• behavior
  • Attention getting behaviors, sexual (estrus or male) behaviors, play behavior, medical problems, discomfort, and aggressive displays are the most common reasons for feline vocalization. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Never reward vocalization by providing food, attention, or play when the cat vocalizes, since it is likely to reinforce the behavior and cause it to continue. (vcahospitals.com)
  • The cause of the cat's vocalization, those stimuli that are associated with the onset of the behavior as well as all factors that might be reinforcing the behavior, must be understood. (vcahospitals.com)
  • If the cat can be denied exposure to the stimuli for the vocalization (e.g., the sight or sounds of other cats), or prevented from performing the behavior (e.g., keeping the cat out of the owner's bedroom at night), the problem can often be successfully resolved. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Many owners inadvertently encourage the behavior by giving the cat something it values during vocalization. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Many owners inadvertently encourage the behavior by giving the cat something it values during vocalization, perhaps in an attempt to quiet it down. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Reinforcement of even a very few of the vocalization outbursts perpetuates the behavior. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Although removal of reinforcement (known as extinction) ultimately reduces or eliminates excessive vocalization, the behavior may at first become more intense as the cat attempts to get the reward. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Although ignoring the vocalization, so that the cat receives no reward for the behavior, is the best solution, in the long run it can be difficult to do. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Whether it is a bird raising an alarm, a whale calling to potential partners, a dog responding to human commands, a parent reading a story with a child, or a business-person accessing stock prices using Siri , vocalization provides a valuable communication channel through which behavior may be coordinated and controlled, and information may be distributed and acquired. (frontiersin.org)
  • Human beings, in particular, have extended this behavior to a very high level of sophistication through the evolution of speech and language - a phenomenon that appears to be unique in the animal kingdom, but which shares many characteristics with the communication systems of other animals. (frontiersin.org)
  • Vocalization thus sits alongside other modes (such as vision and olfaction) as a primary means by which living beings are able to sense their environment, influence the world around them, coordinate cooperative or competitive behavior with other organisms, and communicate information. (frontiersin.org)
  • Alongside the study of vocal behavior, recent years have seen important developments in a range of technologies relating to vocalization. (frontiersin.org)
  • These outcomes were complemented by assays of urine scent marking and ultrasonic vocalizations as indices of social communication.We provide evidence of sociosexual deficits after brain injury at p21, which manifest as reduced mounting behavior and scent marking towards an unfamiliar female at adulthood.Together, these findings indicate vulnerability of the developing brain to social dysfunction, and suggest that a younger age-at-insult results in poorer social and sociosexual outcomes. (nih.gov)
  • While the number of primatologists specializing in such work (which will be called acoustic primatology) has remained small, it has been recognized that vocalization-related data can have important implications for many fundamental questions about non-human primate behavior (e.g. (springer.com)
  • One particular behavior we are studying is the animals decisions about how to allocate their time. (uncg.edu)
  • To observe the behavior of mice Dr. Matina Kalcounis-Rüppell in her field work has collected hundreds of nights of infrared video of mice, recordings of ultrasonic vocalizations, and also has outfitted some individuals with radio transmitters to allow identification of individuals. (uncg.edu)
  • Vocalizations are a natural behavior of animals which they use widely in intra-specific and inter-specific communication. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brenda McCowan is a research behaviorist interested in evolutionary, biological, and ecological aspects of animal behavior and communication. (wikipedia.org)
  • Her work focuses on improving the health and welfare of domesticated production animals, captive species (zoo, laboratory), and wildlife using applied animal behavior and bioacoustics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vocal
  • Vocal signals were collected from 40 animals under the following situations: normal (baseline), feeling cold, in pain, and feeling hunger. (mdpi.com)
  • Almost all animals exploit vocal signals for a range of ecologically motivated purposes: detecting predators/prey and marking territory, expressing emotions, establishing social relations, and sharing information. (frontiersin.org)
  • Indeed, the ubiquity of vocal interaction has led to research across an extremely diverse array of fields, from assessing animal welfare, to understanding the precursors of human language, to developing voice-based human-machine interaction. (frontiersin.org)
  • This paper attempts to redress the balance by presenting a comparative review of vocal interaction within-and-between humans, animals, and artificial agents (such as robots), and it identifies a rich set of open research questions that may benefit from an interdisciplinary analysis. (frontiersin.org)
  • For example, systems have been created to analyze and playback animals calls, to investigate how vocal signaling might evolve in communicative agents, and to interact with users of spoken language technology. (frontiersin.org)
  • The intelligibility of an individual's own vocalization can be adjusted with audio-vocal reflexes using their own hearing (private loop), or it can be adjusted indirectly in terms of how well listeners can hear the vocalization (public loop). (wikipedia.org)
