Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Anxiety Disorders: Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.Dental Anxiety: Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.Manifest Anxiety Scale: True-false questionnaire made up of items believed to indicate anxiety, in which the subject answers verbally the statement that describes him.Anxiety, Separation: Anxiety experienced by an individual upon separation from a person or object of particular significance to the individual.Phobic Disorders: Anxiety disorders in which the essential feature is persistent and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that the individual feels compelled to avoid. The individual recognizes the fear as excessive or unreasonable.Test Anxiety Scale: A self-reporting test consisting of items concerning fear and worry about taking tests and physiological activity, such as heart rate, sweating, etc., before, during, and after tests.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Anti-Anxiety Agents: Agents that alleviate ANXIETY, tension, and ANXIETY DISORDERS, promote sedation, and have a calming effect without affecting clarity of consciousness or neurologic conditions. ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS are commonly used in the symptomatic treatment of anxiety but are not included here.Psychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Panic Disorder: A type of anxiety disorder characterized by unexpected panic attacks that last minutes or, rarely, hours. Panic attacks begin with intense apprehension, fear or terror and, often, a feeling of impending doom. Symptoms experienced during a panic attack include dyspnea or sensations of being smothered; dizziness, loss of balance or faintness; choking sensations; palpitations or accelerated heart rate; shakiness; sweating; nausea or other form of abdominal distress; depersonalization or derealization; paresthesias; hot flashes or chills; chest discomfort or pain; fear of dying and fear of not being in control of oneself or going crazy. Agoraphobia may also develop. Similar to other anxiety disorders, it may be inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.Depressive Disorder: An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.Performance Anxiety: Anxiety related to the execution of a task. (Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary, 9th ed.)Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Fear: The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Personality Inventory: Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.Mood Disorders: Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.Cognitive Therapy: A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Agoraphobia: Obsessive, persistent, intense fear of open places.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Panic: A state of extreme acute, intense anxiety and unreasoning fear accompanied by disorganization of personality function.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)Hypochondriasis: Preoccupation with the fear of having, or the idea that one has, a serious disease based on the person's misinterpretation of bodily symptoms. (APA, DSM-IV)Amygdala: Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.Depressive Disorder, Major: Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Affect: The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Maze Learning: Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)Exploratory Behavior: The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Psychological Tests: Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.Interview, Psychological: A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.Somatoform Disorders: Disorders having the presence of physical symptoms that suggest a general medical condition but that are not fully explained by a another medical condition, by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder. The symptoms must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. In contrast to FACTITIOUS DISORDERS and MALINGERING, the physical symptoms are not under voluntary control. (APA, DSM-V)Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Shyness: Discomfort and partial inhibition of the usual forms of behavior when in the presence of others.Temperament: Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic: A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.Startle Reaction: A complex involuntary response to an unexpected strong stimulus usually auditory in nature.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Personality Assessment: The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.Psychotherapy: A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Arousal: Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Diazepam: A benzodiazepine with anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, sedative, muscle relaxant, and amnesic properties and a long duration of action. Its actions are mediated by enhancement of GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID activity.Personality: Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.Antidepressive Agents: Mood-stimulating drugs used primarily in the treatment of affective disorders and related conditions. Several MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITORS are useful as antidepressants apparently as a long-term consequence of their modulation of catecholamine levels. The tricyclic compounds useful as antidepressive agents (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, TRICYCLIC) also appear to act through brain catecholamine systems. A third group (ANTIDEPRESSIVE AGENTS, SECOND-GENERATION) is a diverse group of drugs including some that act specifically on serotonergic systems.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Anger: A strong emotional feeling of displeasure aroused by being interfered with, injured or threatened.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors: Compounds that specifically inhibit the reuptake of serotonin in the brain.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Life Change Events: Those occurrences, including social, psychological, and environmental, which require an adjustment or effect a change in an individual's pattern of living.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Neurotic Disorders: Disorders in which the symptoms are distressing to the individual and recognized by him or her as being unacceptable. Social relationships may be greatly affected but usually remain within acceptable limits. The disturbance is relatively enduring or recurrent without treatment.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Facial Expression: Observable changes of expression in the face in response to emotional stimuli.Galvanic Skin Response: A change in electrical resistance of the skin, occurring in emotion and in certain other conditions.Therapy, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems utilized as adjuncts in the treatment of disease.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Desensitization, Psychologic: A behavior therapy technique in which deep muscle relaxation is used to inhibit the effects of graded anxiety-evoking stimuli.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Substance Withdrawal Syndrome: Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.Psychopathology: The study of significant causes and processes in the development of mental illness.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Mother-Child Relations: Interaction between a mother and child.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Affective Symptoms: Mood or emotional responses dissonant with or inappropriate to the behavior and/or stimulus.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Internal-External Control: Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).Depression, Postpartum: Depression in POSTPARTUM WOMEN, usually within four weeks after giving birth (PARTURITION). The degree of depression ranges from mild transient depression to neurotic or psychotic depressive disorders. (From DSM-IV, p386)Psychotherapy, Group: A form of therapy in which two or more patients participate under the guidance of one or more psychotherapists for the purpose of treating emotional disturbances, social maladjustments, and psychotic states.Personality Tests: Standardized objective tests designed to facilitate the evaluation of personality.Psychotropic Drugs: A loosely defined grouping of drugs that have effects on psychological function. Here the psychotropic agents include the antidepressive agents, hallucinogens, and tranquilizing agents (including the antipsychotics and anti-anxiety agents).Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Maternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.Self-Assessment: Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.Factor Analysis, Statistical: A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Avoidance Learning: A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.Benzodiazepines: A group of two-ring heterocyclic compounds consisting of a benzene ring fused to a diazepine ring.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
Anxiety Hovers Over TbilisiAnxiety Hovers Over Tbilisi. By Tara Bahrampour. Washington Post Staff Writer. Tuesday, August 12, 2008 TBILISI, Georgia, Aug. ...
