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  • Medical
  • It is the thesis of this report that further improvements in the health of the American people can and will be achieved--not alone through increased medical care and greater health expenditures--but through a renewed national commitment to efforts designed to prevent disease and to promote health. (docplayer.net)
  • outcomes
  • The report provided an action agenda for countries at all stages of development, and proposed ways that the international community can better support efforts in low-income countries to achieve universal coverage and improve population health outcomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Equally aware of the many professionals, both in and out of the healthcare field, who influence health outcomes, Martin wanted to develop an event that allowed his colleagues to challenge their assumptions, broaden their perspectives and develop inter-professional relationships. (wikipedia.org)
  • governments
  • The outcome of each multi-sectoral Summit is intended to inform and influence decision-makers such as governments and supranational agencies, as recommendations for meeting future health care challenges. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the medical profession's global and authoritative voice, the WHA assists governments and national medical associations in jointly tackling health problems and improving the welfare of their citizens. (wikipedia.org)
  • The report advocated that major improvements in health for all were within reach, and that progress depended on collaboration among governments, international institutions, the private sector and civil society to build stronger health systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • The theme of World Health Day 2011, marked on 7 April 2011, was "Antimicrobial resistance and its global spread" and focused on the need for governments and stakeholders to implement the policies and practices needed to prevent and counter the emergence of highly resistant microorganisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • WHO also sends doctors and other health professionals to UNHCR operations and supports the refugee agency, governments, and other institutions in the co-ordination of humanitarian health programmes. (unhcr.org)
  • The two organisations jointly consult with host governments and donors to determine health measures for beneficiaries within the context of ongoing national development efforts. (unhcr.org)
  • Under the theme "Combat Drug Resistance", WHO calls for urgent and concerted action by governments, health professionals, industry and civil society and patients to slow down the spread of drug resistance, limit its impact today and preserve medical advances for future generations. (who.int)
  • On this World Health Day, WHO is issuing a policy package to get everyone, especially governments and their drug regulatory systems, on the right track, with the right measures, quickly," said Dr Chan. (who.int)
  • New collaborations, led by governments working alongside civil society and health professionals, if accountable, can halt the public health threat of drug resistance. (who.int)
  • Although governments need to take the lead and develop national policies to combat drug resistance, health professionals, civil society and other groups can also make important contributions. (who.int)
  • EMRO aims to work with local governments, specialized agencies, partners and other stakeholders in the field of public health to develop health policies and strengthen national health systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • healthcare
  • In the late 1990s, IMA World Health expanded its efforts to include the management of healthcare service projects in developing nations. (wikipedia.org)
  • At present, more than half of the world's population is not receiving proper medical care, therefore the organizers of the World Health Summit see their mission as improving healthcare worldwide and promoting equitable access to medication and prevention. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over the past nine years, the WHPA has taken active and leading roles in fostering patient safety, advocating a positive practice environment in the health care setting, human resource issues, regulation of the health professions, human rights in medicine, producing a core competency framework for international health consultants and discussing the future of healthcare. (wikipedia.org)
  • and develop interprofessional relations between future healthcare professionals as well as amongst students whose fields of expertise play a role in health policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, the conference hopes to: Develop interprofessional relations between future healthcare professionals as well as among students whose fields of expertise play a role in health policy Inform and raise awareness about global health issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • WHITIA announced strategic partners including SEDECAL, Carestream Health and Merge Healthcare, receiving extensive coverage in Health IT magazines and publications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Universal Health Coverage
  • She announced the emergence of global action plans for noncommunicable diseases, mental health, and the prevention of avoidable blindness and visual impairment calling for a life-course approach which includes "equity through universal health coverage," preventive strategies and "integrated service delivery. (wikipedia.org)
