Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.IndiaCross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Age Groups: Persons classified by age from birth (INFANT, NEWBORN) to octogenarians and older (AGED, 80 AND OVER).United StatesMortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Seroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.EnglandCause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.BrazilUrban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.SwedenJapanTurkeyWalesInfluenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Drowning: Death that occurs as a result of anoxia or heart arrest, associated with immersion in liquid.Suicide: The act of killing oneself.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Life Expectancy: Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.Poisson Distribution: A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.NorwayWounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Great BritainVaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.GermanyAccidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.ScotlandSmoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.FinlandPregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.IranChina: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Morbidity: The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)AccidentsAnthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Health Transition: Demographic and epidemiologic changes that have occurred in the last five decades in many developing countries and that are characterized by major growth in the number and proportion of middle-aged and elderly persons and in the frequency of the diseases that occur in these age groups. The health transition is the result of efforts to improve maternal and child health via primary care and outreach services and such efforts have been responsible for a decrease in the birth rate; reduced maternal mortality; improved preventive services; reduced infant mortality, and the increased life expectancy that defines the transition. (From Ann Intern Med 1992 Mar 15;116(6):499-504)Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.EstoniaOdds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.TaiwanUrban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Influenza Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.QatarMultivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Hepatitis A: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by a member of the HEPATOVIRUS genus, HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS. It can be transmitted through fecal contamination of food or water.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Hepatitis A Antibodies: Antibodies to the HEPATITIS A ANTIGENS including antibodies to envelope, core, and non-structural proteins.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Republic of Korea: The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.Homicide: The killing of one person by another.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Poisoning: A condition or physical state produced by the ingestion, injection, inhalation of or exposure to a deleterious agent.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.PakistanCohort Effect: Variation in health status arising from different causal factors to which each birth cohort in a population is exposed as environment and society change.ItalySeverity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Whooping Cough: A respiratory infection caused by BORDETELLA PERTUSSIS and characterized by paroxysmal coughing ending in a prolonged crowing intake of breath.EuropeSchistosomiasis haematobia: A human disease caused by the infection of parasitic worms SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM. It is endemic in AFRICA and parts of the MIDDLE EAST. Tissue damages most often occur in the URINARY TRACT, specifically the URINARY BLADDER.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.New Zealand: A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)Mumps: An acute infectious disease caused by RUBULAVIRUS, spread by direct contact, airborne droplet nuclei, fomites contaminated by infectious saliva, and perhaps urine, and usually seen in children under the age of 15, although adults may also be affected. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Mansonelliasis: Infection with nematodes of the genus MANSONELLA. Symptoms include pruritus, headache, and articular swelling.IsraelCroatia: Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.SingaporeAnimals, Newborn: Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.Endemic Diseases: The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)Pandemics: Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.BelgiumKorea: Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.PolandData Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Asthma: A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).Mass Vaccination: Administration of a vaccine to large populations in order to elicit IMMUNITY.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Accidents, HomeVital Statistics: Used for general articles concerning statistics of births, deaths, marriages, etc.Child Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.Chickenpox: A highly contagious infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). It usually affects children, is spread by direct contact or respiratory route via droplet nuclei, and is characterized by the appearance on the skin and mucous membranes of successive crops of typical pruritic vesicular lesions that are easily broken and become scabbed. Chickenpox is relatively benign in children, but may be complicated by pneumonia and encephalitis in adults. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Death Certificates: Official records of individual deaths including the cause of death certified by a physician, and any other required identifying information.Age of Onset: The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Accidental Falls: Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.Measles: A highly contagious infectious disease caused by MORBILLIVIRUS, common among children but also seen in the nonimmune of any age, in which the virus enters the respiratory tract via droplet nuclei and multiplies in the epithelial cells, spreading throughout the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.DenmarkTanzania: A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Uterine Cervical Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Immunization Programs: Organized services to administer immunization procedures in the prevention of various diseases. The programs are made available over a wide range of sites: schools, hospitals, public health agencies, voluntary health agencies, etc. They are administered to an equally wide range of population groups or on various administrative levels: community, municipal, state, national, international.Pediatrics: A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)African Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.Pneumococcal Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infections with STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.Rats, Inbred F344Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Epidemiologic Studies: Studies designed to examine associations, commonly, hypothesized causal relations. They are usually concerned with identifying or measuring the effects of risk factors or exposures. The common types of analytic study are CASE-CONTROL STUDIES; COHORT STUDIES; and CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES.Mansonella: A genus of parasitic nematodes whose organisms are distributed in Central and South America. Characteristics include a smooth cuticle and an enlarged anterior end.Mammography: Radiographic examination of the breast.Measles Vaccine: A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had measles or been immunized with live measles vaccine and have no serum antibodies against measles. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Saudi ArabiaStatistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Ethiopia: An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.SwitzerlandSchistosoma haematobium: A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae which occurs at different stages in development in veins of the pulmonary and hepatic system and finally the bladder lumen. This parasite causes urinary schistosomiasis.France: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.Immunization Schedule: Schedule giving optimum times usually for primary and/or secondary immunization.Immunoglobulin G: The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.Thailand: Formerly known as Siam, this is a Southeast Asian nation at the center of the Indochina peninsula. Bangkok is the capital city.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Sentinel Surveillance: Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)GreeceTooth Loss: The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.Kenya: A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Gastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Dental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.CaliforniaPatient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Early Detection of Cancer: Methods to identify and characterize cancer in the early stages of disease and predict tumor behavior.Vaccines, Conjugate: Semisynthetic vaccines consisting of polysaccharide antigens from microorganisms attached to protein carrier molecules. The carrier protein is recognized by macrophages and T-cells thus enhancing immunity. Conjugate vaccines induce antibody formation in people not responsive to polysaccharide alone, induce higher levels of antibody, and show a booster response on repeated injection.Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.

