There was an error running the query [insert into queries_english (query) values ('agricultural workers' diseases') on duplicate key update repetitions=repetitions+1, last=now() - You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'diseases') on duplicate key update repetitions=repetitions+1, last=now()' at line 1]Medical search (Agricultural Workers' Diseases • Definitions)


Agricultural Workers' Diseases: Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Organophosphate Poisoning: Poisoning due to exposure to ORGANOPHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS, such as ORGANOPHOSPHATES; ORGANOTHIOPHOSPHATES; and ORGANOTHIOPHOSPHONATES.Gas PoisoningTransients and Migrants: People who frequently change their place of residence.Phosmet: An organothiophosphorus insecticide that has been used to control pig mange.Dust: Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Central AmericaAccidents, Occupational: Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.Chlorpyrifos: An organothiophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide and as an acaricide.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Butyrylcholinesterase: An aspect of cholinesterase (EC 3.1.1.8).Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Pesticide Residues: Pesticides or their breakdown products remaining in the environment following their normal use or accidental contamination.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.PolandAcetylcholinesterase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ACETYLCHOLINE to CHOLINE and acetate. In the CNS, this enzyme plays a role in the function of peripheral neuromuscular junctions. EC 3.1.1.7.Carbamates: Derivatives of carbamic acid, H2NC(=O)OH. Included under this heading are N-substituted and O-substituted carbamic acids. In general carbamate esters are referred to as urethanes, and polymers that include repeating units of carbamate are referred to as POLYURETHANES. Note however that polyurethanes are derived from the polymerization of ISOCYANATES and the singular term URETHANE refers to the ethyl ester of carbamic acid.Cholinesterase Inhibitors: Drugs that inhibit cholinesterases. The neurotransmitter ACETYLCHOLINE is rapidly hydrolyzed, and thereby inactivated, by cholinesterases. When cholinesterases are inhibited, the action of endogenously released acetylcholine at cholinergic synapses is potentiated. Cholinesterase inhibitors are widely used clinically for their potentiation of cholinergic inputs to the gastrointestinal tract and urinary bladder, the eye, and skeletal muscles; they are also used for their effects on the heart and the central nervous system.Insecticides: Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.IndiaOrganophosphorus Compounds: Organic compounds that contain phosphorus as an integral part of the molecule. Included under this heading is broad array of synthetic compounds that are used as PESTICIDES and DRUGS.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Workers' Compensation: Insurance coverage providing compensation and medical benefits to individuals because of work-connected injuries or disease.Sex Workers: People who engage in occupational sexual behavior in exchange for economic rewards or other extrinsic considerations.

