Alcoholic Beverages: Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.Beverages: Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Beer: An alcoholic beverage usually made from malted cereal grain (as barley), flavored with hops, and brewed by slow fermentation.Wine: Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.Carbonated Beverages: Drinkable liquids combined with or impregnated with carbon dioxide.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Alcoholics: Persons who have a history of physical or psychological dependence on ETHANOL.Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic: FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to chronic excess ALCOHOL DRINKING.Liver Diseases, Alcoholic: Liver diseases associated with ALCOHOLISM. It usually refers to the coexistence of two or more subentities, i.e., ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER; ALCOHOLIC HEPATITIS; and ALCOHOLIC CIRRHOSIS.Hepatitis, Alcoholic: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER due to ALCOHOL ABUSE. It is characterized by NECROSIS of HEPATOCYTES, infiltration by NEUTROPHILS, and deposit of MALLORY BODIES. Depending on its severity, the inflammatory lesion may be reversible or progress to LIVER CIRRHOSIS.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Fatty Liver, Alcoholic: Lipid infiltration of the hepatic parenchymal cells that is due to ALCOHOL ABUSE. The fatty changes in the alcoholic fatty liver may be reversible, depending on the amounts of TRIGLYCERIDES accumulated.Agave: A genus known for fibers obtained from their leaves: sisal from A. sisalana, henequen from A. fourcroyoides and A. cantala, or Manila-Maguey fiber from A. cantala. Some species provide a sap that is fermented to an intoxicating drink, called pulque in Mexico. Some contain agavesides.Pancreatitis, Alcoholic: Acute or chronic INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS due to excessive ALCOHOL DRINKING. Alcoholic pancreatitis usually presents as an acute episode but it is a chronic progressive disease in alcoholics.Alcoholic Intoxication: An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Alcoholics Anonymous: An organization of self-proclaimed alcoholics who meet frequently to reinforce their practice of abstinence.Temperance: Habitual moderation in the indulgence of a natural appetite, especially but not exclusively the consumption of alcohol.Flavoring Agents: Substances added to foods and medicine to improve the quality of taste.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Taxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.Alcohol Withdrawal Delirium: An acute organic mental disorder induced by cessation or reduction in chronic alcohol consumption. Clinical characteristics include CONFUSION; DELUSIONS; vivid HALLUCINATIONS; TREMOR; agitation; insomnia; and signs of autonomic hyperactivity (e.g., elevated blood pressure and heart rate, dilated pupils, and diaphoresis). This condition may occasionally be fatal. It was formerly called delirium tremens. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1175)Pharyngeal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PHARYNX.Acetaldehyde: A colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of acetic acid, perfumes, and flavors. It is also an intermediate in the metabolism of alcohol. It has a general narcotic action and also causes irritation of mucous membranes. Large doses may cause death from respiratory paralysis.NebraskaPolyphenols: A large class of organic compounds having more than one PHENOL group.Dietary Sucrose: Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.WyomingDiet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures: A condition where seizures occur in association with ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) without other identifiable causes. Seizures usually occur within the first 6-48 hours after the cessation of alcohol intake, but may occur during periods of alcohol intoxication. Single generalized tonic-clonic motor seizures are the most common subtype, however, STATUS EPILEPTICUS may occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1174)Cardiomyopathy, Alcoholic: Disease of CARDIAC MUSCLE resulting from chronic excessive alcohol consumption. Myocardial damage can be caused by: (1) a toxic effect of alcohol; (2) malnutrition in alcoholics such as THIAMINE DEFICIENCY; or (3) toxic effect of additives in alcoholic beverages such as COBALT. This disease is usually manifested by DYSPNEA and palpitations with CARDIOMEGALY and congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).LithuaniaMarketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Food Analysis: Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.Sweetening Agents: Substances that sweeten food, beverages, medications, etc., such as sugar, saccharine or other low-calorie synthetic products. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Urethane: Antineoplastic agent that is also used as a veterinary anesthetic. It has also been used as an intermediate in organic synthesis. Urethane is suspected to be a carcinogen.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Central Nervous System Depressants: A very loosely defined group of drugs that tend to reduce the activity of the central nervous system. The major groups included here are ethyl alcohol, anesthetics, hypnotics and sedatives, narcotics, and tranquilizing agents (antipsychotics and antianxiety agents).Distillation: A chemical process for separating the components of a liquid mixture by boiling and collecting condensed vapors.