Arabs: Members of a Semitic people inhabiting the Arabian peninsula or other countries of the Middle East and North Africa. The term may be used with reference to ancient, medieval, or modern ethnic or cultural groups. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)United Arab Emirates: A federation of seven states on the southeast portion of the Arabian peninsula: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Qaiwain. In 1820 a treaty of peace was concluded between Great Britain and native rulers. During the 19th century the rulers agreed to suppression of the slave trade and restriction of foreign relations to Great Britain. The Trucial Council was established in 1952 and defense treaties with Great Britain terminated. In 1971 an independent six-member federation was formed, with Ras al-Khaimah joining the federation in 1972. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1250)Arab World: A historical and cultural entity dispersed across a wide geographical area under the administrative, intellectual, social, and cultural domination of the Arab empire. The Arab world, under the impetus of Islam, by the eighth century A.D., extended from Arabia in the Middle East to all of northern Africa, southern Spain, Sardinia, and Sicily. Close contact was maintained with Greek and Jewish culture. While the principal service of the Arabs to medicine was the preservation of Greek culture, the Arabs themselves were the originators of algebra, chemistry, geology, and many of the refinements of civilization. (From A. Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed, p260; from F. H. Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p126)Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)IsraelKuwaitJews: An ethnic group with historical ties to the land of ISRAEL and the religion of JUDAISM.QatarIslam: A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.SyriaSaudi ArabiaOman: A sultanate on the southeast coast of the Arabian peninsula. Its capital is Masqat. Before the 16th century it was ruled by independent emirs but was captured and controlled by the Portuguese 1508-1648. In 1741 it was recovered by a descendent of Yemen's imam. After its decline in the 19th century, it became virtually a political and economic dependency within the British Government of India, retaining close ties with Great Britain by treaty from 1939 to 1970 when it achieved autonomy. The name was recorded by Pliny in the 1st century A.D. as Omana, said to be derived from the founder of the state, Oman ben Ibrahim al-Khalil. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p890; Oman Embassy, Washington; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)LebanonBahrain: An independent state, an archipelago in the western Persian Gulf, northwest of Qatar. It comprises low-lying islands of Bahrain (the largest), Muharraq, Sitra, and several islets. It has extensive oil fields. The name comes from the Arabic al-bahrayn, "the two seas", with reference to its lying in the middle of a bay with its "two seas" east and west of it. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p107 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p45)YemenJordanConsanguinity: The magnitude of INBREEDING in humans.IraqArabinose

