Agricultural Workers' Diseases: Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Organophosphate Poisoning: Poisoning due to exposure to ORGANOPHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS, such as ORGANOPHOSPHATES; ORGANOTHIOPHOSPHATES; and ORGANOTHIOPHOSPHONATES.Gas PoisoningTransients and Migrants: People who frequently change their place of residence.Phosmet: An organothiophosphorus insecticide that has been used to control pig mange.Dust: Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Central AmericaAccidents, Occupational: Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.Chlorpyrifos: An organothiophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide and as an acaricide.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Butyrylcholinesterase: An aspect of cholinesterase (EC 3.1.1.8).Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Pesticide Residues: Pesticides or their breakdown products remaining in the environment following their normal use or accidental contamination.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.PolandAcetylcholinesterase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ACETYLCHOLINE to CHOLINE and acetate. In the CNS, this enzyme plays a role in the function of peripheral neuromuscular junctions. EC 3.1.1.7.Carbamates: Derivatives of carbamic acid, H2NC(=O)OH. Included under this heading are N-substituted and O-substituted carbamic acids. In general carbamate esters are referred to as urethanes, and polymers that include repeating units of carbamate are referred to as POLYURETHANES. Note however that polyurethanes are derived from the polymerization of ISOCYANATES and the singular term URETHANE refers to the ethyl ester of carbamic acid.Cholinesterase Inhibitors: Drugs that inhibit cholinesterases. The neurotransmitter ACETYLCHOLINE is rapidly hydrolyzed, and thereby inactivated, by cholinesterases. When cholinesterases are inhibited, the action of endogenously released acetylcholine at cholinergic synapses is potentiated. Cholinesterase inhibitors are widely used clinically for their potentiation of cholinergic inputs to the gastrointestinal tract and urinary bladder, the eye, and skeletal muscles; they are also used for their effects on the heart and the central nervous system.Insecticides: Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.IndiaOrganophosphorus Compounds: Organic compounds that contain phosphorus as an integral part of the molecule. Included under this heading is broad array of synthetic compounds that are used as PESTICIDES and DRUGS.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Workers' Compensation: Insurance coverage providing compensation and medical benefits to individuals because of work-connected injuries or disease.Sex Workers: People who engage in occupational sexual behavior in exchange for economic rewards or other extrinsic considerations.

*  Green tobacco sickness | Tobacco Control

1979) Studies on occupational health problems during agricultural operation of Indian tobacco workers. J Occup Med 21:45-47. ... 1993) NIOSH issues warning to tobacco harvesters. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for ... Younger workers are more likely than older workers to develop GTS.1-3 6 In one study, 58% of those suffering GTS were under age ... an Occupational Health Nurses in Agricultural Communities study of GTS was undertaken to educate tobacco workers and healthcare ...

*  Behavioral Health and the U.S. Agricultural Worker - National Center for Farmworker Health

... cardiovascular disease, respiratory diseases, and infectious diseases." The good news? There has been a dramatic growth in ... A study conducted by National Agricultural Worker Survey (NAWS) reported that 20% of male agricultural workers experienced some ... Agricultural Workers Anniversary Artwork & Artist Digital Stories Factsheet Farmworker Health Health Education Health Literacy ... Migrant agricultural workers who are separated from their families may be more susceptible to mental health disorders, such as ...

*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 00226857 - Peak flow as a measure of airway dysfunction in swine confinement operators.

The cohort consisted of 24 swine confinement workers, 22 males, mean age 42.17 years, with work related respiratory symptoms ... A study of changes in peak flow rate as a measure of pulmonary dysfunction in swine confinement workers was conducted. ... NIOSH-Grant; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Pulmonary-function-tests; Agricultural-workers; Livestock; Epidemiology; Clinical- ... suggesting the presence of airway disease in the symptomatic workers. Peak flow meters appear to be a useful indicator of ...

*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20036234 - Endotoxin exposure and inflammation markers among agricultural workers in Colorado...

