Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.Sports Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology related to EXERCISE or ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE.Elder Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of adults aged 65 years of age and older.Dental Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of the DENTITION.Digestive System and Oral Physiological Phenomena: Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM and DENTITION as a whole or of any of its parts.Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena: Physiology of the human and animal body, male or female, in the processes and characteristics of REPRODUCTION and the URINARY TRACT.Musculoskeletal and Neural Physiological Phenomena: Properties, and processes of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM and the NERVOUS SYSTEM or their parts.Circulatory and Respiratory Physiological Phenomena: Functional processes and properties characteristic of the BLOOD; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and RESPIRATORY SYSTEM.Integumentary System Physiological Phenomena: The properties and relationships and biological processes that characterize the nature and function of the SKIN and its appendages.Reproductive Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes, factors, properties and characteristics pertaining to REPRODUCTION.Physiological Phenomena: The functions and properties of living organisms, including both the physical and chemical factors and processes, supporting life in single- or multi-cell organisms from their origin through the progression of life.Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutrition of FEMALE during PREGNANCY.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Urinary Tract Physiological Phenomena: Properties, functions, and processes of the URINARY TRACT as a whole or of any of its parts.Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Adolescent Psychology: Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.Musculoskeletal Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.Virus Physiological Phenomena: Biological properties, processes, and activities of VIRUSES.Adolescent Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological changes during ADOLESCENCE, approximately between the age of 13 and 18.Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Digestive System Physiological Phenomena: Properties and processes of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.Adolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Blood Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of the BLOOD.Adolescent Medicine: A branch of medicine pertaining to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases occurring during the period of ADOLESCENCE.Ocular Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the EYE as a whole or of any of its parts.Nervous System Physiological Phenomena: Characteristic properties and processes of the NERVOUS SYSTEM as a whole or with reference to the peripheral or the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Adolescent Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in individuals 13-18 years.Respiratory Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.Cell Physiological Phenomena: Cellular processes, properties, and characteristics.Skin Physiological Phenomena: The functions of the skin in the human and animal body. It includes the pigmentation of the skin.Plant Physiological Phenomena: The physiological processes, properties, and states characteristic of plants.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Bacterial Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of BACTERIA.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.

*  Motivation for eating behaviour in adolescent girls: the body beautiful. - PubMed - NCBI

Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*. *Body Image*. *Body Weight. *Diet, Reducing*. *Feeding and Eating Disorders/ ... For those working in adolescent nutrition it is a reminder that adolescent food choice and intake are subject to many competing ... Their engagement by adolescent girls is high, and in surveys girls identify thin and revealing body images as influential to ... For many adolescents selecting thin-image media is purposive, permitting comparison of themselves with the models or ...

*  School lunch politics : the surprising history of America's favorite welfare program (Livre, 2008) []

... nutritional_physiological_phenomena> # Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name " ... Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena"@en ; ... nutritional_physiological_phenomena> ; # Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. schema:about physiological_phenomena> ; # Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. schema:about

*  Nutrition influences bone development from infancy through toddler years.

Nutritional factors that may contribute to bone accretion in infants and toddlers include maternal nutritional stat ... Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*. Infant, Newborn. Milk, Human. Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*. Nutritional ... Next Document: Factors that affect bone mineral accrual in the adolescent growth spurt.. ... Nutritional factors that may contribute to bone accretion in infants and toddlers include maternal nutritional status during ...

*  Alerting, orienting, and executive attention in older adults.

Elder Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. Nutritional physiology of adults aged 65 years of age and older. ... Executive attention is impaired following sleep loss in school-aged children, adolescents, and adults. Whether naps improve ... The present study examined attentional networks performance in 39 adolescents with dysfunctional personality traits, split into ...

*  Results for: Subject:Vegetables | EthicShare Community

Adolescent;. *Child;. *Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena;. *Food Habits;. *Fruit;. *Humans;. *Mississippi;. *Program ...

*  Ascorbate Bibliography, L-R

Roff, F. S., and Glazebrook, A. J. The Therapeutic Use of Vitamin C in Gingivitis of Adolescents. British Dental Journal 68:4, ... Magoon, C. E. U.S. Food Intake Has More Nutritional Value Than in 1965. United Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Association Monthly ... In Birch, G. C., and Parker, K. J. Vitamin C: Recent Aspects of Its Physiological and Technological Importance. 1974. New York ... Rivers, T. M., Immunological and Serological Phenomena in Poliomyelitis Lecture III, Infantile Paralysis, 1941. ...