  • care
  • This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, and the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products. (who.int)
  • World TB Day celebrated on 24 March each year, is an opportunity to raise awareness about the burden of tuberculosis (TB) worldwide and the status of TB prevention and care efforts. (who.int)
  • Together they decided on further strategies to improve vaccination coverage among adolescents, adults, vulnerable population groups and health-care workers. (who.int)
  • IMA's stated purpose is to "provide health care…without bias, to vulnerable and marginalized people in the developing world. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Summit is a health care conference on global health policy development. (wikipedia.org)
  • The founders recognized that whilst similar gatherings of leaders were well established in fields such as economic development and technology, a global forum did not exist for medical practice, research and health care systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Summit seeks to actively address these challenges by bringing together stakeholders from research, education, clinical care and many other disciplines to jointly develop strategies to tackle these major health care issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Report 2013 focuses on the importance of research in advancing progress towards universal health care coverage - in other words, full access to high-quality services for prevention, treatment and financial risk protection. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Report 2010 focused on the topic of universal health care coverage, and how countries can modify their financing systems to move towards this goal. (wikipedia.org)
  • The theme of the World Health Report 2008 was the renewal of primary health care, and the need for health systems to respond better and faster to the health care challenges of a changing world. (wikipedia.org)
  • The report said that reducing this toll in line with the Millennium Development Goals would depend largely on every mother and every child having the right to access to health care from pregnancy through childbirth, the neonatal period and childhood. (wikipedia.org)
  • The day was also meant to celebrate individual health workers - the people who provide health care to those who need it, in other words those at the heart of health systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • For this year's World Health Day campaign, WHO and international partners underscored the importance of investing in health infrastructure that can withstand hazards and serve people in immediate need, and urged health facilities to implement systems to respond to internal emergencies, such as fires, and ensure the continuity of care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health professionals can help rapidly reduce the spread of infection in health care facilities. (who.int)
  • Collectively, the world has failed to handle these fragile cures with appropriate care. (who.int)
  • Attracting students from the fields of health care, political science and international development from universities and colleges all over North America, the aim of MonWHO is to raise political awareness and involvement around issues of global health. (wikipedia.org)
  • MonWHO 2014: Access to Health Care. (wikipedia.org)
  • antimicrobial
  • On World Health Day 2011, WHO called for intensified global commitment to safeguard antimicrobial medicines for future generations. (wikipedia.org)
  • In several parts of the world, more than 50% in tonnage of all antimicrobial production is used in food-producing animals. (who.int)
  • practice
  • Immunization in practice: a practical guide for health staff - 2015 update. (who.int)
  • It aims to give public health policy and practice guidance based on the best evidence available, while encouraging closer links between scientific investigation and the art of helping populations to lead healthier lives. (wikipedia.org)
  • jointly
  • Professor Dr João Gabriel Silva, Rector of the University of Coimbra, and Professor Dr Fernando Regateiro, Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Coimbra University Hospitals, will jointly act as International President for the tenth World Health Summit, to be held in Berlin October 14-16, 2018. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2016
  • In 2016, EWH launched an open-source digital library for BMETs, with the goal of facilitating and fostering information exchange among engineers and technicians around the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the World Malaria Report 2016, there were 212 million cases of malaria globally in 2015 (uncertainty range 148-304 million) and 429 000 malaria deaths (range 235 000-639 000), representing a decrease in malaria cases and deaths of 22% and 50% since 2000, respectively. (who.int)
  • Ministry of Hea
  • Through a three to four year curriculum tailored to each country's needs, EWH works with a local educational institution and Ministry of Health to train BMETs to international standards, train local teachers to carry on the program in the long term, and establish a permanent, accredited BMET training program. (wikipedia.org)
  • Minister
  • Traditionally, the German Federal Minister of Health attends the World Health Summit and holds a keynote in its opening ceremony. (wikipedia.org)
