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  • botulinum toxin
  • Serum taken on the day of admission had tested negative for barbiturate and the residual serum from the 3 animals later tested negative for botulinum toxin. (scielo.org.za)
  • Colon and oesophageal content from the male at necropsy were positive for Clostridium botulinum toxin type C by the mouse bioassay neutralisation test, confirming that this male had had concomitant barbiturate toxicity and botulism, and had succumbed to aspiration bronchopneumonia secondary to pharyngeal, laryngeal and oesophageal paralysis and oesophageal impaction. (scielo.org.za)
  • Toxins vary greatly in their toxicity, ranging from usually minor (such as a bee sting) to almost immediately deadly (such as botulinum toxin). (wikipedia.org)
  • bacteria
  • Foodborne illness, commonly known as food poisoning , results from consuming food that is contaminated with disease-causing bacteria or virus, by eating food which has natural toxic substances such as poisonous mushroom. (medindia.net)
  • Furthermore, LTNF neutralizes the lethality of scorpion and bee venoms and toxins from various animals, plants and bacteria. (scielo.br)
  • Thus, natural LTNF from opossum serum has potential as a universal therapy for envenomation caused by animals, plants and bacteria. (scielo.br)
  • These are federally regulated biological agents (e.g., viruses, bacteria, fungi, and prions) and toxins that have the potential to pose a severe threat to public health and safety, to animal or plant health, or to animal or plant products. (wikipedia.org)
  • A rather informal terminology of individual toxins relates them to the anatomical location where their effects are most notable: Hemotoxin, causes destruction of red blood cells (hemolysis) Phototoxin, causes dangerous photosensitivity On a broader scale, toxins may be classified as either exotoxins, being excreted by an organism, or endotoxins, that are released mainly when bacteria are lysed. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bacteria produce toxic peptides that can be harmful to plants and animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • species
  • A common problem in veterinary medicine is toxin ingestion by carnivorous species. (scielo.org.za)
  • In the United States, where lesser celandine is considered a plant pest to gardens, lawns, and natural areas, many governmental agencies have made great effort attempting to slow the spread of this species with limited success. (wikipedia.org)
  • The U.S. National Park Service's Plant Conservation Alliance recommends avoiding planting lesser celandine, and instead planting native ephemeral wildflowers such as Asarum canadense, bloodroot, the native twinleaf (Jeffersonia diphylla), and various species of Trillium as alternatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, most larvae of this species obtain their characteristic toxic compounds from their diet, which can vary from foxglove (and members of the daisy family) to species in completely other plant families, such as plantago. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effectiveness of this plant response was tested on several species of Lepidoptera. (wikipedia.org)
  • Latex is produced by 20,000 species from over 40 families occurring in multiple lineages in both dicotyledonous and monocotyledonous types of plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among tropical plant species 14% create latex, as opposed to 6% of temperate plant species. (wikipedia.org)
  • by consuming toxic plants or animal prey, a species may accumulate the toxin, which then presents a deterrent to a potential predator. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is one of several species used for the production of sago, as well as an ornamental plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • oxysepalum, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan Veratrum viride shoot emerging, Quebec, Canada Veratrum stamineum in the mountains of Japan Veratrum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Setaceous Hebrew Character. (wikipedia.org)
  • toxicity
  • The plant is most hazardous at the seedling stage because of its toxicity as well as palatability. (lsesc.net)
  • As plants develop past the seedling stage, their toxicity decreases. (lsesc.net)
  • Western American Indian tribes have a long history of using this plant medicinally, and combined minute amounts of the winter-harvested root of this plant with Salvia dorii to potentiate its effects and reduce the toxicity of the herb. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to their toxicity and the availability of other less toxic drugs, use of Veratrum as a treatment for high blood pressure in humans was discontinued. (wikipedia.org)
  • deadly
  • For example, Lucretius (ca. 99 BCE - ca. 55 BCE) and Pliny the Elder (23 AD - August 25, 79) both knew of its medicinal emetic as well as deadly toxic properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • peptides
  • Toxins can be small molecules, peptides, or proteins that are capable of causing disease on contact with or absorption by body tissues interacting with biological macromolecules such as enzymes or cellular receptors. (wikipedia.org)
  • organic
  • Biomagnification (magnification of toxins with increasing trophic level) Chelation therapy International POPs Elimination Network Persistent organic pollutants Phytoremediation (removal of pollutants by bioaccumulation in plants) Environmental impact of pesticides Alexander. (wikipedia.org)
  • esters
