Adult Children: Children who have reached maturity or the legal age of majority.Intergenerational Relations: The interactions between individuals of different generations. These interactions include communication, caring, accountability, loyalty, and even conflict between related or non-related individuals.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Caregivers: Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Mother-Child Relations: Interaction between a mother and child.Child of Impaired Parents: Child with one or more parents afflicted by a physical or mental disorder.Family Relations: Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.Spouses: Married persons, i.e., husbands and wives, or partners. Domestic partners, or spousal equivalents, are two adults who have chosen to share their lives in an intimate and committed relationship, reside together, and share a mutual obligation of support for the basic necessities of life.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Personal Satisfaction: The individual's experience of a sense of fulfillment of a need or want and the quality or state of being satisfied.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Child Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.Disabled Children: Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Child Rearing: The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.

*  BBB Business Profile | Family Dentistry Children and Adult

This company offers dentistry services for children and adults. Licensing, Bonding or Registration This business is in an ... Family Dentistry Children and Adult. 40 years in business. 717 NE 36th St.. Oklahoma City, OK 73154 ...

*  Young Adult Nonfiction - Children

You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. ...

*  Understanding That Children Need Adults - latimes

Those of us at home and in PTA wonder why the world out there doesn't understand that children need adults. ... When children are involved, one can run but never get away.. "New Minority Mom" could have been titled "New Minority Family." ... With grown children back at home, the nest feels crowded. August 11, 2012 ... Thank you for some positive stroking to a model that shows concern for the way children grow up. ...

*  Kids/Young Adults Page

Air Quality , Other Air Quality Page Links , Young Adults Page - Just For Kids ... United States Environmental Protection Agency Kids Page. Did you like this site? What did you like about it? What didn't you ...

*  Children's & Young Adult Fiction Ebooks

Young Adult Fiction ebooks for your eReader at great prices. ... Children's & Young Adult Fiction. Children's & Young Adult ... Random House Children's Books 2011; US$ 6.99. For fans of Hatchet and Island of the Blue Dolphins comes Theodore Taylor's ...

*  Boundaries for Adult Children - Book Review - Christian Living

Boundaries for Adult Children - Book Review - Christian Living at BellaOnline ... Setting Boundaries with Your Adult Children - Six Steps to Hope and Healing for Struggling Parents by Allison Bottke is a book ... Boundaries for Adult Children - Book Review. We all want our children to grow into happy, responsible adults. Unfortunately, ... This isn't a book about drug-proofing your kids or a how-to manual about making rebellious kids behave. It is for any parent ...

*  Are Adult Diets OK for Kids, Too?

But it's not a good idea to put kids on diets that are designed for adults. ... Kids have different nutritional needs and they should eat a variety of healthy foods. A well-balanced diet that includes ... Making good nutrition and regular exercise the norm in your household will help your kids adopt those healthy habits for life. ...

*  Keep adult entertainment from kids | Deseret News

... adult-rated entertainment from their kids. There's a bill now in the Utah Legislature to do just that. ... The bill simply states: If you promise the public you don't sell adult-rated entertainment to kids, then you had better be ... Help is on the way for Utah parents to keep violent, pornographic, adult-rated entertainment from their kids. There's a bill ... In retail stores, the FTC in 2008 found R-rated movies were sold to underage kids at a dizzying pace: Kmart, 47 percent of the ...

*  Spanking Kids Leads to Adult Mental Illnesses - ABC News

Adults who reported such punishments in their childhood had a greater risk of mood disorders, anxiety disorders, alcohol and ... The link between child abuse - both physical and sexual - and mental disorders in adulthood has long been established, the ... In interviews, participants were asked: "As a child how often were you ever pushed, grabbed, shoved, slapped or hit by your ... Up to 7 percent of some adult disorders can be attributed to "harsh physical punishment" in childhood, Afifi and colleagues ...

*  2 adults, 2 children missing off N. Calif. coast

AP) - The Coast Guard was searching with vessels and aircraft Monday for four family members, including two children under 8, ... Are Nicole Kidman's Scientologist children forbidden to speak to her? Emmys speech leads to speculation. 1,075 reactions4%71%25 ... AP) - The Coast Guard was searching with vessels and aircraft Monday for four family members, including two children under 8, ...

*  Boomerang Kids, Adult Children Living at Home, Prime Time Focus - AARP Everyw...

Many adult children move back in with their parents when they can't find a job. Alyne Ellis talks with AARP financial educator Jon Dauphine about how to handle the money issues.

