Aircraft: A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)Noise, Transportation: Noise associated with transportation, particularly aircraft and automobiles.Aviation: Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.Accidents, AviationAerospace Medicine: That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)Airports: Terminal facilities used for aircraft takeoff and landing and including facilities for handling passengers. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed.)Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium: A plant species of the genus CHRYSANTHEMUM, family ASTERACEAE. The flowers contain PYRETHRINS, cinerolones, and chrysanthemines which are powerful contact insecticides. Most in the old Pyrethrum genus are reclassified to TANACETUM; some to other ASTERACEAE genera.Dyssomnias: A broad category of sleep disorders characterized by either hypersomnolence or insomnia. The three major subcategories include intrinsic (i.e., arising from within the body) (SLEEP DISORDERS, INTRINSIC), extrinsic (secondary to environmental conditions or various pathologic conditions), and disturbances of circadian rhythm. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Tritolyl Phosphates: A mixture of isomeric tritolyl phosphates. Used in the sterilization of certain surgical instruments and in many industrial processes.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Chlorofluorocarbons, Methane: A group of methane-based halogenated hydrocarbons containing one or more fluorine and chlorine atoms.Motor Vehicles: AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Fuel Oils: Complex petroleum hydrocarbons consisting mainly of residues from crude oil distillation. These liquid products include heating oils, stove oils, and furnace oils and are burned to generate energy.Micro-Electrical-Mechanical Systems: A class of devices combining electrical and mechanical components that have at least one of the dimensions in the micrometer range (between 1 micron and 1 millimeter). They include sensors, actuators, microducts, and micropumps.Arabia: The great peninsula of southwest Asia comprising most of the present countries of the Middle East. It has been known since the first millennium B.C. In early times it was divided into Arabia Petraea, the northwest part, the only part ever conquered, becoming a Roman province; Arabia Deserta, the northern part between Syria and Mesopotamia; and Arabia Felix, the main part of the peninsula but by some geographers restricted to modern Yemen. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p63)Gravitation: Acceleration produced by the mutual attraction of two masses, and of magnitude inversely proportional to the square of the distance between the two centers of mass. It is also the force imparted by the earth, moon, or a planet to an object near its surface. (From NASA Thesaurus, 1988)Insecticides: Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.

