*  Cheap metabolic trim with hoodia - Hoodia Balance. Natural Appetite Supressant Pills - Dec 21, 2017
Hoodia is a genus of 13 species in the flowering plant family Apocynaceae, under the subfamily Asclepiadoideae. Green Tea. ... Hoodia Gordonii Hoodia is a genus of 13 species in the flowering plant family Apocynaceae, under the subfamily Asclepiadoideae. ... Hoodia Gordonii Hoodia is a genus of 13 species in the flowering plant family Apocynaceae, under the subfamily Asclepiadoideae. ...
*  Crassulacean Acid Metabolism Permutation and Survival of Caralluma Species (Apocynaceae) in Arid Habitats - Open Access Library
Apocynaceae) are abundant perennials in arid regions of the Arabian Peninsula. These arid regions have a short wet season with ... Keywords: Apocynaceae , Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM) , CAM-idling , Caralluma , chlorophyll fluorescence , diffusive ... Several species of the stem succulent Caralluma (Apocynaceae) are abundant perennials in arid regions of the Arabian Peninsula ... Crassulacean Acid Metabolism Permutation and Survival of Caralluma Species (Apocynaceae) in Arid Habitats. ...
*  Apocynaceae - Wikipedia
Pachypodium (Apocynaceae): taxonomy, habitats and cultivation. Balkema. pp. 1-82. ISBN 978-90-5410-485-8. Apocynaceae in BoDD ... Some genera of Apocynaceae, such as Adenium, have milky latex apart from their sap, and others, such as Pachypodium, have clear ... Apocynaceae is a family of flowering plants that includes trees, shrubs, herbs, stem succulents, and vines, commonly called the ... This is true of many contained in species of plants from the Apocynaceae family, which include several that are extremely ...
*  Flora of Turkey, Apocynaceae - Wikipedia
This article describes Flora of Turkey that belong to the Apocynaceae family of flowering plants. Amsonia Decne. Bluestar ...
*  Apocynaceae - Wikispecies
Apocynaceae in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published ... USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Apocynaceae in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. ... Familia: Apocynaceae. Subfamiliae: Apocynoideae - Asclepiadoideae - Periplocoideae - Rauvolfioideae - Secamonoideae Genera: ... An updated classification for Apocynaceae. Phytotaxa 159(3): 175-194. doi: 10.11646/phytotaxa.159.3.2 Full text PDF from ...
*  Apocynaceae Pest Insects
... Publications. * Tetrio Sphinx, Giant Gray Sphinx, Frangipani Hornworm, Pseudosphinx tetrio (Linnaeus ...
*  List of subfamilies and genera of Apocynaceae - Wikipedia
The Apocynaceae family is the result of a conflation of these two families. Apocynoideae Asclepiadoideae Periplocoideae ... This is a list of subfamilies and genera of the dogbane family Apocynaceae. Apocynoideae and Rauvolfioideae are part of ... Apocynaceae sensu stricto, whilst the other three subfamilies belong to the former Asclepiadaceae. ...
*  Apocynaceae dictionary definition | apocynaceae defined
apocynaceae definition: Proper noun 1. A taxonomic family within the order Gentianales - many tropical and subtropical latex- ... apocynaceae. Proper noun *A taxonomic family within the order Gentianales - many tropical and subtropical latex-bearing plants ... Of the Apocynaceae the rubber plants are the most important.. *This arrangement is characteristic of the flower-buds of ... How would you define apocynaceae? Add your definition here.. Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus.. ...
*  Apocynaceae in Chinese Plant Names @ efloras.org
Apocynaceae A. L. Jussieu 夹竹桃科 Description from Flora of China. Trees, shrubs, or vines, rarely subshrubs or herbs, with latex ... Plants of the Apocynaceae are often poisonous and are rich in alkaloids or glycosides, especially in the seeds and latex. Some ... Apocynaceae. Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 63: 1-249.. (Authors: Li Ping-tao; Antony J. M. Leeuwenberg, David J. Middleton) ...
*  The phylogenetic position of milkweeds (Apocynaceae subfamilies S...: Ingenta Connect