*  Doc's Talk: Some of Norway's Clerics Apologize, Iran's Nucs‏
The Arab Apartheid. Ben-Dror Yemini. In 1948, the Arab countries refused to accept the UN partition proposal and they launched ... The Arab communities of Hadera and Pardeis are affected also, but the Arabs don't seem to care. Regavim has taken them to court ... Using many Arab sources, he was giving us facts to counter the false Arab claims to land ownership. Unfortunately, people seem ... The recent infiltration by Arabs who shot young Noam Glick at her home in Psagot is clarified when one sees how close the Arab ...
*  Palestinian peace talks as Middle-East turns its back on Hamas | Daily Mail Online
The regional gathering is the biggest show of support yet by moderate Arab states for Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas of ...
*  Dienekes' Anthropology Blog: Y chromosomes of Bakhtiari and Arabs from Iran
Haplogroup G* (M201) was found with similar frequency in Iranian Arabs as in the Iranian groups from Tehran and Isfahan, but in ... Moreover, there is very little sharing of Y-STR haplotypes between Iranian Arabs and other groups from Iran, in contrast to the ... Haplogroup J2*(M172) was found in relatively high frequencies in the Iranian Arab and Bakhtiari groups, as well as in other ... One has to wonder how "extreme mixing" is compatible with "very little sharing of Y-STR haplotypes between Iranian Arabs and ...
*  Arab Tunisian Bank - Wikipedia
In 1952, Bourguiba permitted Shoman to open an Arab bank branch in Tunisia, as Arab Bank-Tunis. In 1982, Arab Bank changed to ... Arab Tunisian Bank (ATB) (Arabic: البنك العربي لتونس‎), a Tunisian commercial bank, was created on June 30, 1982 by the ... Tunisia's first President, Habib Bourguiba, was helped by Abdul Hameed Shoman, the founder of the Arab Bank Group in his combat ... "Arab Tunisian Bank : avis de réalisation de l'augmentation de capital (Bourse de Tunis)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF ...
*  Project MUSE - Arabs in America
The Arab community in Canada is one of the least studied ethnic groups, despite the fact that over the past three decades Arabs ... Yet while Arab American contributions to our society are significant and Arab Americans surpass the U.S. average in both ... They address both the present situation for Arab Americans and prospects for their future. Arabs in America will engage anyone ... More broadly, they examine Arab American identity, political activism, and attempts by Arab immigrants to achieve respect and ...
*  United Arab Emirates - Wiktionary
Romansch: Emirats Arabs m pl. *Russian: Объединённые Ара́бские Эмира́ты (ru) m pl (Obʺjedinjónnyje Arábskije Emiráty), ОАЭ́ (ru ... Scots: Unitit Arab Emirates. *Serbo-Croatian: Cyrillic: Уједињени Арапски Емирати m pl. Roman: Ujedinjeni Arapski Emirati (sh) ... Tajik: Аморати Муттаҳидаи Араб pl (Amorati Muttahidayi Arab). *Tatar: Берләшкән Гарәп Әмирлекләре (Berläşkän Ğaräp Ämirlekläre) ... Retrieved from "" ...
*  Arab Idol (season 2) - Wikipedia
Arab Idol (season 3). Following the huge success of the first season of Arab Idol, MBC launched the second season on 8 March ... media and was welcomed with joy by Palestinians and the rest of the Arab world. This year was a premiere since it will be the ... Ten dates were set for the auditions, which took place in 8 Arab countries (three audition dates in three different Egyptian ... The 27 contestants representing 10 Arab countries were revealed on April 6, 2013, and they are : ...
*  United Arab Emirates - France 24
The world's largest military fair is wrapping up in the United Arab Emirates. The IDEX exhibition attracts mainly African, Arab ... The United Arab Emirates orchestrated the hacking of a Qatari government news site in May, planting a false story that was used ... Dubai is perhaps best known for shopping malls and skyscrapers, but the United Arab Emirates' most populous city is also a hub ... As the foreign ministers of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Bahrain gather to discuss the next steps with ...
*  United Arab Emirates - Wikitravel
The United Arab Emirates is a modern and dynamic country. To some, it is an advanced and clean country, to others a touristy ' ... There is an impressive number of super-luxury hotels, most notably the sail-shaped Burj al-Arab (Tower of the Arabs), a Dubai ... The United Arab Emirates [1] is a federation of seven emirates on the eastern side of the Arabian peninsula, at the entrance to ... The currency is the United Arab Emirates dirham (AED, local abbreviation dhs). Conversion rates are 3.67 AED for 1 USD, 4.89 ...
*  Arabs facts, information, pictures | articles about Arabs
Make research projects and school reports about Arabs easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and ... The Arabs (rev. ed. 1985); B. Pridham, ed., The Arab Gulf and the Arab World (1988); A. Hourani, A History of the Arab Peoples ... The Arabs in the Twentieth Century. In the 20th cent., Arab leaders have attempted to form an Arab nation, which would unite ... In pre-Islamic times, and often in the Qur'an as well, the term Arab, or A'rab, was often reserved for nomadic populations. ...
*  Arab America's September 11 | The Nation
Arab Americans are experiencing something similar to McCarthy-era redbaiting, but the cold war performed better on racial ... Arab America's September 11. Arab America's September 11. Arab Americans are experiencing something similar to McCarthy-era ... Arabs, South Asians and Muslims around the country have had to deal with a series of laws, executive orders and policing ... He quit his Wall Street job last year because of all the anti-Arab and anti-Muslim invectives slung at him. He's happier now in ...
*  Breaking the Arab News - Foreign Policy
Tags: Arab World, Argument, Default, Editors Picks, Free, Media, Middle East, Middle East Poster 4, Syria, Web Exclusive ... a channel that was followed by tens of millions of Arab viewers last year at the height of the Arab uprisings and is today a ... Breaking the Arab News. Egypt made al Jazeera -- and Syria's destroying it. By Sultan Al Qassemi. , August 2, 2012, 9:58 PM. ... The looming end of Assad's Syria is yet another chapter in the transformation of the old Arab state order, which began with the ...
*  Arab League holds emergency Syria debate - CNN
The Arab League, which held an emergency meeting in Cairo on Sunday about the ongoing unrest in Syria, is considering ... The Arab League meeting comes after more than seven months of protests against the government in Syria in which the United ... The Arab League, which held an emergency meeting in Cairo on Sunday about the ongoing unrest in Syria, is considering ... The Arab League is considering suspending Syria from the body. *The Syrian ambassador blames foreign influences for the unrest ...
*  My Very Own 'Arab Spring'
However, finally and unpredictably (for much like the Arab Spring, no one could have foreseen such a chain of events), the ...
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... the most famous late 19th-century Arab trader in central and eastern Africa. His ambitious plans for state building inevitably ... forces with the Arab trader Tippu Tib, who accompanied them for a few laps downriver, then left Stanley to fight his way first ... and many Arabs resented his alliance with the Europeans against them. In April 1890 he left the Falls for the last time and ... the most famous late 19th-century Arab trader in central and eastern Africa. His ambitious plans for state building inevitably ...
*  Green Products - Fujitsu United Arab Emirates
Environmental considerations have been reflected in Fujitsu products since the 1980's, and the company's many industry firsts include the first green PC in 1993 and the first lead-free PC mainboard in 2002.
*  United Arab Emirates
The American Society for Microbiology (ASM) is the oldest and largest single life science membership organization in the world. Membership has grown from 59 scientists in 1899 to more than 39,000 members today, with more than one third located outside the United States. The members represent 26 disciplines of microbiological specialization plus a division for microbiology educators.
*  Articles about United Arab Emirates Health - latimes
Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about United Arab Emirates Health From The latimes ... The United Arab Emirates has deported 1,000 people found to have the AIDS virus since it launched a campaign to halt the ... The United Arab Emirates has deported 1,000 people found to have the AIDS virus since it launched a campaign to halt the ... The Health Ministry in the United Arab Emirates has called on Muslim clerics to help combat the spread of AIDS. "Preachers can ...
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Category:Arab Capital of Culture. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository ... Retrieved from "" ...
*  Arab Journal of Urology - Elsevier
... known as Arab J Urol) is a peer-reviewed journal that strives to provide a high standard of research and clinical... ... Peer Review under the responsibility of the Arab Association of Urology. The Arab Journal of Urology (known as Arab J Urol) is ... The Arab Journal of Urology (known as Arab J Urol) is a peer-reviewed journal that strives to provide a high standard of ... Urologists, oncologists, pathologists, radiologists and scientists are invited to submit their contributions to make the Arab ...
*  Nobel honours African, Arab women for peace | Reuters
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... with officials saying it could fast-track troop deployment and provide crucial food and water supplies to the Gulf Arab country ... In the deepest split between Arab states for decades, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Bahrain severed ... Turkey has maintained good relations with Qatar as well as several of its Gulf Arab neighbors. Turkey and Qatar have both ... with officials saying it could fast-track troop deployment and provide crucial food and water supplies to the Gulf Arab country ...
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*  Fujitsu privacy policy : Fujitsu United Arab Emirates
Fujitsu Limited and its affiliates (the 'Fujitsu Group') are committed to respecting your privacy. Fujitsu Limited plays a leading role in the Global Business Dialogue on electronic commerce ( and is actively involved in and supports current industry initiatives to preserve individual privacy rights on the Internet.