*  Determining an empirical emission model for the auralization of jet aircraft
... it would be helpful to predict the audible aircraft sound and determine the impact of the aircraft sound on people. In a ... The obtained signal corresponds to the immission of a microphone flying along with the aircraft and rotating about it. The time ... Current methods for determining the impact of aircraft noise on annoyance and sleep disturbance are based on energetic ... this gives the possibility to determine the emission as function of aircraft conditions and observer angle. An inverse sound ...
  http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/publication/221227-determining-an-empirical-emission-model-for-the-auralization-of-jet-aircraft
*  Air Canada Reaches Deal With Unions Over New A/c - Airliners.net
Government Aircraft Aircraft flying government officials Helicopters Our large helicopter section. Both military and civil ... Air to Air Photos taken by airborne photographers of airborne aircraft Special Paint Schemes Aircraft painted in beautiful and ... Aircraft Cabins Passenger cabin shots showing seat arrangements as well as cargo aircraft interior ... Jazz capped at 50 crj100/200 aircraft Future orders to be decided by Teplisky and and that process to be started soon. ACPA has ...
  http://www.airliners.net/forum/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=247149
*  Questions You Would Ask A Russian Airline Pilot? - Airliners.net
Government Aircraft Aircraft flying government officials Helicopters Our large helicopter section. Both military and civil ... Air to Air Photos taken by airborne photographers of airborne aircraft Special Paint Schemes Aircraft painted in beautiful and ... Aircraft Cabins Passenger cabin shots showing seat arrangements as well as cargo aircraft interior ... How do you find the transition between Russian aircraft and Western aircraft? Overall, what is the main, characteristic ...
  http://www.airliners.net/forum/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=115369
*  Flight Attendant School On Tonight 1/26 - Airliners.net
Government Aircraft Aircraft flying government officials Helicopters Our large helicopter section. Both military and civil ... Air to Air Photos taken by airborne photographers of airborne aircraft Special Paint Schemes Aircraft painted in beautiful and ... Aircraft Cabins Passenger cabin shots showing seat arrangements as well as cargo aircraft interior ... Military Aircraft Every type from fighters to helicopters from air forces around the globe ...
  http://www.airliners.net/forum/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=377015
*  VERTIGO AS A CAUSE OF PILOT ERROR IN JET AIRCRAFT.
It was found that 96 per cent of the pilots had experienced vertigo while flying jet aircraft and that the nature of vertigo ... The most frequent illusary experience was found to involve confusions with regard to the attitude and motion of the aircraft. ... One hundred and thirty-seven jet pilots were studied to obtain information regarding their vertigo experiences in jet aircraft ... was essentially the same as that found during flight in propeller driven aircraft. ...
  http://oai.dtic.mil/oai/oai?verb=getRecord&metadataPrefix=html&identifier=AD0468151
*  How To Get Oil Off A Car Window - Airliners.net
Government Aircraft Aircraft flying government officials Helicopters Our large helicopter section. Both military and civil ... Air to Air Photos taken by airborne photographers of airborne aircraft Special Paint Schemes Aircraft painted in beautiful and ... Aircraft Cabins Passenger cabin shots showing seat arrangements as well as cargo aircraft interior ... Military Aircraft Every type from fighters to helicopters from air forces around the globe ...
  http://www.airliners.net/forum/viewtopic.php?f=11&t=1162057
*  Global Market Study on Commercial Aircraft: Narrow Body Aircraft Segment Shows Highest Growth | Webnewswire
Global Market Study on Commercial Aircraft: Narrow Body Aircraft Segment Shows Highest Growth. Nov 15, 2017 , Business , 0 , ... According to a new report titled "Global Market Study on Commercial Aircraft: Narrow Body Aircraft to Soar Highest During the ... On the other hand, report analyzes that wide-body aircraft falls behind in the market of commercial aircraft owing to the ... As per the report, commercial aircraft is meant for both jetliners ferrying passengers as well as aircraft handling cargo. Over ...
  http://www.webnewswire.com/2017/11/15/global-market-study-on-commercial-aircraft-narrow-body-aircraft-segment-shows-highest-growth/
*  Billions for Boeing - The Engineer The Engineer
JAL said in a statement that it is ordering the new aircraft in response to increased capacity at Tokyo's Haneda Airport's and ... The order, comprised of five firm and five optional aircraft, makes the carrier the first Africa-based operator of the new 787. ... Japan Airlines plans to buy 30 Boeing 737s, with options for 10 additional small passenger aircraft in the same class. The ... Ethiopian said that it ordered the aircraft, formerly known as the 7E7, for its 'outstanding technical, performance and ...
  https://www.theengineer.co.uk/issues/february-2005-online/billions-for-boeing-2/
*  Military Aviation & Space Flight - Page 5 - Airliners.net
Government Aircraft Aircraft flying government officials Helicopters Our large helicopter section. Both military and civil ... Air to Air Photos taken by airborne photographers of airborne aircraft Special Paint Schemes Aircraft painted in beautiful and ... Aircraft Cabins Passenger cabin shots showing seat arrangements as well as cargo aircraft interior ... WWII fighter aircraft kill statistics Posted by MrHMSH, Fri May 12, 2017 12:14 am ...
  http://cdn-www.airliners.net/forum/viewforum.php?f=10&sid=0829bfd94016e4a557e0f7d4fcdb1b78&start=200
*  Aircraft lavatory - Wikipedia
An aircraft lavatory is a small room on an aircraft with a toilet and sink. An early aircraft fitted with a toilet was the 1921 ... Lavatories per passenger provided aboard aircraft vary considerably from airline to airline and aircraft to aircraft. On board ... Each aircraft equipped with a bathroom or lavatory needs to discharge its waste somehow. After an inbound aircraft arrives it ... Smaller commuter aircraft and regional aircraft designed for short-haul flights may not be equipped with lavatories. Recently, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_lavatory
*  Westland Aircraft - Wikipedia
In 1935 Petters split its aircraft manufacturing from its aircraft engine concerns to form Westland Aircraft Limited, based in ... Westland Aircraft was a British aircraft manufacturer located in Yeovil in Somerset. Formed as a separate company by separation ... While the majority of fixed-wing aircraft design and construction lie in the British Aircraft Corporation and the Hawker ... but ended up becoming the centre for aircraft production. As a result of the experience gained in manufacturing aircraft under ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Westland_Aircraft
*  Aircraft - Wikipedia