*  Blood pressure and age in cross-cultural perspective. - PubMed - NCBI

Nutritional Physiological Phenomena. *Social Change. LinkOut - more resources. Full Text Sources. *Wayne State University Press ...

*  Beauty Forum - How Do the Beatiful Stay Beautiful - Page 46 | Chictopia

Know that all nutritional supplements are not equal and could do you no good without proper absorption. For a society, we're ... Grow and die of cells is really a natural phenomenon. Man has conquered the ways to slow growing old. Anti aging is a layout ... It contains Mucuna Pruriens, which has othe physiological effects in your body. Thereby helping one to attain just what you ... Both, women and men, everywhere count on such revitalizing skin care products to keep them looking adolescent. There are ... and Beauty?page=46

*  Reproductive and Life History Parameters of Wild Female Macaca assamensis

Adolescent exaggeration in female catarrhine Primates. Primates. 1994;35:283-300. doi: 10.1007/BF02382726. [Cross Ref] ... 2000); Homo sapiens: Frisch and McArthur (1974). In line with this, nutritional conditions appear to affect the length of the ... Ostner J, Heistermann M, Schülke O. Dominance, aggression and physiological stress in wild male Assamese macaques (Macaca ... a phenomenon also seen in other primate species with a highly seasonal reproduction, e.g., Macaca sylvanus: Moehle et al. (2005 ...

*  The Big Picture | The New York Academy of Sciences

Neuronal glucose sensing: still a physiological orphan? Cell Metab. 6: 252-254.. Levin BE. 2007. Why some of us get fat and ... In a landmark study in 2003, it was shown that giving a nutritional supplement to female Avy mice induced hypermethylation at ... Although the mechanism by which this occurs is not yet understood, he explained, "it is clearly an epigenetic phenomenon" ... This corresponds to concomitant increases in weight among children and adolescents. His group found that the strongest ...

*  A Stone that Kills two Birds: How Pantothenic Acid Unveils the Mysteries of Acne Vulgaris and Obesity - Lit-Hung Leung. M.D.

The mechanism proposed above may be the reason why two groups of adolescent boys-both with a normal blood level of androgen-may ... They held, contrary to the facts, that nutritional requirements can be met through a well balanced diet, and that dietary ... The consensus is that estrogens at physiological dosage have little effect on sebaceous activity. Doses in excess of this ... With the same principle, it is possible to explain many of the commonly observed phenomena that occur around us. ...

*  Puberty later than early in boys and girls

They are regarded as a physiological phenomenon. Girls may be significant growth of mammary glands (macromastia), and premature ... It is a system of medical, educational influence on adolescents with the aim of instilling in them the certain norms of ... and nutritional reasons. The delay of P.F. observed sometimes to 15-16 years. This is behind the physical and often mental ... Often, especially boys, are developing akromegaliei phenomena (physiological). Perhaps the predominance of male or female. The ...

*  Cereal Article | Cereals | Coronary Artery Disease

Lee VA: The nutritional and physiological impact of cereal products in human nutrition. Mouton. Konner M: The Paleolithic ... Pleehachinda R. et al: Adolescent growth and maturation in zinc-deprived rhesus monkeys. Reinhold JG. Am J Clin Nutr 1993. ... is a relatively recent phenomenon. alkylresorcinols. it has been long recognized that certain gluten peptides derived from ... Dunnigan MG: The role of cereals in the aetiology of nutritional rickets: The lesson of the Irish national nutritional survey ...

*  Chronic Fatigue | Mitochondria | ROS | TNF-α

This phenomenon is characterized by drowsiness, loss of appetite, decreased activity and withdrawal from social interaction and ... Smith LL (2000) Cytokine hypothesis of overtraining: a physiological adaptation to excessive stress? Med Sci Sports Exerc 32: ... Katz BZ, Shiraishi Y, Mears CJ, Binns HJ (2009) Chronic fatigue syndrome after infectious mononucleosis in adolescents. ... Nicolson GL Ellithorpe R (2006) Lipid Replacement and Antioxidant Nutritional Therapy for Restoring Mitochondrial Function and ...

