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  • Affective
  • The Pseudobulbar affect, also referred to as emotional lability, should not be confused with labile mood or labile emotions that stem from emotional instability - affective dysregulation - commonly seen in personality disorders, such as borderline personality disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term "affect" is central to what has become known as the "affective turn" in the humanities and social sciences. (wikipedia.org)
  • A monohierarchy of perception, affect and cognition considers the roles of arousal, attentional tendencies, affective primacy , evolutionary constraints , and covert perception within the sensing and processing of preferences and discrimination. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Affective Slider is an empirically-validated digital scale for the self-assessment of affect composed of two slider controls that measure basic emotions in terms of pleasure and arousal, which constitute a bidimensional emotional space called core affect, that can be used to map more complex conscious emotional states. (wikipedia.org)
  • One frequently used measure for general affective states is the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). (wikipedia.org)
  • The affect heuristic gained early attention in 1980 when Robert B. Zajonc argued that affective reactions to stimuli are often the first reaction which occur automatically and subsequently influencing the way in which we process and judge information. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been argued by researchers that people use affect heuristics as a first response to an issue, they rely on spontaneous affective reactions which make it more efficient than having to research and analyze external information. (wikipedia.org)
  • variations in AC can be described as follows: "At low levels these scales indicate poor awareness and recognition of affects, a tendency for being overwhelmed by, unable to cope with and unable to decode meaningful information from affect activation, along with disavowal and shutdown of bodily expressive acts and inability to articulate and express semantic descriptions of affective experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • Finally, high levels are characterized by capacity for focused and flexible awareness of nuances specific to different contexts and affect intensities, distinct openness to affective activation and its motivating and regulating functions, along with explicit reflection about the information inherent in the affect with its meanings and consequences for one's understanding of both self and others. (wikipedia.org)
  • In control theory, affect control theory proposes that individuals maintain affective meanings through their actions and interpretations of events. (wikipedia.org)
  • A stable affective meaning derived either from personal experience or from cultural inculcation is called a sentiment, or fundamental affective meaning, in affect control theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • Affective state - Positive affect is more closely linked to heuristic processing, while negative affect is more closely associated with substantive processing. (wikipedia.org)
  • emotions
  • For Spinoza, as discussed in Parts Two and Three of his Ethics, affects are states of mind and body that are related to (but not exactly synonymous with) feelings and emotions, of which he says there are three primary kinds: pleasure or joy (laetitia), pain or sorrow (tristitia) and desire (cupiditas) or appetite. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subsequent philosophical usage by Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari and their translator Brian Massumi, while derived explicitly from Spinoza, tends to distinguish more sharply than Spinoza does between affect and what are conventionally called emotions. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Part III, "Definitions of the Emotions/Affects", Spinoza defines 48 different forms of affect, including love and hatred, hope and fear, envy and compassion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Affect differs from pathos as described by Aristotle as one of the modes of proof and pathos as described by Jasinski as an emotional appeal because it is "the response we have to things before we label that response with feelings or emotions. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Japanese and Korean, grammatical affect is conveyed both through honorific, polite, and humble language, which affects both nouns and verbal inflection, but also with clause-final particles that express a range of speaker emotions and attitudes toward what is being said. (wikipedia.org)
  • Affect theory is a theory that seeks to organize affects, sometimes used interchangeably with emotions, or subjectively experienced feelings, into discrete categories and to typify their physiological, social, interpersonal, and internalized manifestations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Besides dispositional affect, there are other concepts for expressions of emotion such as mood or discrete emotions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The strength of emotions a person feels can stem from his level of dispositional affect. (wikipedia.org)
  • In general, though emotion researchers disagree about the way that emotions and dispositional affect should be classified, a common classification of emotions assumes that each emotion is a combination of pleasantness (pleasant or unpleasant) and activation (high or low). (wikipedia.org)