*  Farmers Back Campaign For Safety
Around 15,000 farmers have got behind a campaign to promote safety at work after statistics revealed that 38 agricultural ... workers were killed last year in the UK. ... the highlighting of the fact that workers in the agricultural ... Industrial Disease Claims *Military Injury Compensation Claims *No Win No Fee Personal Injury Claims ... Figures for 2008/09 show that 27% of farm workers killed on the job died while working with moving machinery. Of those injured ...
  https://www.irwinmitchell.com/newsandmedia/2010/january/farmers-back-campaign-for-safety
*  Green tobacco sickness | Tobacco Control
1979) Studies on occupational health problems during agricultural operation of Indian tobacco workers. J Occup Med 21:45-47. ... 1993) NIOSH issues warning to tobacco harvesters. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for ... Younger workers are more likely than older workers to develop GTS.1-3 6 In one study, 58% of those suffering GTS were under age ... an Occupational Health Nurses in Agricultural Communities study of GTS was undertaken to educate tobacco workers and healthcare ...
  http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/7/3/294
*  Behavioral Health and the U.S. Agricultural Worker - NATIONAL CENTER FOR FARMWORKER HEALTH
... cardiovascular disease, respiratory diseases, and infectious diseases." The good news? There has been a dramatic growth in ... A study conducted by National Agricultural Worker Survey (NAWS) reported that 20% of male agricultural workers experienced some ... Agricultural Workers Anniversary Artwork & Artist Digital Stories Factsheet Farmworker Health Health Education Health Literacy ... Migrant agricultural workers who are separated from their families may be more susceptible to mental health disorders, such as ...
  http://www.ncfh.org/ncfh-blog/behavioral-health-and-the-us-agricultural-worker
*  Upper Midwest Agricultural Safety and Health Center - Surveillance for Zoonotic Diseases in Agricultural Workers in Minnesota
Center is one of nine Centers of Excellence in Agricultural Disease and Injury Research, Education, and Prevention funded by ... The Upper Midwest Agricultural Safety and Health (UMASH) ... Surveillance for Zoonotic Diseases in Agricultural Workers in ... Zoonotic diseases (diseases that can be passed between animals and people) are a risk to agricultural workers, their families, ... Surveillance for Zoonotic Diseases in Agricultural Workers in Minnesota. Co-Investigator. PILOT PROJECTS:. Pilot Project to ...
  http://umash.umn.edu/portfolio/surveillance-for-zoonotic-diseases-in-agricultural-workers-in-minnesota/
*  Ergonomics evaluation of a manually operated cassava chipping machine.
Agricultural Workers' Diseases / etiology*, prevention & control*. Agriculture / instrumentation*. Anthropometry. Attitude to ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Ergonomics-evaluation-manually-operated-cassava/10693836.html
*  Influenza Training | CIDRAP
Agricultural Worker Health and the Influenza Virus Measures that can protect agricultural workers from disease, including ... Ways in which disease patterns are tracked, and approaches to influenza surveillance among humans. ... Key milestones in the pH1N1 2009 influenza pandemic, disease patterns, and groups at high risk for influenza complications. ... CIDRAP - Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy. Academic Health Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN ...
  http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/ongoing-programs/influenza-training
*  NLM Classification Schedule WA
Classify agricultural workers' diseases in WA 400. WA 395. Health in developing countries (General) ... Classify works on epidemiologic methods for a specific disease with the disease. ... Classify works on diseases of school children in WS. Cf. WU 113 for dental hygiene. ... Classify works on particular diseases by system, etc. Cf. WF 405 Tuberculosis in the workplace; WR 600 Occupational dermatitis ...
  https://wwwsvlt.nlm.nih.gov/class/docs/class_wa.html
*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 00184521 - Distribution of lost-work-time claims for skin disease in California agriculture:...
The results were taken from the Supplementary Data System for California agricultural businesses. Only those injuries or ... The incidence of skin disease in California agricultural workers was reported for the years 1978 to 1983 by Standard Industrial ... NIOSH-Author; Agricultural-workers; Skin-diseases; Agricultural-industry; Skin-irritants; Skin-lesions; Farmers; Vegetation; ... The incidence of skin disease in California agricultural workers was reported for the years 1978 to 1983 by Standard Industrial ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/nioshtic-2/00184521.html
*  Antonio Segni - Wikipedia
A law of 21 March 1959 extended insurance against occupational diseases to agricultural workers (for 7 diseases). A law of 17 ... he studied to become a lawyer with a degree in agricultural and commercial law. Segni joined the Italian People's Party ( ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Segni
*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20023672 - West Nile virus infection among turkey breeder farm workers - Wisconsin, 2002.
... antibody among farm A workers and turkeys. An associated high incidence of febrile illness among farm A workers al ... Wisconsin public health officials were notified of two cases of febrile illness in workers at a commercial turkey breeder farm ... Infectious-diseases; Farmers; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Viral-diseases; Viral-infections; Occupational- ... diseases; Animals; Antibody-response; Humans; Poultry-industry; Poultry-workers; Meat-handlers; Skin-irritants; Serology; ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/nioshtic-2/20023672.html
*  Most recent papers with the keyword Occupational medicine | Read by QxMD
International legal regulation of impact of occupational injuries and diseases on agricultural workers' health. ... read/29203748/international-legal-regulation-of-impact-of-occupational-injuries-and-diseases-on-agricultural-workers-health ... INTRODUCTION: Agricultural workers' health depends on many factors: working conditions, security arrangements, medicine, ... literature concerning existence of restrictions on impact of occupational injuries and diseases on agricultural workers' health ...
  https://www.readbyqxmd.com/keyword/729
*  Bronchitis - Wikipedia
"Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in farmers and agricultural workers-an overview". Annals of Agricultural and ... Craven, V; Everard, ML (January 2013). "Protracted bacterial bronchitis: reinventing an old disease". Archives of Disease in ... and Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease. pp. 9-17. ... Acute bronchitis is one of the most common diseases. About 5% of adults are affected and about 6% of children have at least one ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bronchitis
*  Airborne cow allergen, ammonia and particulate matter at homes vary with distance to industrial scale dairy operations: an...
... rhinitis and upper airway diseases in agricultural workers [11, 50-55]. Several studies have found evidence that indoor coarse ... Kirkhorn S, Garry VF: Agricultural lung diseases. Envrion Health Perspect. 2000, 108: 705-712.View ArticleGoogle Scholar. ... Drake Journal of Agricultural Law. 2006, 11: 5-23.Google Scholar. *. Cole D, Todd L, Wing S: Concentrated swine feeding ... This is in part due to the virtual absence of agricultural air emission regulations and rural monitoring programs [6-9]. A ...
  https://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1476-069X-10-72
*  Beyond Pesticides Daily News Blog 2,4-D Archives - Page 3 of 5 - Beyond Pesticides Daily News Blog
Kidney disease afflicts agricultural workers in sugar cane fields, killing thousands each year in Central America as well as in ... CKD is a condition characterized by a gradual loss of kidney function and is often lethal for poor agricultural workers. As the ... The Bank's loan represents renewed support for an industry whose workers have been devastated by the disease, which has ... Posted in 2,4-D, Cancer, Chemicals, Corporations, Disease/Health Effects, Dow Chemical , No Comments » ...
  http://beyondpesticides.org/dailynewsblog/category/chemicals/24-d/page/3/
*  Capital, Labour and the Politics of Inequality in Global Public Health ~ Global Labour Column
Chronic kidney disease among agricultural workers in Nicaragua, for example, is related to unprotected exposure to pesticides ... race and class that underlie the causes of disease and ill-health that workers carry with them beyond the workplace as well as ... a white disease and silico-tuberculosis, a black disease (McCulloch, 2012). But how was capital able to pre-empt the class ... Trade Unions Financial Crisis Workers' rights Globalisation Neoliberalism Labour Market Collective Bargaining Decent Work ...
  http://column.global-labour-university.org/2017/04/capital-labour-and-politics-of.html
*  First-Ever Report on California Food and Farming Legislation is Released - Public Health Institute
Weather events, diet-related disease, worker safety and opportunity, and agricultural pollution must be addressed. The CAFPC ... "Even in a state with so much agricultural bounty, and a focus on healthy eating, I still struggle to afford top quality produce ... These include bills that grant immigrant food system workers driver's licenses rights (AB 60); increase food access via ... representing every important food and agricultural region from Humboldt to Oakland to San Diego, have joined together to push ...
  http://www.phi.org/news-events/588/first-ever-report-on-california-food-and-farming-legislation-is-released
*  Characterization of shiga-toxin producing E. coli infections and cryptosporidia in South Dakota with respect to agricultural...
Center is one of nine Centers of Excellence in Agricultural Disease and Injury Research, Education, and Prevention funded by ... The Upper Midwest Agricultural Safety and Health (UMASH) ... Surveillance for Zoonotic Diseases in Agricultural Workers in ... Surveillance for Zoonotic Diseases in Agricultural Workers in Minnesota. Project Coordinator. PILOT PROJECTS:. Pilot Project to ... Surveillance for Zoonotic Diseases in Agricultural Workers in Minnesota. Principal Investigator. PILOT PROJECTS:. ...
  http://umash.umn.edu/portfolio/characterization-of-shiga-toxin-producing-e-coli-infections-and-cryptosporidia-in-south-dakota-with-respect-to-agricultural-exposures-and-other-risk-factors/
*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20030238 - Endotoxin exposure and respiratory outcomes among dairy, feedlot, and grain...
... agricultural workers. This project uses a novel Recombinant Factor C (rFC) assay and GC/MS to evaluate the role of endotoxin ... exposures and genetis in respiratory outcomes among agricultural workers. Pre-work shift measurements included spirometry, ... Gram-negative bacterial endotoxins play a key role in respiratory disease affecting more than one million U.S. ... Endotoxins; Occupational-exposure; Workers; Agriculture; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Occupational-diseases; ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/nioshtic-2/20030238.html
*  Refsums disease - definition of Refsums disease by The Free Dictionary
Refsums disease synonyms, Refsums disease pronunciation, Refsums disease translation, English dictionary definition of Refsums ... disease. n. 1. An abnormal condition of a part, organ, or system of an organism resulting from various causes, such as ... aspergillosis - disease especially in agricultural workers caused by inhalation of Aspergillus spores causing lumps in skin and ... mimesis - any disease that shows symptoms characteristic of another disease. industrial disease, occupational disease - disease ...
  http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Refsums+disease
*  Familial primary lymphoedema - definition of familial primary lymphoedema by The Free Dictionary
aspergillosis - disease especially in agricultural workers caused by inhalation of Aspergillus spores causing lumps in skin and ... mimesis - any disease that shows symptoms characteristic of another disease. industrial disease, occupational disease - disease ... disease. [dɪˈziːz] n. (lit) → maladie f. kidney disease → maladie rénale. liver disease → maladie du foie. respiratory disease ... liver disease - a disease affecting the liver. communicable disease - a disease that can be communicated from one person to ...
  https://www.thefreedictionary.com/familial+primary+lymphoedema
*  Fumigant kills 2 girls; Congress told protect next generation; Methyl iodide opposed... | Pesticide Action Network
Two agricultural workers diagnosed with Parkinson's disease in France have recently won legal recognition of their condition as ... more thyroid disease, and more nervous system disorders. Workers involved in the application of methyl iodide will have the ... As the disease progresses, the patient may develop difficulty speaking, symptoms of senility similar to Alzheimer's and severe ... The study, which looked at rates of the disease in Medicare patients over the age of 65, showed high concentrations in the ...
  http://www.panna.org/resources/panups/panup_20100212?quicktabs_1=0
*  Fact Sheets
Chromobastomycosis (chromo) a neglected tropical skin disease of poor agricultural workers and curable in the early stages ... GAFFI's brochure (September 2017) summarised the burden of fungal diseases and its achievements over 4 years.. Download here ... Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis following TB and other pulmonary diseases (slowly progressive, destructive lung infection with ... OUR VISION IS TO REDUCE ILLNESS AND DEATH ASSOCIATED WITH FUNGAL DISEASES WORLDWIDE.. ...
  https://www.gaffi.org/media/fact-sheets/
*  Agricultural Workers : Occupational Outlook Handbook: : U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
They perform physical labor and operate machinery under the supervision of farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers. ... Agricultural workers maintain crops and tend to livestock. ... examine animals to detect diseases and injuries; and administer ... What Agricultural Workers Do Agricultural workers maintain crops and tend to livestock. They perform physical labor and operate ... Agricultural workers usually work outdoors in all kinds of weather.. Agricultural workers' jobs can be difficult. To harvest ...
  https://www.bls.gov/ooh/Farming-Fishing-and-Forestry/Agricultural-workers.htm
*  Quest to identify geochemical risk factors associated with chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) in an endemic...
The emergence of a new form of chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) in Sri Lanka's North Central Province (NCP) ... 2012). Decreased kidney function among agricultural workers in El Salvador. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 59, 531-540. ... CKDu Sri Lanka Non-communicable disease Chronic kidney disease CKD of unknown etiology North Central Province Risk factors ... 2012). Risk factors associated with disease progression and mortality in chronic kidney disease of uncertain etiology: a cohort ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10661-016-5524-8
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Several Lipid-Related Gene Polymorphisms Interact with Overweight/Obesity to Modulate Blood Pressure...
All of the subjects were rural agricultural workers. The subjects had no evidence of diseases related to atherosclerosis, CHD ... Koenig, W. Haemostatic risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Eur. Heart J 1998, 19, C39-C43. [Google Scholar] ... Genetic variants in novel pathways influence blood pressure and cardiovascular disease risk. Nature 2011, 478, 103-109. [Google ... Obesity, the presence of excess body fat, has been clearly associated with cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/13/9/12062/htm