  • Addis Ababa - Joy Phumaphi met with Commissioner Bience Philomina Gawanas, African Union Commissioner for Social Affiars, and Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Ethiopia's Health Minister. (who.int)
  • public
  • according to national public health authorities, these have caused 31 deaths in Romania, 1 death in Germany and another in Portugal. (who.int)
  • WHO selected this theme in recognition that climate change is posing ever growing threats to global public health security. (wikipedia.org)
  • Often, already fragile health systems are unable to keep functioning through a disaster, with immediate and future public health consequences. (wikipedia.org)
  • The global goals of the campaign were: 1000 cities: to open up public spaces to health, whether it be activities in parks, town hall meetings, clean-up campaigns, or closing off portions of streets to motorized vehicles. (wikipedia.org)
  • WHO will focus on regulatory processes for commodities, support prequalification of medicines and other health supplies, and contribute to negotiations of public sector price for these commodities. (who.int)
  • The appointment address praised Mugabe for his commitment to public health in Zimbabwe. (wikipedia.org)
  • The naming attracted widespread condemnation in WHO member states and international organisations due to Mugabe's poor record on human rights and presiding over a decline in Zimbabwe's public health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Public health round-up" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • advocates
  • The report advocates for increased international and national investment in research aimed specifically at improving coverage of health services within and between countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • MonWHO also served as the official meeting spot for the Global Health Advocates of the Canadian Federation of Medical Students (CFMS) for 2009 and 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • Framework
  • The World Health Report 2000 introduced a conceptual framework and measurement approach to examine and compare aspects of health systems around the world, and better understand the complex factors that explain how health systems perform. (wikipedia.org)
  • aims
  • Kids for World Health (KFWH) aims to cover all aspects of the control and elimination of Sleeping Sickness, Trypanosomiasis, Buruli Ulcer, Chagas Disease, and Leishmaniasis/Kala Azar. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coverage
  • Working closely with health authorities in all European affected countries is our priority to control the outbreaks and maintain high vaccination coverage for all sections of the population. (who.int)
  • However, remaining pockets of low immunization coverage allow the highly contagious virus to spread among those who choose not to vaccinate, do not have equitable access to vaccines or cannot be protected through vaccination due to underlying health conditions. (who.int)
  • Examples of required research include medical research, or investigating the causes of ill-health and the interventions needed to improve health and wellbeing, as well as health services research, focusing on how to expand service coverage and reduce inequities in coverage. (wikipedia.org)
  • policy
  • It serves as a representative body for physicians worldwide, developing health policy, advancing continuing education programs, and speaking as a unified voice for medicine in international advocacy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main purpose of the WHR is to provide policymakers, donor agencies, international organizations and others with the information they need to help them make appropriate health policy and funding decisions. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the world's highest health policy setting body and is composed of health ministers from member states. (wikipedia.org)
  • Provide a means for students to gain awareness of the proactive role they can have in international health policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Develop policy statements and contribute to the local, national and international discussions on global health policy. (wikipedia.org)
  • national
  • For individual queries about travel, refer to national or specialised websites, ministries of health, travel clinics or practitioners. (who.int)
  • The report laid out a ten-year action plan for building national health workforces through better training, recruitment and management processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The report provided an assessment of the performance of national health systems for all countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, the two UN agencies agreed to anticipate and address the health needs of refugees both at the national and international level by working closely with non-governmental organisations and other groups. (unhcr.org)
  • However, other national languages such as Persian, Urdu, Dari, Pashto and Somali are also used in communicating health messages and delivering health programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • global
  • The theme "protecting health from climate change" put health at the centre of the global dialogue about climate change. (wikipedia.org)
  • At a time of multiple calamities in the world, we cannot allow the loss of essential medicines - essential cures for many millions of people - to become the next global crisis. (who.int)
