Athletes: Individuals who have developed skills, physical stamina and strength or participants in SPORTS or other physical activities.Sports: Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.Athletic Injuries: Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.Track and Field: Sports performed on a track, field, or arena and including running events and other competitions, such as the pole vault, shot put, etc.Athletic Performance: Carrying out of specific physical routines or procedures by one who is trained or skilled in physical activity. Performance is influenced by a combination of physiological, psychological, and socio-cultural factors.Sports Medicine: The field of medicine concerned with physical fitness and the diagnosis and treatment of injuries sustained in exercise and sports activities.Doping in Sports: Illegitimate use of substances for a desired effect in competitive sports. It includes humans and animals.Female Athlete Triad Syndrome: A condition of competitive female athletes in which there are interrelated problems of EATING DISORDERS; AMENORRHEA; and OSTEOPOROSIS.Physical Endurance: The time span between the beginning of physical activity by an individual and the termination because of exhaustion.Running: An activity in which the body is propelled by moving the legs rapidly. Running is performed at a moderate to rapid pace and should be differentiated from JOGGING, which is performed at a much slower pace.Martial Arts: Activities in which participants learn self-defense mainly through the use of hand-to-hand combat. Judo involves throwing an opponent to the ground while karate (which includes kung fu and tae kwon do) involves kicking and punching an opponent.Brain Concussion: A nonspecific term used to describe transient alterations or loss of consciousness following closed head injuries. The duration of UNCONSCIOUSNESS generally lasts a few seconds, but may persist for several hours. Concussions may be classified as mild, intermediate, and severe. Prolonged periods of unconsciousness (often defined as greater than 6 hours in duration) may be referred to as post-traumatic coma (COMA, POST-HEAD INJURY). (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p418)Basketball: A competitive team sport played on a rectangular court having a raised basket at each end.Physical Education and Training: Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.Soccer: A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.Wrestling: A sport consisting of hand-to-hand combat between two unarmed contestants seeking to pin or press each other's shoulders to the ground.Baseball: A competitive nine-member team sport including softball.Football: A competitive team sport played on a rectangular field. This is the American or Canadian version of the game and also includes the form known as rugby. It does not include non-North American football (= SOCCER).Tennis: A game played by two or four players with rackets and an elastic ball on a level court divided by a low net.Cardiomegaly, Exercise-Induced: Heart enlargement and other remodeling in cardiac morphology and electrical circutry found in individuals who participate in intense repeated exercises.Volleyball: A team sport in which two teams hit an inflated ball back and forth over a high net using their hands.Performance-Enhancing Substances: Agents that improve the ability to carry out activities such as athletics, mental endurance, work, and resistance to stress. The substances can include PRESCRIPTION DRUGS; DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS; phytochemicals; and ILLICIT DRUGS.Bicycling: The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).Amenorrhea: Absence of menstruation.Racquet Sports: Games in which players use a racquet to hit a ball or similar type object.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Fractures, Stress: Fractures due to the strain caused by repetitive exercise. They are thought to arise from a combination of MUSCLE FATIGUE and bone failure, and occur in situations where BONE REMODELING predominates over repair. The most common sites of stress fractures are the METATARSUS; FIBULA; TIBIA; and FEMORAL NECK.Knee Injuries: Injuries to the knee or the knee joint.Anabolic Agents: These compounds stimulate anabolism and inhibit catabolism. They stimulate the development of muscle mass, strength, and power.Cumulative Trauma Disorders: Harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves.Skiing: A snow sport which uses skis to glide over the snow. It does not include water-skiing.Anterior Cruciate Ligament: A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the posteromedial portion of the lateral condyle of the femur, passes anteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the depression in front of the intercondylar eminence of the tibia.Sports Equipment: Equipment required for engaging in a sport (such as balls, bats, rackets, skis, skates, ropes, weights) and devices for the protection of athletes during their performance (such as masks, gloves, mouth pieces).Sprains and Strains: A collective term for muscle and ligament injuries without dislocation or fracture. A sprain is a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact. A strain is an overstretching or overexertion of some part of the musculature.Death, Sudden, Cardiac: Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)Epitestosterone: The 17-alpha isomer of TESTOSTERONE, derived from PREGNENOLONE via the delta5-steroid pathway, and via 5-androstene-3-beta,17-alpha-diol. Epitestosterone acts as an antiandrogen in various target tissues. The ratio between testosterone/epitestosterone is used to monitor anabolic drug abuse.Physical Fitness: The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.Asthma, Exercise-Induced: Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).Weight Lifting: A sport in which weights are lifted competitively or as an exercise.Ankle Injuries: Harm or hurt to the ankle or ankle joint usually inflicted by an external source.Physical Exertion: Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.Skating: Using ice skates, roller skates, or skateboards in racing or other competition or for recreation.Leg Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the leg.