Arabs: Members of a Semitic people inhabiting the Arabian peninsula or other countries of the Middle East and North Africa. The term may be used with reference to ancient, medieval, or modern ethnic or cultural groups. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)United Arab Emirates: A federation of seven states on the southeast portion of the Arabian peninsula: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Qaiwain. In 1820 a treaty of peace was concluded between Great Britain and native rulers. During the 19th century the rulers agreed to suppression of the slave trade and restriction of foreign relations to Great Britain. The Trucial Council was established in 1952 and defense treaties with Great Britain terminated. In 1971 an independent six-member federation was formed, with Ras al-Khaimah joining the federation in 1972. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1250)Arab World: A historical and cultural entity dispersed across a wide geographical area under the administrative, intellectual, social, and cultural domination of the Arab empire. The Arab world, under the impetus of Islam, by the eighth century A.D., extended from Arabia in the Middle East to all of northern Africa, southern Spain, Sardinia, and Sicily. Close contact was maintained with Greek and Jewish culture. While the principal service of the Arabs to medicine was the preservation of Greek culture, the Arabs themselves were the originators of algebra, chemistry, geology, and many of the refinements of civilization. (From A. Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed, p260; from F. H. Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p126)Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)IsraelKuwaitJews: An ethnic group with historical ties to the land of ISRAEL and the religion of JUDAISM.QatarIslam: A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.SyriaSaudi ArabiaOman: A sultanate on the southeast coast of the Arabian peninsula. Its capital is Masqat. Before the 16th century it was ruled by independent emirs but was captured and controlled by the Portuguese 1508-1648. In 1741 it was recovered by a descendent of Yemen's imam. After its decline in the 19th century, it became virtually a political and economic dependency within the British Government of India, retaining close ties with Great Britain by treaty from 1939 to 1970 when it achieved autonomy. The name was recorded by Pliny in the 1st century A.D. as Omana, said to be derived from the founder of the state, Oman ben Ibrahim al-Khalil. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p890; Oman Embassy, Washington; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)LebanonBahrain: An independent state, an archipelago in the western Persian Gulf, northwest of Qatar. It comprises low-lying islands of Bahrain (the largest), Muharraq, Sitra, and several islets. It has extensive oil fields. The name comes from the Arabic al-bahrayn, "the two seas", with reference to its lying in the middle of a bay with its "two seas" east and west of it. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p107 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p45)YemenJordanConsanguinity: The magnitude of INBREEDING in humans.IraqArabinose

*  As Arabs protest, U.S. speaks up

The Obama administration is openly supporting the anti-government demonstrations shaking the Arab Middle East, a stance that is ... As Arabs protest, U.S. speaks up. An anti-government protester and a policeman confront each other in Cairo, where hundreds ... Polls show U.S. popularity rising in many Arab countries since Obama took office and falling in a smaller number of others. ... The president is also less reluctant to inject the United States into the Arab Middle East after two years of speaking directly ...
washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/01/26/AR2011012608075.html

*  Arab Spring : NPR

Arab Spring
npr.org/tags/135954202/arab-spring/archive?date=12-31-2004

*  Engineers Geoscientists Manitoba Arab Chapter

Welcome to the Arab Engineers Chapter of the Engineers Geoscientists. Manitoba.. We look forward to working together, building ...
https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSeduP2JUyAjJYqWZCDF8iWM7UblhGQrJtSORT306eNutmexmw/viewform?c=0&w=1&usp=send_form

*  Burj Al Arab | Najib Nasreddine | Flickr

Taken on October 21, 2011 ...
https://flickr.com/photos/62945176@N02/6266548983/in/pool-1595870@N20/

*  Listen To Arab Voices (washingtonpost.com)

The report, authored by a group of prominent Arab intellectuals (many of whom embraced Arab nationalism and Arab socialism in ... Listen To Arab Voices. By Marina Ottaway. Tuesday, April 5, 2005; Page A23 The third Arab Human Development Report, finally ... Political reform pushed by Washington is second best for these Arab reformers; working with Arab reformers who criticize the ... Arab governments also come in for pointed criticism in the report, but concern about their reaction was not the cause of the ...
washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A26528-2005Apr4.html

*  Sunni Arabs in Iraq Protest Provisional Election Results

Tens of thousands of Sunni Arabs demonstrated in Baghdad Friday to protest what they said were flawed December 15 parliamentary ...
https://voanews.com/a/a-13-2005-12-24-voa1-66910782/263109.html

*  Israel and Arabs Quarrel Over 3 Unusual Hostages - NYTimes.com

Israel and Arabs Quarrel Over 3 Unusual Hostages. By CLYDE HABERMAN, Published: January 8, 1995. ... The Israeliwas a settler, Ofra Felix, 20, who was riding with her brother-in-law and his two small children when Arab gunmen ...
nytimes.com/1995/01/08/world/israel-and-arabs-quarrel-over-3-unusual-hostages.html?pagewanted=2&src=pm

