• antioxidant
  • The term "antioxidant" is mainly used for two different groups of substances: industrial chemicals which are added to products to prevent oxidation, and natural chemicals found in foods and body tissue which are said to have beneficial health effects. (wikipedia.org)
  • state
  • Reduction is made with the addition of hydrogen atoms to specific nitrogen atoms on the isoalloxazine ring system: In aqueous solution, flavins are yellow-coloured when oxidized, taking a red colour in the semi-reduced anionic state or blue in the neutral (semiquinone) state, and colourless when totally reduced. (wikipedia.org)
  • In these systems, the metal changes oxidation state. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of chlorates include potassium chlorate, KClO3 sodium chlorate, NaClO3 magnesium chlorate, Mg(ClO3)2 If a Roman numeral in brackets follows the word "chlorate", this indicates the oxyanion contains chlorine in the indicated oxidation state, namely: Using this convention, "chlorate" means any chlorine oxyanion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Commonly, "chlorate" refers only to chlorine in the +5 oxidation state. (wikipedia.org)
  • metal
  • Instead, it is often thought of as a hybrid of multiple resonance structures: Metal chlorates can be prepared by adding chlorine to hot metal hydroxides like KOH: 3 Cl2 + 6 KOH → 5 KCl + KClO3 + 3 H2O In this reaction, chlorine undergoes disproportionation, both reduction and oxidation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The reaction of cold aqueous metal hydroxides with chlorine produces the chloride and hypochlorite (oxidation number +1) instead. (wikipedia.org)
  • energy
  • A one-dimensional isothermal kinetic model is proposed to analyze reaction kinetics of oxidation step and key kinetic parameters including activation energy, pre exponent and order of reaction are determined. (ufl.edu)
  • certain
  • Certain ketones can undergo a Cannizzaro-type reaction, transferring one of their two carbon groups rather than the hydride that would be present on an aldehyde. (wikipedia.org)