Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Reticulocyte Count: The number of RETICULOCYTES per unit volume of BLOOD. The values are expressed as a percentage of the ERYTHROCYTE COUNT or in the form of an index ("corrected reticulocyte index"), which attempts to account for the number of circulating erythrocytes.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Pandemics: Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Population Growth: Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.Measles Vaccine: A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had measles or been immunized with live measles vaccine and have no serum antibodies against measles. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.Measles: A highly contagious infectious disease caused by MORBILLIVIRUS, common among children but also seen in the nonimmune of any age, in which the virus enters the respiratory tract via droplet nuclei and multiplies in the epithelial cells, spreading throughout the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.United StatesRisk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Down Syndrome: A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)Gene Duplication: Processes occurring in various organisms by which new genes are copied. Gene duplication may result in a MULTIGENE FAMILY; supergenes or PSEUDOGENES.JapanWalesFrance: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.EnglandSeroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.IsraelGermanyAge of Onset: The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Great BritainEvolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.BrazilEpidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.

*  Albania - Age Distribution

Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin. More info » ...
indexmundi.com/facts/visualizations/age-distribution/?country=al

*  Embodiment, productivity, and the age distribution of capital

This paper presents empirical evidence which suggests that an increase in the age of the capital stock is actually associated ... This effect dominates the usual average age effect.

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.) ... an implication of this embodiment hypothesis is that there should be a negative relationship between measured TFP and the age ... "The age of capital, the age of utilized capital, and tests of the embodiment hypothesis," Working Papers 86-4, Federal Reserve ...

https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/jmacro/v29y2007i4p724-740.html

*  The exponential age distribution and the Pareto firm size distribution

We mix a Gibrat-type growth process among incumbents with an exponential distribution of firm's age, to obtain the empirical ... Recent work drawing on data for large and small firms has shown a Pareto distribution of firm size. ... "The Exponential Age Distribution and the Pareto Firm Size Distribution," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, ... "Investigating the exponential age distribution of firms," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel ...
https://ideas.repec.org/p/jrp/jrpwrp/2008-072.html

*  All countries compared for People | Age distribution | Population aged 15-64

Interesting observations about People , Age distribution , Population aged 15-64. *Gambia has had the highest age distribution ... Countries Compared by People , Age distribution , Population aged 15-64. International Statistics at NationMaster.com. * ... TOP STATS: Population, Age distribution , Population aged 0-14, Ethnic groups and 1058 more ... Democratic Republic of the Congo has ranked in the top 10 for age distribution , population aged 15-64 since 2085. ...
nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/People/Age-distribution/Population-aged-15--64

*  Effects of the Changing U.S. Age Distribution on Macroeconomic Equations

... Ray C. Fair, Kathryn M. Dominguez. NBER Working Paper ... There seems to be enough variance in the age distribution data to allow reasonably precise estimates of the effects of a number ... The effects of the changing U.S. age distribution on various macroeconomic equations are examined in this paper. The equations ... Age group 55-64 consumes more and demands more money. If these estimates are right, they imply, other things being equal, that ...
nber.org/papers/w2280

*  Age Distribution of the Fifty Plus (50+) Forum - Bike Forums

... just what the age distribution of this interesting, lively, and rather civil forum really is, curious gal that I am. ... Age Distribution of the Fifty Plus (50+) Forum Another thread got me to wonderin' just what the age distribution of this ... Do I act my age, I am not a liberty to say. Does that impy I don't act my age? I like to come here cause it is bike related,,, ... Please vote in your age category according to biological age. If you feel older or younger, please express this in your posts, ...
https://bikeforums.net/fifty-plus-50/307528-age-distribution-fifty-plus-50-forum.html

*  Age distribution of your LJ friends

... Age group % Count usernames 10-15 0 % ( 0 friends) 16-20 2.17 % ( 6 friends) xryundel , ... Age distribution of your LJ friends. tobotras. 19 ???, 2005. ????? ???????? :). Age distribution of your LJ friends. Age group ...
xtalk.msk.su/LJ/tobotras/2005/5/142774.html

*  Age distribution of cases and deaths during the 1889 influenza pandemic.