*  Opinion | Arab News

Get the latest breaking news and headlines from the largest Arab News website. Get world news, sport news, business news, ... The Arab world: A perspective from Britain. Stephan Shakespeare , Sunday 24 September 2017. ... The media role in Brits' bad attitude toward the Arab world. Sharif Nashashibi , Monday 25 September 2017. ... 50 years on, stereotypes of Arab world still linger. Chris Doyle , Sunday 24 September 2017. ...
arabnews.com/opinion/columns/article574347.ece?comments=all

*  Stepffh | Arab News

55% of Brits support racial profiling of Muslims: Arab News/YouGov poll ...
arabnews.com/stepffh-1

*  Amid revolution, Arab cartoonists are drawing attention

Many Arab countries, especially Egypt and Francophone Arab nations, have had a rich comics literary culture since 1960,' he ... Amid revolution, Arab cartoonists are drawing attention. By Michael Cavna. Washington Post Staff Writer. Sunday, March 6, 2011 ... The book is testament not only to the power of King's message, Ziada says, but also to the popularity of cartooning in the Arab ... And she is just one of many Arab comic publishers and cartoonists who believe passionately that their work can help inform, ...
washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/03/06/AR2011030602980_pf.html

*  Point of No Return: Jewish Refugees from Arab Countries: Remembering refugees:rebuttal to Sigal Samuel

The Jewish leadership accepted the resolution, but the Palestinian and Arab leadership did not, which they had a right to do. What they did not have a right to do was attack the nascent Jewish state with the objective - as they acknowledged at the time - of initiating a 'war of extermination.' The result was, therefore, a double Nakba: not only of Palestinian-Arab suffering and the creation of a Palestinian refugee problem, but also, with the assault on Israel and on Jews in Arab countries, the creation of a second, much less known, group of refugees - Jewish refugees from Arab countries ...
jewishrefugees.blogspot.com/2014/07/remembering-refugeesrebuttal-to-sigal.html

*  Arab Media LAB // News

Marrakech. http://www.riadelfenn.com/. Arab stereotypes in western Media Lecture: Much of the perception of Arabs in the West is based on illusion. The Western media has largely created the false, illusory images of Arabs. Numerous leading media organizations, film producers, journalists and TV hosts have been openly hostile to Arabs. It is clear that the stereotypes of the Arabs is not just the result of the news, but of a continued habit on the part of Hollywood to present them as villains, terrorists, and bad people. It is a greater problem with Western society; the tendency to make bold assumptions about an entire race of people and present these people not as rounded and developed characters or - real- people, but instead as one of many negative images; the gun-toting terrorist, the evil camel-riding sheik, or the oppressive man lording over a woman. In the seminar, we will discuss the development of this stereotype, starting form the ...
arabmedialab.org

*  Insignificant Breakthroughs

The bill declares in Article 1 that its purpose is to "regulate land ownership in the Negev regarding ownership claims filed by the Negev Bedouin population" and also "to facilitate the development of the Negev for the benefit of all of its inhabitants, including making possible a solution for settling the Negev Bedouin population". In practice, the draft bill outlines a framework to expedite procedures to enforce government policies regarding the Bedouin Arab population in the Negev on two parallel issues. The first issue is the evacuation of the unrecognized villages in the Negev, with the bill founded on the assumption that the residents of the unrecognized villages are squatters lacking any rights to the land, and therefore must be evicted. The second issue is the topic of land ownership in the Negev. The underlying premise of the bill is that there is no Bedouin land ownership at all in the Negev. Therefore, the arrangement it proposes is ex gratia. ...
insignificantbreakthroughs.blogspot.com

*  Insignificant Breakthroughs: 2016

The bill declares in Article 1 that its purpose is to "regulate land ownership in the Negev regarding ownership claims filed by the Negev Bedouin population" and also "to facilitate the development of the Negev for the benefit of all of its inhabitants, including making possible a solution for settling the Negev Bedouin population". In practice, the draft bill outlines a framework to expedite procedures to enforce government policies regarding the Bedouin Arab population in the Negev on two parallel issues. The first issue is the evacuation of the unrecognized villages in the Negev, with the bill founded on the assumption that the residents of the unrecognized villages are squatters lacking any rights to the land, and therefore must be evicted. The second issue is the topic of land ownership in the Negev. The underlying premise of the bill is that there is no Bedouin land ownership at all in the Negev. Therefore, the arrangement it proposes is ex gratia. ...
insignificantbreakthroughs.blogspot.com/2016/

*  Insignificant Breakthroughs: August 2016

The bill declares in Article 1 that its purpose is to "regulate land ownership in the Negev regarding ownership claims filed by the Negev Bedouin population" and also "to facilitate the development of the Negev for the benefit of all of its inhabitants, including making possible a solution for settling the Negev Bedouin population". In practice, the draft bill outlines a framework to expedite procedures to enforce government policies regarding the Bedouin Arab population in the Negev on two parallel issues. The first issue is the evacuation of the unrecognized villages in the Negev, with the bill founded on the assumption that the residents of the unrecognized villages are squatters lacking any rights to the land, and therefore must be evicted. The second issue is the topic of land ownership in the Negev. The underlying premise of the bill is that there is no Bedouin land ownership at all in the Negev. Therefore, the arrangement it proposes is ex gratia. ...
insignificantbreakthroughs.blogspot.com/2016/08/

