Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Asia, Southeastern: The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.Asia, Central: The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)Asia, Western: The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Far East: A geographic area of east and southeast Asia encompassing CHINA; HONG KONG; JAPAN; KOREA; MACAO; MONGOLIA; and TAIWAN.AfricaOceania: The islands of the central and South Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia. (Random House Dictionary, 2d ed)Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Pacific Islands: The islands of the Pacific Ocean divided into MICRONESIA; MELANESIA; and POLYNESIA (including NEW ZEALAND). The collective name Oceania includes the aforenamed islands, adding AUSTRALIA; NEW ZEALAND; and the Malay Archipelago (INDONESIA). (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p910, 880)Americas: The general name for NORTH AMERICA; CENTRAL AMERICA; and SOUTH AMERICA unspecified or combined.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Thailand: Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Australasia: Australia, New Zealand and neighboring islands in the South Pacific Ocean. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)EuropeChromosomes, Human, Y: The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.Asia, Northern: A subregion of Asia, consisting of the Asian portion of Russia.UzbekistanGenetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Siberia: A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.South AmericaLaosNorth AmericaSequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Myanmar: A republic of southeast Asia, northwest of Thailand, long familiar as Burma. Its capital is Yangon, formerly Rangoon. Inhabited by people of Mongolian stock and probably of Tibetan origin, by the 3d century A.D. it was settled by Hindus. The modern Burmese state was founded in the 18th century but was in conflict with the British during the 19th century. Made a crown colony of Great Britain in 1937, it was granted independence in 1947. In 1989 it became Myanmar. The name comes from myanma, meaning the strong, as applied to the Burmese people themselves. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p192 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p367)China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Mongolia: The country is bordered by RUSSIA on the north and CHINA on the west, south, and east. The capita is Ulaanbaatar.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Indonesia: A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.KyrgyzstanArchaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.IndiaDeveloping Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.VietnamHuman Migration: Periodic movement of human settlement from one geographical location to another.Asian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.Geological Processes: Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.KazakhstanPolynesia: The collective name for the islands of the central Pacific Ocean, including the Austral Islands, Cook Islands, Easter Island, HAWAII; NEW ZEALAND; Phoenix Islands, PITCAIRN ISLAND; SAMOA; TONGA; Tuamotu Archipelago, Wake Island, and Wallis and Futuna Islands. Polynesians are of the Caucasoid race, but many are of mixed origin. Polynesia is from the Greek poly, many + nesos, island, with reference to the many islands in the group. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p966 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p426)Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus: The type species of APHTHOVIRUS, causing FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE in cloven-hoofed animals. Several different serotypes exist.Africa, Northern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.CambodiaFossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Chikungunya virus: A species of ALPHAVIRUS causing an acute dengue-like fever.Latin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).Borneo: An island in the Malay Archipelago, east of Sumatra, north of Java, and west of Celebes. It is the third largest island in the world. Its name is a Portuguese alteration of BRUNEI, located on it. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p163; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p73)Foot-and-Mouth DiseaseEncephalitis, Japanese: A mosquito-borne encephalitis caused by the Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE) occurring throughout Eastern Asia and Australia. The majority of infections occur in children and are subclinical or have features limited to transient fever and gastrointestinal symptoms. Inflammation of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges may occur and lead to transient or permanent neurologic deficits (including a POLIOMYELITIS-like presentation); SEIZURES; COMA; and death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p751; Lancet 1998 Apr 11;351(9109):1094-7)Influenza in Birds: Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.Melanesia: The collective name for the islands of the Pacific Ocean northeast of Australia, including NEW CALEDONIA; VANUATU; New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, Admiralty Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, FIJI, etc. Melanesia (from the Greek melas, black + nesos, island) is so called from the black color of the natives who are generally considered to be descended originally from the Negroid Papuans and the Polynesians or Malays. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p748 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p344)Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Burkholderia pseudomallei: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that causes MELIOIDOSIS. It has been isolated from soil and water in tropical regions, particularly Southeast Asia.Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Melioidosis: A disease of humans and animals that resembles GLANDERS. It is caused by BURKHOLDERIA PSEUDOMALLEI and may range from a dormant infection to a condition that causes multiple abscesses, pneumonia, and bacteremia.PhilippinesSri LankaPakistanSingaporeGene Pool: The total genetic information possessed by the reproductive members of a POPULATION of sexually reproducing organisms.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Encephalitis Virus, Japanese: A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiological agent of Japanese encephalitis found in Asia, southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.Alphavirus Infections: Virus diseases caused by members of the ALPHAVIRUS genus of the family TOGAVIRIDAE.Gene Flow: The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.Bacteriophage T4: Virulent bacteriophage and type species of the genus T4-like phages, in the family MYOVIRIDAE. It infects E. coli and is the best known of the T-even phages. Its virion contains linear double-stranded DNA, terminally redundant and circularly permuted.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Hominidae: Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Dengue: An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.