  • A person with a low level of affect consciousness is expected to be unable to make sense of both his or her own feelings and the emotions of others and to have difficulties attributing causes for his or her own and others' behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Affect control theory has inspired assembly of dictionaries of EPA sentiments for thousands of concepts involved in social life - identities, behaviors, settings, personal attributes, and emotions. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to affect control theory, an event generates emotions for the individuals involved in the event by changing impressions of the individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Non-linear equations describing how transients and fundamentals combine to produce emotions have been derived in empirical studies Affect control theory's computer simulation program uses these equations to predict emotions that arise in social interaction, and displays the predictions via facial expressions that are computer drawn, as well as in terms of emotion words. (wikipedia.org)
  • It manifests as a failure to express feelings (affect display) either verbally or non-verbally, especially when talking about issues that would normally be expected to engage the emotions. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, recently, psychologists have started to focus their attention on the blunted affects and also the decrease in feeling and expressing positive emotions in PTSD patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • Blunted affect, or emotional numbness, is considered one of the consequences of PTSD because it causes a diminished interest in activities that produce pleasure (anhedonia) and produces feelings of detachment from others, restricted emotional expression and a reduced tendency to express emotions behaviorally. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fading affect bias, more commonly known as FAB, is a psychological phenomenon in which information regarding negative emotions tends to be forgotten more quickly than that associated with pleasant emotions. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this study, a retrospective procedure was put into effect, which entailed the recollection of past events as well as a rating of the emotions which the respective events prompted. (wikipedia.org)
  • Postponement of affect is a defence mechanism which may be used against a variety of feelings or emotions. (wikipedia.org)
  • one's
  • Developed by social psychologist Joseph Paul Forgas in the early 1990s, it attempts to explain how mood affects one's ability to process information. (wikipedia.org)
  • posits
  • Drawing from philosophy, some rhetorical studies of affect have followed Martin Heidegger's articulation of ''Dasein'' which posits "affect" as the ground of reason. (wikipedia.org)
  • Deleuze
  • Affect (from Latin affectus or adfectus) is a concept, used in the philosophy of Baruch Spinoza and elaborated by Henri Bergson, Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, that places emphasis on bodily or embodied experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • The terms "affect" and "affection" came to prominence in Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari's A Thousand Plateaus, the second volume of Capitalism and Schizophrenia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Affects, according to Deleuze, are not simple affections, as they are independent from their subject. (wikipedia.org)
  • Artists create affects and percepts, "blocks of space-time", whereas science works with functions, according to Deleuze, and philosophy creates concepts. (wikipedia.org)
  • The translator of Deleuze and Guattari's A Thousand Plateaus, Canadian political philosopher Brian Massumi, has given influential definitions of affect (see above) and has written on the neglected importance of movement and sensation in cultural formations and our interaction with real and virtual worlds. (wikipedia.org)
  • The focus on affect has largely derived from the work of Deleuze and brought emotional and visceral concerns into such conventional discourses as those on geopolitics, urban life and material culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • placebo
  • According to current pharmacological knowledge and the current understanding of cause and effect , a placebo contains no chemical (or any other agent) that could possibly cause any of the observed worsening in the subject's symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2013 review found that nearly 1 out of 20 patients receiving a placebo in clinical trials for depression dropped out due to adverse events, which were believed to have been caused by the nocebo effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • The placebo effect is not just for sick people anymore. (typepad.com)
  • Then, post Enron, the placebo effect disappeared. (typepad.com)
  • distinct
  • The Kerr effect is distinct from the Pockels effect in that the induced index change is directly proportional to the square of the electric field instead of varying linearly with it. (wikipedia.org)
  • These two dimensions of dispositional affect are bipolar, distinct and independent, relating to different emotion groups, so that each person can be classified with a positive affectivity and negative affectivity grade. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, the integration of specific affects have been shown to have distinct and predictable relationships with various types of relational problems. (wikipedia.org)
  • significantly
  • The clinical effect of PBA can be severe, with unremitting and persistent symptoms that can be disabling to patients, and may significantly affect quality of life for caregivers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Instances of the Flourishing Affect and the Flexible Affect were significantly low for both instances. (wikipedia.org)
  • AFFECTION
  • In his notes on the terminology employed, the translator Brian Massumi gives the following definitions of the terms as used in the volume: AFFECT/AFFECTION. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reading the words "lung cancer" usually generates an affect of dread, while reading the words "mother's love" usually generates a feeling of affection and comfort. (wikipedia.org)
  • physicist
  • textbooks may refer to this process as the Peltier-Seebeck effect (the separation derives from the independent discoveries by French physicist Jean Charles Athanase Peltier and Baltic German physicist Thomas Johann Seebeck ). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Kerr effect was discovered in 1875 by John Kerr , a Scottish physicist. (wikipedia.org)