... constituents among workers in grain elevators, cattle feedlots, dairies, and on corn farms. Exposures were compared wit ... The adverse respiratory effects of agricultural dust inhalation are mediated in part by endotoxin, a constituent of gram- ... is needed to characterize the extent to which these agents contribute to respiratory disease among agricultural workers. ... Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-processes; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Air-monitoring; Air-sampling; Air-sampling- ...

*  Kelley Donham to speak on health issues in intensive livestock production systems in Iowa | Grinnell College

... professor and associate head for agricultural medicine, occupational and environmental health in the College of Public Health ... In addition, he studies diseases of agricultural workers, particularly respiratory diseases, zoonotic infectious diseases, and ... At the University of Iowa, Donham developed an M.S. - Ph.D. degree and Certificate program in agricultural safety and health, ... With co-author Anders Thelin of Sweden, he authored the first textbook for the field, Agricultural Medicine: Occupational and ...

*  Publications Search Results

Greskevitch, Mark, Kullman, Greg, Bang, Ki Moon, Mazurek, Jacek M. Respiratory disease in agricultural workers: Mortality and ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . Coal workers' pneumoconiosis-related years of potential life lost before age 65 ... Clinical Infectious Diseases. . 47, (7), 867-874. Full Text Options: DOI Worldcat Google Scholar Export Options: RIS EndNote ... Journal of Infectious Diseases. . 197, (9), 1282-1288. Full Text Options: DOI Worldcat Google Scholar Export Options: RIS ...

*  Prevalence of dermatoses and skin sensitisation associated with use of pesticides in fruit farmers of southern Taiwan. | Base...

The prevalence and pattern of skin diseases are unknown in Taiwanese fruit farmers. The objective of this study is to determine ... the work exposure, prevalence of skin diseases, and sensitivity to common skin allergens and agricultural chemicals in fruit ... Objectives-Agricultural workers are known to have occupational skin diseases. ... Objectives-Agricultural workers are known to have occupational skin diseases. The prevalence and pattern of skin diseases are ...

*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20026735 - Lost time from agricultural injuries and occupational diseases in Finland.

We studied 10,922 claims from the Finnish farmers' workers' compensation insurance. All cases, which occurred in 1996 ... aims to characterize lost time due to disability and to quantify risk factors for disability in injury and occupational disease ... Occupational-diseases; Agriculture; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Injuries; Workers; Worker-health; Work- ... Occupational diseases comprised 8% of the cases and 28% of the lost time. The mean lost time per case was 53 days for injuries ...

*  Refsums disease - definition of Refsums disease by The Free Dictionary

Refsums disease synonyms, Refsums disease pronunciation, Refsums disease translation, English dictionary definition of Refsums ... disease. n. 1. An abnormal condition of a part, organ, or system of an organism resulting from various causes, such as ... aspergillosis - disease especially in agricultural workers caused by inhalation of Aspergillus spores causing lumps in skin and ... mimesis - any disease that shows symptoms characteristic of another disease. industrial disease, occupational disease - disease ...

*  Minimum Wage Increase for Agricultural Workers

A rise in the minimum wage rate for agricultural workers has been confirmed by the Scottish Agricultural Wages Board (SAWB). ... TheBeefSite - Beef Cattle Health, Welfare and Diseases News. 5m Publishing, Benchmark House, 8 Smithy Wood Drive, Sheffield, ... UK- A rise in the minimum wage rate for agricultural workers has been confirmed by the Scottish Agricultural Wages Board (SAWB ... The minimum rate of pay for agricultural workers with more than 26 weeks continuous employment will increase by 15p per hour to ...

*  Is it time to reassess current safety standards for glyphosate-based herbicides? | Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health

9 Some epidemiologists have hypothesised that epidemics of chronic kidney disease among male agricultural workers result from ... Unexplained chronic kidney disease has killed thousands of rice farm workers in Sri Lanka7 and sugarcane workers in Central ... Decreased kidney function among agricultural workers in El Salvador. Am J Kidney Dis 2012;59:531-40. doi:10.1053/j.ajkd.2011.11 ... National Agricultural Statistics Service. NASS releases 2012 chemical use data for soybeans and wheat. In: agricultural ...

