The comparative importance of books: clinical psychology in the health sciences library.
Clinical psychology has received little attention as a subject in health sciences library collections. This study seeks to demonstrate the relative importance of the monographic literature to clinical psychology through the examination of citations in graduate student theses and dissertations at the Fordham Health Sciences Library, Wright State University. Dissertations and theses were sampled randomly; citations were classified by format, counted, and subjected to statistical analysis. Books and book chapters together account for 35% of the citations in clinical psychology dissertations, 25% in nursing theses, and 8% in biomedical sciences theses and dissertations. Analysis of variance indicates that the citations in dissertations and theses in the three areas differ significantly (F = 162.2 with 2 and 253 degrees of freedom, P = 0.0001). Dissertations and theses in biomedical sciences and nursing theses both cite significantly more journals per book than the dissertations in clinical psychology. These results support the hypothesis that users of clinical psychology literature rely more heavily on books than many other users of a health sciences library. Problems with using citation analyses in a single subject to determine a serials to monographs ratio for a health sciences library are pointed out. (+info)
Bioinformatics training in the USA.
This paper provides an overview of the history and funding of bioinformatics training in the USA, and summarises some of the challenges and key features associated with bioinformatics training programmes at PhD level. The paper includes compilations of current PhD bioinformatics training programmes and sources of funding. (+info)
Publishing scientific papers based on Master's and Ph.D. theses from a small scientific community: case study of Croatian medical schools.
AIM: To evaluate publishing activity of medical doctors after they have obtained Master's or Ph.D. degree at the Rijeka and Zagreb University Schools of Medicine in Croatia, and establish the number of journal articles based on these theses. METHODS: Data on Master's and Ph.D. theses defended at the Rijeka and Zagreb University Schools of Medicine in the 1990-1999 period were collected by hand-search of the archive. MEDLINE and Current Contents databases were searched for journal articles resulting from the theses. RESULTS: During the 10-year period, 1,535 Master's and 634 Ph.D. theses were defended at the Rijeka and Zagreb University Schools of Medicine (253 Master's and 138 Ph.D. theses from Rijeka and 1,282 Master's and 496 Ph.D. theses from Zagreb). There were 201 (14%) Master's and 218 (34%) Ph.D. theses that resulted in articles published in journals indexed in MEDLINE (13% of Master's and 11% of Ph.D. theses from Rijeka, and 14% of Master's and 41% of Ph.D. theses from Zagreb). Also, 97 (6%) Master's and 129 (20%) Ph.D. theses that resulted in articles published in Current Contents journals (8% of Master's and 6% of Ph.D. theses from Rijeka, and 6% of Master's and 24% of Ph.D. theses from Zagreb). There was no significant difference between the two Universities with respect to published articles based on Master's theses, but there were significantly more articles from Ph.D. theses in Zagreb (p<0.001). Most of the theses resulted in a single publication (95%), 19 (5%) in 2, and 2 in 3 publications. Out of all 453 journal articles, 31% were published in Croatian and 69% in international journals. CONCLUSION: Most Croatian Master's and Ph.D. theses are not made available to the scientific community. There should be more institutional effort directed at the stimulation of postgraduate students to publish their scientific work. (+info)
Bibliometric study of grey literature in core veterinary medical journals.
OBJECTIVES: Grey literature has been perceived by many as belonging to the primary sources of information and has become an accepted method of nonconventional communication in the sciences and medicine. Since little is known about the use and nature of grey literature in veterinary medicine, a systematic study was done to analyze and characterize the bibliographic citations appearing in twelve core veterinary journals. METHODS: Citations from 2,159 articles published in twelve core veterinary journals in 2000 were analyzed to determine the portion of citations from grey literature. Those citations were further analyzed and categorized according to the type of publication. RESULTS: Citation analysis yielded 55,823 citations, of which 3,564 (6.38%) were considered to be grey literature. Four veterinary specialties, internal medicine, pathology, theriogenology, and microbiology, accounted for 70% of the total number of articles. Three small-animal clinical practice journals cited about 2.5-3% grey literature, less than half that of journals with basic research orientations, where results ranged from almost 6% to approximately 10% grey literature. Nearly 90% of the grey literature appeared as conferences, government publications, and corporate organization literature. CONCLUSIONS: The results corroborate other reported research that the incidence of grey literature is lower in medicine and biology than in some other fields, such as aeronautics and agriculture. As in other fields, use of the Internet and the Web has greatly expanded the communication process among veterinary professionals. The appearance of closed community email forums and specialized discussion groups within the veterinary profession is an example of what could become a new kind of grey literature. (+info)
How to write a thesis.