*  Funding an adult child can sap your retirement - tribunedigital-chicagotribune

The math is simple but the emotional calculations are not. Every dime spent helping adult children is a dime less for retirement.But kids seem to be staying kids longer, the job market is brutal,

*  Help, my Mommy is a Psychopath!

How to spot a toxic mother, Mommy Dearest, or their child. Adult Children of toxic mothers suffer enormously throughout life with poor role models as parents.

*  As I See It Now: August 2005

I have no idea what the title of this book was, but on one of its pages were words similar to these: By the time our children turn 12 years old, they pretty much know what we believe about most things because we've pretty much told them what we believe over and over and over. When our children reach the years 18 - 21, we need to give them their God-given freedom. It's a freedom which is rightfully theirs, a freedom we all need in order to become what God intended us to be. If that freedom is not extended to our adult children, then we are holding them back from becoming who God created them to be. We had freedoms at that age and our kids must be given those freedoms, too. If we refuse, there will be rebellion and a breakdown in the relationship-- and the fault will lie with us, as parents ...

*  This nest is feathered with cash | Financial Post

Paying the bills for your adult children can put a dent in your own retirement savings, author says, suggesting families have a written plan about what is expected

Parent structure: In IUPAC nomenclature, a parent structure, parent compound, parent name or simply parent is the denotation for a compound consisting of an unbranched chain of skeletal atoms (not necessarily carbon), or consisting of an unsubstituted monocyclic or polycyclic ring system.Fasting, Feasting: Fasting, Feasting is a novel by Indian writer Anita Desai, first published in 1999 in Great Britain by Chatto and Windus. It was shortlisted for the Booker Prize for fiction in 1999.Laureen Harper: borderMothers TalkPositivity offset: Positivity offset is a psychological term referring to two phenomena: People tend to interpret neutral situations as mildly positive, and most people rate their lives as good, most of the time. The positivity offset stands in notable asymmetry to the negativity bias.Avoidance coping: In psychology, avoidance coping, escape coping, or cope and avoid is a maladaptive coping mechanism characterized by the effort to avoid dealing with a stressor. Coping refers to behaviors that attempt to protect oneself from psychological damage.Stressor: A stressor is a chemical or biological agent, environmental condition, external stimulus or an event that causes stress to an organism.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.

(1/200) Ancient Chinese medical ethics and the four principles of biomedical ethics.

The four principles approach to biomedical ethics (4PBE) has, since the 1970s, been increasingly developed as a universal bioethics method. Despite its wide acceptance and popularity, the 4PBE has received many challenges to its cross-cultural plausibility. This paper first specifies the principles and characteristics of ancient Chinese medical ethics (ACME), then makes a comparison between ACME and the 4PBE with a view to testing out the 4PBE's cross-cultural plausibility when applied to one particular but very extensive and prominent cultural context. The result shows that the concepts of respect for autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence and justice are clearly identifiable in ACME. Yet, being influenced by certain socio-cultural factors, those applying the 4PBE in Chinese society may tend to adopt a "beneficence-oriented", rather than an "autonomy-oriented" approach, which, in general, is dissimilar to the practice of contemporary Western bioethics, where "autonomy often triumphs".  (+info)

(2/200) To give or sell human gametes--the interplay between pragmatics, policy and ethics.

The ever-growing acceptance and use of assisted human reproduction techniques has caused demand for "donated" sperm and eggs to outstrip supply. Medical professionals and others argue that monetary reward is the only way to recruit sufficient numbers of "donors". Is this a clash between pragmatics and policy/ethics? Where monetary payments are the norm, alternative recruitment strategies used successfully elsewhere may not have been considered, nor the negative consequences of commercialism on all participants thought through. Considerations leading some countries to ban the buying and selling of sperm, eggs and embryos are outlined and a case made that the collective welfare of all involved parties be the primary consideration in this, at times heated, debate.  (+info)

(3/200) Contribution of APOA5 gene variants to plasma triglyceride determination and to the response to both fat and glucose tolerance challenges.