  • Devocalization (also known as ventriculocordectomy or vocal cordectomy and when performed on dogs is commonly known as debarking or bark softening) is a surgical procedure performed on dogs and cats, where tissue is removed from the animal's vocal cords to permanently reduce the volume of its vocalizations. (wikipedia.org)
  • This vocal individuality can convey information such as body size and weight, since heavier penguins typically emit longer and lower-pitched vocalizations. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1983
  • Gautier, J.-P., 1983, Qualities and drawbacks of radiotransmitted vocalizations of monkeys through laryngophones: New perspectives in analysis, Folio Primatol . (springer.com)
  • Distress
  • Results indicated that vocalization might be an effective welfare indicator, and it could be applied for assessing distress from pain, cold and hunger in farrowing piglets. (mdpi.com)
  • Distress related vocalization is of particular interest as an indicator of impaired welfare [ 1 , 2 ], and it is an objective and noninvasive procedure that has been studied to estimate pigs' welfare [ 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • The most common tactic for hunting coyotes and bobcats is attempting to lure them into range with a call designed to mimic an animal in distress. (eveningtribune.com)
  • elephants
  • Animal communication: whales, elephants, hippopotamuses, rhinoceros, giraffes, okapi, and alligators are known to use infrasound to communicate over distances-up to hundreds of miles in the case of whales. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the playbacks were done at half the amplitude at which they were recorded, it is estimated that these calls would be perceptible by elephants at distances of at least 4 km Even this may be an underestimate because animals do not respond every time they perceive a conspecific call, and they are probably less likely to respond to calls from further distances even if they do perceive them. (wikipedia.org)
  • behaviors
  • These behaviors include lifting and stiffening of ears, vocalization, walking or running towards the concealed speaker, clustering in a tight group, and remaining motionless ("freezing"), with occasional scanning movements of the head. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • There are other techniques to recognize stress in animals, e.g., a stress response as an adrenaline release can be accompanied by changes in the rates of specific types of vocalization [ 7 ] while other studies suggested an increased rate of vocalization in pigs after receiving corticotrophin injections [ 8 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • temporal
  • Although spectral representation was not changed for animals reared in the faster or slower rate, temporal rate representation was improved. (jneurosci.org)
  • The term is not clearly defined in the scientific literature, though most investigators agree that an animal song must have syllabic diversity and temporal regularity akin to the repetitive and transformative patterns which define human music. (wikipedia.org)
  • analyze
  • This research aimed to analyze the possibility of assessing piglets' welfare using the records of their vocalization. (mdpi.com)
  • occurs
  • Most owner complaints about feline vocalization are either to do with the intensity and persistence of the vocalization, or the fact that it occurs at night or at other times when family members or neighbors are trying to sleep. (vcahospitals.com)
  • Although
  • Although it is of great relevance, the assessment of animal welfare status in commercial farming is still a difficult task. (mdpi.com)
  • Benzodiazepines, e.g. diazepam, inhibit shock-induced ultrasonic vocalisation although the active doses are generally close to those that produce sedation and muscle relaxation. (biopsychiatry.com)
  • tend
  • These penguins are sometimes referred to as "jack-ass" penguins, since their vocalizations tend to sound similar to a donkey braying. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • We found that, using the piglets' vocalization, it was possible to identify the most frequent stressful conditions at the farrowing phase, namely: pain, cold and hunger. (mdpi.com)
  • Serotonin plays a major role in the mediation of ultrasonic vocalisation, and in particular 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(2) receptors are found to have a prominent role. (biopsychiatry.com)
  • Noise has been found to affect the vocalizations of animals that vocalize against a background of human noise pollution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Experimentally, the Lombard effect has also been found in the vocalization of: Budgerigars Canaries Cats Chickens Common marmosets Cottontop tamarins Japanese quail Nightingales Rhesus macaques Squirrel monkey. (wikipedia.org)
  • role
  • In lions, where both sexes roar, the vocalization plays a role in social spacing and territorial defense. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other research topics concern speech repetition, the ability to map heard spoken words into the vocalizations needed to recreate them, which plays a key role in vocabulary expansion in children and speech errors. (wikipedia.org)
  • indicator
  • The data also support gakel vocalization as an indicator of stress/discomfort in chickens, which are notoriously stoic and therefore have been hard to assess for well-being, historically. (wikipedia.org)
  • further
  • therefore, it is possible that milk production within a dairy herd could be increased further if multiple playbacks of calf vocalizations were used, varying by age as appropriate for the cows (McCowan 2002). (wikipedia.org)
  • procedure
  • Devocalization is usually performed at the request of an animal owner (where the procedure is legally permitted). (wikipedia.org)
  • Owners or breeders generally request the procedure because of excessive animal vocalizations, complaining neighbors, or as an alternative to euthanasia due to a court order. (wikipedia.org)
  • active
  • Of course, since some cats are quite active at night, it is not surprising that many owners are concerned about their cat's nighttime vocalization and activity. (vcahospitals.com)