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  • conjugate acid
  • As a result, the hypochlorite ion is a strong conjugate base, and the calcium ion is a weak conjugate acid: ClO− + H2O → HClO + OH− Similarly, calcium hypochlorite reacts with hydrochloric acid to form calcium chloride, water and chlorine: Ca(OCl)2 + 4 HCl → CaCl2 + 2 H2O + 2 Cl2 Calcium hypochlorite is stored dry and cold, away from any organic material and metals. (wikipedia.org)
  • bonds
  • These bonds are in fact relatively weak. (wikipedia.org)
  • As noted below, energy is released by the hydrolysis of ATP when these weak bonds are broken - requiring a small input of energy, followed by the formation of new bonds and the release of a larger amount of energy as the total energy of the system is lowered and becomes more stable. (wikipedia.org)
  • activity
  • These CHDLs show weak hydrolysis activity against carbapenems, while increased expression by the IS Aba gene insertion sequence can mediate carbapenem resistance. (asm.org)
  • This activity is considered to be due to not only efficient uptake via the active siderophore systems but also the high stability of S-649266 against carbapenemase hydrolysis. (asm.org)
  • Does not act as a hydrolase: weak hydrolysis activity is only observed on the disaccharide maltose. (mybiosource.com)
  • bond
  • Furthermore, the anomeric carbon is especially reactive towards nucleophilic substitution (effectively making the carbon-oxygen bond shorter, stronger and more polar, while making the carbon-purine bond longer and weaker). (wikipedia.org)
  • Further
  • Further speeding ATP hydrolysis are the so-called J-domain cochaperones: primarily Hsp40 in eukaryotes, and DnaJ in prokaryotes. (wikipedia.org)
  • especially
  • Hydrolysis of the phosphate groups in ATP is especially exergonic, because the resulting orthophosphate group is greatly stabilized by multiple resonance structures, making the products (ADP and Pi) much lower in energy than the reactant (ATP). (wikipedia.org)
  • energy
  • ATP hydrolysis is the final link between the energy derived from food or sunlight and useful work such as muscle contraction, the establishment of electrochemical gradients across membranes, and biosynthetic processes necessary to maintain life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hydrolysis relieves some of these electrostatic repulsions, liberating useful energy in the process by causing conformational changes in enzyme structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • That would mean, that no energy is acquired by ATP hydrolysis, and that would have fatal concequences for the organism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hydrolysis is related to energy metabolism and storage. (wikipedia.org)
  • formation
  • Published estimates of the log K value for the formation of [UCl]3+(aq) vary from −0.5 to +3 because of difficulty in dealing with simultaneous hydrolysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Perhaps the oldest commercially practiced example of ester hydrolysis is saponification (formation of soap). (wikipedia.org)
  • value
  • For many practical purposes it is more convenient to discuss the logarithmic constant, pKa p K a = − log 10 ⁡ ( K a ) {\displaystyle \mathrm {p} K_{\mathrm {a} }=-\log _{10}\left(K_{\mathrm {a} }\right)} The more positive the value of pKa, the smaller the extent of dissociation at any given pH (see Henderson-Hasselbalch equation)-that is, the weaker the acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • solution
  • Hydrolysis of β-lactams was detected by monitoring the changes in the absorbance of β-lactam solution using a UV-2550 (Shimadzu, Japan) or U-3010 (Hitachi, Japan) spectrophotometer. (asm.org)
  • oxidation
  • Its bleaching, cleaning, deodorizing and caustic effects are due to oxidation and hydrolysis (saponification). (wikipedia.org)
  • There are several types of damage to DNA due to endogenous cellular processes: oxidation of bases [e.g. 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG)] and generation of DNA strand interruptions from reactive oxygen species, alkylation of bases (usually methylation), such as formation of 7-methylguanosine, 1-methyladenine, 6-O-Methylguanine hydrolysis of bases, such as deamination, depurination, and depyrimidination. (wikipedia.org)
  • however
  • The mechanism of action of alkaline phosphatase involves the geometric coordination of the substrate between the Zn ions in the active sites, whereas the Mg site doesn't appear to be close enough to directly partake in the hydrolysis mechanism, however, it may contribute to the shape of the electrostatic potential around the active center. (wikipedia.org)
  • sometimes
  • In food service and water distribution, specialized equipment to generate weak solutions of HClO from water and salt is sometimes used to generate adequate quantities of safe (unstable) disinfectant to treat food preparation surfaces and water supplies. (wikipedia.org)