*  DV) El-Amine: The Making of the Arab Menace

Anti-Arabism and Islamophobia are so much a part of the political and cultural discourse on Arabs and Muslims in American society today that most do not even recognize it as racism. The fear mongering of the Bush administration and the right wing media pundits who make a living from demonizing Arabs and Muslims have inundated people with images of the violent Arabs bent on death and destruction. For media outlets like Fox Television, it is a way to sell their sensationalist news programs and for the current administration, a way to sell its wars. The green menace has replaced the red menace, and the evil empire of the cold war has become the less eloquent, but just as deadly, evil doers of the Arab and Muslim world. People like Daniel Pipes and Bernard Lewis, who have a long history of anti-Muslim and anti-Arab sentiments, have been elevated from their illegitimate positions of Middle East experts to foreign policy advisors ...
dissidentvoice.org/Apr05/ElAmine0429.htm

*  My Right Word: Seven US Factors 1947

1) In Palestine, which now contains 1,250,000 Arabs and 600,000 Jews, neither group shall dominate the other. Palestine should be neither a Jewish State nor an Arab State, but the people of Palestine should be granted full independence as soon as practicable in one or more states in which the form of government will satisfy as nearly as possible the national aspirations of both Jews and Arabs. Accomplishment of such a solution through a workable partition of Palestine, with the exception of the Holy Places, into an Arab State, which might join a neighboring Arab State, and a Jewish State, in control of its own immigration and economic policies, could be supported by the United States. Pending full independence, Palestine would enjoy partial self-government under United Nations trusteeship ...
myrightword.blogspot.co.il/2015/11/seven-us-factors-1947.html

*  PaulaSchmitt: How Can Palestinians Endure That Daily Humiliation - I Wouldn't Be So Gandhi

I was baffled. I laid my camera bag on the ground and asked her to explain what was going on. She told me that she worked at a Jerusalem hospital (Hadassah, I think) and that every week, in order to help provide some work to a poor Palestinian family, she would go around the hospital collecting uniforms from nurses and doctors, would put them in those two big bags, would drag those bags across the wall and take them to be washed in Palestine. The family who owned the laundry survived from those weekly batches of uniforms and would have no means of sustenance otherwise. ...
paulaschmitt.blogspot.co.il/2014/07/how-can-palestinians-endure-that-daily.html

*  State Dept: U.S. Supports Palestinian Unity Government

State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki tentatively approved of Palestine's new unity government Monday, saying "Based on what we know now, we intend to work with this government.". "But," Psaki continued, "we'll be watching closely to ensure that it upholds the principles that President Abbas reiterated today.". Asked if this means that the U.S. will continue to provide aid to the Palestinian government, she replied "It does. But we will continue to evaluate the composition and policies of the new government and calibrate our approach accordingly.". Abbas swore in new government ministers Monday, and promised to support several peace principles, including recognizing Israel.. This position is in conflict with the official stance in Jerusalem, which outright rejects the new Palestinian leadership because Hamas remains committed to destroying Israel and is a designated terrorist organization in Israel, the U.S. and the EU.. According to Reuters:. ...
freebeacon.com/national-security/state-dept-u-s-supports-palestinian-unity-government/

*  Brandis out of step with international consensus on East Jerusalem

Under questioning at a Senate estimates hearing, federal attorney-general George Brandis revealed that the Abbott government does not consider East Jerusalem to be
theconversation.com/brandis-out-of-step-with-international-consensus-on-east-jerusalem-27689

*  An Arab Woman Blues - Reflections in a sealed bottle...: September 2008

Native Americans lived for scores of years in Chicago, on the shores of Lake Michigan...They lived peacefully until the year 1673 when a traveler and mapmaker by the name of Louis Joliet, accompanied by a French Jesuit monk named Jacques Marquette "discovered" Chicago. Soon thousands of colonists descended upon it just like ants on a pot of honey. During the hundred ensuing years the while colonists waged horrific genocidal wars, in the course of which they killed anywhere from five to twelve million Native Americans throughout North America. Anyone reading American history must pause at this paradox: the white colonists who killed millions of Indians and stole their lands and other possessions were, at the same time, extremely religious Christians. But this paradox is resolved once we learn about the prevalent views in that era. Many white colonists believed that " American Indians," even though they were, somehow, God's creatures, were not created in the spirit of Christ but rather in another ...
arabwomanblues.blogspot.ch/2008_09_01_archive.html

