##### analyses

- Use appropriate statistical analyses to facilitate interpretation of measurements. (annamaria.edu)
- Therefore, this workshop will provide a basic overview of statistical analyses typically employed for group level designs. (abainternational.org)
- We will cover rationales for learning more about statistical analyses, review common statistical methods, and examine how these methods are presented in the scientific literature. (abainternational.org)
- Such tools permit a range of quantitative analyses, such as using different wavelengths of collected data sets in various Red-Green-Blue configurations to produce false color imagery to reveal key features. (wikipedia.org)
- The NIH Toolbox will support scientific discovery by bringing a common language to research questions - both with respect to the primary study aims and to those arising from secondary data analyses. (wikipedia.org)

##### analysis

- Then there are his technical skills, ranging from statistical analysis of economic data to interpretation of literary and visual materials. (wikipedia.org)
- Areas amenable to student research are: issues related to health economics and policy, evaluation (accuracy and repeatability) of screening tests, statistical analysis of visual function data, and interpretation of fundus images as potential risk factor for disease progression or treatment failure. (upenn.edu)
- We hypothesized that fully quantitative analysis of stress perfusion CMR would have high diagnostic accuracy for identifying significant coronary artery stenosis and exceed the accuracy of semiquantitative measures of perfusion and qualitative interpretation. (onlinejacc.org)
- Data from treatment or intervention studies have often been pooled using meta-analysis [ 7 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- In fact, in many fields, statistical analysis is viewed as the gold standard for evaluation and interpretation of data (Sullivan, 2011). (abainternational.org)
- In contrast, a hallmark of the field of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the use of single subject research methods, that rely on visual inspection of the data (Kazdin, 2010). (abainternational.org)
- Temporal Visual Analytics with specific focus on visual analytics for computational movement analysis. (icaci.org)
- Statistical analysis provided for easy interpretation. (mainestandards.com)
- Statistical analysis of BGR data. (vin.com)
- Emphasis is placed on the analysis of anthropological data. (csuchico.edu)
- The statistical data that is retrieved through Performance provides the information that you need for analysis and interpretation of any local or remote Cisco CallManager system. (cisco.com)
- Statistical software are specialized computer programs for analysis in statistics and econometrics. (wikipedia.org)
- ADaMSoft - a generalized statistical software with data mining algorithms and methods for data management ADMB - a software suite for non-linear statistical modeling based on C++ which uses automatic differentiation Bayesian Filtering Library Chronux - for neurobiological time series data DataMelt (DMelt) - Java-based statistical analysis framework for scientists and engineers. (wikipedia.org)
- Because the statistical models used to draw up such research are complex, the data analysis and the interpretation of results should be carried out by qualified statisticians. (wikipedia.org)
- Data availability and quality Since spatial epidemiology is almost entirely based on the analysis of data and its various visual representations, data collection methods must be routine, accurate, and publicly available. (wikipedia.org)
- In statistics, regression validation is the process of deciding whether the numerical results quantifying hypothesized relationships between variables, obtained from regression analysis, are acceptable as descriptions of the data. (wikipedia.org)
- Logistic regression with binary data is another area in which graphical residual analysis can be difficult. (wikipedia.org)
- Cross-validation is the process of assessing how the results of a statistical analysis will generalize to an independent data set. (wikipedia.org)
- PMID 806027 Hohne A, Maurus M. Semiautomatic conversion of behavioral data from film to paper tape for computer analysis. (wikipedia.org)
- Community paleoecology uses statistical analysis to examine the composition and distribution of groups of plants or animals. (wikipedia.org)
- The environmental complexity factor is normally tackled through statistical analysis of the available numerical data (quantitative paleontology or paleostatistics), while the study of post-mortem processes is known as the field of taphonomy. (wikipedia.org)
- It was derived from the Bayesian network and a statistical algorithm called Kernel Fisher discriminant analysis. (wikipedia.org)