National Arab American Medical Association: United StatesObesity in the United Arab Emirates: Obesity in the United Arab Emirates is a growing health concern with health officials stating that obesity is one of the leading causes of preventable deaths in the United Arab Emirates. According to Forbes, United Arab Emirates ranks 18 on a 2007 list of fattest countries with a percentage of 68.Joseph Bismuth: Joseph Roger Bismuth (born 1926) is a Jewish Tunisian businessman and senator. He was elected into the newly formed upper chamber, the Chamber of Advisors in July 2005 and is the only Jewish elected legislator in the Arab world.Water supply and sanitation in the Palestinian territories: Water supply and sanitation in the Palestinian territories are characterized by severe water shortage and are highly influenced by the Israeli occupation. The water resources of Palestine are fully controlled by Israel and the division of groundwater is subject to provisions in the Oslo II Accord.Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center: Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center (commonly referred to as Ichilov Hospital) is the main hospital serving Tel Aviv, Israel, and its metropolitan area. It is the third-largest hospital complex in the country.Index of Kuwait-related articles: This page list topics related to Kuwait.Jewish Community Council of Victoria: The Jewish Community Council of Victoria Inc (JCCV) is the peak representative body for Victorian Jewry, representing nearly 60 Jewish community organisations and over 52,000 Victorian Jews. The JCCV’s mission is to represent the Victorian Jewish community, the largest Jewish community in Australia, on all matters that affect its status, welfare and interests.Qatar Petroleum: US$ 51.6 billion (2011)Kazi Nazrul IslamChina–Syria relations: China–Syria relations are foreign relations between China and Syria. Diplomatic relations between both countries were established on August 1, 1956.Educational technology in Saudi ArabiaEnergy in Oman: Energy in Oman describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Oman. Energy policy of Oman will describe the energy policy in the politics of Oman more in detail.Beit Beirut: Beit Beirut (; literally "the house of Beirut") is a museum and urban cultural center that was scheduled to open in 2013 in Beirut's Ashrafieh neighborhood. The cultural center is in the restored Barakat building, also known as the "Yellow house", a historic landmark designed by Youssef Aftimus.List of companies of Bahrain: This is a list of notable companies based in Bahrain, grouped by their Industry Classification Benchmark sector.List of birds of Yemen: This is a list of the bird species recorded in Yemen. The avifauna of Yemen include a total of 432 species, of which thirteen are endemic, two have been introduced by humans and twenty-five are rare or accidental.List of hospitals in Jordan: This is a list of hospitals in Jordan. (sorted by hospital name)Cousin couple: A cousin couple is a pair of cousins who are involved in a romantic or sexual relationship.Damage to Baghdad during the Iraq War: The city of Baghdad suffered significant damage during the Iraq War.L-arabinose operon: The -arabinose operon, also called the ara or araBAD operon, is an operon that encodes enzymes needed for the catabolism of arabinose in Escherichia coli. It has both positive and negative regulation and is activated allosterically.

(1/471) Mutation and haplotype studies of familial Mediterranean fever reveal new ancestral relationships and evidence for a high carrier frequency with reduced penetrance in the Ashkenazi Jewish population.

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a recessive disorder characterized by episodes of fever with serositis or synovitis. The FMF gene (MEFV) was cloned recently, and four missense mutations were identified. Here we present data from non-Ashkenazi Jewish and Arab patients in whom we had not originally found mutations and from a new, more ethnically diverse panel. Among 90 symptomatic mutation-positive individuals, 11 mutations accounted for 79% of carrier chromosomes. Of the two mutations that are novel, one alters the same residue (680) as a previously known mutation, and the other (P369S) is located in exon 3. Consistent with another recent report, the E148Q mutation was observed in patients of several ethnicities and on multiple microsatellite haplotypes, but haplotype data indicate an ancestral relationships between non-Jewish Italian and Ashkenazi Jewish patients with FMF and other affected populations. Among approximately 200 anonymous Ashkenazi Jewish DNA samples, the MEFV carrier frequency was 21%, with E148Q the most common mutation. Several lines of evidence indicate reduced penetrance among Ashkenazi Jews, especially for E148Q, P369S, and K695R. Nevertheless, E148Q helps account for recessive inheritance in an Ashkenazi family previously reported as an unusual case of dominantly inherited FMF. The presence of three frequent MEFV mutations in multiple Mediterranean populations strongly suggests a heterozygote advantage in this geographic region.  (+info)

(2/471) Ethnicity, nationality and health care accessibility in Kuwait: a study of hospital emergency room users.

In mid-1994, non-Kuwaiti expatriates constituted 61.7% of the total population of Kuwait (1.75 million). Despite this numerical majority, non-Kuwaitis exist as a social minority. Non-Kuwaitis may be grouped into three broad categories along ethnic/nationality lines into Bidoon (without nationality), Arabs, and Asians. The objective of this paper was to compare the relative accessibility of the various groups to health care services in Kuwait. The study is based on data collected as part of a survey of 2184 Emergency Room (ER) users in January-February 1993. All patients attending the hospital ERs between 7:30 am and 9:00 pm were interviewed about their reasons for coming to the ER instead of going to the primary health care (PHC) centres, as required. The major reason given was low accessibility of the PHCs. Compared to Kuwaiti nationals, 92% of whom were registered at the PHC centres, only 62% of the Arabs and 39% of the Asians were registered. Multiple logistic regression of the factors in registration indicated that nationality was the most important reason for lack of registration, with Asians only about one-quarter as likely to be registered as Kuwaitis. Also, people who had been in Kuwait for shorter durations (< 5 years) were less likely to be registered than the Kuwaiti nationals or expatriates who had been here for 10 years or longer. In the absence of registration at the PHC centre, the civil identification card (ID) may be used as a valid means to enter the health system. Among the Arabs and Asians, 22% and 29% did not have a civil ID card. Thus, for many expatriates, the hospital ER, which does not provide the necessary follow-up care is often the only source of health care available.  (+info)

(3/471) The human platelet alphaIIb gene is not closely linked to its integrin partner beta3.

