• quicksort
  • For example, the quicksort algorithm chooses one element, called the "pivot", that is, on average, not too far from the center value of the data being sorted. (wikipedia.org)
  • Quicksort then separates the data into two piles, one of which contains all elements with value less than the value of the pivot, and the other containing the rest of the elements. (wikipedia.org)
  • If quicksort chooses the pivot in some deterministic fashion (for instance, always choosing the first element in the list), then it is easy for an adversary to arrange the data beforehand so that quicksort will perform in worst-case time. (wikipedia.org)
  • If, however, quicksort chooses some random element to be the pivot, then an adversary without knowledge of what random numbers are coming up cannot arrange the data to guarantee worst-case execution time for quicksort. (wikipedia.org)
  • User-defined sorts such as quicksort, above, typically are for illustration only. (wikipedia.org)
  • analyze
  • A nice feature of constructive induction methods such as MDR is the ability to use any data mining or machine learning method to analyze the new representation of the data. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since DNA microarrays measure the expression of thousands of genes simultaneously, there is a great need to develop analytical methodology to analyze and to exploit the information contained in gene expression data [ 1 , 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Dimension reduction techniques such as principal component analysis (PCA) and several extended forms of PCA such as probabilistic principal component analysis (PPCA), kernel principal component analysis (KPCA) have also been proposed to analyze gene expression data. (hindawi.com)
  • Some data loggers interface with a personal computer, and use software to activate the data logger and view and analyze the collected data, while others have a local interface device (keypad, LCD) and can be used as a stand-alone device. (wikipedia.org)
  • mechanism
  • Given the extended recording times of data loggers, they typically feature a mechanism to record the date and time in a timestamp to ensure that each recorded data value is associated with a date and time of acquisition in order to produce a sequence of events. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are two kinds of shared memory: public segments used by the operating system (which are present in all virtual machines), and global segments used for application-level shared data: this latter mechanism is used only when there is an application requirement for two virtual machines to communicate. (wikipedia.org)
  • increasingly
  • The concept has increasingly gained traction as data volumes have increased exponentially, streaming data has taken off, and unstructured data has continued to dwarf its structured counterpart. (sas.com)
  • Cloud computing and cluster computing paradigms are becoming increasingly important to industrial data processing and scientific applications such as astronomy and physics, which frequently require the availability of large numbers of computers to carry out experiments. (wikipedia.org)
  • flexibility
  • Six publicly available undersized benchmark data sets were analyzed to show the utility, flexibility, and versatility of our approach with hybridized smoothed covariance matrix estimators, which do not degenerate to perform the PPCA to reduce the dimension and to carry out supervised classification of cancer groups in high dimensions. (hindawi.com)
  • Typically, the simpler the device the less programming flexibility. (wikipedia.org)
  • Protocol converters are typically designed with a single purpose, to convert protocol X to Y, and are not offering the level of configurability and flexibility of a universal gateway. (wikipedia.org)
  • Generally
  • And, generally speaking, how does it differ from the traditional data warehouse? (sas.com)
  • To accomplish this, the data is encoded in some way, such that eight-bit data is encoded into seven-bit ASCII characters (generally using only alphanumeric and punctuation characters-the ASCII printable characters). (wikipedia.org)
  • structures
  • Many web developers pass descriptive attributes in the URL to represent data hierarchies, command structures, transaction paths or session information. (wikipedia.org)
  • ISO/IEC 20248 Automatic Identification and Data Capture Techniques - Data Structures - Digital Signature Meta Structure is an international standard specification under development by ISO/IEC JTC1 SC31 WG2. (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • XOR is a logical operator that is commonly used in data mining and machine learning as an example of a function that is not linearly separable. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, monthly data typically has a period of 12. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, with monthly data, all the January values are plotted (in chronological order), then all the February values, and so on. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data Analysis and Graphics Using R: An Example-Based Approach. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main idea of the classical PCA, for example, is to reduce the dimensionality of a data set consisting of a large number of interrelated variables, while retaining as much as possible the variation present in the data set. (hindawi.com)