Chilalo Agricultural Development Union: Chilalo Agricultural Development Union (CADU) is the first comprehensive package project established in Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia to modernize traditional subsistence agriculture. The major components of the package programmes include fertilizers, ameliorated seeds, farm credits, marketing facilities, better tools and implements, and improved storage facilities.Pesticides in the United States: Pesticides in the United States are used predominantly by the agricultural sector,Kellogg RL, Nehring R, Grube A, Goss DW, and Plotkin S (February 2000), Environmental indicators of pesticide leaching and runoff from farm fields. United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service.Occupational hygiene: Occupational (or "industrial" in the U.S.Organophosphate: An organophosphate (sometimes abbreviated OP) or phosphate ester is the general name for esters of phosphoric acid. Many of the most important biochemicals are organophosphates, including DNA and RNA as well as many cofactors that are essential for life.Hot water storage tank: A hot water storage tank (also called a hot water tank, thermal storage tank, hot water thermal storage unit, heat storage tank and hot water cylinder) is a water tank that is used for storing hot water for space heating or domestic use. A heavily insulated tank can retain heat for days.Nomad Rock: Nomad Rock () is an isolated rock in Bransfield Strait, 5 nautical miles (9 km) off the north coast of Trinity Peninsula and 9 nautical miles (17 km) northeast of Cape Legoupil. So named by United Kingdom Antarctic Place-Names Committee (UK-APC) because of confusion about the identity of geographic points along this coast, and because of the wandering of features and names on charts of this vicinity.ATCvet code QP53: ==QP53A Ectoparasiticides for topical use, including insecticides==Mineral dust: Mineral dust is a term used to indicate atmospheric aerosols originated from the suspension of minerals constituting the soil, being composed of various oxides and carbonates. Human activities lead to 30% of the dust load in the atmosphere.Athletics at the 2002 Central American and Caribbean GamesOccupational fatality: An occupational fatality is a death that occurs while a person is at work or performing work related tasks. Occupational fatalities are also commonly called “occupational deaths” or “work-related deaths/fatalities” and can occur in any industry or occupation.ChlorpyrifosCymserineWHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.Pesticide residues in New Zealand: Pesticide residues are of concern in New Zealand and foods are regularly checked to see if they are within set limits.Katowice International Fair: Katowice International Fair () is an international trade fair in Katowice and one of the largest in Poland (the largest being the Poznań International Fair). Few dozen events are organized there each year, with the participation of some 4,500 companies.Acetylcholinesterase inhibitorM-Cumenyl methylcarbamateInsecticide: An insecticide is a substance used to kill insects. They include ovicides and larvicides used against insect eggs and larvae, respectively.Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical UniversityChloro(cyclopentadienyl)bis(triphenylphosphine)rutheniumQRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Office of Workers' Compensation Programs: The Office of Workers' Compensation Programs administers four major disability compensation programs which provide wage replacement benefits, medical treatment, vocational rehabilitation and other benefits to certain workers or their dependents who experience work-related injury or occupational disease.http://www.

