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  • vaccine
  • Immunisation and vaccination training for the NHS and private healthcare sector further provides current information on vaccine-preventable diseases, and their associated medications. (skillsplatform.org)
  • The only vaccines containing gelatine in the UK routine vaccination schedule are the MMR vaccine , the shingles vaccine , and the children's nasal flu vaccine . (www.nhs.uk)
  • In 1904 in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, following an urban renewal program that displaced many poor, a government program of mandatory smallpox vaccination triggered the Vaccine Revolt, several days of rioting with considerable property damage and a number of deaths. (wikipedia.org)
  • For instance, yellow fever vaccination is on the routine vaccine schedule of French Guiana, is recommended in certain regions of Brazil but in the United States is only given to travelers heading to countries with a history of the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The use of combination vaccine products means that, as of 2013[update], the United Kingdom's immunization program consists of 9 injections by the age of two, rather than 22 if vaccination for each disease was given as a separate injection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most vaccination protocols recommend a series of vaccines for kittens, with vaccine boosters given at one year of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Frequency of vaccination thereafter varies depending on the lifestyle of the individual cat, including: indoor vs. outdoor travel plans kennel/boarding plans underlying disease conditions other exposure risks, the disease and vaccine type being considered. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its recommendations, including the abolition of cumulative penalties and the use of safer vaccine were incorporated into the 1898 Vaccination Act. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some vaccines will protect even if they are given just after infection, but even if the vaccine does not, ring vaccination can prevent the virus from being transmitted again, to the contacts' contacts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Efficacy and effectiveness of an rVSV-vectored vaccine expressing Ebola surface glycoprotein: interim results from the Guinea ring vaccination cluster-randomised tria" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • The stated goal of the group is to lower the incidence of vaccine-preventable diseases in the region by increasing vaccination rates, raising awareness of the importance of vaccination and providing clear and accurate information about vaccines. (wikipedia.org)
  • In response to her stance on vaccination, Gaylard has received hateful phone calls, much anti-vaccine material by post and has had her daughter approached by a stranger in a supermarket asking if Gaylard was her mother. (wikipedia.org)
  • The group is strongly against any form of compulsory vaccination, but Dorey disputes that the group is an anti-vaccine organisation. (wikipedia.org)
  • National Anti-Vaccination League Anti-Vaccination League of Canada Vaccine controversies Karie Youngdahl (March 8, 2012). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Philippine Department of Health (DOH), on December 1, 2017, temporarily suspends a school-based dengue vaccination program after French drug based-Dengvaxia vaccine maker Sanofi Pasteur made a statement, two days prior, that its product poses higher risks to people without prior dengue infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to that, in 2016, the Department of Health (DOH), launched the dengue vaccination in regions Central Luzon, Calabarzon and Metro Manila, where about 700,000 individuals received at least one dose of the vaccine. (wikipedia.org)
  • vaccines
  • Vaccination with irradiated granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)-secreting gene-transduced cancer vaccines induces tumoricidal immune responses. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Adults need to keep their vaccinations up to date because immunity from childhood vaccines can wear off over time. (cdc.gov)
  • With some vaccines, a goal of vaccination policies is to eradicate the disease - make it disappear from Earth altogether. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over the past two decades, the recommended vaccination schedule has grown rapidly and become more complicated as many new vaccines have been developed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sample vaccination schedules discussed by the World Health Organization show a developed country using a schedule which extends over the first five years of a child's life and uses vaccines which cost over $700 including administration costs while a developing country uses a schedule providing vaccines in the first 9 months of life and costing only $25. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Organization monitors vaccination schedules across the world, noting what vaccines are included in each country's program, the coverage rates achieved and various auditing measures. (wikipedia.org)
  • A number of controversies surrounding adverse reactions to vaccines have resulted in authorities revising their guidelines for feline vaccination. (wikipedia.org)
  • WSAVA also prefers serological testing over unnecessary boosters or re-vaccination doses of core vaccines after the initial 12-month booster that follows the kitten series of modified live virus [MLV] vaccines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antibody tests can be used to demonstrate the DOI after vaccination with core vaccines, though not for non-core vaccines. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, the Family Research Council opposes mandatory vaccination against HPV, a virus that causes various cancers, writing, "Our primary concern is with the message that would be delivered to nine- to 12-year-olds with the administration of the vaccines. (wikipedia.org)
  • A number of controversies surrounding adverse reactions to vaccines have resulted in authoritative bodies revising their guidelines as to the type, frequency, and methods/locations for dog vaccination. (wikipedia.org)

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  • compulsory vaccination