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Exercise Test: Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.Spondylolysis: Deficient development or degeneration of a portion of the VERTEBRA, usually in the pars interarticularis (the bone bridge between the superior and inferior facet joints of the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE) leading to SPONDYLOLISTHESIS.Swimming: An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.Tendinopathy: Clinical syndrome describing overuse tendon injuries characterized by a combination of PAIN, diffuse or localized swelling, and impaired performance. Distinguishing tendinosis from tendinitis is clinically difficult and can be made only after histopathological examination.Altitude: A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic: A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease, characterized by left and/or right ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR; HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR), frequent asymmetrical involvement of the HEART SEPTUM, and normal or reduced left ventricular volume. Risk factors include HYPERTENSION; AORTIC STENOSIS; and gene MUTATION; (FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY).Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Wheelchairs: Chairs mounted on wheels and designed to be propelled by the occupant.Hockey: A game in which two parties of players provided with curved or hooked sticks seek to drive a ball or puck through opposite goals. This applies to either ice hockey or field hockey.Foot Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: A syndrome characterized by retropatellar or peripatellar PAIN resulting from physical and biochemical changes in the patellofemoral joint. The pain is most prominent when ascending or descending stairs, squatting, or sitting with flexed knees. There is a lack of consensus on the etiology and treatment. The syndrome is often confused with (or accompanied by) CHONDROMALACIA PATELLAE, the latter describing a pathological condition of the CARTILAGE and not a syndrome.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Competitive Behavior: The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Electrocardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.Hip Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the hip.Arthroscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy and surgery of the joint.Physical Examination: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.Groin: The external junctural region between the lower part of the abdomen and the thigh.Back Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the posterior part of the trunk. It includes injuries to the muscles of the back.Menstruation Disturbances: Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.Substance Abuse Detection: Detection of drugs that have been abused, overused, or misused, including legal and illegal drugs. Urine screening is the usual method of detection.Tendon Injuries: Injuries to the fibrous cords of connective tissue which attach muscles to bones or other structures.Shoulder Joint: The articulation between the head of the HUMERUS and the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA.Joint Instability: Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.Echocardiography: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.Anaerobic Threshold: The oxygen consumption level above which aerobic energy production is supplemented by anaerobic mechanisms during exercise, resulting in a sustained increase in lactate concentration and metabolic acidosis. The anaerobic threshold is affected by factors that modify oxygen delivery to the tissues; it is low in patients with heart disease. Methods of measurement include direct measure of lactate concentration, direct measurement of bicarbonate concentration, and gas exchange measurements.Mouth Protectors: Devices or pieces of equipment placed in or around the mouth or attached to instruments to protect the external or internal tissues of the mouth and the teeth.Tooth Injuries: Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular: Enlargement of the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is attributed to sustained abnormal pressure or volume loads and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.Arm Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the arm.Eating Disorders: A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.Rest: Freedom from activity.Cardiovascular Deconditioning: A change in cardiovascular function resulting in a reduction in BLOOD VOLUME, and reflex DIURESIS. It occurs frequently after actual or simulated WEIGHTLESSNESS.Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Rebuilding of the ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT to restore functional stability of the knee. AUTOGRAFTING or ALLOGRAFTING of tissues is often used.Boxing: A two-person sport in which the fists are skillfully used to attack and defend.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Osteochondrosis: Any of a group of bone disorders involving one or more ossification centers (EPIPHYSES). It is characterized by degeneration or NECROSIS followed by revascularization and reossification. Osteochondrosis often occurs in children causing varying degrees of discomfort or pain. There are many eponymic types for specific affected areas, such as tarsal navicular (Kohler disease) and tibial tuberosity (Osgood-Schlatter disease).Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Rupture: Forcible or traumatic tear or break of an organ or other soft part of the body.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Patellar Ligament: A band of fibrous tissue that attaches the apex of the PATELLA to the lower part of the tubercle of the TIBIA. The ligament is actually the caudal continuation of the common tendon of the QUADRICEPS FEMORIS. The patella is embedded in that tendon. As such, the patellar ligament can be thought of as connecting the quadriceps femoris tendon to the tibia, and therefore it is sometimes called the patellar tendon.