*  An Arab Woman Blues - Reflections in a sealed bottle...: May 2008

We have reached a catastrophic situation in Iraq where poor Iraqis sell their organs to survive, says a renal surgeon at Karama Hospital, requesting anonymity for security reasons. In one side we are happy to know that we are saving lives, however, it is hard to know that it is for money and not for love of fellow humans, he added. I was once forced to refuse to operate on a kid after I found out that the donor, a 12-years-old child, was being forced by his father who had sold his son's kidney for $4,000 dollars. Local police have reported discovering many dead bodies lacking kidney or corneas. Investigations have shown that a mafia is working with help from some doctors who take out such organs from recently killed civilians ...
arabwomanblues.blogspot.ch/2008_05_01_archive.html

*  An Arab Woman Blues - Reflections in a sealed bottle...: November 2006

You feel queasy at the sight of blood . Yes I know that. Even the blood you watch on your TV screen when you get back home safely in the evenings is censored so as not to disturb your sensitivities. You don't see limbs , bowels, and brains blown away, you are really cared for and so protected . And if per chance you come across such scenes, you conveniently zap or ask your kids to run upstairs. You don't want them traumatized . Yes violence is bad for you ...
arabwomanblues.blogspot.ch/2006_11_01_archive.html

*  An Arab Woman Blues - Reflections in a sealed bottle...: August 2007

He said to the effect : " We would go around searching for insurgents. We arrive at a house. The men are usually not there. It takes about half an hour to bring the whole thing down. I was asked time and time again to wait outside the house. After we stormed in and ransacked the place, the seniors would go in. And we were left outside to guard the place. They would spend from 1 to 2. hours and we would hear screams inside. We could hear the women screaming. We asked no questions ...
arabwomanblues.blogspot.ch/2007_08_01_archive.html

*  An Arab Woman Blues - Reflections in a sealed bottle...: March 2007

What we do have is a growing body of eyewitness testimonies from Iraqis asserting the presence of members of one or other militia group. Such assertions are blown out of all proportion within the mainstream western media by writers who have never seriously questioned the role of US military-intelligence advisors in orchestrating the death squads despite a barrage of evidence. The views of journalists who take this line can be discarded as trash, but not those of the Iraqis, who, undoubtedly, genuinely see the involvement of both Badr and Mehdi militiamen. The problem with such testimonies is not in their credibility but in their ability to perceive the structures and follow the chains of command of the various armed groups that are assaulting them. ...
arabwomanblues.blogspot.ch/2007_03_01_archive.html

*  Sharon: No right of return for Arabs - tribunedigital-chicagotribune

Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon threw a U.S.-backed peace plan into doubt Tuesday, saying the Palestinians must drop their demand for Arab refugees' 'right of return' to Israel if negotiations
articles.chicagotribune.com/2003-05-07/news/0305070268_1_provisional-palestinian-state-palestinian-policy-mohammad-dahlan

*  BBC NEWS | In pictures: Christian Peacemakers, Hebron, Occupation

For the CPT, contacts with local Palestinians are crucial. Often local Palestinians will report vandalism by the Jewish settlers which the organisation documents. Israeli human rights groups say Israeli military curbs on Palestinians in Hebron and harassment from settlers have forced thousands to leave homes and close businesses.. The CPT says the Israeli occupation is "violent", and that reconciliation between Palestinians and Israelis can only flourish when the occupation ends ...
news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/07/middle_east_christian_peacemakers0_hebron/html/6.stm

*  Arab Summit Abruptly Falls Apart Over Regional Strife - latimes

The government late Saturday night abruptly called off a summit of the Arab League even as leaders poured into this seaside city, a last-minute cancellation that threw in stark relief the acrimony
articles.latimes.com/2004/mar/28/world/fg-summit28

*  Samer al-Issawi | Palestinian hunger strike

Hundreds of Palestinian security prisoners in Israeli jails have refused meals in solidarity with four hunger-striking detainees.
brisbanetimes.com.au/world/palestinian-prisoners-join-hunger-strikers-20130220-2eqpg.html

*  Homepage - US Campaign for Palestinian Rights

US Campaign for Palestinian Rights, USCPR, is a national coalition of hundreds of groups working together for freedom, justice, and equality.
endtheoccupation.org

*  THE ASTUTE BLOGGERS: 9/22/13 - 9/29/13

To understand the mind-boggling scope of Oslo's failure, it is best to look at the statistics. According to the organization B'Tselem, during the first Palestinian intifada in 1987, six years before Mr. Rabin's attempt to recast the archterrorist Yasir Arafat as a peacemaker, 160 Israelis were murdered in Palestinian terror attacks. In the mid- to late-1990s, as successive Israeli governments negotiated with the Palestinians, and Mr. Arafat and his cronies repeatedly swore they were doing their utmost to end terrorism, 240 Israelis were brutally killed as suicide bombs and other heinous terrorist acts targeting unarmed civilians were unleashed in every corner of our nation ...
astuteblogger.blogspot.com/2013_09_22_archive.html

*  Jews and Arabs refuse to be enemies

Israeli's and Palestinians are taking to social media to show their desire for an end to the bloodiest conflict between the two warring nations in 15 years.
smh.com.au/world/jews-and-arabs-refuse-to-be-enemies-20140723-zw7q0

