• bladder
  • Stretch receptors in the bladder signal the parasympathetic nervous system to stimulate the muscarinic receptors in the detrusor to contract the muscle when the bladder is extended. (wikipedia.org)
  • cancer
  • Our results suggest that Suriname represents a middle- to high-risk country for cervical cancer but a low-risk country for other female urogenital malignancies, and that these tumors may have a predilection for both older and younger women of Hindustani and Creole background rather than those with a Javanese background. (adekusjournal.sr)
  • organs
  • The Pax Genes, or Paired-Box Containing Genes, play important roles in the development and proliferation of multiple cell lines, development of organs, and development and organization of the central nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • central nervou
  • lungs and central nervous system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Similar patterning during embryological development can be observed in "basal chordates or ascidians," in which organization of the central nervous system in ascidian larvae are also controlled by fibroblast growth factor genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • females
  • for example, parthenogenic reproduction produced only females rather than males, which is the opposite of what is to be expected in the ZW system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Birds and many insects have a similar system of sex determination (ZW sex-determination system), in which it is the females that are heterogametic (ZW), while males are homogametic (ZZ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Many insects of the order Hymenoptera instead have a system (the haplo-diploid sex-determination system), where the males are haploid individuals (which have just one chromosome of each type), while the females are diploid (with chromosomes appearing in pairs). (wikipedia.org)
  • however
  • However, the social system of the spotted hyena is openly competitive rather than cooperative, with access to kills, mating opportunities and the time of dispersal for males depending on the ability to dominate other clan-members. (wikipedia.org)
  • Type
  • Some other insects have the X0 sex-determination system, where just one chromosome type appears in pairs for the female but alone in the males, while all other chromosomes appear in pairs in both sexes. (wikipedia.org)
  • early
  • In the early years of the 21st century such observations prompted research that demonstrated that all pythons and boas so far investigated definitely have the XY system of sex determination. (wikipedia.org)