• blood
  • The nephron extracts urine (yellow) from blood vessels (red) using the glomerulus. (sciencephoto.com)
  • The renal system filters the plasma of blood and regulates blood volume by excreting excess water in the form of urine. (lumenlearning.com)
  • I read somewhere that when your blood sugar gets above 220 or there about your liver will start to dump the excess glucose in your urine. (diabeticconnect.com)
  • Anyone who has blood sugar reading above 220 will have sugar in their urine. (diabeticconnect.com)
  • Once you get your blood sugar below 200 most of the time you will no longer have sugar in the urine. (diabeticconnect.com)
  • In the first part of the nephron, Bowman's capsule filters blood from the circulatory system into the tubules. (wikipedia.org)
  • A renal corpuscle is the blood-filtering component of the nephron of the kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Bowman's capsule filters the blood, retaining large molecules such as proteins while smaller molecules such as water, salts, and sugars are filtered as the first step in the formation of urine. (wikipedia.org)
  • NKCC2 is found specifically in the kidney, where it serves to extract sodium, potassium, and chloride from the urine so that they can be reabsorbed into the blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • appear in the urine
  • If immunoglobulin light chains are produced in sufficient amounts to overwhelm the proximal tubules' absorption mechanisms (usually due to the presence of a plasma cell tumour) the light chains enter the distal tubules and can appear in the urine (Bence Jones protein). (wikipedia.org)
  • fluid
  • Global polyuria occurs in response to increased fluid intake and is defined as urine outputs of greater than 40 mL/kg/24 hours. (wikipedia.org)
  • Urethra
  • Urine exits the bladder and the body through the urethra. (lumenlearning.com)
  • The sphincter muscles close tightly, like a rubber band, around the opening of the bladder into the urethra, the tube that allows urine to pass outside the body. (lumenlearning.com)
  • loops
  • Interestingly, animals with a need for very concentrated urine (such as desert animals) have very long loops of Henle to create a very large osmotic gradient. (wikipedia.org)