  • Their effects are not yet fully known, but these toxins contain quantities of neurotoxic choline esters which act by interfering with the acetylcholine receptor. (wikipedia.org)
  • latex
  • When injured, the plant exudes a yellow to orange latex. (lsesc.net)
  • Since the 17th century, latex has been used as a term for the fluid substance in plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Originally, the name given to latex by indigenous Equator tribes who cultivated the plant was "caoutchouc", from the words "caa" (tear) and "ochu" (tree), because of the way it is collected. (wikipedia.org)
  • Early in the development of the seedling, latex cells differentiate, and as the plant grows these latex cells grow into a branching system extending throughout the plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Latex functions to protect the plant from herbivores. (wikipedia.org)
  • substance
  • Animals can be toxic to humans if it has consumed a plant that has toxic substance to which the animal is immune. (medindia.net)
  • Thus, the longer the biological half-life of a toxic substance, the greater the risk of chronic poisoning, even if environmental levels of the toxin are not very high. (wikipedia.org)
  • chemical
  • There was an ongoing terminological dispute between NATO and the Warsaw Pact over whether to call a toxin a biological or chemical agent, in which the NATO opted for biological agent, and the Warsaw Pact, like most other countries in the world, for chemical agent. (wikipedia.org)
  • eaten
  • Mature plants, however, are seldom eaten, perhaps because of their bitterness and rough texture. (lsesc.net)
  • The cycad seed contains cycasin toxin and should not be eaten as it is possible for cycasin toxin to survive the most vigorous of repeated washings. (wikipedia.org)
  • colorful
  • When it comes to the front door of your home there is no more important way to greet your guests and makes a good first impression than to pot up some plants and have a colorful, fragrant display. (arizonapottery.com)
  • With trailing vines and colorful plants bursting out of these planters you will have guests commenting on what a wonderful first impression you have made. (arizonapottery.com)
  • With or without the colorful bird shaped flowers these plants have large fan like palms. (arizonapottery.com)
  • include
  • Prominent plants include cassava (Manihot esculenta), castor oil plant (Ricinus communis), Barbados nut (Jatropha curcas), and the Para rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis). (wikipedia.org)
  • biological
  • Toxin production in Pyrenophora teres, the ascomycete causing the net-spot blotch disease of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. (wikipedia.org)
  • harm
  • I believe the answer is clear-cut, at least if you believe that toxic chemicals have the capacity to harm your health. (mercola.com)
  • Due to the plant-fungus symbiosis, plants were able to produce more toxins than normal due to the fungus' acquisition of additional usable resources from the soil, and in turn harm the larvae's consumption of leaf matter. (wikipedia.org)
  • larvae
  • The larvae of A. caja are generalists, meaning they eat a large variety of plants without much specialization. (wikipedia.org)
  • grown
  • Plants grown from seeds will generally push through the earth and sprout leaves in early spring. (wikipedia.org)
  • Frost damage can occur at temperatures below −10 °C (14 °F), and several healthy plants have been grown with little protection as far north as St. Louis Missouri and New York, New York, both in USDA zone 7b. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antioxidants
  • You did not suddenly develop a new set of genetic instructions over the past 60+ years that allow your body to thrive on toxins and "not know what to do" with antioxidants! (mercola.com)
  • stems
  • The Christmas Rose is an evergreen plant with dark, leathery, pedate leaves carried on stems to 9-12 in tall. (lsesc.net)
  • The laticiferous system is present in all parts of the mature plant, including roots, stems, leaves, and sometimes the fruits. (wikipedia.org)
  • protect
  • So the latter countries, with their strong Green parties, can continue to blast their fields with fungicides, insecticides and other agro-chemicals while we in the UK can use genetically improved crops which require little to no toxic chemicals to protect them against pests and diseases. (marklynas.org)
  • reef
  • coral fish can be responsible for the poisoning known as ciguatera when they accumulate a toxin called ciguatoxin from reef algae. (wikipedia.org)
  • seeds
  • The plant is found all over India and though all its parts are poisonous, the seeds are commonly used as poison. (santoshraut.com)
  • Suicide genes" are inserted into the DNA of GE plants in order to prevent their seeds from being viable for future use. (mercola.com)
  • The plants mostly propagate and spread vegetatively, although some subspecies are capable of producing up to 73 seeds per flower. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sago is extracted from the sago cycad by cutting the pith from the stem, root and seeds of the cycads, grinding the pith to a coarse flour and then washing it carefully and repeatedly to leach out the natural toxins. (wikipedia.org)
  • Veratrum
  • Veratrum is a genus of flowering plants in the family Melanthiaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Members of Veratrum are known both in western herbalism and traditional Chinese medicine as toxic herbs to be used with great caution. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1753. Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Veratrum includes photos and European distribution maps Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • symmetrical
