• METHODS
  • METHODS The study subjects comprised children born at the district hospital in Ifakara, Tanzania during a 1 year period who were participating in a trial of iron supplementation and malaria chemoprophylaxis during the first year of life and followed for up to 4 years. (bmj.com)
  • Cohort
  • We examined the shape and size of association between determinants of fetal growth, size at birth, growth in infancy, and adult systolic and diastolic blood pressure at 31 years in the prospective northern Finnish 1966 birth cohort of 5960 participants. (ahajournals.org)
  • We report the association of adult SBP and diastolic BP (DBP) with determinants of fetal growth, 28 size at birth, and growth in infancy and examine whether these associations were modified by factors such as current body size or socioeconomic status (SES) in extensive prospective data from the fetal period until 31 years from the Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort (NFBC 1966). (ahajournals.org)
  • The present study is based on the GERDA project, a population-based cohort study of people aged a parts per thousand yen85 years (n = 567), with 5 years between baseline and follow-up. (diva-portal.org)
  • Prenatal
  • BACKGROUND A study was undertaken to assess the interactions between prenatal exposures, early life infections, atopic predisposition, and allergen exposures in the development of wheezing up to the age of 4 years in a tropical region of Africa. (bmj.com)
  • 95%CI: 1.31-3.38) groups after adjusting for prenatal factors. (uva.nl)
  • Baseline
  • 6-year follow-up study that included 1711 subjects (aged 32 5 years) who had carotid artery distensibility (Cdist) measured at baseline (in 2001) and at follow-up (in 2007). (edu.au)
  • In a multivariable model, baseline age (β SEM = −0.024 0.003, P P = 0.005) were associated with 6-year change in Cdist. (edu.au)
  • Study
  • K. Mansori, H. Soori, F. Farnaghi, S. Khodakarim, S. Mansouri hanis, and M. Khodadost, "A case-control study on risk factors for unintentional childhood poisoning in Tehran," Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran , pp. 30-355, 2016. (hindawi.com)
  • A 42 years prospective follow-up study in a general population. (uio.no)
  • A 42 year follow-up study in a general population. (uio.no)
  • Ageing, physical activity and mortality - a 42 year follow-up study. (uio.no)
  • The aims of this study were to (1) identify the distribution of internalising and externalising behaviours in Pacific Island children at 11- years-of-age, (2) isolate the social factors associated with internalising and externalising behaviours at 11-years of age, and (3) explore the relationships between family, childhood and socio-economic factors to determine whether specific combinations of factors potentially have a greater effect on behaviour. (researchgateway.ac.nz)
  • The study also established that there were specific combinations of factors that had cumulatively greater significance on children's internalising and externalising behaviours. (researchgateway.ac.nz)
  • This study has successfully identified the distribution of internalising and externalising behaviours (measured as scores) in Pacific Island children at 11 years, old and isolated the social factors associated with internalising and externalising behaviours. (researchgateway.ac.nz)
  • Cases comprised 338 children under 5 presenting with a scald, and 1438 control participants matched on age, sex, date of event and study centre. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • The study objective was to identify factors related to the number of WBVs received by Medicaid-enrolled infants in the first three years of life and to present a preliminary explanatory model. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Therefore, the purpose of this study was to use the Ecologic Model of Sedentary Behavior as a guide to examine associations between intrapersonal, interpersonal, and physical environment factors within the home setting and screen time among pre-school children. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The present study aims to identify risk factors for depressive disorders in very old age. (diva-portal.org)
  • This cross-sectional study was performed on 300 men over 50 years of age in Hamadan, selected by cluster sampling method. (ac.ir)
  • occur
  • Infections with Meningococcus (the most dangerous of the bacterial infections) occur throughout the year, with peaks in the incidence starting in May through to August and September. (wdmac.com)
  • While falling can occur at any time and by any means in the workplace, these factors have been known to cause same-level falls, which are less likely to occur than falls to a lower level. (wikipedia.org)
  • largely
  • The remaining differences were largely accounted for by weight gain during the first 6 months of life (postnatal factor). (uva.nl)
  • Emotional suffering in old age is largely caused by a variety of psychiatric disorders which are often, however, undertreated and underrecognized. (diva-portal.org)
  • differences
  • The differences related to age are statistically significant ( P = 0.008). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Little is known about whether such differences already exist at an early age and which factors contribute to these ethnic differences. (uva.nl)
  • associations
  • Multivariate logistic-regression analyses were performed to evaluate the associations of potential risk factors with severe- Ap CAP. (biomedcentral.com)
  • For this thesis, a cross sectional design is used to examine the associations between children's internalising and externalising behaviour and family circumstances and other variables that have been collected at the 11-year phase (Domholdt, 2005). (researchgateway.ac.nz)
  • Physical
  • From May to September, 2011, parents completed a questionnaire regarding several intrapersonal (child demographics), interpersonal (family demographics, parental cognitions, parental behavior), and physical environment (television, computer, or video games in the bedroom) factors within the home setting. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Several intrapersonal, interpersonal, and physical environment factors within the home setting were associated with screen time. (biomedcentral.com)
  • people
  • In the developing world it affects 4.6% of people between the ages of 45 to 50 and 15% of people between the ages of 85 to 90. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nearly two million people every year suffer sports-related injuries and receive treatment in emergency departments. (wikipedia.org)
  • in 2004, working in France with employed people over the age of 50. (wikipedia.org)
