Motivation for and satisfaction with orthodontic-surgical treatment: a retrospective study of 28 patients.
Motivation for starting treatment and satisfaction with treatment results were evaluated on the basis of replies to a 14-item questionnaire and clinical examination of 28 orthognathic patients from 6 months to 2 years after treatment. The most common reasons for seeking professional help were problems in biting and chewing (68 per cent). Another major reason was dissatisfaction with facial appearance (36 per cent). Many patients also complained of temporomandibular joint symptoms (32 per cent) and headache (32 per cent). Women (8/19) were more often dissatisfied with their facial appearance than men (2/9), but the difference was not statistically significant. In agreement with earlier studies, the results of orthognathic treatment fulfilled the expectations of almost every patient. Nearly 100 per cent of the patients (27/28) were satisfied with treatment results, although 40 per cent experienced some degree of numbness in the lips and/or jaw 1 year post-operatively. The most satisfied patients were those who stated temporomandibular disorders as the main reason for seeking treatment and whose PAR-index had improved greatly. The majority of the patients experienced the orthodontic treatment as painful and as the most unpleasant part of the whole treatment, but all the patients were satisfied with the pre-treatment information they were given on orthodontics. Orthodontic-surgical therapy should be of a high professional standard technically, but the psychological aspects are equally important in the treatment protocol. The professionals should make efforts to understand the patient's motivations for and expectations of treatment. Patients should be well prepared for surgery and supported for a long time after to help them to adjust to post-surgical changes. (+info)
An unusual case of thoracic outlet syndrome associated with long distance running.
An amateur marathon runner presented with symptoms of thoracic outlet syndrome after long distance running. He complained of numbness on the C8 and T1 dermatome bilaterally. There were also symptoms of heaviness and discomfort of both upper limbs and shoulder girdles. These symptoms could be relieved temporarily by supporting both upper limbs on a rail or shrugging his shoulders. The symptoms and signs would subside spontaneously on resting. An exercise provocative test and instant relief manoeuvre, which are the main diagnostic tests for this unusual case of "dynamic" thoracic outlet syndrome, were introduced. (+info)
Systemic lupus erythematosus demonstrating serum anti-GM1 antibody, with sudden onset of drop foot as the initial presentation.
In systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), peripheral neuropathies are relatively uncommon and rarely present as the initial symptom. We herein describe a 61-year-old woman who developed a sudden onset of drop foot, which was indistinguishable from Guillain-Barre syndrome based on the clinical symptoms alone. Antibodies against ganglioside GM1 were detected in the serum, while no antibodies to Campylobacter jejuni were observed. An electrophysiological study showed axonal impairment rather than demyelination. A pathological examination of a sural nerve biopsy specimen and further laboratory examinations suggested the observed peripheral neuropathies to have arisen due to lupus vasculitis. The serological activities of SLE responded well to treatment with corticosteroids, mizoribine and immunoadsorption therapies, however, the drop foot symptoms did not change remarkably. (+info)
Ocular complications of acoustic neuroma surgery.
AIM: To analyse the risk factors involved in the development of ocular complications after acoustic neuroma resection, in particular corneal complications and visual loss, and to identify measures that may reduce these. METHODS: 62 patients who underwent surgery for acoustic neuroma had a standardised ophthalmic examination and retrospective case note review. RESULTS: At final review (mean 37.6 months), although 38 patients reported ocular symptoms, only 22% saw 6/12 or worse. Patients with hypoaesthetic corneas had a higher incidence of corneal pathology (79%) than those with normal sensation (39%). Lagophthalmos increased the incidence of corneal pathology (to 80%); in those with normal closure, the incidence was only 46%. 20 patients required at least one ophthalmic surgical procedure. CONCLUSIONS: After acoustic neuroma resection patients place a considerable burden on the ophthalmologist. Immediate referral postoperatively, and frequent review of those with abnormal sensation may reduce the severity of long term ocular complications. (+info)
Epidermoid tumor within Meckel's cave--case report.
A rare case of an epidermoid tumor lying within Meckel's cave is reported. A 27-year-old housewife presented with complaints of right facial hypesthesia for two and a half years. On examination she had partial loss of touch sensation in the right trigeminal nerve distribution. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a tumor located at the right petrous apex and cavernous sinus. The epidermoid tumor was excised through a lateral basal subtemporal approach. The symptoms resolved following surgery. (+info)
Dropped hallux after the intramedullary nailing of tibial fractures.
We made a prospective study of 208 patients with tibial fractures treated by reamed intramedullary nailing. Of these, 11 (5.3%) developed dysfunction of the peroneal nerve with no evidence of a compartment syndrome. The patients with this complication were significantly younger (mean age 25.6 years) and most had closed fractures of the forced-varus type with relatively minor soft-tissue damage. The fibula was intact in three, fractured in the distal or middle third in seven, with only one fracture in the proximal third. Eight of the 11 patients showed a 'dropped hallux' syndrome, with weakness of extensor hallucis longus and numbness in the first web space, but no clinical involvement of extensor digitorum longus or tibialis anterior. This was confirmed by nerve-conduction studies in three of the eight patients. There was good recovery of muscle function within three to four months in all cases, but after one year three patients still had some residual tightness of extensor hallucis longus, and two some numbness in the first web space. No patient required further treatment. (+info)
Cervical spondylotic myelopathy: a common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in older persons.
Cervical spondylotic myelopathy is the most common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in older persons. The aging process results in degenerative changes in the cervical spine that, in advanced stages, can cause compression of the spinal cord. Symptoms often develop insidiously and are characterized by neck stiffness, arm pain, numbness in the hands, and weakness of the hands and legs. The differential diagnosis includes any condition that can result in myelopathy, such as multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and masses (such as metastatic tumors) that press on the spinal cord. The diagnosis is confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging that shows narrowing of the spinal canal caused by osteophytes, herniated discs and ligamentum flavum hypertrophy. Choice of treatment remains controversial, surgical procedures designed to decompress the spinal cord and, in some cases, stabilize the spine are successful in many patients. (+info)
Neurological deficits in solvent-exposed painters: a syndrome including impaired colour vision, cognitive defects, tremor and loss of vibration sensation.
Five individuals are described who had participated in a study of former dockyard painters. All had worked between 16 years and 45 years as industrial painters, much of the time inside ships. All underwent structured neurological examination, colour vision testing (allowing calculation of a colour confusion index corrected for age and alcohol), and detailed psychometric testing. An occupational history sufficient to allow estimation of past exposure to solvents was taken. All gave a history of exposure to high concentrations of solvents at work, and several described episodes of acute narcosis. All showed neurological deficits and some had overt neurological disease, although in no case had this previously been linked to their work. The most striking features, sufficient to constitute a syndrome, were acquired blue-yellow colour vision deficits, coarse tremor, impaired vibration sensation in the legs and cognitive impairment. Their estimated cumulative exposures to solvents ranged between the equivalent of 13 and 37 calendar years working at the Occupational Exposure Standard concentration (OES years). This study for the first time gives an indication of the concentrations of solvents likely to lead to serious neurological disease in humans. It serves as a reminder to physicians to take an occupational history from patients with obscure neurological or psychological impairment. (+info)