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Phenols: Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Alcoholic Neuropathy: A condition where damage to the peripheral nervous system (including the peripheral elements of the autonomic nervous system) is associated with chronic ingestion of alcoholic beverages. The disorder may be caused by a direct effect of alcohol, an associated nutritional deficiency, or a combination of factors. Clinical manifestations include variable degrees of weakness; ATROPHY; PARESTHESIAS; pain; loss of reflexes; sensory loss; diaphoresis; and postural hypotension. (From Arch Neurol 1995;52(1):45-51; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1146)Psychoses, Alcoholic: A group of mental disorders associated with organic brain damage and caused by poisoning from alcohol.United StatesAlcohol-Related Disorders: Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol.Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Food Dispensers, Automatic: Mechanical food dispensing machines.Diet Surveys: Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Hookworm Infections: Infection of humans or animals with hookworms other than those caused by the genus Ancylostoma or Necator, for which the specific terms ANCYLOSTOMIASIS and NECATORIASIS are available.Postprandial Period: The time frame after a meal or FOOD INTAKE.Gastric Acid: Hydrochloric acid present in GASTRIC JUICE.Gastric Emptying: The evacuation of food from the stomach into the duodenum.Alcohol Amnestic Disorder: A mental disorder associated with chronic ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) and nutritional deficiencies characterized by short term memory loss, confabulations, and disturbances of attention. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1139)Energy Drinks: Beverages consumed as stimulants and tonics. They usually contain a combination of CAFFEINE with other substances such as herbal supplements; VITAMINS; AMINO ACIDS; and sugar or sugar derivatives.Coffee: A beverage made from ground COFFEA beans (SEEDS) infused in hot water. It generally contains CAFFEINE and THEOPHYLLINE unless it is decaffeinated.Flavonoids: A group of phenyl benzopyrans named for having structures like FLAVONES.Tea: The infusion of leaves of CAMELLIA SINENSIS (formerly Thea sinensis) as a beverage, the familiar Asian tea, which contains CATECHIN (especially epigallocatechin gallate) and CAFFEINE.BrazilChoice Behavior: The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Cola: A plant genus of the family STERCULIACEAE. This is the source of the kola nut which contains CAFFEINE and is used in popular beverages.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Mouth Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the MOUTH.Drinking: The consumption of liquids.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Rifampin (Oral Route) Side Effects - Mayo ClinicThe risk for liver problems is increased if you drink alcoholic beverages on a regular basis. You should limit the amount of ... alcoholic beverages you drink while you are receiving this medicine. If you have any concerns about this, talk to your doctor. ...
Town of Williamson, NY Alcoholic Beverages... or unsealed container of an alcoholic beverage while in any public place for the purpose of consuming such alcoholic beverage ... alcoholic beverages in public places and by restricting the possession of an open or unsealed container of alcoholic beverages ... Chapter 54: Alcoholic Beverages [HISTORY: Adopted by the Town Board of the Town of Williamson 8-9-1983 by L.L. No. 2-1983. ... Consume any alcoholic beverage in any public place within the Town, except in Town parks as expressly permitted in the Town of ...
Mass. Bill Would Raise Cap On Alcoholic Beverage LicensesThe Massachusetts Legislature is considering lifting the ban on the number of alcoholic beverage licenses that businesses can ... Bill Would Raise Cap On Alcoholic Beverage Licenses The Massachusetts Legislature is considering lifting the ban on the number ... A bill that would allow retailers like supermarkets to obtain more alcoholic beverage licenses is making its way through the ... of alcoholic beverage licenses that businesses can hold. by Dylan Scott , October 25, 2011 ...
Calories in Alcoholic Drinks - Calorie Chart for Alcohol Beverages | HubPagesFind out how many calories there are in common alcoholic drinks in a set of detailed charts. Discover the best and worst drinks ... Learn to sip alcoholic drinks to limit the number you drink. *Use water to quench your thirst when drinking alcoholic beverages ... Alcoholic drinks represented about 16% of the average daily calorie intake. *Average calories consumed in alcoholic beverage ... Chart of Calories in Common Alcoholic Beverages. (click column header to sort results) Beverages ...
bitters | alcoholic beverage | Britannica.comAny of numerous aromatized and often alcoholic liquids containing bitter substances (chiefly alkaloids, glycosides, or ... alcoholic beverage. Any fermented liquor, such as wine, beer, or distilled spirit, that contains ethyl alcohol, or ethanol (CH ... alcoholic beverage distilled from wine or a fermented fruit mash. The term used alone generally refers to the grape product; ... Alcoholic beverage produced by extracting raw materials with water, boiling (usually with hops), and fermenting. In some ...
Elite Alcoholic Beverages ZenCart Template #38409Take a closer look at this Elite Alcoholic Beverages ZenCart Template (#38409) - discover all the technical specifics and ... Social drinking of alcoholic beverages is a part of public culture. ThatÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s why we are sure that an online store like ...
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | MySoulRadio.comBlack Women Who Drink 7 or More Alcoholic Beverages Per Week Have an Increased Risk of Developing This Disease. New research ... Their risk increases to 33 percent if they drink 14 or more alcoholic beverages per week. The … ... shows that African-American women who drink seven or more alcoholic beverages per week have an increased risk of developing ...
