A 24 year old woman with airway injury, lung infiltration and pleural effusion due to pyoderma gangrenosum is reported. (+info)
Pyoderma gangrenosum. A diagnosis not to be missed.
We describe a case of pyoderma gangrenosum which presented with severe wound breakdown after elective hip replacement. The patient was treated successfully with minimal wound debridement and steroids. This diagnosis should always be considered when confronted with an enlarging painful skin lesion which does not grow organisms when cultured and fails to respond to antibiotic therapy, especially if there are similar lesions in other sites. In patients who have a past history of pyoderma gangrenosum, prophylactic steroids may be indicated at the time of surgery or may be required early in the postoperative period. (+info)
Pyogenic arthritis, pyoderma gangrenosum, and acne syndrome maps to chromosome 15q.
Pyoderma gangrenosum, cystic acne, and aseptic arthritis are clinically distinct disorders within the broad class of inflammatory diseases. Although this triad of symptoms is rarely observed in a single patient, a three-generation kindred with autosomal-dominant transmission of these three disorders has been reported as "PAPA syndrome" (MIM 604416). We report mapping of a disease locus for familial pyoderma gangrenosum-acne-arthritis to the long arm of chromosome 15 (maximum two-point LOD score, 5.83; recombination fraction [straight theta] 0 at locus D15S206). Under the assumption of complete penetrance, haplotype analysis of recombination events defined a disease interval of 10 cM, between D15S1023 and D15S979. Successful identification of a single disease locus for this syndrome suggests that these clinically distinct disorders may share a genetic etiology. These data further indicate the role of genes outside the major histocompatibility locus in inflammatory disease. (+info)
Cutaneous blastomycosis in New Brunswick: case report.
Blastomycosis is a fungal infection of immunocompetent hosts. We present a case of cutaneous blastomycosis acquired in New Brunswick, which provides evidence that this disease is endemic in Atlantic Canada. This case also demonstrates that the diagnosis of blastomycosis may be elusive. Perseverance, a high index of clinical suspicion and close cooperation with the microbiology laboratory may be required to diagnose this uncommon condition. (+info)
Understanding pyoderma gangrenosum: a review.
CONTEXT: Diagnosis and management of pyoderma gangrenosum, a chronic, ulcerative cutaneous inflammatory disease often associated with systemic disease, requires a multidisciplinary approach. No large-scale, controlled trials have been conducted and, as a consequence, the knowledge of this condition is largely based on anecdotal reports. OBJECTIVE: To investigate current understanding of the diagnosis and management of pyoderma gangrenosum. DESIGN: Critical review article. Two hundred eighty-six articles, limited to articles in English and pertaining to humans, were retrieved and reviewed from a MEDLINE search spanning the years 1960-2000. CONCLUSIONS: Diagnosis of pyoderma gangrenosum often requires consultation by multiple specialists in different fields of medicine. Treatment is individually tailored and depends on disease severity and the presence of associated disease. Local treatment is sufficient for mild disease, and the use of immunosuppressive agents is reserved for severe or refractory cases, with cyclosporin being the agent of choice. The long-term outcome for these patients has not been established. (+info)
Clinical use of Infliximab in Crohn's disease: the Edinburgh experience.