##### quantitative

- Research Methods/ Quantitative Literacy - Use descriptive and inferential statistical methods to describe and evaluate empirical data. (annamaria.edu)
- Accurately interpret quantitative visual aids. (annamaria.edu)
- Edward Tufte, a prominent American statistician noted why tables may be preferred to pie charts in The Visual Display of Quantitative Information: Tables are preferable to graphics for many small data sets. (wikipedia.org)

##### graphs

- This is followed by a section of 16 more complex questions, displayed on the screen, involving interpretation of statistical data and graphs, and problem solving. (wikipedia.org)
- Even when constructed to accurately display the characteristics of their data, graphs can be subject to different interpretation. (wikipedia.org)
- Misleading graphs may be created intentionally to hinder the proper interpretation of data or accidentally due to unfamiliarity with graphing software, misinterpretation of data, or because data cannot be accurately conveyed. (wikipedia.org)
- The field of data visualization describes ways to present information that avoids creating misleading graphs. (wikipedia.org)
- The use of graphs where they are not needed can lead to unnecessary confusion/interpretation. (wikipedia.org)

##### mathematical

- Three-dimensional localization of EEG events within the brain, based on mathematical data and coordination with magnetic resonance imaging. (vin.com)
- Electives must be courses with significant mathematical/statistical content as determined by faculty of the Department of Mathematics and Statistics. (csuchico.edu)

##### inspection

- Using simple visual inspection, an experienced electroencephalographer can provide a remarkably close estimate of the frequency content of an EEG epoch. (vin.com)
- Sometimes, visual inspection of the data demonstrates results that statistical tests fail to find. (wikipedia.org)

##### bias

- However, over the last decade there has been a growing appreciation that reviews should be based on data that are as complete and as free of bias as possible [ 6 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- In general, single-subject designs have been shown to reduce interpretation bias for counselors when doing therapy. (wikipedia.org)
- Statistical bias results from an unfair sampling of a population, or from an estimation process that does not give accurate results on average. (wikipedia.org)

##### inference

- Basing his views on the Constructivist theory of perception, Helmholtz (1821-1894) held that the visual system constructs visual percepts through a process of unconscious inference, in which cues are used to make probabilistic inferences about the state of the world. (wikipedia.org)

##### assumptions

- Research in this area is remarkable because (1) the algorithms and proofs tend to be very simple and beautiful, and (2) the model makes no statistical assumptions about the data. (wikipedia.org)
- The accuracy of the model is limited by availability and accuracy of seismic data, wave type utilized, and assumptions made in the model. (wikipedia.org)

##### facilitate

- Seamless integration of greatly diverse big healthcare data technologies can not only enable us to gain deeper insights into the clinical and organizational processes but also facilitate faster and safer throughput of patients and create greater efficiencies and help improve patient flow, safety, quality of care and the overall patient experience no matter how costly it is. (springeropen.com)
- Performance visually formats the statistical data to facilitate your quick comprehension of the state of the system. (cisco.com)

##### graphical

- Interpret and produce graphical representations of data. (annamaria.edu)
- Using the visual formats provided, you can display Cisco CallManager data in graphical, histogram, or report form. (cisco.com)
- for data collected over time, also plots of residuals against time drift in the errors (data collected over time): run charts of the response and errors versus time independence of errors: lag plot normality of errors: histogram and normal probability plot Graphical methods have an advantage over numerical methods for model validation because they readily illustrate a broad range of complex aspects of the relationship between the model and the data. (wikipedia.org)
- One common situation when numerical validation methods take precedence over graphical methods is when the number of parameters being estimated is relatively close to the size of the data set. (wikipedia.org)

##### analytical

- These databases provide diverse types of information including metabolite and pathway information, reference spectra, raw analytical data, metabolite concentrations, metabolic phenotypes and systematically described study designs and experimental protocols. (frontiersin.org)
- She is combining analytical and visual techniques and is particularly interested in visual interpretation of results of spatial and spatio-temporal statistical methods. (icaci.org)
- Exposure assessment and mapping Typically always seen as an analytical weakness, the quality of exposure data, or reported accuracy of the spatial reach of epidemics, is especially important in spatial epidemiology. (wikipedia.org)

