• hysterical
  • Despite the notion of hysterical soldiers clashing with nationalist and revanchist ideas of the time, diagnoses of hysteria were soon made by military medical personnel. (wikipedia.org)
  • The standard cure for this "hysterical suffocation" was scent therapy, in which good smells were placed under a woman's genitals and bad odors at the nose, while sneezing could be also induced to drive the uterus back to its correct place. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rachel Maines hypothesized that doctors from the classical era up until the early 20th century commonly treated hysteria by masturbating female patients to orgasm (termed "hysterical paroxysm"), and that the inconvenience of this may have driven the early development of and the market for the vibrator. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jorden (1603) called the disorder manifested in Jackson (and in the majority of supposed witches) by two terms: hysterical, and strangulatus uteri, or "suffocation of the mother" (mother here being an old-fashioned term for the uterus), since a choking in the throat was a common accompaniment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Freud
  • It was Freud, after all, who developed the theories of penis envy (that women secretly felt inferior to men, lacking a penis) and hysteria ("wandering uterus"-that women have a condition in which unconscious emotional conflicts appear as severe mental dissociation or as physical symptoms. (centerforinquiry.net)
  • It fell to Charcot, Janet, and Freud to clarify the distinction between neurological illness and hysteria. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Freud, in 1886, gave a paper about the topic of male hysteria to the Imperial Society of Physicians in Vienna. (wikipedia.org)
  • In later works, Freud would reject Charcot's distinction between the two types of hysteria, arguing that trauma is the cause of hysteria in both men and women, though he broadened the definition of trauma to include repressed memories of sexual experiences, and believed that recalling traumatic memories could cure hysteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • The history of hysteria has seen the approach of Ilza Veith, in which there is one disorder constant across time, and in which Freud is the hero with history becoming a steady progress towards his insights, replaced in the 1990s by scholarship based on closer knowledge of the original source texts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many cases that had previously been labeled hysteria were reclassified by Sigmund Freud as anxiety neuroses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hysteria Beyond Freud. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prominent physicians of this era, including neurologist Sigmund Freud, argued that women were biologically suited to homemaking and housework, as they did not have enough blood to power both the brain and the uterus. (wikipedia.org)
  • woman's body
  • Plato talks of the uterus as a separate being inside women, while Aretaeus described it as "an animal within an animal" (less emotively, "a living thing inside a living thing"), which causes symptoms by wandering around a woman's body putting pressure on other organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • emotional
  • Male "traumatic hysteria", as defined by Charcot, was a distinct disease from female hysteria in that it was linked to traumatic shock rather than sexuality or emotional distress, so the gendered stereotyping was still at work in Charcot's thinking. (wikipedia.org)
  • humours
  • There was also the idea that there was a build up of humours, or fluid in the uterus that needed to be purged in order to cure the female patient of the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • epilepsy
  • Aretaeus offered clinical descriptions of a number of diseases among which he gave classic accounts of asthma, epilepsy, pneumonia, tetanus, uterus cancer and different kinds of insanity. (wikipedia.org)
  • For instance, before the introduction of electroencephalography, epilepsy was frequently confused with hysteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • illness
  • In contemporary usage, the name hysteria is given to a form of mental illness characterized by the exhibition of bodily signs such as paralysis or spasmodic movements and by complaints about the body, such as anesthesia or pain. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In theory, this was accomplished by defining hysteria as the unconscious imitation of illness, and malingering as the conscious imitation of it. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Those who consider hysteria an illness usually qualify it as a mental illness. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Today, female hysteria is no longer a recognized illness, but different manifestations of hysteria are recognized in other conditions such as schizophrenia, borderline personality disorder, conversion disorder, and anxiety attacks. (wikipedia.org)
  • diseases