  • stimuli
  • An affected individual exhibits episodes of laughter and/or crying without an apparent motivating stimulus or in response to stimuli that would not have elicited such an emotional response before the onset of their underlying neurologic disorder. (wikipedia.org)
  • In relation to perception, a type of non-conscious affect may be separate from the cognitive processing of environmental stimuli. (wikipedia.org)
  • California
  • The term Brussels effect was coined in 2012 by Professor Anu Bradford of Columbia Law School and named after the similar California effect that can be seen within the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • The California effect and the Brussels effect are a form of 'race to the top' where the most stringent standard has an appeal to companies operating across multiple regulatory environments as it makes global production and exports easier. (wikipedia.org)
  • mood
  • Dispositional affect, similar to mood, is a personality trait or overall tendency to respond to situations in stable, predictable ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dispositional affect is also different from moods since mood relates to general feeling that usually tends to be diffusing and not focused on a specific cause or object. (wikipedia.org)
  • In other words, a process that determines the degree to which mood can affect our judgement. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the AIM, affect (mood and emotion) exerts a notable influence not only on information processing but on the resulting response behaviors as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also called systematic processing, this strategy involves the most elaborate cognitive processing and appears highest on the continuum, as it is the most powerfully affected by mood. (wikipedia.org)
  • stimulus
  • These affects can be identified through immediate facial reactions that people have to a stimulus, typically well before they could process any real response to the stimulus. (wikipedia.org)
  • phenomenon
  • This article is about the thermoelectric effect as a physical phenomenon. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the magneto-optic phenomenon of the same name, see magneto-optic Kerr effect . (wikipedia.org)
  • The magneto-optic Kerr effect (MOKE) is the phenomenon that the light reflected from a magnetized material has a slightly rotated plane of polarization. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Holtzman effect is a fictional scientific phenomenon in the Dune universe created by Frank Herbert, beginning with the 1965 novel Dune. (wikipedia.org)
  • autism
  • When theater and related forms of live performance explore the borderlands labeled animal and autism, they both reflect and affect their audiences' understanding of what it means to be human. (umich.edu)
  • Affect, Animals, and Autists maps connections across performances that question the borders of the human whose neurodiverse experiences have been shaped by the diagnostic label of autism, and animal-human performance relationships that dispute and blur anthropocentric edges. (umich.edu)
  • enjoyment
  • Some research has shown evidence that humor may be a response to a conflict between negative and positive affects, such as fear and enjoyment, which results in spasmodic contractions of parts of the body, mainly in the stomach and diaphragm area, as well as contractions in the upper cheek muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • The Seebeck effect is the conversion of heat directly into electricity at the junction of different types of wire. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a different sense, Harold described how the Target Corporation's advertising used aura and affect to democratize the appearance of some products. (wikipedia.org)
  • These concepts are different from dispositional affect though there is a connection among them. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals with blunted or flat affect show different regional brain activity when compared with typical individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • common
  • Womb (uterine/endometrial) cancer is a fairly common disease affecting approximately 1 in 70 women. (cochrane.org)
  • It is a common problem, known to affect 1% of the general population and possibly more because it is thought to be under diagnosed. (cochrane.org)
  • Some common activities that tend to produce high affect infusion include: choosing whether or not to drink or take drugs, selecting or getting to know a new partner, explaining a conflict or allocating rewards to a group. (wikipedia.org)
  • Factor 1 of the Psychopathy Checklist identifies shallow affect as a common attribute of psychopathy. (wikipedia.org)
  • temperature
  • The temperature of a liquid affects the solubility of both solids and gases. (infoplease.com)
  • The thermoelectric effect is the direct conversion of temperature differences to electric voltage and vice versa via a thermocouple . (wikipedia.org)
  • This effect can be used to generate electricity, measure temperature or change the temperature of objects. (wikipedia.org)
  • thus
  • Thus, his problems with intimacy may be understood in one aspect as an overly substantial empathic wall, and in another aspect as a purely internal problem with the expression and management of his own affect. (wikipedia.org)
  • experience
  • Even though some affect measures contain variations that allow assessment of basic predispositions to experience a certain emotion, tests for such stable traits are usually considered to be personality tests. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is due to the experience of affect, in other words, a "gut feeling. (wikipedia.org)
  • At intermediate levels affects are stably recognized and accepted, and both bodily expressive acts and semantic articulation of experience are generally acknowledged. (wikipedia.org)
  • Under this latter circumstance, the person will experience high levels of affect infusion, as their agitated state will undoubtedly be made worse upon seeing the electric bill. (wikipedia.org)