  • Acquaint students with the role of the WHO in global health issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Annual Global Health Fair that features NGOs, student groups and projects currently being conducted in the field Provides opportunity to meet delegates from across the country, of all ages and from all disciplines of study and acts as an international platform for students from all disciplines across the country to debate about pressing issues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Participants would assume the role of a country's ambassador to the WHO and work with their peers to develop resolution papers that address global health problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since its inception, MonWHO has been hosted with the support of the McGill International Health Initiative (MIHI), the student branch of McGill's Global Health Program. (wikipedia.org)
  • Global Community: The Role of International Organizations in the Making of the Contemporary World. (wikipedia.org)
  • organizations
  • The International Health Conference met between 19 June and 22 July 1946, attended by representatives of all 51 members of the UN, 13 non-member countries, 3 Allied Commission and 10 international organizations. (wikipedia.org)
  • diseases
  • WHO has established many initiatives to understand and address drug resistance over the last decade, particularly in relation to some of the world's most deadly infectious diseases," said Dr Mario Raviglione, Director of WHO Stop TB Department, who has been leading the preparations for World Health Day 2011. (who.int)
  • The infographic "Vector-borne diseases", created for World Health Day 2014, highlights a number of measures people can take to protect themselves from vector-borne diseases. (who.int)
  • Working with investigators at the university and with collaborators from around the world, the Center's primary mission is to discover and enable clinical development of affordable new medicines for unmet medical needs with an emphasis on orphan diseases, neglected diseases, and diseases of poverty. (wikipedia.org)
  • international health
  • It is expected that anyone, with a professional or personal interest in international health issues, will be able to read and take use of it. (wikipedia.org)
  • The report described how the new International Health Regulations help countries to work together to identify risks and act to contain and control them. (wikipedia.org)
  • In her address to the 66th WHA in May 2013, WHO Director-General Margaret Chan traced a brief history of revisions to the International Health Regulations following the SARS outbreak in 2002-3, the "first severe new disease of the 21st century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Preparedness and quick response improve international health security. (wikipedia.org)
  • It similarly passed a declaration that an international health body would be set up, co-authored by Brazil and China. (wikipedia.org)
  • crisis
  • In 2006, World Health Day was devoted to the health workforce crisis, or chronic shortages of health workers around the world due to decades of underinvestment in their education, training, salaries, working environment and management. (wikipedia.org)
  • systems
  • Solving bottlenecks in these areas would radically help country health systems function better, enabling more people have access to vital health services. (who.int)
  • report
  • The World Health Report 2005 focused on the fact that almost 11 million children under five years of age die annually from causes that are largely preventable, and another half a million women die in pregnancy, childbirth or soon after. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World health report 2002 described the amount of disease, disability and death in the world that could be attributed to a selected number of the most important risks to human health. (wikipedia.org)
  • She attributed the positive report by the World Health Statistics (May 2013) on dramatic improvement in health in the world's poorest countries from 1993-2013, to the emphasis placed on poverty alleviation by the Millennium Development Goals. (wikipedia.org)
  • rapidly
  • The microbes which adapt and survive carry genes for resistance, which can be passed on from one person to another and rapidly spread around the world. (who.int)
  • vulnerable
  • Health centres and staff are critical lifelines for vulnerable people in disasters - treating injuries, preventing illnesses and caring for people's health needs. (wikipedia.org)
  • seeks
  • The WHA seeks to achieve optimal health for all people across borders, uniting the medical field to harness the collective expertise and power of its members. (wikipedia.org)
  • climate change
  • In 2008, World Health Day focused on the need to protect health from the adverse effects of climate change and establish links between climate change and health and other development areas such as environment, food, energy, transport. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • Here at ARKive, we decided to find out more about the links between species and human health, and show you just how important the conservation of biodiversity is to the advancement of medical science. (enn.com)
  • Collaboration between human and animal health and agriculture professionals is also vital, as the use of antibiotics in food animal production contributes to increased drug resistance. (who.int)