*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20026306 - Injuries and occupational diseases in agriculture in Finland cost, length of...

During 1996, there were 10,092 injuries (7.37/100 workers) and 830 occupational diseases (0.61/100 workers) in a population of ... This study aimed to describe costs and lost time from injuries and occupational diseases, and to measure the effect of a no- ... claims bonus intervention using Finnish farmers' workers' compensation data. ... Occupational-diseases; Injuries; Agriculture; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Demographic-characteristics; Sex- ...

*  Disease and Injury Among Veterinarians | SpringerLink

Epidemiologic studies of cancer in agricultural workers. Am J Ind Med 1990;18(2):133-48.PubMedGoogle Scholar ... Lessenger J.E. (2006) Disease and Injury Among Veterinarians. In: Lessenger J.E. (eds) Agricultural Medicine. Springer, New ... Jeyaretnam J, Jones H, Phillips M. Disease and injury among veterinarians. Aust Vet J 2000;78(9):625-9.PubMedGoogle Scholar ... Gummow B. A survey of zoonotic diseases contracted by South African veterinarians. S Afr Vet Assoc 2003;74(3):72-6.Google ...

*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 00164652 - Biological monitoring of agricultural workers exposed to pesticides: I....

... and discuss biologic monitoring of exposed workers for intact pesticides and their metabolites. Current biological monitoring ... Intraindividual and interindividual variation, age, sex, race, disease, genetic variance, and pregnancy were discussed. The ... Biological monitoring of agricultural workers exposed to pesticides: I. Cholinesterase activity determinations.. ... JOCMA7; Agricultural-workers; Enzyme-activity; Age-factors; Sex-factors; Cholinesterase-inhibitors; Biological-monitoring; ...

*  NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20042569 - Agricultural work and chronic musculoskeletal pain among Latino farm workers: the...

Agriculture poses varied dangers to hired farm workers in the U.S., but little information exists on occupational risks for ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, GA 30329-4027 USA ... Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Farmers; Racial-factors; Worker-health; Musculoskeletal-system- ... Agricultural work and chronic musculoskeletal pain among Latino farm workers: the MICASA study.. ...

*  Pages that link to "Diseases" - Biology-Online Dictionary

Agricultural workers diseases ‎ (← links). *Cutaneous leishmaniasis ‎ (← links). *Undecylenic acid ‎ (← links). *Derives ‎ (← ... Home » Special:WhatLinksHere/Diseases. What links here. Page:. Namespace:. all. (Main). Talk. User. User talk. Biology-Online ...

*  Agricultural Disability Awareness and Risk Education (AgDARE) for high school students | Injury Prevention

Hazardous exposure and lung disease among farm workers. Clin Chest Med 1992;13:311-28. ... A national childhood agricultural injury prevention initiative. Journal of Agricultural Safety & Health 1998;1:183-91. ... Each state's agricultural education director identified potential schools that had strong agricultural programs. The ... Risk factors for agricultural injury in farm youth. Paper presented at the 32nd Biennial Convention of Sigma Theta Tau ...

*  Breast Cancer, Health Centers and U.S. Agricultural Workers - National Center for Farmworker Health

Patients must return and provide a tissue sample before the disease is confirmed.. ​Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) ... Agricultural Workers Anniversary Artwork & Artist Digital Stories Factsheet Farmworker Health Health Education Health Literacy ... The unique seasonal and migratory lifestyles of female agricultural workers further compound and complicate these issues - as ... Breast Cancer, Health Centers and U.S. Agricultural Workers 10/7/2015 ...

*  Infectious Disease | Health Information | MedCentral Health System

In South America (especially Brazil), infections occur sporadically, and usually among forestry and agricultural workers. In ... Lyme Disease in Children Lyme Disease in Children What is Lyme disease? Lyme disease (LD) is a multi-stage, multi-system ... Pets and Infectious Diseases in Children Pets and Infectious Diseases in Children Pets and infectious diseases: Proper care of ... Infectious Diseases Infectious Diseases There are many different infectious diseases that require clinical care by a physician ...