What Causes Anxiety? - ABC NewsWe certainly know that anxiety is hardwired into us. That's part of our biology. That can be very adaptive. It can allow us to ... We don't know all the reasons why people develop normal anxiety. ... Question: What causes anxiety? Answer: We don't know all the ... We certainly know that anxiety is hardwired into us. That's part of our biology. That can be very adaptive. It can allow us to ... And we certainly know that anxiety has something to do with how we view ourselves and the world around us. ...
Pregnancy-related Anxiety Scale SurveyWeb survey powered by SurveyMonkey.com. Create your own online survey now with SurveyMonkey's expert certified FREE templates.
Anxiety, Fears, and PhobiasExperiencing and dealing with anxieties can prepare young people to handle the unsettling experiences and challenging ... Anxiety, Fears, and Phobias. Resources. Please Note: By clicking a link to any resource listed on this page, you will be ... The ADAA promotes the prevention and cure of anxiety disorders and works to improve the lives of all people who have them. ... Anxiety Disorders Association of America (ADAA). http://www.adaa.org. ...
High-definition anxiety - Chicago TribuneTechnology is putting on-air talent under the microscope -- warts and all.
High-Tech Anxiety | Science | AAASHigh-Tech Anxiety. By Jocelyn Kaiser. Sep. 1, 1999 , 6:00 PM. ... but not as anxiety-provoking as time pressures, household ...
Don't Babies Have Separation Anxiety?Don't Babies Have Separation Anxiety?. Resources. Please Note: By clicking a link to any resource listed on this page, you will ...
RELIEF A Guide To AnxietyA short self help book with effective advice on how to beat anxiety. ...
mediafire.com/file/546qx1r1dhuwu14/RELIEF A Guide To Anxiety.pdf
Nightmares - Anxiety - MedHelpI've had anxiety for less than a year now, but it's only been like 3 months that I see a connection between me having ... nightmares and me having anxiety in the morning. Each time I have a ba... ... Anxiety doesnt want to disappoint.. lol My two nightmares, One of them I was bitten by a snake and another I was about to get ... Anxiety doesnt want to disappoint.. lol My two nightmares, One of them I was bitten by a snake and another I was about to get ...
child anxiety - PostsTreatments and Tools for child anxiety. Find child anxiety information, treatments for child anxiety and child anxiety symptoms ... MedHelp's child anxiety Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, ...
HKU Scholars Hub: Validation of a Chinese version of the dental anxiety inventoryObjectives: To translate the English version of Dental Anxiety Inventory (DAxI) and its short-form (SDAxI) and to validate their use in Hong Kong Chinese. Methods: The DAxI and SDAxI were translated into Chinese. A total of 500 adults (18-64 years) were interviewed, the Chinese DAxI, Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90), Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were completed. Based on their initial DAxI scores, 135 interviewees were invited to attend a dental examination 1 month later. Then, the subjects completed the DAxI again, together with Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) which measured the state anxiety level of the participants. Two months after the initial interview, all 500 subjects were asked to complete the DAxI again. Another 300 adults were recruited and interviewed for the SDAxI validation. Results: Cronbach's alpha of the Chinese DAxI and SDAxI were 0.77 and 0.80 and the ...
panic disorder | The Anxiety NetworkThe Anxiety Network began in 1995 due to growing demand from people around the world wanting help in understanding and overcoming their anxiety disorder. The Anxiety and Stress Clinic and its website, The Anxiety Network, received so much traffic and requests for help that we found ourselves spending the majority of our time in international communication and outreach. Our in-person anxiety clinic has grown tremendously, and our principal internet tool, The Anxiety Network, has been re-written and re-designed with focus on the major anxiety disorders. The Anxiety Network focuses on three of the major anxiety disorders: panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social anxiety disorder.. In 1997, The Social Anxiety Association, a non-profit organization, was formed and has its own website.. The Social ...
panic | The Anxiety NetworkThe Anxiety Network began in 1995 due to growing demand from people around the world wanting help in understanding and overcoming their anxiety disorder. The Anxiety and Stress Clinic and its website, The Anxiety Network, received so much traffic and requests for help that we found ourselves spending the majority of our time in international communication and outreach. Our in-person anxiety clinic has grown tremendously, and our principal internet tool, The Anxiety Network, has been re-written and re-designed with focus on the major anxiety disorders. The Anxiety Network focuses on three of the major anxiety disorders: panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social anxiety disorder.. In 1997, The Social Anxiety Association, a non-profit organization, was formed and has its own website.. The Social ...
fear | The Anxiety NetworkThe Anxiety Network began in 1995 due to growing demand from people around the world wanting help in understanding and overcoming their anxiety disorder. The Anxiety and Stress Clinic and its website, The Anxiety Network, received so much traffic and requests for help that we found ourselves spending the majority of our time in international communication and outreach. Our in-person anxiety clinic has grown tremendously, and our principal internet tool, The Anxiety Network, has been re-written and re-designed with focus on the major anxiety disorders. The Anxiety Network focuses on three of the major anxiety disorders: panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social anxiety disorder.. In 1997, The Social Anxiety Association, a non-profit organization, was formed and has its own website.. The Social ...
seeing life rationally | The Anxiety NetworkThe Anxiety Network began in 1995 due to growing demand from people around the world wanting help in understanding and overcoming their anxiety disorder. The Anxiety and Stress Clinic and its website, The Anxiety Network, received so much traffic and requests for help that we found ourselves spending the majority of our time in international communication and outreach. Our in-person anxiety clinic has grown tremendously, and our principal internet tool, The Anxiety Network, has been re-written and re-designed with focus on the major anxiety disorders. The Anxiety Network focuses on three of the major anxiety disorders: panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social anxiety disorder.. In 1997, The Social Anxiety Association, a non-profit organization, was formed and has its own website.. The Social ...
medications | The Anxiety NetworkThe Anxiety Network began in 1995 due to growing demand from people around the world wanting help in understanding and overcoming their anxiety disorder. The Anxiety and Stress Clinic and its website, The Anxiety Network, received so much traffic and requests for help that we found ourselves spending the majority of our time in international communication and outreach. Our in-person anxiety clinic has grown tremendously, and our principal internet tool, The Anxiety Network, has been re-written and re-designed with focus on the major anxiety disorders. The Anxiety Network focuses on three of the major anxiety disorders: panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social anxiety disorder.. In 1997, The Social Anxiety Association, a non-profit organization, was formed and has its own website.. The Social ...