##### algorithm

- Comprehensive exams (cine imaging, stress/rest perfusion, late gadolinium enhancement) were analyzed qualitatively with 2 methods including the Duke algorithm and standard clinical interpretation. (onlinejacc.org)

##### methods

- This course explores the logic and styles of sociological research, focusing on the methods of formulating research problems, the design of social research, and techniques for ensuring the quality and validity of data and conclusions. (csuchico.edu)
- 4) discuss methods for increasing statistical knowledge and familiarity in the future. (abainternational.org)
- Various methods are used to resolve anomalies in the crust and lithosphere, shallow mantle, whole mantle, and core based on the availability of data and types of seismic waves that penetrate the region at a suitable wavelength for feature resolution. (wikipedia.org)

##### visually

- In order to determine the effect of the independent variable on the dependent variable, the researcher will graph the data collected and visually inspect the differences between phases. (wikipedia.org)

##### spatial

- With the more mainstream use of geographic information systems, the capabilities of spatial interpolation and mapping have been tremendously improved, yet these still greatly depend on the precision and legitimacy of the source data commissioned. (wikipedia.org)
- the only thing worse than a pie chart is several of them, for then the viewer is asked to compare quantities located in spatial disarray both within and between pies - Given their low data-density and failure to order numbers along a visual dimension, pie charts should never be used. (wikipedia.org)

##### representation

- This provides a visual representation of the subject's behavior before application of the intervention. (wikipedia.org)
- A graph with a log scale which was not clearly labelled as such, or a graph with a log scale presented to a viewer who did not have knowledge of logarithmic scales, would generally result in a representation which made data values look of similar size whilst in fact being of widely differing magnitudes. (wikipedia.org)
- In contemporary usage it includes: a pictorial representation of data, as in computer-aided design and manufacture, in typesetting and the graphic arts, and in educational and recreational software. (wikipedia.org)
- An illustration is a visual representation such as a drawing, painting, photograph or other work of art that stresses subject more than form. (wikipedia.org)
- The aim of an illustration is to elucidate or decorate a story, poem or piece of textual information (such as a newspaper article), traditionally by providing a visual representation of something described in the text. (wikipedia.org)

##### Analytics

- He is chair of the ICA commission on Visual Analytics . (icaci.org)
- She is co-chair of the ICA commission on Visual Analytics . (icaci.org)
- This is a workshop of the Commision on Visual Analytics of the International Cartographic Association . (icaci.org)
- As noted above, big data analytics in healthcare carries many benefits, promises and presents great potential for transforming healthcare, yet it raises manifold barriers and challenges. (springeropen.com)

##### auditory

- Pareidolia is the visual or auditory form of apophenia. (wikipedia.org)

##### computational

- V. Vapnik, A. Chervonenkis Theory of Probability and its Applications, 16(2):264-280, 1971 Description: Computational learning theory, VC theory, statistical uniform convergence and the VC dimension. (wikipedia.org)

##### representations

- Disease Mapping Disease maps are visual representations of intricate geographic data that provide a quick overview of said information. (wikipedia.org)

##### behavior

- Variability in data: Because behavior is assessed repeatedly, the single-subject design allows the researcher to see how consistently the treatment changes behavior over time. (wikipedia.org)
- During the baseline, data are repeatedly collected and then graphed on the behavior of interest. (wikipedia.org)
- It is critical that several (three to five is often recommended) data points are collected during baseline to allow the researcher to describe the effects on the target behavior during intervention. (wikipedia.org)
- PMID 7283932 Maurus M, Kuhlmorgen B, Hartmann-Wiesner E, Pruscha H. An approach to the interpretation of the communicative meaning of visual signals in agonistic behavior of squirrel monkeys. (wikipedia.org)
- PMID 4205548 Pruscha H, Maurus M. A statistical method for the classification of behavior units occurring in primate communication. (wikipedia.org)

