Mediastinal granular cell tumor is an exceptionally rare tumor; there are only a few previously reported cases. We report a 21-year-old man with a granular cell tumor in the right posterior mediastinum. Chest computed tomography scans and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 15x20 mm well circumscribed, homogeneous mass, which was closely associated with the vertebral column. The T1-weighted magnetic resonance image showed low intensities, and moderate intensities were found on the T2-weighted magnetic resonance image. Gd-DTPA enhancement was remarkable on the tumor surface. The present case differed from ordinary neurogenic tumors in magnetic resonance imaging findings. Thoracoscopic resection of the tumor was performed. The tumor was associated with the sympathetic nerve. Histologic analysis revealed a benign granular cell tumor. (+info)
Multicentric Castleman's disease manifesting in the lung: clinical, radiographic, and pathologic findings and successful treatment with corticosteroid and cyclophosphamide.
Multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) is an uncommon and often incurable lymphoproliferative disorder. There has been some recent evidence that rare cases of MCD manifest diffuse lung involvement, but the features in these cases are not well characterized. We report just such a biopsy-proven case of MCD with typical laboratory abnormalities including serum interleukin-6 elevation and characteristic high-resolution CT findings. Immunopathologically, the features of the lung tissue resembled those of lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia with predominant infiltration of B cells and plasma cells. In addition, the abnormal appearance of B cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was of diagnostic value. Although MCD is often refractory to treatment including corticosteroid, chemo- and immuno-therapy, we show successful treatment with corticosteroid and cyclophosphamide and 4 years of complete remission. (+info)
Very severe aplastic anemia appearing after thymectomy.
Aplastic anemia is a rare complication of thymoma and is extremely infrequent after thymectomy. We present a case of a 60-year-old woman with very severe aplastic anemia appearing sixteen months after thymectomy for a thymoma. She underwent thymectomy for a thymoma in April 2000. Preoperative examination revealed no hematologic abnormality. About sixteen months after the operation, she was readmitted because of pancytopenia with cough and fever. Bone marrow aspiration revealed a very severe hypoplasia in all the three cell lines with over 80% fatty tissue, and chest CT revealed no recurrence of thymoma. Her aplastic anemia had responded to cyclosporine A and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). (+info)
Extension of adrenocortical carcinoma into the right atrium--echocardiographic diagnosis: a case report.
BACKGROUND: Adrenocortical carcinoma is a rare, highly malignant tumor. Cardiac involvement of the tumor is very rare. Echocardiography facilitates the evaluation of the cardiac involvement of the tumor. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a patient with an adrenal tumor. Transthoracic echo showed its extension into the right atrium. Accordingly, a combined abdominal and cardiac operation was performed, monitored by transesophageal echocardiography. CONCLUSION: This case highlights the importance of echocardiography in revealing the cardiac involvement by this tumor and in planning the operative procedure. (+info)
Itraconazole to prevent fungal infections in chronic granulomatous disease.
BACKGROUND: Chronic granulomatous disease is a rare disorder in which the phagocytes fail to produce hydrogen peroxide. The patients are predisposed to bacterial and fungal infections. Prophylactic antibiotics and interferon gamma have reduced bacterial infections, but there is also the danger of life-threatening fungal infections. We assessed the efficacy of itraconazole as prophylaxis against serious fungal infections in chronic granulomatous disease. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients at least 5 years old (6 female and 33 male; mean age, 14.9 years) were enrolled in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. After the initially assigned treatment, each patient alternated between itraconazole and placebo annually. Patients 13 years of age or older and all patients weighing at least 50 kg received a single dose of 200 mg of itraconazole per day; those less than 13 years old or weighing less than 50 kg received a single dose of 100 mg per day. The primary end point was severe fungal infection, as determined by histologic results or culture. RESULTS: One patient (who had not been compliant with the treatment) had a serious fungal infection while receiving itraconazole, as compared with seven who had a serious fungal infection while receiving placebo (P=0.10). No patient receiving itraconazole but five patients receiving placebo had a superficial fungal infection. No serious toxic effects were noted, although one patient had a rash and another had elevated results on liver-function tests; both of these effects resolved with the discontinuation of itraconazole. CONCLUSIONS: Itraconazole prophylaxis appears to be an effective and well-tolerated treatment that reduces the frequency of fungal infections in chronic granulomatous disease, but monitoring for long-term toxic effects is warranted. (+info)
A rare case of pulmonary bronchogenic cyst associated with bronchial atresia in the same lobe.
A rare case of 49-year-old woman having pulmonary bronchogenic cyst associated with bronchial atresia in the same lobe was presented. The diagnosis was confirmed by aortography and operation specimen. Three-dimensional reconstructed images of computed tomography clearly demonstrated the defference between mucoid impaction of bronchial trees in the left S9 not communicating with hilar bronchus and the cyst in the left S10 oppressing surrounding vessels. (+info)
A rare localization in right-sided endocarditis diagnosed by echocardiography: a case report.
BACKGROUND: Right-sided endocarditis occurs predominantly in intravenous drug users, patients with pacemakers or central venous lines and with congenital heart diseases. The vast majority of cases involve the tricuspid valve. CASE PRESENTATION: A case of a 31-year-old woman with intravenous drug abuse who had a right-sided vegetation attached to the muscular bundle of the right ventricle is presented. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a vegetation in the right ventricular outflow tract. Transesophageal echocardiography clearly showed that the 1.8 cm vegetation was not adherent to the pulmonary valve but attached to a muscular bundle. CONCLUSIONS: Our case points to an unusual location of right-sided endocarditis in intravenous drug users. It confirms that TTE remains an easy and highly sensitive first-line examination for the diagnosis of right-sided endocarditis. (+info)
Management of Gaucher disease in a post-communist transitional health care system: Croatian experience.
AIM: To evaluate the feasibility of financing the treatment of Gaucher disease with recombinant human imiglucerase in the Croatian health care system. METHODS: Treatment with enzyme replacement therapy of 5 patients with Gaucher disease was started on January 2001. In 4 patients the typical signs of Gaucher disease (organomegaly, bone changes, anemia, and thrombocytopenia) were documented at the time of diagnosis. One patient received bone marrow stem cell transplant as treatment for acute myeloid leukemia from a HLA-matching sibling with Gaucher disease. All patients underwent therapy with imiglucerase (Cerezyme) infusion every 14 days. The outcome and actual cost of the treatment were followed during 12 months. RESULTS: After 3 months of therapy, hemoglobin rose above low normal range in 2 patients. After 6 months, 3 patients had platelet count above 100x10(9)/L, and bone pain crises completely disappeared in patients with severe bone involvement. After 12 months, normal blood counts were restored in all patients. At the same time point, bone destruction remained unchanged in 3 patients and showed marked improvement in one. In agreement with the Ministry of Health, the Croatian Institute for Health Insurance restructured its funds and established a special "Fund for expensive drugs." This fund covers the treatment costs for patients with Gaucher disease (approximately 150,000 per patient per year) as well as the cost of treatment for patients with Fabry disease, AIDS, adenosine deaminase deficiency, multiple sclerosis, chronic myeloid leukemia, juvenile arthritis, and ovarian cancer. CONCLUSION: Collaboration of the institutions in a post-communist transition health care system can provide an effective model for financing expensive treatment for patients with rare diseases in a resource-poor health system. (+info)