ANTs | The Anxiety NetworkThe Anxiety Network began in 1995 due to growing demand from people around the world wanting help in understanding and overcoming their anxiety disorder. The Anxiety and Stress Clinic and its website, The Anxiety Network, received so much traffic and requests for help that we found ourselves spending the majority of our time in international communication and outreach. Our in-person anxiety clinic has grown tremendously, and our principal internet tool, The Anxiety Network, has been re-written and re-designed with focus on the major anxiety disorders. The Anxiety Network focuses on three of the major anxiety disorders: panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social anxiety disorder.. In 1997, The Social Anxiety Association, a non-profit organization, was formed and has its own website.. The Social ...
group | The Anxiety NetworkThe Anxiety Network began in 1995 due to growing demand from people around the world wanting help in understanding and overcoming their anxiety disorder. The Anxiety and Stress Clinic and its website, The Anxiety Network, received so much traffic and requests for help that we found ourselves spending the majority of our time in international communication and outreach. Our in-person anxiety clinic has grown tremendously, and our principal internet tool, The Anxiety Network, has been re-written and re-designed with focus on the major anxiety disorders. The Anxiety Network focuses on three of the major anxiety disorders: panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social anxiety disorder.. In 1997, The Social Anxiety Association, a non-profit organization, was formed and has its own website.. The Social ...
neural pathways | The Anxiety NetworkThe Anxiety Network began in 1995 due to growing demand from people around the world wanting help in understanding and overcoming their anxiety disorder. The Anxiety and Stress Clinic and its website, The Anxiety Network, received so much traffic and requests for help that we found ourselves spending the majority of our time in international communication and outreach. Our in-person anxiety clinic has grown tremendously, and our principal internet tool, The Anxiety Network, has been re-written and re-designed with focus on the major anxiety disorders. The Anxiety Network focuses on three of the major anxiety disorders: panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and social anxiety disorder.. In 1997, The Social Anxiety Association, a non-profit organization, was formed and has its own website.. The Social ...
Parenting and childhood anxiety: theory, empirical findings, and future directions - Wood - 2002 - Journal of Child Psychology...Theories of anxiety development suggest that parental acceptance, control, and modeling of anxious behaviors are associated with children's manifestations of anxiety. This paper reviews research published in the past decade on the relation between parenting and childhood anxiety. Observed parental control during parent-child interactions was consistently linked with shyness and child anxiety disorders across studies. Mixed support for the role of parental acceptance and modeling of anxious behaviors was found in observational studies. However, there was little evidence supporting the contention that self-reported parenting style was related to children's trait anxiety. Because of limitations associated with past research, inferences about the direction of effects linking parenting and child anxiety cannot be made. A conceptual framework based on recent models of anxiety development (e.g., ...
The Daily Telegraph: Fertility treatment 'unaffected' by stress - UK HealthFourteen cohort studies met the researchers' eligibility criteria. The studies included 3,583 women undergoing a cycle of fertility treatment in 10 countries. The average age of women was 29.7-36.8 years, and the average duration of infertility was 2.6-7.8 years.. Three studies included only women who had never used an assisted reproductive technology before, and the other 11 studies included a mix of women who had or hadn't previously used this method of reproduction. The studies collected data between 1992 and 2006. The most commonly used measure of emotional distress was the validated Spielberger state-trait anxiety inventory. In almost half the studies, distress was assessed in the month before the treatment cycle began. In 11 studies, 80% of the participants completed follow-up. Three studies included groups of pregnant and non-pregnant women who were similar in all four key factors that could affect the chance of pregnancy (age, previous use of assisted reproductive technology, ...
J Clin Psychiatry/The GABA-Benzodiazepine Receptor Complex: Structure, Function, and Role in AnxietyBenzodiazepines bind to a specific site on the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-benzodiazepine receptor complex. This complex has been implicated in the pathophysiology of anxiety by numerous preclinical and clinical studies. Preclinical studies have shown that there are multiple molecular forms of this receptor complex, that these genetically coded variations are linked to specific actions of the benzodiazepines, and that receptors are located in neuroanatomical areas known to mediate the anxiety response in animals and humans. Human studies have shown that patients with pathologic anxiety have anomalous responses to drugs that specifically bind to these receptors and have reduced numbers of benzodiazepine receptors in key brain areas that regulate anxiety responses. More recent preclinical studies suggest that molecular alterations in this receptor complex may produce findings in animals similar to those observed in anxious humans. Finally, ...
Repositorio da Producao Cientifica e Intelectual da Unicamp: Anxiety Levels Observed in Candidates for Liver TransplantationIntroduction. Anxiety can be considered an emotional state that does not present itself at the same intensity in all patients, and can be classified into 3 levels: mild, moderate, and severe. The patient, upon entering the waiting list for transplantation, reflects on the decision taken, which leaves him constantly anxious about the idea of possible death. Objective. This study had the aim of evaluating the degree of anxiety observed in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) candidates and whether there was a correlation between anxiety and etiologic diagnosis. Methods. This study was a prospective study where the patients underwent psychological evaluation by Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAT). The anxiety level was minimal, mild, moderate, or severe. The Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score and etiology were recorded. Results. The level of anxiety found were as follows: 55% minimal, 27% mild, 12% ...