  • This very symmetrical plant supports a crown of shiny, dark green leaves on a thick shaggy trunk that is typically about 20 cm (7.9 in) in diameter, sometimes wider. (wikipedia.org)
  • The radially symmetrical flowers are unisexual, with the male and female flowers usually on the same plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • cause
  • This plant also may cause photosensitization. (lsesc.net)
  • Trifolium subterraneum contains genistein and formononetin isoflavone estrogens that cause most if not all problems with this plant. (lsesc.net)
  • Cycasin toxin can cause ALS, Parkinson's, prostate cancer and fibrolemellar hepatocellular carcinoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • medicinal
  • JE Forero & J Roldan (2002), "Cytotoxic and Antiviral Activities of Colombian Medicinal Plant Extracts of the Euphorbia genus", Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Vol. 97, No. 4, 2002, pp. 541-546. (wikipedia.org)
  • often
  • Terpenes are made of water-insoluble lipids, and synthesized from acetyl-CoA or basic intermediates of glycolysis They often end in -ol (menthol) and comprise the majority of plant essential oils. (wikipedia.org)
  • mnnm, 454 vcv 45 Herbicides usually interfere with plant growth and often imitate plant hormones. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Cockleburs occur throughout Illinois and the rest of the U.S. as stray plants in waste places, cornfields, pastures, and along roadsides, fencerows, stream banks, the beds of dry ponds, and previously flooded land along streams and rivers. (lsesc.net)
  • stem
  • When the plant gets larger the leaves turn into a split leaf saucer shape that is balancing on the stem. (arizonapottery.com)
  • In many plants, the laticiferous system is formed from rows of cells laid down in the meristem of the stem or root. (wikipedia.org)
  • A toxin from Corynebacterium insidiosum causes plugging of the plant stem interfering with water movement between cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • genus
  • The roots of V. nigrum and V. schindleri have been used in Chinese herbalism, where plants of this genus are known as "li lu" (藜蘆). (wikipedia.org)
  • roots
  • Native Americans used the juice pressed from the roots of this plant to poison arrows before combat. (wikipedia.org)
  • means
  • This plant reproduces only by means of its seed. (lsesc.net)
  • Erosion and flood events are particularly effective means of spread, as the plants are very successful at colonizing low-lying floodplains once deposited. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is also used to add height to a garden, and as a means of providing a darker backdrop to more brightly colored plants and flowers. (wikipedia.org)
  • As this contradicts most formal definitions of the term "toxin", it is important to confirm what the researcher means when encountering the term outside of microbiological contexts. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • Anti-lethal factor named Lethal Toxin Neutralizing Factor (LTNF) has been isolated in purity from opossum ( Didelphis virginiana ) serum by high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). (scielo.br)
  • The cocklebur plant is a coarse herbaceous annual about 3 feet high. (lsesc.net)
  • Warm without drafts, moist but not sitting water and misting every couple of days will keep these high humidity plants happy. (arizonapottery.com)
  • Native
  • Ficaria verna, (formerly Ranunculus ficaria L.) commonly known as lesser celandine or pilewort, is a low-growing, hairless perennial flowering plant in the buttercup family Ranunculaceae native to Europe and west Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once established, native plants are displaced and ground is left barren and susceptible to erosion, from June to February, during the plant's six-month dormancy phase. (wikipedia.org)
  • Development of homes along the shore has reduced the number of native plants that helped to strengthen the shore and reduce erosion. (wikipedia.org)
  • The plants' teratogenic properties and ability to induce severe birth defects were well known to Native Americans. (wikipedia.org)
  • phytotoxins
  • What Mr Saravanabhavan and Ms Pati did - and this is where the brilliance of their idea shines through - was devise a way to extract the phytotoxins of the parthenium plant and create an entirely new substance that could act as an anti-microbial agent. (tata.com)
  • Biotoxins are further classified into fungal biotoxins, or short mycotoxins, microbial biotoxins, plant biotoxins, short phytotoxins and animal biotoxins. (wikipedia.org)
  • liver
  • The trouble is, with today's poor diets, environmental toxins and hectic lifestyles, your liver is often overworked and underpaid-which can impact how you feel everyday. (herbalyzer.com)
  • While it's simple to use, our formula is a complex blend of plant-based ingredients known to provide excellent liver support, and our homeopathic experts go to great lengths to assure purity and quality. (herbalyzer.com)
  • Every toxin absorbed by the small intestine, stomach, pancreas, and spleen hits the liver through the venous blood supply first, so a healthy, balanced diet is key to good liver function. (herbalyzer.com)