Infliximab is an established treatment for steroid-resistant and fistulating Crohn's disease. Although efficacy has been shown in clinical trials, financial implications often limit its use and limited data exist regarding clinical practice. AIMS: To audit the clinical effectiveness of Infliximab. METHODS: We prospectively audited 50 consecutive patients [28 females; median age, 34 years (17-70 years)]. Disease activity and response rates were assessed by the Harvey-Bradshaw index. Clinical and disease data were collected and blood was taken for inflammatory markers, complement and double-stranded DNA antibodies. Patients received Infliximab at 5 mg/kg and were followed for 12 weeks. RESULTS: Indications for Infliximab were refractory Crohn's disease in 39 patients, fistulating Crohn's disease in six, pyoderma gangrenosum in one, pouchitis in two and coeliac disease in two. Thirty-one (79%) of the refractory Crohn's disease patients and four (66%) of the fistulating patients responded at 4 weeks. Twenty-one (54%) of the refractory Crohn's disease patients had a continued response at 12 weeks. Perianal disease was more prevalent in non-responders (7/8 vs. 12/31, P < 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Response rates to Infliximab in our group are comparable to those of clinical trials. Despite the expense, it remains a useful adjunct to treatment in this otherwise difficult group of patients. Patients with perianal disease responded less well in our cohort. (+info)
Mutations in CD2BP1 disrupt binding to PTP PEST and are responsible for PAPA syndrome, an autoinflammatory disorder.
PAPA syndrome (pyogenic sterile arthritis, pyoderma gangrenosum, and acne, OMIM #604416) and familial recurrent arthritis (FRA) are rare inherited disorders of early onset, primarily affecting skin and joint tissues. Recurring inflammatory episodes lead to accumulation of sterile, pyogenic, neutrophil-rich material within the affected joints, ultimately resulting in significant destruction. We recently localized the genes for PAPA syndrome and FRA to chromosome 15q and suggested that they are the same disorder. We have now established this by the identification of co-segregating disease-causing mutations in the CD2-binding protein 1 (CD2BP1; GenBank accession no XM 044569) gene in the two reported families with this disorder. E250Q or A230T amino acid substitutions occur within a domain highly homologous to yeast cleavage furrow-associated protein CDC15. CD2BP1 and its murine ortholog, proline-serine-threonine phosphatase interacting protein (PSTPIP1), are adaptor proteins known to interact with PEST-type protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTP). Yeast two-hybrid assays demonstrate severely reduced binding between PTP PEST and both the E250Q and A230T mutant proteins. Previous evidence supports the integral role of CD2BP1 and its interacting proteins in actin reorganization during cytoskeletal-mediated events. We hypothesize that the disease-causing mutations that we have identified compromise physiologic signaling necessary for the maintenance of proper inflammatory response. Accordingly we suggest classification of PAPA syndrome as an autoinflammatory disease. This CD2BP1-mediated biochemical pathway(s) may function in common inflammatory disorders with apparent etiological overlap, such as rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease. (+info)
Skin ulcers misdiagnosed as pyoderma gangrenosum.
BACKGROUND: Pyoderma gangrenosum is a diagnosis of exclusion, and the misdiagnosis of pyoderma gangrenosum can result in substantial complications in patients who have other causes of severe cutaneous ulceration. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 240 patients with a diagnosis of pyoderma gangrenosum who were evaluated at our institution from 1975 through 2000, including 157 consecutive patients treated for presumed pyoderma gangrenosum from 1984 through 1992. We also reviewed the English-language literature. RESULTS: Ninety-five patients (49 from our institution and 46 described in the literature) had skin ulcers with a clinical resemblance to pyoderma gangrenosum. The final diagnoses were vascular occlusive or venous disease, vasculitis, cancer, primary infection, drug-induced or exogenous tissue injury, and other inflammatory disorders. Of the 95 patients studied, 64 had been treated for pyoderma gangrenosum for a median of 10 months (range, 3 to 180). These 64 included 15 of the 157 consecutive patients treated for pyoderma gangrenosum at our institution (10 percent). Of the ulcers in the 64 patients treated for pyoderma gangrenosum, it was clear that those in 23 patients (36 percent) did not respond to treatment directed at pyoderma gangrenosum, those in 8 (12 percent) were exacerbated by such treatment, and those in 15 (23 percent) improved with such treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The misdiagnosis of pyoderma gangrenosum is not uncommon and exposes patients to risks associated with its treatment. A thorough evaluation is required in all patients suspected of having pyoderma gangrenosum in order to rule out alternative diagnoses. (+info)