Anxious over Anxiety: MedicalizationIn order to understand the medicalizing process of generalized anxiety disorder, we must look to its history, which has unfortunately has been difficult to track. Woodman notes that "The relative mildness of the symptoms and the high rate of comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders--the highest of all the anxiety disorders--have caused some to view it as an associated feature of a number of other disorders rather than as an independent disturbance" (Woodman 1). One of the first people to deal with anxiety in the medical community was Freud, who noticed that free-floating anxiety that occurred frequently in the general population (Woodman 1). Since then, generalized anxiety disorder was lumped in with other anxiety disorders such as panic disorder and social anxiety disorder. However, in 1980, the APA decided to separate "anxiety neurosis (DSM-II) into (1) panic disorder, ...
Alcohol Induced Anxiety - Alcohol RehabAnxiety can interfere with the ability of an individual to enjoy life. They can be tempted to turn to alcohol because this may temporarily ease the symptoms of anxiety. Some people become so impressed with the way alcohol eases their anxiety that they begin to consume it more regularly - this is known as self medicating. The fact that it appears to help in the beginning disguises the reality - alcohol is probably the worst solution in the world for anxiety.. People who suffer from anxiety are three times more likely to turn to substance abuse than those who do not have such symptoms. This is worrying because such self medication only makes matters worse in the end. The outcome of self medicating anxiety with alcohol is:. * It isn't long before regular consumption of alcohol begins to cause problems in the life of the individual. They will respond to this by drinking more to deal with their increased ...
Emotional Pro » Oct 27, Victoria Bentley: Surprising Causes of Anxiety and Panicenemies. With a wife who is a psychotherapist, close friends and care givers who were warm-hearted, experienced and spiritually-oriented, we all tried to help him move past worry and anxiety. We wanted him to end it forever; but we were able only to help him get, at most, a couple of days of peace. He seemed to have a "reset" button. He'd do well and then he would boomerang back to his previous level of anxiety and worry. Know anyone who is like this? Tell them about this show, and listen yourself.. All those ads for drugs on television! Do any of them actually end toxic anxiety? Or do they just manage the symptoms. Psychologist Dr. Victoria Bentley offers Anxiety Free Living, a book series aimed at helping people end toxic anxiety and heal trauma completely, using down-to-earth, simple solutions gleaned from 40 years' experience healing anxiety. We're talking about "Why You're Not Getting Better After ...
"Relationship Between Trait Anxiety, State Anxiety and Awareness in Pro" by Katarzyna MajtykaIn five experiments, interference paradigms were employed to investigate the role of awareness in determining the automatic nature of attentional biases to threat in anxiety. To investigate whether attentional biases to threat occur outside of conscious awareness, participants were presented with masked and unmasked valanced stimuli. To investigate the involuntary nature of the automaticity hypothesis, computerized versions of two interference paradigms were employed. On the emotional Stroop colour naming task the central task and the distracting information were an integrated feature of the same stimulus. To investigate the separate effects of trait and state anxiety in moderating these effects, a sample of non-clinical high-trait anxious (HTA) and low-trait anxious (LTA) individuals was employed across all five experiments.
Home | Anxiety and Depression Association of America, ADAAWhat is Anxiety?. Anxiety.org, an ADAA partner, provides this helpful and important series of articles (written by Emory ... How To Approach Anxiety with Cleverness - Part 2 - Article. ADAA member, Reid WIlson, PhD., authors this article on how to ... The Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA) is an international nonprofit membership organization and a leader in ... Children who suffer from an anxiety disorder. experience extreme fear, nervousness, and worry, and they start to avoid ...
Deric's MindBlog: The age of anxietywe shouldn't be possessive about our uncertainties, particularly as one of the dominant features of anxiety is its recursiveness. Anxiety begins with a single worry, and the more you concentrate on that worry, the more powerful it gets, and the more you worry. One of the best things you can do is learn to let go: to disempower the worry altogether. If you start to believe that anxiety is a foregone conclusion - if you start to believe the hype about the times we live in - then you risk surrendering the battle before it's begun ...
Margin of errorAnxiety levels are usually elevated in persons with low-esteem, although there are gender differences in the extent to which this is true. In a random sample of 24 17-year olds females with known low self-esteem the average anxiety score on a standard test was 7.62 with a standard deviation of 3.45. Construct a 95% confidence interval for the true mean anxiety score on this scale for 17-year-old females with self-esteem problems. What is the margin of error associated with this confidence interval? ...
Niacin & Anxiety | LIVESTRONG.COMEmotional and physical stress often leads to feelings of anxiety. Anxiety is a normal reaction to stress in moderation. However, for some people, anxiety...
ED Recovery: Morning Self-Care - EDITcertifiedNext, clients are guided to check in with their morning mood, noting any awareness of anxiety or depression. This is especially helpful for clients with a co-occurring mood disorder, to notice how a prescription medication may (or may not) be working. ED thoughts, other addictive cravings, and details about these can also be recorded. It's very interesting to notice if there is a link between anxiety, depression, and ED symptoms. On days when anxiety and depression are high, is ED triggered? And is the opposite effect true - with low anxiety and depression, what is happening with ED? Finally, the client is guided to check in with their predominant emotion (clients can refer to worksheet in the Express Your Self principles section, page 36 of the pdf file - Feelings Check-In) ...
generalized anxiety disorder Archives - Workers' Law WatchToday's post comes from guest author Kit Case from Causey Law Firm. It is part 2 of 3 in a series of posts about the dangers of worry.. Previously we posted on how worry can affect the lives of injured or disabled workers. In today's post, we'll talk about some of the specific effects of worry on the body.. The physical reactions to excessive fear and anxiety (worry) initiate a chain or cascade of pathological events by stimulating the amygdala area of the brain (fight/flight response), releasing neurotransmitters to the cortex. There, the fear or anxiety, whether real or imagined, is analyzed in detail and the analysis is returned to the amygdala where, in normal situations, the fear response is shut off by amino-butyric acid (GABA). GAD worriers may not have high enough GABA levels to shut off this pathway. Consequently, there are constant marked secretions of glucocortocoids and catecholamines that increase blood sugar levels. Marked levels of epinephrine and ...