... we evaluate the age distributions of influenza cases and deaths during the 1889 influenza pandemic. We found that the clinical ... age-specific influenza-related mortality rates were J-shaped and increased with age beyond 20 years. We conclude that the age- ... we evaluate the age distributions of influenza cases and deaths during the 1889 influenza pandemic. We found that the clinical ... 22153666 - Age-related differences in kinetic measures of landing phase lateral stability during a.... 1481656 - Developmental ...
biomedsearch.com/nih/Age-distribution-cases-deaths-during/21757106.html

*  Age distribution of all Open Era major finalists | Page 3 | Talk Tennis

Age distribution of all Open Era major finalists. Discussion in 'General Pro Player Discussion' started by falstaff78, Feb 2, ... The age distribution of winners in the opening post would imply that that we're likely to see some new winners in the next ... Here's the age distribution of the 360 major finalists in the Open Era, broken out by decade. (i) 68-79 (ii) 80-89 (iii) 90-99 ... Here's the age distribution of the 360 major finalists in the Open Era, broken out by decade. (i) 68-79 (ii) 80-89 (iii) 90-99 ...
https://tt.tennis-warehouse.com/index.php?threads/age-distribution-of-all-open-era-major-finalists.453446/page-3

*  Age distribution among members of the Presbyterian Church USA - Religion in America: U.S. Religious Data, Demographics and...

Explore the geographic distribution and demographics of America's major religious groups. ... Age distribution. White. Black. Asian. Latino. Other/Mixed. Sample Size. Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate ... Age distribution. Men. Women. Sample Size. Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of ... Age distribution. Parents. Non-parents. Sample Size. Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for ...
pewforum.org/religious-landscape-study/religious-denomination/presbyterian-church-usa/age-distribution/

*  Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell - Religion in America: U.S. Religious Data, Demographics and...

Explore the geographic distribution and demographics of America's major religious groups. ... Age distribution. White. Black. Asian. Latino. Other/Mixed. Sample Size. Sample size = 2,195. Visit this table to see ... Age distribution. Men. Women. Sample Size. Sample size = 2,210. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a ... Age distribution. Parents. Non-parents. Sample Size. Sample size = 2,207. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error ...
pewforum.org/religious-landscape-study/age-distribution/among/belief-in-hell/dont-believe/

*  Age distribution by frequency feeling a sense of wonder about the universe - Religion in America: U.S. Religious Data,...

Explore the geographic distribution and demographics of America's major religious groups. ... Age distribution by frequency feeling a sense of wonder about the universe (2014) Switch to: Frequency of feeling wonder about ... Age distribution by frequency feeling a sense of wonder about the universe. ...
pewforum.org/religious-landscape-study/compare/age-distribution/by/frequency-of-feeling-wonder-about-the-universe/

*  Age distribution among unitarians and Other Liberal Faiths in "Other Faiths" Tradition - Religion in America: U.S. Religious...

Explore the geographic distribution and demographics of America's major religious groups. ... Age distribution. White. Black. Asian. Latino. Other/Mixed. Sample Size. Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate ... Age distribution. Men. Women. Sample Size. Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of ... Age distribution. Parents. Non-parents. Sample Size. Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for ...
pewforum.org/religious-landscape-study/religious-family/unitarians-and-other-liberal-faiths-in-the-other-faiths-tradition/age-distribution/

*  Re: Tyrannosaur age-population distributions

Next by thread: Re: Tyrannosaur age-population distributions *Indexes: * DINOSAUR-2006Jul by date * DINOSAUR-2006Jul by thread ... Re: Tyrannosaur age-population distributions. *To: Dinosaur Mailing List ,dinosaur@usc.edu, ... Previous by thread: Re: Tyrannosaur age-population distributions * ... Injuries, old age and environmental stresses make it increasingly harder to survive. Scavenging and kleptophagy become MORE ...
dml.cmnh.org/2006Jul/msg00245.html

*  Re: Tyrannosaur age-population distributions

Next by thread: Re: Tyrannosaur age-population distributions *Indexes: * DINOSAUR-2006Jul by date * DINOSAUR-2006Jul by thread ... Re: Tyrannosaur age-population distributions *From: K and T Dykes ,ktdykes@arcor.de, ... Re: Tyrannosaur age-population distributions *From: Dann Pigdon ,dannj@alphalink.com.au, ... Previous by thread: Re: Tyrannosaur age-population distributions * ...
dml.cmnh.org/2006Jul/msg00235.html

*  Population Distribution or Structure - Age Distribution

Population distribution refers to the ways in which the population of a given country is distributed into certain categories ... such as age, sex, occupation and geographical distribution. ... Dependent Population Age Group Age Distribution Labor Force Age ... Age distribution This is the break down of the population of a country into age groups. age distribution in economics is very ... Age Distribution, Age Group, Age Structure, Dependent Population, Labor Force, Population Distribution ...
https://money.wikinut.com/Population-Distribution-or-Structure-Age-Distribution/gjoh.f02/