*  Central Asia

... on RT. Find and read the latest news and articles on RT web site. Follow us on social networks. ... Russia is ready to supply about $1.2 billion worth of weapons and military equipment to the Central Asian nation of Tajikistan ... Communist Party lawmakers have asked the government to introduce a visa regime with former Soviet republics in Central Asia, ...
https://rt.com/tags/central-asia/

*  All-New Asia

... Song Saa Private Island, Cambodia - Its 25 villas fall into three categories-Rainforest, Beach and Overwater-and ... Song Saa Private Island, Cambodia - Located in what is being pegged as the next Asian Riviera-the largely undeveloped KohRong ...
https://yahoo.com/news/photos/asia-slideshow-042527011/asia-photo-042527704.html?ref=gs

*  Daybreak Asia

... that gives Asian listeners an informative start to their day. Join Host Les Carpenter and the Daybreak team for perspectives ... Daybreak Asia is a 30-minute news and interview program, ... Daybreak Asia is a 30-minute news and interview program, that ... gives Asian listeners an informative start to their day. Join Host Les Carpenter and the Daybreak team for perspectives from ...
https://voanews.com/a/2240720.html

*  Asia | Asia Times

Asia Times staff) 26-09-2017 10:00. Starbucks announced that it has introduced Alipay to more than 2,800 of its stores (Asia ... The Asian Development Bank raised its outlook for China's economic growth this year on the back of strong domestic consumption ... Top insurance regulator says it will treat all market entrants and insurance firms fairly (Asia Times staff) ... China's A-share market has more than doubled its total funds raised via IPOs (Asia Times staff) ...
atimes.com/tag/asia/

*  trees | Asia Times

Asia Times and Reuters) 18-09-2017 16:10. How to keep calm when everyone is shouting 'fascist'? The shrillness of much of our ... Asia Times staff) 18-09-2017 10:13. North Korea's nuclear threat looms large this week over the annual gathering of world ... Asia Times staff) 18-09-2017 10:20. Ten steel giants sign US$22.93 billion in debt-to-equity agreements. ( ... ZhongAn aims to raise up to US$1.5 billion in Hong Kong public offering (Asia Times staff) ...
atimes.com/tag/trees/

*  Taste of Asia

... This is bound to be a fun event!. The setting is a market somewhere in Asia full of Asian inspired beverages and ... Taste of Asia. ONLINE SALES HAVE ENDED. TICKETS AVAILABLE AT THE DOOR TONIGHT! 6 PM to 10 PM. 1785 National Avenue. at the San ...
https://brownpapertickets.com/event/370678

*  Paraguay | Asia Times

Cost-performance ratio of electric cars will outperform fuel cars by 2025 at latest (Asia Times staff) ... Property curb crackdown in eight cities meant to stabilise market, analysts say (Asia Times staff) ... Can Asia-Pacific multi-lateral trade survive without the US?. 22-09-2017 07:10. ... Q3 reports show 937 publicly listed firms in good form (Asia Times staff) ...
atimes.com/tag/paraguay/

*  pregnancy | Asia Times

Asian shares advanced to a decade high on Monday, while US oil futures jumped to hover near a six-month top as escalating ... A noted Asian American educator says critics on both sides of the debate over affirmative action policies at US universities ... China's 'Engel's coefficient' reaches 30.1%, close to the well-off line set by the UN (Asia Times staff) ... China bets on yuan-denominated crude oil futures; Venezuela offers to trade oil in yuan (Asia Times staff) ...
atimes.com/tag/pregnancy/

*  Southeast Asia | Britannica.com

Vast region of Asia situated east of the Indian subcontinent and south of China. It consists of two dissimilar portions: a ... history (in history of Southeast Asia) *physical geography (in Asia (continent): Southeast Asia) (in Southeast Asia: Geology ... Southeast Asia, vast region of Asia situated east of the Indian subcontinent and south of China. It consists of two dissimilar ... country of East Asia. It is the largest of all Asian countries and has the largest population of any country in the world. ...
https://britannica.com/place/Southeast-Asia