*  anthrax | disease | Britannica.com

... febrile disease of animals and humans caused by Bacillus anthracis, a bacterium that under certain conditions forms highly ... Agricultural workers can be safeguarded by vaccination and by avoiding the skinning or opening of animals that died of the ... The disease is most commonly found in agricultural regions, primarily in Latin America, Southern and Eastern Europe, Asia, ... Viruses, Bacteria, and Diseases. Take this Health Quiz at Enyclopedia Britannica to test your knowledge of various diseases and ...

*  Programme - DCV & LAVT Conference - New Zealand Veterinary Association

Worldwide, livestock keepers and agricultural workers are at risk of disease through contact with infected livestock. However, ... Worldwide, livestock keepers and agricultural workers are at risk of disease through contact with infected livestock. However, ... Despite being common world wide this was the first time that this disease has been diagnosed in New Zealand. ... leptospirosis is a complex disease; globally, more than 250 serovars of Leptospira have been identified in association with a ...

*  CD14 monoclonal antibody, clone 47-3D6 (APC-C750) - (MAB13810) - Products - Abnova

Agricultural Workers' Diseases. *Airway Obstruction. *Alcoholism. *Alveolar Bone Loss. *Alzheimer Disease. *Alzheimer disease ...

*  HLA-DQB1 (Human) Recombinant Protein (P02) - (H00003119-P02) - Products - Abnova

Agricultural Workers' Diseases. *AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections. *Alopecia. *Alopecia Areata. *Alveolar Bone Loss ...

*  HLA-DQB1 monoclonal antibody (M02), clone 1G6 - (H00003119-M02) - Products - Abnova

Agricultural Workers' Diseases. *AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections. *Alopecia. *Alopecia Areata. *Alveolar Bone Loss ...

*  Call to Action: Cardiovascular Disease in Asian Americans | Circulation

... and during this time many Filipinos came to Hawaii and California as agricultural workers. When Japan occupied the Philippines ... Chronic venous disease in an ethnically diverse population: the San Diego Population Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2003;158:448-456. ... Diabetes and cardiovascular disease among Asian Indians in the United States. J Gen Intern Med. 2005;20:474-478. ... Coronary Artery Disease. The limited data on CAD in Asian Americans strongly suggest that some subgroups are at increased risk ...

Chilalo Agricultural Development Union: Chilalo Agricultural Development Union (CADU) is the first comprehensive package project established in Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia to modernize traditional subsistence agriculture. The major components of the package programmes include fertilizers, ameliorated seeds, farm credits, marketing facilities, better tools and implements, and improved storage facilities.Pesticides in the United States: Pesticides in the United States are used predominantly by the agricultural sector,Kellogg RL, Nehring R, Grube A, Goss DW, and Plotkin S (February 2000), Environmental indicators of pesticide leaching and runoff from farm fields. United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service.Occupational hygiene: Occupational (or "industrial" in the U.S.Organophosphate: An organophosphate (sometimes abbreviated OP) or phosphate ester is the general name for esters of phosphoric acid. Many of the most important biochemicals are organophosphates, including DNA and RNA as well as many cofactors that are essential for life.Hot water storage tank: A hot water storage tank (also called a hot water tank, thermal storage tank, hot water thermal storage unit, heat storage tank and hot water cylinder) is a water tank that is used for storing hot water for space heating or domestic use. A heavily insulated tank can retain heat for days.Nomad Rock: Nomad Rock () is an isolated rock in Bransfield Strait, 5 nautical miles (9 km) off the north coast of Trinity Peninsula and 9 nautical miles (17 km) northeast of Cape Legoupil. So named by United Kingdom Antarctic Place-Names Committee (UK-APC) because of confusion about the identity of geographic points along this coast, and because of the wandering of features and names on charts of this vicinity.ATCvet code QP53: ==QP53A Ectoparasiticides for topical use, including insecticides==Mineral dust: Mineral dust is a term used to indicate atmospheric aerosols originated from the suspension of minerals constituting the soil, being composed of various oxides and carbonates. Human activities lead to 30% of the dust load in the atmosphere.Athletics at the 2002 Central American and Caribbean GamesOccupational fatality: An occupational fatality is a death that occurs while a person is at work or performing work related tasks. Occupational fatalities are also commonly called “occupational deaths” or “work-related deaths/fatalities” and can occur in any industry or occupation.ChlorpyrifosCymserineWHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.Pesticide residues in New Zealand: Pesticide residues are of concern in New Zealand and foods are regularly checked to see if they are within set limits.Katowice International Fair: Katowice International Fair () is an international trade fair in Katowice and one of the largest in Poland (the largest being the Poznań International Fair). Few dozen events are organized there each year, with the participation of some 4,500 companies.Acetylcholinesterase inhibitorM-Cumenyl methylcarbamateInsecticide: An insecticide is a substance used to kill insects. They include ovicides and larvicides used against insect eggs and larvae, respectively.Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical UniversityChloro(cyclopentadienyl)bis(triphenylphosphine)rutheniumQRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Office of Workers' Compensation Programs: The Office of Workers' Compensation Programs administers four major disability compensation programs which provide wage replacement benefits, medical treatment, vocational rehabilitation and other benefits to certain workers or their dependents who experience work-related injury or occupational disease.http://www.