*  Age Distribution | Grenada Mississippi - Economic Development District

2000 Gateway Street, Suite A, Grenada, MS 38901 , Office: 662.229.9502 , Fax: 662.229. ...
grenadameansbusiness.com/age-distribution-0

*  Petnostics Expands Distribution | Pet Age

Petnostics Expands Distribution. Facebook Twitter Pinterest StumbleUpon Tumblr Reddit Digg Email By: Pet Age Staff. January 11 ... Pet Food Express Now Carries Treatibles Products Pet Age Staff Neighborhood Pet Store Joining the Pet Supplies Plus Family Pet ... Sign up for Pet Age's Weekly E-newsletter for the latest in pet business news, recalls and more. ...
petage.com/petnostics-now-available-at-all-meijer-locations/

*  UK Twitter users distribution by age 2012-2018 | Forecast

This statistic shows the age distribution of Twitter users in the United Kingdom (UK) in 2012 and 2013, with a forecast to 2018 ... by age groupGlobal social login usage distribution 2016, by age. *Distribution of social logins among internet users worldwide ... This statistic shows the age distribution of Twitter users in the United Kingdom (UK) in 2012 and 2013, with a forecast to 2018 ... Distribution of Twitter users in the United Kingdom (UK) from 2012 to 2018, by age group. ...
https://statista.com/statistics/271351/twitter-users-in-the-united-kingdom-uk-by-age/

*  New Age Electronics signes distribution agreement with KEF

... has signed a distribution agreement with KEF, to distribute a select offering of its home theater loudspeakers and personal and ... New Age Electronics, a distributor of consumer electronics and gaming products, ... New Age Electronics signes distribution agreement with KEF. New Age Electronics, a distributor of consumer electronics and ... ams awards EMEA distribution franchise to EBV ams announces that the company has signed a franchise distribution agreement with ...
evertiq.com/design/37316

*  Social Media News Distribution Comes of Age | TalentZoo.com

The use of Web 2.0 technologies for news distribution has really grown, and has reached the point... ... I have been helping clients evaluate and implement social media news distribution. ... I am not a big fan of the Social Media News Release as I think e-mail, the primary distribution method for the standalone news ... Another do-it-yourself option, similar to PitchEngine, is PRX Builder, offering user-created releases with distribution through ...
talentzoo.com/news/Social-Media-News-Distribution-Comes-of-Age/1518.html

*  Modelling the age-dependent personal income distribution in the USA

Here we address the problem of the fine age structure of the PIDs. The age-dependent PIDs are modelled by using the same ... The evolution of the age-dependent PIDs in time is also accurately predicted. The difference in the PID levels in the youngest ... As expected from the age-dependent accuracy of the Current Population Surveys, the model has demonstrated an excellent ... age group is explained by some shortcomings in the design of the enumeration procedure. Corresponding recommendations are given ...
https://ideas.repec.org/p/inq/inqwps/ecineq2006-17.html

*  TV Distribution In a 'Golden Age' | Multichannel

Some have called this digital-focused era a New Golden Age of Television, and that same label can be applied to the new and ... "We're in the Golden Age of distribution now," Brent Smith, president, chief technology and co-founder of Evolution Digital, ... TV Distribution In a 'Golden Age'. 10/24/2016 8:00 AM Eastern ... new distribution systems and interfaces are "bringing the ... NEW YORK - Some have called this digital-focused era a New Golden Age of Television, and that same label can be applied to the ...
multichannel.com/tv-distribution-golden-age/408600

*  Sleepy's to Move Distribution Center | Chain Store Age

of warehouse and distribution space with BJ's Wholesale Club Inc., according to the Boston Business Journal. The mattress ... Download this white paper from Chain Store Age and IBM to learn four ways to Improve fulfillment, increase efficiency-and drive ... retailer will move into 32 Forge Park in Franklin, Mass., which will become the company's new Massachusetts distribution center ...
chainstoreage.com/article/sleepys-move-distribution-center?ad=real-estate

*  Distribution Roundup: New Age Rolls Out Marley Mate, Pulse Goes NW - BevNET.com

Distribution Roundup: New Age Rolls Out Marley Mate, Pulse Goes NW. Martín Caballero Sep. 8, 2017 at 4:33 pm. ... New Age Beverages Corporation. New Age Beverages Corporation is a Colorado-based, leading all-natural and organic healthy ... Pulse Adds Regional Distribution for Natural Cabana. Denver, Colo.-based Pulse Beverage Corporation announced on August 28 an ... Last week, New Age Beverages Corporation announced that Marley Mate, a ready-to-drink yerba mate beverage that the company took ...
https://bevnet.com/news/2017/distribution-roundup-new-age-rolls-marley-mate-pulse-goes-nw

Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Incidence (epidemiology): Incidence is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time. Although sometimes loosely expressed simply as the number of new cases during some time period, it is better expressed as a proportion or a rate with a denominator.Four Seasons Baltimore and Residences: Four Seasons Hotel Baltimore is currently a 22 story highrise hotel complex building which opened on November 14, 2011. The building's construction began back in 2007 and went through several changes.Pandemic: A pandemic (from Greek πᾶν pan "all" and δῆμος demos "people") is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide. A widespread endemic disease that is stable in terms of how many people are getting sick from it is not a pandemic.Influenza A virus subtype H1N1: Influenza A (H1N1) virus is the subtype of influenza A virus that was the most common cause of human influenza (flu) in 2009, and is associated with the 1918 outbreak known as the Spanish Flu.Food Race: American environmental author Daniel Quinn coined the term Food Race (by analogy to the Cold War's "nuclear arms race") to describe an understanding of the current overpopulation emergency as a perpetually escalating crisis between growing human population and growing food production, fueled by the latter. Quinn argues that as the worldwide human population increases, the typical international response is to more intensely produce and distribute food to feed these greater numbers of people.Measles hemagglutinin: Measles hemagglutinin is a hemagglutinin produced by measles virus.National Outbreak Reporting System: ==The National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS)==Proportional reporting ratio: The proportional reporting ratio (PRR) is a statistic that is used to summarize the extent to which a particular adverse event is reported for individuals taking a specific drug, compared to the frequency at which the same adverse event is reported for patients taking some other drug (or who are taking any drug in a specified class of drugs). The PRR will typically be calculated using a surveillance database in which reports of adverse events from a variety of drugs are recorded.Disease registry: Disease or patient registries are collections of secondary data related to patients with a specific diagnosis, condition, or procedure, and they play an important role in post marketing surveillance of pharmaceuticals. Registries are different from indexes in that they contain more extensive data.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingNational Down Syndrome SocietyGene duplication: Gene duplication (or chromosomal duplication or gene amplification) is a major mechanism through which new genetic material is generated during molecular evolution. It can be defined as any duplication of a region of DNA that contains a gene.Niigata UniversityNorth Wales Narrow Gauge RailwaysBudic II of Brittany: Budic II (; or ; ), formerly known as Budick, was a king of Cornouaille in Brittany in the late 5th and early 6th centuries. He was the father of Hoel Mawr and is probably to be identified with the Emyr Llydaw ("Emperor of Brittany") and King Nentres who appear in Arthurian legend.Red Moss, Greater Manchester: Red Moss is a wetland mossland in Greater Manchester, located south of Horwich and east of Blackrod. (Grid Reference ).Seroprevalence: Seroprevalence is the number of persons in a population who test positive for a specific disease based on serology (blood serum) specimens; often presented as a percent of the total specimens tested or as a proportion per 100,000 persons tested. As positively identifying the occurrence of disease is usually based upon the presence of antibodies for that disease (especially with viral infections such as Herpes Simplex and HIV), this number is not significant if the specificity of the antibody is low.Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center: Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center (commonly referred to as Ichilov Hospital) is the main hospital serving Tel Aviv, Israel, and its metropolitan area. It is the third-largest hospital complex in the country.Baden, Lower Saxony: Baden is a town near Bremen, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is known to Africanists and Phoneticians as the place where Diedrich Hermann Westermann was born and died.Prenatal nutrition: Nutrition and weight management before and during :pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants. This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for optimal growth and health outcome later in life.Matrix population models: Population models are used in population ecology to model the dynamics of wildlife or human populations. Matrix population models are a specific type of population model that uses matrix algebra.Layout of the Port of Tianjin: The Port of Tianjin is divided into nine areas: the three core (“Tianjin Xingang”) areas of Beijiang, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway; the Haihe area along the river; the Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary; the Dagukou port area in the estuary of the Haihe River; and three areas under construction (Hanggu, Gaoshaling, Nangang).Inverse probability weighting: Inverse probability weighting is a statistical technique for calculating statistics standardized to a population different from that in which the data was collected. Study designs with a disparate sampling population and population of target inference (target population) are common in application.Lucas paradox: In economics, the Lucas paradox or the Lucas puzzle is the observation that capital does not flow from developed countries to developing countries despite the fact that developing countries have lower levels of capital per worker.}}National Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.Molecular evolution: Molecular evolution is a change in the sequence composition of cellular molecules such as DNA, RNA, and proteins across generations. The field of molecular evolution uses principles of evolutionary biology and population genetics to explain patterns in these changes.Gestational age: Gestational age (or menstrual age) is a measure of the age of a pregnancy where the origin is the woman's last normal menstrual period (LMP), or the corresponding age as estimated by other methods. Such methods include adding 14 days to a known duration since fertilization (as is possible in in vitro fertilization), or by obstetric ultrasonography.Matrix model: == Mathematics and physics ==University of CampinasEpidemiological method: The science of epidemiology has matured significantly from the times of Hippocrates and John Snow. The techniques for gathering and analyzing epidemiological data vary depending on the type of disease being monitored but each study will have overarching similarities.VaccinationCanadian Organ Replacement Registry: The Canadian Organ Replacement Registry CORR is a health organisation was started by Canadian nephrologists and kidney transplant surgeons in 1985 in order to develop the care of patients with renal failure. In the early 1990s data on liver and heart transplantation were added to the registry.Von Neumann regular ring: In mathematics, a von Neumann regular ring is a ring R such that for every a in R there exists an x in R such that . To avoid the possible confusion with the regular rings and regular local rings of commutative algebra (which are unrelated notions), von Neumann regular rings are also called absolutely flat rings, because these rings are characterized by the fact that every left module is flat.Cancer survival rates: Cancer survival rates vary by the type of cancer, stage at diagnosis, treatment given and many other factors, including country. In general survival rates are improving, although more so for some cancers than others.Branching order of bacterial phyla (Gupta, 2001): There are several models of the Branching order of bacterial phyla, one of these was proposed in 2001 by Gupta based on conserved indels or protein, termed "protein signatures", an alternative approach to molecular phylogeny. Some problematic exceptions and conflicts are present to these conserved indels, however, they are in agreement with several groupings of classes and phyla.Breast cancer classification: Breast cancer classification divides breast cancer into categories according to different schemes, each based on different criteria and serving a different purpose. The major categories are the histopathological type, the grade of the tumor, the stage of the tumor, and the expression of proteins and genes.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Global Risks Report: The Global Risks Report is an annual study published by the World Economic Forum ahead of the Forum’s Annual Meeting in Davos, Switzerland. Based on the work of the Global Risk Network, the report describes changes occurring in the global risks landscape from year to year and identifies the global risks that could play a critical role in the upcoming year.

