• 2017
  • The company continued to make gas discoveries in 2016 and 2017, including significant natural gas resources at the Teranga-1 exploration well offshore Senegal in 2016. (wikipedia.org)
  • In May 2017, the two companies made a major discovery off the coast of Senegal while drilling the Yakaar-1 exploration well. (wikipedia.org)
  • activists for the independence of Western Sahara and Human rights defenders , but also the lawyers by their absence protest against this unfair trial whose first hearings were held on March 13th 2017 after months of postponements. (awsa.org.au)
  • Africa
  • Morocco joins Israel and Jordan as the third nation state in North Africa/Middle East to sign a free trade agreement with the U.S. This agreement was a positive move towards President Bush's Middle East Free Trade Initiative set forth in May 2003. (wikipedia.org)
  • Silver and lead production in Morocco are the highest in Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco - sovereign country located in western North Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • 70.5 KB) Moroccousafta a site about the Morocco/US Free Trade Agreement Surveys and Studies Human Rights Watch on Morocco "Genetic structure of north-west Africa" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • To the north, the Sahara skirts the Mediterranean Sea in Egypt and portions of Libya, but in Cyrenaica and the Maghreb, the Sahara borders the Mediterranean forest, woodland, and scrub eco-regions of northern Africa, all of which have a Mediterranean climate characterized by hot summers and cool and rainy winters. (wikipedia.org)
  • To the south, the Sahara is bounded by the Sahel, a belt of dry tropical savanna with a summer rainy season that extends across Africa from east to west. (wikipedia.org)
  • Western Sahara, the last colony in Africa, is still awaiting for the UN to fulfil its "mandate to organise a referendum of the Saharawis to determine the future of their land and resources", MUA considered. (awsa.org.au)
  • In the years thereafter he established himself as the foremost European merchant in the city, which was at that time an important trading port linking Saharan and Sub-Saharan Africa to Europe and North America. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mauritania thus became part of French West Africa in 1904, but colonial control was mostly limited to the coast and the Saharan trade routes, and there were territories nominally within French West Africa which were not reached by European control as late as 1955. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because Islam became so prominent in North and West Africa, many of the trade routes and caravan networks were controlled by Muslim nations. (wikipedia.org)
  • While scientific and public opinion world-wide is fiercely divided about the safety of genetically-modified crops, South Africa, like the United States, is a country where the dominance of large-scale commercial agriculture linked to global seed supply companies has meant an open door for this controversial technology. (africafocus.org)
  • The African Centre for Biosafety (ACB) has today released its new research report titled 'GM Maize: Lessons For Africa-Cartels, Collusion And Control Of South Africa's Staple Food' showing how a select group of companies, including Tiger Brands, Pioneer and Premier Foods who have previously fixed the price of bread and maize meal, commandeer the entire maize value chain and continue to squeeze the poorest South Africans. (africafocus.org)
  • The report shows that the South African government, through the Public Investment Corporation (PIC) is the largest investor in Tiger Brands, and that over 50% of the company's shares are held outside South Africa. (africafocus.org)
  • Throughout the 2000s, Zackie Achmat led what was probably the most recognizable multi-class, mass social movement in South Africa, outside of the wide support enjoyed by the ANC or its trade union ally. (africafocus.org)
  • Fertiliser
  • Fertiliser distributor Nutrien, the result of a merger between Potash Corp and Agrium, has been blacklisted by financial institutions over its imports from Western Sahara. (africaintelligence.com)
  • He said the rock from Morocco is used to make New Zealand's predominant fertiliser superphosphate, which results in high levels of run-off with resulting pollution to our waterways and can also be detrimental to soil health over the long term. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • Chatham Rock Phosphate, a publicly listed company, was granted a mining permit in 2013 to develop New Zealand's only significant source of environmentally friendly pastoral phosphate fertiliser and is now preparing for a revised environmental consent application. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • 2016