*  Educational Nutrition Material for Select Age Groups

... Nutrition is vital to the health and well-being of all human beings. This ... Just for Kids: Fun Food Groups - Sponsored by The Hospital for Sick Children, this site teaches kids about foods as they help ... Eating the right foods, especially at a young age, is vital to help a child grow up to become a strong adult. ... This article provides links to games, activities, and fun information on nutrition for children in three age categories. ...
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*  Research Reveals DVD Bible Popularity Rises For Senior Citizen To Children Age Groups

Age grouped students 18 to 35 were able to get greater comprehension for both study and over-all learning for longer periods of ... The research also targeted all age groups of casual readers, Bible students, of only The King James Holy Bible Version & The ... An in depth 90 day phone research project reveals all age groups ranging from Senior Citizen's to small young children find ... Research Reveals DVD Bible Popularity Rises For Senior Citizen To Children Age Groups ...
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*  Service age groups | City of Playford | Community profile

... proportion of persons at post retirement age than City of Playford in 2016. ... About the profile areas Population summary Population estimates Service age groups Five year age groups Single year of age ... Service age groups 2016 Five year age groups 2016 Single year of age 2016 ... Dominant groups. Analysis of the service age groups of Hillbank in 2016 compared to City of Playford shows that there was a ...
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*  Age-Group Swimming Records and Efficiency Loss | Runner's World

Age-Group Swimming Records and Efficiency Loss. By Alex Hutchinson Monday, February 13, 2012, 12:00 am ... Italian researchers just posted an interesting analysis of age-group world records in swimming in the European Journal of ... compared to what the maximum metabolic power would have to be if the decline in age-group records was due purely to loss of ... On the other hand, another study of runners didn't find any loss of efficiency with age. For now, the verdict is unclear -- but ...
https://runnersworld.com/sweat-science/age-group-swimming-records-and-efficiency-loss

*  Fins' Kemeny named age group coach of the year

... Photo by Mary Beth Lyons/For Bluffton Today Coach Eric Kemeny gives last minute ... USA swimming breaks age groups down into the following: 8 years and under, 9-10 years old, 11-12 years old, 13-14 years old and ... Eric Kemeny, head coach of the Fins Swim Team in Bluffton, was named South Carolina Age Group Coach of the Year at the SC All- ... The Fins had eight age group sectional qualifiers, 10 all-state swimmers and 27 state qualifiers this season. They placed fifth ...
savannahnow.com/bluffton-sports/2012-05-06/fins-kemeny-named-age-group-coach-year?quicktabs_3=0

*  Talk:Proposed features/age group - OpenStreetMap Wiki

max_age. =. *. and max_age. =. *. which seem to be sufficient for the purpose --Polarbear w (talk) 11:10, 10 May 2014 (UTC). ... private schools will usually have the ages on a sign outside; for schools inspected by Ofsted the age range will be in the ... Most schools I have seen have no public display of the age range that the school accepts, so how am I supposed to be able to ... Most schools will have their own websites which tell you what the age range is; with knowledge of the system in a particular ...
wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Talk:Proposed_features/age_group

