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  • patients
  • Laparoscopic omental patch repair of perforated peptic ulcer carries less morbidity and mortality and early return of patients to their normal dailyroutine. (journalcra.com)
  • occur
  • Venous ulcers are wounds that are thought to occur due to improper functioning of venous valves , usually of the legs (hence leg ulcers ). (wikipedia.org)
  • A venous ulcer tends to occur on the medial side of the leg, typically around the medial malleolus in the 'gaiter area' whereas arterial ulcer tends to occur on lateral side of the leg and over bony prominences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ulcers occur on exposed parts of the body, primarily on anterolateral aspect of the lower limbs and may erode muscles and tendons, and sometimes, the bones. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vast majority of the tropical ulcers occur below the knee, usually around the ankle. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tropical ulcers can also occur to the visitors of tropics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Careful attention to respiratory status, acid-base balance, and treatment of other illnesses helps prevent the conditions under which stress ulcers occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ulcers occur because of uncontrolled increased acid production in the stomach and changes in the immune system (the body system that fights infection). (kidshealth.org)
  • Descemetoceles occur when the ulcer extends through the stroma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Refractory corneal ulcers are most commonly seen in diabetics and often occur in the other eye later. (wikipedia.org)
  • The cause is still unknown, although it has been associated with several infectious causes, including paratyphoid fever, cytomegalovirus, Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Epstein-Barr virus infection The most common presentation is a single large, deep ulcer (although several smaller ulcers may occur) in the internal surface of one or both labia minora. (wikipedia.org)
  • Buruli ulcers occur most commonly in rural sub-Saharan Africa especially Cote d'Ivoire, but can also occur in Asia, the Western Pacific and the Americas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hunner's Ulcers occur in 5 to 10 percent of people who have the bladder disease Interstitial cystitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pressure ulcers, also known as pressure sores, pressure injuries, bedsores, and decubitus ulcers, are localized damage to the skin and/or underlying tissue that usually occur over a bony prominence as a result of pressure, or pressure in combination with shear and/or friction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pressure ulcers occur due to pressure applied to soft tissue resulting in completely or partially obstructed blood flow to the soft tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stage 4 ulcers can extend into muscle and/or supporting structures (e.g., fascia, tendon or joint capsule) making osteomyelitis likely to occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • ulceration
  • The two most common causes of oral ulceration are local trauma (e.g. rubbing from a sharp edge on a broken filling) and aphthous stomatitis ("canker sores"), a condition characterized by recurrent formation of oral ulcers for largely unknown reasons. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with stress ulcers have a longer ICU length of stay (up to 8 days) and a higher mortality (up to 4 fold) than patients who do not have stress ulceration and bleeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • Martorell's ulcer is a painful ulceration of the lower leg associated with diastolic arterial hypertension. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lipschütz ulcer, ulcus vulvae acutum or reactive non-sexually related acute genital ulcers (English: acute ulceration of the vulva) is a rare disease characterized by painful genital ulcers, fever, and lymphadenopathy, occurring most commonly, but not exclusively, in adolescents and young women. (wikipedia.org)
  • The drug Elmiron helps, for some patients, to prevent the formation of Hunner's Ulcers by coating the bladder wall, thus making it harder for the acid in urine to irritate the bladder wall lining, which can lead to ulceration. (wikipedia.org)
  • penetrated the ep
  • An ulcer is a tissue defect which has penetrated the epithelial- connective tissue border, with its base at a deep level in the submucosa , or even within muscle or periosteum . (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • They are commonly present in the context of chronic wounds including burn injuries, varicose veins, venous ulcers, ulcers from osteomyelitis, and post radiotherapy scars. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pressure ulcers most commonly develop in individuals who are not moving about, such as those being bedridden or confined to a wheelchair. (wikipedia.org)