##### researchers

- Researchers are therefore faced regularly with new types of raw data requiring specialized algorithms for data handling and processing with the literature laden with examples of software offering new capabilities. (frontiersin.org)
- With the NIH Toolbox, researchers can assess function using a common metric and can "crosswalk" among measures, supporting the pooling and sharing of large data sets. (wikipedia.org)

##### impairment

- The research bridges basic aspects of ocular vascular physiology and the clinical features of diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration, which are the most common causes of visual impairment in the U.S. and the developed world. (upenn.edu)
- Special arrangements are made in the case of visual or hearing impairment, or physical impairment. (wikipedia.org)

##### regression

- The validation process can involve analyzing the goodness of fit of the regression, analyzing whether the regression residuals are random, and checking whether the model's predictive performance deteriorates substantially when applied to data that were not used in model estimation. (wikipedia.org)
- The interpretation of this output layer value is the same as a regression model in statistics. (wikipedia.org)

##### results

- Results are graphed for easy visual evaluation. (mainestandards.com)
- A percent difference plot is provided for easy visual evaluation of results. (mainestandards.com)
- The next section details the types of plots to use to test different aspects of a model and gives the correct interpretations of different results that could be observed for each type of plot. (wikipedia.org)

##### different

- Then, we focus on the big data privacy issue in healthcare, by mentioning various laws and regulations established by different regulatory bodies and pointing out some feasible techniques used to ensure the patient's privacy. (springeropen.com)
- Each report form offers a different visual rendition of the statistical data. (cisco.com)
- Charts are often used to make it easier to understand large quantities of data and the relationships between different parts of the data. (wikipedia.org)

##### examine

- Evolutionary paleoecology uses data from fossils and other evidence to examine how organisms and their environments change throughout time. (wikipedia.org)

##### discrete

- Based on discrete core data for persons (55 studies and 170 rates), the distribution of rates was asymmetric and had a median value (10%-90% quantile) of 15.2 (7.7-43.0) per 100,000. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- Geotechnical instrumentations, for example piezometer, tiltmeter and Global Positioning System (GPS), on the other hand, often refer to instruments installed to measure discrete point data, compared to imagery in remote sensing. (wikipedia.org)

##### therefore

- Therefore, if the residuals appear to behave randomly, it suggests that the model fits the data well. (wikipedia.org)

##### randomness

- A basic, though not quantitatively precise, way to check for problems that render a model inadequate is to conduct a visual examination of the residuals (the mispredictions of the data used in quantifying the model) to look for obvious deviations from randomness. (wikipedia.org)

##### utilize

- Students are expected to be able to use computers to generate documents, process basic data, and utilize the World Wide Web. (csuchico.edu)
- Recent cue recruitment experiments have shown that the adult human visual system can learn to utilize new cues through classical (Pavlovian) conditioning. (wikipedia.org)

##### typically

- An autoencoder is used for unsupervised learning of efficient codings, typically for the purpose of dimensionality reduction and for learning generative models of data. (wikipedia.org)

##### inferential

- Color also serves as an inferential cue that can prime both motor action and interpretation of a persuasive message. (wikipedia.org)

##### pathway

- To analyze the tumor control, survival outcomes, and toxicity after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for skull base metastases from systemic cancer involving the anterior visual pathway. (biomedcentral.com)
- Multi-fraction SRS (5 x 5 Gy) is a safe treatment option associated with good local control and improved cranial nerve symptoms for patients with a skull base metastasis involving the anterior visual pathway. (biomedcentral.com)

##### dependent variable

- Baseline: this phase is one in which the researcher collects data on the dependent variable without any intervention in place. (wikipedia.org)
- Intervention: this phase is one in which the researcher introduces an independent variable (the intervention) and then collects data on the dependent variable. (wikipedia.org)
- One problem with the R2 as a measure of model validity is that it can always be increased by adding more variables into the model, except in the unlikely event that the additional variables are exactly uncorrelated with the dependent variable in the data sample being used. (wikipedia.org)