*  Fire at Arab Group Offices in Capital Deliberately Set - latimes

A fire that caused $60,000 damage to the offices of the United Palestinian Appeal was deliberately set, officials said Tuesday. There were no injuries reported in the fire
articles.latimes.com/1986-06-18/news/mn-11115_1_fire-deliberately-set

*  NAD | Negotiations Affairs Department

Highlights Israeli settler-colonial policies in occupied East Jerusalem towards creating a Jewish majority in the city and reducing the visibility, if not the demographic ratio, of the Palestinian ...
nad-plo.org

National Arab American Medical Association: United StatesObesity in the United Arab Emirates: Obesity in the United Arab Emirates is a growing health concern with health officials stating that obesity is one of the leading causes of preventable deaths in the United Arab Emirates. According to Forbes, United Arab Emirates ranks 18 on a 2007 list of fattest countries with a percentage of 68.Joseph Bismuth: Joseph Roger Bismuth (born 1926) is a Jewish Tunisian businessman and senator. He was elected into the newly formed upper chamber, the Chamber of Advisors in July 2005 and is the only Jewish elected legislator in the Arab world.Water supply and sanitation in the Palestinian territories: Water supply and sanitation in the Palestinian territories are characterized by severe water shortage and are highly influenced by the Israeli occupation. The water resources of Palestine are fully controlled by Israel and the division of groundwater is subject to provisions in the Oslo II Accord.Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center: Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center (commonly referred to as Ichilov Hospital) is the main hospital serving Tel Aviv, Israel, and its metropolitan area. It is the third-largest hospital complex in the country.Index of Kuwait-related articles: This page list topics related to Kuwait.Jewish Community Council of Victoria: The Jewish Community Council of Victoria Inc (JCCV) is the peak representative body for Victorian Jewry, representing nearly 60 Jewish community organisations and over 52,000 Victorian Jews. The JCCV’s mission is to represent the Victorian Jewish community, the largest Jewish community in Australia, on all matters that affect its status, welfare and interests.Qatar Petroleum: US$ 51.6 billion (2011)Kazi Nazrul IslamChina–Syria relations: China–Syria relations are foreign relations between China and Syria. Diplomatic relations between both countries were established on August 1, 1956.Educational technology in Saudi ArabiaEnergy in Oman: Energy in Oman describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Oman. Energy policy of Oman will describe the energy policy in the politics of Oman more in detail.Beit Beirut: Beit Beirut (; literally "the house of Beirut") is a museum and urban cultural center that was scheduled to open in 2013 in Beirut's Ashrafieh neighborhood. The cultural center is in the restored Barakat building, also known as the "Yellow house", a historic landmark designed by Youssef Aftimus.List of companies of Bahrain: This is a list of notable companies based in Bahrain, grouped by their Industry Classification Benchmark sector.List of birds of Yemen: This is a list of the bird species recorded in Yemen. The avifauna of Yemen include a total of 432 species, of which thirteen are endemic, two have been introduced by humans and twenty-five are rare or accidental.List of hospitals in Jordan: This is a list of hospitals in Jordan. (sorted by hospital name)Cousin couple: A cousin couple is a pair of cousins who are involved in a romantic or sexual relationship.Damage to Baghdad during the Iraq War: The city of Baghdad suffered significant damage during the Iraq War.L-arabinose operon: The -arabinose operon, also called the ara or araBAD operon, is an operon that encodes enzymes needed for the catabolism of arabinose in Escherichia coli. It has both positive and negative regulation and is activated allosterically.

(1/471) Mutation and haplotype studies of familial Mediterranean fever reveal new ancestral relationships and evidence for a high carrier frequency with reduced penetrance in the Ashkenazi Jewish population.

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a recessive disorder characterized by episodes of fever with serositis or synovitis. The FMF gene (MEFV) was cloned recently, and four missense mutations were identified. Here we present data from non-Ashkenazi Jewish and Arab patients in whom we had not originally found mutations and from a new, more ethnically diverse panel. Among 90 symptomatic mutation-positive individuals, 11 mutations accounted for 79% of carrier chromosomes. Of the two mutations that are novel, one alters the same residue (680) as a previously known mutation, and the other (P369S) is located in exon 3. Consistent with another recent report, the E148Q mutation was observed in patients of several ethnicities and on multiple microsatellite haplotypes, but haplotype data indicate an ancestral relationships between non-Jewish Italian and Ashkenazi Jewish patients with FMF and other affected populations. Among approximately 200 anonymous Ashkenazi Jewish DNA samples, the MEFV carrier frequency was 21%, with E148Q the most common mutation. Several lines of evidence indicate reduced penetrance among Ashkenazi Jews, especially for E148Q, P369S, and K695R. Nevertheless, E148Q helps account for recessive inheritance in an Ashkenazi family previously reported as an unusual case of dominantly inherited FMF. The presence of three frequent MEFV mutations in multiple Mediterranean populations strongly suggests a heterozygote advantage in this geographic region.  (+info)

(2/471) Ethnicity, nationality and health care accessibility in Kuwait: a study of hospital emergency room users.