  • A very common and dangerous type of skin ulcers are caused by what are called pressure-sensitive sores, more commonly called bed sores and which are frequent in people who are bedridden or who use wheelchairs for long periods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Buruli Ulcer
  • Wansbrough-Jones M, Phillips R. Buruli ulcer: emerging from obscurity. (medscape.com)
  • Mycolactone activation of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome proteins underpins Buruli ulcer formation. (medscape.com)
  • Combined inflammatory and metabolic defects reflected by reduced serum protein levels in patients with Buruli ulcer disease. (medscape.com)
  • Mycolactone-mediated neurite degeneration and functional effects in cultured human and rat DRG neurons: Mechanisms underlying hypoalgesia in Buruli ulcer. (medscape.com)
  • Susceptibility to Buruli ulcer is associated with the SLC11A1 (NRAMP1) D543N polymorphism. (medscape.com)
  • Chany AC, Tresse C, Casarotto V, Blanchard N. History, biology and chemistry of Mycobacterium ulcerans infections (Buruli ulcer disease). (medscape.com)
  • Seasonal Patterns of Buruli Ulcer Incidence, Central Africa, 2002-2012. (medscape.com)
  • Local Heat Application for the Treatment of Buruli Ulcer: Results of a Phase II Open Label Single Center Non Comparative Clinical Trial. (medscape.com)
  • WHO regularly organizes a general meeting in Geneva that brings together representatives from the ministries of health of the affected countries, nongovernmental organizations and research institutions involved in Buruli ulcer (BU) activities to encourage the exchange of new scientific and public health information on the disease, and to coordinate efforts among all partners. (who.int)
  • The targets are scientists and technicians of laboratories involved in laboratory confirmation of Buruli ulcer with the support of Institut Pasteur International Network, Fondation Sanofi-espoir, WHO, Centre Pasteur du Cameroun, Ministry of Public Health Cameroon. (who.int)
  • Government of Benin, in collaboration with WHO co-organized a high-level leadership meeting on Buruli ulcer control and research in Cotonou from 30 March to 3 April 2009. (who.int)
  • The annual meeting of the Global Buruli Ulcer Initiative (GBUI) was also held with the participation of over 300 representatives from 32 countries, grouping together policy-makers, national programme managers, scientists, representatives of NGOs, international organizations and partners. (who.int)
  • Every March, WHO organizes a meeting in Geneva that brings together representatives from the ministries of health of the affected countries, nongovernmental organizations and researchers currently involved in Buruli ulcer activities. (who.int)
  • The progress on the development of treatment with antibiotics for Buruli ulcer was on top of the agenda. (who.int)
  • Buruli ulcer is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mode of transmission of Buruli ulcer is not entirely known. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the Ivory Coast, where Buruli ulcer is endemic, the water bugs are present in swamps and rivers, where human activities such as farming, fishing, and bathing take place. (wikipedia.org)
  • gastritis
  • In case of severe hemorrhagic or erosive gastritis and stress ulcers, a combination of antacids and H2-blockers may stop active bleeding and prevent re bleeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • complication
  • Diabetic foot ulcer is a major complication of diabetes mellitus, and probably the major component of the diabetic foot. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diabetic foot ulcer is a complication of diabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Curling's ulcer (stress ulcer) or a Curling ulcer is an acute gastric erosion resulting as a complication from severe burns when reduced plasma volume leads to ischemia and cell necrosis (sloughing) of the gastric mucosa. (wikipedia.org)
  • These stress ulcers (actually shallow multiple erosions) were once a common complication of serious burns, presenting in over 10% of cases, and especially common in child burn victims. (wikipedia.org)
  • While emergency surgery was once the only treatment, combination therapies including enteral feeding with powerful antacids such as H2-receptor antagonists or, more recently, proton pump inhibitors such as omeprazole have made Curling's ulcer a rare complication. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antibiotics