A military aircraft is any aircraft that is operated by a legal or insurrectionary armed service of any type. Military aircraft ... The smallest aircraft are toys, and-even smaller -- nano-aircraft. The largest aircraft by dimensions and volume (as of 2016) ... These aircraft are often variants of civil aircraft. Most military aircraft are powered heavier-than-air types. Other types ... and aeronautical terms List of civil aircraft List of fighter aircraft List of individual aircraft List of large aircraft ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft
*  Aircraft pilot - Wikipedia
An aircraft pilot or aviator is a person who controls the flight of an aircraft by operating its directional flight controls. ... owner of Diamond Aircraft Austria said "Behind the curtain, aircraft manufacturers are working on a single-pilot cockpit where ... Operating an aircraft in Canada is regulated by the Aeronautics Act of 1985 and the Canadian Aviation Regulations provide rules ... Civilian pilots fly aircraft of all types privately for pleasure, charity, or in pursuance of a business, and/or commercially ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pilot_
*  Aircraft disinsection - Wikipedia
"Aircraft disinsection". International travel and health. World Health Organization. Retrieved 16 February 2016. "AIRCRAFT ... Aircraft disinsection is the use of insecticide on international flights and in other closed spaces for insect and disease ... Gratz, NG; Steffen, R; Cocksedge, W (2000). "Why aircraft disinsection?". Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 78 (8): ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_disinsection
*  Thrush Aircraft - Wikipedia
Thrush Aircraft is a U.S. aircraft manufacturer based in Albany, Georgia. It currently manufactures the Thrush series of ... Ayres Thrush List of aircraft manufacturers "Management". Thrush Aircraft. Retrieved 2012-08-21. "Directory: world airliners". ... In July 2001 Ayres filed for bankruptcy and the rights to the S-2 aircraft were passed to Quality Aerospace. On 30 July 2003 ... agricultural aircraft. Rockwell International originally built the facility in 1965 and operated it until it was purchased by ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thrush_Aircraft
*  Voodoo (aircraft) - Wikipedia
Again, in February 1962, the aircraft crashed. In March 1977, the aircraft suffered yet another crash. According to the ... The aircraft was then transferred to the Royal Canadian Air Force as a Mustang IV with serial number 9289 in February 1951. In ... In 1980, the aircraft was sold to William A. Speer, of La Mesa, California, who restored it. In 1988, it made its first ... The aircraft Ground looped or water swerved during the takeoff run. Stalled or mushed during the initial climb. The factors ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voodoo_(aircraft)
*  Chilton Aircraft - Wikipedia
Chilton Aircraft Ltd was a British aircraft design and manufacturing company of the late 1930s and 1940s. The company was ... The four aircraft were stored during the war and the jigs, spares and the half-completed D.W.2 were taken over by the College ... Four aircraft were built between early 1937 and July 1939, the last having a 45 h.p. Train 4T engine, being designated the D.W. ... These aircraft are powered by a Lycoming O-145 engine. The firm had been planning to make a small glider called the Chilton ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chilton_Aircraft
*  Stearman Aircraft - Wikipedia
Stearman Aircraft Corporation was an aircraft manufacturer in Wichita, Kansas. Although the company designed a range of other ... Lloyd Stearman established the Stearman Aircraft Corporation in 1927. Initially, the company was founded as Stearman Aircraft ... At this time, Boeing, which had been part of United Aircraft and Transport Corporation, became a separate business once again, ... Two years later, he sold it to the United Aircraft and Transport Corporation.[citation needed] In September 1934, anti-trust ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stearman_Aircraft
*  International Aircraft - Wikipedia
International Aircraft Corporation was an American 1920s aircraft manufacturer based at Cincinnati, Ohio. The International ... Only five or six aircraft were built which were followed by a single prototype International F-18 Air Coach, a five-passenger ... International F-17 Sportsman International F-18 Air Coach The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985), 1985 ... Orbis Publishing, Page 2213 Gampfer, Scott (27 July 2017). "International Aircraft Corporation". Cincinnati Museum Center. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Aircraft
*  Abaris Aircraft - Wikipedia
Abaris Aircraft Corporation (named after the mythological priest of Apollo) was a US aircraft manufacturer established in ... In addition, the company had embarked on development of a six-seat turboprop utility aircraft. Abaris Aircraft website. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abaris_Aircraft
*  Preceptor Aircraft - Wikipedia
Preceptor Aircraft was an American aircraft kit manufacturer located in Lake Lure, North Carolina and later in Rutherfordton, ... STOL King, a high wing STOL aircraft. Ultra Pup, a two seat high wing aircraft. Super Pup, a single seat experimental high wing ... N3 Pup, a single seat ultralight high wing aircraft. Stinger, a single seat ultralight high wing aircraft. Tacke, Willi; Marino ... Preceptor Aircraft was originally called Nostalgair and based in San Antonio, Texas. N3 Pup construction was subcontracted to a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Preceptor_Aircraft
*  Aircraft finance - Wikipedia
Aircraft finance refers to financing for the purchase and operation of aircraft. Complex aircraft finance (such as those ... most direct lending for aircraft purchases is accompanied by a security interest in the aircraft, so that the aircraft may be ... Some U.S. banks hold an aircraft "in trust" to protect the privacy of the true "owners" of the aircraft or to "secure U.S. ... Widebody aircraft are leased for 12 years, while narrowbody aircraft are leased for 10 years. Under a JLL, the airline receives ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aircraft_finance
*  Swift Aircraft - Wikipedia
Swift Aircraft plan to market the Swift II for the military and civilian markets when it becomes available. The aircraft will ... Swift Aircraft is a British aerospace manufacturer that designs the Swift II aerobatic training aircraft. The Swift II is a ... side-by-side, twin-seat training and aerobatic aircraft, and is currently in the final stages of design. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swift_Aircraft
*  Roland Aircraft - Wikipedia
Roland Aircraft is a German aircraft manufacturer based in Mendig. The company is owned by Roland Hauke and specializes in the ... "Kontakt". Roland-aircraft.de. Retrieved 2012-08-29. Bayerl, Robby; Martin Berkemeier; et al: World Directory of Leisure ... manufacture of all-metal aircraft, made from aluminium sheet. While known for its Roland Me 109 Replica, the company also ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roland_Aircraft
*  Cocooning (aircraft) - Wikipedia
Cocooning is the practice of coating stored equipment or machinery (typically aircraft) for protection. Aircraft boneyard " ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cocooning_(aircraft)