  • Compulsory vaccination greatly reduces infection rates for associated diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Compulsory vaccination is a difficult policy issue, requiring authorities to balance public health with individual liberty: "Vaccination is unique among de facto mandatory requirements in the modern era, requiring individuals to accept the injection of a medicine or medicinal agent into their bodies, and it has provoked a spirited opposition. (wikipedia.org)
  • The National Anti-Vaccination League was founded in 1896 in Britain, growing from earlier smaller organizations in London, originally under the title Anti-Compulsory Vaccination League. (wikipedia.org)
  • The organisation opposed compulsory vaccination, particularly against smallpox. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1866 Richard B. Gibbs formed the first Anti-Compulsory Vaccination League in the UK (Address: Office 1 South Place, Finsbury, London E.C.)[citation needed]. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1880 the movement was enlarged and reorganised by the formation of "The London Society for the Abolition of Compulsory Vaccination," and an office was opened in Victoria Street, Westminster, with William Young as secretary. (wikipedia.org)
  • It reported that many petitions had been presented to Parliament against Compulsory Vaccination, and many from parents who alleged that their children had died through the operation, and complained that these petitions had not been made public. (wikipedia.org)
  • The journal reported the formation of an Anti- Compulsory Vaccination League "To overthrow this huge piece of physiological absurdity and medical tyranny, and quoted Richard Gibbs, who ran the Free Hospital at the same address as stating "I believe we have hundreds of cases here, from being poisoned with vaccination, I deem incurable. (wikipedia.org)
  • refuse vaccination
  • However, if a vaccination program successfully reduces the disease threat, it may reduce the perceived risk of disease enough so that an individual's optimal strategy is to encourage everyone but their family to be vaccinated, or (more generally) to refuse vaccination at coverage levels below those optimal for the community. (wikipedia.org)
  • influenza
  • Increasing seasonal influenza vaccination uptake among these groups is a key strategy to reduce the burden of influenza in the European Region. (who.int)
  • WHO/Europe also monitors seasonal influenza vaccination coverage and policies in the Region, in order to provide technical assistance to Member States that are expanding their seasonal influenza vaccination programmes. (who.int)
  • For example, a 2003 study found that a bioterrorist attack using smallpox would result in conditions where voluntary vaccination would be unlikely to reach the optimum level for the U.S. as a whole, and a 2007 study found that severe influenza epidemics cannot be prevented by voluntary vaccination without offering certain incentives. (wikipedia.org)
  • diseases
  • An innovation-driven approach - ranging from vaccination to other health management solutions and appropriate biosecurity measures - will ensure more sustainable future livestock farming and protection of public health, as animal diseases do not recognise borders, Roxane Feller told EURACTIV.com. (euractiv.com)
  • Vaccination policies aim to produce immunity to preventable diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • As of 2009[update], the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) now recommends vaccination against at least fourteen diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Epidemic
  • The pulse vaccination strategy is a method used to eradicate an epidemic by repeatedly vaccinating a group at risk, over a defined age range, until the spread of the pathogen has been stopped. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acts
  • In 1898 a new vaccination law was passed, in some respects modifying, but not superseding, previous Acts, giving conditional exemption of conscientious objectors, (and substituting calf lymph for humanised lymph). (wikipedia.org)
  • immunity
  • Besides individual protection from getting ill, some vaccination policies also aim to provide the community as a whole with herd immunity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Governments often allow exemptions to mandatory vaccinations for religious or philosophical reasons, but decreased rates of vaccination may cause loss of herd immunity, substantially increasing risks even to vaccinated individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • exemption
  • It removed cumulative penalties and introduced a conscience clause, allowing parents who did not believe vaccination was efficacious or safe to obtain a certificate of exemption. (wikipedia.org)
  • Almost no religions object to vaccination, and some parents either fake religious adherence or invent fake religions to provide exemption. (wikipedia.org)
  • School, the United States District Court in New York affirmed the permissibility of claiming religious exemption from vaccination on the basis of such membership. (wikipedia.org)
  • routine
  • Because these factors may change over time, many professional organizations recommend routine annual examinations, where a vaccination plan for each individual feline can be decided during a discussion between the veterinarian and cat owner. (wikipedia.org)
  • In countries where routine rabies vaccination of dogs is practiced, for example, rabies in humans is reduced to a very rare event. (wikipedia.org)
  • opposition
  • This opposition began with the first vaccinations, has not ceased, and probably never will. (wikipedia.org)
  • When vaccination was introduced into UK public policy, and adoption followed overseas, there was opposition from trade unionists and others, including sectarian ministers and those interested in self-help and alternative medicines like homeopathy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vast majority of doctors agree that opposition to vaccination applies to a fringe medical science viewpoint. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1904
  • with correspondence thereon, between A. Phelps and T. Percy C. Kirkpatrick) 1904, The Story of the Vaccination Crusade in Hackney & Stoke Newington, 1902-1904, and what came of it. (wikipedia.org)
  • India
  • Later he became a member of the Royal Jennererian Society, which was established when vaccination was accepted in Britain, India, the US, and elsewhere. (wikipedia.org)