Village of Walden, NY Alcoholic BeveragesChapter 90: Alcoholic Beverages [HISTORY: Adopted by the Board of Trustees of the Village of Walden 8-9-1983 by L.L. No. 2-1983 ... 50, Alcoholic Beverages: Open Containers, adopted 9-27-1974 by L.L. No. 3-1974, as amended 12-14-1982 by L.L. No. 6-1982. ... The purpose of this chapter is to prohibit the consumption of alcoholic beverages in certain public places in order to prevent ... No person shall, within the Village of Walden, drink or otherwise consume liquor, wine, beer or other alcoholic beverages while ...
brandy | alcoholic beverage | Britannica.comAlcoholic beverage distilled from wine or a fermented fruit mash. The term used alone generally refers to the grape product; ... Brandy, alcoholic beverage distilled from wine or a fermented fruit mash. The term used alone generally refers to the grape ... alcoholic beverage distilled from wine or a fermented fruit mash. The term used alone generally refers to the grape product; ... Beverage brandy contains about 50 percent alcohol by volume; brandy used to fortify sherry, Madeira, and the other dessert ...
FDA calls 7 caffeine-alcohol drinks unsafe - CNN.comFood and Drug Administration told the manufacturers of seven caffeinated alcoholic beverages Wednesday that their drinks are a ... This will send a message to the industry about the importance of looking directly at these alcoholic beverages and how the FDA ... FDA does not find support for the claim that the addition of caffeine to these alcoholic beverages is 'generally recognized as ... Washington (CNN) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration told the manufacturers of seven caffeinated alcoholic beverages ...
Vomit : Wikis (The Full Wiki)This tendency in human populations has been observed at drinking parties, where excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages ... Hepatitis (Viral hepatitis, Autoimmune hepatitis, Alcoholic hepatitis) · Cirrhosis (PBC) · Fatty liver (NASH) · vascular ( ... Hepatic veno-occlusive disease, Portal hypertension, Nutmeg liver) · Alcoholic liver disease · Liver failure (Hepatic ...
Comprehend alcohol metabolism in order to sip towards great health - BidrivealsThe alcoholic beverage which makes its way into your system now gets dispersed towards your complete system by means of your ... Depending on the type of alcoholic beverage or spirit that needs to be produced, suitable yeast such as wine yeast for wine, ... Regardless of whether you might be simply a good alcohol fanatic that really wants to produce alcoholic beverages in the home ... If you are an devoted alcoholic beverages drinker that likes to drink often then you should comprehend alcohol metabolism in ...
Chapter 768 Section 125 - 2012 Florida Statutes - The Florida Senate768.125 Liability for injury or damage resulting from intoxication.-A person who sells or furnishes alcoholic beverages to a ... except that a person who willfully and unlawfully sells or furnishes alcoholic beverages to a person who is not of lawful ... drinking age or who knowingly serves a person habitually addicted to the use of any or all alcoholic beverages may become ...
Types of UV Alcohol | eHowUV Vodka prides itself as a premium producer of vodka and vodka-infused beverages that are created through an extensive ... UV Vodka (uvvodka.com) is a brand of alcoholic beverages produced by the Phillips Distilling Company, which is headquartered in ... UV Vodka (uvvodka.com) is a brand of alcoholic beverages produced by the Phillips Distilling Company, which is headquartered in ... UV Vodka prides itself as a premium producer of vodka and vodka-infused beverages that are created through an extensive ...
Daring Fireball: The Talk Show: 'Free Alcoholic Beverages'The Talk Show: 'Free Alcoholic Beverages'. The week's episode of my podcast, with special guest Ben Thompson. Topics include ...
Serious Concerns Over Alcoholic Beverages with Added CaffeineCaffeinated alcoholic beverages, or CABs, are alcoholic beverages that contain caffeine as an additive and are packaged in ... FDA issued its November 2010 warning letters to four companies that make caffeinated alcoholic beverages: Charge Beverages Corp ... Alcoholic beverages to which caffeine has been added as a separate ingredient have raised health concerns at the Food and Drug ... Serious Concerns Over Alcoholic Beverages with Added Caffeine. On this page. *A Troubling Mix ...
Alcoholic Beverages - MarketWatch.com Topics... analysis and video updates on Alcoholic Beverages from MarketWatch ... AB InBev to buy energy drinks maker HiballJust as the soda giants are going after startups making healthy, non-alcoholic fizz, ... Weekend Sip: Is this the world's first distilled non-alcoholic spirit? British-made Seedlip aims to woo the non-drinking ...
Category:ro:Alcoholic beverages - WiktionaryFundamental » All languages » Romanian » All topics » Food and drink » Beverages » Alcoholic beverages ... Pages in category "ro:Alcoholic beverages". The following 14 pages are in this category, out of 14 total. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Category:ro:Alcoholic_beverages&oldid=47126921" ...
Best Alcoholic Beverages - AskMenNever mind that delicious daiquiri - you want a man's beverage. Just like the clothes you wear and the company you keep, the ...
Kazakhstan Limits Sale Of Strong Alcoholic BeveragesKazakhstan has limited the sale of strong alcohol beverages. Kazakh presidential press service said that President Nursultan ... The bill also bans any alcoholic beverages sells at gasoline stations, educational and sports facilities.. Kazakh Deputy Prime ... According to the bill, alcoholic beverages stronger than 30 percent must not be sold anywhere, except bars and restaurants, ... service said that President Nursultan Nazarbaev had signed the law on amendments to the law on selling of alcoholic beverages ...