(1/658) Incidence and occupational pattern of leukaemias, lymphomas, and testicular tumours in western Ireland over an 11 year period.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine incidence of the following malignancies, testicular tumours, all leukaemias and all lymphomas in the West of Ireland in an 11 year period. Secondly, to examine the relation between disease patterns and available occupational data in male subjects of working age. DESIGN: A census survey of all cases occurring in the three counties in the Western Health Board (WHB) area, Galway, Mayo and Roscommon, for the 11 year period 1980 to 1990 inclusive. Average annual age standardised incidence rates for the period were calculated using the 1986 census data. Rates for the area are compared with rates from the southern region of Ireland, which had a tumour registry. Trends over the time period are evaluated. All male subjects for whom occupational data were available were categorised using the Irish socioeconomic group classification and incidence rates by occupation were compared using the standardised incidence ratio method. In one of the counties, Galway, a detailed occupational history of selected cases and an age matched control group was also elicited through patients' general practitioners. SETTING: All available case records in the West of Ireland. RESULTS: There are no national incidence records for the period. Compared with data from the Southern Tumour Registry, the number of cases of women with myeloid leukaemias was significantly lower. Male leukaemia rates were significantly lower as a group (SIR 84 (95% CI 74, 95) but not when considered as individual categories. Regression analysis revealed an increasing trend in the number of new cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among both men (r = 0.47, p = 0.02) and women (r = 0.90, p = 0.0001) and of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia in men (r = 0.77, p = 0.005) and women (r = 0.68 p = 0.02) in the WHB region over the last decade. Four hundred and fifty six male cases over the age of 15 years were identified and adequate occupational information was available for 74% of these. Standardised incidence ratios of testicular tumours 100, 938) and agriworkers other than farmers (SIR 377, 95% CI 103, 967). There were also significantly increased incidence ratios for both non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (SIR 169, 95% CI 124, 266) and three categories of leukaemias among farmers. Hodgkin's disease and acute myeloid leukaemias were significantly increased among semi-skilled people. Interview data with 90 cases and 54 controls of both sexes revealed that among farmers, cases (n = 31) were significantly less likely than controls (n = 20) to use tractor mounted spraying techniques (OR = 0.19 (95% CI 0.04, 0.80)) and less likely to wear protective masks (OR 0.22 (95% CI 0.05, 0.84)). CONCLUSIONS: Trends of increase in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and some leukaemias are consistent with studies elsewhere. The study provides further evidence of the relation between agricultural work and certain lymphoproliferative cancers. The possible carcinogenic role of chemicals used in agricultural industries must be considered as an explanation.  (+info)

(2/658) Contact dermatitis in Alstroemeria workers.