*  Tri Fit for Life: Health & Fitness for the Journey: Women's Health Month: Why Female Athletes are More Prone to ACL Injury

that male athletes have, we really can't prove with evidence-based studies that there are specific differences in the type of ... Female athletes are more quad and leg dominant; they rely more on ligaments for stability, and they have increased ligament ... So what's the deal? Why are ACL injuries more common in female athletes? To begin to answer this question, we first have to ... However, it may be more about what we are NOT doing in our training of female athletes to compensate for the differences in ...
trifitforlife.blogspot.com/2013/11/womens-health-month-why-female-athletes.html

*  Endurance athletes and heart trouble - should we worry? | Lou Walker Sports Massage

... explaining mounting evidence from numerous studies that suggests that endurance athletes may ... Endurance athletes and heart trouble - should we worry?. By Lou , March 13, 2012 , cycling, ironman, marathon, recovery, ... Sadly it seems that club runners are also at risk, not just the elite and ultra endurance athletes like pro road cyclists, ... explaining mounting evidence from numerous studies that suggests that endurance athletes may endanger their hearts through ...
louwalker.com/endurance-athletes-and-heart-trouble-should-we-worry/

*  Cal Poly did minimal drug testing of athletes because of costs | The Tribune

2,000 drug testing 41 student athletes, mostly football players, for banned substances over the past year. ...
sanluisobispo.com/sports/college/cal-poly/article39494028.html

*  Guidelines and Resources for Skin Infections in Athletes - Minnesota Dept. of Health

Fact sheet about MRSA for coaches and athletes. Skin Examination of Athletes. Skin examination of athletes fact sheet for ... Staph prevention poster for athletes.. *MRSA: Information for Coaches and Athletes. Fact sheet with frequently asked questions ... Skin Infections: Information for Athletes and Families. Fact sheet for athletes and families. ... Guidelines, resources, and fact sheets for coaches and health care professionals for skin infections in athletes.. Guidelines. ...
health.state.mn.us/divs/idepc/dtopics/athlete/guidelines.html

*  Professional Athletes as Role Models Essay Example for Free

Professional Athletes as Role Models Essay. Custom Student Mr. Teacher ENG 1001-04 27 September 2016 Professional Athletes as ... These negative athletes focus on the partying high life style and flaunt, what they can purchase. Then there are the athletes ... College Athletes *Do you agree the professional athletes such as football player and basketball player deserve high salaries to ... These athletes often thrive positively on the advantages they have. Most professional athletes are good role models, as they ...
https://studymoose.com/professional-athletes-as-role-models-essay

*  Elite Sport and Development of Asthma - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

It is unclear whether the increased prevalence of asthma in elite athletes reflects 'traditional asthma' or whether it is a ... This study will investigate the type of airway inflammation in elite athletes and examine the effect of treatment with inhaled ... International studies have shown that elite athletes have a high prevalence of respiratory symptoms and asthma as compared to ... and only a few studies have focused on the treatment of elite athletes with asthma. Further knowledge of the pathogenesis of ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00262587

*  Counting down the 50 most dominant athletes alive - AOL News

Our list of dominant athletes covers stars from all over the world whose superiority over their respective sports has led to ... Others are athletes who are on the rise, up-and-comers quickly proving that they are and will be forces to be reckoned with in ... Our list of dominant athletes covers stars from all over the world whose superiority over their respective sports has led to ... Some of the names on here are mainstays - recognizable athletes who have reigned supreme in their sports over long periods of ...
https://aol.com/article/2016/06/15/counting-down-the-50-most-dominant-athletes-alive/21395878/

*  Low-Back Injuries Common in Young Athletes - MASSAGE Magazine

Sports massage is used by colleges and some high schools to keep athletes in top shape. A new study shows that low-back ... Many injuries are severe enough to sideline young athletes for one to six months. The study included more than 1,200 young ... Low-back injuries are the third most common injuries suffered in athletes under age 18, according to the study presented by ... injuries are prevalent in young athletes, and those injuries put them at risk for long term back problems. ...
https://massagemag.com/low-back-injuries-common-in-young-athletes-13360/

*  Fat Mediated Modulation of Reproductive and Endocrine Function in Young Athletes - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Preliminary data indicate lower BMD in adolescent athletes with amenorrhea (AA) compared with eumenorrheic athletes (EA) and ... Bone microarchitecture is impaired in adolescent amenorrheic athletes compared with eumenorrheic athletes and nonathletic ... Endurance athletes Note: severity of low BMD and menstrual dysfunction differ by kind of exercise and activity. For example, ... One aim of this study is to determine changes in body composition and hormones that differentiate athletes who stop getting ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00946192?term=bone health, calcium, osteoporosis&age=0&rank=11