Alcoholic Beverage Market in US 2016-2016... About Alcoholic Beverages. ... which has been calculated based on the retail consumption of alcoholic beverages. Technavio's report, Alcoholic Beverage Market ... distilled beverages), and wine. Beer is the most widely consumed alcoholic beverage in the world. It is brewed from malted ... Technavio's analysts forecast the alcoholic beverages market in the US to grow at a CAGR of 3.51% by revenue, during the period ...
Global 3D CAD IndustryNon-Alcoholic Beverages * Office Products * Organic Food * Product Recalls * Restaurants * Retail * Supermarkets ...
Oppenheimer Trust Company announces appointment of Hunt Worth as PresidentNon-Alcoholic Beverages * Office Products * Organic Food * Product Recalls * Restaurants * Retail * Supermarkets ...
Cocos nucifera | SpringerLinkAntifungal activity of the alcoholic extract of coconut shell-Cocos nucifera Linn. J Ethnopharmacol 1980; 2(3): 291-293.PubMed ... Rehydration after exercise with fresh young coconut water, carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage and plain water. J Physiol ...
Disingenuous Media ReactionGood places to get alcoholic beverages *Hi-Time Wine. *Table and Vine ...
Blended malt whisky: A blended malt, formerly called a vatted malt, or pure malt, is a blend of different single malt whiskies from different distilleries. These terms are most commonly used in reference to Scotch whisky, or whisky in that style, such as Japanese whisky.Sports drink: Sports drinks are beverages whose stated purpose is to help athletes replace water, electrolytes, and energy after training or competition, though their efficacy for that purpose has been questioned, particularly after exercise which is only moderate.Draught beer: Draught beer, also spelt draft, is beer served from a cask or keg rather than from a bottle or can. Canned draught is beer served from a pressurised container featuring a widget.Rice wineList of Coca-Cola brands: List of all brands (fully or partially) owned by The Coca-Cola Company:Alcohol and cardiovascular disease: Excessive alcohol intake is associated with an elevated risk of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), heart failure, some cancers, and accidental injury, and is a leading cause of preventable death in industrialized countries. However, extensive research has shown that moderate alcohol intake is associated with health benefits, including less cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, and lower all-cause mortality.Ethanol fuel: Ethanol fuel is ethanol (ethyl alcohol), the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages. It is most often used as a motor fuel, mainly as a biofuel additive for gasoline.FibroTest: FibroTest, known as FibroSure in the US, is a patented biomarker test that uses the results of six blood serum tests to generate a score that is correlated with the degree of liver damage in people with a variety of liver diseases. FibroTest has the same prognostic value as a liver biopsy.Alcoholic hepatitisResearch Society on Alcoholism: The Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) is a learned society of over 1600 active members based in Austin, Texas. Its objective is to advance research on alcoholism and the physiological and cognitive effects of alcohol.Agave tequilana: Agave tequilana, commonly called blue agave () or tequila agave, is an agave plant that is an important economic product of Jalisco, Mexico, due to its role as the base ingredient of tequila, a popular distilled beverage. The high production of sugars, mostly fructose, in the core of the plant is the main characteristic that makes it suitable for the preparation of alcoholic beverages.Alcohol intoxicationArtificial butter flavoring: Artificial butter flavoring may contain diacetyl, acetylpropionyl, or acetoin, three natural compounds in butter that contribute to its characteristic flavor. Because of this, manufacturers of margarines or similar oil-based products typically add diacetyl, acetylpropionyl and acetoin (along with beta carotene for the yellow color) to make the final product butter-flavored, because it would otherwise be relatively tasteless.Australian referendum, 1913 (Trade and Commerce): The Constitution Alteration (Trade and Commerce) 1912 was an Australian referendum held in the 1913 referendums which sought to alter the Australian Constitution to extend Commonwealth legislative power in respect to trade and commerce.California Proposition 29 (2012): Proposition 29, the California Cancer Research Act, is a California ballot measure that was defeated by California voters at the statewide election on June 5, 2012.Delirium Tremens (album)Prokaryotic acetaldehyde dehydrogenase dimerisation domain: In molecular biology, prokaryotic acetaldehyde dehydrogenase dimerisation domain is a protein domain found at the C-terminus of prokaryotic acetaldehyde dehydrogenases, it adopts a structure consisting of an alpha-beta-alpha-beta(3) core, which mediates dimerisation of the protein.University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Dentistry: The University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Dentistry is located on the East Campus of the University of Nebraska at Lincoln. The College offers degrees in Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) and Registered Dental Hygienist (RDH).Health effects of natural phenols and polyphenols: Because of the large structural diversity and extensive metabolism of dietary polyphenols, it is difficult to determine their fate in vivo and assert specific health effects. Although many are speculated to be part of the health-promoting effects of consuming fruits and vegetables, no evidence exists to date that dietary polyphenols actually provide health benefits.Environment of Wyoming: Wyoming [the Continental Divide], and its abrupt topographic relief includes alternating basins and mountain ranges. Major mountain ranges include the [[Beartooth Mountains|Beartooth, Gros Ventre, Teton, Wind River, Bighorn, Sierra Madre, and Medicine Bow.Mayo Clinic Diet: The Mayo Clinic Diet is a diet created by Mayo Clinic. Prior to this, use of that term was generally connected to fad diets which had no association with Mayo Clinic.Drainage basins of Lithuania: There are six major drainage basins in Lithuania: the rivers Neman (Lithuanian:Nemunas), Lielupe, Venta, Daugava, Pregolya, and a strip along the Baltic where rivers flow directly into the sea.Health marketing: Health marketing is a new approach to public health that applies traditional marketing principles and theories alongside science-based strategies to prevention, health promotion and health protection. Health marketing is one of the ways through which advancements in medicine and in health-protecting services like insurance are made widely known.Sweetness: Sweetness is one of the five basic tastes and is universally regarded as a pleasurable experience, except perhaps in excess. Foods rich in simple carbohydrates such as sugar are those most commonly associated with sweetness, although there are other natural and artificial compounds that are sweet at much lower concentrations, allowing their use as non-caloric sugar substitutes.Lactic acid fermentationList of countries by food energy intake: Food consumption refers to the amount of food available for human consumption as estimated by the FAO Food Balance Sheets. However the actual food consumption may be lower than the quantity shown as food availability depending on the magnitude of wastage and losses of food in the household, e.Indian trademark law: Indian trademark law statutorily protects trademarks as per the Trademark Act, 1999 and also under the common law remedy of passing off. Statutory protection of trademark is administered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks, a government agency which reports to the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.Distillation: Distillation is a process of separating the component substances from a liquid mixture by selective evaporation and condensation. Distillation may result in essentially complete separation (nearly pure components), or it may be a partial separation that increases the concentration of selected components of the mixture.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Fruit snack: A fruit snack is a processed food eaten as a snack in the United States. Fruit snacks are very similar to gummi candies.AlkylphenolClosed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS): Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) is a neuropsychiatric syndrome still under research, leading to rapid onset Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and/or tics in children and adolescents. It may be either connected to Group A streptococcal infections (PANDAS sub-group) or caused by immunologic reactionsKatherine E.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Glucerna: Glucerna is the brand name of a family of tube feeding formula, bottled or canned shakes, and snack bars manufactured by Abbott Laboratories. These medical nutritional products are meant for people with diabetes and are promoted for their ability to satisfy hunger without causing rapid increases in glucose concentration in the bloodstream.Hookworm vaccine: Hookworm vaccine is a vaccine against hookworm. No effective vaccine for the disease has yet been developed.Secretagogue: A secretagogue is a substance that causes another substance to be secreted. One example is gastrin,secretagogue at eMedicine Dictionary which stimulates the H/K ATPase in the parietal cells (increased gastric acid production by the stomach).List of puddings: This list includes both sweet and savoury puddings that conform to one of two definitions:Energy shot: Energy shots are a specialized kind of energy drink that contain a dose of the stimulant caffeine in a small amount of liquid. Whereas most energy drinks are sold in cans or bottles, energy shots are usually sold in 50ml bottles.White coffee: White coffee can refer to any of a number of different kinds of coffees or coffee substitutes worldwide.Green tea extractUniversity of CampinasNested case-control study: A nested case control (NCC) study is a variation of a case-control study in which only a subset of controls from the cohort are compared to the incident cases. In a case-cohort study, all incident cases in the cohort are compared to a random subset of participants who do not develop the disease of interest.Cola (plant): Cola is a genus of trees native to the tropical rainforests of Africa, classified in the family Malvaceae, subfamily Sterculioideae (or treated in the separate family Sterculiaceae). Species in this genus are sometimes referred to as Kola tree or Kola nut for the caffeine-containing fruit produced by the trees that is often used as a flavoring ingredient in beverages.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingAge adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.
(1/662) Alcohol intake and the risk of lung cancer: influence of type of alcoholic beverage.
Alcohol consumption has been associated with an increased risk of lung cancer, but the antioxidants in wine may, in theory, provide protection. This association was studied in 28,160 men and women subjects from three prospective studies conducted in 1964-1992 in Copenhagen, Denmark. After adjustment for age, smoking, and education, a low to moderate alcohol intake (1-20 drinks per week) was not associated with an increased risk of lung cancer. Men who consumed 21-41 and more than 41 drinks per week had relative risks of 1.23 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.88-1.74) and 1.57 (95% CI 1.06-2.33), respectively. The risk of lung cancer differed according to the type of alcohol consumed: After abstainers were excluded, drinkers of 1-13 and more than 13 glasses of wine per week had relative risks of 0.78 (95% CI 0.63-0.97) and 0.44 (95% CI 0.22-0.86), respectively, as compared with nondrinkers of wine (p for trend = 0.002). Corresponding relative risks for beer intake were 1.09 (95% CI 0.83-1.43) and 1.36 (95% CI 1.02-1.82), respectively (p for trend = 0.01); for spirits, they were 1.21 (95% CI 0.97-1.50) and 1.46 (95% CI 0.99-2.14), respectively (p for trend = 0.02). In women, the ability to detect associations with high alcohol intake and type of beverage was limited because of a limited range of alcohol intake. The authors concluded that in men, a high consumption of beer and spirits is associated with an increased risk of lung cancer, whereas wine intake may protect against the development of lung cancer. (+info)
(2/662) Type of alcoholic drink and risk of major coronary heart disease events and all-cause mortality.