(1/658) Incidence and occupational pattern of leukaemias, lymphomas, and testicular tumours in western Ireland over an 11 year period.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine incidence of the following malignancies, testicular tumours, all leukaemias and all lymphomas in the West of Ireland in an 11 year period. Secondly, to examine the relation between disease patterns and available occupational data in male subjects of working age. DESIGN: A census survey of all cases occurring in the three counties in the Western Health Board (WHB) area, Galway, Mayo and Roscommon, for the 11 year period 1980 to 1990 inclusive. Average annual age standardised incidence rates for the period were calculated using the 1986 census data. Rates for the area are compared with rates from the southern region of Ireland, which had a tumour registry. Trends over the time period are evaluated. All male subjects for whom occupational data were available were categorised using the Irish socioeconomic group classification and incidence rates by occupation were compared using the standardised incidence ratio method. In one of the counties, Galway, a detailed occupational history of selected cases and an age matched control group was also elicited through patients' general practitioners. SETTING: All available case records in the West of Ireland. RESULTS: There are no national incidence records for the period. Compared with data from the Southern Tumour Registry, the number of cases of women with myeloid leukaemias was significantly lower. Male leukaemia rates were significantly lower as a group (SIR 84 (95% CI 74, 95) but not when considered as individual categories. Regression analysis revealed an increasing trend in the number of new cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among both men (r = 0.47, p = 0.02) and women (r = 0.90, p = 0.0001) and of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia in men (r = 0.77, p = 0.005) and women (r = 0.68 p = 0.02) in the WHB region over the last decade. Four hundred and fifty six male cases over the age of 15 years were identified and adequate occupational information was available for 74% of these. Standardised incidence ratios of testicular tumours 100, 938) and agriworkers other than farmers (SIR 377, 95% CI 103, 967). There were also significantly increased incidence ratios for both non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (SIR 169, 95% CI 124, 266) and three categories of leukaemias among farmers. Hodgkin's disease and acute myeloid leukaemias were significantly increased among semi-skilled people. Interview data with 90 cases and 54 controls of both sexes revealed that among farmers, cases (n = 31) were significantly less likely than controls (n = 20) to use tractor mounted spraying techniques (OR = 0.19 (95% CI 0.04, 0.80)) and less likely to wear protective masks (OR 0.22 (95% CI 0.05, 0.84)). CONCLUSIONS: Trends of increase in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and some leukaemias are consistent with studies elsewhere. The study provides further evidence of the relation between agricultural work and certain lymphoproliferative cancers. The possible carcinogenic role of chemicals used in agricultural industries must be considered as an explanation.  (+info)