*  Asia TV Schedule - CNN

View the TV schedule for CNN shows and programs in Asia. ...
edition.cnn.com/tv/schedule/asia

*  Charting Asia | Silver Comex

Published 12:51 AM ET Tue, 10 May 2011 ...
https://cnbc.com/id/42967318

*  Bank Indonesia | Asia Times

Reuters and Asia Times) 19-10-2017 13:56. The ongoing trial of two women accused of killing North Korean leader Kim Jong-un's ... Search engine giant Baidu is planning to release a fully self-driving bus in China next year (Asia Times staff) ... Opinion // New Zealand PM change another nip in the bud of Asia-Pacific trade (Giovanni Di Lieto) ... Chinese cross-border tourists are maintaining a healthy appetite for Hong Kong and Macau (Asia Times staff) ...
atimes.com/tag/bank-indonesia/

*  Home | Greenpeace East Asia

Greenpeace East Asia represents the organization in Hong Kong, China Mainland, Taiwan and Korea. Greenpeace exists because this ...
greenpeace.org/eastasia/?osindex=1&page=422

*  Middle East | Asia Times

Nine Guangdong-based companies earned more than 100 billion yuan in revenue last year (Asia Times staff) ... LeSports controller Jia Yueting has signed an equity transfer agreement with new investors (Asia Time staff) ... Private equity funds in China net a first, break 10 trillion yuan barrier (Asia Times staff) ... Shenzhen Stock Exchange stands firm over delisting of Shenzhen Xindu Hotel shares (Asia Times staff) ...
atimes.com/tag/middle-east/

*  Bangladesh | Asia Society

The leading force in forging closer ties between Asia and the West through arts, education, policy and business outreach. ... This page displays all Asia Society content on Bangladesh in reverse chronological order. ... Contributing writer Matthew Fennell caught up with Asia Society Korea's Young Joon (YJ) Kim to discuss the work of the Asian ... Lucid Dreams and Distant Visions: South Asian Art in the Diaspora' is on view now at Asia Society New York. ...
https://asiasociety.org/countries-regions/bangladesh

*  Oceania | Asia Society

The leading force in forging closer ties between Asia and the West through arts, education, policy and business outreach. ... This page displays all Asia Society content on Oceania in reverse chronological order. ... The diverse and rich cuisine and culture of Asia at the Asian Eats food festival ... Addressing Asia Society in Canberra, Japanese Prime Minister says his country is keen to promote shared norms for trade in the ...
asiasociety.org/countries-regions/oceania?page=3

*  Brunei | Asia Society

The leading force in forging closer ties between Asia and the West through arts, education, policy and business outreach. ... This page displays all Asia Society content on Brunei in reverse chronological order. ... An in-depth examination into the Southeast Asian digital domain, including the ASEAN (the Association of Southeast Asia Nations ... Asia Society takes no institutional position on policy issues and has no affiliation with any government. All views expressed ...
https://asiasociety.org/countries-regions/brunei

*  Oceania | Asia Society

The leading force in forging closer ties between Asia and the West through arts, education, policy and business outreach. ... This page displays all Asia Society content on Oceania in reverse chronological order. ... Shom Sen, a former Wadsworth Fellow with the Asia Society Policy Institute, assesses major developments in Asia-Pacific trade ... "Because the Asia-Pacific region looms as being the strategic cockpit of the 21st century, we need more robust institutions than ...
asiasociety.org/countries-regions/oceania?page=1

*  SE Asia

Southeastern Asia. Lightning over Asia. This video was taken by the crew of Expedition 45 on board the International Space ... Pass over Southeastern Asia This video over Southeastern Asia was taken by the crew of Expedition 29 on board the International ... Pass over Eastern Asia to Philippine Sea and Guam This pass begins over Mongolia, looking out west towards the Pacific Ocean, ... The sequence of shots was taken on September 14, 2015 from 16:58:00 to 17:21:07 GMT, on a pass over eastern Asia at night. This ...
https://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/Videos/CrewEarthObservationsVideos/SEAsia.htm

*  Asia TERRA Orbit Tracks

Go to NPP ASIA Space Science and Engineering Center (SSEC). Terra Orbit Tracks Asia * October_15,2017 ( Day 2017288 ). * ... Asia' Orbit Track Archive Updated Wed Oct 18 17:55:45 UTC 2017 by SSEC .. Return to SSEC Data Center Homepage ...
ssec.wisc.edu/datacenter/terra/ASIA.html

*  Turmoil in Central Asia

Central Asia faces great instability with the impending threat of political unrest, economic downturn, and water shortages. ... The latter two countries form the foundation of the Central Asian South Asian Regional Energy Market project, providing ... Turmoil in Central Asia. Johannes F. Linn and Martha Brill Olcott Tuesday, August 12, 2008. ... Turmoil in Central Asia could have deadly consequences in Afghanistan. Regime change in either Kyrgyzstan or Tajikistan, for ...
https://brookings.edu/opinions/turmoil-in-central-asia/

*  Central Asia -- Is Change Imminent?