  • stack
  • 8. A method according to claim 1 , wherein the data transmission between the synchronization server and the terminal is based on the wireless application protocol stack, and the initialization of the synchronization and the synchronization is based on the SyncML synchronization protocol performed on top of the wireless application protocol stack. (google.com)
  • The material stack up, components and finishes are typically provided in informal text files or drawings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Off-stack data is typically addressed via a descriptor. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • Because RFID has arrived, and because RFID data management is different from anything that has come before, databases must be retuned or re-architected (by the vendor or the user) to handle the new needs of RFID transactions -- as has happened with data warehousing, content management, and Web data in the recent past. (techtarget.com)
  • Yes, all these entities store data, but the data lake is fundamentally different in the following regard. (sas.com)
  • Gerber is also the standard image input format for all bare board fabrication equipment needing image data, such as photoplotters, legend printers, direct imagers or automated optical inspection (AOI) machines and for viewing reference images in different departments. (wikipedia.org)
  • organization
  • In other words (and depending on the severity of the issue), an organization can load or reload portions of its data warehouse when something goes wrong. (sas.com)
  • include
  • Many computer programs came to rely on this distinction between seven-bit text and eight-bit binary data, and would not function properly if non-ASCII characters appeared in data that was expected to include only ASCII text. (wikipedia.org)
  • complex
  • Data loggers range from simple single-channel input to complex multi-channel instruments. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main purposes of DNS management software are: to reduce human error when editing complex and repetitive DNS data to reduce the effort required to edit DNS data to validate DNS data before it is published to the DNS servers to automate the distribution of DNS data In 1995, there were only 70,000 domains in existence. (wikipedia.org)
  • RFID
  • RFID data has the potential to be the flood to end all floods. (techtarget.com)
  • Even with sophisticated filtering software, there may be thousands or tens of thousands of updates of RFID data (i.e., changes to where tens of thousands of products are in a business process or where they are physically) per minute at peak load -- an exceptional OLTP situation. (techtarget.com)
  • The intent is that each WalMart or Department of Defense supplier not only tag its products but also pass the RFID data for a product from supplier to customer, all the way down the supply chain. (techtarget.com)
  • every RFID data management system potentially queries across organizational boundaries. (techtarget.com)
  • ISO/IEC 20248 [and SANS specifies a method whereby data stored within a barcode and/or RFID tag is structured and digitally signed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Classic digital signatures are typically too big (the digital signature size is typically more than 2k bits) to fit in barcodes and RFID tags while maintaining the desired read performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • A DigSig stored in an RFID/NFC tag provides for the detection of copied and tampered data, therefore it can be used to detect the original document or object. (wikipedia.org)
  • All the information (the signed field value and the field value is stored on the AIDC) is available to verify when the data structure is read from the AIDC (barcode and/or RFID). (wikipedia.org)
  • generate
  • If we add the requirement that we track where each product has been, say, every half hour (a process trail), then we also generate an enormous amount of static data. (techtarget.com)
  • Another approach is to generate many random permutations of the data to see what the data mining algorithm finds when given the chance to overfit. (wikipedia.org)
  • extract
  • Odds are that at some point in your career you've come across a data warehouse , a tool that's become synonymous with extract, transform and load (ETL) processes. (sas.com)
  • To gain a better understanding of inner ear cell development, Matthew Kelley, Ph.D., chief of the Section on Developmental Neuroscience at the NIDCD , and his research team used single-cell RNA-seq, a new technology that can extract comprehensive gene activity data from just one cell. (nih.gov)
  • However
  • It is often desirable, however, to be able to send non-textual data through text-based systems, such as when one might attach an image file to an e-mail message. (wikipedia.org)
  • type
  • Other methods for obtaining this type of data typically require thousands of cells. (nih.gov)