  • In 2016, Norway's Council on Ethics recommended that the country's Government Pension Fund Global exclude Kosmos Energy and Cairn Energy Plc. (wikipedia.org)
  • In June 2016, the Financial Times quoted Kosmos correspondence with the Council on Ethics: "We fundamentally disagree with the council's assessment of our activities offshore Western Sahara, where we have spent considerable time on the ground working with local people to understand their views of oil and gas exploration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Similarly, the Court of Justice of the EU on 21 December 2016 judged that trading with the territory would be illegal without such consent. (awsa.org.au)
  • In 2016, Morocco earned over 200 million USD from the rock export from the territory. (awsa.org.au)
  • protests
  • The international reactions to the Libyan Civil War were the responses to the series of protests and military confrontations occurring in Libya against the government of Libya and its de facto head of state Muammar Gaddafi. (wikipedia.org)
  • that poll was seen as the monarchy's response to the "Arab Spring" protests which had by then spilled over into Morocco. (investorintel.com)
  • Saharawis living in occupied Western Sahara hold regular protests about the plunder of their land. (awsa.org.au)
  • The first clear government response to the protests was a proposal for a new education fund and a cabinet shuffle which replaced Minister of Education Joaquín Lavín and was seen as not fundamentally addressing student movement concerns. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many newspapers and analysts have traced the protests back to the 2006 Penguin Revolution that occurred during the government of Michelle Bachelet , some claiming that these are the same secondary students who headed the 2006 movement that when in university are heading the 2011 student protests. (wikipedia.org)
  • Saharawis
  • MUA, finally, declared it will keep on campaigning and raising awareness about the question of Western Sahara "until the Saharawis can determine" their future and the future of their resources. (awsa.org.au)
  • The people of Western Sahara, the Saharawis opposed that invasion with force, defeating the Mauritanians and preventing the Moroccans from taking over all of their country. (awsa.org.au)
  • Mauritania
  • Morocco has international borders with Algeria to the east, Spain to the north (a water border through the Strait and land borders with two small Spanish autonomous cities, Ceuta and Melilla), and a disputed border with Mauritania to the south. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company holds production and development operations offshore Ghana, in addition to discoveries and further exploration operations offshore Mauritania and Senegal, and exploration licenses offshore Sao Tome and Principe, Morocco and Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Muslim conquest of the Maghreb in the 7th and 8th centuries did not reach as far south, and Islam came to Mauritania only gradually, from about the 11th century, in the context of the wider Islamization of the Sudan and medieval Arab slave trade. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mauritania, lying next to the Atlantic coast at the western edge of the desert, received and assimilated into its complex society many waves of these migrants and conquerors. (wikipedia.org)
  • From the 15th to the 19th century, European contact with Mauritania was dominated by the trade for gum arabic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Algeria
  • The new negotiations will include talks regarding European investment, agriculture, fisheries, and the accession of Algeria to the World Trade Organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • ALGIERS, Algeria (AP) -- The death toll from the terrorist siege at a natural gas plant in the Sahara climbed past 80 on Sunday as Algerian forces searching the refinery for explosives found dozens more bodies, many so badly disfigured it was unclear whether they were hostages or militants, a security official said. (yahoo.com)
  • Algeria said after Saturday's assault by government forces that at least 32 extremists and 23 hostages were killed. (yahoo.com)
  • Algeria for 30 years has backed the Polisario Front, the organisation battling for self-determination for Western Sahara, the former Spanish colony seized by Morocco. (investorintel.com)
  • Well, it seems from news reports that, to quote one, there is now occurring "an outburst of hostile rhetoric between Morocco and Algeria (reflecting) a historic animosity rooted in irreconcilable differences" over Western Sahara. (investorintel.com)
