• urethra
  • Urinary incontinence occurs when urine passes out of urethra uncontrollably. (evromedika.ru)
  • Bacteria can ascend through the urethra or travel through the blood and infect the urinary bladder or the kidneys, or both. (vetstreet.com)
  • Other tests may include abdominal radiographs (X-rays), an abdominal ultrasound, or cystoscopy, which involves inserting a tiny tube with a camera up the urethra and into the urinary bladder to look for abnormalities in these areas. (vetstreet.com)
  • Pyelostomy followed by valve ablation - stoma is made in the pelvis of the kidney as a slightly high diversion, after which the valve is ablated and the stoma is closed Primary (transurethral) valve ablation - the valve is removed through the urethra without creation of a stoma The standard treatment is primary (transurethral) ablation of the valves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Glomerular
  • The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is a measurement of how well the kidneys are processing wastes. (memorialhospitaljax.com)
  • People with kidney function below 50% (i.e. a glomerular filtration rate [GFR] between 50 and 60 mL) and 30 years of age may have uremia to a degree. (wikipedia.org)
  • Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) measures the amount of plasma being filtered through the kidneys. (wikipedia.org)
  • One theory proposes that it is caused by a thin glomerular basement membrane and red blood cell (RBC) renal tubular congestion that leads to swelling of the kidney and distension of the renal fascia resulting in pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The glomerular basement membrane is a tissue in the kidney that filters the blood. (wikipedia.org)
  • An abnormal glomerular basement membrane may allow red blood cells into the urinary space. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media Prerenal causes of AKI ("pre-renal azotemia") are those that decrease effective blood flow to the kidney and cause a decrease in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). (wikipedia.org)
  • Incontinence
  • Children mainly have night urinary incontinence. (evromedika.ru)
  • The treatment consists of Botox being injected into the bladder resulting in relaxation of the bladder, an increase in its storage capacity and a decrease in urinary incontinence. (healthcanal.com)
  • Urinary incontinence associated with neurologic conditions can be difficult to manage," said George Benson, deputy director, Division of Reproductive and Urologic Products. (healthcanal.com)
  • The duration of the effect of Botox on urinary incontinence in patients with bladder overactivity associated with a neurologic condition is about nine months. (healthcanal.com)
  • The patients had urinary incontinence resulting from spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis. (healthcanal.com)
  • These symptoms include urinary frequency and urgency, feeling of incomplete voiding, poor voluntary control, and urge and stress incontinence. (wikipedia.org)
  • It may be performed in cases of incontinence or neurological problems affecting the urinary tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • wastes
  • The kidneys are responsible for removing wastes from the body, regulating electrolyte balance and blood pressure, and stimulating red blood cell production. (umm.edu)
  • urea
  • Urea is carried in the bloodstream to the kidneys. (ahealthyme.com)
  • The kidneys remove urea from the blood through tiny filtering units called nephrons. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Both uremia and the uremic syndrome have been used interchangeably to denote a very high plasma urea concentration that is the result of renal failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • AKI is diagnosed on the basis of characteristic laboratory findings, such as elevated blood urea nitrogen and creatinine, or inability of the kidneys to produce sufficient amounts of urine. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Common signs of a urinary problem in cats include frequent urination, straining to urinate, an inability to urinate, urinating outside the litterbox , crying when urinating, and blood in the urine. (vetstreet.com)
  • Other healthcare providers who treat kidney problems include primary care providers, pediatricians, and urologists. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Problems of the urinary system in children include different types of acute and chronic kidney failure. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Complications that arise from kidney failure include heart failure , pulmonary edema, and an overabundance of potassium in the body. (britannica.com)
  • Other conditions that may develop include hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis, and kidney failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • The latter include renal artery stenosis, or the narrowing of the renal artery which supplies the kidney with blood, and renal vein thrombosis, which is the formation of a blood clot in the renal vein that drains blood from the kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed]Major typical biochemical findings include: Low serum and urinary calcium Low serum phosphate, except in cases of renal osteodystrophy Elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (due to an increase in compensatory osteoblast activity) Elevated parathyroid hormone (due to low calcium) Furthermore, a technetium bone scan will show increased activity (also due to increased osteoblasts). (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms include liver and kidney failure and vasculitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • lead to kidney
  • This can lead to kidney (renal) failure. (ahealthyme.com)
  • If not treated promptly, they can eventually lead to kidney failure. (umm.edu)
  • As the condition becomes more serious, signs of septic shock may appear, including: Low blood pressure (hypotension) Low body temperature (hypothermia) Little or no urine output (oliguria) Respiratory distress (dyspnea and labored breathing) Septic shock may lead to kidney failure, bleeding diathesis, and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). (wikipedia.org)
  • bloodstream
  • This is a condition in which small amount of a type of normal antibody (called IgA) get stuck in the kidney as it passes through in the bloodstream. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinical
  • Featuring a superb compilation of chapters related to kidney function that appear in Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, Eighteenth Edition , this concise, full-color clinical companion delivers the latest knowledge in the field backed by the scientific rigor and authority that have defined Harrison's . (iberlibro.com)
  • Though crystallized urinary solutes, such as oxalates, urates, or sulfonamides, may become enmeshed within a ketanaline cast during its formation, the clinical significance of this occurrence is not felt to be great. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acute kidney injury is diagnosed on the basis of clinical history and laboratory data. (wikipedia.org)
  • calcium
  • Acute kidney failure results in reduced output of urine , rapidly and abnormally increased levels of nitrogenous substances, potassium , sulfates, and phosphates in the blood , and abnormally low blood levels of sodium, calcium, and carbon dioxide ( see uremia ). (britannica.com)
  • and overabundance of calcium salts in the kidneys. (britannica.com)
  • In chronic failure the blood becomes more acidic than normal and there can be loss of calcium from the bones. (britannica.com)
  • In those without symptoms, mildly increased blood calcium levels, normal kidneys, and normal bone density monitoring may be all that is required. (wikipedia.org)