(2/658) Contact dermatitis in Alstroemeria workers.

Hand dermatitis is common in workers in the horticultural industry. This study determined the prevalence of hand dermatitis in workers of Alstroemeria cultivation, investigated how many workers had been sensitized by tulipalin A (the allergen in Alstroemeria) and took stock of a wide range of determinants of hand dermatitis. The 12-month period prevalence of major hand dermatitis amounted to 29.5% whereas 7.4% had minor dermatitis. Of these workers, 52.1% were sensitized for tulipalin A. Several personal and work-related determinants played a role in the multifactorial aetiology of hand dermatitis. Factors which showed a significant relationship with major hand dermatitis were: female sex, atopic dermatitis, chapped hands and the frequency of washing hands. It may be concluded that the Alstroemeria workers are a population at risk of developing contact dermatitis and it might be useful to carry out an educational campaign to lower the high prevalence.  (+info)

(3/658) Mushroom worker's lung resulting from indoor cultivation of Pleurotus osteatus.

Indoor cultivation of oyster mushroom Pleurotus osteatus lead to an outbreak of extrinsic allergic alveolitis in two workers. High titer of indirect fluorescent antibody and positive precipitins against basidiospores of P. osteatus were demonstrated in sera of the patients. Mushroom workers should protect themselves from the basidiospores, being aware of their pathogenicity.  (+info)

(4/658) Low rates of ehrlichiosis and Lyme borreliosis in English farmworkers.