  • controversial
  • On December 15, former Education and Skills Development Augusto Syjuco Jr. filed on "mass murder" and plunder complaints against Aquino and former health secretary Janette Garin over the controversial vaccination program. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • Rational individuals will attempt to minimize the risk of illness, and will seek vaccination for themselves or their children if they perceive a high threat of disease and a low risk to vaccination. (wikipedia.org)
  • To eliminate the risk of disease outbreaks, at various times governments and other institutions established policies requiring vaccination. (wikipedia.org)
  • DNA vaccination is a technique for protecting against disease by injection with genetically engineered DNA so cells directly produce an antigen, producing a protective immunological response. (wikipedia.org)
  • Respiratory tract disease vaccination may be given intra-nasally (in the nose) in some cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ring vaccination hinders the spread of a disease by vaccinating only those who are most likely to be infected. (wikipedia.org)
  • The concept of T cell vacination is, at least partially, analogous to classical vaccination against infectious disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research on T cell vaccination so far has focused mostly on multiple sclerosis and to a lesser extent on rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease and AIDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • To prevent others suffering, we want to send a positive message out there to people who are confused or hesitant about vaccinations, to provide honest and clear information, and to support one another as we strive to prevent infectious disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the statement by the dengue vaccination maker Sanofi Pasteur on December 1, 2017, DOH suspended the vaccination program based in schools due to the concern that it worsen the disease in some cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1898
  • The Vaccination Act of 1898 purported to give liberty of non-vaccination, but this liberty was not really obtained. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the year 1907 the Government recognised that the magistrates had practically declined to carry out the law of 1898, and, consequently, a new law-the Vaccination Act, 1907 (7 Edw. (wikipedia.org)
  • This was done in an 1898 Act, which also introduced a conscience clause that exempted parents who did not believe vaccination was efficacious or safe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health
  • Public health authorities at EU and national level have started working to "occupy more of the space on social media", as it is currently almost entirely taken up by people who are against vaccination, Dr Andrea Ammon told EURACTIV.com in an interview. (euractiv.com)
  • Vaccination policy refers to the health policy a government adopts in relation to vaccination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vaccinations are voluntary in some countries and mandatory in others, as part of their public health system. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Organization coordinated the effort to eradicate smallpox globally through vaccination, the last naturally occurring case of smallpox was in Somalia in 1977. (wikipedia.org)
  • Programs supporting regular feline vaccination have contributed both to the health of cats and to public health. (wikipedia.org)
  • It consolidated and updated the existing laws relating to vaccination, and was repealed by the National Health Service Act 1946. (wikipedia.org)
  • Under this law the parent escaped penalties for the non-vaccination of his child if within four months from the birth he made a statutory declaration that he confidently believed that vaccination would be prejudicial to the health of the child, and within seven days thereafter delivered, or sent by post, the declaration to the Vaccination Officer of the district. (wikipedia.org)
  • The group has been described as a provider of "misleading, inaccurate, and deceptive" vaccination information by the New South Wales Health Care Complaints Commission (HCCC), and has been heavily criticised by doctors and other experts on immunisation. (wikipedia.org)
  • DOH Secretary Francisco Duque III said that "In the light of this new analysis, the DOH will place the dengue vaccination on hold while review and consultation is ongoing with experts, key stakeholders and the World Health Organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • prefers
  • For example, you could use Zostavax if a person is allergic to Shingrix, prefers Zostavax, or requests immediate vaccination and Shingrix is unavailable. (cdc.gov)
  • among
  • An electronic immunisation record system, which aims to better monitor vaccination among populations, will need clear privacy rules and individuals should be the owners of their own data, Patricia Massetti told EURACTIV.com in an interview. (euractiv.com)
  • regulations
  • Adhere to stringent regulations surrounding immunisation and vaccination training procedures by ensuring your staff have access to adequate training and up-to-date information on best practices. (skillsplatform.org)
  • and the abolition of all regulations in regard to vaccination as conditions, of employment in State Departments, or of admission to Educational, or other Institutions. (wikipedia.org)
  • public
  • That notice of this requirement, and information as to the local arrangements for public vaccination, shall, whenever a birth is registered, be given by the registrar of births to the parents or guardians of the child. (wikipedia.org)
  • children
  • As of 2013, the Northern Rivers town of Mullumbimby had the lowest rate of childhood vaccinations in Australia, with under 50% of one, two and five year-old children fully vaccinated. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vaccination campaign targeted all children of applicable ages in Kousséri, ensuring protection for Cameroonian and refugee children alike. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vitamin A supplement tablets were also provided to approximately 34,000 children along with the vaccinations. (wikipedia.org)
  • safe
  • Common objections included government intervention in personal matters or that proposed vaccinations were not sufficiently safe. (wikipedia.org)