##### contrast

- The visual system can detect motion both using a simple mechanism based on information from multiple clusters of neurons as well as by aggregate through by integrating multiple cues including contrast, form, and texture. (wikipedia.org)

##### processes

- Compiling and standardizing data can also be done efficiently and usefully given the right tools and processes. (wikipedia.org)
- Seismic tomography is similar to medical x-ray computed tomography (CT scan) in that a computer processes receiver data to produce a 3D image, although CT scans use attenuation instead of traveltime difference. (wikipedia.org)

##### characteristics

- Remote sensing in geology is remote sensing used in the geological sciences as a data acquisition method complementary to field observation, because it allows mapping of geological characteristics of regions without physical contact with the areas being explored. (wikipedia.org)
- In terms of the other data characteristics, there was very little difference among the scale formats in terms of variation about the mean, skewness or kurtosis. (wikipedia.org)

##### graph

- In statistics, a misleading graph, also known as a distorted graph, is a graph that misrepresents data, constituting a misuse of statistics and with the result that an incorrect conclusion may be derived from it. (wikipedia.org)
- Logarithmic (often referred to as log) scales can be a very valid means of representing data, however if used without clearly being labelled as so, or displayed to a reader who is unfamiliar with the concept of log scales, a graph using a log scale can be misleading. (wikipedia.org)
- A Typology) visualising step-wise sets of instructions in a technical manual communicating subtle thematic tone in a narrative linking brands to the ideas of human expression, individuality and creativity making a reader laugh or smile for fun (to make laugh) funny A graph or chart is an information graphic that represents tabular, numeric data. (wikipedia.org)

##### patterns

- Apophenia, also known as patternicity, or agenticity, is the human tendency to perceive meaningful patterns within random data. (wikipedia.org)

##### organization

- A cue is some organization of the data present in the signal which allows for meaningful extrapolation. (wikipedia.org)
- the unit connectivity pattern is inspired by the organization of the visual cortex. (wikipedia.org)

##### occur

- In this paper, we have surveyed the state-of-the-art security and privacy challenges in big data as applied to healthcare industry, assessed how security and privacy issues occur in case of big healthcare data and discussed ways in which they may be addressed. (springeropen.com)
- You may choose specific counters to return data describing changing activity levels in your system, or you may choose to react as events occur. (cisco.com)
- An R2 (coefficient of determination) close to one does not guarantee that the model fits the data well, because as Anscombe's quartet shows, a high R2 can occur in the presence of misspecification of the functional form of a relationship or in the presence of outliers that distort the true relationship. (wikipedia.org)

##### advancement

- Big data, no matter how useful for the advancement of medical science and vital to the success of all healthcare organizations, can only be used if security and privacy issues are addressed. (springeropen.com)

##### illustration

- For purposes of illustration, Figure 20-4 shows active operating system conditions with inactive Cisco CallManager data. (cisco.com)

##### units

- For example, log scales may give a height of 1 "unit" for a value of 10 in the data and a height of 6 "units" for a value of 1000000 (1x10^6) in the data. (wikipedia.org)

##### species

- Since the visual system is dominant in many species, especially humans, visual cues are a large source of information in how the world is perceived. (wikipedia.org)

##### features

- A time delay neural network (TDNN) is a feedforward architecture for sequential data that recognizes features independent of sequence position. (wikipedia.org)
- The latter can be a recorded version, such as a photograph, or interpretation by a scientist to highlight essential features, or an artist, in which case the distinction with imaginary graphics may become blurred.It can also be used for architecture. (wikipedia.org)

##### provide

- Even without pooling of data, the orderly sorting of data with meta-analytic techniques can provide useful insights into the structure of the relevant literature [ 8 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)

