Influence of filler content and gap dimension on wear resistance of resin composite luting cements around a CAD/CAM ceramic inlay restoration.
We investigated the influence of filler content and gap dimension on the wear resistance of composite luting cement around CAD/CAM ceramic inlay restorations. Experimental hybrid dual-cured composite luting cements containing 60, 70, 72, 74 and 80 wt% of silanated barium-silica fillers were used for cementing CAD/CAM ceramic inlay into the cavity. The specimens involving inlay-cement-tooth interfaces were subjected to a three-body wear test. The relation between the interfacial gap dimension and wear loss was also investigated using 60, 70 and 80 wt% filled cements. The cements containing more than 70 wt% filler presented significantly higher wear resistance than 60 wt% filled cement. There was a positive linear relationship between gap dimension and wear loss, and the inclination of the regression line decreased with increasing filler content. These results indicated that the higher filler content of the cement increased the wear resistance and this desirable influence appeared more remarkably in the wider horizontal gap dimension. (+info)
Fatigue of restorative materials.
Failure due to fatigue manifests itself in dental prostheses and restorations as wear, fractured margins, delaminated coatings, and bulk fracture. Mechanisms responsible for fatigue-induced failure depend on material ductility: Brittle materials are susceptible to catastrophic failure, while ductile materials utilize their plasticity to reduce stress concentrations at the crack tip. Because of the expense associated with the replacement of failed restorations, there is a strong desire on the part of basic scientists and clinicians to evaluate the resistance of materials to fatigue in laboratory tests. Test variables include fatigue-loading mode and test environment, such as soaking in water. The outcome variable is typically fracture strength, and these data typically fit the Weibull distribution. Analysis of fatigue data permits predictive inferences to be made concerning the survival of structures fabricated from restorative materials under specified loading conditions. Although many dental-restorative materials are routinely evaluated, only limited use has been made of fatigue data collected in vitro: Wear of materials and the survival of porcelain restorations has been modeled by both fracture mechanics and probabilistic approaches. A need still exists for a clinical failure database and for the development of valid test methods for the evaluation of composite materials. (+info)
Wearing behaviors of a hybrid composite resin for crown and bridge.
The wearing behaviors of a hybrid composite resin for crown and bridge (ES) were examined using a two-body impacting-sliding wear test with a porcelain (PO), Au-Ag-Pd alloy (PD), direct restorative composite resin (CR) and tooth enamel (TO). Although PO was the hardest of all, it showed the largest wear together with ES in the combination of ES-PO, which was probably initiated from the superficial destruction by their impact. The wear in ES-PD was the second largest. It was noted in this combination that the surface of ES was partially contaminated by scraped thin layers of PD to a degree distinguished by the naked eye. The mutual wears of the components were relatively low in the combination of ES with CR, TO or ES itself. It is suggested from these findings that the hybrid composite resin may be useful as an alternative to porcelain for posterior crown and bridge unless it opposes porcelain or alloys. (+info)
Clinical performance of a compomer and amalgam for the interproximal restoration of primary molars: a 24-month evaluation.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical performance of a compomer material (Dyract) in comparison with dental amalgam (Contour) for management of proximal caries in primary molars in young children. SETTING: General dental practice, and a dental hospital paediatric clinic. METHOD: This was a prospective study. A split mouth design was used with identical pairs of minimal Class II cavities, of matched tooth type in the same dental arch, usually diagnosed with the use of bitewing radiographs. Seventy-eight pairs of restorations were completed of which 60 pairs were available for evaluation after 24 months. RESULTS: Comparable retention rates were observed for both Dyract and amalgam. The retention rates were high for both materials, with only four amalgam and two Dyract restorations failing over 24 months. Significantly better marginal integrity (P < 0.05) was observed for Dyract compared with amalgam with no significant differences between the two materials for recurrent caries, wear or surface texture. CONCLUSIONS: Dyract seemed to be a suitable alternative to amalgam for proximal restorations in primary molars of young children for use in general dental practice. (+info)
Wear resistance of hybrid composite resin for crown material by the two-body sliding test.
Comparative studies on two-body sliding wear resistance were performed between a hybrid composite resin and conventional light-curing composite veneering materials. This study investigated the wear resistance of hybrid composite resins compared with three composite resin veneering materials for 12%Au-Ag-Pd alloy, the wear resistance of four restorative materials opposed to hybrid composite resin, and the influence of surface characteristics on hybrid composite resins. Hybrid composite resin without heat-curing, which was compared with other composite resin materials exhibited inferior wear resistance, but hybrid composite resin mechanically polished after heat-curing exhibited the most superior wear resistance. (+info)
Wear and superficial roughness of glass ionomer cements used as sealants, after simulated toothbrushing.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, the properties (wear and roughness) of glass ionomer cements that could influence their indication as pit and fissure sealants. The utilized materials were Fuji Plus, Ketac-Molar and Vitremer (in two different proportions: 1:1 and :1). The resin-based sealant Delton was used as control. By means of an electronic balance (precision of 10-4 g), wear was measured in function of weight loss after simulated toothbrushing. Superficial roughness was determined by means of a surface roughness-measuring apparatus. The results revealed that diluted Vitremer and Fuji Plus were less resistant to toothbrushing abrasion and had the greatest increase in superficial roughness. Although in clinical situations luting or diluted ionomer cements are often utilized as alternatives to resin-based sealants, the resultsof this study revealed that the properties of those cements are worse than those of restorative ionomers, whichpresented results similar to those of the evaluated resin sealant. (+info)
Tooth brush abrasion of paint-on resins for shade modification of crown and bridge resins.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surface roughness and resistance to toothbrush abrasion of three experimental paint-on composite resins developed for the shade modification of crown and bridge resins. The paint-on resins had less filler volume fraction than restorative composites or the crown and bridge resins and consequently were of low viscosity. The maximum surface roughness (Rmax) and the maximum depth loss by abrasion for the paint-on resins following 40,000 cycles of brushing ranged from 2.45 to 4.07 microm and 8.63 to 13.67 microm, respectively. Rmax values were 37.7-67.5% lower than that for the crown and bridge resin subjected to the same test. Wear depth was 19.9-49.4% lower than for the crown and bridge resin. These results suggest that the paint-on resins are expected to have adequate resistance to toothbrush abrasion and may therefore be suitable for clinical use. (+info)
Wear test combining simulated occlusal wear and toothbrush wear.
A new wear testing system, which carries out toothbrush wear and simulated occlusal wear tests alternately, was developed. Differences in wear behavior among three modes of wears, combined wear, toothbrush wear and simulated occlusal wear, were investigated using polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and two commercial resin composites (Z100, APX). The area of the material loss after each test was measured on the worn surfaces to evaluate the different modes of wears. On PMMA and Z100, the toothbrush wear corresponded to the combined wear, suggesting that toothbrush wear was dominant in the combined wear for these materials. On the other hand, the occlusal wear was dominant corresponding to the combined wear on APX. Both the simulated occlusal wear and toothbrush wear tests are essential to evaluate the wear behavior of restorative materials, and the combined wear test is effective to analyze the wear behavior of restorative materials under different wear processes which consist of toothbrush wear and simulated occlusal wear. (+info)