  • And neighbouring Algeria has now invited Indian companies for undertaking a feasibility study for cooperation in its fertilizer sector. (investorintel.com)
  • It has borders with Western Sahara to the south, Algeria to the east and the Spanish North African territories of Ceuta and Melilla on the Mediterranean coast in the north. (wikitravel.org)
  • desert
  • Desertec is an energy project launched in Munich in 2009, consisting on the use of solar and wind technology in the Sahara desert, with the aim to provide that energy generated to African and European countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media The Sahara (Arabic: الصحراء الكبرى‎, al-ṣaḥrāʼ al-kubrá, 'the Greatest Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sahara can be divided into several regions including: the western Sahara, the central Ahaggar Mountains, the Tibesti Mountains, the Aïr Mountains, the Ténéré desert, and the Libyan Desert. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today Willshire is best remembered as the man who redeemed, cared for and helped repatriate hundreds of Western sailors enslaved in the Sultanate of Morocco during the early part of the 19th century, including Captain James Riley, Robert Adams, and Captain Alexander Scott, all of whom would later write and publish harrowing accounts of their hardships endured as slaves in the desert. (wikipedia.org)
  • Geographically, the Sahara Desert extends over 3.6 million square miles and is the second largest desert on the planet behind Antarctica. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the Sahara Desert was often viewed as a barrier between the African countries, it actually linked them together rather than separated them. (wikipedia.org)
  • It took months for merchants to cross the Sahara Desert, and they faced challenges ranging from natural disasters to lost caravans. (wikipedia.org)
  • In his memoir, Battuta described the Sahara as a "desert haunted by demons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trade among the Sahara Desert was highly influenced by the prominent Western empires and the local people living along the trade routes. (wikipedia.org)
  • A sparsely populated stretch of desert bordering the Atlantic Ocean, Western Sahara has rich fishing grounds as well as phosphate. (reuters.com)
  • Algerian
  • This according to information released by the Algerian Trade Ministry's Economic Control and Fraud Squad. (wikipedia.org)
  • Algerian special forces stormed the plant on Saturday to end the four-day siege, moving in to thwart what government officials said was a plot by the Islamic extremists to blow up the complex and kill all their captives with mines sown throughout the site. (yahoo.com)
  • It was unclear whether anyone was rescued in the final assault on the complex, which is run by the Algerian state oil company along with BP and Norway's Statoil. (yahoo.com)
  • Two private Algerian TV stations and an online news site said security forces scouring the plant found five militants hiding out and learned that three others had fled. (yahoo.com)
  • The proposal was reportedly made by a Algerian trade delegation visiting New Delhi. (investorintel.com)
  • routes
  • But jog off the main tourist trade routes, beyond the orange groves and into central Florida's ''Bone Valley'' and the state's third largest industry - phosphate mining - becomes very visible. (csmonitor.com)
  • This led to an increase in the need and use for trade routes. (wikipedia.org)
  • The trade routes from Sijilmasa to Walata passed through the salt mines of Taghaza. (wikipedia.org)
  • The routes from Morocco to Egypt were large distribution centers for gold. (wikipedia.org)
  • In his memoirs, Battuta also described the dangers of the trade routes. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 14th century, prominent trade and travel routes had been firmly established. (wikipedia.org)
  • These powerful empires would extend their hand of power over African trade by directing trade routes through the major cities and taxing the traveling merchants and their goods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Through the power of the empires, many of the trade routes were secured and the merchant profession became a prosperous one. (wikipedia.org)
  • Along the trade routes, local or residential tribes would establish and maintain resting posts for the traveling merchants. (wikipedia.org)
  • The scouts often used these trading posts to guide the caravans along the correct trade routes. (wikipedia.org)
  • officials
  • In progressing plans to submit a new application we are working with government officials to seek improvement in the permitting process and iwi, academic, industry and central government input to ensure New Zealand can benefit from an environmentally superior phosphate source. (rockphosphate.co.nz)