Central Asia experts have recently voiced a consensus view: A leadership change in the region won't translate into real changes ... Central Asia experts have recently voiced a consensus view: A leadership change in the region won't translate into real changes ... Central Asia experts have recently voiced a consensus view: A leadership change in the region won't translate into real changes ... And what happens there will affect the rest of Central Asia.. Recently, commentators have observed that a large number of young ...
https://rferl.org/a/qishoq-ovozi-central-asia-is-change-imminent/27988129.html

*  Southeastern Asia: Taiwan | Ecoregions | WWF

Southeastern Asia: Taiwan Taiwan, the largest island off the coast of China, is comprised of steep, granite mountains that rise ... The species, C. hystrix, itself is widely distributed; it extends clear across subtropical Asia as far west as Nepal. Some ... forests are widely distributed across subtropical South Asia, forming climax forest associations throughout southern China and ... overall forest zonation sequence seems to follow a pattern that re-occurs in mountain ranges throughout subtropical East Asia. ...
https://worldwildlife.org/ecoregions/im0172

*  Buddhism News - Scene Asia - WSJ

About Scene Asia Scene Asia is The Wall Street Journal's guide to food, wine, fashion, design, sports, entertainment, and the ... You can also get the latest updates from Scene on your iPhone with WSJ's Scene Asia app. ... arts in Asia. It delivers a behind-the-scenes look at the region's dynamic culture, including Q&As with filmmakers, artists and ...
https://blogs.wsj.com/scene/tag/buddhism/

*  Asia - Rivers | continent | Britannica.com

Asia is a land of great rivers. The Ob, Irtysh, Yenisey with the Angara, Lena (with the waters of the Aldan and the Vilyuy), ... Asia - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). A land of extremes and contrasts, Asia is the largest and the most populous ... Asia - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11). Asia is the largest and most populated continent. It has nearly one-third of the ... Asia is a land of great rivers. The Ob, Irtysh, Yenisey with the Angara, Lena (with the waters of the Aldan and the Vilyuy), ...
https://britannica.com/place/Asia/Rivers

