• dysfunction
  • medical citation needed] In regards to primary and secondary causes they are: Primary causes Rheumatic Myxomatous Ebstein anomaly Endomyocardial fibrosis Endocarditis Traumatic (blunt chest injury) Secondary causes LV dysfunction or valve disease Chronic lung disease Pulmonary thromboembolism Myocardial disease RV ischemia Left to right shunt Carcinoid heart disease In terms of the mechanism of tricuspid insufficiency it involves the expansion of the tricuspid annulus(fibrous rings of heart). (wikipedia.org)
  • velopharyngeal insufficiency inadequate velopharyngeal closure , due to a condition such as cleft palate or muscular dysfunction, resulting in defective speech. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Valve failure or dysfunction can result in diminished heart functionality, though the particular consequences are dependent on the type and severity of valvular disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • 50mm and risk factors and connective tissue disease The goal of the operation is the improvement of life expectancy and treatment of heart failure as the consequence of dysfunction of the aortic valve. (wikipedia.org)
  • prosthetic
  • In terms of treatment for tricuspid insufficiency prosthetic valve substitutes can be used, though artificial prostheses may cause thrombo‐embolic phenomena(bioprostheses may have a degeneration problem). (wikipedia.org)
  • 7 , 8 , 9 ] From an infectious disease standpoint, this approach has the distinct advantage of complete extirpation of tissue while avoiding placement of prosthetic material, but severe hepatic congestion, and the need for reoperative valve-replacement has made this approach untenable by some authors. (ispub.com)
  • Unlike prosthetic valves, it is not continuous. (wikipedia.org)
  • chordae
  • They are anchored to the walls of the ventricles by chordae tendineae, which prevent the valves from inverting. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pediatric cardiology - Heart - Chordae tendinae - Right atrium - Right ventricle - Tricuspid valve - Left atrium - Left ventricle - Mitral valve - Endocardium - Myocardium - Pericardial cavity - Transverse pericardial sinus - Pericardium - The cardiac physical exam focuses on portions of the physical exam that elucidate information about diseases and disorders outlined below. (wikipedia.org)
  • myocardium
  • coronary insufficiency decreased supply of blood to the myocardium resulting from constriction or obstruction of the coronary arteries, but not accompanied by necrosis of the myocardial cells. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • occur
  • Irrespective of disease process, alterations to the valve occur that produce one or a combination of these conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are many changes that can occur to the valves of the heart. (medicinenet.com)
  • heart valve
  • Pulmonary valve diseases are the least common heart valve disease in adults. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients who have a diseased heart valve that is badly scarred or calcified may be better candidates for valve replacement surgery. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Heart valve repair is performed in a hospital setting by a cardiac surgeon. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), echocardiogram, angiogram, and/or scintigram are used to help the surgeon get an accurate picture of the extent of damage to the heart valve and the status of the coronary arteries. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Ideally, a successful heart valve repair procedure will return heart function to age-appropriate levels. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A heart valve normally allows blood to flow in only one direction through the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • A heart valve opens or closes incumbent on differential blood pressure on each side. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are two basic types of artificial heart valve, mechanical valves and tissue valves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tissue heart valves are usually made from animal tissues, either animal heart valve tissue or animal pericardial tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pericardial heart valve was invented by Marian Ionescu, a British surgeon working at the General Infirmary in Leeds, England. (wikipedia.org)
  • He created this artificial bioprosthetic heart valve as a three-cusp structure made of chemically treated bovine pericardium attached to a Dacron cloth-covered titanium frame. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is flexible and shock absorbent, essential qualities for a tissue heart valve support. (wikipedia.org)
  • symptoms
  • PVC's and intermittent PAT (tachycardia) are common arrythmias associated with Mitral Valve Prolapse and there is medication if this is causing symptoms. (healthtap.com)
  • the initial improvement in symptoms is accompanied by a technically-induced degree of regurgitation - which progresses over time and may lead to the restriction-dilation phenomenon. (ispub.com)
  • The need for surgery on the aortic valve (including repair procedures) is indicated through objective criteria and the presence of symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Narrowing
  • Murmurs may also be the result of various problems, such as narrowing or leaking of valves, or the presence of abnormal passages through which blood flows in or near the heart. (wikipedia.org)
  • artificial
  • The results showed that this original valve exhibited the best haemodynamic performance, at rest and during exercise, when compared with the reported results of all other artificial valves in existence. (wikipedia.org)