*  SPED student-athletes ready to prove mettle in 2017 Palarong Pambansa | Department of Education

SPED student-athletes ready to prove mettle in 2017 Palarong Pambansa. April 22, 2017 ... Each region is allowed to field in a maximum of 55 delegates composing of athletes and coaches.. For the age category: visually ... Student-athletes with intellectual disability (ID), and who are visually impaired (VI) and orthopedically handicapped/amputee ( ... Aside from awarding the winning athletes first, second, and third places, medals will also be given to the fourth to eighth ...
deped.gov.ph/press-releases/sped-student-athletes-ready-prove-mettle-2017-palarong-pambansa

*  Electrocardiography and Preparticipation Screening of Competitive High School Athletes | Annals of Internal Medicine | American...

Of note, tabulation of deaths of athletes in Italy is based on events limited to the Veneto region, which comprises only 9% of ... Screening of U.S. high school and college athletes (with history and physical examination) is practiced almost universally (5) ... Marek's characterization of the Sudden Death in Athletes Registry (1) as "a compilation of media reports" is inaccurate. ... Fourth, no evidence suggests that mortality rates due to cardiovascular disease in athletes differ between the United States ...
annals.org/aim/article/745917/electrocardiography-preparticipation-screening-competitive-high-school-athletes

*  Medical Concerns in the Female Athlete | AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS | Pediatrics

Menstrual dysfunction is more common in athletes than in the general population. Athletes and dancers who begin training before ... Special medical concerns should be considered, however, when caring for young female athletes. Athletes can develop abnormal ... 7 Disordered eating can be seen in athletes participating in all sports. Sports that may place athletes at higher risk for the ... When athletes and coaches want to know what weight and amount of body fat are best for a given athlete, it is preferable to ...
pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/106/3/610.full

*  Detection of Pathologic or Physiologic Left Ventricular Remodeling in Athletes | JACC: Journal of the American College of...

1) also noted that, by indexing LVM and LVDD to height2.7, there was no longer any difference between athletes and controls, ... 2004) Association of fat-free mass and training status with left ventricular size and mass in endurance-trained athletes. J Am ... Detection of Pathologic or Physiologic Left Ventricular Remodeling in Athletes Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page ... 1) study, indexation to height2.7was not efficient to abolish differences between athletes and controls, neither for LVD/height ...
onlinejacc.org/content/45/10/1731.2

*  Most recent papers with the keyword Neutrophils volume | Read by QxMD

... and hormonal parameters in high-level 800 m athletes during a complete athletics season. Thirteen male athletes of national and ... Athletes performed sprint tests (20 and 200 m), countermovement jump (CMJ), jump squat (JS), and full squat (SQ) tests. Blood ... and-sprint-levels-and-changes-in-blood-parameters-during-a-complete-athletics-season-in-800-m-high-level-athletes ... and Changes in Blood Parameters during a Complete Athletics Season in 800 m High-Level Athletes. ...
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*  WADA 'disappointed' by IOC decision on Russian athletes | Africanews

Richard McLaren which found evidence of widespread state-sponsored doping by Russian athletes at the 2014 W ... It is not yet clear if this can be done in good time to allow the Russian athletes participate in the summer games which opens ... The IOC on Sunday indicated it would not impose a blanket ban on Russian athletes over the country's doping record but would ... Richard McLaren which found evidence of widespread state-sponsored doping by Russian athletes at the 2014 winter Olympics in ...
africanews.com/2016/07/25/wada-disappointed-by-ioc-decision-on-russian-athletes/

*  Contraceptive pill's effect on female athlete's performance put to test in new study - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting...

... with 40 elite athletes from a range of sports signing up to help determine whether it is causing premature fatigue. ... The effects of the contraceptive pill on the performance of female athletes are being put to the test at Griffith University, ... Athletes will be placed in environment chambers and complete activities such as sprints and jogging on a treadmill while ... "This has no purpose to take women off the pill nor to put young female athletes on the pill," she said. ...
abc.net.au/news/2017-06-20/contraceptive-pill-effect-female-athletes-put-to-test/8635072

*  Olympic Cheating

Those athletes are the ones who know who is there competing clean and who is not.'. What athletes also see is which records ... Cruz stated, 'The athletes are the first ones to suspect, especially the athletes who work hard and find it really difficult to ... Once it became mandatory, the athletes gave in. Given this lesson, we know that since athletes are born risk-takers, we don't ... While the U.S. has not been accused of systematically doping its athletes, there can be no doubt that many American athletes ...
ssqq.com/archive/cheatingolympic.htm

*  Conduit diameter and wall remodeling in elite athletes and spinal cord injury.

