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  • ureteral
  • Research has focused on the effectiveness of the two most commonly used medical therapies for small distal ureteral calculi in the juxtavesical or intramural tract: calcium channel blockers and the α adrenergic blocker tamsulosin. (urotoday.com)
  • Less common causes of urinoma development are ureteral obstructions due to cancer, calculus formation, pregnancy, or congenital causes. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • Bladder rupture is commonly classified as intraperitoneal or extraperitoneal [ 1 , 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Less commonly they also can be the result of migration of vesical calculus through perforation of vesicovaginal septum . (eurorad.org)
  • In anesthesiology, Ultrasound is commonly used by anesthesiologists to guide injecting needles when placing local anaesthetic solutions near nerves. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • The most common form is sagittal duplication, in which 2 urinary bladders lie side by side and are separated by a fold of peritoneum and loose areolar tissue. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • This catheter initially remains in place for up to a month while the tissue around it scars and forms a tract (sinus) between the bladder and the body exterior. (wikipedia.org)
  • In modern medical terminology, "cystotomy" without the "s" refers to any surgical incision or puncture into the bladder, such as to remove urinary calculi or to perform tissue repair and reconstruction. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is an area of smooth tissue for the easy flow of urine into and from this part of the bladder - in contrast to the irregular surface formed by the rugae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ultrasonic images also known as sonograms are made by sending pulses of ultrasound into tissue using a probe. (wikipedia.org)
  • ultrasonography
  • Ultrasonography can also be used to estimate hepatic volume and vascularity, and to identify related lesions affecting other abdominal structures, such as urinary calculi. (wikipedia.org)
  • Computed tomography (CT) may be considered when ultrasound expertise is lacking or ultrasonography is considered sub-optimal (e.g. because of the conformation of the patient). (wikipedia.org)
  • Medical ultrasound (also known as diagnostic sonography or ultrasonography) is a diagnostic imaging technique based on the application of ultrasound. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is particularly important in neurology, where ultrasound is used for assessing blood flow and stenoses in the carotid arteries (Carotid ultrasonography) and the big intracerebral arteries (Transcranial Doppler). (wikipedia.org)
  • transitional epithelium
  • The inner side of the bladder is lined with a mucosal membrane consisting of a surface glycocalyx that protects the cells beneath it from urine, the urothelium (a form of transitional epithelium), a basement membrane, and the lamina propria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anatomy of the male bladder, showing transitional epithelium and part of the wall in a histological cut-out. (wikipedia.org)
  • posterior
  • The bladder was grossly thickened, with a small necrotic area and three separate perforations along the posterior aspect. (hindawi.com)
  • Presence of a calculus was confirmed but only irregular anterior hyperechoic surface was visible with dense posterior shadow. (eurorad.org)
  • Dense posterior shadowing of the calculus can make it difficult to evaluate the vaginal component like in the case presented here. (eurorad.org)
  • diagnostic
  • Spontaneous rupture of the urinary bladder is a rare occurrence, and when encountered it is a diagnostic challenge. (hindawi.com)
  • Dermoid cysts are extremely rare in the urinary bladder and can pose a diagnostic dilemma to both the Urologist and the Histopathologist. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Most ultrasound procedures are done using a transducer on the surface of the body, but improved diagnostic confidence is often possible if a transducer can be placed inside the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • dysuria
  • 6 Among men of all ages who complain of urinary symptoms occurring more than rarely, dysuria is mentioned as one of the symptoms about 5 percent of the time. (aafp.org)
  • These symptoms may be accompanied by bladder pain or pain while urinating, called dysuria. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Duplication of the urinary bladder may occur in the sagittal or coronal plane. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • 3 Population-based surveys suggest that urinary tract symptoms significant enough to cause persons to seek medical attention occur in about 0.6 percent of women per year and about 0.1 percent of men each year. (aafp.org)
  • Calculi in the skin, such as in sweat glands, are not common but occasionally occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • vaginal
  • CT revealed a giant dumbbell-shaped calculus with smaller vesical component and larger vaginal component connected by a waist through vesico-vaginal fistula. (eurorad.org)
  • For the diagnosis of vaginal calculi, ultrasound is considered more accurate than plain radiography, although there are limitations . (eurorad.org)
  • First the calculus is removed through combined suprapubic and vaginal approach followed by fistula repair. (eurorad.org)
  • surgical
  • In urinoma resulting from carcinoma of the urinary bladder where immediate treatment in emergency department is not desired, drainage is a reasonable first step before surgical correction. (bioline.org.br)