  • During the first ten centuries of Christianity, with medical thought stagnating under the authoritarian influence of Galenic concepts, most cases of hysteria were probably mistaken for various bodily diseases. (encyclopedia.com)
  • He differentiated nervous diseases and mental disorders and described hysteria, headaches, mania and melancholia. (wikipedia.org)
  • controversial
  • By this point, the incidence of "classical" hysteria in males was accepted by Freud's audience, but Charcot's traumatic variant was still controversial and evoked discussion among the present medical doctors. (wikipedia.org)
  • widely
  • Although Maines's theory that hysteria was treated by masturbating female patients to orgasm is widely repeated in the literature on female anatomy and sexuality, some historians dispute Maines's claims about the prevalence of this treatment for hysteria and about its relevance to the invention of the vibrator, describing them as a distortion of the evidence or that it was only relevant to an extremely narrow group. (wikipedia.org)
  • Psychology
  • claim that the decline was due to laypeople gaining a greater understanding of the psychology behind conversion disorders such as hysteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • reproductive
  • This, Wikipedia tells me - and I highly recommend turning to Wikipedia whenever you have a pressing question about your reproductive system, because, really, why not crowd-source your hysteria? (herbadmother.com)
  • medical
  • The uterus can be diagnosed for fertility using advanced medical technologies. (drmalpani.com)
  • The situation gradually began to change: in 1859, Paul Briquet remarked that "we saw little hysteria in men because we did not want to see it", and between 1875 and 1902, some three hundred medical articles were devoted to the topic of male hysteria, as well as dozens of dissertations. (wikipedia.org)
  • physician
  • clarification needed] One American physician expressed pleasure in the fact that the country was "catching up" to Europe in the prevalence of hysteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • female
  • Now, from height of modern scientific knowledge, we understand that the uterus has to 'hysteria' the most mediocre relation, but here with a floor, more precisely, with escort in Ukraine female aspiration to subordination, with escort in Ukraine female desire to be given to man's passion here communication the most direct. (kiev-golden-escorts.com)
  • The underlying anxiety is assumed to have been "converted" into a physical symptom, and was considered to be a female disease brought about by movement of the uterus). (centerforinquiry.net)
  • Dating back to 1900 BC in Ancient Egypt, the first descriptions of hysteria within the female body were found recorded on the Kahun Papyri. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hysteria was referred to as "the widow's disease", because the female semen was believed to turn venomous if not released through regular climax or intercourse. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fumigating the body with special fragrances would supposedly place the uterus into its natural spot in the female body. (wikipedia.org)
  • condition
  • They showed that hysteria is a condition resembling physical disease that occurs in persons with healthy bodies. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Endometriosis is a condition in which the layer of tissue that normally covers the inside of the uterus grows outside of it. (wikipedia.org)
  • disease
  • The group of phenomena we now call hysteria and regard as a type of mental disease has been known since antiquity. (encyclopedia.com)
  • During the Middle Ages, as the attitude toward sickness changed from naturalistic to demonotheologic, many cases of hysteria, and undoubtedly of organic disease too, were interpreted as manifestations of witchcraft. (encyclopedia.com)
  • With the flowering of empiricism and science during the Renaissance, hysteria was again rediscovered as a disease. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The most popular view today is that hysteria is a disease. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The idea that hysteria is an organic disease has the merit of being logical. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In this frame of reference, hysteria is a disease that happens to a person: he suffers from it and may be cured of it. (encyclopedia.com)
  • cases
  • As diagnostic techniques improved, the number of ambiguous cases that might have been attributed to hysteria declined. (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • Wittmann was known for her attractiveness and ability to make herself the center of attention, based on her hysteria and lavish performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • idea
  • In Medieval times, this idea of the "wandering uterus" persisted, as did the methods of treatment. (wikipedia.org)
  • movement
  • Pacyga's response to the allegations against Lynch included his concerns about the 'hysteria' caused by the Me Too movement, a wish that Lynch's accusers were publicly named, and a tricky analogy involving Japanese internment camps. (minnpost.com)