Aircraft cabin: An aircraft cabin is the section of an aircraft in which passengers travel. At cruising altitudes of modern commercial aircraft the surrounding atmosphere is too thin for passengers and crew to breathe without an oxygen mask, so cabins are pressurized at a higher pressure than ambient pressure at altitude.List of Iowa railroads: The following railroads operate in the U.S.RAF Centre of Aviation Medicine: The RAF Centre of Aviation Medicine is a medical organisation run by the Royal Air Force at RAF Henlow in Bedfordshire. It is the main site of aviation medicine research in the UK.Northwest Airlines Flight 85List of Royal Air Force aircraft independent flights: This is a list of Royal Air Force independent Flights. An independent Flight is a military administrative structure which is used to command flying units where the number of aircraft is not large enough to warrant a fully fledged squadron.Laughlin/Bullhead International AirportPyrethrin IIDyssomniaCarte Jaune: The Carte Jaune or Yellow Card is an international certificate of vaccination (ICV). It is issued by the World Health Organisation.Refrigerant: A refrigerant is a substance or mixture, usually a fluid, used in a heat pump and refrigeration cycle. In most cycles it undergoes phase transitions from a liquid to a gas and back again.List of truck types: This List of truck types is intended to classify trucks and to provide links to articles on the various types. The three main classifications for road truck by weight are light trucks, medium trucks, and heavy trucks.Glen Davis Shale Oil Works: The Glen Davis Shale Oil Works was a shale oil extraction plant in Glen Davis, New South Wales, Australia which operated from 1940 until 1952 and was the last oil-shale operation in Australia until the Stuart Oil Shale Project in the late 1990s.Surface tension-driven nanoelectromechanical relaxation oscillatorFujiyama (roller coaster)Insecticide: An insecticide is a substance used to kill insects. They include ovicides and larvicides used against insect eggs and larvae, respectively.