*  October 2013 Abstracts - Diabetes | Life Extension

This phenomenon may serve as an early indicator of disease and contribute to disease susceptibility and progression. ... Obesity and/or lipid are physiological ER stresses that can precipitate b-cell dysfunction. Our recent studies showed that b- ... Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and prediabetes are increasingly observed among children, adolescents and younger adults. The ... are due to the loss of distinct circadian clock genes within a specific tissue versus the disruption of rhythmic physiological ...

*  Principal Investigators, Scientific Researchers | GRAVIDA

David Cameron-Smith is a nutritional biochemist with an interest in molecular responses to food and exercise. Moving to the ... He has long-standing interests in the interactions between the placenta and maternal physiological systems, especially the ... He leads a Gravida Major Project investigating the phenomenon of developmental plasticity in invertebrate model organisms. ... Healthy Start to Life Adolescent Education Project. * Professor Hugh Blair. Institute of Vet, Animal and Biomedical Sciences, ...

*  Hsv 6350 Module I Part 1 Neurobiology Of Trauma Dr. Mark Sloane - English

... adolescents isBad" behavior in children & adolescents is often about faulty & defective brain wiringoften about faulty & ... Interaction with nutritional variablesInteraction with nutritional variables • Socio-economic statusSocio-economic status • ... phenomenon isFight-Flight-Freeze" phenomenon is common & underappreciatedcommon & underappreciated - Hypersensitive / ... Neuroimaging by 3 separate techniques has demonstrated physiological differences in the brains of patients with ADHD Functional ...

*  Depression is inflammatory - WeeksMD

Parikh S, Pollock NK, Bhagatwala J, Guo DH, Gutin B, Zhu H, Dong Y: Adolescent fiber consumption is associated with visceral ... For example, a recent review showed that stress and trauma (first and second hits), nutritional factors and vitamin D may play ... Pedersen BK, Fischer CP: Physiological roles of muscle-derived interleukin-6 in response to exercise. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab ... Sleep is one of the most widely observed phenomena in multi-cellular organisms [191] and is recognized to play a vital ...

*  Nutrients | Free Full-Text | Immunometabolism in Obese Asthmatics: Are We There Yet? | HTML

Obesity has huge psychosocial impact with obese children and adolescents facing discrimination and stigmatization in many areas ... In adolescents, a cross-sectional multicentre study (AVENA), designed to evaluate the nutritional status of adolescents, ... Medzhitov, R. Origin and physiological roles of inflammation. Nature 2008, 454, 428-435. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef] ... this phenomenon of macrophage polarisation has extended effects on iron [85], lipid [86], glucose [87] and aminoacid metabolism ...

*  Books by Subject - Lane Medical Library - Stanford University School of Medicine

The Heart and Circulation: An Integrative Model offers a paradigm shift in the understanding of circulatory phenomena. It will ... Moss and Adams' Heart disease in infants, children, and adolescents : including the fetus and young adult. Ninth edition. [9th ... Nutritional and lifestyle factors and high-density lipoprotein metabolism -- Effects of ethanol intake on high density ... Physiological Modulation / Giovanna Catalano, Maryse Guerin -- Chapter 5. Serum Paraoxonase (PON1) and its Interactions with ...

*  Print - Biology-Online

The nutritional and repair problems of articular cartilage are magnified in the intervertebral discs, which in the lumbar spine ... Second, it participates in a phenomenon termed "delayed aggregation", as newly secreted aggrecan has little ability to interact ... Variations in the sedimentation profile of aggregates with degree of physiological stress. Connect Tissue Res 26: 231- 246. ... Human aggrecan keratan sulfate undergoes structural changes during adolescent development. J Biol Chem 273: 26408-26414. ...

*  3ème Symposium Nutrition et Neurosciences - Neurosciences - FBN

Title: Nutritional epigenetics. Abstract:. The etiology of obesity is multifactorial, involving complex interactions among the ... There has been a dramatic escalation in sugar intake in the last few decades, most strikingly observed in the adolescent ... which has been the most extensively studied phenomenon, to finish by appetitive learning. First, I will describe the peculiar ... an alternative strategy could be to negatively modulate NMDA-R functioning without blocking their physiological activity. Since ...

