• conjugate acid
  • As a result, the hypochlorite ion is a strong conjugate base, and the calcium ion is a weak conjugate acid: ClO− + H2O → HClO + OH− Similarly, calcium hypochlorite reacts with hydrochloric acid to form calcium chloride, water and chlorine: Ca(OCl)2 + 4 HCl → CaCl2 + 2 H2O + 2 Cl2 Calcium hypochlorite is stored dry and cold, away from any organic material and metals. (wikipedia.org)
  • bonds
  • As noted below, energy is released by the hydrolysis of ATP when these weak bonds are broken - requiring a small input of energy, followed by the formation of new bonds and the release of a larger amount of energy as the total energy of the system is lowered and becomes more stable. (wikipedia.org)
  • bond
  • Furthermore, the anomeric carbon is especially reactive towards nucleophilic substitution (effectively making the carbon-oxygen bond shorter, stronger and more polar, while making the carbon-purine bond longer and weaker). (wikipedia.org)
  • Further
  • Further speeding ATP hydrolysis are the so-called J-domain cochaperones: primarily Hsp40 in eukaryotes, and DnaJ in prokaryotes. (wikipedia.org)
  • energy
  • Can I say that more the hydration energy more will be efficiency of hydrolysis? (openstudy.com)
  • I think efficiency of hydrolysis is related with hydration energy. (openstudy.com)
  • ATP hydrolysis is the final link between the energy derived from food or sunlight and useful work such as muscle contraction, the establishment of electrochemical gradients across membranes, and biosynthetic processes necessary to maintain life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hydrolysis of the phosphate groups in ATP is especially exergonic, because the resulting orthophosphate group is greatly stabilized by multiple resonance structures, making the products (ADP and Pi) much lower in energy than the reactant (ATP). (wikipedia.org)
  • Hydrolysis relieves some of these electrostatic repulsions, liberating useful energy in the process by causing conformational changes in enzyme structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • That would mean, that no energy is acquired by ATP hydrolysis, and that would have fatal concequences for the organism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hydrolysis is related to energy metabolism and storage. (wikipedia.org)
  • formation
  • Published estimates of the log K value for the formation of [UCl]3+(aq) vary from −0.5 to +3 because of difficulty in dealing with simultaneous hydrolysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perhaps the oldest commercially practiced example of ester hydrolysis is saponification (formation of soap). (wikipedia.org)
  • value
  • For many practical purposes it is more convenient to discuss the logarithmic constant, pKa p K a = − log 10 ⁡ ( K a ) {\displaystyle \mathrm {p} K_{\mathrm {a} }=-\log _{10}\left(K_{\mathrm {a} }\right)} The more positive the value of pKa, the smaller the extent of dissociation at any given pH (see Henderson-Hasselbalch equation)-that is, the weaker the acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • Did you know, for example, that the exact calculation of the pH of a solution of a monoprotic weak acid requires the solution of a cubic equation? (libretexts.org)