Overcoming work related anxiety | allnursesI am currently a nursing student in med surg clinical who is a newly hired patient care associate in a hospital. I am finding myself stricken with some pretty severe anxiety in my job. I always
Anxiety and Stress - Hi every one is there somebody who is taking cymgem pls inform me about side?2 Answers - Posted in: anxiety, generalized anxiety disorder - Answer: Hi Qiniselani, I couldn't find Cymgem anywhere on the site. Is it a ...
Hypervigilance: Hypervigilance is an enhanced state of sensory sensitivity accompanied by an exaggerated intensity of behaviors whose purpose is to detect threats. Hypervigilance is also accompanied by a state of increased anxiety which can cause exhaustion.Social anxiety disorderMaternal bond: A maternal bond or motherly bond is generally the relationship between a mother and her child.Claustrophobia: Claustrophobia is the fear of having no escape and being in closed or small space or room It is typically classified as an anxiety disorder and often results in panic attack, and can be the result of many situations or stimuli, including elevators crowded to capacity, windowless rooms, and even tight-necked clothing. The onset of claustrophobia has been attributed to many factors, including a reduction in the size of the amygdala, classical conditioning, or a genetic predisposition to fear small spaces.Yellowdog Creative Project Management: Yellowdog Creative Project Management (also known as 'Yellowdog CPM' or just 'Yellowdog') is an independent record label, project management platform, tour management and promotions representing a variety of artists and bands. The business trades in the United Kingdom, France, Netherlands, Italy, Sweden, Ireland & United States.Rating scales for depression: A depression rating scale is a psychiatric measuring instrument having descriptive words and phrases that indicate the severity of depression for a time period. When used, an observer may make judgements and rate a person at a specified scale level with respect to identified characteristics.Anxiolytic: An anxiolytic (also antipanic or antianxiety agent) is a medication or other intervention that inhibits anxiety. This effect is in contrast to anxiogenic agents, which increase anxiety.Panic Disorder Severity Scale: The Panic Disorder Severity Scale is a questionnaire developed for measuring the severity of panic disorder. The clinician-administered PDSS is intended to assess severity and considered a reliable tool for monitoring of treatment outcome.Stressor: A stressor is a chemical or biological agent, environmental condition, external stimulus or an event that causes stress to an organism.Fear conditioning: Fear conditioning is a behavioral paradigm in which organisms learn to predict aversive events. It is a form of learning in which an aversive stimulus (e.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Cognitive behavioral treatment of eating disorders: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is derived from both the cognitive and behavioral schools of psychology and focuses on the alteration of thoughts and actions with the goal of treating various disorders. The cognitive behavioral treatment of eating disorders emphasizes the minimization of negative thoughts about body image and the act of eating, and attempts to alter negative and harmful behaviors that are involved in and perpetuate eating disorders.Comorbidity: In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional disorders (or diseases) co-occurring with a primary disease or disorder; or the effect of such additional disorders or diseases. The additional disorder may also be a behavioral or mental disorder.Panic and Agoraphobia Scale: The Panic and Agoraphobia Scale (PAS) is a rating scale developed for measuring severity of agoraphobia with or without panic attacks.Bandelow B.Avoidance coping: In psychology, avoidance coping, escape coping, or cope and avoid is a maladaptive coping mechanism characterized by the effort to avoid dealing with a stressor. Coping refers to behaviors that attempt to protect oneself from psychological damage.David Budescu: David Budescu is a psychologist and academic. He is the Anne Anastasi Professor of Psychometrics and Quantitative Psychology at Fordham University.Emotion and memory: Emotion can have a powerful response on humans and animals. Numerous studies have shown that the most vivid autobiographical memories tend to be of emotional events, which are likely to be recalled more often and with more clarity and detail than neutral events.SchizophreniaHypochondriasisBrexpiprazoleTime-trade-off: Time-Trade-Off (TTO) is a tool used in health economics to help determine the quality of life of a patient or group. The individual will be presented with a set of directions such as:Mental disorderLearning Plan: A Learning Plan is a document (possibly an interactive or on-line document) that is used to plan learning, usually over an extended period of time.Curiosity: Curiosity (from Latin curiosus "careful, diligent, curious," akin to cura "care") is a quality related to inquisitive thinking such as exploration, investigation, and learning, evident by observation in human and animal species. Curiosity is heavily associated with all aspects of human development, in which derives the process of learning and desire to acquire knowledge and skill.Shyness Machine GirlHyperthymic temperament: Hyperthymic temperament, or hyperthymia, from Greek hyper ("over", meaning here excessive) + θυμός ("spirited"), is a proposed personality type characterized by an excessively positive disposition similar to, but more stable than, the hypomania of bipolar disorder.Oneirology: Oneirology (; from Greek [oneiron, "dream"; and -λογία], ["the study of") is the scientific study of [[dream]s. Current research seeks correlations between dreaming and current knowledge about the functions of the brain, as well as understanding of how the brain works during dreaming as pertains to memory formation and mental disorders.SonepiprazoleGenetics of social behavior: The genetics of social behavior is an area of research that attempts to address the question of the role that genes play in modulating the neural circuits in the brain which influence social behavior. Model genetic species, such as D.Martin Weaver: Martin Weaver is a psychotherapist, author and media writerLow arousal theory: Low arousal}}Conscientiousness: Conscientiousness is the personality trait of being thorough, careful, or vigilant. Conscientiousness implies a desire to do a task well.Relationship obsessive–compulsive disorder: In psychology, relationship obsessive–compulsive disorder (ROCD) is a form of obsessive-compulsive disorder focusing on intimate relationships (whether romantic or non-romantic). Such obsessions can become extremely distressing and debilitating, having negative impacts on relationships functioning.S32212: S32212 is a drug which is under preclinical investigation as a potential antidepressant medicine. It behaves as a selective, combined 5-HT2C receptor inverse agonist and α2-adrenergic receptor antagonist (at all three subtypes—α2A, α2B, and α2C) with additional 5-HT2A and, to a lesser extent, 5-HT2B receptor antagonistic properties, and lacks any apparent affinity for the monoamine reuptake transporters or for the α1-adrenergic, H1, or mACh receptors.Mothers TalkAngels Anger Overkill: Angels Anger Overkill is In Strict Confidence's 3rd full-length album.Interpersonal reflex: Interpersonal reflex is a term created by Timothy Leary and explained in the book, Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality: A functional theory and methodology for personality evaluation (1957).Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitorQRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Cancer pain: Pain in cancer may arise from a tumor compressing or infiltrating nearby body parts; from treatments and diagnostic procedures; or from skin, nerve and other changes caused by a hormone imbalance or immune response. Most chronic (long-lasting) pain is caused by the illness and most acute (short-term) pain is caused by treatment or diagnostic procedures.The Newtown Neurotics: The Newtown Neurotics (later just The Neurotics) are an English punk rock/post-punk group formed in 1979. They are noted for their openly political music.Emotional responsivity: Emotional responsivity refers to the ability to acknowledge an affective stimuli by exhibiting emotion. Any response, whether it is appropriate or not, would showcase the presence of this phenomena.Biosignal: A biosignal is any signal in living beings that can be continually measured and monitored. The term biosignal is often used to refer to bioelectrical signals, but it may refer to both electrical and non-electrical signals.Roger Gould: Roger Gould, M.D.Pain scale: A pain scale measures a patient's pain intensity or other features. Pain scales are based on self-report, observational (behavioral), or physiological data.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingOptalert: Optalert is an Australian business founded by sleep expert Dr Murray Johnshttp://www.mwjohns.Parent structure: In IUPAC nomenclature, a parent structure, parent compound, parent name or simply parent is the denotation for a compound consisting of an unbranched chain of skeletal atoms (not necessarily carbon), or consisting of an unsubstituted monocyclic or polycyclic ring system.Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndromeDevelopmental psychopathology: Developmental psychopathology is the study of the development of psychological disorders, such as psychopathy, autism, schizophrenia and depression, with a lifecourse perspective.Cicchetti, D.Halfdan T. MahlerTimothy's Law: Timothy's Law is the reference used for a New York state statute signed into law on December 22, 2006 by Governor George E. Pataki which took effect January 1, 2007.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Regression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale: The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is a 10-item questionnaire that was developed to identify women who have PPD. Items of the scale correspond to various clinical depression symptoms, such as guilt feeling, sleep disturbance, low energy, anhedonia, and suicidal ideation.Narcotics and Psychotropics Control Law: The Narcotics and Psychotropics Control Law (麻薬及び向精神薬取締法 Mayaki oyobi kousei shin'yaku torishimari hou) is a law enacted in Japan in 1953 to control most narcotic and psychotropic drugs.Substance-related disorderAvoidance reactionBenzodiazepine misuse: The non-medical use of Benzodiazepine drugs (called misuse or abuse in public health journals) is the use of benzodiazepines without a prescription, often for recreational purposes, which poses risks of dependence, withdrawal and other long-term effects. Benzodiazepines are one of the more common prescription drugs used recreationally.Research Society on Alcoholism: The Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) is a learned society of over 1600 active members based in Austin, Texas. Its objective is to advance research on alcoholism and the physiological and cognitive effects of alcohol.
(1/5901) The impact of genetic counselling about breast cancer risk on women's risk perceptions and levels of distress.
Women referred to a familial breast cancer clinic completed questionnaires before and after counselling and at annual follow-up to assess their risk estimate and psychological characteristics. The aims were to determine whether those who attended the clinic overestimated their risk or were highly anxious and whether counselling influenced risk estimates and levels of distress. Women (n = 450) at this clinic were more likely to underestimate (39%) than overestimate (14%) their risk. Mean trait anxiety scores were higher than general population data (t = 4.9, n = 1059, P<0.001) but not significantly different from published data from other screening samples. Overestimators (z = 5.69, P<0.0001) and underestimators (z = -8.01, P<0.0001) reported significantly different risk estimates (i.e. increased accuracy) after counselling, but significant inaccuracies persisted. Over- (n = 12) and underestimators (n = 60) were still inaccurate in their risk estimates by a factor of 2 after counselling. Thirty per cent of the sample scored above the cut-off (5/6) for case identification on a screening measure for psychological distress, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). GHQ scores were significantly lower after counselling (t = 3.6, d.f. = 384, P = 0.0004) with no evidence of increasing risk estimate causing increased distress. The risk of distress after counselling was greater for younger women and those who were more distressed at first presentation. The counselling offered was effective in increasing the accuracy of risk perceptions without causing distress to those who initially underestimated their risk. It is worrying that inaccuracies persisted, particularly as the demand for service has since reduced the consultation time offered in this clinic. Further work is needed to evaluate alternative models of service delivery using more sophisticated methods of assessing understanding of risk. (+info)
(2/5901) The impact of genetic counselling on risk perception and mental health in women with a family history of breast cancer.
