• Genes
  • Moreover, phylogenetic analyses of available HMG-CoA reductase sequences also suggested that the lineages of S. pombe and S. cerevisiae diverged approximately 420 million years ago but that the duplication event that produced two HMG-CoA reductase genes in the budding yeast occurred only approximately 56 million years ago. (harvard.edu)
  • A large-scale application of SGA in which ~130 query genes were crossed to the set of ~5000 viable deletion mutants in yeast revealed a genetic network containing ~1000 genes and ~4000 SSL interactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • gene
  • Results showed that most yeast cells over expressing GbKTN1 gene were elongated dramatically with an average length increase of 2.18 times than that of the non-induced cells. (springer.com)
  • model organism
  • Budding yeast have been a powerful model organism to study this process and has shown that dynein is targeted to plus ends of astral microtubules and delivered to the cell cortex via an offloading mechanism. (wikipedia.org)
  • organisms
  • Yeasts are unicellular organisms which evolved from multicellular ancestors, with some species having the ability to develop multicellular characteristics by forming strings of connected budding cells known as pseudohyphae or false hyphae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yeast microbes are probably one of the earliest domesticated organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1680, Dutch naturalist Anton van Leeuwenhoek first microscopically observed yeast, but at the time did not consider them to be living organisms, but rather globular structures. (wikipedia.org)
  • hyphae
  • In 1907, Lindner discovered Endomyces fibuliger, a filamentous and ascopore-forming yeast that he observed to generate septate hyphae (hyphae that possess a septa that divides their cells) with many branches in addition to undergoing budding. (wikipedia.org)
  • protein
  • Yeast dynein can walk along microtubules without detaching, however in metazoans, cytoplasmic dynein must be activated by the binding of dynactin, another multisubunit protein that is essential for mitosis, and a cargo adaptor. (wikipedia.org)
  • reductase
  • The amino acid sequences of yeast and human HMG-CoA reductase were highly divergent in the membrane domains, but were extensively conserved in the catalytic domains. (harvard.edu)
  • meiosis
  • MUS81 is a component of a minor chromosomal crossover (CO) pathway in the meiosis of budding yeast, plants and vertebrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fermentation
  • In 1857, French microbiologist Louis Pasteur proved in the paper "Mémoire sur la fermentation alcoolique" that alcoholic fermentation was conducted by living yeasts and not by a chemical catalyst. (wikipedia.org)
  • generate
  • Yeasts have recently been used to generate electricity in microbial fuel cells, and produce ethanol for the biofuel industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • Even the morphology of some yeast cells appeared irregularly. (springer.com)
  • 1. We used 11 different inhibitors of energy conservation as inhibitors of ATPase (adenosine triphosphatase) in extracts of Schizosaccharomyces pombe obtained from cells at different stages of the cell cycle. (biochemj.org)
  • found
  • RevCen is a family of non-coding RNA found in Schizosaccharomyces. (wikipedia.org)
  • Archaeologists digging in Egyptian ruins found early grinding stones and baking chambers for yeast-raised bread, as well as drawings of 4,000-year-old bakeries and breweries. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Most yeasts reproduce asexually by mitosis, and many do so by the asymmetric division process known as budding. (wikipedia.org)
  • grow
  • Due to the defect in the respiratory chain, 'petite' yeast are unable to grow on media containing only non-fermentable carbon sources (such as glycerol or ethanol) and form small colonies when grown in the presence of fermentable carbon sources (such as glucose). (wikipedia.org)
  • Yeasts are chemoorganotrophs, as they use organic compounds as a source of energy and do not require sunlight to grow. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most yeasts grow best in a neutral or slightly acidic pH environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yeasts vary in regard to the temperature range in which they grow best. (wikipedia.org)