(1/11460) Water traffic accidents, drowning and alcohol in Finland, 1969-1995.

OBJECTIVE: To examine age- and sex-specific mortality rates and trends in water traffic accidents (WTA), and their association with alcohol, in Finland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: National mortality and population data from Finland, 1969-1995, are used to analyse rates and trends. The mortality rates are calculated on the basis of population, per 100000 inhabitants in each age group (<1, 1-4, 5-14, 15-24, 25-44, 45-64, > or = 65), and analysed by sex and age. The Poisson regression model and chi2 test for trend (EGRET and StatXact softwares) are used to analyse time trends. RESULTS: From 1969 through 1995 there were 3473 (2.7/100000/year; M:F= 20.4:1) WTA-related deaths among Finns of all ages. In 94.7% of the cases the cause of death was drowning. Alcohol intoxication was a contributing cause of death in 63.0% of the fatalities. During the study period the overall WTA mortality rates declined significantly (-4% per year; P < 0.001). This decline was observed in all age groups except > or = 65 year olds. The overall mortality rates in WTA associated with alcohol intoxication (1987-1995) also declined significantly (-6%; P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In Finland, mortality rates in WTA are exceptionally high. Despite a marked decline in most age groups, the high mortality in WTA nevertheless remains a preventable cause of death. Preventive countermeasures targeted specifically to adult males, to the reduction of alcohol consumption in aquatic settings and to the use of personal safety devices should receive priority.  (+info)

(2/11460) A method for calculating age-weighted death proportions for comparison purposes.

OBJECTIVE: To introduce a method for calculating age-weighted death proportions (wDP) for comparison purposes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A methodological study using secondary data from the municipality of Sao Paulo, Brazil (1980-1994) was carried out. First, deaths are weighted in terms of years of potential life lost before the age of 100 years. Then, in order to eliminate distortion of comparisons among proportions of years of potential life lost before the age of 100 years (pYPLL-100), the denominator is set to that of a standard age distribution of deaths for all causes. Conventional death proportions (DP), pYPLL-100, and wDP were calculated. RESULTS: Populations in which deaths from a particular cause occur at older ages exhibit lower wDP than those in which deaths occur at younger ages. The sum of all cause-specific wDP equals one only when the test population has exactly the same age distribution of deaths for all causes as that of the standard population. CONCLUSION: Age-weighted death proportions improve the information given by conventional DP, and are strongly recommended for comparison purposes.  (+info)

(3/11460) The meaning and use of the cumulative rate of potential life lost.