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of APOA5 variants on fasting lipids and to the response to both an oral fat tolerance test (OFTT) and an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The association of two APOA5 SNPs [S19W (SNP5), -1131T>C (SNP3)] and an APOA4/A5 intergenic SNP [-12238T>C (SNP4)] were examined in healthy young men (n=774) who had undergone both an OFTT and an OGTT. Both -1131T>C and S19W rare alleles were associated with triglyceride (TG)-raising effects (11%, P=0.008; 21% (in cases), P<0.026, respectively) and showed additive effects on TG. None of the variants influenced the responsiveness to the OFTT after correcting for baseline TG. Homozygosity for the -12238T>C rare allele was associated with higher waist to hip ratio (P<0.0006), systolic blood pressure (P=0.012) and AUC and peak of insulin after OGTT (P=0.003 and P=0.027, respectively), traits that define the metabolic syndrome. Our results strongly support the role of APOA5 in determining plasma TG levels in an age-independent manner and highlight the importance of the APOC3/A4/A5 gene cluster in both TG and metabolic homeostasis.  (+info)

(4/200) Maternal lung cancer and testicular cancer risk in the offspring.

It has been hypothesized that smoking during pregnancy could increase the offspring's risk for testicular cancer. This hypothesis is indirectly supported by both ecological studies and studies of cancer aggregations within families. However, results from analytical epidemiological studies are not consistent, possibly due to methodological difficulties. To further study the association between smoking during pregnancy and testicular cancer, we did a population-based cohort study on cancer risk among offspring of women diagnosed with lung cancer. Through the use of the Swedish Cancer Register and the Swedish Second-Generation Register, we identified 8,430 women who developed lung cancer between 1958 and 1997 and delivered sons between 1941 and 1979. Cancer cases among the male offspring were then identified through the Swedish Cancer Register. Standardized incidence ratios were computed, using 95% confidence intervals. We identified 12,592 male offspring of mothers with a subsequent diagnosis of lung cancer, and there were 40 cases of testicular cancer (standardized incidence ratio, 1.90; 95% confidence interval, 1.35-2.58). The association was independent of maternal lung cancer subtype, and the risk of testicular cancer increased stepwise with decreasing time interval between birth and maternal lung cancer diagnosis. Our results support the hypothesis that exposure to cigarette smoking in utero increases the risk of testicular cancer.  (+info)

(5/200) Continuity of care from a patient's point of view: context, process, relation.

BACKGROUND: It is easy to forget about the real human experience when faced with the pressure of output measurement, organizational change, and large-scale statistical studies. This article takes a different perspective and provides a glimpse into one man's life to show the many relationships that can be involved when someone is ill. METHODS: The information in this paper is based on interviews with multiple individuals involved in the care of one patient. The theoretical framework is narrative--it takes discourse as its material base--and introduces the concept of the "signifier" to organize the data. RESULTS: The interview results demonstrate the theoretical strength of the signifier concept and reveal the process and context of the work of three particular physicians and the nature of the relations they were able to establish with this one patient and his son. CONCLUSIONS: This way of conceptionalizing the process of care from the patient's point of view enables us to reflect on the changing nature of continuity of care as a core value for family physicians  (+info)

(6/200) Genetic Analysis Workshop 13: simulated longitudinal data on families for a system of oligogenic traits.

The Genetic Analysis Workshop 13 simulated data aimed to mimic the major features of the real Framingham Heart Study data that formed Problem 1, but under a known inheritance model and with 100 replicates, so as to allow evaluation of the statistical properties of various methods. The pedigrees used were the 330 real pedigree structures (comprising 4692 individuals) with some minor changes to protect confidentiality. Fifty trait genes and 399 microsatellite markers were simulated by gene dropping on 22 autosomal chromosomes. Assuming random ascertainment of families, a system of eight longitudinal quantitative traits (designed to be similar to those in the real data) was generated with a wide range of heritabilities, including some pleiotropic and interactive effects. Genes could affect either the baseline level or the rate of change of the phenotype. Hypertension diagnosis and treatment were simulated with treatment availability, compliance, and efficacy depending on calendar year. Nongenetic traits of smoking and alcohol were generated as covariates for other traits. Death was simulated as a hazard rate depending upon age, sex, smoking, cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure. After the complete data were simulated, missing data indicators were generated based on logistic models fitted to the real data, involving the subject's history of previous missing values, together with that of their spouses, parents, siblings, and offspring, as well as marital status, only-child indicators, current value at certain simulated traits, and the data collection pattern on the cohort into which each subject was ascertained.  (+info)

(7/200) Variance components linkage analysis for adjusted systolic blood pressure in the Framingham Heart Study.