##### models

- In fact, digitization of health and patient data is undergoing a dramatic and fundamental shift in the clinical, operating and business models and generally in the world of economy for the foreseeable future. (springeropen.com)
- In other words, the data need not be random (as in nearly all other learning models), but can be chosen arbitrarily by "nature" or even an adversary. (wikipedia.org)
- Seismic tomography uses seismic records to create 2D and 3D images of subsurface anomalies by solving large inverse problems such that generate models consistent with observed data. (wikipedia.org)
- P-wave data are used in most local models and global models in areas with sufficient earthquake and seismograph density. (wikipedia.org)
- S- and surface wave data are used in global models when this coverage is not sufficient, such as in ocean basins and away from subduction zones. (wikipedia.org)

##### versus

- Without log scales, comparing quantities such as 10^3 versus 10^9 becomes impractical from a visual perspective. (wikipedia.org)

##### observation

- hat {\beta }}),} with yi denoting the ith response in the data set and xi the vector of explanatory variables, each set at the corresponding values found in the ith observation in the data set. (wikipedia.org)

##### intervention

- If there is a clear distinction between baseline and intervention, and then the data returns to the same trends/level during reversal, a functional relation between the variables is inferred. (wikipedia.org)

##### collection

- Follow the APA Code of Ethics (Standard 8: Research and Publication) in the treatment of human and nonhuman participants in the design, data collection, interpretation, and reporting of psychological research. (annamaria.edu)
- Under the leadership of principal investigator Richard C. Gershon, a team of more than 300 scientists from nearly 100 academic institutions were charged with developing a set of tools to enhance data collection in large cohort studies and to advance the neurobehavioral research enterprise. (wikipedia.org)

##### area

- A rapidly developing area is the software-aided biological interpretation of metabolic profiles. (frontiersin.org)

##### made

- However, in single-subject designs, these decisions are often made as the data are collected. (wikipedia.org)

##### research

- To ensure a secure and trustworthy big data environment, it is essential to identify the limitations of existing solutions and envision directions for future research. (springeropen.com)
- Safe and secure data is a crucial aspect of successful epidemiologic research. (wikipedia.org)

##### computer

- Statistical computer packages are introduced and used. (csuchico.edu)

##### available

- There is a wealth of data available on the incidence of schizophrenia. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- This approach has the convenience of being able to employ already available data from various surveying sources. (wikipedia.org)
- These became more widely available in the 1960s with the expansion of global seismic networks and in the 1970s when digital seismograph data archives were established. (wikipedia.org)
- If the model has been estimated over some, but not all, of the available data, then the model using the estimated parameters can be used to predict the held-back data. (wikipedia.org)

##### correct

- If the model fit to the data were correct, the residuals would approximate the random errors that make the relationship between the explanatory variables and the response variable a statistical relationship. (wikipedia.org)
- These inferences are based on prior experience, assuming that the most commonly correct interpretation of a cue will continue to hold true. (wikipedia.org)

##### order

- In order to achieve time-shift invariance, delays are added to the input so that multiple data points (points in time) are analyzed together. (wikipedia.org)

##### difficult

- However, deciding on the allowable uses of data while preserving security and patient's right to privacy is a difficult task. (springeropen.com)
- Making a pie chart 3D or adding a slant will make interpretation difficult due to distorted effect of perspective. (wikipedia.org)
- Often much of this information is lost or distorted by the fossilization process or diagenesis of the enclosing sediments, making interpretation difficult. (wikipedia.org)

##### predict

- Big healthcare data has considerable potential to improve patient outcomes, predict outbreaks of epidemics, gain valuable insights, avoid preventable diseases, reduce the cost of healthcare delivery and improve the quality of life in general. (springeropen.com)

##### process

- A visual percept is the final manifestation of this process. (wikipedia.org)
- The ultimate result is the same: a visual precept is manifested by the process. (wikipedia.org)

##### problem

- The data received at seismometers are used to solve an inverse problem, wherein the locations of reflection and refraction of the wave paths are determined. (wikipedia.org)