In mid-1994, non-Kuwaiti expatriates constituted 61.7% of the total population of Kuwait (1.75 million). Despite this numerical majority, non-Kuwaitis exist as a social minority. Non-Kuwaitis may be grouped into three broad categories along ethnic/nationality lines into Bidoon (without nationality), Arabs, and Asians. The objective of this paper was to compare the relative accessibility of the various groups to health care services in Kuwait. The study is based on data collected as part of a survey of 2184 Emergency Room (ER) users in January-February 1993. All patients attending the hospital ERs between 7:30 am and 9:00 pm were interviewed about their reasons for coming to the ER instead of going to the primary health care (PHC) centres, as required. The major reason given was low accessibility of the PHCs. Compared to Kuwaiti nationals, 92% of whom were registered at the PHC centres, only 62% of the Arabs and 39% of the Asians were registered. Multiple logistic regression of the factors in registration indicated that nationality was the most important reason for lack of registration, with Asians only about one-quarter as likely to be registered as Kuwaitis. Also, people who had been in Kuwait for shorter durations (< 5 years) were less likely to be registered than the Kuwaiti nationals or expatriates who had been here for 10 years or longer. In the absence of registration at the PHC centre, the civil identification card (ID) may be used as a valid means to enter the health system. Among the Arabs and Asians, 22% and 29% did not have a civil ID card. Thus, for many expatriates, the hospital ER, which does not provide the necessary follow-up care is often the only source of health care available.  (+info)

(3/471) The human platelet alphaIIb gene is not closely linked to its integrin partner beta3.

alphaIIbb3 integrin is a heterodimeric receptor facilitating platelet aggregation. Both genes are on chromosome 17q21.32. Intergenic distance between them has been reported to be 125 to 260 kilobasepairs (kb) by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) genomic analysis, suggesting that they may be regulated coordinately during megakaryopoiesis. In contrast, other studies suggest these genes are greater than 2.0 megabasepairs (mb) apart. Because of the potential biological implications of having these two megakaryocytic-specific genes contiguous, we attempted to resolve this discrepancy. Taking advantage of large kindreds with mutations in either alphaIIb or beta3, we have developed a genetic linkage map between the thyroid receptor hormone-1 gene (THRA1) and beta3 as follows: cen-THRA1-BRCA1-D17S579/alphaIIb-beta3-qte r, with a distance of 1.3 centiMorgans (cM) between alphaIIb and beta3 and the two genes being oriented in the same direction. PFGE genomic and YAC clone analysis showed that the beta3 gene is distal and >/=365 kb upstream of alphaIIb. Additional restriction mapping shows alphaIIb is linked to the erythrocyte band 3 (EPB3) gene, and beta3 to the homeobox HOX2b gene. Analysis of alphaIIb(+)-BAC and P1 clones confirm that the EPB3 gene is approximately 110 kb downstream of the alphaIIb gene. Sequencing the region surrounding the human alphaIIb locus showed the Granulin gene approximately 18 kb downstream to alphaIIb, and the KIAA0553 gene approximately 5.7 kb upstream. This organization is conserved in the murine sequence. These studies show that alphaIIb and beta3 are not closely linked, with alphaIIb flanked by nonmegakaryocytic genes, and imply that they are unlikely to share common regulatory domains during megakaryopoiesis.  (+info)

(4/471) Primary hyperoxaluria type I: a model for multiple mutations in a monogenic disease within a distinct ethnic group.

Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 is an autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disease in which excessive oxalates are formed by the liver and excreted by the kidneys, causing a wide spectrum of phenotypes ranging from renal failure in infancy to mere renal stones in late adulthood. Mutations in the AGXT gene, encoding the liver-specific enzyme alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase, are responsible for the disease. Seven mutations were detected in eight families in Israel. Four of these mutations are novel and three occur in children living in single-clan villages. The mutations are scattered along various exons (1, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10), and on different alleles comprising at least five different haplotypes. All but one of the mutations are in a homozygous pattern, reflecting the high rate of consanguinity in our patient population. Two affected brothers are homozygous for two different mutations expressed on the same allele. The patients comprise a distinct ethnic group (Israeli Arabs) residing in a confined geographic area. These results, which are supported by previous data, suggest for the first time that the phenomenon of multiple mutations in a relatively closed isolate is common and almost exclusive to the Israeli-Arab population. Potential mechanisms including selective advantage to heterozygotes, digenic inheritance, and the recent emergence of multiple mutations are discussed.  (+info)

(5/471) Giardia lamblia carriage in Israeli Bedouin infants: risk factors and consequences.