To determine the occupational significance of tick-borne zoonoses we sought serological evidence of Lyme borreliosis, human monocytic ehrlichiosis (HME) and human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) in a representative sample of farmworkers. Although around 20% reported ticks on their domestic and companion animals, few (< 2% per year) reported being bitten by ticks. Seroprevalence of Lyme borreliosis (0.2%), HME (0.2%) and HGE (1.5%) was low. Those seropositive for HGE were no more likely to report tick bites nor more likely to report ticks on their animals. This study provides evidence that farmworkers in England are exposed to tick-borne zoonoses but that they are uncommon. Since the severity of these diseases is linked to delays in diagnosis and treatment, clinicians should be aware of these diagnoses in patients from rural communities, with or without a self-reported history of tick bite.  (+info)

(5/658) Environmental correlates of impaired lung function in non-smokers with severe alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency (PiZZ).

BACKGROUND: Active smoking is the most important risk factor for pulmonary emphysema in subjects with severe alpha 1-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency. The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of environmental risk factors other than active smoking on lung function and on respiratory symptoms in non-smoking PiZZ individuals. METHODS: Lifetime exposure to passive smoking, domiciliary use of a kerosene (paraffin) heater or gas cooker, and all occupations since leaving school were reported by 205 non-smoking PiZZ individuals (95 men and 110 women) included in the Swedish AAT deficiency register. Lung function test results and histories of respiratory symptoms (chronic bronchitis, recurrent wheezing, and exertional dyspnoea) were elicited from the AAT register records. RESULTS: After adjustment for age, agricultural employment and domiciliary kerosene heater usage, but not gas cooker usage or passive smoking, were both associated with significantly decreased lung function. Multiple linear regression analysis showed age, sex, kerosene heater usage, and agricultural employment to be independent determinants of lung function impairment. Age and passive smoking for 10 years or more, both at home and at the work place, were associated with the presence of chronic bronchitis. Age and agricultural employment for > or = 10 years were associated with recurrent wheezing and exertional dyspnoea. CONCLUSIONS: Domiciliary kerosene heater usage and an agricultural occupation therefore appear to be environmental factors associated with decreased lung function in non-smoking PiZZ individuals, and passive smoking is associated with an increased frequency of chronic bronchitis, but not with impaired lung function.  (+info)

(6/658) Objectives, designs and populations of the European Asclepios study on occupational hazards to male reproductive capability.

The main objective of the Asclepios program was to examine occupational risk factors for the male reproductive system. The program focused on occupational exposure to fungicides (farmers, greenhouse workers, and vineyard workers), styrene (laminators in the reinforced plastics industry) and inorganic lead (battery workers, foundry workers, and lead smelters). Questionnaire studies of time to pregnancy were combined with longitudinal and cross-sectional studies of semen quality. The 8 data-collecting centers addressed 6553 male workers and contributed time-to-pregnancy values on the 3077 most recent pregnancies. Data collection was by interview or self-collection. The average response rate across all exposures and centers was 69.8%. The Asclepios project is the first international multicenter research project on environmental risks to male reproductive function. A protocol for epidemiologic research on occupational risk factors to the male reproductive system was developed, and links between epidemiologic and experimental units were established. The majority, but not all, of the studies was completed within the given time frame.  (+info)

(7/658) Cytogenetic effects from exposure to mixed pesticides and the influence from genetic susceptibility.

Exposure to pesticides remains a major environmental health problem. Health risk from such exposure needs to be more precisely understood. We conducted three different cytogenetic assays to elucidate the biological effects of exposure to mixed pesticides in 20 Costa Rica farmers (all nonsmokers) compared with 20 matched controls. The farmers were also exposed to dibromochloropropane during the early employment years, and most of them experienced sterility/fertility problems. Our data show that the farmers had consistently higher frequencies of chromosome aberrations, as determined by the standard chromosome aberration assay, and significantly abnormal DNA repair responses (p < 0.05), as determined by the challenge assay, but no statistically significant differences in the tandem-probe fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay (p > 0.05). Genotype analysis indicates that farmers with certain "unfavorable" versions of polymorphic metabolizing genes (cytochrome P4502E1, the glutathione S-transferases mu and theta, and the paraoxonase genes) had significantly more biological effects, as determined by all three cytogenetic assays, than both the farmers with the "favorable" alleles and the matched controls. A unique observation is that, in individuals who had inherited any of the mentioned "unfavorable" alleles, farmers were consistently underrepresented. In conclusion, the Costa Rican farmers were exposed to genotoxic agents, most likely pesticides, which expressed the induction of biological and adverse health effects. The farmers who had inherited "unfavorable" metabolizing alleles were more susceptible to genotoxic effects than those with "favorable" alleles. Our genotype data suggest that the well-recognized "healthy worker effect" may be influenced by unrecognized occupational selection pressure against genetically susceptible individuals.  (+info)

(8/658) Mortality in a cohort of licensed pesticide applicators in Florida.