alphaIIbb3 integrin is a heterodimeric receptor facilitating platelet aggregation. Both genes are on chromosome 17q21.32. Intergenic distance between them has been reported to be 125 to 260 kilobasepairs (kb) by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) genomic analysis, suggesting that they may be regulated coordinately during megakaryopoiesis. In contrast, other studies suggest these genes are greater than 2.0 megabasepairs (mb) apart. Because of the potential biological implications of having these two megakaryocytic-specific genes contiguous, we attempted to resolve this discrepancy. Taking advantage of large kindreds with mutations in either alphaIIb or beta3, we have developed a genetic linkage map between the thyroid receptor hormone-1 gene (THRA1) and beta3 as follows: cen-THRA1-BRCA1-D17S579/alphaIIb-beta3-qte r, with a distance of 1.3 centiMorgans (cM) between alphaIIb and beta3 and the two genes being oriented in the same direction. PFGE genomic and YAC clone analysis showed that the beta3 gene is distal and >/=365 kb upstream of alphaIIb. Additional restriction mapping shows alphaIIb is linked to the erythrocyte band 3 (EPB3) gene, and beta3 to the homeobox HOX2b gene. Analysis of alphaIIb(+)-BAC and P1 clones confirm that the EPB3 gene is approximately 110 kb downstream of the alphaIIb gene. Sequencing the region surrounding the human alphaIIb locus showed the Granulin gene approximately 18 kb downstream to alphaIIb, and the KIAA0553 gene approximately 5.7 kb upstream. This organization is conserved in the murine sequence. These studies show that alphaIIb and beta3 are not closely linked, with alphaIIb flanked by nonmegakaryocytic genes, and imply that they are unlikely to share common regulatory domains during megakaryopoiesis.  (+info)

(4/471) Primary hyperoxaluria type I: a model for multiple mutations in a monogenic disease within a distinct ethnic group.

Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 is an autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disease in which excessive oxalates are formed by the liver and excreted by the kidneys, causing a wide spectrum of phenotypes ranging from renal failure in infancy to mere renal stones in late adulthood. Mutations in the AGXT gene, encoding the liver-specific enzyme alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase, are responsible for the disease. Seven mutations were detected in eight families in Israel. Four of these mutations are novel and three occur in children living in single-clan villages. The mutations are scattered along various exons (1, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10), and on different alleles comprising at least five different haplotypes. All but one of the mutations are in a homozygous pattern, reflecting the high rate of consanguinity in our patient population. Two affected brothers are homozygous for two different mutations expressed on the same allele. The patients comprise a distinct ethnic group (Israeli Arabs) residing in a confined geographic area. These results, which are supported by previous data, suggest for the first time that the phenomenon of multiple mutations in a relatively closed isolate is common and almost exclusive to the Israeli-Arab population. Potential mechanisms including selective advantage to heterozygotes, digenic inheritance, and the recent emergence of multiple mutations are discussed.  (+info)

(5/471) Giardia lamblia carriage in Israeli Bedouin infants: risk factors and consequences.

Giardiasis is a common protozoan infection, with varying clinical manifestations. We investigated the associations between Giardia lamblia carriage and environmental, family, illness, and growth characteristics. Bedouin infants (n=234) were followed from birth to age 18-23 months. At monthly home visits, stool samples were obtained, history of illness was determined, and an environmental assessment was done. The comparisons presented are between 4 groups defined by length of carriage of G. lamblia. Study children had a mean+/-SD of 4.1+/-2.9 diarrhea episodes. No illness, environmental, or family characteristics were associated with length of carriage. Significant differences were found in weight-for-age and weight-for-height z scores between the never-positive-for-G. lamblia group and all other carriage groups combined. Faltering growth was shown to be subsequent to G. lamblia infection rather than preceding it. Our findings confirm that G. lamblia carriage is not associated with diarrhea. However, the effect on growth deserves further investigation.  (+info)

(6/471) Acute otitis media caused by antibiotic-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae in southern Israel: implication for immunizing with conjugate vaccines.

The potential coverage of antibiotic-resistant pneumococci causing acute otitis media (AOM) by 7-, 9-, and 11-valent conjugate pneumococcal vaccines was studied in southern Israel. A total of 876 cases of pneumococcal AOM were studied in the context of various clinical conditions. Of the isolates, 68% were resistant to >/=1 drug, 61% were resistant to penicillin, and 13% were resistant to >/=3 antibiotic classes. Antibiotic resistance and coverage by the various candidates were age and population dependent and were higher among those with a complicated clinical course, as indicated by recent antibiotic use and recurrence of AOM. The results suggest that, if efficacious, the conjugate pneumococcal vaccines can substantially reduce the occurrence of pneumococcal AOM in general and complicated pneumococcal AOM in particular.  (+info)

(7/471) Candidate locus for a nuclear modifier gene for maternally inherited deafness.

Maternally inherited deafness associated with the A1555G mutation in the mitochondrial 12S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene appears to require additional environmental or genetic changes for phenotypic expression. Aminoglycosides have been identified as one such environmental factor. In one large Arab-Israeli pedigree with congenital hearing loss in some of the family members with the A1555G mutation and with no exposure to aminoglycosides, biochemical evidence has suggested the role of nuclear modifier gene(s), but a genomewide search has indicated the absence of a single major locus having such an effect. Thus it has been concluded that the penetrance of the mitochondrial mutation appears to depend on additive effects of several nuclear genes. We have now investigated 10 multiplex Spanish and Italian families with 35 members with the A1555G mutation and sensorineural deafness. Parametric analysis of a genomewide screen again failed to identify significant evidence for linkage to a single autosomal locus. However, nonparametric analysis supported the role of the chromosomal region around marker D8S277. The combined maximized allele-sharing LOD score of 3.1 in Arab-Israeli/Spanish/Italian families represents a highly suggestive linkage result. We suggest that this region should be considered a candidate for containing the first human nuclear modifier gene for a mitochondrial DNA disorder. The locus operates in Arab-Israeli, Spanish, and Italian families, resulting in the deafness phenotype on a background of the mitochondrial A1555G mutation. No obvious candidate genes are located in this region.  (+info)

(8/471) The impact of new immigrants from the former Soviet Union on the severity of coronary angiographic findings in a public hospital in Israel.