We recruited elite athletes engaged in predominantly lower limb (LL runners/cyclists, n = 10) or upper lim ... a lower wall thickness was found in able-bodied athletes compared with C, including wheelchair athletes compared with ... METHODS: We recruited elite athletes engaged in predominantly lower limb (LL runners/cyclists, n = 10) or upper limb (UL canoe ... RESULTS: Brachial diameters were significantly larger in UL and wheelchair users (athletes and controls) compared with C (both ...
biomedsearch.com/nih/Conduit-diameter-wall-remodeling-in/22508165.html

*  Many College Athletes Reject Cigarettes but Smoke Hookah, Pitt Study Finds - Healthcanal.com : Healthcanal.com

... all types of athletes were less likely than non-athletes to smoke cigarettes. Similarly, varsity athletes were 22 percent less ... "Varsity athletes may be particularly cautious with any type of substance use because of the demands of their sport and the ... "But club and intramural athletes clearly perceive this as a safer form of tobacco use. We in public health need to impress upon ... Home Life style and Fitness Many College Athletes Reject Cigarettes but Smoke Hookah, Pitt Study Finds ...
https://healthcanal.com/life-style-fitness/3157-many-college-athletes-reject-cigarettes-but-smoke-hookah-pitt-study-finds.html

*  MS Track & Field

DESIRE: Athletes must have the drive to become the best they can possibly be. Coaches will help train and develop these young ... This allows all athletes to have the most qualified coach for their event. Both the boys and girls teams work together for the ... DEDICATION: Athletes who are a part of the Millard South Track and Field team need to understand their commitment. As a member ... DISCIPLINE: Athletes will learn to balance academics and athletics. Success in the classroom is just as important as success on ...
https://sites.google.com/a/mpsomaha.org/ms-track-field/

*  College Athlete Suspensions Not Enough Some Activists | Time.com

Some student activists says recent suspensions of college athletes represented a superficial response to issues of racism and ... Colleges Are Suspending Athletes Who Share Racist and Sexist Messages. Some Say It's Not Enough. ... group text messages that have been brought to light do not meet the standard of behavior we expect from our student-athletes at ... under fire in recent months for racist remarks or lewd comments that have surfaced in emails or text messages between athletes ...
time.com/4605327/princeton-university-team-suspension-racism/

*  Athletes become poets

... the Penn Relays allows its young athletes the chance to leave a mark on the event, in more than a clocked time or a crater in ... Away from the track, the Penn Relays allows its young athletes the chance to leave a mark on the event, in more than a clocked ... illustrating the versatile nature of the athletes gathered here today. ... Athletes become poets Updated: May 15, 2013 - 2:52 PM EDT * ...
philly.com/philly/blogs/sports/college/Athletes-become-poets.html

*  Star Athletes | eBay

Find great deals on eBay for Star Athletes. Shop with confidence. ...
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*  ARTISTS AND ATHLETES

... Lawler House Art Gallery is hosting "Artists and Athletes" a Gala for our non-profit organization ... The "Artists and Athletes" evening and auction has many needs. Our commitment to present a first-class event filled with food ...
https://brownpapertickets.com/event/758174

*  athletes | Tag | PBS NewsHour

Recent studies of NCAA programs suggest that colleges need to do more to ensure their student-athletes graduate, rather than ... This year's Venice Biennale features installations by artists Allora and Calzadilla, who recruited U.S. Olympic athletes to ...
pbs.org/newshour/tag/athletes/page/2/