  • infection
  • Early diagnosis can prevent health problems that may result from infection and prevent transmission of the virus. (who.int)
  • collaboration
  • One in every four couples in developing countries had been found to be affected by infertility, when an evaluation of responses from women in Demographic and Health Surveys from 1990 was completed in collaboration with WHO in 2004. (who.int)
  • Medical
  • It is the thesis of this report that further improvements in the health of the American people can and will be achieved--not alone through increased medical care and greater health expenditures--but through a renewed national commitment to efforts designed to prevent disease and to promote health. (docplayer.net)
  • outcomes
  • Dr Wyrwoll comments, "We know that early life environment can be a powerful determinant of health outcomes in offspring and, although this is a rat study, these data indicate that vitamin D levels during pregnancy are important for brain development, and may point to a contributing factor in the development of neurodevelopmental conditions, such as ASD. (eurekalert.org)
  • High work intensity coupled with multitasking and time poverty has a negative correlation with health outcomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • outbreak
  • At least 65 people are confirmed to have died in a nearly five-month-old cholera outbreak in Kenya, with infections also continuing to rise in the capital Nairobi, health officials said Wednesday…" (5/20). (kff.org)
  • He had to resort to subterfuge to join the army at the outbreak of the Second World War. (wikipedia.org)
  • 3 March 1882 - 26 July 1941) was a Polish mathematician, scholar, diplomat and politician who served as 15th, 17th and 19th Prime Minister of Poland three times between 1926 and 1930 and the Senator of Poland from 1937 until the outbreak of World War II. (wikipedia.org)
  • poverty
  • Moreover, the effects of bombing, razzias, deportation, poverty, the lack of social services and health care, the famine and all of its concomitant scenes of survival of the fittest - at the cost of others - were all visible on the streets. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are many aspects to work intensity including multitasking, time poverty, health implications, and policy considerations. (wikipedia.org)
  • care
  • We care about our clients' health and well-being, which is a keystone to our organization. (comunicati.net)
  • May get confused about health care firms can concentrate more on administration in california or as the 'calories out' then you will need to do research online. (shubertmotors.com)
  • real viagra pills cheapest, online dostinex fastest shipping, candian health care mall Kennewick. (imt-gaming.com)
  • The software was used not only by individuals, but also in the business world, such as in the instance of workers in the health care field who needed instant access to documents stored by co-workers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nursing was not an established part of Japan's health care system until 1899 with the adoption of the Midwives Ordinance. (wikipedia.org)
  • During World War II the Public Health Nurse Ordinance (1941) and National Medical Care Act (1942) were passed and re-affirmed in 1948 with passage of the Public Health Nurses, Midwives and Nurses Act. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multitasking is the overlap of many activities, usually care and informal work, that negatively impacts the livelihood of people, especially women, in the developing world. (wikipedia.org)
  • These colleges are the College of the Arts and Sports, College of Christian Ministries, College of Communication, College of Counseling and Health Care, College of Education, College of Humanities and International Studies, and the College of Science and Technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Toxic
  • The U.N. independent expert on the implications for human rights of the environmentally sound management and disposal of hazardous substances and wastes today urged the World Health Organization to 'play a much larger, more active role' in protecting people from the negative impacts of toxic pollution…" (5/20). (kff.org)
  • team
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) [Wednesday] reported 'a substantial increase' in the weekly total of new Ebola cases in Guinea and Sierra Leone and deployed a response team to the border with Guinea-Bissau because of its proximity to a recent cluster of cases in a neighboring Guinean prefecture…" (5/20). (kff.org)
  • Asha's luck came when Samuel Siriria Leadismo, the Director of Pastoralist Child Foundation and his team visited her village, creating awareness about female genital mutilation (FGM) and sexual reproductive health. (asafeworldforwomen.org)
  • At the end of 1988, former World Champion Hennie Kuiper set up a German cycling team that was sponsored by the city of Stuttgart and rode on Eddy Merckx cycles. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1994, Zabel won the first UCI Road World Cup victory in the history of the team, the Paris-Tours. (wikipedia.org)
  • work
  • The world of nature has also been a powerful source of inspiration, with well-publicised work on intelligent horsemanship and the lessons it offers for the workplace, and profiling management and leadership styles using animal behaviour. (wikipedia.org)
  • human