##### often

- Data can be sent to us as often as you need: six-month checks, retesting, troubleshooting or after analyzer maintenance. (mainestandards.com)
- Remote sensing data is often visualized using Geographical Information System (GIS) tools. (wikipedia.org)
- Log scales put the data values in terms of a chosen number (the base of the log) to a particular power, the base is often e (2.71828. (wikipedia.org)

##### rapidly

- Another example is the UNC Health Care (UNCHC), which is a non-profit integrated healthcare system in North Carolina that has implemented a new system allowing clinicians to rapidly access and analyze unstructured patient data using natural-language processing. (springeropen.com)

##### charts

- The use of superfluous dimensions not used to display the data of interest is discouraged for charts in general, not only for pie charts. (wikipedia.org)

##### Regulation

- This behavioral derivation led to neural network models, often called the Additive and Shunting models today (see Research), that include cell bodies, axons, and synapses in which short-term memory (STM) and long-term memory (LTM) traces have a natural interpretation in terms of neural potentials, signals, and the regulation of chemical transmitters. (wikipedia.org)

##### Methods

- 13. M. Afzali, H. Soltanian-Zadeh , "Comparison of Hierarchical and Sequential Clustering Methods for Analysis of DTI Data of TLE," Presented at and Published in the Proceedings of the 6th Iranian Conference on Machine Vision and Image Processing (MVIP'2010), Isfahan, Iran, Oct. 27-28, 2010. (henryford.com)
- We applied the following methods to resting-state EEG data from patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) for consciousness indexing and outcome prediction: microstates, entropy (i.e. approximate, permutation), power in alpha and delta frequency bands, and connectivity (i.e. weighted symbolic mutual information, symbolic transfer entropy, complex network analysis). (springer.com)
- Approaches include statistical methods, computational intelligence, and traditional symbolic AI. (wikipedia.org)
- Interpretation of quality control data involves both graphical and statistical methods. (wikipedia.org)
- The formulation of Westgard rules were based on statistical methods. (wikipedia.org)

##### Hence

- This measure is frequently corrupted by noise from various sources and hence statistical procedures are used to extract the underlying signal. (wikipedia.org)

##### cognitive

- Three of the tasks involved cognitive control over visual imagery (imagination, suppression, and erasing) and two were baseline tasks (free imagination, resting). (blogspot.com.au)
- Pathological science, as defined by Langmuir, is a psychological process in which a scientist, originally conforming to the scientific method, unconsciously veers from that method, and begins a pathological process of wishful data interpretation (see the observer-expectancy effect and cognitive bias). (wikipedia.org)

##### symbolic

- Daw CS, Finney CEA, Tracy ER (2003) A review of symbolic analysis of experimental data. (springer.com)

##### Analysis

- Work on visualization tools for area-based spatial data has taken place within the framework of existing statistical and cartographic software, independently of ViSC software such as Iris or AVS (Earnshaw and Wiseman 1992).This may be in part due to the way in which visualization of this type of spatial data has grown out of initial concerns with the lack of spatial analysis facilities in GIS systems. (agocg.ac.uk)
- 8) data analysis. (biomedcentral.com)
- The algorithm measures the similarity of relations between pairs of words (e.g., the similarity between the pairs HAND:PALM and FOOT:SOLE) by statistical analysis of a large collection of text. (wikipedia.org)
- Grossberg knew no neuroscience when he derived his first neural models in 1957-58 from a real-time analysis of behavioral learning data. (wikipedia.org)

##### tools

- The provision of specialist tools for exploring spatial properties of the data, in addition to the linking of a map with graphical views. (agocg.ac.uk)
- Article 47g of the Broadcasting Act imposes the obligation to gradually ensure the availability of programmes provided for disabled persons with sight dysfunction and hearing dysfunction on providers of on-demand audiovisual media services through the introduction of appropriate tools such as audio-description, subtitles and interpretations into sign language. (gov.pl)