*  growth | biology |

A deficiency of growth hormone in pre-adolescents results in dwarfism, and oversupply of the hormone (often caused by a tumour ... Chemical factors of importance in the environment include the gases in the atmosphere and the water, mineral, and nutritional ... This phenomenon of apparent despecialization has been a topic of great theoretical interest: are rapid growth and ... causes the organism no physiological difficulty. Many organisms possess the ability to regrow, or regenerate, with varying ...

*  Full text of "Oakwood Bulletin"

PH 311 . ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM 4 In this course the theory of electric and magnetic phenomena is studied. The following are ... PLANT ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY 4 A study of the anatomical nature and the physiological processes of plants during ontogeny, ... The course aims to aid prospective teachers in gaining a better understanding of children and adolescents through case studies ... 4 lectures; 1 lab.) CH 31 1 . NUTRITIONAL BIOCHEMISTRY 4 A survey of the biochemical basis of nutrition. It includes ...

*  Chronic Abdominal Pain - Adolescent Health Care: A Practical Guide

... adolescents in a variety of institutional settings, and adolescents served in school-based clinics. ... Adolescent Health Care: A Practical Guide - to include the health issues among college students, young adults with chronic ... Physiological phenomena such as postprandial gastric/intestinal distension, intestinal gas, or GI reflux ... and nutritional deficiencies. However, 70% to 80% of individuals have silent disease and may only manifest the disease through ...

(1/185) Supplementation with iron and folic acid enhances growth in adolescent Indian girls.

The prevalence of anemia is high in adolescent girls in India, with over 70% anemic. Iron-folic acid (IFA) supplements have been shown to enhance adolescent growth elsewhere in the world. To confirm these results in India, a study was conducted in urban areas of Vadodora, India to investigate the effect of IFA supplements on hemoglobin, hunger and growth in adolescent girls 10-18 y of age. Results show that there was a high demand for IFA supplements and >90% of the girls consumed 85 out of 90 tablets provided. There was an increment of 17.3 g/L hemoglobin in the group of girls receiving IFA supplements, whereas hemoglobin decreased slightly in girls in the control group. Girls and parents reported that girls increased their food intake. A significant weight gain of 0.83 kg was seen in the intervention group, whereas girls in the control group showed little weight gain. The growth increment was greater in the 10- to 14-y-old age group than in the 15- to 18-y-old group, as expected, due to rapid growth during the adolescent spurt. IFA supplementation is recommended for growth promotion among adolescents who are underweight.  (+info)

(2/185) Nutrition in pregnancy: mineral and vitamin supplements.

Pregnancy is associated with physiologic changes that result in increased plasma volume and red blood cells and decreased concentrations of circulating nutrient-binding proteins and micronutrients. In many developing countries, these physiologic changes can be aggravated by undernutrition, leading to micronutrient deficiency states, such as anemia, that can have disastrous consequences for both mothers and newborn infants. Multiple micronutrients are often taken by pregnant women in developed countries, but their benefits are limited, except for prophylactic folic acid taken during the periconceptional period. Women in developing countries may benefit from multiple-micronutrient prophylaxis in pregnancy, but the underlying basis and rationale for changing from supplementation with iron and folate to supplementation with multiple micronutrients has not been debated in the context of existing program objectives. There is an urgent need for this discussion so that both program effectiveness and program efficacy can be improved.  (+info)

(3/185) Relation of childhood diet and body size to menarche and adolescent growth in girls.

Adolescent growth and development may be affected by factors such as dietary intake and body size from much earlier in childhood. In a longitudinal study of 67 Caucasian girls in Boston, Massachusetts, data were collected prospectively from birth during the 1930s and 1940s. Heights and weights were measured semiannually, and dietary history interviews were conducted with mothers. Stepwise linear regression methods were used to seek factors which best predicted age at menarche, adolescent peak height growth velocity, and the age at which peak growth velocity occurred. Girls who consumed more (energy-adjusted) animal protein and less vegetable protein at ages 3-5 years had earlier menarche, and girls aged 1-2 years with higher dietary fat intakes and girls aged 6-8 years with higher animal protein intakes became adolescents with earlier peak growth. Controlling for body size, girls who consumed more calories and animal protein 2 years before peak growth had higher peak growth velocity. These findings may have implications regarding adult diseases whose risks are associated with adolescent growth and development factors.  (+info)

(4/185) Energy and fat intakes of children and adolescents in the united states: data from the national health and nutrition examination surveys.