BACKGROUND: The 'years of potential life lost' (YPLL) is a public health measure in widespread use. However, the index does not apply to the comparisons between different populations or across different time periods. It also has the limit of being cross-sectional in nature, quantifying current burden but not future impact on society. METHODS: A new years-lost index is proposed-the 'cumulative rate of potential life lost' (CRPLL). It is a simple combination of the 'cumulative rate' (CR) and the YPLL. Vital statistics in Taiwan are used for demonstration and comparison of the new index with existing health-status measures. RESULTS: The CRPLL serves the purpose of between-group comparison. It can also be considered a projection of future impact, under the assumption that the age-specific mortality rates in the current year prevail. For a rare cause of death, it can be interpreted as the expected years (days) of potential life lost during a subject's lifetime. CONCLUSIONS: The CRPLL has several desirable properties, rendering it a promising alternative for quantifying health status.  (+info)

(4/11460) Risk factors for injuries and other health problems sustained in a marathon.

OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for injuries and other health problems occurring during or immediately after participation in a marathon. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was undertaken of participants in the 1993 Auckland Citibank marathon. Demographic data, information on running experience, training and injuries, and information on other lifestyle factors were obtained from participants before the race using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Information on injuries and other health problems sustained during or immediately after the marathon were obtained by a self administered questionnaire. Logistic regression analyses were undertaken to identify significant risk factors for health problems. RESULTS: This study, one of only a few controlled epidemiological studies that have been undertaken of running injuries, has identified a number of risk factors for injuries and other health problems sustained in a marathon. Men were at increased risk of hamstring and calf problems, whereas women were at increased risk of hip problems. Participation in a marathon for the first time, participation in other sports, illness in the two weeks before the marathon, current use of medication, and drinking alcohol once a month or more, were associated with increased self reported risks of problems. While increased training seemed to increase the risk of front thigh and hamstring problems, it may decrease the risk of knee problems. There are significant but complex relations between age and risk of injury or health problem. CONCLUSIONS: This study has identified certain high risk subjects and risk factors for injuries and other health problems sustained in a marathon. In particular, subjects who have recently been unwell or are taking medication should weigh up carefully the pros and cons of participating.  (+info)

(5/11460) Disabling injuries of the cervical spine in Argentine rugby over the last 20 years.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of disabling injuries to the cervical spine in rugby in Argentina. METHODS: A retrospective review of all cases reported to the Medical Committee of the Argentine Rugby Union (UAR) and Rugby Amistad Foundation was carried out including a follow up by phone. Cumulative binomial distribution, chi 2 test, Fisher test, and comparison of proportions were used to analyse relative incidence and risk of injury by position and by phase of play (Epi Info 6, Version 6.04a). RESULTS: Eighteen cases of disabling injury to the cervical spine were recorded from 1977 to 1997 (0.9 cases per year). The forwards (14 cases) were more prone to disabling injury of the cervical spine than the backs (four cases) (p = 0.03). Hookers (9/18) were at highest risk of injury (p < 0.01). The most frequent cervical injuries occurred at the 4th, 5th, and 6th vertebrae. Seventeen of the injuries occurred during match play. Set scrums were responsible for most of the injuries (11/18) but this was not statistically significant (p = 0.44). The mean age of the injured players was 22. Tetraplegia was initially found in all cases. Physical rehabilitation has been limited to the proximal muscles of the upper limbs, except for two cases of complete recovery. One death, on the seventh day after injury, was reported. CONCLUSIONS: The forwards suffered a higher number of injuries than the backs and this difference was statistically significant. The chance of injury for hookers was statistically higher than for the rest of the players and it was particularly linked to scrummaging. However, the number of injuries incurred in scrums was not statistically different from the number incurred in other phases of play.  (+info)

(6/11460) Mayaro virus disease: an emerging mosquito-borne zoonosis in tropical South America.

This report describes the clinical, laboratory, and epidemiological findings on 27 cases of Mayaro virus (MV) disease, an emerging mosquito-borne viral illness that is endemic in rural areas of tropical South America. MV disease is a nonfatal, dengue-like illness characterized by fever, chills, headache, eye pain, generalized myalgia, arthralgia, diarrhea, vomiting, and rash of 3-5 days' duration. Severe joint pain is a prominent feature of this illness; the arthralgia sometimes persists for months and can be quite incapacitating. Cases of two visitors from the United States, who developed MV disease during visits to eastern Peru, are reported. MV disease and dengue are difficult to differentiate clinically.  (+info)

(7/11460) Assessment of complement deficiency in patients with meningococcal disease in The Netherlands.