Hand dermatitis is common in workers in the horticultural industry. This study determined the prevalence of hand dermatitis in workers of Alstroemeria cultivation, investigated how many workers had been sensitized by tulipalin A (the allergen in Alstroemeria) and took stock of a wide range of determinants of hand dermatitis. The 12-month period prevalence of major hand dermatitis amounted to 29.5% whereas 7.4% had minor dermatitis. Of these workers, 52.1% were sensitized for tulipalin A. Several personal and work-related determinants played a role in the multifactorial aetiology of hand dermatitis. Factors which showed a significant relationship with major hand dermatitis were: female sex, atopic dermatitis, chapped hands and the frequency of washing hands. It may be concluded that the Alstroemeria workers are a population at risk of developing contact dermatitis and it might be useful to carry out an educational campaign to lower the high prevalence.  (+info)

(3/658) Mushroom worker's lung resulting from indoor cultivation of Pleurotus osteatus.

Indoor cultivation of oyster mushroom Pleurotus osteatus lead to an outbreak of extrinsic allergic alveolitis in two workers. High titer of indirect fluorescent antibody and positive precipitins against basidiospores of P. osteatus were demonstrated in sera of the patients. Mushroom workers should protect themselves from the basidiospores, being aware of their pathogenicity.  (+info)

(4/658) Low rates of ehrlichiosis and Lyme borreliosis in English farmworkers.

To determine the occupational significance of tick-borne zoonoses we sought serological evidence of Lyme borreliosis, human monocytic ehrlichiosis (HME) and human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) in a representative sample of farmworkers. Although around 20% reported ticks on their domestic and companion animals, few (< 2% per year) reported being bitten by ticks. Seroprevalence of Lyme borreliosis (0.2%), HME (0.2%) and HGE (1.5%) was low. Those seropositive for HGE were no more likely to report tick bites nor more likely to report ticks on their animals. This study provides evidence that farmworkers in England are exposed to tick-borne zoonoses but that they are uncommon. Since the severity of these diseases is linked to delays in diagnosis and treatment, clinicians should be aware of these diagnoses in patients from rural communities, with or without a self-reported history of tick bite.  (+info)

(5/658) Environmental correlates of impaired lung function in non-smokers with severe alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency (PiZZ).

BACKGROUND: Active smoking is the most important risk factor for pulmonary emphysema in subjects with severe alpha 1-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency. The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of environmental risk factors other than active smoking on lung function and on respiratory symptoms in non-smoking PiZZ individuals. METHODS: Lifetime exposure to passive smoking, domiciliary use of a kerosene (paraffin) heater or gas cooker, and all occupations since leaving school were reported by 205 non-smoking PiZZ individuals (95 men and 110 women) included in the Swedish AAT deficiency register. Lung function test results and histories of respiratory symptoms (chronic bronchitis, recurrent wheezing, and exertional dyspnoea) were elicited from the AAT register records. RESULTS: After adjustment for age, agricultural employment and domiciliary kerosene heater usage, but not gas cooker usage or passive smoking, were both associated with significantly decreased lung function. Multiple linear regression analysis showed age, sex, kerosene heater usage, and agricultural employment to be independent determinants of lung function impairment. Age and passive smoking for 10 years or more, both at home and at the work place, were associated with the presence of chronic bronchitis. Age and agricultural employment for > or = 10 years were associated with recurrent wheezing and exertional dyspnoea. CONCLUSIONS: Domiciliary kerosene heater usage and an agricultural occupation therefore appear to be environmental factors associated with decreased lung function in non-smoking PiZZ individuals, and passive smoking is associated with an increased frequency of chronic bronchitis, but not with impaired lung function.  (+info)

(6/658) Objectives, designs and populations of the European Asclepios study on occupational hazards to male reproductive capability.

