Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Western Australia: A state in western Australia. Its capital is Perth. It was first visited by the Dutch in 1616 but the English took possession in 1791 and permanent colonization began in 1829. It was a penal settlement 1850-1888, became part of the colonial government in 1886, and was granted self government in 1890. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1329)South Australia: A state in south central Australia. Its capital is Adelaide. It was probably first visited by F. Thyssen in 1627. Later discoveries in 1802 and 1830 opened up the southern part. It became a British province in 1836 with this self-descriptive name and became a state in 1901. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1135)Queensland: A state in northeastern Australia. Its capital is Brisbane. Its coast was first visited by Captain Cook in 1770 and its first settlement (penal) was located on Moreton Bay in 1824. The name Cooksland was first proposed but honor to Queen Victoria prevailed. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p996 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p441)New South Wales: A state in southeastern Australia. Its capital is Sydney. It was discovered by Captain Cook in 1770 and first settled at Botany Bay by marines and convicts in 1788. It was named by Captain Cook who thought its coastline resembled that of South Wales. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p840 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p377)Victoria: A state in southeastern Australia, the southernmost state. Its capital is Melbourne. It was discovered in 1770 by Captain Cook and first settled by immigrants from Tasmania. In 1851 it was separated from New South Wales as a separate colony. Self-government was introduced in 1851; it became a state in 1901. It was named for Queen Victoria in 1851. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1295 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, p574)Northern Territory: Territory in north central Australia, between the states of Queensland and Western Australia. Its capital is Darwin.Oceanic Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia.New Zealand: A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)Tasmania: An island south of Australia and the smallest state of the Commonwealth. Its capital is Hobart. It was discovered and named Van Diemen's Island in 1642 by Abel Tasman, a Dutch navigator, in honor of the Dutch governor-general of the Dutch East Indian colonies. It was renamed for the discoverer in 1853. In 1803 it was taken over by Great Britain and was used as a penal colony. It was granted government in 1856 and federated as a state in 1901. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1190 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, p535)Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Australasia: Australia, New Zealand and neighboring islands in the South Pacific Ocean. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Ross River virus: A species of ALPHAVIRUS associated with epidemic EXANTHEMA and polyarthritis in Australia.Melioidosis: A disease of humans and animals that resembles GLANDERS. It is caused by BURKHOLDERIA PSEUDOMALLEI and may range from a dormant infection to a condition that causes multiple abscesses, pneumonia, and bacteremia.Burkholderia pseudomallei: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes MELIOIDOSIS. It has been isolated from soil and water in tropical regions, particularly Southeast Asia.Australian Capital Territory: A territory of Australia consisting of Canberra, the national capital and surrounding land. It lies geographically within NEW SOUTH WALES and was established by law in 1988.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Pacific Islands: The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)Hepatitis B Antigens: Antigens of the virion of the HEPATITIS B VIRUS or the Dane particle, its surface (HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS), core (HEPATITIS B CORE ANTIGENS), and other associated antigens, including the HEPATITIS B E ANTIGENS.New Guinea: Originally an island of the Malay Archipelago, the second largest island in the world. It divided, West New Guinea becoming part of Indonesia and East New Guinea becoming Papua New Guinea.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Marsupialia: An infraclass of MAMMALS, also called Metatheria, where the young are born at an early stage of development and continue to develop in a pouch (marsupium). In contrast to Eutheria (placentals), marsupials have an incomplete PLACENTA.Population Groups: Individuals classified according to their sex, racial origin, religion, common place of living, financial or social status, or some other cultural or behavioral attribute. (UMLS, 2003)Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Introduced Species: Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.Phylogeography: A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Myrtaceae: The myrtle plant family of the order Myrtales. It includes several aromatic medicinal plants such as EUCALYPTUS.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Cross-Cultural Comparison: Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.Hendra Virus: A species of HENIPAVIRUS first identified in Australia in 1994 in HORSES and transmitted to humans. The natural host appears to be fruit bats (PTEROPUS).EuropeRain: Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.North AmericaCanada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Proteaceae: A plant family of the order Proteales, subclass Rosidae class Magnoliopsida. Cluster roots, bottlebrush-like clusters of rootlets which form in response to poor soil, are common in this family.Alphavirus Infections: Virus diseases caused by members of the ALPHAVIRUS genus of the family TOGAVIRIDAE.General Practice: Patient-based medical care provided across age and gender or specialty boundaries.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Henipavirus Infections: Infections with viruses of the genus HENIPAVIRUS, family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE.Phascolarctidae: A family of marsupials in the order Diprotodontia, native to Australia and possessing vestigial tails. There is a single living genus and species: Phascolarctos cinereus, the koala.Great BritainGeneral Practitioners: Physicians whose practice is not restricted to a specific field of MEDICINE.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Melanesia: The collective name for the islands of the Pacific Ocean northeast of Australia, including NEW CALEDONIA; VANUATU; New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, Admiralty Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, FIJI, etc. Melanesia (from the Greek melas, black + nesos, island) is so called from the black color of the natives who are generally considered to be descended originally from the Negroid Papuans and the Polynesians or Malays. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p748 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p344)Allied Health Personnel: Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Reptiles: Cold-blooded, air-breathing VERTEBRATES belonging to the class Reptilia, usually covered with external scales or bony plates.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)