OBJECTIVES: Although the primary hazard to humans associated with pesticide exposure is acute poisoning, there has been considerable concern surrounding the possibility of cancer and other chronic health effects in humans. Given the huge volume of pesticides now used throughout the world, as well as environmental and food residue contamination leading to chronic low level exposure, the study of possible chronic human health effects is important. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study, analysed by general standardised mortality ratio (SMR) of licensed pesticide applicators in Florida compared with the general population of Florida. A cohort of 33,658 (10% female) licensed pesticide applicators assembled through extensive data linkages yielded 1874 deaths with 320,250 person-years from 1 January 1975 to 31 December 1993. RESULTS: The pesticide applicators were consistently and significantly healthier than the general population of Florida. As with many occupational cohorts, the risks of cardiovascular disease and of diseases associated with alcohol and tobacco use were significantly lower, even in the subpopulations--for example, men, women, and licence subcategories. Among male applicators, prostate cancer mortality (SMR 2.38 (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.83 to 3.04) was significantly increased. No cases of soft tissue sarcoma were confirmed in this cohort, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was not increased. The number of female applicators was small, as were the numbers of deaths. Mortality from cervical cancer and breast cancer was not increased. Additional subcohort and exposure analyses were performed. CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with previous publications on farmers but at odds with current theories about the protective effects of vitamin D, prostate cancer was increased in these pesticide applicators. Female breast cancer was not increased despite theories linking risk of breast cancer with exposure to oestrogen disruptors--such as the organochlorines. The lack of cases of soft tissue sarcoma is at odds with previous publications associating the use of the phenoxy herbicides with an increased risk of these cancers.  (+info)