  • Topical antibiotics are normally used to prevent the ulcer getting infected, and the wound or ulcer is usually kept clear of dead tissue through surgical debridement. (wikipedia.org)
  • pylori
  • Up until the discovery of H. pylori in 1982, clinicians attributed peptic ulcers to lifestyle choices-consuming a diet rich in spicy foods and an inability to properly manage emotional and personal stress. (news-medical.net)
  • So, is there any evidence that supports that chewing gum (by itself, not considering its supposed effect over h. pylori) causes ulcers? (news-medical.net)
  • Experts believe that 90% of all people with ulcers are infected with H. pylori . (kidshealth.org)
  • But strangely enough, most people infected with H. pylori don't develop an ulcer. (kidshealth.org)
  • Although H. pylori are responsible for most cases of peptic ulcers, these ulcers can happen for other reasons, too. (kidshealth.org)
  • skin ulcers
  • The syndrome occurs predominantly in middle-aged women with poorly controlled hypertension in the form of skin ulcers on the anterolateral aspect of the lower legs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Skin ulcers appear as open craters, often round, with layers of skin that have eroded. (wikipedia.org)
  • Venous skin ulcers that may appear on the lower leg, above the calf or on the lower ankle usually cause achy and swollen legs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although skin ulcers do not seem of great concern at a first glance, they are worrying conditions especially in people suffering from diabetes, as they are at risk of developing diabetic neuropathy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other causes producing skin ulcers include bacterial or viral infections, fungal infections and cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Blood disorders and chronic wounds can result in skin ulcers as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wagner's grading of ulcer follows: Some of the investigations done for ulcer are: Study of discharging fluid: Culture and sensitivity Edge biopsy: Edge contains multiplying cells Radiograph of affected area to look for periostitis or osteomyelitis FNAC of lymph node Chest X-ray and Mantoux test in suspected tuberculous ulcer Skin ulcers may take a very long time to heal. (wikipedia.org)
  • stress ulcer
  • A stress ulcer is a single or multiple mucosal defect which can become complicated by upper gastrointestinal bleeding during the physiologic stress of serious illness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Risk factors for stress ulcer formation that have been identified are numerous and varied. (wikipedia.org)
  • The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists guideline recommends against the practice of stress ulcer prophylaxis in non-critically ill patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pathogenesis of stress ulcer is unclear but probably is related to a reduction in mucosal blood flow or a breakdown in other normal mucosal defense mechanisms in conjunction with the injurious effects of acid and pepsin on the gastroduodenal mucosa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stress ulcer is suspected when there is upper gastrointestinal bleeding in the appropriate clinical setting, for example, when there is upper gastrointestinal bleeding in elderly patients in a surgical intensive care unit (ICU) with heart and lung disease, or when there is upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients in a medical ICU who require respirators. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stress ulcer can be diagnosed after the initial management of gastrointestinal bleeding, the diagnosis can be confirmed by upper GI endoscopy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The need for medications to prevent stress ulcer among those in the intensive care unit is unclear. (wikipedia.org)
  • Concerns with the use of stress ulcer prophylaxis agents include increased rates of pneumonia and Clostridium difficile colitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • mouth ulcers
  • Mouth ulcers are very common, occurring in association with many diseases and by many different mechanisms, but usually there is no serious underlying cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mouth ulcers often cause pain and discomfort, and may alter the person's choice of food while healing occurs (e.g. avoiding acidic or spicy foods and beverages). (wikipedia.org)
  • Most mouth ulcers that are not associated with recurrent aphthous stomatitis are caused by local trauma. (wikipedia.org)
  • heal
  • Rarely, a mouth ulcer that does not heal may be a sign of oral cancer . (wikipedia.org)
  • With any illness where the body's ability to heal is challenged (such as when someone has serious burns from a fire), there is a risk for developing ulcers. (kidshealth.org)