Giardiasis is a common protozoan infection, with varying clinical manifestations. We investigated the associations between Giardia lamblia carriage and environmental, family, illness, and growth characteristics. Bedouin infants (n=234) were followed from birth to age 18-23 months. At monthly home visits, stool samples were obtained, history of illness was determined, and an environmental assessment was done. The comparisons presented are between 4 groups defined by length of carriage of G. lamblia. Study children had a mean+/-SD of 4.1+/-2.9 diarrhea episodes. No illness, environmental, or family characteristics were associated with length of carriage. Significant differences were found in weight-for-age and weight-for-height z scores between the never-positive-for-G. lamblia group and all other carriage groups combined. Faltering growth was shown to be subsequent to G. lamblia infection rather than preceding it. Our findings confirm that G. lamblia carriage is not associated with diarrhea. However, the effect on growth deserves further investigation.  (+info)

(6/471) Acute otitis media caused by antibiotic-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae in southern Israel: implication for immunizing with conjugate vaccines.

The potential coverage of antibiotic-resistant pneumococci causing acute otitis media (AOM) by 7-, 9-, and 11-valent conjugate pneumococcal vaccines was studied in southern Israel. A total of 876 cases of pneumococcal AOM were studied in the context of various clinical conditions. Of the isolates, 68% were resistant to >/=1 drug, 61% were resistant to penicillin, and 13% were resistant to >/=3 antibiotic classes. Antibiotic resistance and coverage by the various candidates were age and population dependent and were higher among those with a complicated clinical course, as indicated by recent antibiotic use and recurrence of AOM. The results suggest that, if efficacious, the conjugate pneumococcal vaccines can substantially reduce the occurrence of pneumococcal AOM in general and complicated pneumococcal AOM in particular.  (+info)

(7/471) Candidate locus for a nuclear modifier gene for maternally inherited deafness.

Maternally inherited deafness associated with the A1555G mutation in the mitochondrial 12S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene appears to require additional environmental or genetic changes for phenotypic expression. Aminoglycosides have been identified as one such environmental factor. In one large Arab-Israeli pedigree with congenital hearing loss in some of the family members with the A1555G mutation and with no exposure to aminoglycosides, biochemical evidence has suggested the role of nuclear modifier gene(s), but a genomewide search has indicated the absence of a single major locus having such an effect. Thus it has been concluded that the penetrance of the mitochondrial mutation appears to depend on additive effects of several nuclear genes. We have now investigated 10 multiplex Spanish and Italian families with 35 members with the A1555G mutation and sensorineural deafness. Parametric analysis of a genomewide screen again failed to identify significant evidence for linkage to a single autosomal locus. However, nonparametric analysis supported the role of the chromosomal region around marker D8S277. The combined maximized allele-sharing LOD score of 3.1 in Arab-Israeli/Spanish/Italian families represents a highly suggestive linkage result. We suggest that this region should be considered a candidate for containing the first human nuclear modifier gene for a mitochondrial DNA disorder. The locus operates in Arab-Israeli, Spanish, and Italian families, resulting in the deafness phenotype on a background of the mitochondrial A1555G mutation. No obvious candidate genes are located in this region.  (+info)

(8/471) The impact of new immigrants from the former Soviet Union on the severity of coronary angiographic findings in a public hospital in Israel.

BACKGROUND: The arrival of 610,000 new immigrants to Israel from the former Soviet republics accounted for 58% of the population growth in the early 1990's. OBJECTIVE: To compare the coronary angiographic findings and risk factors between the new immigrants and local Jewish and Arab patients in this era of cost containment. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 550 consecutive patients--314 Jews, 95 new immigrants and 141 Arabs--were catheterized and analyzed during a 5 month period in 1995. Of this group 403 were males (73%). The mean age was 63.6 +/- 10.2 years among new immigrants, 62.4 +/- 9.4 among Jews, and 55.1 +/- 10.9 among Arabs (P < 0.05). Immigrants, including those under age 60, had the highest prevalence of multivessel disease (88.7%). Arabs had a high prevalence of single vessel disease (34.6%) and a low prevalence of multivessel (65.4%) and left main coronary disease (5.6%). Age, gender, risk factors and ethnic origin in descending order were determinants of the extent of coronary angiographic disease as revealed by multiple regression analysis. CONCLUSION: New immigrants had the most extensive angiographic coronary involvement, while Arab patients were younger and had less severe coronary artery disease. More intensive risk factor modification may have a major impact on disease progression particularly in the new immigrant subgroup.  (+info)



Emirates


  • The United Arab Emirates is a federation of seven different emirates, each with its own king (or Sheikh). (slideshare.net)
  • Abu Dhabi is the federal capital and center of government in the United Arab Emirates. (slideshare.net)
  • Dubai is one of the seven emirates that make up the Inited Arab Emirates. (slideshare.net)

protest


  • Tens of thousands of Sunni Arabs demonstrated in Baghdad Friday to protest what they said were flawed December 15 parliamentary elections. (voanews.com)