*  Asian Accounts of Australia - Bibliographies | National Library of Australia

... were prepared as part of a joint project between the Australian National University and the National Library of Australia ... Asian Accounts of Australia - Bibliographies. These bibliographies were prepared as part of a joint project between the ... Asian Accounts of Australia - Bibliographies*Chinese language periodicals and newspapers 1986-2000 (traditional characters) ... Australian National University and the National Library of Australia undertaken during 2000-2002. ...
https://nla.gov.au/asian-accounts-of-australia-bibliographies

*  Home - Australian General Practice Training

... for calls within Australia) or +61 2 6289 2666 for international calls or email: AGPTeligibility@health.gov.au. ...
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*  Changes in pathology test ordering by early career general practitioners: a longitudinal study | The Medical Journal of...

I/we agree to assign copyright to the Medical Journal of Australia and agree to the Conditions of publication * ... I/we agree to assign copyright to the Medical Journal of Australia and agree to the Conditions of publication * ... Publication of your online response is subject to the Medical Journal of Australia's editorial discretion. You will be notified ... I/we agree to the Terms of use of the Medical Journal of Australia * ...
https://mja.com.au/journal/2017/207/2/changes-pathology-test-ordering-early-career-general-practitioners-longitudinal?utm_source=carousel&utm_medium=web&utm_campaign=homepage

*  Unsafe dieting linked to obesity rise - expert - NZ Herald

It also demonstrated the lack of reliable data available in Australia on eating disorders. ...
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*  Rural and Remote Health Journal - View Article

Medical Journal of Australia 2008; 189: 353.. 2. Medicare Australia. Practice Incentives Program (PIP) Teaching Incentive. ( ... Key words: Australia, clerkships, clinical placements, funding, medical education, practice incentive payments, teaching ... Context: Entry to practice medical programs (graduate- and undergraduate-entry) in Australia are under considerable pressure to ... The card would use the current Medicare Australia infrastructure (available in general practices, and in specialists and allied ...
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*  CSIRO PUBLISHING | Australian Health Review

Ageing in Australia - Country of birth and language preferences of residents in Aged care facilities Ljubica Petrov, Catherine ... AH17032Aging in Australia: country of birth and language preferences of residents in aged care facilities. Ljubica Petrov, ... AH17013Evaluation of Australia's first older adult-specific early intervention for reducing alcohol-related harm. Stephen J. ... AH16223Healthcare-associated infections in Australia: tackling the 'known unknowns'. Philip L. Russo, Allen C. Cheng, Brett G. ...
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*  Browse Archival Resources - D - The Australian Women's Register

National Archives of Australia; National Archives of Australia, National Office. Details ... Deirdre Hyland interviewed by Ian Jobling for the Sport oral history project, ORAL TRC 5900/45; National Library of Australia, ... Debbie Thiele address to the National Press Club on 1 March 1995, 1995, A National Library of Australia digitised item; ... Dame Enid Lyons - a tribute, 1981?, ORAL TRC 1113; Lyons, Enid Muriel (1897 - 1981); National Library of Australia Oral History ...
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*  Australia's #1 Body Transformation Expert - Early To Rise