  • self-determination
  • The UN has in place a mission, MINURSO, charged with the responsibility of organizing the referendum on self-determination for the people of the Western Sahara. (awsa.org.au)
  • The SADR government recognizes the withdrawal of what would have been an untenable defence as a helpful step, both for ensuring clarity of what the High Court has determined on abundant evidence and as a contribution to the application of the rule of law in the continuing occupation of Western Sahara and a denial to its people of the right of self-determination. (awsa.org.au)
  • people
  • A Kosmos official told Reuters, "If we are successful, we believe responsible resource development has the potential to create significant social and economic benefits for Western Sahara and its people. (wikipedia.org)
  • The council's decision fails to recognize that people in Western Sahara-whom we have met in hundreds of face-to-face conversations-want the economic opportunities that come from increased foreign investment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company employs 18,000 people and indirectly supports more than 40,000 jobs across Morocco. (investorintel.com)
  • https://ca.news.yahoo.com/alberta-survive-zombie-apocalypse-123000537.html Many organizations use 'zombie outbreak' as a hypothetical event to see how ready people are to survive more realistic. (yahoo.com)
  • SADR
  • The SADR government also welcomed the pending resolution of the case in the context of the m.v. NM Cherry Blossom being able to return to trade. (awsa.org.au)
  • The United Nations Security Council has called for fresh negotiations between Morocco and the Polisario, which runs its self-declared Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic or SADR. (reuters.com)
  • cargo
  • Another vessel of similar cargo was arrested in Panama, it was going to Canada for the company Agrium. (awsa.org.au)
  • authorities
  • The press is mostly state controled even though there are free newspapers , and clampdowns have occurred following criticism of the authorities or articles concerning the Western Sahara situation. (wikitravel.org)
  • Mali
  • While trade along the Trans-Sahara trade route was common in the 14th century, it was highly dependent on the powerful African Empires, such as the Mali Empire, Kingdom of Kongo, Benin Kingdom, Hausa City-states, Great Zimbabwe, Ethiopian Empire, Kilwa Sultanat, and the Ajuran Sultanate. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1352-53, Ibn Battuta embarked on a pilgrimage from Morocco to the Mali empire. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 10th-15th centuries the major empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhay influenced many of the trade practices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fertilizer
  • OCP also has plans for the erection of 4 additional phosphate fertilizer factories, specializing in diammonium and monoammonium phosphate.Samsung and Daewoo were awarded the contracts for carrying out the construction of these 4 additional units (2 each) Since December, 2006 the management of the port has been transferred to Marsa Maroc, a state-owned public company responsible for the management of 9 ports in Morocco and the Western Sahara. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spanish
  • date= (help) "Inversoras venden acciones Kerr-McGee por conflicto Sahara" (in Spanish). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Spanish Republican Navy was the naval arm of the Armed Forces of the Second Spanish Republic, the legally established government of Spain between 1931 and 1939. (wikipedia.org)
  • They balked at the costs and at the lack of results of the Spanish military during the Rif Wars in Morocco and their vision was to have a smaller and more modern Spanish Navy that would meet the needs of the country. (wikipedia.org)
  • But Azaña's lack of finesse in his dealings with the more conservative officers of the Spanish Navy established a deep mistrust between the majority of those having high posts in the Navy and the new government. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Spanish coup of July 1936 dealt a severe blow to the structure of the Spanish Republican Armed Forces, which ended up fragmented on the basis of joining the rebels or remaining loyal to the established government. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spanish prehistory extends to the pre-Roman Iron Age cultures that controlled most of Iberia: those of the Iberians, Celtiberians, Tartessians, Lusitanians, and Vascones and trading settlements of Phoenicians, Carthaginians, and Greeks on the Mediterranean coast. (wikipedia.org)
  • rebels
