• palsy
  • Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of permanent movement disorders that appear in early childhood. (wikipedia.org)
  • Often babies with cerebral palsy do not roll over, sit, crawl, or walk as early as other children of their age. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cerebral palsy is caused by abnormal development or damage to the parts of the brain that control movement, balance and posture. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, those with stiff muscles have spastic cerebral palsy, those with poor coordination have ataxic cerebral palsy, and those with writhing movements have athetoid cerebral palsy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cerebral palsy has been documented throughout history with the first known descriptions occurring in the work of Hippocrates in the 5th century BCE. (wikipedia.org)
  • William Osler first named it "cerebral palsy" from the German "zerebrale Kinderlähmung" (cerebral child-paralysis). (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media Cerebral palsy is defined as "a group of permanent disorders of the development of movement and posture, causing activity limitation, that are attributed to non-progressive disturbances that occurred in the developing fetal or infant brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Muscle contractions in people with cerebral palsy is commonly thought to arise from overactivation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cerebral palsy is characterized by abnormal muscle tone, reflexes, or motor development and coordination. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effects of cerebral palsy fall on a continuum of motor dysfunction, which may range from slight clumsiness at the mild end of the spectrum to impairments so severe that they render coordinated movement virtually impossible at the other end of the spectrum. (wikipedia.org)
  • cortex
  • One medical journal reports hydranencephaly as an autosomal inherited disorder with an unknown mode of transmission, where an unknown blockage of the carotid artery where it enters the cranium causes obstruction and damage to the cerebral cortex. (wikipedia.org)
  • lesions
  • Toxoplasmosis lesions are most commonly located in the cerebral hemispheric white matter and subcortical gray matter, such as the thalamus and basal ganglia, and CT and MR images show multiple ring-enhancing lesions. (appliedradiology.com)
  • 5 Recently diffusion-weighted MR imaging with ADC maps has been used as a tool for characterizing infectious and neoplastic brain lesions.Unlike pyogenic abscesses, the core tissue of rim-enhancing toxoplasma abscesses shows no restriction of water diffusion, and the signal intensity of the abscess core on diffusion-weighted MRI is equal to or less than that of normal, unaffected cerebral white matter. (appliedradiology.com)
  • A recent prospective study using perfusion MR imaging showed that the regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) was decreased throughout the toxoplasmosis lesions and in the surrounding edema of both lesion types, whereas all active lymphomas displayed areas of increased rCBV. (appliedradiology.com)
  • exposure
  • Toxoplasmosis is usually spread by eating poorly cooked food that contains cysts, exposure to infected cat feces, and from a mother to a child during pregnancy if the mother becomes infected. (wikipedia.org)
  • develop
  • Another 5% later develop cerebral calcification (decreasing IQ levels dramatically and causing sensorineural deafness and psychomotor retardation). (wikipedia.org)