BACKGROUND: The arrival of 610,000 new immigrants to Israel from the former Soviet republics accounted for 58% of the population growth in the early 1990's. OBJECTIVE: To compare the coronary angiographic findings and risk factors between the new immigrants and local Jewish and Arab patients in this era of cost containment. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 550 consecutive patients--314 Jews, 95 new immigrants and 141 Arabs--were catheterized and analyzed during a 5 month period in 1995. Of this group 403 were males (73%). The mean age was 63.6 +/- 10.2 years among new immigrants, 62.4 +/- 9.4 among Jews, and 55.1 +/- 10.9 among Arabs (P < 0.05). Immigrants, including those under age 60, had the highest prevalence of multivessel disease (88.7%). Arabs had a high prevalence of single vessel disease (34.6%) and a low prevalence of multivessel (65.4%) and left main coronary disease (5.6%). Age, gender, risk factors and ethnic origin in descending order were determinants of the extent of coronary angiographic disease as revealed by multiple regression analysis. CONCLUSION: New immigrants had the most extensive angiographic coronary involvement, while Arab patients were younger and had less severe coronary artery disease. More intensive risk factor modification may have a major impact on disease progression particularly in the new immigrant subgroup.  (+info)

  • Muslims
  • The contributors discuss in Detroit, a group of well-educated Jordanian men, and the Shi'a Muslims -- to illustrate the range of Arab emigre experience. (
  • Wherever Muslims went, they left elements of Arab culture along with their religion. (
  • Arabs, South Asians and Muslims around the country have had to deal with a series of laws, executive orders and policing strategies-dubbed "designer" laws by some American Muslims-that target them almost exclusively. (
  • Today the government uses both political repression and cultural fearmongering against Arabs, South Asians and Muslims in the United States. (
  • The Umayyad caliphate in Damascus derives from the early days of Islam when all Muslims are Arabs. (
  • But many Muslims in the east are now Persian, and Persian sophistication is beginning to divert Muslim culture from its simple Arab origins. (
  • Persian Muslims are as much involved in the life of this thriving place as Arab Muslims. (
  • The term Afghan Arabs (also known as Arab-Afghans) refers mostly to Arab and other Muslim Islamist mujahideen who came to Afghanistan during and following the Soviet-Afghan War to help fellow Muslims fight Soviets and pro-Soviet Afghans. (
  • One supporter of the Afghan Arabs, General Hameed Gul, the former head of the Pakistan Inter-Services Intelligence, explained the recruitment of Muslims to fight in Afghanistan this way: `We are fighting a jihad and this is the first Islamic international brigade in the modern era. (
  • Khamseh Arabs are mostly Shia Muslims but Sunni Minorities are available ,too. (
  • The majority of Marsh Arabs are Twelver Shiʿi Muslims, though in the marshes small communities of Mandaic-speaking Mandaeans (often working as boat builders and craftsmen) lived alongside them. (
  • The first form of contact between the Arab people and modern-day Pakistan originally came in 711 to Sindh, when Muhammad bin Qasim, an Arab military general, was on a quest to free Muslims and their families who had apparently been arrested by Raja Dahir's soldiers while they were returning in a merchant ship to their homes in Iraq's city of Basra from Sri Lanka. (
  • The majority of Arabs are Muslims, according the Association Culturelle des Femmes Musulmanes de Suisse A.C.F.M.S Arab community which has about 30,000 people represents only 18% of the entire Muslim community. (
  • Arabic
  • This year was a premiere since it will be the first time that there is a non-Arab/non-Arabic speaker contestant (Parwas Hussain, from the Kurdish part of Iraq ). (
  • Indian scientists brought the concept of "zero" to the Arabs, who combined it with Arabic numerals and transmitted the mathematical systems of algebra, geometry, and trigonometry to Europe. (
  • Arabic: عَرَب‎ ISO 233 'arab, Arabic pronunciation [ˈʕarab] ( listen)) are a population inhabiting the Arab world. (
  • Today, "Arab" refers to a large number of people whose native regions form the Arab world due to the spread of Arabs and the Arabic language throughout the region during the early Muslim conquests of the 7th and 8th centuries and the subsequent Arabisation of indigenous populations. (
  • Most Iranian Arabs in Khūzestān Province are bilingual, speaking Arabic as their mother tongue, and Persian as a second language. (
  • The variety of Arabic spoken in the province is Khuzestani Arabic, which is a Mesopotamian dialect shared by Arabs across the border in Iraq. (
  • Arabic: غانيون عرب‎) are Ghanaians and citizens of Arab origin or descent. (
  • While most Sudanese Arabs speak some form of Sudanese Arabic, some other Arab tribes speak different Arabic dialects like the Awadia and Fadnia tribes and Bani Arak tribes who speak Najdi Arabic and the Bani Hassan, Al-Ashraf and Rashaida who speak Hejazi Arabic. (
  • Khamseh Arabs speak a dialect of Gulf Arabic Which has a great amount of Persian words. (
  • In 2006, approximately 150,000 and accounting for less than 1.5% of the Niger's population, the Diffa Arabs are in fact the westernmost dispersion of Arabic speaking Sudanese nomads, primarily drawn from the Mahamid sub clan of Sudan and Chad. (
  • The Marsh Arabs (Arabic: عرب الأهوار‎ ʻArab al-Ahwār "Arabs of the Marshlands"), also referred to as the Maʻdān (Arabic: معدان‎ "dweller in the plains") or shroog (Arabic: شروگ‎, "those from the east") - the latter two often considered derogatory in the present day - are inhabitants of the Tigris-Euphrates marshlands in the south and east of Iraq and along the Iranian border. (
  • To this day, the shaikh of a Marsh Arab group will collect a tribute from his tribe in order to maintain the mudhif, the tribal guesthouse, which acts as the political, social, judicial and religious centre of Marsh Arabic life. (
  • British Arabs (Arabic: عرب بريطانيا‎) are citizens or residents of the United Kingdom that are of Arab ethnic, cultural and linguistic heritage or identity from Arab countries. (
  • Arabs in Turkey (Arabic: العرب في تركيا‎, Turkish: Türkiye'deki Araplar) refers to citizens and residents of Turkey who are ethnically Arab. (
  • The Arab society in Turkey is well integrated into the Turkish population, yet some speak Arabic in addition to Turkish. (
  • Arabs in Switzerland speaks Arabic as a mother tongue. (
  • tribes
  • Pre-Islamic poetry indicates that in the year 600 "Arab" referred to the Semitic-speaking tribes of the Arabian Peninsula. (
