• Understanding plant responses to these stresses is essential for rational engineering of crop plants. (archambault.ca)
  • They will look into the specific mechanisms (genetic, epigenetic, physiological, morphological, metabolic…) and dynamics that underlie adaptive processes of crops and how these responses are modulated by the type and severity of conditions/stresses. (univ-toulouse.fr)
  • Proposals are expected to improve capacities for modelling plant adaptation responses to better predict changes in plant performance and inform crop improvement and crop management strategies. (univ-toulouse.fr)
  • Plants are not motile, and can only face stress by developing appropriate physiological responses. (inserm.fr)
  • These gradients are major determinants of tree growth and survival, and the physiological and molecular properties of plant responses to heat, cold, drought and flooding stress are among the most finely characterised processes in plant biology. (inra.fr)
  • Here we review our current knowledge on chromatin-mediated epigenetic processes in plants. (inserm.fr)
  • A significant portion of plant genomes (most studies are Arabidopsis and rice genome) encodes for proteins involves in signaling such as receptor, sensors, kinases, phosphatases, transcription factors and transporters/channels. (archambault.ca)
  • Recent studies provided evidence that plants challenged by pathogenic microorganisms also produce NO. The emerging picture is that NO functions as a signal in plant immunity and executes part of its effects through posttranslational protein modifications. (inserm.fr)
  • From these structural and biochemical studies, we will discuss the physiological functions of this multigenic family of GSTs in relation with the degradation of complex biomass and their potential use in biotechnology. (sfr-condorcet.fr)
  • Genetic diversity revealed by physiological behavior of citrus genotypes subjected to salt stress. (cirad.fr)
  • Moreover, they are involved in numerous physiological processes essential to living organisms. (ac.be)
  • In the post-genomic era, one of the major challenges is investigation and understanding of multiple genes and gene families regulating a particular physiological and developmental aspect of plant life cycle. (archambault.ca)
  • Plant life strategies differ radically from those of most animals. (inserm.fr)
  • Despite decades of physiological and molecular effort, knowledge pertaining to how plants sense and transduce low and high temperature, low-water availability (drought), water-submergence and salinity signals is still a major question before plant biologists. (archambault.ca)
  • One major constraint hampering our understanding of these signal transduction processes in plants has been the lack or slow pace of application of molecular genomic and genetics knowledge in the form of gene function. (archambault.ca)
  • Hence, air pollution tolerant index, in relation with the four biochemical characteristic has been used to rank plant species in the order of tolerance to air pollution.The data from this study revealed that combining a variety of biochemical parameters could give a more reliable result than those air pollution tolerance classifications based on a single biochemical parameter. (laboutiqueafricavivre.com)
  • We are interested in understanding the structure-function relationship of ion channels as part of a broader interest in the processes governing the physiology of organelles (e.g., mitochondria), plant cell development and seed germination. (ac.be)
  • One of the important physiological processes is regulation of stress response, which leads to adaptation or adjustment in response to adverse stimuli. (archambault.ca)
  • With the holistic understanding of the signaling pathways involving not only one gene family but multiple genes or gene families, plant biologists can lay a foundation for designing and generating future crops that can withstand the higher degree of environmental stresses (especially abiotic stresses, which are the major cause of crop loss throughout the world) without losing crop yield and productivity. (archambault.ca)
  • A more thorough understanding of genotype x environment interactions, which is of importance for plant resilience against stresses, and a better control of fruit flavour and nutritional quality, are major challenges for the scientific community. (asso.fr)
  • The present study was aimed at determining the impact of ambient air quality on some biological factors in the leaves of twenty plant species using two sites as indices for measuring the extent of environmental pollution. (laboutiqueafricavivre.com)
  • It focuses on the environment, biodiversity, biomedical research, plant health and improvement, and on understanding the basic mechanisms of living organisms. (univ-cotedazur.fr)
  • This nexus between basic and applied research requires specific openings for testing ideas and their potential application in plant and animal production, both terrestrial and aquatic. (univ-toulouse.fr)
  • The Arabidopsis putative selenium-binding protein family: Expression study and characterization of SBP1 as a potential new player in cadmium detoxification processes. (lpcv.fr)
  • Based on these findings, it appears that NO is involved in both the activation and the negative control of the signaling pathways related to plant immunity. (inserm.fr)
  • Moreover, OCPs did not impact the microbial community physiological profile in all tested conditions. (inserm.fr)
  • This study addressed the dynamic changes in soil functionality under lindane and chlordecone exposures with or without maize plant. (inserm.fr)
  • With plants, soil functionality under OCP stress was similar to controls demonstrating the plant influence to ensure the efficiency of C- and N-turnover in soils. (inserm.fr)
  • Effect of mixed pollutants on soil-plant microcosms. (gc.ca)
  • Modelling the interactions between root system architecture, root functions and reactive transport processes in soil. (cirad.fr)
  • Air pollution can directly affect plant via leaves or indirectly via soil acidification. (laboutiqueafricavivre.com)
  • Functional Plant Biology. (inra.fr)
  • These results once again suggest that silicon could be more useful for plant health than previously thought. (erudit.org)
  • Rapid changes in plant breeding methods, the description of the tomato genome and enhanced capacities for crop modelling foreshadow major developments in tomato varieties and cropping systems in the near future. (asso.fr)
  • Therefore, in this proposed book, we intend to incorporate the contribution from leading plant biologists to elucidate several aspects of stress signaling by functional genomic approaches. (archambault.ca)
  • In animals, nitric oxide (NO) functions as a ubiquitous signaling molecule involved in diverse physiological processes such as immunity. (inserm.fr)
  • The authors believe that silicon could influence many physiological processes, particularly those alleviating damage caused to certain molecules following the overproduction of reactive oxygen species (e.g. (erudit.org)
  • Most plant experienced physiological changes before exhibiting visible damage to leaves when exposed to air pollutants. (laboutiqueafricavivre.com)