Miss Asia Pacific 2005Microhyla berdmoreiMECACAR: Operation MECACAR (currently known as MECACAR New Millennium) is a multi-national immunization program launched in 1995 by the World Health Organization to coordinate polio vaccination efforts (currently it is also used to coordinated measles and rubella vaccination efforts). The name of the operation was derived from the names of the regions participating in the operation: Eastern Mediterranean, Caucasus, Central Asian Republics and Russia.Salvia nemorosa: Salvia nemorosa (woodland sage, Balkan clary) is a hardy herbaceous perennial plant native to a wide area of central Europe and Western Asia.Far East Movement discography: The discography of Far East Movement, an American electronic pop rap group, consists of four studio albums, four extended plays, four mixtapes, eighteen singles (including three as featured artists) and thirty-three music videos. The group formed in 2003 in Los Angeles and released their first mixtape, Audio-Bio, in 2005, with their first studio album Folk Music following in 2006.MIM Pan-African Malaria Conference 2009January 2007 in Oceania: __NOTOC__Health geography: Health geography is the application of geographical information, perspectives, and methods to the study of health, disease, and health care.Branching order of bacterial phyla (Gupta, 2001): There are several models of the Branching order of bacterial phyla, one of these was proposed in 2001 by Gupta based on conserved indels or protein, termed "protein signatures", an alternative approach to molecular phylogeny. Some problematic exceptions and conflicts are present to these conserved indels, however, they are in agreement with several groupings of classes and phyla.Pacific Islands Families Study: The Pacific Islands Families Study is a long-running, cohort study of 1398 children (and their parents) of Pacific Islands origin born in Auckland, New Zealand during the year 2000.Timeline of historic inventionsWat Chiang ManList of countries that regulate the immigration of felons: This is a list of countries that regulate the immigration of felons.Genetic variation: right|thumbExtra (gum): Extra is a brand of sugarfree chewing gum produced by the Wrigley Company in North America, Europe, and some parts of Africa and Australasia.GA²LENIxodes persulcatus: Ixodes persulcatus, the taiga tick, is a species of hard-bodied tick distributed from Europe through central and northern Asia to the People’s Republic of China and Japan. The sexual dimorphism of the species is marked, the male being much smaller than the female.Iran–Uzbekistan relations: Iran–Uzbekistan relations refers to the diplomatic relations between the two Middle-eastern countries, Uzbekistan and Iran, which have deep cultural and historical ties between them. Both countries are members of the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO).Panmixia: Panmixia (or panmixis) means random mating.King C and Stanfield W.Haplogroup L0 (mtDNA)Indigenous peoples of SiberiaUtiaritichthys: Utiaritichthys is a genus of serrasalmid found in the Amazon and Orinoco basins in tropical South America.Health in Laos: Healthcare in Laos was poor in the early 1990s. Although diets are not grossly inadequate, chronic moderate vitamin and protein deficiencies are common, particularly among upland ethnic groups.American Medical Student AssociationDNA sequencer: A DNA sequencer is a scientific instrument used to automate the DNA sequencing process. Given a sample of DNA, a DNA sequencer is used to determine the order of the four bases: G (guanine), C (cytosine), A (adenine) and T (thymine).List of hospitals in Mandalay: This is a list of hospitals in Mandalay, Myanmar.Layout of the Port of Tianjin: The Port of Tianjin is divided into nine areas: the three core (“Tianjin Xingang”) areas of Beijiang, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway; the Haihe area along the river; the Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary; the Dagukou port area in the estuary of the Haihe River; and three areas under construction (Hanggu, Gaoshaling, Nangang).Water supply and sanitation in the Palestinian territories: Water supply and sanitation in the Palestinian territories are characterized by severe water shortage and are highly influenced by the Israeli occupation. The water resources of Palestine are fully controlled by Israel and the division of groundwater is subject to provisions in the Oslo II Accord.Outer Mongolia: Outer Mongolia (Mongolian: [Gadagadu Monggol] in Mongolian script, and [Gadaad Mongol] in Mongolian Cyrillic; )Huhbator Borjigin. 2004.Carte Jaune: The Carte Jaune or Yellow Card is an international certificate of vaccination (ICV). It is issued by the World Health Organisation.Indonesia Trading Company: Indonesia Trading Company or ITC, known in Indonesia as PT Perusahaan Perdagangan Indonesia (Persero) or PPI, is the only Indonesian state-owned trading house. Its business is in export, import and distribution.India–Kyrgyzstan relations: India-Kyrgyzstan relations is the relation between India and Kyrgyzstan.Computational archaeology: Computational archaeology describes computer-based analytical methods for the study of long-term human behaviour and behavioural evolution. As with other sub-disciplines that have prefixed 'computational' to their name (e.Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical UniversityLucas paradox: In economics, the Lucas paradox or the Lucas puzzle is the observation that capital does not flow from developed countries to developing countries despite the fact that developing countries have lower levels of capital per worker.