*  What age group is Reading Eggs intended for? | Reference.com

The first is for children age 3 and 4, the second for age 5, the third for ages 6 and 7 and the last for ages 7 to... ... Reading Eggs is for ages 3 to 13. The program is divided into four levels. ... The first is for children age 3 and 4, the second for age 5, the third for ages 6 and 7 and the last for ages 7 to 13. ... What age group are the Education City kids' games designed for?. A: Education City kids' games are designed for children ...
https://reference.com/education/age-group-reading-eggs-intended-e9ea6a9c5f7ecc1

*  Chance to Shine sets sights on older age group

Cricket charity Chance to Shine has set its sights on reaching more secondary school age children after celebrating the ... Chance to Shine sets sights on older age group Published: 09 May 2013 ... Cricket charity Chance to Shine has set its sights on reaching more secondary school age children after celebrating the ...
https://lords.org/news/2013/may/chance-to-shine-sets-sights-on-older-age-group/

*  Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group) | Data

... of relevant age group) from The World Bank: Data ... Primary completion rate, total (% of relevant age group). ...
https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SE.PRM.CMPT.ZS?page=2&display=default

*  This Women's Age Group Is The Most Likely To Cheat | AOL.com

This Women's Age Group Is The Most Likely To Cheat. A recently released study suggests that women are most likely to cheat when ...
https://aol.com/video/view/this-womens-age-group-is-the-most-likely-to-cheat/517972204/

*  WHO | Measuring health inequalities between genders and age groups with realization of potential life years (RePLY)

... and does not return to the neonate-level until age 60. In the 1-5 age group those who die have realized, on average, less than ... This age group has substantially different weighted and unweighted index averages too, indicating that the degree of gender ... The number of unavoidable deaths in a given age-sex group is not directly observable but can be estimated by multiplying the ... Measuring health inequalities between genders and age groups with realization of potential life years (RePLY). Kam Ki Tang a, ...
who.int/bulletin/volumes/85/9/06-037382/en/

*  2014 USA Diving Age Group and Junior Nationals - Swimming World News

2014 USA Diving Age Group and Junior Nationals. KNOXVILLE, TN - August 5, 2014: Synchro Thatcher/Windle during the 2014 USA ... On What Level Should Regulations On Age Group Technical Swimsuits Take Place? ... Diving Age Group and Junior National Event at Allan Jones Aquatic Center in Knoxville, TN. Photo By Matthew S. DeMaria ...
https://swimmingworldmagazine.com/news/2014-usa-diving-age-group-and-junior-nationals-76/

*  Sensor And Insulin Pump Results In Better Blood-sugar Control In All Age Groups With Diabetes - Redorbit

Sensor And Insulin Pump Results In Better Blood-sugar Control In All Age Groups With Diabetes. by Sam Savage ... in the group using sensors and insulin pumps, compared to 8.3% to 8.1% in the multiple daily injection group, at one year. The ... or less was greater in the pump-therapy group than in the injection-therapy group. Adults with diabetes try and maintain A1c ... The 485 study participants with inadequately controlled type 1 diabetes ranged in ages from seven to 70, and were treated for ...
redorbit.com/news/health/1886703/sensor_and_insulin_pump_results_in_better_bloodsugar_control_in/

*  Appendix A: The Labor Force and Population by Sex and Age Group, Decennial Enumerations

... Clarence D. Long. Chapter in NBER book ... Working Groups. Research Disclosure Policy. Employment and Fellowships. Sitemap. Links to other Resources. Search ... The Labor Force and Earnings or Income in Different Cities, States, Nations, and Income Groups at a Given Time. ...
nber.org/chapters/c2629

*  Nielsen-Traditional-TV-Viewing-Trends-by-Age-Group-in-Q1-2017-Jul2017 - Marketing Charts

Error: Please enter a valid email address. Error: Invalid email. Error: Please enter your first name. Error: Please enter your last name. Error: Please enter a username. Error: Please enter a password. Error: Please confirm your password. Error: Password and password confirmation do not match. ...
marketingcharts.com/featured-24817/attachment/nielsen-traditional-tv-viewing-trends-by-age-group-in-q1-2017-jul2017

*  Crohn's disease in the over-60 age group: a population based study.