The frequency of complement deficiency in 176 of 7,732 patients with meningococcal disease in the Netherlands from 1959 through 1992 was assessed. Complement deficiency was found in six patients (3%): 3 (7%) of the patients with Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C disease, 1 (2%) of the patients with N. meningitidis serogroup A disease, and 2 (33%) of the patients with infections due to uncommon serogroups and nongroupable strains of N. meningitidis. Of 91 additional patients with meningococcal infections due to uncommon serogroups, 33% also had complement deficiency. Thirty-four of the 36 complement-deficient patients with meningococcal disease who were from 33 families were 5 years of age or older. Twenty-six additional complement-deficient relatives were found. Screening individuals with meningococcal disease due to uncommon serogroups who were 5 years of age or older identified 30 of the 33 complement-deficient families. Only 27% of the complement-deficient relatives had had meningococcal disease. This risk was lower for relatives with properdin deficiency (18%) than for those deficient in the late component of complement (38%). Therefore, pedigree studies are warranted for identifying those complement-deficient persons who require vaccination for meningococcal disease.  (+info)

(8/11460) Prediction of life expectancy in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension. A retrospective nationwide survey from 1980-1990.

Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a progressive disease of unknown etiology usually followed by death within 5 years after diagnosis. Although heart-lung or lung transplantation is now offered to patients with advanced PPH, adequate criteria assessing an accurate prediction of life expectancy in PPH has been difficult to establish. The aims of this study were to identify the characteristic features associated with a poor prognosis in patients with PPH, and to attempt to establish an individual prognostic index that predicts with great accuracy survival or death of PPH after one year, thereby helping to define criteria for patient selection for transplantation. In 1991, a retrospective nation-wide survey on PPH was conducted in Japan, and the clinical and cardiorespiratory variables of 223 PPH cases (female; 144, male; 79) in the period from 1980-1990 were obtained. The mean pulmonary arterial pressure (PPA) was 57.5+/-17.2 mm Hg (mean+/-SD), and the overall median survival time was 32.5 months since the first diagnostic catheterization. The characteristic features of 61 patients who died within one year of catheterization (Nonsurvivors group) were compared to 141 patients who survived one year or more from the time of catheterization (Survivors group). Among several clinical and cardiorespiratory variables, heart rate, PPA, right atrial pressure (PRA), stroke volume index (SI), pulmonary vascular resistance, and partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) were significantly different between the two groups. As the independent factors, PPA, PRA, SI, and PaCO2 were selected for the multiple logistic analysis. Using a 0.7 probability cut-point to separate Nonsurvivors from Survivors, 84.6% of Nonsurvivors and Survivors could be correctly predicted from this logistic regression equation. Predictive equations like the present preliminary one can be used in the future to better assess life expectancy in patients with PPH in whom transplantation will be considered.  (+info)



Population


  • If, as Easterlin argues, the average wage that an age group faces is negatively affected by the percent of the population in that group, then the labor force participation rate of a group should depend on the relative size of the group. (nber.org)
  • Population distribution refers to the ways in which the population of a given country is distributed into certain categories such as age, sex, occupation and geographical distribution. (wikinut.com)
  • This is the break down of the population of a country into age groups. (wikinut.com)
  • age distribution in economics is very important as it shows the usefulness of population and the supply of labor required in different sectors of the economy. (wikinut.com)
  • The population of a country can be divided into the following three age groups. (wikinut.com)
  • From the above classification, the population within the age bracket 0-17 years includes the infants, children, pupils in nursery, primary, secondary and tertiary institutions. (wikinut.com)
  • This age group is called dependent population because they are not economically productive as they cannot be employed in the labor market. (wikinut.com)
  • If the population of this age group is very high, it has lots of economic implications such as putting more pressure on the working class, low savings, provision of schools and other children goods and services. (wikinut.com)
  • The age group 18-60 years is popularly referred to as the active population or working population or labor force. (wikinut.com)
  • The age group 60 years and above is the old age, just like the children (0-17 years), they do not involve themselves in productive activities hence they are also classified as dependent population. (wikinut.com)
  • 1. Determination of tax: With the knowledge of age distribution of the population, the expected tax can be determined based on the number of people in the working group of labor force. (wikinut.com)
  • 2. Knowledge of dependent: The number of the dependents (0-17 years and 60 years and above) can be determined easily through age distribution in a population. (wikinut.com)
  • 4. Determination of government budget: The age structure of a population will assist government to draw up its budget. (wikinut.com)
  • If for example the population of the children (0-17 years) is very high, it means the government will need to vote a huge amount of money to provide goods and services required by this age group than for other groups. (wikinut.com)
  • 5. Production pattern: the age distribution of the population will help the manufacturer to determine the pattern of production to meet the needs of a particular age group. (wikinut.com)
  • 6. It determines the nature of market: The understanding of the age structure of a population will help to determine the nature of market, eg, a population with high number of children will create more market for children goods and services. (wikinut.com)
  • 7. It determines the birth and death rates: the age structure of a population will determine the rate of birth and death, eg, when the population of old people is higher than that of other groups, it means the death rate is going to be higher. (wikinut.com)
  • 8. It determines the standard of living: The age structure of a given population will reveal the income per capital and standard of living. (wikinut.com)