Australia. Now Queensland, where is that in Australia? Is that the southeast? ... During that time, I traveled over and was accepted for an exchange to Australia so I came over and did a semester over here and ... But going to back to Canada, I was weighing up law school and travel and decided I'd combine the two and applied in Australia ... But we are out of time unfortunately, out of time here in Canada, out of time down there in Australia. So it's been wonderful ...
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*  Australian Health Information Technology: Weekly Australian Health IT Links - 11th July, 2016.

South Australia seems to have risen to the top of the news again with ongoing fears and discussion about just is what is going ... South Australia has found space in its 2016 budget to pay for the first stage of the migration of its regional hospitals off ... The first is to inform readers of news and happenings in the e-Health domain, both here in Australia and world-wide.. The ... Medicare is Australia's healthcare icon, it's the safety net guaranteeing Australians access to medical and hospital services ...
https://aushealthit.blogspot.com/2016/07/weekly-australian-health-it-links-11th.html

*  DR ROS GLOAG - School of Biological Sciences - The University of Sydney

Density and distribution of Australia's sugarbag bees; Gloag R, Oldroyd B; Australia & Pacific Science Foundation/Research ... Hee-Jin Noh, PhD: Coevolution in Australia's little bronze cuckoos and their hosts (ANU, co-supervised with N. Langmore) ... The Scientist, "How an invasive bee managed to thrive in Australia", Jan 1, 2017. http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/ ... articleNo/47721/title/How-an-Invasive-Bee-Managed-to-Thrive-in-Australia/. Nature Behind the Paper: "Honey bee invaders show us ...
sydney.edu.au/science/biology/socialinsects/profiles/ros-gloag.shtml

*  Indigenous languages won't survive if kids are learning only English - ANU

ANU is a world-leading university in Australia's capital. Our focus is on research as an asset, and an approach to education. ... German or French or Mandarin speaking children may be able to go to bilingual schools in Australia where they can learn to talk ...
anu.edu.au/news/all-news/indigenous-languages-wont-survive-if-kids-are-learning-only-english

*  Department of Health | National Health Emergency Response Arrangements: November 2011

Communicable Disease Network Australia The Communicable Diseases Network Australia (CDNA) provides national public health ... Communicable Disease Network Australia. Environmental Health Committee. National Medical Stockpile. National Incident Room. ... As a signatory country Australia is obligated to rapidly identify and report public health events of international significance ... are to prevent the introduction of specified diseases into Australia and prevent the spread of such diseases within Australia. ...
health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/ohp-response-arrangement-nov11-l

*  Diagnostic resources for priority pests

help ensure Australia meets its international plant protection obligations. Guidelines for reporting new plant pathogens are ... help you be consistent with Australia's agreed approach to diagnosing plant pests ...
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*  Australian government to water down health insurance plan - MASSAGE Magazine

The government plans had weighed on shares of Australia's top private hospital operators Ramsay Health Care Ltd and Healthscope ...
https://massagemag.com/australian-government-to-water-down-health-insurance-plan-2184/

*  Australia

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*  Australia - OECD

Australia 2010 - Multi-level regulatory capacity. This is the background report on Multi-level regulatory capacity in Australia ... Australia - OECD Trade Facilitation Indicators. Analysis for Australia from OECD trade facilitation indicators that identify ... This review of regulatory reform in Australia comes at the right time to capture the attention of the OECD community. Australia ... Australia 2010 - Market openness. This is the background report on Market openness in Australia. ...
oecd.org/regreform/bycountry/australia/

*  AUSTRALIA | Flickr

Explore this photo album by knal79 on Flickr!
https://flickr.com/photos/knal/sets/72157623912045284/

*  AUSTRALIA | Variety

Miranda Otto ('Love Serenade' and 'The Well') has inked to star in 'Dead Letter Office,' which lenses in Melbourne later this month. Directed by John Ruane (whose 'That Eye The Sky' won the 1995 Venice Film Fest special jury prize), pic portrays a young woman who begins a search for her long lost fa...
variety.com/1997/scene/vpage/australia-9-1117341834/