  • Functional and biochemical evidences to show toxic effect on the brain, liver and striated muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • A hepatotoxin (Gr., hepato = liver) is a toxic chemical substance that damages the liver. (wikipedia.org)
  • perennial
  • Aristolochia watsonii (Watson's Dutchman's pipe, southwestern pipevine, Indian root, snakeroot) is a perennial plant in the birthwort family (Aristolochiaceae), found growing among plants of the Arizona Uplands in the Sonoran Desert. (wikipedia.org)
  • This plant is a large perennial fern with ascending rhizome of about 20 cm high and covered with short rufous scales of about 1 cm long. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacteria
  • When the mosquito larvae ingest the bacteria, crystallized toxins are produced that destroy the digestive tract, resulting in death. (wikipedia.org)
  • A rather informal terminology of individual toxins relates them to the anatomical location where their effects are most notable: Hemotoxin, causes destruction of red blood cells (hemolysis) Phototoxin, causes dangerous photosensitivity On a broader scale, toxins may be classified as either exotoxins, being excreted by an organism, or endotoxins, that are released mainly when bacteria are lysed. (wikipedia.org)
  • pests
  • Isaria fumosorosea has been used to control insect pests of plants grown for the production of cut flowers, ornamentals growing in greenhouses and nurseries, vegetable and cole crops, cotton, maize, rice and plantation crops. (wikipedia.org)
  • genus
  • Adenia is a genus of flowering plants in the passionflower family, Passifloraceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genus name Adenia comes from "aden", reported as the Arabic name for the plant by Peter Forsskål, the author of the genus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The name "Brassicaceae" (English: /ˌbræsɪˈkeɪsi, -siˌaɪ, -siˌeɪ, -siˌi/) comes to international scientific vocabulary from New Latin, from Brassica, the type genus, + -aceae, a standardized suffix for plant family names in modern taxonomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cruciferae is one of eight plant family names, not derived from a genus name and without the suffix -aceae that are authorized alternative names. (wikipedia.org)
  • consumption
  • In its interim report, the panel indicated that anthraquinone, a toxin found in the 'bada chakunda' (Cassia occidentalis) plant was identified in the urine sample of 5 deceased children thus indicating that some of the children may have died of Encephalopathy, which is caused due to consumption of the plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consumption of the leaves and bark of the avocado tree, or the skin and pit of the avocado fruit have been shown to have the following effects: In birds, which are particularly sensitive to the avocado toxin, the symptoms are: increased heart rate, myocardial tissue damage, labored breathing, disordered plumage, unrest, weakness, and apathy. (wikipedia.org)
  • biological
  • There was an ongoing terminological dispute between NATO and the Warsaw Pact over whether to call a toxin a biological or chemical agent, in which the NATO opted for biological agent, and the Warsaw Pact, like most other countries in the world, for chemical agent. (wikipedia.org)
  • temperate
  • In temperate climates, rhubarb is one of the first food plants harvested, usually in mid- to late spring (April/May in the Northern Hemisphere, October/November in the Southern Hemisphere), and the season for field-grown plants lasts until September. (wikipedia.org)
  • Temperate water herbivores have no natural immunity to these toxins, allowing Caulerpa to grow unchecked if introduced to temperate waters. (wikipedia.org)
  • environmental
  • This peripheral position, in which segregated Romani settlements and their inhabitants become viewed as de-territorialized zones "beyond the pale" of government responsibility and European Union citizenship, has been identified by some scholars as an aggravating factor in the prevalence of environmental hazards (such as proximity to industrial facilities and illegal or toxic waste dumps). (wikipedia.org)
  • Organisms that possess myotoxins include: rattlesnakes eastern bearded dragon Cytotoxins are toxic at the level of individual cells, either in a non-specific fashion or only in certain types of living cells: Ricin, from castor beans Apitoxin, from honey bees T-2 mycotoxin, from certain toxic mushrooms The term "environmental toxin" can sometimes explicitly include synthetic contaminants such as industrial pollutants and other artificially made toxic substances. (wikipedia.org)
  • substances
  • Carbon dioxide and other toxic substances are formed in the cells as the end pr6ducts of combustion and other processes taking place in the cells. (healthise.com)
  • Toxins are often distinguished from other chemical agents by their method of production-the word toxin does not specify method of delivery (compare with venom and the broader meaning of poison-all substances that can also cause disturbances to organisms). (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • The plant is inconspicuous, small and hard to spot, but can be found by following the pipevine swallowtail (blue swallowtail, Battus philenor) which lays eggs on it. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is currently found in some nurseries that feature native plants as it is a good landscape plant in a butterfly garden. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has not been found to be toxic to rats in laboratory experiments and is not considered to be harmful to birds, honey bees, bumblebees or a wide range of non-target arthropods. (wikipedia.org)