Age Factors. Age of Onset. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Crohn Disease / complications, epidemiology*, pathology, therapy. ... CONCLUSIONS: In Brittany, the age specific incidence, clinical features, and prognosis of CD among the elderly are comparable ...
biomedsearch.com/nih/Crohns-disease-in-over-60/15201578.html

*  Haemophilus influenzae: laboratory reports by age group and serotype 2017 - GOV.UK

Laboratory reports of Haemophilus influenzae by age group and serotype: England and Wales, January to March 2017. Ref: HPR 11( ... Reports for 2014 are available at Haemophilus influenzae: laboratory reports by age group and serotype 2014 For earlier reports ...
https://gov.uk/government/publications/haemophilus-influenzae-laboratory-reports-by-age-group-and-serotype-2017

*  Very Low Birth Weight by Maternal Age Group | Zanran

Proportion of Low Birth Weight in Maternal Age Group, MC, AZ 1998, Low Birth Weight Births and Rate by Maternal Age Group, ... Alberta, 2002 to 2004 Combined, Very Low Birth Weight (,1500g) by Maternal Age Group Washington State, 2000-2006... ... statistics on Very Low Birth Weight by Maternal Age Group: ... age group includes females 40-49 years of age. Low birth weight ... bwt smokers bwt age age age Using S-tools conduct a separate simple linear regression analysis for each smoking exposure group. ...
zanran.com/q/Very_Low_Birth_Weight_by_Maternal_Age_Group

*  Imaging and therapeutic approach of hemangiomas and vascular malformations in the pediatric age group.

... ...
https://omicsonline.org/references/imaging-and-therapeutic-approach-of-hemangiomas-and-vascular-malformations-in-the-pediatric-age-group-1158733.html

*  US Population Mortality Rate Study - Variation by Age Group, Cause of Death and Region from 2000‐2015 | SOA

... similarities in mortality by age group, time, cause of death and region to aid in understanding of future expected mortality ... US Population Mortality Rate Study - Variation by Age Group, Cause of Death and Region from 2000‐2015. May 2017 ... The purpose of the research is to produce an overview of the differences and similarities in mortality by age group, time, ... US Population Mortality Rate Study - Variation by Age Group, Cause of Death and Region from 2000‐2015 - revised 5/18/17 ...
https://soa.org/research-reports/2017/2017-us-pop-mort-age-cod-region/

*  Search of: neoplasms [CONDITION] AND child [AGE-GROUP] | Recruiting, Not yet recruiting, Available Studies - Search Details -...

neoplasms [CONDITION] AND child [AGE-GROUP] , Recruiting, Not yet recruiting, Available Studies ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results/details?term=neoplasms [CONDITION] AND child [AGE-GROUP]&recr=Open

*  CANSIM - 102-0561 - Leading causes of death, total population, by age group and sex, Canada

"Age at the time of death, all ages" category but not distributed among age groups. ... The age-specific mortality rate represents the number of deaths in a particular age group during a given year per 100,000 ... Age at time of death 6 = Age at time of death, all ages 7, 8 Sex 10 = Both sexes. ... The totals (all causes of death) by age group and/ or sex presented in this table may not reflect those given in CANSIM tables ...
www5.statcan.gc.ca/cansim/a26?lang=eng&retrLang=eng&id=1020561&paSer=&pattern=&stByVal=1&p1=1&p2=49&tabMode=dataTable&csid=

*  POPULATION BY ETHNIC NATIONALITY, SEX, AGE GROUP AND PLACE OF RESIDENCE, 31 DECEMBER 2011

Age group Place of residence Sex Ethnic nationality Total:22. Selected: Total:163. Selected: Total:3. Selected: Total:15. ... PC0429: POPULATION BY ETHNIC NATIONALITY, SEX, AGE GROUP AND PLACE OF RESIDENCE, 31 DECEMBER 2011 ...
pub.stat.ee/px-web.2001/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=PC0429&ti=POPULATION BY ETHNIC NATIONALITY, SEX, AGE GROUP AND PLACE OF RESIDENCE, 31 DECEMBER 2011&path=../I_Databas/Population_census/PHC2011/01Demographic_and_ethno_cultural_characteristics/04Ethnic_nationality_Languages_Dialects/&lang=1

*  POPULATION BY COMMAND OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES, SEX, AGE GROUP AND PLACE OF RESIDENCE, 31 DECEMBER 2011

Age group Place of residence Sex Command of foreign languages Total:22. Selected: Total:163. Selected: Total:3. Selected: Total ... PC0439: POPULATION BY COMMAND OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES, SEX, AGE GROUP AND PLACE OF RESIDENCE, 31 DECEMBER 2011 ...
pub.stat.ee/px-web.2001/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=PC0439&ti=POPULATION BY COMMAND OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES, SEX, AGE GROUP AND PLACE OF RESIDENCE, 31 DECEMBER 2011&path=../I_Databas/Population_census/PHC2011/01Demographic_and_ethno_cultural_characteristics/04Ethnic_nationality_Languages_Dialects/&lang=1

*  Rib fractures - management in all age groups.