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of beer, spirits, and wine drinking on coronary heart disease (CHD) events (fatal and nonfatal) and all-cause mortality. METHODS: Men aged 40 to 59 years (n = 7735) were drawn at random from one general practice in each of 24 British towns and followed up for an average of 16.8 years. RESULTS: Regular drinkers showed a significantly lower relative risk of CHD, but no all-cause mortality, than occasional drinkers, even after adjustment for potential confounders. The benefit for CHD of regular drinking was seen within both beer drinkers and spirit drinkers but not among men who reported wine drinking. However, all men who reported wine drinking (both occasional and regular) showed significantly lower age-adjusted risks of CHD and all-cause mortality than men drinking beer or spirits; beer and spirit drinkers showed similar risks. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that regular intake of all alcoholic drinks is associated with a lower risk of CHD, but not all-cause mortality, than occasional drinking. A large part, but not all, of the greater benefit seen in wine drinkers relative to other drinkers can be attributed to advantageous lifestyle characteristics (e.g., low rates of smoking and obesity). (+info)
(3/662) Fluid intake and the risk of bladder cancer in men.
BACKGROUND: Studies in animals have shown that the frequency of urination is inversely associated with the level of potential carcinogens in the urothelium. In humans, an increase in total fluid intake may reduce contact time between carcinogens and urothelium by diluting urinary metabolites and increasing the frequency of voiding. The data on fluid intake in relation to the risk of bladder cancer are inconclusive. METHODS: We examined the relation between total fluid intake and the risk of bladder cancer over a period of 10 years among 47,909 participants in the prospective Health Professionals Follow-up Study. There were 252 newly diagnosed cases of bladder cancer during the follow-up period. Information on total fluid intake was derived from the reported frequency of consumption of the 22 types of beverages on the food-frequency questionnaire, which was completed by each of the 47,909 participants who were free of cancer in 1986. Logistic-regression analyses were performed to adjust for known and suspected risk factors for bladder cancer. RESULTS: Total daily fluid intake was inversely associated with the risk of bladder cancer; the multivariate relative risk was 0.51 (95 percent confidence interval, 0.32 to 0.80) for the highest quintile of total daily fluid intake (>2531 ml per day) as compared with the lowest quintile (<1290 ml per day). The consumption of water contributed to a lower risk (relative risk, 0.49 [95 percent confidence interval, 0.28 to 0.86] for > or =1440 ml [6 cups] per day vs. <240 ml [1 cup] per day), as did the consumption of other fluids (relative risk, 0.63 [95 percent confidence interval, 0.39 to 0.99] for >1831 ml per day vs. <735 ml per day). CONCLUSIONS: A high fluid intake is associated with a decreased risk of bladder cancer in men. (+info)
(4/662) Does the concept of a standard drink apply to viticultural societies?
The use of standard drink units (SDUs) in the measurement of individual alcohol consumption has become widely popular in recent years. However, the ethanol content of drinks varies from country to country and is usually arrived at without scientific backing. The present study was designed to establish an SDU for a predominantly wine-drinking country (Spain). Two field studies were simultaneously conducted to gather data about home and public alcohol consumption in eight regions of the country with a total of 10751 subjects. The average alcohol content of a drink was very similar for wine and beer, whereas in the case of spirits it was almost double. Relevant differences were found across regions, drinking settings and city sizes. A Spanish SDU was set at 10 g of ethanol for wine and beer, with a measure of spirits accounting for two SDUs. The use of SDUs should be encouraged in primary health care settings. However, dispersion of data suggests that, when SDU is used as a screening tool, additional information should always be obtained in borderline cases. (+info)
(5/662) Alcohol intake, beverage preference, and risk of hip fracture in men and women. Copenhagen Centre for Prospective Population Studies.