(1/465) Air evacuation under high-level biosafety containment: the aeromedical isolation team.

Military contingency operations in tropical environments and potential use of biological weapons by adversaries may place troops at risk for potentially lethal contagious infections (e.g., viral hemorrhagic fevers, plague, and zoonotic poxvirus infections). Diagnosis and treatment of such infections would be expedited by evacuating a limited number of patients to a facility with containment laboratories. To safely evacuate such patients by military aircraft and minimize the risk for transmission to air crews, caregivers, and civilians, the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases maintains an aeromedical isolation team. This rapid response team, which has worldwide airlift capability designed to evacuate and manage patients under high-level containment, also offers a portable containment laboratory, limited environmental decontamination, and specialized consultative expertise. This article also examines technical aspects of the team's equipment, training, capabilities, and deployments.  (+info)

(2/465) Two cases of Chromobacterium violaceum infection after injury in a subtropical region.

Chromobacterium violaceum is a gram-negative rod and is isolated from soil and water in tropical and subtropical regions. The species have pigmented and nonpigmented colony types. Infections caused by nonpigmented strains are rare. We report on two cases of infection caused by both pigmented and nonpigmented strains of C. violaceum. Two 24-year-old Korea Airline stewardesses were admitted to Inha University Hospital, Inchon, South Korea, on 9 August 1997, 3 days after an airplane accident in Guam. Both had multiple lacerations on exposed parts of their bodies. There was swelling, tenderness, and pus discharge. The wounds contained many small fragments of stones and weeds. A pigmented strain was isolated from the left hand and a nonpigmented strain was isolated from the left knee of one patient. For the other patient only a nonpigmented strain was isolated from a foot wound. The nonpigmented colonies from the left-knee and the left-foot wounds did not produce any pigment even after an extended period of incubation. The biochemical characteristics were the same for each strain except for oxidase and indole reactions. The pigmented strain was oxidase negative and indole positive, whereas the nonpigmented strains were oxidase positive and indole negative. The patients were successfully treated by debridement and with appropriate antibiotics.  (+info)

(3/465) Pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms in a population of airport workers.

OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and to measure spirometry in a sample of employees of Birmingham International Airport, United Kingdom, to examine whether occupational exposure to aircraft fuel or jet stream exhaust might be associated with respiratory symptoms or abnormalities of lung function. METHODS: Cross sectional survey by questionnaire and on site measurement of lung function, skin prick tests, and exhaled carbon monoxide concentrations. Occupational exposure was assigned by job title, between group comparison were made by logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: 222/680 full time employees were studied (mean age 38.6 y, 63% male, 28% current smokers, 6% self reported asthma, 19% self reported hay fever). Upper and lower respiratory tract symptoms were common and 51% had one or more positive skin tests. There were no significant differences in lung function tests between exposure groups. Between group comparisons of respiratory symptoms were restricted to male members of the medium and high exposure groups. The adjusted odds ratio (OR) for cough with phlegm and runny nose were found to be significantly associated with high exposure (OR 3.5, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.23 to 9.74 and 2.9, 1.32 to 6.40 respectively) when the measured confounding effects of age and smoking, and in the case of runny nose, self reported hay fever had been taken into account. There was no obvious association between high exposure and the presence of shortness of breath or wheeze, or for the symptoms of watering eyes or stuffy nose. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support an association in male airport workers, between high occupational exposures to aviation fuel or jet stream exhaust and excess upper and lower respiratory tract symptoms, in keeping with a respiratory irritant. It is more likely that these effects reflect exposure to exhaust rather than fuel, although the effects of an unmeasured agent cannot be discounted.  (+info)

(4/465) Medical advice for commercial air travelers.