  • Where natural conditions could completely overload the power cuts as lines came down, some of the insurance agent directory covers practically all spheres of human health insurance. (shubertmotors.com)
  • The report was released jointly by Human Rights Watch and the Safeguarding Health in Conflict coalition as health ministers met in Geneva for the World Health Assembly, the World Health Organization's decision-making body…" (Cumming-Bruce, 5/20). (kff.org)
  • Due to the close contact between camels and their human handlers in much of the world, it is believed that Camelpox is transmitted to humans via direct contact. (wikipedia.org)
  • workers
  • Health workers, patients, and medical facilities have come under attack in 17 countries since the start of 2014, a coalition of 24 nongovernmental organizations said in a report released Wednesday that urged a greater international effort to protect health services. (kff.org)
  • Society
  • In 1946, the Japanese Nursing Association was created, merging the Japanese Midwife Society, Japanese Public Health Nurses Association and the Nursing Association of the Japanese Empire into one umbrella organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • In recognition of his contributions to world science, the Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management Society (AEHMS) established a J. R. Vallentyne Lecture Series in 1997 at its biennial conferences which are delivered by distinguished scientists. (wikipedia.org)
  • treatment
  • Kathryn Orme writes a blog called Strength through Infertility In our chat we talk on the difficult journey Kathryn has been on with her mental health, the impact of her infertility from failed cycles of fertility treatment. (thefertilitypodcast.com)
  • The JRC Nurses' training program required three years of study with the first year dedicated to theory, including courses on anatomy, bandaging, disinfection, hygiene, instruments, women's health, obstetrics, as well as basic assistance of surgery and health treatment and the latter two years involved in practical training. (wikipedia.org)
  • child
  • 2015), was a controversial decision of the Federal Circuit in which the court applied the Mayo v. Prometheus test to invalidate as patent-ineligible a patent said to "solve[ ] a very practical problem accessing fetal DNA without creating a major health risk for the unborn child. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • The liquid supplement consists of sunflower oil, lemon oil, and vitamin E. Vitamin E is a highly effective antioxidant which can help protect the body against free radicals such as environmental pollutants and has amazing benefits of maintaining skin health. (comunicati.net)
  • disease
  • A crow that dropped out of the sky into the driveway of Crescenta Valley Town Council Mayor Grace Andrus' home the evening of June 26 was infected with the disease, according to the Los Angeles County Public Health Department. (glendalenewspress.com)
  • South Korean health officials have confirmed the country's second case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) in a patient who nursed her infected husband before he was diagnosed with the disease after a trip to Bahrain…" (Cho, 5/20). (kff.org)
  • account
  • Providers must follow federal and state bank account possessors aged 18-55 years, along with the health factor. (shubertmotors.com)
  • Edward Seago relinquished his Commission on account of ill-health whilst serving as a War Substantive Captain and was granted the honorary rank of Major on 16 October 1944. (wikipedia.org)
  • Countries
  • The University of the Nations (U of N) is a Christian university with branches in 600 locations in 142 countries, providing programs in over 100 languages around the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • year
  • In 2009, the Public Health Nurses, Midwives and Nurses Act was amended allowing those who had graduated from a 4-year college to be eligible to take the nursing examination, revising course requirements, and making newly-graduated training mandatory for nursing personnel. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following year this race was elevated to the status of World Cup. (wikipedia.org)
  • support
  • The 1997 Tour de France saw the emergence of Ullrich as he won the race with support from Riis, who in turn had won the World Cup race, Amstel Gold Race earlier in 1997. (wikipedia.org)
  • medical
  • On 17 April 2015, Rickards co-presented Taking Tough Decisions: A Creative Problem-Solving Approach with Dr Rebecca Baron (Associate Dean General Practice Health Education North West) at the Fifth National Medical Leadership conference at the Macron Stadium, Bolton. (wikipedia.org)
  • University
  • In July 2016, UNZA divided the School of Medicine into four stand-alone schools, namely: (1) University of Zambia School of Medicine (2) University of Zambia School of Health Sciences (3) University of Zambia School of Nursing and (4) University of Zambia School of Public Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • As other locations were established around the world, PACU was renamed the University of the Nations in 1989. (wikipedia.org)
  • life
  • Contact with the underprivileged and the disabled: Schreurs' life spanned the Great Depression of the 1930s and World War II. (wikipedia.org)
  • Psychological realism: Schreurs' life spanned not only political and economic upheaval, but also a turbulent period in the Dutch art world. (wikipedia.org)