##### study

- We would stress again that the intention of this case study is to present a review of what is the current state of the art in the visualization of area-based spatial data across the range of available software packages, rather than making detailed comparisons between them. (agocg.ac.uk)
- Our three study questions were: What is the level of visual impairment in patients scheduled for cataract surgery? (beds.ac.uk)
- As such, this study seeks to explore visual impairment thresholds for cataract surgery and levels of improvement seen following cataract surgery in Canada. (beds.ac.uk)
- The control charts: a statistical approach to the study of manufacturing process variation for the purpose of improving the economic effectiveness of the process. (wikipedia.org)

##### results

- However, it also has disadvantages, including false-positive results after deterioration of the enzyme activity by exposure to high temperature and humidity, dependence on visual evaluation, and quenching by hemoglobin. (aaccjnls.org)
- The effect is of a magnitude that remains close to the limit of detectability, or many measurements are necessary because of the very low statistical significance of the results. (wikipedia.org)

##### process

- The control chart, also known as the 'Shewhart chart' or 'process-behavior chart' is a statistical tool intended to assess the nature of variation in a process and to facilitate forecasting and management. (wikipedia.org)

##### among

- Confusion often arises due to the varied interpretation of 'independence' among different branches of biology. (wikipedia.org)

##### image

- The tasks performed in the scanner involved forming a visual mental image of a geometric shape and then manipulating this visual image. (blogspot.com.au)

##### evaluation

- This paper reports data collected for an evaluation of cataract surgery outcomes conducted at Fraser Health Authority ophthalmology practices in British Columbia between April 2009 and March 2010. (beds.ac.uk)
- The ultimate goal of all evaluation was recognizing the opponents goal by pro-active identification of data. (wikipedia.org)

##### state

- 7 . One or more computer readable media as recited in claim 1 , wherein the plurality of instructions to encode the smoothness constraint comprises instructions that cause the one or more processors to generate Joint Probability Data Association Filter (JPDAF) state transition probabilities. (google.ca)

##### paper

- We modified the macroscopic visual Beutler enzyme spot test by adding extraction of blood components from filter paper, deproteinization with acetone-methanol, and quantification and recording by a fluorescent microplate reader and personal computer. (aaccjnls.org)

##### patients

- Twenty-three percent of patients achieved improvements in visual function beyond the MCID threshold and 35% saw improvement beyond the MDC. (beds.ac.uk)
- Thirty-two percent of RESIO patients scheduled for first cataract surgery had a pre-operative visual function score of 90 or higher on the visual functioning VF-14 scale (where 100 is full visual functioning). (beds.ac.uk)

##### high

- A plausible explanation for this is the very high levels of pre-operative visual functioning. (beds.ac.uk)
- With such high levels of visual function, the scope for improvements in functioning is very limited. (beds.ac.uk)
- Capabilities generally classified as AI as of 2017[update] include successfully understanding human speech, competing at a high level in strategic game systems (such as chess and Go), autonomous cars, intelligent routing in content delivery networks, military simulations, and interpreting complex data, including images and videos. (wikipedia.org)

##### range

- The provision of a wide range of cartographical and statistical views of data in linked windows. (agocg.ac.uk)
- For example, in programmes transmitted via terrestrial digital television, programmes with subtitles for hearing impaired persons (data for the 3rd quarter of 2015) range from 5.5% (one of the commercial sports channels) to 36.5% (TVP Channel 1) of the transmission time, excluding advertising and teleshopping. (gov.pl)

##### present

- 2011 present aura x data of the extension needed in airway rights own 23 27 1982 after normative journey in particular interests and discourses. (cdmw.de)

##### available

- Whatever the reason, it would be extremely interesting to see whether ViSC products could in fact be used for the visualization of area-based data, since they are already available to the academic community and structures have been put in place to support them and this is also suggested as a topic for future research. (agocg.ac.uk)
- s complete 12 TB data set is publicly available at the Open Connectome Project. (wikipedia.org)