*  Australia - latimes

... who controls Australia's leading commercial television operator, Nine Network. ...
articles.latimes.com/1993-05-03/business/fi-30620_1_australia-media-pay

*  Australia - WSJ

As tourism fades, officials pump prime the economy.
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*  Australia's Commsoscopy - English

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*  Campbells in Australia

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*  Sutherland to Australia

Scotland before emigrating to Australia this is the list for you. This list is managed by Jenelle McCarrick, Queensland. Many ... Sutherland to Australia is a Restricted Group with 52 members.. *Sutherland to Australia ...
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*  Search: australia | Flickr

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*  Photos - Goalball Australia

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Australian National BL classGold mining in Western Australia: 4.6 million ounces (142,519 kg)Wedge Island (South Australia): Wedge Island}}List of Townsville suburbs: This article is a list of suburbs that make up the City of Townsville in Queensland, Australia. For the main article/s, see Townsville, and City of Townsville.Charles ConderGeoScience Victoria: GeoScience Victoria, formerly the Geological Survey of Victoria is a government agency responsible for mapping the geology of Victoria, Australia.Rum Jungle, Northern Territory: Rum Jungle is an area in the Northern Territory, Australia where a uranium deposit was found and recognised as such in 1949. It is about 105 kilometres south of Darwin on the East Branch of the Finniss River.Vibe Australia: Vibe Australia Pty Ltd (Vibe) is an Aboriginal media, communications and events management agency. Located in Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales, they work with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people throughout Australia.Vietnamese New ZealanderList of bushwalking tracks of Tasmania: Tasmania is well known for its bush walking tracks. Even though Tasmania is a small island, twenty percent of its land area is protected.Society for Education Action and Research in Community Health: Searching}}Extra (gum): Extra is a brand of sugarfree chewing gum produced by the Wrigley Company in North America, Europe, and some parts of Africa and Australasia.Branching order of bacterial phyla (Gupta, 2001): There are several models of the Branching order of bacterial phyla, one of these was proposed in 2001 by Gupta based on conserved indels or protein, termed "protein signatures", an alternative approach to molecular phylogeny. Some problematic exceptions and conflicts are present to these conserved indels, however, they are in agreement with several groupings of classes and phyla.Epidemic polyarthritis: Epidemic polyarthritis is an outdated term that was used to refer to polyarthritis caused by two mosquito-borne viruses endemic to Australasia:MelioidosisGiralang, Australian Capital TerritoryHealth geography: Health geography is the application of geographical information, perspectives, and methods to the study of health, disease, and health care.Pacific Islands Families Study: The Pacific Islands Families Study is a long-running, cohort study of 1398 children (and their parents) of Pacific Islands origin born in Auckland, New Zealand during the year 2000.PangunaFour Seasons Baltimore and Residences: Four Seasons Hotel Baltimore is currently a 22 story highrise hotel complex building which opened on November 14, 2011. The building's construction began back in 2007 and went through several changes.List of countries that regulate the immigration of felons: This is a list of countries that regulate the immigration of felons.National Outbreak Reporting System: ==The National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS)==Bandicoot papillomatosis carcinomatosis virus: Bandicoot papillomatosis carcinomatosis virus is a circular double stranded DNA virus isolated from bandicoots (Perameles bougainville). The genome has features similar to both the Papillomaviridae and the Polyomaviridae.Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research: 140px|rightQRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.DNA sequencer: A DNA sequencer is a scientific instrument used to automate the DNA sequencing process. Given a sample of DNA, a DNA sequencer is used to determine the order of the four bases: G (guanine), C (cytosine), A (adenine) and T (thymine).Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Incidence (epidemiology): Incidence is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time. Although sometimes loosely expressed simply as the number of new cases during some time period, it is better expressed as a proportion or a rate with a denominator.Water Agriculture and Health in Tropical Area: Water Agriculture and Health in Tropical Area (French, Eau Agriculture Et Sante Et Milieu Tropical (E.A.Lists of invasive species: These are lists of invasive species by country or region. A species is regarded as invasive if it has been introduced by human action to a location, area, or region where it did not previously occur naturally (i.Phylogeography: Phylogeography is the study of the historical processes that may be responsible for the contemporary geographic distributions of individuals. This is accomplished by considering the geographic distribution of individuals in light of the patterns associated with a gene genealogy.Large ornamented Ediacaran microfossil: Large ornamented Ediacaran microfossils (LOEMs) are microscopic acritarchs, usually over 100 μm in diameter, which are common in sediments of the Ediacaran period, . They largely disappear from the Ediacaran fossil record before , roughly coeval with the origin of the Ediacara biota.CallistemonEcosystemAustralian Animal Health LaboratoryGA²LENThe Rain Rain Rain Came Down Down Down: "The Rain Rain Rain Came Down Down Down" is a narrative song from the Walt Disney musical film featurette, Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day. The song is also incorporated into the 1977 musical film The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh which is an amalgamation of three Winnie-the-Pooh featurettes including "Blustery Day".Miss Asia Pacific 2005American Medical Student AssociationCanadian Organ Replacement Registry: The Canadian Organ Replacement Registry CORR is a health organisation was started by Canadian nephrologists and kidney transplant surgeons in 1985 in order to develop the care of patients with renal failure. In the early 1990s data on liver and heart transplantation were added to the registry.Genetic variation: right|thumbGrevillea robustaAlphavirus infection: Alphavirus infection may be caused by a Sindbis virus infection, and result in a cutaneous eruption of multiple, erythematous, 4- to 4-mm papules.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Lifestyle management programme: A lifestyle management programme (also referred to as a health promotion programme, health behaviour change programme, lifestyle improvement programme or wellness programme) is an intervention designed to promote positive lifestyle and behaviour change and is widely used in the field of health promotion.Koala retrovirus: Koala retrovirus (KoRV) is a retrovirus that is present in many populations of koalas. It has been implicated as the agent of Koala Immune Deficiency Syndrome (KIDS), an AIDS-like immunodeficiency that leaves infected koalas more susceptible to infectious disease and cancers.National Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingBritish Solomon Islands Protectorate Defence Force: The British Solomon Islands Protectorate Defence Force (BSIPDF) was the British colonial military force of the British Solomon Islands Protectorate (1889-1978). The Solomon Islands has not had military forces since it achieved independence from Britain in 1976.TuataraCriticisms of globalization: Criticism of globalization is skepticism of the claimed benefits of globalization. Many of these views are held by the anti-globalization movement.