  • Arab tribes, most notably the Ghassanids and Lakhmids, begin to appear in the southern Syrian Desert from the mid 3rd century AD onward, during the mid to later stages of the Roman and Sasanian empires. (
  • Although after the Arab conquest of the Sassanid Persian empire in the 7th century, many Arab tribes settled in different parts of Iran, it is the Arab tribes of Khuzestan that have retained their identity in language, culture, and Shia Islam to the present day. (
  • The immigration of Arab tribes from outside the province was also a long-term process. (
  • From the immigrant Arab tribes of Khuzestan (from the present-day Iraq), the Banu Kaab at Dawraq (the later Fallāhīya and the present-day Shadegan) and the Mawlāʾī at Hoveyzeh can be mentioned. (
  • North of the lands of the ʿAnāfeja of the Āl Katīr, in the area called Mīānāb, between the Kārūn and Karkheh Rivers, dwell several Arab tribes, of which the best known are the Kaab (probably an offshoot of the Banī Kaʿb of southern Khuzestan), the ʿAbd al khānī, the Mazraa, the Al Bū Rāwīya, and the Sādāt. (
  • Arabs that live in eastern Fars Province and Hormozgan mostly belong to the tribes of Banu Tamim, Banu kaab and Banu Hammed. (
  • The population of Sudan also includes various tribes who are genealogically Arab, such as the Shaigya, Ja'alin, Shukria, Guhayna, etc. (according to Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, the Bedouins of the eastern desert of Sudan, such as the Ja'alin are almost indistinguishable from the Bedouins of eastern Arabia). (
  • Nevertheless, most Arab tribes migrated into the Sudan in the 12th century and introduced Islam. (
  • There are two Arab Tribes in Fars Province: Sheybani and Jabbareh The Sheybani (or Sheibani) migrated to Iran before the Other group. (
  • Great Men of Arab Tribe and the Tribes Ali Mohammad Najafi. (
  • Many of the Marsh Arabs' codes of behaviour were similar to those of the desert tribes. (
  • The Arabs in eastern part of the border consist of many Bedouin tribes in addition to other Arabs who settled there before Turkic tribes came to Anatolia from Central Asia in the 11th century. (
  • populations
  • There are also significant Arab populations in Iran , Turkey , East Africa, South America , Europe , and Southeast Asia . (
  • The cultures of the assimilated territories, which included Christian, Jewish, and Zoroastrian populations, were not only influenced by the Arab invaders and their religion, but, in turn, substantially influenced the nature of Arab culture. (
  • Coastal cities such as Accra, Cape Coast, Sekondi-Takoradi, and Tema also have Arab populations. (
  • Sudanese Arabs descend primarily from migrants from the Arabian Peninsula and some of the pre-existing indigenous populations of Sudan, most predominantly the Nubian people who also share a common history with Egypt. (
  • The Nigerien Arab populations include groups drawn from the Shoa or Baggara Arabs, the first clans of whom are believed to have arrived in what is now Niger sometime in the 19th century. (
  • Other significant centres of Arab populations in Germany can be found in Frankfurt am Main, Cologne, Munich, in the Ruhrgebiet, Hanover, Bonn and Hamburg. (
  • migrants
  • Among the German districts with the highest shares of Arab migrants in 2011 were especially cities in the Frankfurt Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region (Frankfurt, Offenbach) and the Rhineland (Bonn, Düsseldorf) with large groups of Moroccan migrants. (
  • Maghreb
  • Most of the Arabs in Europe today are from the Maghreb. (
  • French people of Arab origin (predominantly from Maghreb but also some from Mashreq areas of the Arab world) in France forms the second largest ethnic group after French people of French origin. (
  • Swiss people of Arab origin (predominantly from Maghreb but also some from Mashreq areas of the Arab world) in Switzerland. (
  • The number of nearly 18,000 people by the end of the first decade became nationals of Arab Maghreb countries, make up 1% of the total foreign population in Switzerland. (
  • By the end of 2010, Switzerland was hosting on its territory, especially in the big cities and in the French-speaking cantons, nearly all 18,000 permanent resident of the three Arab Maghreb countries distributed as follows: Morocco (7469), Tunisia (6418), Algeria (3822). (
  • 2001
  • According to the Minorities at Risk Project 2001, about 40% of Arabs are unskilled workers living in urban areas. (
  • News reports quote Nigerien officials during the 2001 census reporting that Arab communities were in constant conflict with their neighbors over resources, were armed, and that "A relative unanimity prevails among the population who want them to leave the area" In October 2006, Niger announced that it would deport the Arabs living in the Diffa region of eastern Niger to Chad. (
  • Unlike Black British or Asian British, the term British Arab was not one of those employed in government ethnicity categorisations used in the 2001 UK Census and for national statistics. (
  • Reuters
  • If you look at the Arab Spring, this is a crucial issue," Jagland told Reuters. (
  • ANKARA/DOHA (Reuters) - Turkey threw its support behind Qatar on Wednesday, with officials saying it could fast-track troop deployment and provide crucial food and water supplies to the Gulf Arab country facing isolation from some of the biggest Middle Eastern powers. (
  • citizens
  • Arab Nigerians protested that they were legal citizens of Niger, with no other home to return to, and that the Military of Niger had seized their livestock, their only means of livelihood. (
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are leading a group of seven nations severing ties with Qatar, officially for sponsoring terrorism. (
  • In the deepest split between Arab states for decades, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Bahrain severed relations with Qatar on Monday and closed their airspace to commercial flights, saying it was funding militant groups. (
  • bedouin
  • Blood feuds, which could only be settled by the qalit, were a feature of Marsh Arab life, in common with that of the Arab bedouin. (
  • elements of Arab culture
  • From that time on, the South Asia experienced its first formal contact with the Arabs and there were significant elements of Arab culture, food, sciences, arts and traditions brought into the region. (
  • Persian
  • The United Arab Emirates is a federation of seven emirates on the eastern side of the Arabian peninsula, at the entrance to the Persian Gulf. (
  • The Arabs living along the Persian Gulf coastal plains are mostly pastoral nomads. (
  • America