  • Data loggers vary between general purpose types for a range of measurement applications to very specific devices for measuring in one environment or application type only. (wikipedia.org)
  • system
  • 4. The platform as defined in claim 2 , wherein said distributed file system stores data for the plurality of virtual environments. (google.com)
  • 10. The platform of claim 8 , wherein the distributed file system stores data for the plurality of virtual environments. (google.com)
  • A method of arranging data synchronization of at least one application in a networked system, which comprises at least one terminal, at least one synchronization server, a first database in the terminal, and a second database. (google.com)
  • A distributed file system for cloud is a file system that allows many clients to have access to data and supports operations (create, delete, modify, read, write) on that data. (wikipedia.org)
  • This data-intensive computing needs a high performance file system that can share data between virtual machines (VM). (wikipedia.org)
  • The newest of data loggers can serve web pages, allowing numerous people to monitor a system remotely. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sometimes called a universal protocol gateway, this class of product is designed as a computer appliance, and is used to connect data from one automation system to another. (wikipedia.org)
  • The fabricator loads them into a computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) system to prepare data for each step of the PCB production process. (wikipedia.org)
  • ability
  • When used correctly, data lakes offer business and technical users the ability to query smaller, more relevant and more flexible data sets. (sas.com)
  • One of the primary benefits of using data loggers is the ability to automatically collect data on a 24-hour basis. (wikipedia.org)
  • One of its features was the ability to serve DNS data directly out of the SQL database, bypassing the export step entirely. (wikipedia.org)
  • support
  • Because of this rigidity and the ways in which they work, data warehouses support partial or incremental ETL. (sas.com)
  • Modern data centers must support large, heterogenous environments, consisting of large numbers of computers of varying capacities. (wikipedia.org)
  • These universal gateways typically support both wired and wireless connectivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • read
  • For this very reason, a data lake schema is defined "on read. (sas.com)
  • The external data will be read by adding a special disease model or population model called a 'External Data Source Playback' to your scenario. (eclipse.org)
  • resting place
  • As David Loshin writes , "The idea of the data lake is to provide a resting place for raw data in its native format until it's needed. (sas.com)
  • needs
  • Data lies dormant unless and until someone or something needs it. (sas.com)
  • possible
  • Sophisticated filtering software can reduce the amount of these false negatives, but data management at the local level must monitor, alert, and handle false negatives in order to aid the manager of the warehouse, while cleaning the data as far as possible so that it can be used by enterprise data miners. (techtarget.com)
  • Are all of these possible in a data warehouse? (sas.com)
  • require
  • They require that a rigid, predefined schema exists before loading the data. (sas.com)
  • case of data
  • Although the classical principal component analysis (PCA) method is widely used as a first standard step in dimension reduction and in supervised and unsupervised classification, it suffers from several shortcomings in the case of data sets involving undersized samples, since the sample covariance matrix degenerates and becomes singular. (hindawi.com)
  • provide
  • Replication in independent data may also provide evidence for an MDR model but can be sensitive to difference in the data sets. (wikipedia.org)
  • The seasonal subseries plot can provide answers to the following questions: Do the data exhibit a seasonal pattern? (wikipedia.org)
  • The purpose of the standard is to provide an open and interoperable method, between services and data carriers, to verify data originality and data integrity in an offline use case. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cloud computing coordinates the operation of all such systems, with techniques such as data center networking (DCN), the MapReduce framework, which supports data-intensive computing applications in parallel and distributed systems, and virtualization techniques that provide dynamic resource allocation, allowing multiple operating systems to coexist on the same physical server. (wikipedia.org)
  • time
  • For a deterministic algorithm, either adversary can simply compute what state that algorithm must have at any time in the future, and choose difficult data accordingly. (wikipedia.org)
  • As such, data loggers typically employ built-in real-time clocks whose published drift can be an important consideration when choosing between data loggers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Typically data is transferred on data change, on a time basis, or based on process conditions - Run, Stop, etc. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the number of domains and internet hosts skyrocketed, so too did the quantity of DNS data and the time required to manage it. (wikipedia.org)