Family physicians are often asked to advise patients who are preparing to travel. The Air Carrier Access Act of 1986 has enabled more passengers with medical disabilities to choose air travel. All domestic U.S. airlines are required to carry basic (but often limited) medical equipment, although several physiologic stresses associated with flight may predispose travelers with underlying medical conditions to require emergency care. Recommendations for passengers with respiratory, cardiac or postsurgical conditions must be individualized and should be based on objective testing measures. Specific advice for patients with diabetes, postsurgical or otolaryngologic conditions may make air travel less hazardous for these persons. Air travel should be delayed after scuba diving to minimize the chance of developing decompression sickness. Although no quick cure for jet lag exists, several simple suggestions may make travel across time zones more comfortable.  (+info)

(5/465) Reactions of migrating birds to lights and aircraft.

Midair collsions between birds and aircraft pose a hazard for both. While observing migrating birds with a tracking radar, we find that birds often react, by taking evasive maneuvers, at distances of 200-300 m to both searchlight beams and the approach of a small airplane with its landing lights on. Appropriately arranged lights on aircraft should decrease the hazard of collisions with birds.  (+info)

(6/465) Estimates of stratospheric pollution by an analytic model.

With suitable choices of the height profile of eddy diffusion coefficient, the vertical flow of an inert tracer is given by an analytic solution. Odd nitrogen, or NOX, from aircraft exhausts can be regarded as such a tracer, and the amount in the stratosphere resulting from a source of a given strength can be immediately calculated. The resulting destruction of ozone is then estimated with the help of a formula obtained from earlier work.  (+info)

(7/465) Mortality among aircraft manufacturing workers.

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the risk of cancer and other diseases among workers engaged in aircraft manufacturing and potentially exposed to compounds containing chromate, trichloroethylene (TCE), perchloroethylene (PCE), and mixed solvents. METHODS: A retrospective cohort mortality study was conducted of workers employed for at least 1 year at a large aircraft manufacturing facility in California on or after 1 January 1960. The mortality experience of these workers was determined by examination of national, state, and company records to the end of 1996. Standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) were evaluated comparing the observed numbers of deaths among workers with those expected in the general population adjusting for age, sex, race, and calendar year. The SMRs for 40 cause of death categories were computed for the total cohort and for subgroups defined by sex, race, position in the factory, work duration, year of first employment, latency, and broad occupational groups. Factory job titles were classified as to likely use of chemicals, and internal Poisson regression analyses were used to compute mortality risk ratios for categories of years of exposure to chromate, TCE, PCE, and mixed solvents, with unexposed factory workers serving as referents. RESULTS: The study cohort comprised 77,965 workers who accrued nearly 1.9 million person-years of follow up (mean 24.2 years). Mortality follow up, estimated as 99% complete, showed that 20,236 workers had died by 31 December 1996, with cause of death obtained for 98%. Workers experienced low overall mortality (all causes of death SMR 0.83) and low cancer mortality (SMR 0.90). No significant increases in risk were found for any of the 40 specific cause of death categories, whereas for several causes the numbers of deaths were significantly below expectation. Analyses by occupational group and specific job titles showed no remarkable mortality patterns. Factory workers estimated to have been routinely exposed to chromate were not at increased risk of total cancer (SMR 0.93) or of lung cancer (SMR 1.02). Workers routinely exposed to TCE, PCE, or a mixture of solvents also were not at increased risk of total cancer (SMRs 0.86, 1.07, and 0.89, respectively), and the numbers of deaths for specific cancer sites were close to expected values. Slight to moderately increased rates of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma were found among workers exposed to TCE or PCE, but none was significant. A significant increase in testicular cancer was found among those with exposure to mixed solvents, but the excess was based on only six deaths and could not be linked to any particular solvent or job activity. Internal cohort analyses showed no significant trends of increased risk for any cancer with increasing years of exposure to chromate or solvents. CONCLUSIONS: The results from this large scale cohort study of workers followed up for over 3 decades provide no clear evidence that occupational exposures at the aircraft manufacturing factory resulted in increases in the risk of death from cancer or other diseases. Our findings support previous studies of aircraft workers in which cancer risks were generally at or below expected levels.  (+info)

(8/465) Kinematic synergy adaptation to microgravity during forward trunk movement.

The aim of the present investigation was to see whether the kinematic synergy responsible for equilibrium control during upper trunk movement was preserved in absence of gravity constraints. In this context, forward trunk movements were studied during both straight-and-level flights (earth-normal gravity condition: normogravity) and periods of weightlessness in parabolic flights (microgravity). Five standing adult subjects had their feet attached to a platform, their eyes were open, and their hands were clasped behind their back. They were instructed to bend the trunk (the head and the trunk together) forward by approximately 35 degrees with respect to the vertical in the sagittal plane as fast as possible in response to a tone, and then to hold the final position for 3 s. The initial and final anteroposterior center of mass (CM) positions (i.e., 200 ms before the onset of the movement and 400 ms after the offset of the movement, respectively), the time course of the anteroposterior CM shift during the movement, and the electromyographic (EMG) pattern of the main muscles involved in the movement were studied under both normo- and microgravity. The kinematic synergy was quantified by performing a principal components analysis on the hip, knee, and ankle angle changes occurring during the movement. The results indicate that 1) the anteroposterior position of the CM remains minimized during performance of forward trunk movement in microgravity, in spite of the absence of equilibrium constraints; 2) the strong joint coupling between hip, knee, and ankle, which characterizes the kinematic synergy in normogravity and which is responsible for the minimization of the CM shift during movement, is preserved in microgravity. It represents an invariant parameter controlled by the CNS. 3) The EMG pattern underlying the kinematic synergy is deeply reorganized. This is in contrast with the invariance of the kinematic synergy. It is concluded that during short-term microgravity episodes, the kinematic synergy that minimizes the anteroposterior CM shift is surprisingly preserved due to fast adaptation of the muscle forces to the new constraint.  (+info)