(1/6626) Dietary intake and practices in the Hong Kong Chinese population.

OBJECTIVES: To examine dietary intake and practices of the adult Hong Kong Chinese population to provide a basis for future public health recommendations with regard to prevention of certain chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and osteoporosis. PARTICIPANTS: Age and sex stratified random sample of the Hong Kong Chinese population aged 25 to 74 years (500 men, 510 women). METHOD: A food frequency method over a one week period was used for nutrient quantification, and a separate questionnaire was used for assessment of dietary habits. Information was obtained by interview. RESULTS: Men had higher intakes of energy and higher nutrient density of vitamin D, monounsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol, but lower nutrient density of protein, many vitamins, calcium, iron, copper, and polyunsaturated fatty acids. There was an age related decrease in energy intake and other nutrients except for vitamin C, sodium, potassium, and percentage of total calorie from carbohydrate, which all increased with age. Approximately 50% of the population had a cholesterol intake of < or = 300 mg; 60% had a fat intake < or = 30% of total energy; and 85% had a percentage of energy from saturated fats < or = 10%; criteria considered desirable for cardiovascular health. Seventy eight per cent of the population had sodium intake values in the range shown to be associated with the age related rise in blood pressure with age. Mean calcium intake was lower than the FAO/WHO recommendations. The awareness of the value of wholemeal bread and polyunsaturated fat spreads was lower in this population compared with that in Australia. There was a marked difference in types of cooking oil compared with Singaporeans, the latter using more coconut/palm/mixed vegetable oils. CONCLUSION: Although the current intake pattern for cardiovascular health for fat, saturated fatty acid, and cholesterol fall within the recommended range for over 50% of the population, follow up surveys to monitor the pattern would be needed. Decreasing salt consumption, increasing calcium intake, and increasing the awareness of the health value of fibre may all be beneficial in the context of chronic disease prevention.  (+info)