  • Most ulcers heal with time and treatment. (healthday.com)
  • Avoiding smoking, alcohol, spicy foods and over-the-counter pain relievers like aspirin and ibuprofen will also help an ulcer heal. (healthday.com)
  • Superficial small ulcers heal rapidly by the first method. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ulcers that heal within 12 weeks are usually classified as acute, and longer-lasting ones as chronic. (wikipedia.org)
  • wounds
  • : 846 They are the major occurrence of chronic wounds , occurring in 70% to 90% of leg ulcer cases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Especially, chronic wounds and ulcers are caused by poor circulation, either through cardiovascular issues or external pressure from a bed or a wheelchair. (wikipedia.org)
  • typically
  • A venous ulcer is typically shallow with irregular sloping edges whereas an arterial ulcer can be deep and has a 'punched out' appearance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Central ulcers are typically caused by trauma, dry eye, or exposure from facial nerve paralysis or exophthalmos. (wikipedia.org)
  • Arterial ulcers are typically 'dry' and scabbed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment is typically to avoid the ulcer getting infected, remove any excess discharge, maintain a moist wound environment, control the edema, and ease pain caused by nerve and tissue damage. (wikipedia.org)
  • heals
  • An ulcer of the cornea heals by two methods: migration of surrounding epithelial cells followed by mitosis (dividing) of the cells, and introduction of blood vessels from the conjunctiva. (wikipedia.org)
  • in most cases, the ulcer heals spontaneously within four to six weeks, sometimes leaving scars. (wikipedia.org)
  • cornea
  • Such injuries damage the cornea and make it easier for bacteria to invade and cause a serious ulcer. (webmd.com)
  • Disorders that affect the eyelid and prevent your eye from closing completely, such as Bell's palsy , can dry your cornea and make it more vulnerable to ulcers. (webmd.com)
  • Immune-mediated eye disease can cause ulcers at the border of the cornea and sclera. (wikipedia.org)
  • wound
  • Treatment of diabetic foot ulcers should include: blood sugar control, removal of dead tissue from the wound, wound dressings, and removing pressure from the wound through techniques such as total contact casting. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stage 2: Partial thickness loss of dermis presenting as a shallow open ulcer with a red pink wound bed, without slough. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unstageable: Full thickness tissue loss in which actual depth of the ulcer is completely obscured by slough (yellow, tan, gray, green or brown) and/or eschar (tan, brown or black) in the wound bed. (wikipedia.org)
  • shallow
  • Presents as a shiny or dry shallow ulcer without slough or bruising. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bridge of the nose, ear, occiput and malleolus do not have (adipose) subcutaneous tissue and stage 3 ulcers can be shallow. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bridge of the nose, ear, occiput and malleolus do not have (adipose) subcutaneous tissue and these ulcers can be shallow. (wikipedia.org)
  • varicose veins
  • https://books.google.ca/books?id=-J_pAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA268&lpg=PA268&dq=marjolin+ulcer+varicose+veins&source=bl&ots=G3dNBp5_9j&sig=jdvzf-ghjFwgkuA7k6_94itfeAE&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjejfDa8LrPAhUCDj4KHaxXAwsQ6AEIUjAI#v=onepage&q=marjolin%20ulcer%20varicose%20veins&f=false Smidt LS, Smidt LF, Chedid MB, Bavaresco CS, Chedid MF (October 2005). (wikipedia.org)
  • mucosa
  • A mouth ulcer (in this case associated with aphthous stomatitis ) on the labial mucosa (lining of the lower lip). (wikipedia.org)
  • ooze
  • They form on the wall of the bladder and, like any ulcer, they can bleed, ooze, and may vary in size. (wikipedia.org)
  • epithelium
  • An ulcer is a deeper breach of the epithelium than an erosion or an excoriation, and involves damage to both epithelium and lamina propria . (wikipedia.org)
  • Excoriation is a term sometimes used to describe a breach of the epithelium which is deeper than an erosion but shallower than an ulcer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Superficial ulcers involve a loss of part of the epithelium. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are recognized by undermined epithelium that surrounds the ulcer and easily peels back. (wikipedia.org)
  • perforation
  • A perforated ulcer can be grouped into a stercoral perforation which involves a number of different things that causes perforation of the intestine wall. (wikipedia.org)