  • 2016
  • A MV-22B Osprey, from Marine Operational Test and Evaluation Squadron 1, lifts off from the flight deck of the aircraft carrier USS Carl Vinson (CVN 70) on June 12, 2016. (cnn.com)
  • Tug boats maneuver the aircraft carrier Pre-Commissioning Unit Gerald R. Ford (CVN 78) into the James River during the ship's turn ship evolution on June 11, 2016. (cnn.com)
  • The aircraft carrier USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN 69) (Ike) transits through the Strait of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean Sea on June 13, 2016. (cnn.com)
  • U.S. aircraft carrier classes - U.S. Secretary of Defense Ash Carter (left) and Philippine Secretary of National Defense Voltaire Gazmin shake hands on a Marine Corps V-22 Osprey as they depart the the aircraft carrier USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74) after touring the aircraft carrier as it sailed in the South China Sea on April 15, 2016. (cnn.com)
  • carrier
  • It is generally very difficult for borrowers to obtain affordable private unsecured financing of an aircraft purchase, unless the borrower is deemed particularly creditworthy (e.g. an established carrier with high equity and a steady cash flow). (wikipedia.org)
  • The F/A-18 Super Hornet is a twin-engine, supersonic, all weather multirole fighter jet that is capable of landing and taking off from an aircraft carrier. (boeing.com)
  • China's lone aircraft carrier is prowling the Pacific as the country seeks to assert its military might and build up its naval warfare capabilities. (cnn.com)
  • Chinese J-15 fighter jets wait on the deck of the Liaoning aircraft carrier during military drills in December. (cnn.com)
  • China's state-run Global Times media agency published an editorial on Christmas Day, timed to coincide with the aircraft carrier Liaoning's maneuvers. (cnn.com)
  • When China's aircraft carrier fleet appears in offshore areas of the US one day, it will trigger intense thinking about maritime rules. (cnn.com)
  • China has no corps of experienced naval aviators and aircraft carrier crewmen on which to build their carrier force," Schuster said in an email to CNN. (cnn.com)
  • Sailors spell out #USA with the American flag on the flight deck of the Nimitz-class aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt in the Persian Gulf in late June 2015. (cnn.com)
  • NAeL Minas Gerais (pennant number A 11 ) was a Colossus -class aircraft carrier operated by the Marinha do Brasil (MB, Brazilian Navy) from 1960 until 2001. (wikipedia.org)
  • Between 1987 and 1996, the carrier was unable to operate fixed-wing aircraft because of a defective catapult , and was retasked as a helicopter carrier and amphibious assault ship . (wikipedia.org)
  • At the time of her decommissioning, she was the oldest operational aircraft carrier in the world, and the last operational unit of the World War II Light Fleet design . (wikipedia.org)
  • After commissioning, Vengeance was assigned to the 11th Aircraft Carrier Squadron, which was attached to the British Pacific Fleet . (wikipedia.org)
  • During the leadup to the 1955 presidential election , Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira , governor of the state of Minas Gerais promised Brazilian admirals to acquire an aircraft carrier for the Marinha do Brasil (MB, Brazilian Navy). (wikipedia.org)
  • As we'll see, the modern aircraft carrier is one of the most amazing vehicles ever created. (howstuffworks.com)
  • At its most basic level, an aircraft carrier is simply a ship outfitted with a flight deck -- a runway area for launching and landing airplanes . (howstuffworks.com)
  • So, while the U.S. military would have to make special arrangements with a foreign nation to set up a land military base, it can freely move a carrier battle group (an assembly of an aircraft carrier and six to eight other warships) all over the globe, just as if it were a little piece of the United States. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Bombers, fighters and other aircraft can fly a variety of missions into enemy territory, and then return to the relatively safe home base of the carrier group. (howstuffworks.com)
  • This is a major milestone that brings the country's newest aircraft carrier another step closer to delivery and commissioning later this year. (cnn.com)
  • The Nimitz-class aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan (CVN 76) arrives at the U.S. Navy base in Yokosuka, a suburb of Tokyo, Japan, on October 1, 2015. (cnn.com)
  • A rainbow forms over the bow of the Nimitz-class aircraft carrier USS John C. Stennis as the ship steams in the Pacific Ocean on February 3, 2015. (cnn.com)
  • A photo illustration of the U.S. Navy's Gerald R. Ford-class aircraft carrier USS John F. Kennedy (CVN-79). (cnn.com)
  • The aircraft carrier USS Harry S. Truman (CVN 75) passes under the Friendship Bridge while transiting the Suez Canal on Dec. 14, 2015. (cnn.com)
  • Aviation Structural Mechanic Airman V. Sek, assigned to the "Jolly Rogers" of Strike Fighter Squadron (VFA) 103, applies a Christmas decal to an F/A-18F Super Hornet in the hangar bay of the Nimitz-class aircraft carrier USS Harry S. Truman in December 2015. (cnn.com)
  • 2000
  • Burl A Rogers purchased the Aircraft Type Certificate for the Aeronca Sedan in July 2000 from William Brad Mitchell and has since then manufactured parts for the design and issued Service Bulletins. (wikipedia.org)
  • civilian
  • Swift Aircraft plan to market the Swift II for the military and civilian markets when it becomes available. (wikipedia.org)
  • Civilian pilots fly aircraft of all types privately for pleasure, charity, or in pursuance of a business, and/or commercially for non-scheduled (charter) and scheduled passenger and cargo air carriers (airlines), corporate aviation, agriculture (crop dusting, etc.), forest fire control, law enforcement, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most AIRCRAFT TECHNICIANS who work on civilian aircraft are certified by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) as airframe or powerplant technicians, avionics repairers, or combination airframe-and-powerplant technicians (A & P Technicians). (act.org)
  • Noise
  • Aircraft and airport noise are complex subject matters which have been studied for decades and are still the focus of many research efforts today.Here you will find information about aircraft and airport noise and who to contact if you have a question, concern, or complaint about noise issues. (faa.gov)
  • The FAA recognizes that aircraft noise issues can be highly technical and complex. (faa.gov)
  • The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) pursues a program of aircraft noise control in cooperation with the aviation community. (faa.gov)
  • Noise control measures include noise reduction at the source, i.e., development and adoption of quieter aircraft, soundproofing and buyouts of buildings near airports, operational flight control measures, and land use planning strategies. (faa.gov)
  • Aircraft noise is regulated through standards. (faa.gov)
  • The standard requires that the aircraft meet or fall below designated noise levels. (faa.gov)
  • The FAA has an active program, The Continuous Lower Energy, Emissions, and Noise (CLEEN) program, to advance the development of technologies to further reduce noise from aircraft. (faa.gov)
  • One of the goals of the CLEEN program is to develop certifiable aircraft technology that reduces noise levels by 32dB cumulative, relative to the ICAO noise standards. (faa.gov)
  • Because aviation is international, some (but not all) of the measures needed to reduce aircraft noise disturbance should be undertaken internationally. (sae.org)
  • International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is up to this task if national authorities give it its proper role: it has already made the right start towards establishing aircraft noise certification standards. (sae.org)
  • The paper presents a concise view of federal regulatory activities in the area of aircraft noise. (sae.org)
  • company was founded
  • Initially, the company was founded as Stearman Aircraft Corporation in October 1926 at Venice, California, where four C1 and C2 biplanes were built before production halted for financial reasons. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company was founded in 1982 by Burl A Rogers, to design, engineer and manufacture Federal Aviation Administration approved parts for light aircraft. (wikipedia.org)
  • naval
  • The ship underwent a four-year conversion in the Netherlands to make her capable of operating heavier naval aircraft. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation
  • citation needed] In September 1934, anti-trust legislation forced United to separate its airline and aircraft manufacturing operations. (wikipedia.org)
  • operational
  • To ensure the safety of people in the air and on the ground, early aviation soon required that aircraft be under the operational control of a properly trained, certified pilot at all times, who is responsible for the safe and legal completion of the flight. (wikipedia.org)
  • stages
  • The Swift II is a side-by-side, twin-seat training and aerobatic aircraft, and is currently in the final stages of design. (wikipedia.org)
  • For civil jet aircraft, there are four stages identified, with Stage 1 being the loudest and Stage 4 being the quietest. (faa.gov)
  • operate
  • In addition, aircraft at or under 75,000 pounds maximum take-off weight must meet Stage 2, 3, or 4 to operate within the U.S. In addition, by December 31, 2015, all civil jet aircraft, regardless of weight must meet Stage 3 or Stage 4 to fly within the contiguous U.S. Both Stage 1 and Stage 2 helicopters are allowed to fly within the U.S. (faa.gov)
  • The Cessna 150 is one of the most cost effective aircraft a club can operate. (aopa.org)
  • built
  • Only five or six aircraft were built which were followed by a single prototype International F-18 Air Coach, a five-passenger cabin monoplane. (wikipedia.org)
  • The second aircraft was built at the Peregrine Aircraft Company in Minden Nevada. (wikipedia.org)
  • The F-15's two 29,000 pound-thrust engines push it to two and a half times the speed of sound, making it the eighth fastest aircraft ever built. (boeing.com)
  • type
  • Aircraft may be classified by different criteria, such as lift type, aircraft propulsion, usage and others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Small hot-air balloons called sky lanterns were first invented in ancient China prior to the 3rd century BC and used primarily in cultural celebrations, and were only the second type of aircraft to fly, the first being kites which were first invented in ancient China over two thousand years ago (see Han Dynasty). (wikipedia.org)
  • On 30 July 2003 Quality Aerospace transferred the type certificates of the S-2 to Thrush Aircraft. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sedan is known to the FAA as the Burl A. Rogers 15AC Sedan since the purchase of the type certificate, although no complete aircraft have yet been produced by the company. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Aircraft Spotlight feature looks at an airplane type and evaluates it across six areas of particular interest to flying clubs and their members: Operating Cost, Maintenance, Insurability, Training, Cross-Country, and Fun Factor. (aopa.org)
  • Complex
  • Complex aircraft finance (such as those schemes employed by airlines) shares many characteristics with maritime finance, and to a lesser extent with project finance. (wikipedia.org)
  • design
  • Chilton Aircraft Ltd was a British aircraft design and manufacturing company of the late 1930s and 1940s. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aircraft had a clean aerodynamic design, which required split flaps to lower the landing speed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aircraft Designs Inc is a US aircraft design and manufacturing firm founded in Monterey, California by Martin Hollmann in 1986. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many disciplines are involved in the design and development of an aircraft. (dlr.de)
  • During a symposium held from the 4-6 December 2012, researchers gathered in Hamburg to deal with the design of future generations of aircraft. (dlr.de)
  • In addition, numerous universities active in the field of aircraft design were present - including, among others, the Chinese Northwestern Polytechnical University. (dlr.de)
  • Using the DLR software, a variety of knowledge is collected and combined to achieve a coordinated overall aircraft design. (dlr.de)
  • RCE offers an ideal platform for engineers from, for example Europe, Asia and America, to jointly design an aircraft," says Seider, who is responsible for the development of RCE. (dlr.de)
  • operators
  • These terms are often less attractive for larger operators, which can obtain aircraft less expensively through other financing methods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Page
  • Kitplanes Staff: 2008 Kit Aircraft Directory, page 77-78, Kitplanes Magazine December 2007 Volume 24, Number 12, Belvior Publications, Aviation Publishing Group LLC. (wikipedia.org)
  • Federal Aviation Admin
  • AIRCRAFT TECHNICIANS perform scheduled maintenance, make repairs, and complete inspections required by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to keep jets, prop planes, helicopters, and other aircraft in top operating condition. (act.org)
  • find
  • Heavier-than-air aircraft, such as airplanes, must find some way to push air or gas downwards, so that a reaction occurs (by Newton's laws of motion) to push the aircraft upwards. (wikipedia.org)
  • We'll learn what's on the different decks, take a look at the amazing machines that help launch and land aircraft, and find out a little about daily life on these enormous floating bases. (howstuffworks.com)
  • flights
  • Aircraft disinsection is the use of insecticide on international flights and in other closed spaces for insect and disease control. (wikipedia.org)
  • make
  • The Growler's unique airborne electronic attack capabilities make it one of the first aircraft into the fight, as it suppresses ground defenses for other strikes. (boeing.com)
  • aviation
  • The human activity that surrounds aircraft is called aviation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Commercial aircraft are often leased through a Commercial Aircraft Sales and Leasing (CASL) company, the two largest of which are International Lease Finance Corporation (ILFC) and GE Commercial Aviation Services (GECAS). (wikipedia.org)
  • This aircraft was featured on the cover of Aviation Week in June 1994, with a full pilots report. (wikipedia.org)
  • The agency does not have the authority to prohibit aircraft overflights of a particular geographic area unless the operation is unsafe, or the aircraft is operated in a manner inconsistent with Federal Aviation Regulations. (faa.gov)
  • EAA's Flight Advisors program is designed to increase sport aviation safety by developing a corps of volunteers who have demonstrated expertise in specific areas of flying and making them available to EAA members who may be preparing to fly an unfamiliar aircraft. (eaa.org)
  • wings
  • Aerodynamic lift involving wings is the most common, with fixed-wing aircraft being kept in the air by the forward movement of wings, and rotorcraft by spinning wing-shaped rotors sometimes called rotary wings. (wikipedia.org)
  • sold
  • After Burke's death from a heart attack, Vulcan was sold to the Davis Aircraft Company in Richmond, Indiana, marketing the parasol as the Davis V-3. (wikipedia.org)
  • event
  • Andrew Dalrymple was killed in a crash of a Fi Storch on 25 December 1945 near Hungerford, and this event soon ended aircraft production. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because the cost of a commercial aircraft may be hundreds of millions of dollars, most direct lending for aircraft purchases is accompanied by a security interest in the aircraft, so that the aircraft may be repossessed in event of nonpayment. (wikipedia.org)
  • large
  • There were still no fixed-wing aircraft or non-rigid balloons large enough to be called airships, so "airship" came to be synonymous with these aircraft. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, certain governments finance the export of domestically produced aircraft through the Large Aircraft Sector Understanding (LASU). (wikipedia.org)
  • Having a known aircraft that was produced in large numbers makes getting insurance easy. (aopa.org)
  • originally
  • Preceptor Aircraft was originally called Nostalgair and based in San Antonio, Texas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Originally designed as a replacement to the 172, the Cardinal, ended up becoming an option that falls squarely between Cessna's two most popular single-engine aircraft. (aopa.org)
  • single seat
  • Van's RV series of aircraft, from the single-seat RV-3 to the latest RV-14, are all-aluminum, low-wing monoplanes of monocoque construction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The QF-16 is based on the F-16A and F-16C, the single-seat versions of the U.S. Air Force's single-engine supersonic, multi-role tactical aircraft. (boeing.com)