The authors prospectively studied the association between quantity and type of alcohol intake and risk of hip fracture among 17,868 men and 13,917 women. Analyses were based on pooled data from three population studies conducted in 1964-1992 in Copenhagen, Denmark. During follow-up, 500 first hip fractures were identified in women and 307 in men. A low to moderate weekly alcohol intake (1-27 drinks for men and 1-13 drinks for women) was not associated with hip fracture. Among men, the relative risk of hip fracture gradually increased for those who drank 28 drinks or more per week (relative risk (RR) = 1.75, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.06-2.89 for 28-41 drinks; RR = 5.28, 95% CI 2.60-10.70 for 70 or more drinks) as compared with abstainers. Women who drank 14-27 drinks per week had an age-adjusted relative risk of hip fracture of 1.44 (95% CI 1.03-2.03), but the association weakened after adjustment for confounders (RR = 1.32, 95% CI 0.92-1.87). The risk of hip fracture differed according to the type of alcohol preferred: preferrers of beer had a higher risk of hip fracture (RR = 1.46, 95% CI 1.11-1.91) than preferrers of other types of alcoholic beverages. The corresponding relative risks for preferrers of wine and spirits were 0.77 (95% CI 0.58-1.03) and 0.82 (95% CI 0.58-1.14), respectively. In conclusion, an alcohol intake within the current European drinking limits does not influence the risk of hip fracture, whereas an alcohol intake of more than 27 drinks per week is a major risk factor for men. (+info)
(6/662) Effect of ethanol on the urinary excretion of cyclohexanol and cyclohexanediols, biomarkers of the exposure to cyclohexanone, cyclohexane and cyclohexanol in humans.
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the acute effect of ethanol (EtOH) on the urinary excretion of cyclohexanol (CH-ol), 1,2- and 1,4-cyclohexanediol (CH-diol), biomarkers of exposure to important solvents, and chemical intermediates cyclohexanone (CH-one), cyclohexane (CH) and cyclohexanol. METHODS: Volunteers (5-8 in each group) were exposed for 8 hours either to CH-one, CH or CH-ol vapor at concentrations of about 200, 1000, and 200 mg/m3, respectively, with concomitant ingestion of EtOH (4 14-g doses taken during the exposure). Urine was collected for 72 hours and analyzed for CH-ol and CH-diols using a procedure involving acidic hydrolysis and gas chromatographic determination. RESULTS: The metabolic yields of CH-ol, 1,2-, and 1,4-CH-diol, respectively, in the exposures with EtOH were as follows: 11.3%, 36%, 23% after the exposure to CH-one, 3.1%, 15%, 8% after the exposure to CH, and 6.6%, 24%, 18% after the exposure to CH-ol. [The corresponding values obtained previously in matching experiments without EtOH were as follows: 1.0%, 39%, 18% (CH-one); 0.5%, 23%, 11% (CH); and 1.1%, 19%, 8% (CH-ol).] The excretion curves of the metabolites in the exposures with EtOH were not delayed when compared with the corresponding curves of a comparison group. CONCLUSIONS: The urinary excretion of CH-diols is much less sensitive to EtOH than that of CH-ol. It is recommended to employ CH-diols as useful and more reliable biomarkers of exposure to CH-one, CH and CH-ol in field examinations. (+info)
(7/662) Plasma endothelin-1 elevation associated with alcohol-induced variant angina.
Vasospastic angina as a result of alcohol ingestion has been reported, but the mechanism of alcohol-induced coronary artery spasm is presently unknown. This report presents 2 cases of alcohol-induced variant angina (VA) with elevated levels of plasma endothelin-1 after alcohol ingestion. In case 1, the plasma endothelin-1 concentration was 3.15 pg/ml before drinking (normal <2.30 pg/ml) and increased to 4.09 pg/ml when measured 5 h after alcohol ingestion. After 2 months of abstinence, the plasma endothelin-1 concentration was 2.88 pg/ml and 6 months after abstinence, it decreased to 2.03 pg/ml (normal range). In case 2, the plasma endothelin-1 concentration was 2.44 pg/ml before drinking and increased to 4.36 pg/ml when measured 5 h after alcohol ingestion. After 2 months of abstinence, the plasma endothelin-1 concentration was 3.04 pg/ml and 6 months after abstinence, it decreased to 2.09 pg/ml (normal range). These 2 cases suggest that a relationship may exist between alcohol-induced VA and elevation in the plasma endothelin-1 concentration after alcohol ingestion. (+info)
(8/662) Alcohol consumption and cognitive performance in the Framingham Heart Study.