}}Institut Pasteur in Ho Chi Minh City: The Institut Pasteur in Ho Chi Minh City is a Vietnamese national institute initially created by the French in 1891 under the name Pasteur Institute - Sai Gon, in 1975 renamed the Institute of Epidemiology, and in 1991 given the current name.Makonde language: millionWeathering: Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, biota and waters. Weathering occurs in situ, roughly translated to: "with no movement" , and thus should not be confused with erosion, which involves the movement of rocks and minerals by agents such as water, ice, snow, wind, waves and gravity and then being transported and deposited in other locations.India–Kazakhstan relations: Indian–Kazakhstani relations are foreign relations between India and Kazakhstan. Diplomatic relations have increased in significance in the 21st century after initially remaining passive in the 1990s.Manuae (Cook Islands): Manuae is an uninhabited atoll in the southern group of the Cook Islands, 100 kilometres south-east of Aitutaki. It is administratively part of Aitutaki, but does not belong to any district or tapere of Aitutaki.Foot-and-mouth disease virus: The foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is the pathogen that causes foot-and-mouth disease. It is a picornavirus, the prototypical member of the Aphthovirus genus.List of rivers in Western Sahara: This is a list of rivers in Western Sahara. This list is arranged north to south by drainage basin, with respective tributaries indented under each larger stream's name.Yamtuan Besar: Yamtuan Besar, also known as Yang di-Pertuan Besar, is the royal title of the ruler of the Malaysian state of Negeri Sembilan. The ruler of Negeri Sembilan is selected by a council of ruling chiefs in the state, or the datuk-datuk undang.Coles PhillipsPhnom Tamao Wildlife Rescue Centre: Phnom Tamao Wildlife Rescue Centre (PTWRC) is a wildlife centre located roughly by road south of Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The centre was established in 1995 and with an area of over 6,000 acres of protected regenerating forest, this is the largest zoo in Cambodia.Large ornamented Ediacaran microfossil: Large ornamented Ediacaran microfossils (LOEMs) are microscopic acritarchs, usually over 100 μm in diameter, which are common in sediments of the Ediacaran period, . They largely disappear from the Ediacaran fossil record before , roughly coeval with the origin of the Ediacara biota.Liliana Rojas-Suarez: Liliana Rojas-Suarez is a Peruvian-born economist, specializing in financial regulatory policy and the impact of global capital flows on development, especially in Latin American countries. She is currently a senior fellow at the Center for Global Development and serves as the chair of the Latin-American Shadow Financial Regulatory Committee (CLAAF).Deforestation in Borneo: Borneo, the third largest island in the world, divided between Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei, was once covered with dense rainforests, but along with its tropical lowland and highland forests, there has been extensive deforestation since the 1960s, as the native economies of the region experienced rapid industrialisation. In the 1980s and 1990s the forests of Borneo underwent a dramatic transition.Foot-and-mouth disease: (ILDS B08.820)Influenza A virus subtype H5N1: Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, also known as A(H5N1) or simply H5N1, is a subtype of the influenza A virus which can cause illness in humans and many other animal species. A bird-adapted strain of H5N1, called HPAI A(H5N1) for highly pathogenic avian influenza virus of type A of subtype H5N1, is the highly pathogenic causative agent of H5N1 flu, commonly known as avian influenza ("bird flu").British Solomon Islands Protectorate Defence Force: The British Solomon Islands Protectorate Defence Force (BSIPDF) was the British colonial military force of the British Solomon Islands Protectorate (1889-1978). The Solomon Islands has not had military forces since it achieved independence from Britain in 1976.Molecular evolution: Molecular evolution is a change in the sequence composition of cellular molecules such as DNA, RNA, and proteins across generations. The field of molecular evolution uses principles of evolutionary biology and population genetics to explain patterns in these changes.Global spread of H5N1 in 2006: The global spread of (highly pathogenic) H5N1 in birds is considered a significant pandemic threat.National Outbreak Reporting System: ==The National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS)==MelioidosisPhoenix Petroleum Philippines, Inc.: Phoenix}}List of Sri Lankan Moors: This is a List of Sri Lankan Moors, Arab traders who settled in Sri Lanka between the 8th and 15th centuries and now comprise 8% of the Sri Lankan population. They speak Tamil and Sinhalese and mainly live around the coastal areas of the island.Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi: The Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH) in Karachi, established in 1985, is the primary teaching site of the Aga Khan University’s (AKU) Faculty of Health Sciences. Founded by His Highness the Aga Khan, the hospital provides a broad range of secondary and tertiary care, including diagnosis of disease and team management of patient care.Tan Tock Seng HospitalGene pool: The gene pool is the set of all genes, or genetic information, in any population, usually of a particular species.International Network of Prison Ministries: The International Network of Prison Ministries (INPM) is a Dallas, Texas based crime prevention and rehabilitation trans-national organization. INPM functions through a website that serves as a clearinghouse for information about various Christian prison ministries.List of mystery diseases: A mystery disease is a disease that has not yet been identified. Reasons for lack of identification of etiology include lack of professional interest, difficult access, and lack of resources, in addition to being unknown to medicine.Alphavirus infection: Alphavirus infection may be caused by a Sindbis virus infection, and result in a cutaneous eruption of multiple, erythematous, 4- to 4-mm papules.Microsatellite: A microsatellite is a tract of repetitive DNA in which certain DNA motifs (ranging in length from 2–5 base pairs) are repeated, typically 5-50 times. Microsatellites occur at thousands of locations in the human genome and they are notable for their high mutation rate and high diversity in the population.Nippleus Erectus: Nippleus Erectus was a drummer of GWAR (played by former White Cross member Rob Mosby), who did all the drumming for Hell-O. He is also credited for the drums on Scumdogs of the Universe, though it was Jizmak Da Gusha who played them.Dengue fever outbreaks