Keywords: AFRICA; APOCYNACEAE; ASCLEPIADACEAE; BIOGEOGRAPHY; CPDNA; PHYLOGENY; PHYTOCHROME A; POWER ANALYSIS Document Type: ... The nuclear gene phytochrome A (PHYA) from 71 species of crown clade Apocynaceae (subfamilies Asclepiadoideae, Secamonoideae, ... Other relationships among the primary crown clade Apocynaceae lineages are also not supported statistically, but power analysis ... The phylogenetic position of milkweeds (Apocynaceae subfamilies Secamonoideae and Asclepiadoideae): Evidence from the nucleus ...
*  A Review of the Ethnobotany and Pharmacological Importance of Alstonia boonei De Wild (Apocynaceae)
Boonein (5) is a C-9 monoterpenoid α-lactone, isolated from the bark of A. boonei (Apocynaceae). The structure was established ... Apocynaceae)," Indian Journal of Chemistry B, vol. 23, no. 5, p. 455, 1984. View at Google Scholar ... A Review of the Ethnobotany and Pharmacological Importance of Alstonia boonei De Wild (Apocynaceae). John Prosper Kwaku Adotey, ... Alstonia boonei De Wild belongs to the family Apocynaceae. The species are scattered all over the world of which two are ...
*  Map of Apocynaceae - The Full Wiki
The Apocynaceae or dogbane family is a family of flowering plant that includes trees, shrubs, herbs, and lianas.. Many species ... Some genera of Apocynaceae, such as Adenium however, have either clear and milky, latex sap, and others, such as Pachypodium, ... The family Asclepiadaceae is now, according to AGP II included in the Apocynaceae (Endress & Bruyns, 2000).. There are five ... The former two sub-families were part of the Apocynaceae sensu stricto, whilst the latter three sub-families used to belong to ...
*  Molecules | Free Full-Text | Headspace Volatile Composition of the Flowers of Caralluma europaea N.E.Br. (Apocynaceae)
Apocynaceae) from Lampedusa Island were analyzed by a headspace GC method. The analyses allowed the identification and ... Apocynaceae). Carmen Formisano 1, Felice Senatore 1, Giovanna Della Porta 2, Mariarosa Scognamiglio 2, Maurizio Bruno 3, ... Apocynaceae). Molecules 2009, 14, 4597-4613. AMA Style. Formisano C, Senatore F, Della Porta G, Scognamiglio M, Bruno M, Maggio ... Apocynaceae). Molecules. 2009; 14(11):4597-4613. Chicago/Turabian Style. Formisano, Carmen; Senatore, Felice; Della Porta, ...
*  Apocynaceae
A 51-year-old woman, with a history of drug overdose, suicide attempts and depression was admitted to the ER complaining of nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, and chest tightness. She had a heart rate of 30 beats per minute, well below the… Continue Reading →. ...
*  Apocynaceae
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*  Intragenomic polymorphisms among high-copy loci: a genus-wide study of nuclear ribosomal DNA in Asclepias (Apocynaceae) [PeerJ]
Intragenomic polymorphisms among high-copy loci: a genus-wide study of nuclear ribosomal DNA in Asclepias (Apocynaceae). Kevin ... Phylogenetic relationships of Asclepias (Apocynaceae) inferred from non-coding chloroplast DNA sequences.. Systematic Botany 36 ... Apocynaceae) in order to characterize levels of intragenomic nrDNA polymorphism and place these within a phylogenetic context. ... Apocynaceae) PeerJ 3:e718 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.718 The authors have chosen to make the review history of this article ...
*  Ethnobotany of Apocynaceae species in Kenya
The study of Apocynaceae species used in traditional medicine reveals that 25 species in 16 genera are of ethnobotanical ...
*  Commons:Featured pictures/Plants - Wikimedia Commons
2.19.1 Family : Apocynaceae. *2.19.2 Family : Asclepiadaceae. *2.19.3 Family : Gentianaceae ...
*  Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin
Apocynaceae (Dogbane Family). USDA Symbol: APCA. Image Information. Photographer: Wasowski, Sally and Andy. City: Valdez. State ...
*  TheNerdyGardener on HubPages
Apocynaceae (Dogbane Family) Quiz. 2 years ago. Test your knowledge of the plant family Apocynaceae in this quick plant ...