... div.wpmrec2x{max-width:610px;} div.wpmrec2x div.u > div{float:left;margin-right: ...
https://emergencymedicinebythesea.org/2017/05/15/rib-fractures-management-in-all-age-groups/

Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Incidence (epidemiology): Incidence is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time. Although sometimes loosely expressed simply as the number of new cases during some time period, it is better expressed as a proportion or a rate with a denominator.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical UniversityFour Seasons Baltimore and Residences: Four Seasons Hotel Baltimore is currently a 22 story highrise hotel complex building which opened on November 14, 2011. The building's construction began back in 2007 and went through several changes.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Mortality rate: Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time. Mortality rate is typically expressed in units of deaths per 1,000 individuals per year; thus, a mortality rate of 9.Seroprevalence: Seroprevalence is the number of persons in a population who test positive for a specific disease based on serology (blood serum) specimens; often presented as a percent of the total specimens tested or as a proportion per 100,000 persons tested. As positively identifying the occurrence of disease is usually based upon the presence of antibodies for that disease (especially with viral infections such as Herpes Simplex and HIV), this number is not significant if the specificity of the antibody is low.Proportional reporting ratio: The proportional reporting ratio (PRR) is a statistic that is used to summarize the extent to which a particular adverse event is reported for individuals taking a specific drug, compared to the frequency at which the same adverse event is reported for patients taking some other drug (or who are taking any drug in a specified class of drugs). The PRR will typically be calculated using a surveillance database in which reports of adverse events from a variety of drugs are recorded.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingDisease registry: Disease or patient registries are collections of secondary data related to patients with a specific diagnosis, condition, or procedure, and they play an important role in post marketing surveillance of pharmaceuticals. Registries are different from indexes in that they contain more extensive data.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Red Moss, Greater Manchester: Red Moss is a wetland mossland in Greater Manchester, located south of Horwich and east of Blackrod. (Grid Reference ).University of CampinasClimate change in Sweden: The issue of climate change has received significant public and political attention in Sweden and the mitigation of its effects has been high on the agenda of the two latest Governments of Sweden, the previous Cabinet of Göran Persson (-2006) and the current Cabinet of Fredrik Reinfeldt (2006-). Sweden aims for an energy supply system with zero net atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.Niigata UniversityKocaeli University: The University of Kocaeli (KOU) is a state university in Kocaeli, Turkey. It was founded as the Academy of Engineering and Architecture of Kocaeli in 1976.North Wales Narrow Gauge RailwaysInfluenza A virus subtype H1N1: Influenza A (H1N1) virus is the subtype of influenza A virus that was the most common cause of human influenza (flu) in 2009, and is associated with the 1918 outbreak known as the Spanish Flu.Fernando Montes de Oca Fencing Hall: The Fernando Montes de Oca Fencing Hall is an indoor sports venue located in the Magdalena Mixhuca Sports City area of Mexico City. It hosted the fencing competitions and the fencing part of the modern pentathlon competition of the 1968 Summer Olympics.Teenage suicide in the United States: Teenage suicide in the United States remains comparatively high in the 15 to 24 age group with 10,000 suicides in this age range in 2004, making it the third leading cause of death for those aged 15 to 24. By comparison, suicide is the 11th leading cause of death for all those age 10 and over, with 33,289 suicides for all US citizens in 2006.Regression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.Cancer screeningList of U.S. states by life expectancy: This article presents a list of United States states sorted by their life expectancy at birth and by race/ethnicity in every state where the population of that racial or ethnic group is sufficiently large for robust estimates. The data is taken from the Measure of America's third national human development report, The Measure of America 2013–2014 width="25%" align="center" |Hospital of Southern Norway: [[Sørlandet Hospital Arendal, seen from the north.