empirical


  • This paper presents empirical evidence which suggests that an increase in the age of the capital stock is actually associated with higher TFP growth. (repec.org)
  • We mix a Gibrat-type growth process among incumbents with an exponential distribution of firm's age, to obtain the empirical Pareto distribution. (repec.org)

group


  • Age group 55-64 consumes more and demands more money. (nber.org)
  • If these estimates are right, they imply, other things being equal, that consumption and housing investment will be negatively affected in the future as more and more baby boomers enter the 30-54 age group. (nber.org)
  • The problem is when you see the players in the 21-24 age group who should be taking over you relaise that's not going to happen. (tennis-warehouse.com)

Economics


  • Embodiment, productivity, and the age distribution of capital ," Open Access publications 10197/240, School of Economics, University College Dublin. (repec.org)
  • Investigating the exponential age distribution of firms ," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal , Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 4, pages 1-30. (repec.org)
  • Investigating the exponential age distribution of firms ," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2009-23, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography. (repec.org)
  • Investigating the exponential age distribution of firms ," Economics Discussion Papers 2010-12, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW). (repec.org)

years


  • Presumably, those over 50 years of age subscribe to this forum, well, because it calls out to you, and so I won't ask you to give a reason why you're here, though I'd love to hear your thoughts on what this forum brings to your life, above and beyond the other forums on BF, if you're willing to share them. (bikeforums.net)
  • As for those lurkers and occasional posters under 50 years of age, like me, I'd really like to hear what it is about this forum that brings you here. (bikeforums.net)
  • For the first time that I can remember, someone didn't classify us as 65+, which is the common way age criterion is set up in the 'other' forums - you know - every five years until 65, and then 65+. (bikeforums.net)
  • We found that the clinical attack rate in 1889 was relatively high and constant between the ages of 1 and 60 years, but was lower outside of the extremes of this age range. (biomedsearch.com)
  • By contrast, age-specific influenza-related mortality rates were J-shaped and increased with age beyond 20 years. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The age distribution of winners in the opening post would imply that that we're likely to see some new winners in the next couple of years as Murray and Djokovic turn 26/27, and Nadal turns 27/28. (tennis-warehouse.com)
  • 60 years and above: Old age (dependent populations). (wikinut.com)

average


  • This effect dominates the usual average age effect. (repec.org)
  • The results show that, other things being equal, age groups 30-39 and 40-54 consume less than average, invest less in housing than average, and demand more money than average. (nber.org)

labor force


  • 3. Size of labor force: With a good age distribution, the number of people working can easily be determined. (wikinut.com)

categories


  • There seems to be enough variance in the age distribution data to allow reasonably precise estimates of the effects of a number of age categories on the macro variables. (nber.org)

category


  • Please vote in your age category according to biological age. (bikeforums.net)

countries


  • 2000. " Company size distribution in different countries ," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications , Elsevier, vol. 277(1), pages 220-227. (repec.org)
  • On the size distribution of firms: additional evidence from the G7 countries ," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications , Elsevier, vol. 324(1), pages 117-123. (repec.org)
  • Using historical data taken from archival records from five European countries and the United States, we evaluate the age distributions of influenza cases and deaths during the 1889 influenza pandemic. (biomedsearch.com)

size


  • Recent work drawing on data for large and small firms has shown a Pareto distribution of firm size. (repec.org)
  • The Exponential Age Distribution and the Pareto Firm Size Distribution ," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade , Springer, vol. 10(3), pages 389-395, September. (repec.org)

shows


  • This statistic shows the age distribution of Twitter users in the United Kingdom (UK) in 2012 and 2013, with a forecast to 2018. (statista.com)

another


  • Another thread got me to wonderin' just what the age distribution of this interesting, lively, and rather civil forum really is, curious gal that I am. (bikeforums.net)

activities


  • this is the economic age bracket that are involved in productive activities or employment. (wikinut.com)