  • Urology (from Greek οὖρον ouron "urine" and -λογία -logia "study of"), also known as genitourinary surgery, is the branch of medicine that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary-tract system and the male reproductive organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Primary (immediate) closure is indicated only in those patients with a bladder of appropriate size, elasticity, and contractility as those patients are most likely to develop a bladder of adequate capacity after early surgical intervention. (wikipedia.org)
  • Modern therapy is aimed at surgical reconstruction of the bladder and genitalia. (wikipedia.org)
  • incontinence
  • A 35-year-old female patient presented with chief complaints of urinary incontinence and perineal discomfort for two years, which increased gradually over a period of the past six months. (eurorad.org)
  • This leaves the patient with penile epispadias and urinary incontinence. (wikipedia.org)
  • pelvis
  • In humans the bladder is a hollow muscular organ situated at the base of the pelvis. (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans, the ureters arise from the renal pelvis on the medial aspect of each kidney before descending towards the bladder on the front of the psoas major muscle. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • Or begin an exploratory laparotomy and/or placement of a community medicine specialist careers are: Community - acquired and determine what changes in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma can be made at the time and incidence trends of invasive transitional bladder cance clin prostate cance prostate, diagnosis early diagnosis and management of complications and nonclosure rates of depression. (bvbdallas.org)
  • Oncogenic human papillomavirus fungi: Candida albicans diagnosis clinical diagnosis of ca ultrasound of the vascular tion on ct renal medullary carcinoma translocation rcc alk tlfc anaplastic lymphoma kinase. (bvbdallas.org)
  • It is possible to perform both diagnosis and therapeutic procedures, using ultrasound to guide interventional procedures (for instance biopsies or drainage of fluid collections). (wikipedia.org)
  • vesical
  • The Latin phrase for "urinary bladder" is vesica urinaria, and the term vesical or prefix vesico - appear in connection with associated structures such as vesical veins. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bladder is supplied by the vesical arteries and drained by the vesical veins. (wikipedia.org)
  • The superior vesical artery supplies blood to the upper part of the bladder. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lower part of the bladder is supplied by the inferior vesical artery in males and by the vaginal artery in females, both of which are branches of the internal iliac arteries. (wikipedia.org)
  • adrenal
  • Adequate distraction of tissues of adrenal lymphoma, differen - contrast ct ultrasound med scan shows fig. In the most common accounts for of low grade lg carcinomas in the a self - reection. (bvbdallas.org)
  • penis
  • Conditions that are absolute contraindications despite bladder adequacy include duplication of the penis or scrotum and significant bilateral hydronephrosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • contrast
  • It is an area of smooth tissue for the easy flow of urine into and from this part of the bladder - in contrast to the irregular surface formed by the rugae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, novel applications in renal US have been introduced with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), elastography and fusion imaging. (wikipedia.org)
  • vascular
  • In angiology or vascular medicine, duplex ultrasound (B Mode vessels imaging combined with Doppler flow measurement) is daily used to diagnose arterial and venous disease all over the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • occurs
  • The typical human bladder will hold between 300 and 500 mL (10.14 and 16.91 fl oz) before the urge to empty occurs, but can hold considerably more. (wikipedia.org)
  • Finally, bladder neck repair usually occurs around the age of 4-5 years, though this is dependent upon a bladder with adequate capacity and, most importantly, an indication that the child is interested in becoming continent. (wikipedia.org)
  • Radiol
  • Immediate post transurethral resection for superficial lesions, an early crossover of therapy in newly presenting non muscle invasive bladder cance br j radiol yang, z. (bvbdallas.org)
  • transitional
  • The inner side of the bladder is lined with a mucosal membrane consisting of a surface glycocalyx that protects the cells beneath it from urine, the urothelium (a form of transitional epithelium), a basement membrane, and the lamina propria. (wikipedia.org)
  • System
  • Urology (from Greek οὖρον ouron "urine" and -λογία -logia "study of"), also known as genitourinary surgery, is the branch of medicine that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary-tract system and the male reproductive organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stretch receptors in the bladder signal the parasympathetic nervous system to stimulate the muscarinic receptors in the detrusor to contract the muscle when the bladder is extended. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the normal kidney, the urinary collecting system in the renal sinus is not visible, but it creates a heteroechoic appearance with the interposed fat and vessels. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the narrow sense, the term refer to the urinary system. (wikipedia.org)
  • organ
  • A calculus (plural calculi), often called a stone, is a concretion of material, usually mineral salts, that forms in an organ or duct of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans the bladder is a hollow muscular organ situated at the base of the pelvis. (wikipedia.org)
  • vessels
  • It allows the application of ultrasound technology, such as piezoelectric transducer or CMUT, to see from inside blood vessels out through the surrounding blood column, visualizing the endothelium (inner wall) of blood vessels in living individuals. (wikipedia.org)