(2/6626) Randomised controlled trial of effect of feedback on general practitioners' prescribing in Australia.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect on general practitioners' prescribing of feedback on their levels of prescribing. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: General practice in rural Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 2440 full time recognised general practitioners practising in non-urban areas. INTERVENTION: Two sets of graphical displays (6 months apart) of their prescribing rates for 2 years, relative to those of their peers, were posted to participants. Data were provided for five main drug groups and were accompanied by educational newsletters. The control group received no information on their prescribing. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prescribing rates in the intervention and control groups for the five main drug groups, total prescribing and potential substitute prescribing and ordering before and after the interventions. RESULTS: The intervention and control groups had similar baseline characteristics (age, sex, patient mix, practices). Median prescribing rates for the two groups were almost identical before and after the interventions. Any changes in prescribing observed in the intervention group were also seen in the control group. There was no evidence that feedback reduced the variability in prescribing nor did it differentially affect the very high or very low prescribers. CONCLUSIONS: The form of feedback evaluated here-mailed, unsolicited, centralised, government sponsored, and based on aggregate data-had no impact on the prescribing levels of general practitioners.  (+info)

(3/6626) Preliminary report: symptoms associated with mobile phone use.

Mobile phone use is ubiquitous, although the alleged health effects of low level radio-frequency radiation (RFR) used in transmission are contentious. Following isolated reports of headache-like symptoms arising in some users, a survey has been conducted to characterize the symptoms sometimes associated with mobile phone usage. A notice of interest in cases was placed in a major medical journal and this was publicized by the media. Respondents were interviewed by telephone using a structured questionnaire. Forty respondents from diverse occupations described unpleasant sensations such as a burning feeling or a dull ache mainly occurring in the temporal, occipital or auricular areas. The symptoms often began minutes after beginning a call, but could come on later during the day. The symptoms usually ceased within an hour after the call, but could last until evening. Symptoms did not occur when using an ordinary handset, and were different from ordinary headaches. There were several reports suggestive of intra-cranial effects. Three respondents reported local symptoms associated with wearing their mobile phone on their belts. There was one cluster of cases in a workplace. Seventy-five per cent of cases were associated with digital mobile phones. Most of the respondents obtained relief by altering their patterns of telephone usage or type of phone. Cranial and other diverse symptoms may arise associated with mobile phone usage. Physicians and users alike should be alert to this. Further work is needed to determine the range of effects, their mechanism and the possible implications for safety limits of RFR.  (+info)

(4/6626) Rider injury rates and emergency medical services at equestrian events.

BACKGROUND: Horse riding is a hazardous pastime, with a number of studies documenting high rates of injury and death among horse riders in general. This study focuses on the injury experience of cross country event riders, a high risk subset of horse riders. METHOD: Injury data were collected at a series of 35 equestrian events in South Australia from 1990 to 1998. RESULTS: Injury rates were found to be especially high among event riders, with frequent falls, injuries, and even deaths. The highest injury rates were among the riders competing at the highest levels. CONCLUSION: There is a need for skilled emergency medical services at equestrian events.  (+info)

(5/6626) Changing epidemiology of hepatitis A in the 1990s in Sydney, Australia.

Surveillance of hepatitis A in residents of Eastern Sydney Health Area identified substantial epidemics in homosexual males in 1991-2 with a peak rate of 520 per 100,000 recorded in males aged 25-29 years, and again in 1995-6, with a peak rate of 405 per 100,000 per year in males aged 30-34 years. During 1994-5 an epidemic was detected among disadvantaged youth associated with injecting drug use; peak rates of 200 per 100,000 per year were reported in males aged 25-29 years and of 64 per 100,000 per year among females aged 20-24 years. The epidemiology of hepatitis A in these inner suburbs of Sydney is characterized by very few childhood cases and recurrent epidemics among homosexual men. Identified risk groups need to be targeted with appropriate messages regarding the importance of hygiene and vaccination in preventing hepatitis A. However, poor access to health services among disadvantaged youth and a constant influx of young homosexual males into these inner suburbs present major challenges to hepatitis A control.  (+info)

(6/6626) A comparative analysis of surveyors from six hospital accreditation programmes and a consideration of the related management issues.