The main objective of the Asclepios program was to examine occupational risk factors for the male reproductive system. The program focused on occupational exposure to fungicides (farmers, greenhouse workers, and vineyard workers), styrene (laminators in the reinforced plastics industry) and inorganic lead (battery workers, foundry workers, and lead smelters). Questionnaire studies of time to pregnancy were combined with longitudinal and cross-sectional studies of semen quality. The 8 data-collecting centers addressed 6553 male workers and contributed time-to-pregnancy values on the 3077 most recent pregnancies. Data collection was by interview or self-collection. The average response rate across all exposures and centers was 69.8%. The Asclepios project is the first international multicenter research project on environmental risks to male reproductive function. A protocol for epidemiologic research on occupational risk factors to the male reproductive system was developed, and links between epidemiologic and experimental units were established. The majority, but not all, of the studies was completed within the given time frame.  (+info)

(7/658) Cytogenetic effects from exposure to mixed pesticides and the influence from genetic susceptibility.

Exposure to pesticides remains a major environmental health problem. Health risk from such exposure needs to be more precisely understood. We conducted three different cytogenetic assays to elucidate the biological effects of exposure to mixed pesticides in 20 Costa Rica farmers (all nonsmokers) compared with 20 matched controls. The farmers were also exposed to dibromochloropropane during the early employment years, and most of them experienced sterility/fertility problems. Our data show that the farmers had consistently higher frequencies of chromosome aberrations, as determined by the standard chromosome aberration assay, and significantly abnormal DNA repair responses (p < 0.05), as determined by the challenge assay, but no statistically significant differences in the tandem-probe fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay (p > 0.05). Genotype analysis indicates that farmers with certain "unfavorable" versions of polymorphic metabolizing genes (cytochrome P4502E1, the glutathione S-transferases mu and theta, and the paraoxonase genes) had significantly more biological effects, as determined by all three cytogenetic assays, than both the farmers with the "favorable" alleles and the matched controls. A unique observation is that, in individuals who had inherited any of the mentioned "unfavorable" alleles, farmers were consistently underrepresented. In conclusion, the Costa Rican farmers were exposed to genotoxic agents, most likely pesticides, which expressed the induction of biological and adverse health effects. The farmers who had inherited "unfavorable" metabolizing alleles were more susceptible to genotoxic effects than those with "favorable" alleles. Our genotype data suggest that the well-recognized "healthy worker effect" may be influenced by unrecognized occupational selection pressure against genetically susceptible individuals.  (+info)

(8/658) Mortality in a cohort of licensed pesticide applicators in Florida.

OBJECTIVES: Although the primary hazard to humans associated with pesticide exposure is acute poisoning, there has been considerable concern surrounding the possibility of cancer and other chronic health effects in humans. Given the huge volume of pesticides now used throughout the world, as well as environmental and food residue contamination leading to chronic low level exposure, the study of possible chronic human health effects is important. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study, analysed by general standardised mortality ratio (SMR) of licensed pesticide applicators in Florida compared with the general population of Florida. A cohort of 33,658 (10% female) licensed pesticide applicators assembled through extensive data linkages yielded 1874 deaths with 320,250 person-years from 1 January 1975 to 31 December 1993. RESULTS: The pesticide applicators were consistently and significantly healthier than the general population of Florida. As with many occupational cohorts, the risks of cardiovascular disease and of diseases associated with alcohol and tobacco use were significantly lower, even in the subpopulations--for example, men, women, and licence subcategories. Among male applicators, prostate cancer mortality (SMR 2.38 (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.83 to 3.04) was significantly increased. No cases of soft tissue sarcoma were confirmed in this cohort, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was not increased. The number of female applicators was small, as were the numbers of deaths. Mortality from cervical cancer and breast cancer was not increased. Additional subcohort and exposure analyses were performed. CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with previous publications on farmers but at odds with current theories about the protective effects of vitamin D, prostate cancer was increased in these pesticide applicators. Female breast cancer was not increased despite theories linking risk of breast cancer with exposure to oestrogen disruptors--such as the organochlorines. The lack of cases of soft tissue sarcoma is at odds with previous publications associating the use of the phenoxy herbicides with an increased risk of these cancers.  (+info)


There was an error running the query [select categoryid from categories where title like 'Agricultural Workers' Diseases' limit 1 - You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that corresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 'Diseases' limit 1' at line 1]