Paul Edwards (athlete)Assunta LegnanteNapier Javelin: The Napier Javelin was a British six-cylinder inline air-cooled engine designed by Frank Halford and built by Napier & Son.Lumsden 2003, p.Dan BuckinghamLarry LemakIssa HayatouPhysical strength: Strength (physics)}}Shitaye Gemechu: Shitaye Gemechu (born 17 June 1980) is an Ethiopian long-distance runner, who specializes in marathon races. Shitaye was the women's winner of the Rock 'n' Roll Arizona Marathon for the years 2004 - 2006.Outline of martial arts: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to martial arts:Prevention of concussions: Prevention of mild traumatic brain injury involves taking general measures to prevent traumatic brain injury, such as wearing seat belts and using airbags in cars.Phil Henderson (basketball)Let's Move!: Let's Move! seeks to combat the epidemic of childhood obesity and encourage a healthy lifestyle through "a comprehensive, collaborative, and community-oriented initiative that addresses all of the various factors that lead to childhood obesity [.Anthem (The 2002 FIFA World Cup Official Anthem): Anthem (The 2002 FIFA World Cup Official Anthem) by Vangelis and produced and mixed by Takkyu Ishino is the theme song for 2002 FIFA World Cup held in South Korea and Japan. The single was commercially successful in Japan, being certified platinum for 100,000 copies shipped to stores.List of National Wrestling Alliance territories: The National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) is a professional wrestling governing body which has historically been the largest league of independent wrestling promotions in the world also referred to as "territories" as they each generally covered and controlled a certain geographic location. The territories are all independent professional wrestling promotions who are loosely affiliated with each other through their membership of the NWA and at time cross promote wrestlers or championships from other promotions.Jim McKeever (baseball)John Mackey (American football)Amos MansdorfWu Dan (volleyball)Performance-enhancing drugs: Performance-enhancing drugs are substances used to improve any form of activity performance in humans. Physical performance-enhancing drugs are used by athletes and bodybuilders.Cadence (cycling): In cycling, cadence (or pedaling rate) is the number of revolutions of the crank per minute; roughly speaking, this is the rate at which a cyclist is pedalling/turning the pedals. Cadence is related to wheel speed, but is a distinct measurement.Gonadotropin-resistant ovary syndrome: Resistant ovary syndrome, previously known as Savage Syndrome, is a cause of ovarian failure that can lead to secondary amenorrhea. "Resistant ovaries" result from a functional disturbance of the gonadotrophin receptors in the ovarian follicles.Zhou Mi (badminton)High-intensity interval training: High-intensity interval training (HIIT), also called high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) or sprint interval training (SIT), is an enhanced form of interval training, an exercise strategy alternating short periods of intense anaerobic exercise with less-intense recovery periods. HIIT is a form of cardiovascular exercise.Stress fractureOttawa knee rules: The Ottawa Knee Rules are a set of rules used to help physicians determine whether an x-ray of the knee is needed.http://www.Ergogenic use of anabolic steroidsWorkraveIrina Khazova: Russia}}Anterior cruciate ligament reconstructionArc Trainer: The Arc Trainer is a stationary, non-impact exercise machine, and is a registered trademark of Cybex International, Inc. The Arc Trainer is manufactured in Owatonna MN.Annual Fitness Test: In the British Army, the Annual Fitness Test is designed to assess soldiers' lower and upper body strength and endurance. The test was formally known as the Combat Fitness Test - and is still colloquially known by soldiers as the CFT.Weightlifting at the 2000 Summer Olympics – Men's 62 kg: The Men's Featherweight Weightlifting Event (– 62 kg) is the second men's weight class event at the weightlifting competition, limiting competitors to a maximum of 62 kilograms of body mass. The competition took place on 2000-09-17 in the Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre and was the first weightlifting event to conclude at the 2000 Summer Olympics.SprainAmy PetersonMillennium PeopleAntenor Orrego Private UniversityTreadmill: A treadmill is a device generally for walking or running while staying in the same place. Treadmills were introduced before the development of powered machines, to harness the power of animals or humans to do work, often a type of mill that was operated by a person or animal treading steps of a treadwheel to grind grain.Pars interarticularisVortex ring toyTendinitisLake MarathonMyocardial disarray: Myocardial disarray, also known as myocyte disarray, is a term to describe the loss of the normal parallel alignment of myocytes (the muscle cells of the heart). Instead, the myocytes usually form circles around foci of connective tissue.Respirometer: A respirometer is a device used to measure the rate of respiration of a living organism by measuring its rate of exchange of oxygen and/or carbon dioxide. They allow investigation into how factors such as age, chemicals or the effect of light affect the rate of respiration.Motorized wheelchair: A motorized wheelchair, powerchair, electric wheelchair or electric-powered wheelchair (EPW) is a wheelchair that is propelled by means of an electric motor rather than manual power. Motorized wheelchairs are useful for those unable to propel a manual wheelchair or who may need to use a wheelchair for distances or over terrain which would be fatiguing