  • These tumors often afflict people during their prime years. (wikipedia.org)
  • months
  • From this group of subjects, 658 (79%) participated in the interview at 18 months and 528 (64%) in a second interview at 4 years. (bmj.com)
  • Total IgE was also measured at 18 months of age. (bmj.com)
  • Indoor environmental levels of Der p I and Fel d I were determined using an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay at the same time as the interview at the age of 18 months. (bmj.com)
  • A small number of children have CP as the result of brain damage in the first few months or years of life, brain infections such as bacterial meningitis or viral encephalitis, or head injury from a motor vehicle accident, a fall, or child abuse. (wdmac.com)
  • From October 2012 to February 2013, we conducted a 2-stage cluster sampling survey of persons aged 18 months to 64 years in 9 geographic regions in Kenya. (cdc.gov)
  • In these cases, untreated survival usually amounts to only a few months, and survival with current radiation and chemotherapy treatments may extend that time from around a year to a year and a half, possibly two or more, depending on the patient's condition, immune function, treatments used, and the specific type of malignant brain neoplasm. (wikipedia.org)
  • episodes
  • In Vietnam, community-based studies suggest that every child younger than five years suffers 5 to 8 episodes of acute respiratory infections annually [ 2 ], while hospital-based investigations indicate that 35-50% of all pediatric patients are hospitalized due to pneumonia. (biomedcentral.com)
  • retrospective
  • 2,10,13,24 These have a number of potential limitations including retrospective data collection and an incomplete consideration of confounding factors operating throughout the life course. (ahajournals.org)
  • environmental
  • The theoretical framework encompassed the life course model whereby biological and environmental factors since pregnancy are hypothesized to contribute to individual disease risk, with attention focused on possible pathways through which their effects might be mediated. (ahajournals.org)
  • Accidents/Environmental factors- fall may be from stable or unstable surfaces - slipping or tripping on wet surface or ice, from stairs or rugs, and/or due improper footwear. (wikipedia.org)
  • life
  • It is widely accepted that exposure to common aeroallergens in the very early years of life is important in determining subsequent development of IgE sensitisation 16 and that IgE sensitisation is strongly linked with development of respiratory symptoms and asthma. (bmj.com)
  • risk factor
  • Moreover, our results suggest that arterial function in women may be more vulnerable to the atherogenic effects of hyperglycemia and increased risk factor burden compared to men in young adulthood. (edu.au)
  • Chewing betel, paan and Areca is known to be a strong risk factor for developing oral cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tobacco use in any form by itself, and even more so in combination with heavy alcohol consumption, continues to be an important risk factor for oral cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main risk factor is cigarette smoking. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior cranial irradiation is the only risk factor that definitely predisposes to brain tumor formation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Criteria
  • Factors associated with the development of depressive disorders according to DSM-IV criteria at follow-up were analysed by means of a multivariate logistic regression. (diva-portal.org)
  • Two criteria predicted the prognosis of patients with poor survival: Factor V level less than 20 percent of its normal value in individuals less than thirty years of age Factor V level less than 30 percent of its normal value in individuals greater than thirty years of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • main
  • Smoking, alcohol, and age (>40 years) were the main identifiable risk factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • This factor, in combination with direct tiger poaching for traditional Chinese medicine, is the main contributor in the collapse of the Indochinese tiger throughout its range. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trends
  • However, due to the current trends in the spread of HPV16, as of early 2011 the virus is now considered the primary causative factor in 63% of newly diagnosed patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • mutation
  • BRCA1/2 mutation carriers are recommended salpingectomy at around the age of 40 to decrease their risk of ovarian cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • young
  • However, tonsillectomy is still a controversial surgery as its benefits seem to be only modest and temporary in most cases, whereas there are some indications that tonsillectomy may compromise the immune system in the long run, especially when performed at a young age. (wikipedia.org)
  • affects
  • Pattern hair loss by the age of 50 affects about half of males and a quarter of females. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the developed world it affects about 5.3% of 45 to 50 years olds and 18.6% of 85- to 90-year-olds. (wikipedia.org)
  • dementia
  • The overall aim of this thesis was to add to our knowledge about threats to successful aging, by investigating the prevalences of dementia, depression and delirium, and factors associated with these three disorders. (diva-portal.org)
  • surfaces
  • Other factors include poor oral hygiene, irritation caused by ill-fitting dentures and other rough surfaces on the teeth, poor nutrition, and some chronic infections caused by fungi, bacteria or viruses. (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • Risk factors contributing to PAD are the same as those for atherosclerosis: Smoking - tobacco use in any form is the single most important modifiable cause of PAD internationally. (wikipedia.org)
  • data
  • 9 Longitudinal studies collecting data from birth have found a positive association between low respiratory tract infections (LRTI) and asthma, 10-12 a lack of association between LRTI due to syncytial virus (RSV) and wheezing at age 13, 13 and a positive association between the use of antibiotics and asthma. (bmj.com)
  • During an 8-year period, we retrospectively collected data on all travelers hospitalized in our department for a CMI occurring during travel or in the month after their return. (wdmac.com)
  • More recent data in 2011, found that STFs contributed to 14% of all workplace fatalities in the United States that year. (wikipedia.org)
  • role
  • Studies strongly suggest that genetic factors may play a role in tumor development and tumor-related epilepsy. (wikipedia.org)