(1/2333) Vitamin D status in different subgroups of British Asians.

To assess the effect of religious dietary practices and social customs on the vitamin D status of Asian immigrants, we kept records of the dietary intake and time spent out of doors of 81 Ugandan Asian men, women, and girls (9-19 years old). Sera were analysed for 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25-OHD3), and 28% of the subjects were found to have levels below the lower limit of normal. The (vegetarian) Hindus had the lowest dietary intakes, least time out of doors, and lowest serum 25-OHD3. The Goan (Roman Catholic) Asians, despite more pigmentation, had 25-OHD3 levels similar to those found among indigenous British people and had the most satisfactory vitamin D intakes. Among Asians, whose exposure to sunlight may be limited, dietary vitamin D becomes the major determinant of serum 25-OHD3.  (+info)

(2/2333) Novel endotheliotropic herpesviruses fatal for Asian and African elephants.

A highly fatal hemorrhagic disease has been identified in 10 young Asian and African elephants at North American zoos. In the affected animals there was ultrastructural evidence for herpesvirus-like particles in endothelial cells of the heart, liver, and tongue. Consensus primer polymerase chain reaction combined with sequencing yielded molecular evidence that confirmed the presence of two novel but related herpesviruses associated with the disease, one in Asian elephants and another in African elephants. Otherwise healthy African elephants with external herpetic lesions yielded herpesvirus sequences identical to that found in Asian elephants with endothelial disease. This finding suggests that the Asian elephant deaths were caused by cross-species infection with a herpesvirus that is naturally latent in, but normally not lethal to, African elephants. A reciprocal relationship may exist for the African elephant disease.  (+info)

(3/2333) Obstetric and neonatal outcome following chronic hypertension in pregnancy among different ethnic groups.

We retrospectively studied pre-eclampsia rate and obstetric outcome in a cohort of 436 pregnancies amongst 318 women of different ethnic backgrounds attending an antenatal hypertension clinic from 1980-1997, identifying 152 women (213 pregnancies) with chronic essential hypertension. The ethnic breakdown was: White, 64 (30.0%) pregnancies in 48 (31.5%) women; Black/Afro-Caribbean, 79 (37.1%) pregnancies in 56 (36.8%) women; and Indo-Asians, 70 (32.3%) pregnancies in 48 (31.6%) women. The prevalences of pre-eclampsia in White, Black and Indo-Asian women were 17.2%, 12.7% and 18.6%, respectively (p = 0.58). Pregnancies of Indo-Asian women were of shorter gestation, and babies in this group also had lower birth weight and ponderal index compared to those of White and Black women (all p < 0.05). The proportions of overall perinatal mortality were 1.6% for Whites (1/64), 3.8% for Blacks (3/79) and 10.0% for Indo-Asians (7/70), suggesting increased risk in the Indo-Asian group. Indo-Asian women with chronic essential hypertension need careful antenatal care and observation during pregnancy.  (+info)

(4/2333) Biochemical indices of osteomalacia in pregnant Asian immigrants in Britain.

Serum calcium, phosphate and alkaline phosphatase, and urinary calcium excretion were examined during the second trimester of uncomplicated normal pregnancy in Asian immigrants to Britain and in local Caucasians. The mean serum calcium was significantly lower in Asians than in Caucasians, and the mean serum alkaline phosphatase was significantly higher in Asians. The geometric mean of the urinary calcium excretion was highly significantly lower in Asians than in Caucasians. The variances of the serum calcium, serum alkaline phosphatase, and urine calcium excretion did not differ significantly in the two populations. This indicates that there is a shift in values of immigrant Asians as a group compared with Caucasians. A comparison with figures obtained on normal nonpregnant persons of both suggests that the shift is not an inherent feature of the Asian population.  (+info)

(5/2333) Biodiversity of Lactococcus garvieae strains isolated from fish in Europe, Asia, and Australia.