  • In this volume, editor Michael Suleiman brings together 21 prominent scholars from a wide range of perspectives -- including anthropology, economics, history, law, literature and culture, political science, and sociology -- to take a close look at the status of Arabs in North America. (
  • Arabs in America will engage anyone interested in Arab American studies, ethnic studies, and American studies. (
  • Until the past 20 to 30 years, scholars ignored or were ignorant of Arabs in North America. (
  • Shaheen also turns it around: what must viewers from the Arab world think of America and Americans when they keep seeing these images in American films? (
  • Sudan
  • The Arabs forged the Rashidun (632-661), Umayyad (661-750) and the Abbasid (750-1258) caliphates, whose borders reached southern France in the west, China in the east, Anatolia in the north, and the Sudan in the south. (
  • Sudanese Arabs are the majority population of Sudan. (
  • But following the 1974 Sahelian Drought a much larger population of Sudan Arab clans began to move into Niger, followed by others fleeing the civil war and the Chadian-Libyan conflict in the 1980s, settling near Diffa. (
  • Islam
  • The link between Arabs and Islam has deep historical roots. (
  • It was among Arabs early in the seventh century that Mohammed preached the tenets of Islam. (
  • In the first years after the Arab conquest, it was common to convert to Islam and become an Arab at the same time by forming a relationship with an Arab tribe. (
  • Later, converting to Islam and acquiring Arab identity became separate processes. (
  • The uprising is partly a simple struggle between Arab factions, each of impeccable pedigree in relation to the pioneers of Islam. (
  • Here Islam outgrows its Arab roots and becomes an international religion. (
  • There has also been many arrests of Ahwazi Arabs who have converted to Sunni Islam, which is considered a crime in Iran according to the British daily newspaper The Guardian. (
  • The rise in conversion to Sunni Islam is partly a result of anti-Arab racism, the perceived crackdown on the Arab identity of the region and the view that Sunni Islam is closer to the Arab roots of the Ahwazi Arabs. (
  • According to the International Campaign for Sunni Prisoners in Iran (ICSPI), the crackdown is due to the Iranian government's alarm at "the rise of Sunni Islam among the Ahwazi Arabs in the traditionally Shia-majority Khuzestan province. (
  • Most Arabs in Europe are followers of Islam but there is also a sizable Arab Christian community living in Europe. (
  • Arab presence in Europe predates Islam, and became predominant during the eras of the Roman and Byzantine Empire, the overwhelming being Syrian Arabs. (
  • minority
  • Even though camel-herding pastoral nomads were only a minority during Mohammed's lifetime, it seems clear that Arabs were an important social and political force. (
  • sizable
  • There are also sizable and long-established Yemeni Arab communities living in both Cardiff and the South Shields area, the latter near Newcastle-upon-Tyne. (
  • world
  • media and was welcomed with joy by Palestinians and the rest of the Arab world . (
  • The total population of Arabs in the world is roughly 160 million (Eickelman 1987), or about 3 percent of the world's population. (
  • The succeeding ʿ Abb ā sid dynasty ruled the Muslim world from Baghdad , its capital, for nearly 500 years, of which the first 200 (750-950) are called the Golden Age of Arab civilization. (
  • This is to highlight an incredibly important issue all over the world but especially in Africa and in the Arab world. (
  • which had ruled much of the Arab world since conquering the Mamluk Sultanate in 1517. (
  • The Arab world stretches around 13 million km2, from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea in the north to the Horn of Africa and the Indian Ocean in the southeast. (
  • Observers and journalists covering the war have cast doubt on their significance as a fighting force in Afghanistan, but within the Muslim Arab world they achieved near hero-status for their association with the defeat of the militant atheist, anti-religious Communist superpower that was the Soviet Union, and on returning home had considerable significance waging jihad against their own and other governments. (
  • Abdullah Yusuf Azzam (1941-1989) is often credited with creating enthusiasm for the Afghan mujahideen cause in the Arab Muslim and greater Muslim world. (
  • Estimates of the number of Muslim Afghan Arab volunteers that came from around the world came to fight in Afghanistan include 8,000, 20,000 and 35,000. (
  • The decision came at the request of the National Association of British Arabs and other Arab organizations, who lobbied for the inclusion of a separate "Arab" entry to accommodate under-reported groups from the Arab world. (
  • Reasons supplied for the selection included the quality of the station's programs and transmission, its discussion of current issues in the Arab world, and the possibility of giving voice to the community's concerns and positions on various matters. (
  • Although the negative imagery of Arabs and the Arab world in film is a hundred years old, Shaheen also voices optimism about the future. (
  • rulers
  • The Christian reconquest makes several tentative beginnings during the period, but northern territories are often then regained by Arab rulers - relying heavily on the wild Berber mercenaries who form the bulk of their armies. (
  • Arabian Peninsula
  • The earliest documented use of the word "Arab" to refer to a people appears in the Kurkh Monoliths, an Akkadian language record of the ninth century BC Assyrian conquest of Aram, which referred to Bedouins of the Arabian Peninsula under King Gindibu, who fought as part of a coalition opposed to Assyria. (
  • reside
  • Most Arabs reside in urban areas and cities in former West-Germany. (
  • According to many statistics, the total number of Arabs in Pakistan, both legal and non-legal residents, still number in the thousands, and reside in the country. (
  • majority
  • This large ethnic group has a very heterogeneous population, but there are a number of characteristics that a majority of Arabs share. (
  • The vast majority of Arabs live in major cities and towns in south central, south eastern, south western or southern Ghana. (
  • However, the majority of Arabs are refugees of the conflicts in the Middle East. (
  • Iraq
  • There were attempts by the Iraqi regime during the Iran-Iraq War (1980-88) to generate Arab nationalism in the area but without any palpable success. (
  • Ahwazi Arabs are an Arab community in Iran which resides mostly in the resource rich Khuzestan Province in southern Iran, bordering Iraq. (
  • population