The present study investigated: (1) perception of genetic risk and, (2) the psychological effects of genetic counselling in women with a family history of breast cancer. Using a prospective design, with assessment pre- and post-genetic counselling at clinics and by postal follow-up at 1, 6 and 12 months, attenders at four South London genetic clinics were assessed. Participants included 282 women with a family history of breast cancer. Outcome was measured in terms of mental health, cancer-specific distress and risk perception. High levels of cancer-specific distress were found pre-genetic counselling, with 28% of participants reporting that they worried about breast cancer 'frequently or constantly' and 18% that worry about breast cancer was 'a severe or definite problem'. Following genetic counselling, levels of cancer-specific distress were unchanged. General mental health remained unchanged over time (33% psychiatric cases detected pre-genetic counselling, 27% at 12 months after genetic counselling). Prior to their genetics consultation, participants showed poor knowledge of their lifetime risk of breast cancer since there was no association between their perceived lifetime risk (when they were asked to express this as a 1 in x odds ratio) and their actual risk, when the latter was calculated by the geneticist at the clinic using the CASH model. In contrast, women were more accurate about their risk of breast cancer pre-genetic counselling when this was assessed in broad categorical terms (i.e. very much lower/very much higher than the average woman) with a significant association between this rating and the subsequently calculated CASH risk figure (P = 0.001). Genetic counselling produced a modest shift in the accuracy of perceived lifetime risk, expressed as an odds ratio, which was maintained at 12 months' follow-up. A significant minority failed to benefit from genetic counselling; 77 women continued to over-estimate their risk and maintain high levels of cancer-related worry. Most clinic attenders were inaccurate in their estimates of the population risk of breast cancer with only 24% able to give the correct figure prior to genetic counselling and 36% over-estimating this risk. There was some improvement following genetic counselling with 62% able to give the correct figure, but this information was poorly retained and this figure had dropped to 34% by the 1-year follow-up. The study showed that women attending for genetic counselling are worried about breast cancer, with 34% indicating that they had initiated the referral to the genetic clinic themselves. This anxiety is not alleviated by genetic counselling, although women reported that it was less of a problem at follow-up. Women who continue to over-estimate their risk and worry about breast cancer are likely to go on seeking unnecessary screening if they are not reassured. (+info)
(3/5901) Mildly dyskaryotic smear results: does it matter what women know?
BACKGROUND: As of 1992, all women in the UK who have a first mildly dyskaryotic cervical smear are placed under surveillance for 6 months rather than being referred for immediate colposcopy. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the relationship between anxiety and understanding about mild dyskaryotic, and to propose and discuss a method of analysing free text comments written by participants in studies based on structured questionnaires. METHODS: The freely scripted text of 236 women who had completed a questionnaire as part of a randomized controlled trial to assess the impact of an educational package was analysed. Randomization group status was concealed. Texts expressing similar views were grouped together and categorized. A matrix was drawn up to encompass the categories, and the comments were reallocated accordingly. RESULTS: Examination of the free text revealed two dimensions, concern and knowledge. There were no differences with respect to the apparent level of concern between the two randomization groups. However, comments from the intervention group were significantly more likely to have been classified as expressing good or vague knowledge than those from women in the control group. CONCLUSION: Although the educational intervention improved women's knowledge about the meaning of an abnormal smear result, this better knowledge was not correlated with less anxiety about the result. The free text analysis was a useful supplement to the main trial questionnaires. It demonstrated the existence of a range of understanding about cervical dyskaryosis, of anxieties relating to the receipt of such a result and the degree of interest women showed in acquiring further information. (+info)
(4/5901) The Montefiore community children's project: a controlled study of cognitive and emotional problems of homeless mothers and children.
OBJECTIVES: This study compares the prevalence of emotional, academic, and cognitive impairment in children and mothers living in the community with those living in shelters for the homeless. METHOD: In New York City, 82 homeless mothers and their 102 children, aged 6 to 11, recruited from family shelters were compared to 115 nonhomeless mothers with 176 children recruited from classmates of the homeless children. Assessments included standardized tests and interviews. RESULTS: Mothers in shelters for the homeless showed higher rates of depression and anxiety than did nonhomeless mothers. Boys in homeless shelters showed higher rates of serious emotional and behavioral problems. Both boys and girls in homeless shelters showed more academic problems than did nonhomeless children. CONCLUSION: Study findings suggest a need among homeless children for special attention to academic problems that are not attributable to intellectual deficits in either children or their mothers. Although high rates of emotional and behavioral problems characterized poor children living in both settings, boys in shelters for the homeless may be particularly in need of professional attention. (+info)
(5/5901) Quality of life four years after acute myocardial infarction: short form 36 scores compared with a normal population.
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of myocardial infarction on quality of life in four year survivors compared to data from "community norms", and to determine factors associated with a poor quality of life. DESIGN: Cohort study based on the Nottingham heart attack register. SETTING: Two district general hospitals serving a defined urban/rural population. SUBJECTS: All patients admitted with acute myocardial infarction during 1992 and alive at a median of four years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Short form 36 (SF 36) domain and overall scores. RESULTS: Of 900 patients with an acute myocardial infarction in 1992, there were 476 patients alive and capable of responding to a questionnaire in 1997. The response rate was 424 (89. 1%). Compared to age and sex adjusted normative data, patients aged under 65 years exhibited impairment in all eight domains, the largest differences being in physical functioning (mean difference 20 points), role physical (mean difference 23 points), and general health (mean difference 19 points). In patients over 65 years mean domain scores were similar to community norms. Multiple regression analysis revealed that impaired quality of life was closely associated with inability to return to work through ill health, a need for coronary revascularisation, the use of anxiolytics, hypnotics or inhalers, the need for two or more angina drugs, a frequency of chest pain one or more times per week, and a Rose dyspnoea score of >/= 2. CONCLUSIONS: The SF 36 provides valuable additional information for the practising clinician. Compared to community norms the greatest impact on quality of life is seen in patients of working age. Impaired quality of life was reported by patients unfit for work, those with angina and dyspnoea, patients with coexistent lung disease, and those with anxiety and sleep disturbances. Improving quality of life after myocardial infarction remains a challenge for physicians. (+info)
(6/5901) Can we create a therapeutic relationship with nursing home residents in the later stages of Alzheimer's disease?