(1/70) Medicinal foodstuffs. XXIV. Chemical constituents of the processed leaves of Apocynum venetum L.: absolute stereostructures of apocynosides I and II.

Two new ionone glucosides, named apocynosides I and II, were isolated from the roasted leaves of Apocynum venetum L. together with nine known compounds. The absolute stereostructures of apocynosides I and II were determined by chemical and physicochemical evidence, which included the application of a modified Mosher's method and the circular dichroism helicity rule.  (+info)

(2/70) A bioactive spirolactone iridoid and triterpenoids from Himatanthus sucuuba.

Himatanthus sucuuba is an Amazonian tree with abundant, yet conflicting ethnobotanical information. Investigation of the polar and non-polar constituents led to the isolation of plumericin, a bioactive spirolactone iridoid, and four known pentacylic triterpenes: lupeol acetate, lupeol cinnamate, lupeol beta-phenyl propionate, and alpha-amyrin cinnamate.  (+info)

(3/70) Morphological and ultrastructural diversity of orbicules in relation to evolutionary tendencies in apocynaceae s.L.

Minute granules of sporopollenin, called orbicules, can be observed on the innermost tangential and/or radial walls of secretory tapetum cells. Orbicules were investigated in 62 species (50 genera) of Apocynaceae s.l. using light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Orbicules were found in 43 species (34 genera) distributed amongst the subfamilies Rauvolfioideae, Apocynoideae, Periplocoideae, and in the genus Riocreuxia (Asclepiadoideae). Absence of orbicules is apparent in Secamonoideae and Asclepiadoideae (except Riocreuxia). The orbicule types described are based on observed morphological and ultrastructural variation. Of the six orbicule types previously described, Type I and Type II orbicules are lacking. In the majority of species, Type III orbicules were recorded in addition to Types IV, V and VI. In this study we suggest that embedded Type VI orbicules are more derived. A correlation between orbicule typology and evolutionary tendencies in Apocynaceae s.l. palynology was found. A trend was observed from the presence of Type III orbicules in the majority of species belonging to the basal group of genera characterized by colporate to porate single pollen grains, or 3-6-porate tetrads, towards the more derived embedded Type VI orbicules in the more advanced Periplocoideae genera with multiporate tetrads or pollinia. Orbicule data have proven not to be useful for evaluating tribal delimitation within the Apocynaceae s.l. contrary to the Rubiaceae and Loganiaceae s.l.  (+info)

(4/70) Wrightiamines A and B, two new cytotoxic pregnane alkaloids from Wrightia javanica.

Two new pregnane alkaloids, wrightiamines A (1) and B (2), were isolated from the extract of the tropical Apocynaceous plant Wrightia javanica collected in Thailand, and their structures were elucidated by spectral data. Wrightiamine B (2) was preparaed from 3beta-hydroxy-5alpha-pregnan-20-one to establish the configuration of the C-20 position as S. Wrightiamine A (1) exhibited cytotoxic activity against vincristine-resistant murine leukemia P388 cells.  (+info)

(5/70) Generic delimitations in tuberous Periplocoideae (Apocynaceae) from Africa and Madagascar.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The number of genera included in Apocynaceae subfamily Periplocoideae is a matter of debate. DNA sequences are used here as an independent dataset to clarify generic relationships and classification of the tuberous periplocoid genera and to address the question of the phylogenetic interpretation of pollinia formation in Schlechterella. METHODS: Representatives of nearly all African and Malagasy genera of Periplocoideae possessing root tubers were analysed using ITS and plastid DNA sequence characters. RESULTS: Sequence data from non-coding molecular markers (ITS of nrDNA and the trnT-L and trnL-F spacers as well as the trnL intron of plastid DNA) give support for a broad taxonomic concept of Raphionacme including Pentagonanthus. Together with Schlechterella, which is sister to Raphionacme, all Raphionacme-like taxa form a derived monophyletic group of somewhat diverse species. Sister to the Schlechterella/Raphionacme clade is a clade comprising Stomatostemma and the not truly tuberous vine Mondia. In the combined analysis, sister to these two clades combined is a clade formed by Petopentia natalensis and Periploca. CONCLUSIONS: The recent inclusion of the monotypic South African Petopentia in the monotypic Malagasy endemic Ischnolepis is to be rejected. The Malagasy Camptocarpus is sister to the remainder of Periplocoideae in the ITS and combined analyses, and a Malagasy origin for the subfamily is discussed.  (+info)

(6/70) New cytotoxic cardenolide glycoside from the seeds of Cerbera manghas.