  • Muslim Arabs comprize about 93 percent of the Arab population and belong to several different sects including Shia (Ithna Ashari and Ismaili), Alawi, Zaidi, and Sunni, which is the largest. (
  • Ghana has the largest Arab population in western Africa. (
  • According to James Minahan, in 2002, the Ahwazi Arab population of Khuzestan Province was estimated at 3,460,000 (74% of the province's population). (
  • In the 1950s a small number of Kanem-Chadian Arabs moved into the area, but the population remained small. (
  • As a result, community members are believed to have been under-counted in previous population estimates according to the National Association of British Arabs (NABA). (
  • Phillip II implemented a policy to fully assimilate the Moriscos into the Christian Spanish population and eliminate Moorish and Arab culture from Spain. (
  • The largest concentration of Arab people in Germany, can be found in Berlin, where they make up 2%-3% (100,000 people) of the population. (
  • Islamic
  • Perhaps the most common Arab characteristic is adherence to the Islamic faith. (
  • In the pre-Islamic era, most Arabs followed polytheistic religions. (
  • The Arab presence in Iran did not begin with the Islamic conquest of Persia in 633 AD. (
  • During the Islamic conquest of Afghanistan, many Arabs settled throughout the region, while another wave arrived during the Bolshevik Revolution. (
  • There were also brief periods of independent Arab-Islamic colonization and occupation, in modern-day France, Switzerland, and Italy, using Fraxinet in the Gulf of St. Tropez as a base for raids and colonisation. (
  • people
  • In 1977, William E. Leuchtenburg, the prominent American historian, remarked, "From the perspective of the American historian, the most striking aspect of the relationship between Arab and American cultures is that, to Americans, the Arabs are a people. (
  • The United Arab Emirates has deported 1,000 people found to have the AIDS virus since it launched a campaign to halt the disease in 1985, a health official said in Abu Dhabi. (
  • Arab people are generally known for their generosity and hospitality as well as their beliefs and family values. (
  • For an introduction to the culture of the Azawagh Arabs, see Rebecca Popenoe, Feeding Desire - Fatness, Beauty and Sexuality among a Saharan People. (
  • Reel Bad Arabs: How Hollywood Vilifies a People is a documentary film directed by Sut Jhally and produced by Media Education Foundation in 2006. (
  • Showing some examples of films that portray Arabs als ordinary people, he expects the negative images to change, due to the works of a new generation of filmmakers, who see things differently. (
  • There is an estimated number of 400,000-500,000 people of Arab origin residing in Germany in 2013. (
  • known
  • Dubai is perhaps best known for shopping malls and skyscrapers, but the United Arab Emirates' most populous city is also a hub for relief agencies. (
  • The Arab Journal of Urology (known as Arab J Urol ) is a peer-reviewed journal that strives to provide a high standard of research and clinical material to the widest possible urological community worldwide. (
  • This area is known as Ahwaz by the Arab community, and the capital of Khuzestan is Ahvaz. (
  • These were assimilated Arabs, and they established a well-known presence, especially in the Severan Dynasty. (
  • His father Julius Marinus was known to have been an Arab tribal leader and a prominent Roman citizen who played a part in Philip's ascension to the throne. (
  • Community
  • Ahwazi Arabs are the largest Arab community residing in Iran. (
  • Many in the Diffa Arab community fought against 1990s Tuareg rebellion, and in recent years, have come into increased conflict with Hausa, Kanuri, and Tuareg communities. (
  • A diverse community, British Arabs are represented in the business and media fields, among other areas. (
  • Several British Arabs ran for and/or were appointed to office as community representatives. (
  • Iran
  • The Arab expedition to Iran began before the Muslim conquests and continued as a result of the joint exertions of the civilized Arabs (ahl al-madar) as well as the desert Arabs (ahl al-wabar). (
  • Political and economic events like the crisis of high oil prices in the United States as a result of the Arabs refusal of exporting it to The States, the revolution in Iran (a non-Arab country) as well as Al-Qaeda activities, the events of 11 September and others, all exported a bad, faded image about Arabs to every American home. (
  • Africa
  • Tippu Tib , also called Muhammed Bin Hamid , (born 1837-died June 14, 1905, Zanzibar [now in Tanzania]), the most famous late 19th-century Arab trader in central and eastern Africa . (
  • Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, the first woman freely elected as a head of state in Africa, shared the award worth $1.5 million with compatriot Leymah Gbowee, who promoted a "sex strike" among efforts to end Liberia's civil war, and Yemen's Tawakul Karman, who called her honor "a victory for the Arab Spring. (
  • Historically Arab merchants have been operating in Ghana and across Sub-Saharan Africa for millennia. (
  • among
  • Listed among the booty captured by the army of king Shalmaneser III of Assyria in the Battle of Qarqar are 1000 camels of "Gi-in-di-bu'u the ar-ba-a-a" or "[the man] Gindibu belonging to the Arab (ar-ba-a-a being an adjectival nisba of the noun ʿarab). (
  • Tribal loyalties are strong among rural Arabs, but also have an influence in urban areas. (
  • Whoever can, from among the Arabs, fight jihad in Palestine, then he must start there. (
  • settlements
  • he established a monopoly on elephant hunting, had roads built, and began to develop plantations around the main Arab settlements, including Kasongo on the upper Congo River, where he himself settled in 1875. (
  • It follows that the "Arab" conquests and settlements were by no means the exclusive work of Arabs from the Hejaz and the tribesmen of inner Arabia. (
  • Cultural
  • According to Amnesty International, Ahwazi Arabs face discrimination by the authorities concerning politics, employment and cultural rights. (
  • 1980s
  • Afghan Arabs" who entered Afghanistan during the Soviet-Afghan War began arriving in the early 1980s. (
  • heavily
  • The image had to repeat over and over and was depicted in scenes in several films that heavily abuse the Arabs' behaviors and morals. (
  • Umayyad
  • Concessions to their demands lead in 1031 to the collapse of the Umayyad caliphate and the effective end of Arab rule in Spain. (
  • Dubai
  • The Minister of State for Foreign Affairs from the United Arab Emirates, Anwar Gargash, talked to FRANCE 24 from Dubai about the ongoing diplomatic crisis with Qatar. (