in a manual wheelchair.Field hockey at the All-Africa GamesDag Vidar Kristoffersen: Dag Vidar Kristoffersen (born 1957 in Drammen) is a Norwegian football coach, best known for his time in Strømsgodset where he led the team to two silver medals in the Norwegian Football Cup and bronze medals in the Tippeligaen. Kristoffersen is a former football and bandy player, having represented Drafn in both sports.Mechanochemistry: Mechanochemistry or mechanical chemistry is the coupling of mechanical and chemical phenomena on a molecular scale and includes mechanical breakage, chemical behaviour of mechanically stressed solids (e.g.Cigarette smoking among college students: The rates of college students smoking in the United States have fluctuated for the past twenty years. Majority of lifelong smokers begin smoking habits before the age of 24, which makes the college years a crucial time in the study of cigarette consumption.Maladaptation: A maladaptation () is a trait that is (or has become) more harmful than helpful, in contrast with an adaptation, which is more helpful than harmful. All organisms, from bacteria to humans, display maladaptive and adaptive traits.Myokine: A myokine is one of several hundred cytokines or other small proteins (~5–20 kDa) and proteoglycan peptides that are produced and released by muscle cells (myocytes) in response to muscular contractions.Bente Klarlund Pedersen , Thorbjörn C.Automated ECG interpretation: Automated ECG interpretation is the use of artificial intelligence and pattern recognition software and knowledge bases to carry out automatically the interpretation, test reporting, and computer-aided diagnosis of electrocardiogram tracings obtained usually from a patient.ArthroscopyFull-body CT scan: A full-body scan is a scan of the patient's entire body as part of the diagnosis or treatment of illnesses. If computed tomography (CAT) scan technology is used, it is known as a full-body CT scan, though many medical imaging technologies can perform full-body scans.Groin: In human anatomy, the groin (the adjective is inguinal, as in inguinal canal) is the junctional area (also known as the inguinal region) between the abdomen and the thighon either side of the pubic bone. This is also known as the medial compartment of the thigh that consists of the adductor muscles of the hip or the groin muscles.Strike Bowling Bar: Strike Bowling Bar is an Australian-based company that owns and operates a portfolio of twelve bowling alleys along the Eastern Seaboard of Australia. Strike Bowling is currently Australia's largest privately owned bowling chain.Mercian Way: The Mercian Way is a long cycle path that runs from Salisbury in Wiltshire to Chester in Cheshire. Operated by Sustrans, it is part of National Cycle Route 45, but is also well used by walkers.Drug test: A drug test is a technical analysis of a biological specimen, for example urine, hair, blood, breath, sweat, or oral fluid/saliva—to determine the presence or absence of specified parent drugs or their metabolites. Major applications of drug testing include detection of the presence of performance enhancing steroids in sport, employers screening for drugs prohibited by law (such as cannabis, cocaine and heroin) and police officers testing for the presence and concentration of alcohol (ethanol) in the blood commonly referred to as BAC (blood alcohol content).Biceps femoris tendon avulsion: The biceps femoris is commonly injured in sports that require explosive bending of the knee as seen in sprinting. If the athlete is fatigued or has not warmed up properly he/she may suffer a hamstring strain/rupture, which is the tearing of the hamstring muscle.Shoulder arthritis: Shoulder arthritis can be one of three types of arthritis in the glenohumeral joint of the shoulder. The glenohumeral joint is a ball and socket joint, which relies on cartilage to move smoothly and to operate normally.Henry Beighton: Henry Beighton (c. 20 August 1687 – 9 October 1743) was an English engineer and surveyor.Respiratory compensation: Respiratory compensation is a mechanism by which plasma pH can be altered by varying the respiratory rate. It is faster than renal compensation, but has less ability to restore normal values.Mouthguard: A mouthguard is a protective device for the mouth that covers the teeth and gums to prevent and reduce injury to the teeth, arches, lips and gums. A mouthguard is most often used to prevent injury in contact sports, as a treatment for bruxism or TMD, or as part of certain dental procedures, such as tooth bleaching.Dental subluxation: Dental subluxation is a traumatic injury in which the tooth has increased mobility (i.e.Concentric hypertrophy: Concentric hypertrophy is a hypertrophic growth of a hollow organ without overall enlargement, in which the walls of the organ are thickened and its capacity or volume is diminished.Eating Disorder Inventory: The Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) is a self-report questionnaire used to assess the presence of eating disorders, (a) Anorexia Nervosa both restricting and binge-eating/purging type; (b) Bulimia Nervosa; and (c) Eating disorder not otherwise specified including Binge Eating Disorder (BED). The original questionnaire consisted of 64 questions, divided into eight subscales.Boxing at the All-Africa Games: BrazzavilleOsteochondrosisInterbeat interval: Interbeat interval is a scientific term used in the study of the mammalian heart.Rupture of membranes: Rupture of membranes (ROM) or amniorrhexis is a term used during pregnancy to describe a rupture of the amniotic sac. Normally, it occurs spontaneously at full term either during or at the beginning of labor.Osgood–Schlatter disease