  • systems
  • Distributed file systems enable many big, medium, and small enterprises to store and access their remote data as they do local data, facilitating the use of variable resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • The CAD systems output PCB fabrication data to allow fabrication of the board. (wikipedia.org)
  • Problem
  • Moreover, for a given data set the choice of the optimal kernel function and the tuning parameters in kernel-based methods has been arbitrary and has remained an unresolved academic research problem in the literature until the recent work of Liu and Bozdogan [ 8 ] and Liberati et al. (hindawi.com)
  • location
  • Data is applied to a plan or schema as users pull it out of a stored location - not as it goes in. (sas.com)
  • source
  • When importing data that was generated by STEM, you create an instance of 'External Data Source Playback' in either the wizard for creating new disease model (if you want to import disease data) or the wizard for creating a new population model (if you want to import population data). (eclipse.org)
  • Bridging software - Linking software for connecting data from one device to data in another, one being the source of data and one being the destination. (wikipedia.org)
  • database
  • As a result, query times can drop to a fraction of what they would have been in a data mart, data warehouse or relational database. (sas.com)
  • In the method, a configuration message is formed which comprises data required for the application data synchronization, said data comprising settings of at least the second database. (google.com)
  • The synchronization is initialized using the arranged synchronization connection and at least part of said data, data of the first database and the second database being synchronized using at least part of said data. (google.com)
  • 2. A method according to claim 1 , wherein the settings of said second database comprise at least one of the name of the second database, information on the content types supported, and an address, and wherein at least said address is received in a client initialization message from the terminal to the synchronization server as a response to a need to synchronize data of the second database. (google.com)
  • 9. A method according to claim 1 , wherein said settings information comprises settings of a plurality of databases, and data of at least the first database and said plurality of databases is synchronized according to at least part of said settings information. (google.com)
  • M2E Communications - machine to enterprise communications is typically managed through database interactions. (wikipedia.org)
  • techniques
  • With the wealth of gene expression data from microarrays being produced, more and more new prediction, classification, and clustering techniques are being used for the analysis of the data [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • method
  • In the method, a configuration message is formed which comprises data required. (google.com)
  • ISO/IEC 20248 also provides an effective and interoperable method to exchange data messages in the Internet of Things [IoT] and machine to machine [M2M] services allowing intelligent agents in such services to authenticate data messages and detect data tampering. (wikipedia.org)
  • The standard counters verification costs of online services and device to server malware attacks by providing a method for multi-device and offline verification of the data structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • A DigSig barcode provides a method to detect tampering with the data. (wikipedia.org)
  • The .FileFunction attribute is the standardized method to link each layer in the PCB with its corresponding Gerber file in the fabrication data. (wikipedia.org)
  • applications
  • Understand emerging best practices, enabling technologies and real-world applications for data lakes in this free best practices report. (sas.com)
  • Users can share computing resources through the Internet thanks to cloud computing which is typically characterized by scalable and elastic resources - such as physical servers, applications and any services that are virtualized and allocated dynamically. (wikipedia.org)
  • Electronic data loggers have replaced chart recorders in many applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • allow
  • They allow visual inferences to be drawn from data prior to modelling and forecasting. (wikipedia.org)
  • These encodings are necessary for transmission of data when the channel does not allow binary data (such as email or NNTP) or is not 8-bit clean. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many programs perform this conversion to allow for data-transport, such as PGP and GNU Privacy Guard (GPG). (wikipedia.org)
  • collection
  • The third and fourth waves of data collection were conducted with the main objective of testing the common cause hypothesis of cognitive ageing, which puts forward that age-related declines in physical and cognitive functioning share a common cause. (wikipedia.org)