Lactococcus garvieae (junior synonym, Enterococcus seriolicida) is a major pathogen of fish, producing fatal septicemia among fish species living in very diverse environments. The phenotypic traits of L. garvieae strains collected from three different continents (Asia, Europe, and Australia) indicated phenotypic heterogeneity. On the basis of the acidification of D-tagatose and sucrose, three biotypes were defined. DNA relatedness values and a specific PCR assay showed that all the biotypes belonged to the same genospecies, L. garvieae. All of the L. garvieae strains were serotyped as Lancefield group N. Ribotyping proved that one clone was found both in Japan, where it probably originated, and in Italy, where it was probably imported. PCR of environmental samples did not reveal the source of the contamination of the fish in Italy. Specific clones (ribotypes) were found in outbreaks in Spain and in Italy. The L. garvieae reference strain, isolated in the United Kingdom from a cow, belonged to a unique ribotype. L. garvieae is a rising zoonotic agent. The biotyping scheme, the ribotyping analysis, and the PCR assay described in this work allowed the proper identification of L. garvieae and the description of the origin and of the source of contamination of strains involved in outbreaks or in sporadic cases.  (+info)

(6/2333) Ancestral Asian source(s) of new world Y-chromosome founder haplotypes.

Haplotypes constructed from Y-chromosome markers were used to trace the origins of Native Americans. Our sample consisted of 2,198 males from 60 global populations, including 19 Native American and 15 indigenous North Asian groups. A set of 12 biallelic polymorphisms gave rise to 14 unique Y-chromosome haplotypes that were unevenly distributed among the populations. Combining multiallelic variation at two Y-linked microsatellites (DYS19 and DXYS156Y) with the unique haplotypes results in a total of 95 combination haplotypes. Contra previous findings based on Y- chromosome data, our new results suggest the possibility of more than one Native American paternal founder haplotype. We postulate that, of the nine unique haplotypes found in Native Americans, haplotypes 1C and 1F are the best candidates for major New World founder haplotypes, whereas haplotypes 1B, 1I, and 1U may either be founder haplotypes and/or have arrived in the New World via recent admixture. Two of the other four haplotypes (YAP+ haplotypes 4 and 5) are probably present because of post-Columbian admixture, whereas haplotype 1G may have originated in the New World, and the Old World source of the final New World haplotype (1D) remains unresolved. The contrasting distribution patterns of the two major candidate founder haplotypes in Asia and the New World, as well as the results of a nested cladistic analysis, suggest the possibility of more than one paternal migration from the general region of Lake Baikal to the Americas.  (+info)

(7/2333) The transmyocardial laser revascularization international registry report.

AIMS: This report aimed to provide an analysis of the data submitted from Europe and Asia on transmyocardial laser revascularization. METHODS AND RESULTS: Prospective data was recorded on 967 patients with intractable angina not amenable to conventional revascularization in 21 European and Asian centres performing transmyocardial laser revascularization using the PLC Medical Systems CO2 laser. Patient characteristics, operative details and early complications following transmyocardial laser revascularization were recorded. The in-hospital death rate was 9.7% (95% confidence interval 7.8% to 11.6%). Other early complications were consistent with similar cardiothoracic surgical procedures. There was a decrease of two or more Canadian Cardiovascular Score angina classes in 47.3%, 45.4% and 34.0% of survivors at 3, 6 and 12 months follow-up, respectively (P=0.001 for each). Treadmill exercise time increased by 42 s at 3 months (P=0.008), 1 min 43 s at 6 months (P<0.001) and 1 min 50 s at 12 months (P<0.001) against pre-operative times of 6 min. CONCLUSION: Uncontrolled registry data suggest that transmyocardial laser revascularization may lead to a decrease in angina and improved exercise tolerance. It does, however, have a risk of peri-operative morbidity and mortality. Definitive results from randomized controlled trials are awaited.  (+info)

(8/2333) Molecular evolution of swine vesicular disease virus.

Phylogenetic analysis was used to examine the evolutionary relationships within a group of coxsackie B viruses that contained representatives of the major serotypes of this group and 45 isolates of swine vesicular disease virus (SVDV) from Asia and Europe. Separate analyses of sequence data from two regions of the viral genomes encoding the VP1 and 3BC genes both revealed that the SVDV belonged to a single monophyletic group which could be clearly distinguished from all other sampled coxsackieviruses. Regression analysis revealed that within the SVDV clade at least 80% of the synonymous variation in evolutionary divergence between isolates was explained by time, indicating the existence of an approximate molecular clock. Calibration of this clock according to synonymous substitutions per year indicated the date of occurrence of a common ancestor for the SVDV clade to be between 1945 and 1965.  (+info)



Western Asia


  • This is the archive for NEP-CWA , a report on new working papers in the area of Central & Western Asia. (repec.org)

Europe


  • Haplogroup T, initially known as K2 and defined by mutation M70, is found at variable frequencies across West Asia, Africa, and Europe. (blogspot.com)