BACKGROUND: Dietary factors related to body weight and chronic disease risk are of interest because of recent increases in the prevalence of overweight. OBJECTIVE: Secular trends in energy and fat intakes of youths aged 2-19 y were assessed. Current intakes were compared with recommendations. DESIGN: Dietary 24-h recall data from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994) and earlier national surveys were examined. RESULTS: Mean energy intake changed little from the 1970s to 1988-1994 except for an increase among adolescent females. Over the same time period, the mean percentage of energy from total and saturated fat decreased, but remained above recommendations, with overall means of 33.5% of energy from fat and 12.2% of energy from saturated fat. In 1988-1994, approximately 1 in 4 youths met the recommendations for intakes of fat and saturated fat and 3 in 4 met the recommendation for cholesterol intake. Beverages contributed 20-24% of energy across all ages and soft drinks provided 8% of energy in adolescents. Except for adolescent girls, beverage energy contributions were generally higher among overweight than nonoverweight youths; soft drink energy contribution was higher among overweight youths than among nonoverweight youths for all groups. CONCLUSIONS: The lack of evidence of a general increase in energy intake among youths despite an increase in the prevalence of overweight suggests that physical inactivity is a major public health challenge in this age group. Efforts to increase physical activity and decrease nonnutritive sources of energy may be important approaches to counter the rise in overweight prevalence.  (+info)

(5/185) Historical, cultural, political, and social influences on dietary patterns and nutrition in Australian Aboriginal children.

Before permanent European colonization 2 centuries ago, Australian Aborigines were preagriculturalist hunter-gatherers who had adapted extraordinarily well to life in a variety of habitats ranging from tropical forests, coastal and riverine environments, savannah woodlands, and grasslands to harsh, hot, and very arid deserts. Colonization had serious negative effects on Aboriginal society, well-being, and health, so much so that Aborigines are now the unhealthiest subgroup in Australian society. The change from active and lean hunter-gatherers to a more sedentary group of people whose diet is now predominantly Westernized has had, and continues to have, serious effects on their health, particularly in relation to cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus, which are highly prevalent among Aborigines. The contemporary diets of Australian Aborigines are energy rich and contain high amounts of fat, refined carbohydrates, and salt; they are also poor in fiber and certain nutrients, including folate, retinol, and vitamin E and other vitamins. Risks of development of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes in this population probably develop during late childhood and adolescence. This indicates a need for greater emphasis on health promotion and disease prevention than at present and a need to plan these in culturally sensitive, secure, and appropriate ways. Most information about Aboriginal diets is anecdotal or semiquantitative. More effort needs to be invested in studies that more clearly and precisely define dietary patterns in Aboriginal people, especially children, and how these patterns influence their growth, nutritional status, and health, prospectively.  (+info)

(6/185) Fat intake and nutritional status of children in China.

Although the fat intake of Chinese children is not critically high, on the basis of an 8-province survey, the fat intake of urban boys aged 12-15 y rose from approximately 17% of their total energy intake in 1989 to nearly 30% in 1993. In contrast, a national survey conducted in 1992 indicated that the average fat intake of rural boys and girls aged 2-15 y was insufficient to meet the growth needs of early childhood, ranging from approximately 16% to 20% of their total energy intake. The prevalence of underweight and stunting among Chinese children declined from 1990 to 1995, and there was a disparity between the number of those affected in urban areas compared with rural areas. In a 1991 dietary survey of Chinese boys <6 y, stunting appeared to be linked with a low intake of protein and fat. Data on schoolchildren aged 7-17 y showed an improvement in nutrition from 1991 to 1995, but the prevalence of a low weight to height ratio was markedly higher among urban 17-y-old girls. Overweight and obesity are increasing among urban children and are of particular concern at 11 and 12 y of age. Detailed studies should be conducted to analyze the major risk factors of overweight and obesity and to establish appropriate interventions.  (+info)

(7/185) Dietary fat intake and body mass index in Spanish children.