  • As reported here on InvestorIntel last month, Great Quest Metals (TSX.V:GQ) has welcomed the recent ceasefire agreement between the Malian government and the Tuareg rebels. (investorintel.com)
  • caravan
  • Beginning slowly through contacts with Berber and Arab merchants engaged in the important caravan trades and rapidly advancing through the Almoravid conquests, Islamization did not take firm hold until the arrival of Yemeni Arabs in the 12th and 13th centuries and was not complete until several centuries later. (wikipedia.org)
  • settlements
  • The seafaring Phoenicians, Carthaginians, and Greeks successively established trading settlements along the eastern and southern coast. (wikipedia.org)
  • natural
  • The mining sector is poised for increased participation of private sector companies and also in the fuel sector in natural gas and petroleum extraction. (wikipedia.org)
  • They complained that they were being treated as second-class citizens in their own country, while Morocco exploited their natural resources for its profit. (awsa.org.au)
  • Sid Ahmed Lamjayed is the president of the CSPRON The committee to support the peace settlement and to protect the natural resources in Western Sahara. (awsa.org.au)
  • In a meeting with Equipe Media Mohamed Jaaim, general secretary of CSPRON, said: "I denounce the systematic plundering of natural resources in Western Sahara by Morocco and its accomplices in particular the phosphate, the indispensable element in the global agriculture. (awsa.org.au)
  • mainly
  • The Sahara is mainly rocky hamada (stone plateaus), Ergs (sand seas - large areas covered with sand dunes) form only a minor part, but many of the sand dunes are over 180 metres (590 ft) high. (wikipedia.org)
  • Morocco is composed mainly of Arabs and Imazighen or an admixture of the two. (wikitravel.org)
  • tonnes
  • Indian news reports say the plant will use around 1.4 million tonnes of Tunisian rock phosphate per year, producing 360,000 tonnes of phosphoric acid annually. (investorintel.com)
  • coast
  • Jorf Lasfar (Arabic for "Yellow Cliffs") is a deepwater commercial port located on the Atlantic coast of Morocco. (wikipedia.org)
  • An American national, Riley's ship had been wrecked off the Western Sahara coast in August of that year and he and his crew enslaved. (wikipedia.org)
  • developing country
  • In relation to the huge U.S. economy, the free trade agreement is expected to have a positive, but small overall effect on the U.S. The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) has said that the agreement with Morocco is the "best market access package to date of any U.S. free trade agreement signed with a developing country. (wikipedia.org)
  • importation
  • Though the Treatment Action Campaign openly clashed with the government led by then ANC President, Thabo Mbeki, and adopted a number of activist strategies including illegal importation of ARV's, occupying government offices, or calling for the arrest of the ministers of trade and industry as well as health, nonetheless Achmat was still very much ANC. (africafocus.org)
  • seeks
  • Such statements are contemptible and unworthy of a state owned company that otherwise seeks the protection of the law in its commercial dealings. (awsa.org.au)
  • Ghana
  • Kosmos was the focus of a documentary Big Men that followed the company as it worked to establish the Jubilee oil field in Ghana. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company and its operations in Ghana, around the time of the Jubilee discovery and work to develop the field, was the focus of Rachel Boynton's 2013 documentary-film Big Men. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reform
  • 108 KB) revealed by STR analysis "Arab Reform and Foreign Aid - Lessons from Morocco" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • They also rejected a no-fly zone and any intervention by Western powers, but supported an "African solution" of reform. (wikipedia.org)
  • exploitation
  • The overseeing authority is the Office National de Recherches et d'Exploitations Petrolieres (Office of Research and Petroleum exploitation) under the overall jurisdiction of the Ministry of Industry, Trade, Energy, and Mines]. (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • The mining industry of Morocco is important to the national economy. (wikipedia.org)
  • In terms of the volume of product processed, as of 2004, it was considered the second most important port in Morocco (just after Casablanca). (wikipedia.org)
  • And the December 2013 decision by the metalworkers union NUMSA, to end official support for the ANC has opened up an intense debate within the ranks of the trade union movement, the ANC's most important institutional ally. (africafocus.org)