• organs
  • Situs inversus , a congenital condition in which the major visceral organs are reversed or mirrored from their normal positions. (wikipedia.org)
  • organs contained within the membrane are considered intraperitoneal and are almost completely covered with visceral peritoneum. (varsitytutors.com)
  • Most blood returning from the digestive organs (including from the area of distribution of the celiac artery) is diverted to the liver via the portal venous system for further processing and detoxification in the liver before returning to the systemic circulation via the hepatic veins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Visceral fat, also known as organ fat or intra-abdominal fat, is located inside the peritoneal cavity, packed in between internal organs and torso, as opposed to subcutaneous fat, which is found underneath the skin, and intramuscular fat, which is found interspersed in skeletal muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nutcracker
  • We report a case of SMA syndrome and Nutcracker phenomenon in a 19-year-old female who presented to our emergency department with a short history of epigastric pain and emesis. (hindawi.com)
  • We describe a rare emergency presentation of SMA syndrome with coexisting Nutcracker phenomenon. (hindawi.com)
  • clinical
  • Recognition of SMA syndrome as a distinct clinical entity is controversial, due in part to its possible confusion with a number of other conditions, though it is now widely acknowledged. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the clinical triad of impotence, pelvis and thigh claudication, and absence of the femoral pulses are present, it may also be called Leriche syndrome, which usually affects younger (30-40 year old) males Aortoiliac occlusive disease is more common in the elderly with an advanced atherosclerotic disease. (barnard.in)
  • Clinical and Radiologic Considerations for Idiopathic Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • duodenal
  • As opposed to traditional imaging modalities like upper gastrointestinal and mesenteric arteriography, which depict either the bowel or vasculature respectively, CT enables direct visualization of obstructed bowel owing to duodenal compression by the SMA. (ctisus.com)
  • distal
  • To define the anatomic landmarks, the takeoff of the left subclavian artery is used as the distal extent of the aortic arch. (mhmedical.com)
  • The aortic arch has three major branches: from proximal to distal, they are the brachiocephalic trunk, the left common carotid artery, and the left subclavian artery. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • however, the SMA syndrome is typically managed conservatively in the first instance, consistent with the approach described in this case. (hindawi.com)
  • lymph
  • may mimic appendicitis and cause right lower quadrant pain, anorexia, low grade fever, and vomiting preceding the onset of diarrhea leading to a syndrome of mesenteric adenitis (lymph node enlargement) and terminal ileitis. (doctorslounge.com)
  • aortic arch
  • The aortic arch loops over the left pulmonary artery and the bifurcation of the pulmonary trunk, to which it remains connected by the ligamentum arteriosum, a remnant of the fetal circulation that is obliterated a few days after birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • gastrointestinal
  • SMA syndrome is thus considered only after patients have undergone an extensive evaluation of their gastrointestinal tract including upper endoscopy, and evaluation for various malabsorptive, ulcerative and inflammatory instestinal conditions with a higher diagnostic frequency. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast there is a group of patients with a similar pseudo-obstructive syndrome in whom there is no recognised underlying non-gastrointestinal disease. (bmj.com)
  • causes
  • Other causes include inflammatory bowel syndrome, gastric cancer, referred pain (from a myocardial infarction, pleural disease or spinal disease) and psychosomatic diseases. (doctorslounge.com)