A new cytotoxic cardenolide glycoside, 3beta-O-(2'-O-acetyl-alpha-L-thevetosyl)-14beta-hydroxy-7-en-5beta-card-20(22)-en olide, (7,8-dehydrocerberin), together with five known cardenolides, 17beta-neriifolin, deacetyltanghinin, tanghinin, cerberin and 2'-O-acetyl-cerleaside A were isolated from the seeds of Cerbera manghas L. Their structures were elucidated by 1D- and 2D-NMR techniques as well as UV, IR and mass spectral data. 7,8-Dehydrocerberin, deacetyltanghinin and tanghinin exhibited cytotoxic activities against oral human epidermoid carcinoma (KB), human breast cancer cell (BC) and human small cells lung cancer (NCI-H187).  (+info)

(7/70) Characterization of graphislactone A as the antioxidant and free radical-scavenging substance from the culture of Cephalosporium sp. IFB-E001, an endophytic fungus in Trachelospermum jasminoides.

The extracts derived from cultures of 1626 endophytic strains harbored in Trachelospermum jasminoides were assayed for more potent antioxidant and/or free radical-scavenging agents. The free radical-scavenging assessment was carried out using l,l-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and hydroxyl radical assays, and the antioxidant actions on linoleic acid and human low-density lipoprotein (LDL) models. After extensive spectroscopic analyses, graphislactone A was characterized as the most bioactive secondary metabolite of endophytic Cephalosporium sp. IFB-E001 with its free radical-scavenging (in a dose-dependent manner) and antioxidant activities ascertained in vitro to be stronger than those of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and ascorbic acid, the two positive references coassayed in the study. From the demonstrated efficacy of graphislactone A in preventing and protecting against oxidative injury, it can be predicted that this metabolite could be a potential agent in the management of oxidative damage-initiated diseases.  (+info)

(8/70) Morphological and secretory characterization of extrafloral nectaries in plants of coastal Veracruz, Mexico.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Morphological descriptions of the extrafloral nectaries (EFNs) of certain plant species are common in the literature, but they rarely relate morphology with histology, gland distribution and secretory attributes. In this study a morphological/secretory characterization of EFNs occurring on several plant species in a tropical coastal community is made and the implications of gland attributes discussed from a functional perspective. METHODS: The morphology and nectar secretion of the EFNs of 20 plant species are characterized through scanning electron microscopy, histochemical detection of reducing sugars (Fehling's reagent) and nectar volume/concentration estimates. KEY RESULTS: Sixty-five per cent of plant species in coastal communities had EFNs on vegetative structures and 35 % of species had glands on reproductive and vegetative organs. The Fabaceae is the plant family with the most species with EFNs and most diversity of gland morphologies. Four types of vascularized nectaries and four of glandular trichomes are described; sugar-secreting trichomes are characterized using Fehling's technique, and the first descriptions of unicellular and peltate trichomes functioning as EFNs are provided. Glands of ten plant species and six genera are described for the first time. Four plant species possess more than one morphological type of EFN. Eleven species have EFNs in more than one location or organ. More complex glands secrete more nectar, but are functionally homologous to the aggregations of numerous secretory trichomes on specific and valuable plant organs. CONCLUSION: Important diversity of EFN morphology was foundin the coastal plant community studied. Both vascularized and non-vascularized EFNs are observed in plants and, for the latter, previously non-existent morpho-secretory characterizations are provided with a methodological approach to study them. It is recommended that studies relating EFN attributes (i.e. morphology, distribution) with their differential visitation by insects (i.e. ants) and the cost of maintenance to the plants are carried out to understand the evolution of these glands.  (+info)