PURPOSE: To gather data on how accreditors manage surveyors, to compare these data and to offer them to the accreditors for improvement and to the scientific community for knowledge of the accreditation process and reinforcement of the credibility of these processes. DATA SOURCE: The data were gathered with the aid of a questionnaire sent to all accreditors participating in the study. RESULTS: An important finding in this comparative study is the different contractual relationships that exist between the accreditors and their surveyors. CONCLUSION: Surveyors around the world share many common features in terms of careers, training, work history and expectations. These similarities probably arise from the objectives of the accreditors who try to provide a developmental process to their clients rather than an 'inspection'.  (+info)

(7/6626) Biodiversity of Lactococcus garvieae strains isolated from fish in Europe, Asia, and Australia.

Lactococcus garvieae (junior synonym, Enterococcus seriolicida) is a major pathogen of fish, producing fatal septicemia among fish species living in very diverse environments. The phenotypic traits of L. garvieae strains collected from three different continents (Asia, Europe, and Australia) indicated phenotypic heterogeneity. On the basis of the acidification of D-tagatose and sucrose, three biotypes were defined. DNA relatedness values and a specific PCR assay showed that all the biotypes belonged to the same genospecies, L. garvieae. All of the L. garvieae strains were serotyped as Lancefield group N. Ribotyping proved that one clone was found both in Japan, where it probably originated, and in Italy, where it was probably imported. PCR of environmental samples did not reveal the source of the contamination of the fish in Italy. Specific clones (ribotypes) were found in outbreaks in Spain and in Italy. The L. garvieae reference strain, isolated in the United Kingdom from a cow, belonged to a unique ribotype. L. garvieae is a rising zoonotic agent. The biotyping scheme, the ribotyping analysis, and the PCR assay described in this work allowed the proper identification of L. garvieae and the description of the origin and of the source of contamination of strains involved in outbreaks or in sporadic cases.  (+info)

(8/6626) Mutations in the nebulin gene associated with autosomal recessive nemaline myopathy.

The congenital nemaline myopathies are rare hereditary muscle disorders characterized by the presence in the muscle fibers of nemaline bodies consisting of proteins derived from the Z disc and thin filament. In a single large Australian family with an autosomal dominant form of nemaline myopathy, the disease is caused by a mutation in the alpha-tropomyosin gene TPM3. The typical form of nemaline myopathy is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait, the locus of which we previously assigned to chromosome 2q21.2-q22. We show here that mutations in the nebulin gene located within this region are associated with the disease. The nebulin protein is a giant protein found in the thin filaments of striated muscle. A variety of nebulin isoforms are thought to contribute to the molecular diversity of Z discs. We have studied the 3' end of the 20. 8-kb cDNA encoding the Z disc part of the 800-kDa protein and describe six disease-associated mutations in patients from five families of different ethnic origins. In two families with consanguineous parents, the patients were homozygous for point mutations. In one family with nonconsanguineous parents, the affected siblings were compound heterozygotes for two different mutations, and in two further families with one detected mutation each, haplotypes are compatible with compound heterozygosity. Immunofluorescence studies with antibodies specific to the C-terminal region of nebulin indicate that the mutations may cause protein truncation possibly associated with loss of fiber-type diversity, which may be relevant to disease pathogenesis.  (+info)



Demography


  • For comparisons between the states and territories of Australia, please refer to Demography, Australia, 2004 (cat. (abs.gov.au)

Projections


  • e) Series II from Household and Family Projections, Australia, 2001-2026 (Cat. (abs.gov.au)

Areas


  • The National Regional Profiles provide economic and social statistics of Statistical Local Areas and Local Government Areas of Australia. (abs.gov.au)

region


  • As with previous issues the 2000 edition contains chapters on the Australian Capital Region and the ACT in relation to the rest of Australia. (abs.gov.au)