The prospect of writing a thesis can be intimidating. However, there are certain formats that the writer should follow in order to make life much easier. This article covers a logical approach to presenting research findings. Also included are suggestions for a last minute checklist. (+info)
Influence of template DNA degradation on the genotyping of SNPs and STR polymorphisms from forensic materials by PCR.
Detection of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and short tandem repeat (STR) polymorphisms by PCR is widely used to analyze degraded DNAs in forensic science. The success of DNA analysis from human remains largely depends on the quality of the template DNA. We examined two SNPs (HLA-DQA1 and ABO) and two STR polymorphisms (VWA and CD4) by SSCP gel or denaturing gel electrophoresis, using two kinds of degraded DNA samples (165 teeth and blood stains contaminated with saliva) derived from the same person and investigated the influence of template DNA degradation on genotyping. As the degradation of DNA proceeds, unbalanced amplification of alleles occurred in the analysis of both SNPs and STRs, followed by allele drop, and further by loss of amplification. Non-target allelic products of STRs were amplified from highly degraded DNA samples; however, false allelic products of SNPs were not amplified from them. Amplification efficiency increased in proportion to the decrease of PCR target size, but reduction of the PCR target sizes also increased the chances of amplifying contaminating DNA, especially in highly degraded DNA specimens. The present results will help investigators to evaluate the genotyping of highly degraded DNA samples in forensic casework. (+info)
Anti-phagocytic role of surface fibrous structure of an invasive Porphyromonas gingivalis strain.
Recent studies have shown that invasive and non-invasive strains of Porphyromonas gingivalis can both be isolated from patients with periodontitis. We examined the interaction between an invasive 16-1 P. gingivalis strain and phagocytes obtained from human peripheral blood and guinea pig peritoneal cavity. Phagocytes from human peripheral blood, mainly polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) isolated by centrifugation in Ficoll Hypaque, and macrophages collected from the peritoneal cavity of guinea pigs, were exposed to P. gingivalis cells. After this exposure, greater numbers of the non-invasive P. gingivalis ATCC 33277 were observed in human PMNs and guinea pig macrophages compared with the invasive P. gingivalis 16-1. Electron microscopic observations showed that invasive 16-1 within phagosomes in human PMNs and guinea pig macrophages retained their surface fibrous structures as well as their outer membranes. Electron microscopic examination showed that destruction and damage to the cell membranes and inner structures were clear in human PMNs and guinea pig macrophages after exposure to invasive 16-1 for 6 and 24 hours; this was a clear difference from exposure to the non-invasive ATCC 33277. Release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activities into the culture supernatant of PMNs after exposure to the invasive 16-1 for 4 and 6 hours was significantly greater than that after exposure to the non-invasive ATCC 33277 (p<0.05). On the other hand, the LDH activity after exposure for 21 hours to the invasive 16-1 was significantly lower than that of untreated cells and cells after exposure to the non-invasive ATCC 33277 strain (p<0.05). The PMN viabilities after exposure to cells of the invasive 16-1 for 3, 4, and 6 hours as evaluated by trypan blue staining were similar to those after exposure to cells of the non-invasive ATCC 33277, but that after exposure to the invasive 16-1 strain for 21 hours was significantly lower than that after exposure to cells of the non-invasive ATCC 33277 strain. (+info)
Number of objectives and conclusions in dissertations and thesis.
PURPOSE: To analyze the number of objectives and conclusions presented in dissertations and thesis defended at Federal University of Sao Paulo-Paulista School of Medicine (UNIFESP-EPM). METHODS: It was realized a search in the master degree dissertations and doctor degree thesis defended at Federal University of Sao Paulo-Paulista School of Medicine in the years 2002 and 2003 that were found available in the central library of this university. RESULTS: From 723 master dissertations analyzed, 62 (8.57%) presented only one objective and one conclusion, 134 (18.53%) presented one objective and more than one conclusion and 527 (72.89%) had more than one objective and more than one conclusion. From 502 doctor thesis analyzed, 23 (4.58%) presented only one objective and one conclusion, 123 (24.50%) presented one objective and more than one conclusion and 376 (74.90%) had more than one objective and more than one conclusion. CONCLUSIONS: It wasn't found in researched literature the number of objectives and conclusions a scientific work must have. A highest number of thesis and dissertations presented more than one objective and more than one conclusion. (+info)