(1/470) Palmar pressure distribution during push-up exercise.

INTRODUCTION: Doing repetitive push-ups is among the most common exercise for the upper body and shoulder stabiliser muscle strength training. However, adverse effects such as neck pain, back pain, palmar pain and wrist pain have been reported. To date, to our knowledge, palmar pressure when performing push-ups has not been previously reported. We hypothesised that various hand positions during push-ups may provide different palmar pressures. METHODS: Bilateral palmar pressures were recorded in ten individual volunteers. All the subjects were set up for doing push-ups in five positions of the hand. Peak palmar pressure was recorded by Emed pressure platform system (Novel GmBH, Munich, Germany). The palm was divided into the following five anatomic regions, viz. thenar, lunate, hypothenar, metacarpals and fingers. Statistical comparison between the five positions of the hand was analysed using the analysis of variance test. RESULTS: A distribution of the mean peak pressure of the lunate and hypothenar areas were relatively higher than the other areas in both standby and full-elbow flexion positions. At the palmar position 30 cm wider than the shoulder width, the palmar pressure revealed significantly higher peak pressure in the lunate area in the standby and fully-flexed elbow positions (p-value is less than 0.05). At the palmar position 10 cm narrower than the shoulder width, palmar pressure showed significantly higher peak pressure in the hypothenar area only in the fully-flexed elbow position. CONCLUSION: The information regarding palmar pressures while performing push-ups in different hand positions may be used as a guideline for exercise modification, especially in injured athletes.  (+info)

(2/470) Effect of local cold-pack application on systemic anabolic and inflammatory response to sprint-interval training: a prospective comparative trial.

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(3/470) Case report: absent C6 cervical pedicle in a collegiate football player.

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(4/470) Prevalence of the female athlete triad in high school athletes and sedentary students.

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(5/470) Force variability during isometric wrist flexion in highly skilled and sedentary individuals.

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(6/470) Free leptin index and thyroid function in male highly trained athletes.

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(7/470) Nutrient intake and blood iron status of male collegiate soccer players.

The purpose of this study was: 1) to collect baseline data on nutrient intake in order to advise athletes about nutrition practices that might enhance performance, and 2) to evaluate the dietary iron intake and blood iron status of Japanese collegiate soccer players. The subjects were 31 soccer players and 15 controls. Dietary information was obtained with a food frequency questionnaire. The mean carbohydrate (6.9 g.kg-1 BW) and protein (1.3 g/kg) intakes of the soccer players were marginal in comparisons with recommended targets. The mean intakes of calcium, magnesium, vitamin A, B1, B2, and C were lower than the respective Japanese recommended dietary allowances (RDAs) or adequate dietary intakes in the soccer players. The mean intakes of green and other vegetables, milk and dairy products, fruits, and eggs were lower than the recommended targets. Thus, we recommended athletes to increase the intake of these foodstuffs along with slight increase in carbohydrate and lean meat. The mean intake of iron was higher than the respective RDA in the soccer players. A high prevalence of hemolysis (71%) in the soccer players was found. None of the soccer players and controls had anemia. Two soccer players had iron depletion, while none was found in the controls. In those players who had iron deficiency, the training load need to be lowered and/or iron intake may be increased.  (+info)

(8/470) Athletic participation and seatbelt omission among u.s. High school students.

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young athletes


  • Away from the track, the Penn Relays allows its young athletes the chance to leave a mark on the event, in more than a clocked time or a crater in the sand. (philly.com)
  • It's helpful to coach young athletes to not only withstand, but to dominate each and every physical interaction with their opponents. (theprovince.com)

commitment


  • The Vancouver Sun recognizes the dedicated effort and commitment to the sport that elite athletes choose to make and reward those that compete at the Vancouver Sun Run. (vancouversun.com)

coach


  • Today, they run, play football, compete in gymnastics and coach other Special Olympics athletes. (specialolympics.org)

injury


  • Preparing athletes with effective strategies for explosive power, core stability, dynamic balance and leverage optimization will go a long way toward improving performance outcomes and reducing the risk of injury during competition. (theprovince.com)

Artists


  • Lawler House Art Gallery is hosting "Artists and Athletes" a Gala for our non-profit organization scheduled for September 19, 2014 at the Blue Victorian Winery. (brownpapertickets.com)
  • The "Artists and Athletes" evening and auction has many needs. (brownpapertickets.com)
  • This year's Venice Biennale features installations by artists Allora and Calzadilla, who recruited U.S. Olympic athletes to become part of the exhibit. (pbs.org)