Recent studies have indicated that moderate alcohol intake may be beneficial to cognitive functioning in women, although not necessarily in men. Data from the Framingham Heart Study, a large, prospective study of cardiovascular disease in Framingham, Massachusetts, were used to examine the relation between alcohol consumption and cognitive ability. The major research question was whether a different alcohol-cognition relation would be found for male and female drinkers. Men (n = 733) and women (n = 1,053), aged 55-88 years, were queried as to their weekly intake of alcohol, and these data were used to construct groups of abstainers, very light, light, moderate, and heavy drinkers. Data from earlier reports of alcohol consumption were also examined. Participants were administered eight tests which reflect performance in the domains of verbal memory, learning, visual organization and memory, attention, abstract reasoning, and concept formation. Multivariate linear regression analyses were used with statistical adjustment for age, education, occupation, cardiovascular disease, and associated risk factors. Women who drank moderately (2-4 drinks/day) showed superior performance in many cognitive domains relative to abstainers. For men, superior performance was found within the range of 4-8 drinks/day, although fewer significant relations were observed. These results were confirmed by prospective analyses of 24-year drinking history. (+info)
consumption of alcoholic beverages
- It also includes the market size based on volume, which has been calculated based on the retail consumption of alcoholic beverages. (prnewswire.com)
- It is the purpose of this chapter to protect the public interest, welfare, health and safety within the Town of Williamson, by prohibiting the consumption of alcoholic beverages in public places within the town. (ecode360.com)
- The purpose of this chapter is to prohibit the consumption of alcoholic beverages in certain public places in order to prevent disorderly behavior and the littering of public places and to protect the public health, safety and welfare and to promote the public good. (ecode360.com)
- LONDON , May 25, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Alcoholic beverages are broadly categorized into three types: beer, spirits (distilled beverages), and wine. (prnewswire.com)
- Beer is the most widely consumed alcoholic beverage in the world. (prnewswire.com)
- No person shall carry or have in his or her possession within the Village of Walden any open bottle or open container containing liquor, wine, beer or other alcoholic beverage with the intent of the possessor or another to consume the same in any of the public places described in Subsection A of this section. (ecode360.com)
- This page is all about the nutrition of Alcoholic beverage, beer, light, MICHELOB ULTRA. (bellaonline.com)
- This chapter shall not apply to any person consuming alcoholic beverages in certain motor vehicles in violation of § 1227 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law of the State of New York as that section will cover such situations. (ecode360.com)
- This means that individuals drinking these beverages may consume more alcohol-and become more intoxicated-than they realize. (drugs.com)
- Kazakhstan has limited the sale of strong alcohol beverages. (rferl.org)
- Discard alcoholic or other beverage containers upon or from any public sidewalk, street, lane, highway, parking lot, park or recreation area or other public property within the Town of Williamson, except in the manner and place expressly designated for discarding trash. (ecode360.com)
- Editor's Note: This local law also repealed former Ch. 50, Alcoholic Beverages: Open Containers, adopted 9-27-1974 by L.L. No. 3-1974, as amended 12-14-1982 by L.L. No. 6-1982. (ecode360.com)
- Malt versions of premixed alcoholic beverages come in containers holding between 12 and 32 liquid ounces. (drugs.com)
- Brandy , alcoholic beverage distilled from wine or a fermented fruit mash. (britannica.com)
- According to one story, a Dutch shipmaster began the practice by concentrating wine for shipment, intending to add water upon reaching home port , but the concentrated beverage immediately found acceptance. (britannica.com)
- d) A wine direct shipper permitholder located outside of the state may annually renew its permit with the department by paying a ten-dollar ($10) renewal registration fee and providing the department with a true copy of its current alcoholic beverage license issued by another state. (ca.gov)
- Upon written application to the Village Board on forms provided by the Village Clerk, the Board may grant special permission for the use of alcoholic beverages in or on the public sidewalks, streets, highways, parking lots, bathing beach, public park or other public places, as defined by § 240.00 of the Penal Law of the State of New York, but only for the times, dates and places specified in the application. (ecode360.com)
- The alcoholic strength varies but is generally about 40 percent by volume. (britannica.com)
- According to the bill, alcoholic beverages stronger than 30 percent must not be sold anywhere, except bars and restaurants, between 2100 and 1200. (rferl.org)
- A bill that would allow retailers like supermarkets to obtain more alcoholic beverage licenses is making its way through the Massachusetts Legislature, State House News Service reports. (governing.com)
- The Town Board finds that possession of an open container of alcoholic beverage in a public place within the town has led to consumption of the same, resulting in public intoxication, disorderly conduct, disturbance of the public peace, littering of the public places and destruction of property. (ecode360.com)
- Social drinking of alcoholic beverages is a part of public culture. (templatemonster.com)
- Have in his possession an open or unsealed container of an alcoholic beverage while in any public place for the purpose of consuming such alcoholic beverage by himself or by another in any public place, except as permitted in the Town of Williamson Parks Law, § 32-32 . (ecode360.com)
- 3) Provide the department its California alcoholic beverage license number or a true copy of its current alcoholic beverage license issued by another state. (ca.gov)
- The manufacturers of these products have failed to show that the direct addition of caffeine to their malt beverages is "generally recognized as safe" by qualified experts. (drugs.com)
- In addition, other alcoholic beverages containing added caffeine may be subject to agency action in the future if scientific data indicate that the use of caffeine in those products does not meet safety standards. (drugs.com)
- On Nov. 17, 2010, FDA announced that it had sent warning letters to four companies that make malt versions of these beverages, advising them that the caffeine included as a separate ingredient is an "unsafe food additive. (drugs.com)
- FDA issued its November 2010 warning letters to four companies that make caffeinated alcoholic beverages: Charge Beverages Corp., New Century Brewing Co. LLC, Phusion Projects LLC (which does business as the Drink Four Brewing Co.), and United Brands. (drugs.com)
- Alcoholic beverage produced by extracting raw materials with water, boiling (usually with hops), and fermenting. (britannica.com)