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  • oxidation
  • Vitamin E is a powerful, fat-soluble antioxidant that helps protect cell membranes against damage caused by free radicals and prevents the oxidation of LDL cholesterol . (drweil.com)
  • Foods
  • Not only pregnant women every woman should take foods which contain more vitamin E. some of the foods which help in increasing nutrient level are broccoli, Hazelnuts, sunflower seeds, peanuts, and almonds. (techfactslive.com)
  • tissues
  • Those with metabolic syndrome , approximately one of three people in the United States, could be chronically deficient in vitamin E. Its findings suggest that while vitamin E appears to be readily available in the bloodstream of those with metabolic syndrome, it's not finding its way to the tissues where it's needed, resulting in a hidden deficiency. (drweil.com)
  • Calcium
  • To maintain blood levels of calcium, therapeutic vitamin D doses are sometimes administered (up to 100,000 IU or 2.5 mg daily) to patients who have had their parathyroid glands removed (most commonly kidney dialysis patients who have had tertiary hyperparathyroidism, but also to patients with primary hyperparathyroidism) or with hypoparathyroidism. (wikipedia.org)
  • The deposition of calcium in soft tissues, including arterial walls, is quite common, especially in those suffering from atherosclerosis, suggesting that Vitamin K deficiency is more common than previously thought. (wikipedia.org)
  • fortification
  • Because the newly discovered substance was the fourth vitamin identified, it was called vitamin D. The 1928 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Adolf Windaus, who discovered the steroid 7-dehydrocholesterol, the precursor of vitamin D. Prior to the fortification of milk products with vitamin D, rickets was a major public health problem. (wikipedia.org)
  • assay
  • I present two cases with paradoxical vitamin B-12 results, which highlight the fallacies of the serum vitamin B-12 assay and emphasise the importance of taking into account the overall clinical picture before prejudging the significance of the vitamin B-12 assay result. (bmj.com)
  • Herbert, V. & Gottlieb, C. W. (1966) Haemoglobin-coated charcoal assay for serum vitamin in B-12. (wikipedia.org)
  • malabsorption
  • Intestinal conditions that result in malabsorption of nutrients may also contribute to vitamin D deficiency by decreasing the amount of vitamin D absorbed via diet. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients with chronic liver disease or intestinal malabsorption disorders may also require larger doses of vitamin D (up to 40,000 IU or 1 mg (1000 micrograms) daily). (wikipedia.org)
  • micrograms
  • People over the age of 14 should consume more than 2.4 micrograms (mcg) of vitamin B-12 daily. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In the U.S., the National Institutes of Health (NIH) recommend that teens and adults over the age of 14 years should consume 2.4 micrograms (mcg) of vitamin B-12 a day. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In the United States, milk has been fortified with 10 micrograms (400 IU) of vitamin D per quart since the 1930s, leading to a dramatic decline in the number of rickets cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • stomach
  • In the elderly, it's probably because they don't secrete enough stomach acid to separate the vitamin from the meat proteins that tightly bind it. (physicsforums.com)
  • Secreted gastric acid and pepsin in the stomach allow Vitamin B12 to dissociate from proteins in food. (tristatebariatrics.org)
  • Chloride, sodium, potassium, zinc and/or iodine deficiency, as these elements are needed to produce adequate levels of stomach acid (HCl). (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed
  • Cyanocobalamin is one of the most widely manufactured vitamers in the vitamin B 12 family (the family of chemicals that function as B 12 when put into the body), because cyanocobalamin is the most[citation needed] air-stable of the B 12 forms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nutrition
  • Vitamin A deficiency is a major public health nutrition problem in India. (unu.edu)
  • Therefore, the Committee on Nutrition of the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that 0.5 to 1.0 mg Vitamin K1 be administered to all newborns shortly after birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • The NSP data have also been used by the GOB to improve or develop nutrition and health programmes such as the national vitamin A capsule distribution program. (wikipedia.org)
  • humans
  • Since vitamin B 12 is not present in plants, humans have obtained their supply from animal products, from multivitamin supplements in the form of pills, and as additives to food preparations. (definitions.net)
  • Because humans and animals can convert cyanocobalamin to any one of the active vitamin B 12 compounds, by definition this makes cyanocobalamin itself a form (or vitamer) of B 12. (wikipedia.org)
  • syndrome
  • 4-6 Therefore the term infantile tremor syndrome defines a broader group of infants with similar neurohaematological symptomatology, which in some cases is due to vitamin B-12 deficiency. (bmj.com)
  • Brain tumor Brain abscess Sturge-Weber syndrome Cerebral palsy Cerebrovascular accident Multiple sclerosis severe combined degenerative disease, vitamin B 12 deficiency * Esquenazi A (2004). (wikipedia.org)