1. Despite their entrance into advanced illness, the majority (83%) of participants in the study displayed evidence of having begun a therapeutic relationship with their assigned advanced practice nurse. 2. With one exception, those participants who did not evidence development of the relationship had severely limited speech, perseverative speech, or did not speak at all. 3. It is time to challenge the assumption that individuals in the middle and later stages of Alzheimer's disease are not good candidates for developing a therapeutic relationship. (+info)
(7/5901) Multicentre randomised controlled trial of nursing intervention for breathlessness in patients with lung cancer.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of nursing intervention for breathlessness in patients with lung cancer. DESIGN: Patients diagnosed with lung cancer participated in a multicentre randomised controlled trial where they either attended a nursing clinic offering intervention for their breathlessness or received best supportive care. The intervention consisted of a range of strategies combining breathing control, activity pacing, relaxation techniques, and psychosocial support. Best supportive care involved receiving standard management and treatment available for breathlessness, and breathing assessments. Participants completed a range of self assessment questionnaires at baseline, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks. SETTING: Nursing clinics within 6 hospital settings in the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: 119 patients diagnosed with small cell or non-small cell lung cancer or with mesothelioma who had completed first line treatment for their disease and reported breathlessness. OUTCOME MEASURES: Visual analogue scales measuring distress due to breathlessness, breathlessness at best and worst, WHO performance status scale, hospital anxiety and depression scale, and Rotterdam symptom checklist. RESULTS: The intervention group improved significantly at 8 weeks in 5 of the 11 items assessed: breathlessness at best, WHO performance status, levels of depression, and two Rotterdam symptom checklist measures (physical symptom distress and breathlessness) and showed slight improvement in 3 of the remaining 6 items. CONCLUSION: Most patients who completed the study had a poor prognosis, and breathlessness was typically a symptom of their deteriorating condition. Patients who attended nursing clinics and received the breathlessness intervention experienced improvements in breathlessness, performance status, and physical and emotional states relative to control patients. (+info)
(8/5901) Preliminary assessment of patients' opinions of queuing for coronary bypass graft surgery at one Canadian centre.
OBJECTIVES: To explore psychological and socioeconomic concerns of patients who queued for coronary artery bypass surgery and the effectiveness of support existing in one Canadian cardiovascular surgical center. DESIGN: Standardised questionnaire and structured interview. SETTING: Victoria General Hospital, Halifax, Nova Scotia. SUBJECTS: 100 consecutive patients awaiting non-emergency bypass surgery. RESULTS: Most patients (96%) found the explanation of findings at cardiac catheterisation and the justification given for surgery satisfactory. However, 84 patients complained that waiting for surgery was stressful and 64 registered at least moderate anxiety. Anger over delays was expressed by 16%, but only 4% thought that queuing according to medical need was unfair. Economic hardship, attributed to delayed surgery, was declared by 15 patients. This primarily affected those still working--namely, blue collar workers and younger age groups. Only 41% of patients were satisfied with existing institutional supports. Problems related mainly to poor communication. CONCLUSIONS: Considerable anxiety seems to be experienced by most patients awaiting bypass surgery. Better communication and education might alleviate some of this anxiety. Economic hardship affects certain patient subgroups more than others and may need to be weighed in the selection process. A more definitive examination of these issues is warranted. (+info)
- Don't Babies Have Separation Anxiety? (kidshealth.org)
- Separation anxiety is a normal stage of development for infants and toddlers. (mayoclinic.org)
- Separation anxiety usually fades by age 24 months. (mayoclinic.org)
- Separation anxiety rarely requires medical treatment. (mayoclinic.org)
- How to ease your child's separation anxiety. (mayoclinic.org)
- http://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/toddler/Pages/Soothing-Your-Childs-Separation-Anxiety.aspx. (mayoclinic.org)
- Children who won't go to school (separation anxiety). (mayoclinic.org)
- What Causes An Anxiety Disorder? (go.com)
- Well I always thought that the nightmares created my anxiety because at times I would go to sleep fine and then I would have a nightmare and i would wake up anxious but now that you put it that way I can see how it's the anxiety creating the nightmares. (medhelp.org)
- Having anxiety as an adult can be debilitating. (psychcentral.com)
- Two-thirds reported that "keeping up with information technology (IT)" is a source of stress, outranking research and publishing demands, teaching load, and the promotion process--but not as anxiety-provoking as time pressures, household demands, or institutional red tape. (sciencemag.org)
- And for a parent, watching a child struggle with anxiety can be heartbreaking and confusing. (psychcentral.com)
- We don't know all the reasons why people develop normal anxiety. (go.com)
- In the latest of its "Cut to the Quick" series, the side project proudly presents In/Corporate (Five Tales of Anxiety). (brownpapertickets.com)
- Find out during these five tales of anxiety of post-modern office life. (brownpapertickets.com)
- Her new book, On Edge: A Journey Through Anxiety, is an exploration of her life with. (psychcentral.com)
- hi everyone, I've had anxiety for less than a year now, but it's only been like 3 months that I see a connection between me having nightmares and me having anxiety in the morning. (medhelp.org)
- The ADAA promotes the prevention and cure of anxiety disorders and works to improve the lives of all people who have them. (kidshealth.org)
- I think this is true for people who don't suffer from anxiety as well. (medhelp.org)
- I've been told that anxiety is like a monster or a parasite that lives inside of people and sometimes it's dorment but none the less it's still there. (medhelp.org)
- To answer your question I would say anxiety creates bad dreams, and it's how we handle the dream once we awaken that is important. (medhelp.org)
- Smaller pupils in those who were prone to anxiety suggested a failure to process the rapidly changing information. (entrepreneur.com)
- http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/pediatrics/symptoms-in-infants-and-children/separation-and-stranger-anxiety. (mayoclinic.org)
- https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/children-s-health-issues/symptoms-in-infants-and-children/separation-and-stranger-anxiety. (mayoclinic.org)
- And we certainly know that anxiety has something to do with how we view ourselves and the world around us. (go.com)