• pathogen
  • However, some people cannot take attenuated vaccines because the pathogen poses too much risk for them (for example, elderly people or people with immunodeficiency). (wikipedia.org)
  • prophylactic
  • The purpose of this Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is to support multi-component, multi-disciplinary projects that address important scientific questions relevant to AIDS prophylactic vaccine discovery research. (nih.gov)
  • immunity
  • The subsequent vaccine organism retains the ability to duplicate and produce immunity , but generally does not cause illness. (omicsonline.org)
  • A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease . (wikipedia.org)
  • As an example of how vaccines are made, here is an explanation of how the swine flu (H1N1/09) vaccine was made in 2009: First, seed stock of the specific virus strain, for which the vaccine was made to provide immunity, was selected, collected and grown so that there would be parts of it to put in the vaccine. (answers.com)
  • Compartmental models in epidemiology Herd immunity Risk assessment in public health Vaccine-naive Anthony N. Glaser. (wikipedia.org)
  • subunit
  • Subunit vaccines are produced by purifying out the antigens that best stimulate the immune system to mount a response to the virus, while removing other components necessary for the virus to replicate or survive or that can cause adverse reactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Virology
  • When it comes to microbiology and virology the microbes are termed as the heart for most of the pressing problems solution in world.it also represents the increasing importance of human mortality around the globe, thereby vaccine development plays an important role in terms of global health. (vaccineconferences.com)
  • antigens
  • Activities at the institute include quality control of schedule C & C1 drugs, manufacturing of anti-snake venom serum, diagnostic reagents (antigens and antisera), maintenance and supply of bacterial cultures, small animals, bacterial and virological diagnosis, and food sample testing. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2016
  • In January 2016, Moderna announced a new agreement with Merck to license a vaccine program for an undisclosed virus - mRNA 1566 and a group of related new vaccine candidates. (wikipedia.org)
  • In June 2016, Moderna entered into a new collaboration with Merck to develop mRNA-based personalized cancer vaccines to treat multiple types of cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • In July 2016, Moderna and AstraZeneca announced the filing of a clinical trial application for investigational cardiometabolic mRNA drug AZD8601, which encodes for vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A). In September 2016, Moderna announced a funding award from BARDA to develop a Zika mRNA vaccine. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • See the related questions for what ingredients are in the swine flu vaccines as examples of commonly used materials in the manufacturing process. (answers.com)
  • The bacterial agents most commonly linked with BRD are Mannheimia haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida, Haemophilus somnus, and Mycoplasma bovis. (wikipedia.org)
  • viruses
  • In 2007, immunologists discovered mutated vaccine-resistant viruses were causing disease. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • The viruses in the vaccine can also mutate or recombine into a deadlier version, igniting new outbreaks. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • The viruses were then combined with the other ingredients that may or may not include preservatives, along with stabilizers (gelatin sometimes), and liquid such as saline to be the medium to contain the vaccine for administration. (answers.com)
  • immune
  • The son has been treated for leukemia and is still immune-compromised, has not received the live measles vaccine, as it might be dangerous for him. (blogspot.com)
  • The present uncertainty of which live viral or bacterial vaccines can be given to immunodeficient patients and the growing neglect of societal adherence to routine immunizations has prompted the Medical Advisory Committee of the Immune Deficiency Foundation to issue recommendations based on published literature and the collective experience of the committee members. (blogspot.com)
  • The study, Temperature-dependent innate defense against the common cold virus limits viral replication at warm temperature in mouse airway cells, investigates the relationship between temperature and an immune response. (wikipedia.org)
  • candidates
  • The facility produces pre-license Phase 1 vaccine candidates under cGMP conditions using both bacterial and viral based technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its business methodology is to work with government agencies through interagency agreements and with private companies through CRADAs (Cooperative Research and Development Agreements) in order to produce vaccine candidates. (wikipedia.org)
  • organization
  • Paragon Bioservices is a contract research and manufacturing organization (CMO) whose focus is the production of bacterial and viral vaccines. (terrapinn.com)
  • Pilot Bioproduction Facility of the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) is a facility that is a Contract Manufacturing Organization (CMO), whose mission is to perform vaccine production on a pilot scale. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Vaccine and Infectious Disease Organization-International Vaccine Centre is a research organization of the University of Saskatchewan that operates with financial support from the governments of Saskatchewan as well as Government of Canada and industry competitive grants, foundation grants and royalties from licensed products. (wikipedia.org)
  • In March 2003, VIDO's name was changed to the Vaccine and Infectious Disease Organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • research
  • By bringing ten events together under one roof, you get to choose the sessions which are the most applicable to help your business plan for the future of vaccine research, development and manufacture. (terrapinn.com)
  • From 1988 to 1991, he was Vice President of Human Vaccines Research and Development and Production. (wikipedia.org)
  • improper
  • When manufactured correctly, the vaccine is not infectious, but improper inactivation can result in intact and infectious particles. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotics
  • This is due not only to the overuse of antibiotics in medicine and, more importantly, in agricultural animal feed, but also likely due to the widespread use of the Prevnar vaccine. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • With the introduction of antibiotics and vaccines in the 20th century, survival improved. (wikipedia.org)
  • strain
  • This needed to be an easy and quickly grown virus strain to produce the vaccine as soon as possible for the new virus during the swine flu pandemic. (answers.com)
  • include
  • Viral agents include Bovine viral diarrhea (BVD), Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR), Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV), and Parainfluenza type-3 virus (PI-3). (wikipedia.org)
  • portions
  • Then they harvested portions to use in the vaccines and purified them to remove as much egg protein and potential contaminants as possible. (answers.com)
  • Human
  • Extensive modeling of vaccine concepts in non-human primates may be included. (nih.gov)
  • The continuing human and economic toll of HIV/AIDS requires a redoubled effort to develop a preventive HIV vaccine. (nih.gov)
  • design
  • These recent results have opened new horizons and hypotheses that can be exploited for vaccine design and evaluation. (nih.gov)
  • effective
  • Additionally, vaccines are not completely effective in stopping the disease, but are merely helpful in mitigation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Attenuated vaccines are often preferable for generally healthy people because a single dose is often safe and very effective. (wikipedia.org)
  • program
  • In addition to vaccines, Ryan has worked on clean water solutions and in 2009 was awarded a Cartier Women's Initiative Awards for a wastewater cleaning program utilizing blue-green algae and solar energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • world
  • The average person in the United States and, for that matter, most of the world has been convinced - or a better term might be "manipulated" - that there is an overwhelming benefit received from vaccines. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • Subsequently, there was an increase in cases throughout the United States and also in the rest of the world of strains that were not included in the vaccine. (healthimpactnews.com)
  • cases
  • After the introduction of new vaccines, the number of cases dropped to fewer than 150 per year (median of 56). (wikipedia.org)
  • After the introduction of new vaccines, the number of cases dropped to fewer than 150 per year (median of 56). (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • Heidi J. Larson, PhD, is Director of the Vaccine Confidence Project at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, where she is a Professor of Anthropology, Risk and Decision Science. (terrapinn.com)