Our objectives were to describe the pattern of dietary fat intake and to present data on trends of growth in Spanish children in past decades. In 1984 a nationwide nutritional survey was conducted in Spain. The average nationwide fat intake was 42% of energy. Across different regions, saturated fat intakes ranged from 13% to 15% of energy and monounsaturated fat intakes ranged from 18% to 19% of energy. More recently, some surveys were conducted at a regional or local level. In children aged 6-10 y, total fat intake ranged from 38% to 48% of energy, of which saturated fat intake ranged from 16% to 18% and monounsaturated fat ranged from 19% to 20%. In children aged 11-14 y, total fat intake ranged from 41% to 51% of energy, of which saturated fat intake ranged from 12% to 18% and monounsaturated fat intake accounted for 20%. In our region of Aragon, we observed a significant trend in children's growth, especially when we accounted for body mass index. The results reflect an increasing total fat consumption in Spain, especially of saturated and monounsaturated fat. The following question remains unanswered: what percentage of fat intake should be recommended when monounsaturated fat is the principal source of fat? Trends on body mass index values in children of our region during the past decades could be related to the amount of fat intake in our population. To confirm these findings we must measure dietary fat intake and nutritional status in the same population of children and adolescents.  (+info)

(8/185) Pricing and promotion effects on low-fat vending snack purchases: the CHIPS Study.

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of pricing and promotion strategies on purchases of low-fat snacks from vending machines. METHODS: Low-fat snacks were added to 55 vending machines in a convenience sample of 12 secondary schools and 12 worksites. Four pricing levels (equal price, 10% reduction, 25% reduction, 50% reduction) and 3 promotional conditions (none, low-fat label, low-fat label plus promotional sign) were crossed in a Latin square design. Sales of low-fat vending snacks were measured continuously for the 12-month intervention. RESULTS: Price reductions of 10%, 25%, and 50% on low-fat snacks were associated with significant increases in low-fat snack sales; percentages of low-fat snack sales increased by 9%, 39%, and 93%, respectively. Promotional signage was independently but weakly associated with increases in low-fat snack sales. Average profits per machine were not affected by the vending interventions. CONCLUSIONS: Reducing relative prices on low-fat snacks was effective in promoting lower-fat snack purchases from vending machines in both adult and adolescent populations.  (+info)


  • Obesity and/or lipid are physiological ER stresses that can precipitate b-cell dysfunction. (
  • Obesity has huge psychosocial impact with obese children and adolescents facing discrimination and stigmatization in many areas of their lives leading to body dissatisfaction, low self-esteem and depression. (


  • Executive attention is impaired following sleep loss in school-aged children, adolescents, and adults. (
  • Type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and prediabetes are increasingly observed among children, adolescents and younger adults. (


  • Levine points to the program menus' dependence on agricultural surplus commodities more than on children's nutritional needs, and she discusses the political policy barriers that have limited the number of children receiving meals and which children were served. (
  • In the midst of privatization, federal budget cuts, and suspect nutritional guidelines where even ketchup might be categorized as a vegetable, the program remains popular and feeds children who would otherwise go hungry. (


  • Nutritional factors that may contribute to bone accretion in infants and toddlers include maternal nutritional status during pregnancy, type of infant feeding, calcium and phosphorus content of infant formula, introduction of weaning foods, and diet during the toddler and preschool years. (
  • Factors that affect bone mineral accrual in the adolescent growth spurt. (
  • A clinically defined condition characterized by persistent, severe, disabling fatigue lasting more than six months that is not reversed by sleep is regarded as chronic fatigue (CF). Fatigue is a complex phenomenon determined by several factors, including psychological health but at the biochemical level fatigue is related to the metabolic energy available to tissues and cells, mainly through mitochondrial respiration. (


  • therefore, it is essential that we fully understand the nutritional implications of cereal grain consumption upon human health and well being. (


  • Motivation for eating behaviour in adolescent girls: the body beautiful. (
  • Their engagement by adolescent girls is high, and in surveys girls identify thin and revealing body images as influential to the appeal of thinness and their pursuit of dieting. (


  • To the physiological variations puberty include menstrual irregularities , juvenile uterine bleeding, amenorea (see). (


  • For those working in adolescent nutrition it is a reminder that adolescent food choice and intake are subject to many competing, contradictory and non-health-related determinants. (
  • The long-term effects of these early nutritional influences on later bone health are unknown. (