Obama


  • The Obama administration is openly supporting the anti-government demonstrations shaking the Arab Middle East, a stance that is far less tempered than the one the president has taken during past unrest in the region. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Polls show U.S. popularity rising in many Arab countries since Obama took office and falling in a smaller number of others. (washingtonpost.com)

world


  • The president is also less reluctant to inject the United States into the Arab Middle East after two years of speaking directly to the Muslim world, withdrawing U.S. forces from Iraq and supporting an Israeli-Palestinian peace process, even though it has since faltered. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Furthermore, the report exudes mistrust and hostility toward the Bush administration, doubting the sincerity of its commitment to democratization in the Arab world. (washingtonpost.com)
  • But, like the 2002 and 2003 reports, the new document will also be seized on by the Bush administration as proof that Arabs are embracing democracy and that U.S. policy in the region is helping further the will of the people, not imposing an alien system on the Arab world. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The book is testament not only to the power of King's message, Ziada says, but also to the popularity of cartooning in the Arab world, especially among the younger generation. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Powerful visual arts are really affecting on the Arabic street,' the Jordanian political cartoonist says, especially 'in a place like the Arab world, which still lacks for basic freedoms, human rights,' and where there are 'high levels of illiteracy and powerful pro-government media. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Khalid Albaih's illustrations have captured the politics of his native Sudan as well as developments across the rest of the Arab world, where his work has inspired even more tumult. (nytimes.com)
  • Khalid Albaih's cartoons have become a symbol for uprisings across the Arab world. (nytimes.com)

Israel


  • The report is critical of U.S. policies, denouncing the occupation of Iraq and the unstinting support for Israel as setbacks for Arab human development. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Mansour called 'on Arab countries which have diplomatic relations with Israel to take steps at the diplomatic level, withdrawing their ambassadors and cutting all diplomatic ties and cancelling any agreements. (rferl.org)

reform


  • Administration officials say they will pursue a dual-track approach in the coming weeks, both speaking with civil activists in Egypt and meeting with officials to encourage reform in the bellwether Arab nation. (washingtonpost.com)

countries need


  • There are no "buts" and "ifs" in the report, no claim that Arab countries need to develop their own form of democracy in keeping with the cultural specificity and conditions of the region. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Lebanese Foreign Minister Adnan Mansour said Arab countries need to demonstrate strong diplomatic resolve to back their moral support for the Palestinians in Gaza. (rferl.org)

human


  • The third Arab Human Development Report, finally released by the U.N. Development Program after a lengthy controversy, should be required reading for Bush administration officials and for anyone interested in promoting Middle East democracy. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The authors do not believe that the United States shares the Arab goal of a true political, cultural and economic renaissance leading to human development in its fullest meaning -- epanouissement is the curious term used in the report. (washingtonpost.com)

Message


  • The Tunisian flag is afixed to the middle finger, a message meant for Arab dictators. (nytimes.com)

League


  • Arab ministers have met in Cairo, agreeing to send a delegation to Gaza led by Arab League chief Nabil El-Araby. (rferl.org)
  • The Arab League chief said once it was known how many countries would send ministers, 'We will then decide when we will travel, it could be in one or two days, it has not yet been decided. (rferl.org)
  • Arab League finance leaders were holding talks Saturday to decide which political and economic sanctions to impose on the Syrian government after Damascus ignored a deadline to allow an observer mission into the country. (cbc.ca)
  • The meeting in Cairo comes after Syria missed Friday's deadline to approve entry for about 500 Arab League observers, a measure aimed at ending a violent crackdown on anti-government protesters. (cbc.ca)
  • The crackdown on dissidents is reported to be getting more brutal by the day, but President Bashar al-Assad's regime continues to defy the Arab League ultimatum. (cbc.ca)

Spring


  • The 217-member assembly, the first elected body produced by the Arab Spring, was expected to confirm a deal whereby the Islamist Ennahda party and two other parties split the country's top three jobs between themselves. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • After longtime dictator Zine el Abidine Ben Ali's ouster in January and internationally acclaimed polls on October 23, the inauguration marked yet another landmark in the Arab Spring trailblazers' democratic revolution. (telegraph.co.uk)

work


  • But to build democracy, it must work with Arab reformers, even if they remain hostile and suspicious. (washingtonpost.com)
  • And she is just one of many Arab comic publishers and cartoonists who believe passionately that their work can help inform, inflame and open the hearts and minds of their Mideast readers. (washingtonpost.com)

strong


  • The Arab ministers expressed strong support for Palestinians in Gaza and condemnation of Israeli attacks against Hamas militants and facilities that have been occurring in Gaza since November 14. (rferl.org)

different


  • A fist with different Arab flags painted on each finger. (nytimes.com)

group


  • The report, authored by a group of prominent Arab intellectuals (many of whom embraced Arab nationalism and Arab socialism in the past), represents an unambiguous embrace of liberal democratic ideals. (washingtonpost.com)

government


  • And, as they have done in the past, the report's authors and many liberal intellectuals will denounce such references as a cynical exploitation of Arab aspirations by a government that, in their eyes, has shown no regard for Arab interests. (washingtonpost.com)
  • working with Arab reformers who criticize the United States as harshly as their own government is second best for the Bush administration. (washingtonpost.com)