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  • etiology
  • The emergence of a new form of chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) in Sri Lanka's North Central Province (NCP) has become a catastrophic health crisis. (springer.com)
  • Current literature suggests that the etiology of CKDu is likely multifactorial, with no single biological or hydrogeochemical parameter directly related to disease genesis and progression. (springer.com)
  • Epidemiology
  • This proposal seeks to describe the epidemiology of STEC infections and cryptosporidiosis in South Dakota, with special emphasis on agricultural and animal risk factors. (umn.edu)
  • When analysis is complete, a clearer picture of the descriptive epidemiology of these diseases in South Dakota will emerge. (umn.edu)
  • Studies by Cooke on the immunology of the disease, and in 1927 a filtrate of culture specimens, later named coccidioidin, began to be used in skin testing to delineate the epidemiology of infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acute
  • Acute bronchitis is one of the most common diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • The nature of multifactorial problems is, that the observed disease can be caused from regionally different sets of risk factors, e.g. agrochemicals and heavy metals are ubiquitous in endemic and non-endemic areas, feature proteinuria, or have not been related previously to CKD but only to acute kidney injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • chronic kidney disease of
  • Mesoamerican nephropathy (MeN) is a currently unexplained epidemic of chronic kidney disease of unknown origin (CKDu), prevalent in the Pacific Ocean coastal low lands of the Mesoamerican region, including southern Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras and Costa Rica. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adult
  • Information is included regarding the rationale for age-appropriate assignments, training needs for adolescent workers, ideal supervision, and mentoring by adult workers. (wikipedia.org)
  • In El Salvador, the disease has become the second leading cause of death among adult men, and according to a recent editorial, it has been estimated that this largely unknown epidemic has caused the premature death of at least 20,000 men in the region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pesticides
  • pesticides, environmental toxins, well water contamination, heavy metals, arsenic and others have been proposed among possible causes of the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • since the disease is mainly seen in men/workers, it has been speculated it may be related to occupation, heat-stress or agrochemicals (particularly pesticides). (wikipedia.org)
  • agrochemicals traditionally have been widely used in these and other farming areas where the disease is not prevalent, so a specific product - or products combination - not used elsewhere but only in the coastlands should be brought into consideration by the pesticides hypothesis to offer a plausible explanation as the main culprit. (wikipedia.org)
  • California
  • The results were taken from the Supplementary Data System for California agricultural businesses. (cdc.gov)
  • For the first time in the state's history, 19 community organizations and policy experts, representing every important food and agricultural region from Humboldt to Oakland to San Diego, have joined together to push for food system reform under the banner of the California Food Policy Council. (phi.org)
  • The disease is named after Tulare County, California were the disease was discovered in 1911. (wikipedia.org)
  • injury
  • The authors suggest further studies to elucidate specific plants and chemicals that cause disease or injury to agricultural employees. (cdc.gov)
  • Otto Von Bismarck, Chancellor of the German Empire, introduced the programs to assist workers in the event of accidental injury, illness or old age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Workers unable to perform their current job due to injury or illness receive periodic payments of 80% of their prior gross earnings until returning to work (up to a maximum total payment). (wikipedia.org)
  • Workers who have a loss of earning capacity due to work injury or occupational disease of 20% or more receive a pension equal to 66.7% of their previous year's earnings, up to the specified maximum. (wikipedia.org)
  • infection
  • A disease is a particular kind of illness caused by bacteria or an infection. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Diagnoses of active disease and skin testing, showed that it was also found in southern Nevada and Utah, western Texas, as well as Arizona, where the southern and central areas appeared to impose the highest risk of infection in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sporotrichosis (also known as "rose gardener's disease") is a disease caused by the infection of the fungus Sporothrix schenckii. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients with this form of sporotrichosis are susceptible to developing tuberculosis and pneumonia Disseminated sporotrichosis When the infection spreads from the primary site to secondary sites in the body, the disease develops into a rare and critical form called disseminated sporotrichosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • organism
  • The course of disease involves the spread of the organism to multiple organ systems, including the lungs, liver, spleen, and lymphatic system. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • When drawing blood, administering an intramuscular or intravenous drug, or performing any procedure involving sharps, accidents can occur and facilitate the transmission of blood-borne diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • frequent
  • Currently, information is lacking on exactly how frequent these infections are among agricultural workers, what the specific risk factors are for becoming ill from a zoonoses, and what preventive measures may be most effective. (umn.edu)
  • NSAIDs self-prescription is particularly widespread, possibly due to frequent agricultural work posture-related pains, and dysuria is commonly treated with aminoglycosides, often not related to urinary tract infections but perhaps associated with dehydration itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health
  • In 2002, Wisconsin public health officials were notified of two cases of febrile illness in workers at a commercial turkey breeder farm (farm A) in county A. The Wisconsin Division of Public Health (WDPH) initiated an investigation that found a high prevalence of West Nile virus (WNV) antibody among farm A workers and turkeys. (cdc.gov)
  • The National Children's Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety (NCCRAHS) is a part of the National Farm Medicine Center, one of the research centers of the Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Agricultural Medicine Occupational and Environmental Health for the Health Professions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wood dust, commonly referred to as "sawdust", is another occupational dust hazard that can pose a risk to workers' health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crop
  • Also In 2012, of hired crop workers, about three-quarters were not "migrant", i.e. they worked at a single location within 75 miles of home. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacteria
  • Hunters are at a higher risk for this disease because of the potential of inhaling the bacteria during the skinning process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Harvest
  • Agricultural equipment operators use a variety of farm equipment to plow and sow seeds, as well as maintain and harvest crops. (bls.gov)
  • sexually
  • on control of sexually transmitted diseases in WC 142 . (nih.gov)
  • These ants get the benefits of both asexual and sexual reproduction - the daughters who can reproduce (the queens) have all of the mother's genes, while the sterile workers whose physical strength and disease resistance are important are produced sexually. (wikipedia.org)
  • The oocytes that undergo automixis display much lower rates of crossover recombination (by a factor of 45) than the oocytes produced by sexually reproducing queens that give rise to workers. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • Our findings will be combined with similar work in Minnesota and Wisconsin to provide a robust view of these diseases in the Midwest. (umn.edu)
  • North American Guidelines for Children's Agricultural Tasks is a collection of guidelines to assist parents and others in assigning age-appropriate tasks for children (ages 7-16) that live or work on ranches or farms in North America Nurture is the center's newsletter. (wikipedia.org)
  • The disease has also been found to be prevalent in other occupations with a high risk of heat stress, implying strenuous work (miners, construction, port and transportation workers) in the high temperatures of the coastlands. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • Key milestones in the pH1N1 2009 influenza pandemic, disease patterns, and groups at high risk for influenza complications. (umn.edu)
  • Mortality in untreated (before the antibiotic era) patients has been as high as 50% in the pneumoniac and typhoidal forms of the disease, which however account for less than 10% of cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • however
  • However, in discussions relating to labor law application, the term "farmworker" is sometimes used more narrowly, applying only to a hired worker involved in agricultural production, including harvesting, i.e. not to a worker in other on-farm jobs, such as packing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients with sporotrichosis will have antibody against the fungus S. schenckii, however, due to variability in sensitivity and specificity, it may not be a reliable diagnosis for this disease. (wikipedia.org)