|thumb|200px]]National Center for Injury Prevention and Control: The U.S.Nigerian Ports Authority: The Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA) is a federal government agency that governs and operates the ports of Nigeria. The major ports controlled by the NPA include: the Lagos Port Complex and Tin Can Island Port in Lagos; Calabar Port, Delta Port, Rivers Port at Port Harcourt, and Onne Port.National Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.VaccinationBaden, Lower Saxony: Baden is a town near Bremen, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is known to Africanists and Phoneticians as the place where Diedrich Hermann Westermann was born and died.ISO 39001: The ISO 39001 "Road Traffic Safety Management" is an ISO standard for a management system (similar to ISO 9000) for road traffic safety. The implementation of the standard is supposed to put the organizations, that provide the system "road traffic", into the position to improve the traffic safety and to reduce by that the number of persons killed or severely injured in road traffic.List of lighthouses in Spain: This is a list of lighthouses in Spain.Dundee Royal Infirmary: Dundee Royal Infirmary, often shortened to DRI, was a major teaching hospital in Dundee, Scotland. Until the opening of Ninewells Hospital in 1974, Dundee Royal Infirmary was Dundee’s main hospital.Australia–Finland relations: Australia–Finland relations are foreign relations between the Australia and Finland. Diplomatic relations were established on 31 May 1949.Prenatal nutrition: Nutrition and weight management before and during :pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants. This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for optimal growth and health outcome later in life.List of universities in Iran: This is a list of universities in Iran.Layout of the Port of Tianjin: The Port of Tianjin is divided into nine areas: the three core (“Tianjin Xingang”) areas of Beijiang, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway; the Haihe area along the river; the Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary; the Dagukou port area in the estuary of the Haihe River; and three areas under construction (Hanggu, Gaoshaling, Nangang).Canadian Organ Replacement Registry: The Canadian Organ Replacement Registry CORR is a health organisation was started by Canadian nephrologists and kidney transplant surgeons in 1985 in order to develop the care of patients with renal failure. In the early 1990s data on liver and heart transplantation were added to the registry.National Outbreak Reporting System: ==The National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS)==Yamtuan Besar: Yamtuan Besar, also known as Yang di-Pertuan Besar, is the royal title of the ruler of the Malaysian state of Negeri Sembilan. The ruler of Negeri Sembilan is selected by a council of ruling chiefs in the state, or the datuk-datuk undang.Morbidity and mortality conference: Morbidity and mortality}}Global Risks Report: The Global Risks Report is an annual study published by the World Economic Forum ahead of the Forum’s Annual Meeting in Davos, Switzerland. Based on the work of the Global Risk Network, the report describes changes occurring in the global risks landscape from year to year and identifies the global risks that could play a critical role in the upcoming year.List of film accidents: This is intended to be a list of notable accidents which occurred during the shooting of films and television, such as cast or crew fatalities or serious accidents which plagued production. It is not intended to be a list of every minor injury an actor or stuntman suffered during filming.Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Netherlands national rollball team: Vishwaraj JadejaEpidemiological method: The science of epidemiology has matured significantly from the times of Hippocrates and John Snow. The techniques for gathering and analyzing epidemiological data vary depending on the type of disease being monitored but each study will have overarching similarities.Dental cariesRelative index of inequality: The relative index of inequality (RII) is a regression-based index which summarizes the magnitude of socio-economic status (SES) as a source of inequalities in health. RII is useful because it takes into account the size of the population and the relative disadvantage experienced by different groups.Cancer survival rates: Cancer survival rates vary by the type of cancer, stage at diagnosis, treatment given and many other factors, including country. In general survival rates are improving, although more so for some cancers than others.Australian National BL classRafat Hussain: Rafat Hussain اردو: ڈاکٹر رفعت حسین is an Associate Professor in Health Management and Deputy Head of the School of Rural Medicine at the University of New England in Armidale, New South Wales, Australia.Nested case-control study: A nested case control (NCC) study is a variation of a case-control study in which only a subset of controls from the cohort are compared to the incident cases. In a case-cohort study, all incident cases in the cohort are compared to a random subset of participants who do not develop the disease of interest.Estonia (race car)National Taiwan University Hospital: The National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH; ) started operations under Japanese rule in Daitōtei (today's Dadaocheng) on June 18, 1895, and moved to its present location in 1898. The Hospital was later annexed to the Medical School of Taihoku Imperial University and renamed Taihoku Imperial University Medical School Affiliated Hospital in 1937.Flu season: Flu season is an annually recurring time period characterized by the prevalence of outbreaks of influenza (flu). The season occurs during the cold half of the year in each hemisphere.Qatar Petroleum: US$ 51.6 billion (2011)Generalizability theory: Generalizability theory, or G Theory, is a statistical framework for conceptualizing, investigating, and designing reliable observations. It is used to determine the reliability (i.