We performed variance components linkage analysis in nuclear families from the Framingham Heart Study on nine phenotypes derived from systolic blood pressure (SBP). The phenotypes were the maximum and mean SBP, and SBP at age 40, each analyzed either uncorrected, or corrected using two subsets of epidemiological/clinical factors. Evidence for linkage to chromosome 8p was detected with all phenotypes except the uncorrected maximum SBP, suggesting this region harbors a gene contributing to variation in SBP.  (+info)

(8/200) Use of a random coefficient regression (RCR) model to estimate growth parameters.

We used a random coefficient regression (RCR) model to estimate growth parameters for the time series of observed serum glucose levels in the Replicate 1 of the Genetic Analysis Workshop 13 simulated data. For comparison, a two time-point interval was also selected and the slope between these two observations was calculated. This process yielded four phenotypes: the RCR growth phenotype, a two time-point slope phenotype, and Time 1 and Time 2 serum glucose level phenotypes. These four phenotypes were used for linkage analyses on simulated chromosomes 5, 7, 9, and 21, those chromosomes that contained loci affecting the growth course for serum glucose levels. The linkage analysis of the RCR-derived phenotype showed overwhelming evidence for linkage at one locus (LOD 65.78 on chromosome 5), while showing elevated but nonsignificant LOD scores for two other loci (LOD 1.25 on chromosome 7, LOD 1.10 on chromosome 9), and no evidence of linkage for the final locus. The two time-point slope phenotype showed evidence for linkage at one locus (LOD 4.16 on chromosome 5) but no evidence for linkage at any of the other loci. A parallel cross-sectional approach, using as input phenotypes the endpoints of the two-point slope phenotype, gave strong linkage results for the major locus on chromosome 5 (maximal LOD scores of 17.90 and 27.24 for Time 1 and Time 2, respectively) while showing elevated but nonsignificant linkage results on chromosome 7 (maximal LOD scores of 1.71 and 1.48) and no evidence for linkage at the two remaining loci. The RCR growth parameter showed more power to detect linkage to the major locus than either the cross-sectional or two-point slope approach, but the cross-sectional approach gave a higher maximal LOD score for one of the minor loci.  (+info)


  • The link between child abuse - both physical and sexual - and mental disorders in adulthood has long been established, the researchers noted. (
  • With advances in antiretroviral therapy, most HIV-infected children survive into adulthood. (


  • Compare the risk of harm from pharmacologic interventions in pediatric versus adult randomized controlled trials (RCTs). (
  • Systematic reviews with quantitative synthesis from at least 1 adult and 1 pediatric RCT for any of those end points were eligible. (
  • We identified 176 meta-analyses for 52 types of harms/harm-related end points with 669 adult and 184 pediatric RCTs. (
  • There is also evidence that adverse drug reactions can lead more often to hospital admissions in children than in adults, 7 and certain pediatric populations may be at even higher risk for hospitalization. (
  • 8 , 9 Pediatric use of drugs often depends on adult efficacy data because of the limited amount of data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in children. (
  • We set out to perform a large-scale empirical evaluation, across diverse topics, of the relative risk of harms and related outcomes between adults and children by focusing on outcomes reported in meta-analyses of pediatric and adult RCTs. (
  • We perused a sample of 106 systematic reviews previously identified in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) 10 as part of an empirical evaluation comparing primary effectiveness outcomes in pediatric versus adult RCTs. (
  • Optimal health care for these youth includes a formal plan for the transition of care from primary and/or subspecialty pediatric/adolescent/family medicine health care providers (medical home) to adult health care provider(s). (
  • Successful transition involves the early engagement and participation of the youth and his or her family with the pediatric medical home and adult health care teams in developing a formal plan. (


  • Setting Boundaries with Your Adult Children - Six Steps to Hope and Healing for Struggling Parents by Allison Bottke begins with the heart-wrenching story of her own entanglement in the life of her adult son. (
  • Stop babying and moddycoddling our children and let them have baby steps regarding making decisions. (


