• protein
  • During the filtering process, the kidneys usually return protein to the circulation. (memorialhospitaljax.com)
  • Prerenal azotemia can be caused by decreased blood flow through the kidneys (e.g. low blood pressure, congestive heart failure, shock, bleeding, dehydration) or by increased production of urea in the liver via a high protein diet or increased protein catabolism (e.g. stress, fever, major illness, corticosteroid therapy or gastrointestinal bleeding). (wikipedia.org)
  • For instance, it has been shown that protein released by the kidneys in diabetes mellitus sensitises the kidney to the damaging effects of hypertension. (wikipedia.org)
  • wastes
  • The kidneys are responsible for removing wastes from the body, regulating electrolyte balance and blood pressure, and stimulating red blood cell production. (umm.edu)
  • urethra
  • Narrowing of the urethra, called urinary stenosis or stricture. (medindia.net)
  • Pyelostomy followed by valve ablation - stoma is made in the pelvis of the kidney as a slightly high diversion, after which the valve is ablated and the stoma is closed Primary (transurethral) valve ablation - the valve is removed through the urethra without creation of a stoma The standard treatment is primary (transurethral) ablation of the valves. (wikipedia.org)
  • creatinine
  • Creatinine and BUN are waste products that the kidneys usually remove from the blood. (memorialhospitaljax.com)
  • When the kidneys are damaged, the creatinine and BUN levels rise in the blood. (memorialhospitaljax.com)
  • Biochemistry - allows the vet to check the levels of urea and creatinine which are two waste products produced by the body that the kidneys should eliminate. (swadlincotevets.co.uk)
  • As long as improved kidney function, High Creatinine Level, High BUN Level, proteinuria and other abnormal symptoms will also be controlled or relieved naturally. (kidneyabc.com)
  • The acute part of AoCRF may be reversible, and the goal of treatment, as with AKI, is to return the patient to baseline kidney function, typically measured by serum creatinine. (wikipedia.org)
  • organs
  • The two kidneys are located deep behind the abdominal organs, below the ribs and toward the middle of the back. (umm.edu)
  • The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs found on the left and right sides of the body in vertebrates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intestinal organs may also become infected, potentially causing scar tissue with chronic pain, intestinal blockage, and infertility. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kidney diseases are normally investigated and treated by nephrologists, while the specialty of urology deals with problems in the other organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • clinical
  • Featuring a superb compilation of chapters related to kidney function that appear in Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, Eighteenth Edition , this concise, full-color clinical companion delivers the latest knowledge in the field backed by the scientific rigor and authority that have defined Harrison's . (iberlibro.com)
  • The Uremic Syndrome can be defined as the terminal clinical manifestation of kidney failure (also called renal failure). (wikipedia.org)
  • Though crystallized urinary solutes, such as oxalates, urates, or sulfonamides, may become enmeshed within a ketanaline cast during its formation, the clinical significance of this occurrence is not felt to be great. (wikipedia.org)
  • Acute kidney injury is diagnosed on the basis of clinical history and laboratory data. (wikipedia.org)
  • incontinence
  • The treatment consists of Botox being injected into the bladder resulting in relaxation of the bladder, an increase in its storage capacity and a decrease in urinary incontinence. (healthcanal.com)
  • Urinary incontinence associated with neurologic conditions can be difficult to manage," said George Benson, deputy director, Division of Reproductive and Urologic Products. (healthcanal.com)
  • The duration of the effect of Botox on urinary incontinence in patients with bladder overactivity associated with a neurologic condition is about nine months. (healthcanal.com)
  • The patients had urinary incontinence resulting from spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis. (healthcanal.com)
  • These symptoms include urinary frequency and urgency, feeling of incomplete voiding, poor voluntary control, and urge and stress incontinence. (wikipedia.org)
  • It may be performed in cases of incontinence or neurological problems affecting the urinary tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • urea
  • Both uremia and the uremic syndrome have been used interchangeably to denote a very high plasma urea concentration that is the result of renal failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood vessels
  • Notable causes of prerenal AKI include low blood volume (e.g., dehydration), low blood pressure, heart failure (leading to cardiorenal syndrome), liver cirrhosis and local changes to the blood vessels supplying the kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • Angiogram tests to look at the blood vessels in the kidney may show abnormal blood flow, perhaps causing a cramp like pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • include
  • Causes of acute kidney failure include low blood pressure, blockage of the urinary tract, certain medications, muscle breakdown, and hemolytic uremic syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other conditions that may develop include hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis, and kidney failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • The latter include renal artery stenosis, or the narrowing of the renal artery which supplies the kidney with blood, and renal vein thrombosis, which is the formation of a blood clot in the renal vein that drains blood from the kidney. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed]Major typical biochemical findings include: Low serum and urinary calcium Low serum phosphate, except in cases of renal osteodystrophy Elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (due to an increase in compensatory osteoblast activity) Elevated parathyroid hormone (due to low calcium) Furthermore, a technetium bone scan will show increased activity (also due to increased osteoblasts). (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms include liver and kidney failure and vasculitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • abdominal cavity
  • Located behind the abdominal cavity in the retroperitoneum, the kidneys receive blood from the paired renal arteries, and drain into the paired renal veins. (medicalxpress.com)
  • In humans, the kidneys are located high in the abdominal cavity, one on each side of the spine, and lie in a retroperitoneal position at a slightly oblique angle. (wikipedia.org)
  • The asymmetry within the abdominal cavity, caused by the position of the liver, typically results in the right kidney being slightly lower and smaller than the left, and being placed slightly more to the middle than the left kidney. (wikipedia.org)