• endocarditis
  • medical citation needed] In regards to primary and secondary causes they are: Primary causes Rheumatic Myxomatous Ebstein anomaly Endomyocardial fibrosis Endocarditis Traumatic (blunt chest injury) Secondary causes LV dysfunction or valve disease Chronic lung disease Pulmonary thromboembolism Myocardial disease RV ischemia Left to right shunt Carcinoid heart disease In terms of the mechanism of tricuspid insufficiency it involves the expansion of the tricuspid annulus(fibrous rings of heart). (wikipedia.org)
  • Infected valves can result in endocarditis in intravenous drug users. (wikipedia.org)
  • the valve may also prolapse with age, and be affected by infective endocarditis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Common causes of aortic regurgitation include vasodilation of the aorta, previous rheumatic fever, infection such as infective endocarditis, degeneration of the aortic valve, and Marfan's syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • All biologic replacement devices have a tendency to degenerate, and there is also in increased risk of infections of valve prosthesis (prosthetic valve endocarditis). (wikipedia.org)
  • prosthetic
  • In terms of treatment for tricuspid insufficiency prosthetic valve substitutes can be used, though artificial prostheses may cause thrombo‐embolic phenomena(bioprostheses may have a degeneration problem). (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike prosthetic valves, it is not continuous. (wikipedia.org)
  • 7 , 8 , 9 ] From an infectious disease standpoint, this approach has the distinct advantage of complete extirpation of tissue while avoiding placement of prosthetic material, but severe hepatic congestion, and the need for reoperative valve-replacement has made this approach untenable by some authors. (ispub.com)
  • dysfunction
  • Valve failure or dysfunction can result in diminished heart functionality, though the particular consequences are dependent on the type and severity of valvular disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • 50mm and risk factors and connective tissue disease The goal of the operation is the improvement of life expectancy and treatment of heart failure as the consequence of dysfunction of the aortic valve. (wikipedia.org)
  • chordae tendineae
  • They are anchored to the walls of the ventricles by chordae tendineae, which prevent the valves from inverting. (wikipedia.org)
  • The chordae tendineae are attached to papillary muscles that cause tension to better hold the valve. (wikipedia.org)
  • The chordae tendineae are inelastic tendons attached at one end to papillary muscles in the left ventricle, and at the other to the valve cusps. (wikipedia.org)
  • Understanding the role of individual chordae tendineae before operating could be helpful to predict whether the mitral valve will be competent at peak systole. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • artificial
  • The results showed that this original valve exhibited the best haemodynamic performance, at rest and during exercise, when compared with the reported results of all other artificial valves in existence. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Irrespective of disease process, alterations to the valve occur that produce one or a combination of these conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • apparatus
  • The function of the subvalvular apparatus is to keep the valves from prolapsing into the atria when they close. (wikipedia.org)
  • The subvalvular apparatus has no effect on the opening and closure of the valves, however, which is caused entirely by the pressure gradient across the valve. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • the initial improvement in symptoms is accompanied by a technically-induced degree of regurgitation - which progresses over time and may lead to the restriction-dilation phenomenon. (ispub.com)
  • The need for surgery on the aortic valve (including repair procedures) is indicated through objective criteria and the presence of symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • procedure
  • Another procedure for aortic valve replacement is the Ross procedure (after Donald Ross) or pulmonary autograft. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Ross procedure involves going to surgery to have the aortic valve removed and replacing it with the patient's own pulmonary valve. (wikipedia.org)
  • When this is the case, a Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedure is completed. (md-health.com)
  • While replacement of the aortic valve is a safe and reproducible procedure it may still be associated with the long-term occurrence of so-called valve-related complications. (wikipedia.org)
  • A repair procedure may not last forever, but in many instances the durability of an aortic valve repair will markedly exceed that of a biological prosthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ultimate goal of the procedure is the restoration of a normal form of the aortic valve, which will then lead to near-normal function and good durability of the repair. (wikipedia.org)