  • Help is on the way for Utah parents to keep violent, pornographic, adult-rated entertainment from their kids. (
  • ESA wants to make sure entertainment retailers can continue to go behind parents' backs and get at kids. (
  • In interviews, participants were asked: "As a child how often were you ever pushed, grabbed, shoved, slapped or hit by your parents or any adult living in your house? (
  • There are parents of near adult children who actually decide what college/university their children should attend. (
  • They believe that as parents, they know what is the best college/university for their children. (
  • Besides that, these same parents also choose the majors of their children? (
  • These so-called well meaning parents believe that their children are not mature and/or experienced enough to choose a marketable major. (
  • I believe that these parents are crippling their children which will adversely affect their college life and beyond. (
  • Don't get me wrong, college is very expensive and most parents pay for most of it but I want my child to be happy in whatever she chooses as a career. (
  • I believe as parents you are there to teach your child, and teach only. (
  • I think one of the biggest mistakes in parenting are parents who insist their child think/act a certain way instead of teaching and showing them how to observe and learn, ask questions, analyze, evaluate, etc. (
  • Parents who believe that their children are extensions of them are in for quite a rude awakening as their children become older and more independent. (
  • Such parents often have the worst relationships with their teenage, young adult, and adult children. (
  • Parents who treat their children as individuals have the warmest and most rewarding relationships. (


  • I staunchly believe that when a person reaches 18-he/she is an adult and should be capable of making adult decisions. (


  • 1 - 3 For most of these harms, it is unknown whether their frequency and profile differs between children and adults. (


  • Thank you for some positive stroking to a model that shows concern for the way children grow up. (
  • We all want our children to grow into happy, responsible adults. (
  • Let your children grow up and go! (



  • MONTEREY, Calif. (AP) - The Coast Guard was searching with vessels and aircraft Monday for four family members, including two children under 8, who reported that they were forced to abandon their sailboat because it was sinking south of San Francisco. (


  • Adults who reported such punishments in their childhood had a greater risk of mood disorders, anxiety disorders, alcohol and drug abuse dependence, and several personality disorders, according to Tracie Afifi, PhD, of the University of Manitoba in Winnipeg, and colleagues. (
  • In 36% of meta-analyses, the ROR estimates suggested twofold or greater differences between children and adults, and the 95% confidence intervals could exclude twofold differences only in 18% of meta-analyses. (
  • In a third of meta-analyses, twofold or greater differences were identified between adults and children, and some clinically important discrepancies were also found. (


  • Unfortunately, despite our best efforts and our prayers, some children never quite become independent. (
  • The findings "provide evidence that harsh physical punishment independent of child maltreatment is related to mental disorders," Afifi and colleagues concluded. (
  • Children should be raised to be independent from an early age. (


  • The second wave of the survey, conducted between 2004 and 2005, included 34,653 adults, 20 or older, and asked about current mental conditions, as well as the past incidence of physical punishments. (


  • This company offers dentistry services for children and adults. (


  • In 2008, the FTC conducted stings on movie theatres and found 35 percent of the time kids under 17 can buy an R-rated movie ticket, no questions asked. (
  • Up to 7 percent of some adult disorders can be attributed to "harsh physical punishment" in childhood, Afifi and colleagues reported online in Pediatrics. (


  • If you have the nagging feeling that instead of helping your adult child, you may be enabling, I think this is an important book for you. (
  • Teach a child how to use his brain instead of trying to mold it or control it. (


  • As the teacher you are there to teach the child how to interact with their surroundings in an appropriate manner, you are to teach them that every action has a reaction so it's wise to think before you act, and you are to teach them that they themselves are responsible for themselves, which means making their own decisions, and taking responsibility for whatever action and reaction they cause. (


  • To our knowledge, there is no large-scale evaluation of evidence comparing rates of adverse events between adults and children. (


  • To try to overcome those limitations, Afifi and colleagues turned to the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, which included a representative sample of civilian, non-institutionalized adults in the U.S. (


  • At the 1999 White House promise-fest, the head of video game lobbyist Entertainment Software Association promised "to close the loophole" that allows kids under 17 to get their hands on mature-rated games via the Internet. (


  • Their teenage, young adult, and adult children want to be close to them. (


  • Assessment of developmental milestones is important to define the readiness of the youth in assuming responsibility for his or her own care before initiating the transfer. (


  • The plan should be introduced to the youth in early adolescence and modified as the youth approaches transition. (


  • This isn't a book about drug-proofing your kids or a how-to manual about making rebellious kids behave. (
  • Her book gives enlightening descriptions of our own enabling behavior whether our adult child is in serious trouble, such as drug addiction or is simply failing to leave the nest. (
  • 6 Children could be more resilient to drug adverse events due to better organ function or more vulnerable due to higher tissue sensitivity. (


  • Extrapolation of evidence from adults to children may be tenuous. (
  • Available evidence on the comparative safety of pharmacologic interventions in adults versus children is inconclusive. (