  • small
  • Flowers shaped and smelling like a rodent's ear attract small blood-sucking flies, which are deceived by the appearance and odor and get trapped in the convoluted flower form for a day, then escape to pollinate another plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • organic
  • Their website states that they use non-toxic cleaning supplies, recycle, serve only organic coffee, and also give $10.00 of your room fee to the Nature Conservancy. (blogspot.com)
  • include
  • Organisms that possess necrotoxins include: The brown recluse or "fiddle back" spider Most rattlesnakes and vipers produce phospholipase and various trypsin-like serine proteases Puff Adder Necrotizing fasciitis (caused by the "flesh eating" bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes) - produces a pore forming toxin Neurotoxins primarily affect the nervous systems of animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • carbon
  • Plants take up carbon dioxide from the air for their nutrition and growth, and release oxygen into the air. (healthise.com)
  • The result is that carbon dioxide is not eliminated properly, and toxins consequently accumulate in the body. (healthise.com)
  • In general, ethanol is less toxic and has higher energy density, although methanol is less expensive to produce sustainably and is a less expensive way to reduce the carbon footprint. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carbon Recycling International, an Icelandic-American company, completed the first commercial scale renewable methanol plant in 2011. (wikipedia.org)
  • body
  • For centuries, homeopathic practitioners have relied on natural, plant-based ingredients to help detoxify the body and promote healthy body functions. (herbalyzer.com)
  • protein
  • Seen as a family business in many homes, its preparation is in accordance with handed-down tradition from previous generations and serves as a cheap source of plant protein. (frontiersin.org)
  • production
  • 335M) industrial scale experimental development biofuels plant for production of Biomethanol and BioDME at the Domsjö Fabriker biorefinery complex in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden, using Chemrec's black liquor gasification technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • results
  • Attempts to pull the plants out by hand or to burn them results in the seeds bursting and releasing their dangerous pollen. (tata.com)
  • commonly
  • Brassicaceae or Cruciferae is a medium-sized and economically important family of flowering plants commonly known as the mustards, the crucifers, or the cabbage family. (wikipedia.org)
  • seeds
  • The tribal people also use the root, seeds and leaf of the plant as a traditional medicine for many common ailments. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • They contain lectins such as lanceolin, stenodactylin, and volkensin, which are toxic to cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • products
  • It is, therefore, very useful to athletes and those who exercise regularly for maintaining muscular health and eliminating toxic products, the result of muscle activity. (wordpress.com)
  • Smoking and using nicotine replacement products can be dangerous because nicotine can build up to toxic levels. (jumply.info)
  • ways
  • Different individuals use the odd phenomenon in particular ways such as toxins, fitness demonstration, and mimicry. (wikipedia.org)
  • leaves
  • The caterpillar may eat all of the leaves on a plant, but they then grow back. (wikipedia.org)
  • One plant can have leaves of varying shapes and sizes, and young and old specimens can have different leaf types. (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • As this contradicts most formal definitions of the term "toxin", it is important to confirm what the researcher means when encountering the term outside of microbiological contexts. (wikipedia.org)
  • large
  • Rhubarb thrives in areas of direct sunlight and can successfully be planted in containers if they are large enough to accommodate a season's growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • A. digitata is cultivated as an ornamental plant for its very large, distinctive aboveground tuber. (wikipedia.org)
  • short
  • The plant is bipinnate with long brownish petioles, and the petiole base is black and covered with short scales. (wikipedia.org)
  • includes
  • Like its sister site Lawn Talk , Hablemos Del Cesdped includes tips and resources for planting and maintenance, including common lawn care mistakes to avoid. (blogspot.com)
  • food
  • Doug Winfrey and Dr. Wallach discuss a news article about a new study on toxic chemicals in fast food packaging. (ksco.com)
  • Since biofouling can occur almost anywhere water is present, biofouling poses risks to a wide variety of objects such as medical devices and membranes, as well as to entire industries, such as paper manufacturing, food processing, underwater construction, and desalination plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • energy
  • Loci's technology is designed for energy producing landfills, by harvesting potentially toxic methane gas from landfills and has shown to increase efficiency by 25% in at least one location. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the Loci Controls solution, revenue from landfill gas-to-energy plants is increased, risk of noncompliance is mitigated, and odor complaints can be instantly addressed. (wikipedia.org)