• mucous membranes
  • This often results in a depapilled, atrophic glossitis, giving the tongue a bald and shiny appearance, along with pallor (paleness) of the lips and other mucous membranes a tendency towards recurrent oral ulceration, and cheilosis (swelling of the lips). (wikipedia.org)
  • Burning mouth syndrome is characterized by chronic burning sensation on the tongue and other oral mucous membranes in the absences of any identifiable signs or causes. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacteria
  • Because of the exchange of bacteria and body fluids between the users of the toothbrush. (sharedentalcare.com)
  • Bacteria then attach to the pellicle layer, form micro-colonies, and mature on the tooth, which can result in oral diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • These bacteria, as well as leukocytes, neutrophils, macrophages, and lymphocytes, are part of the normal oral cavity and contribute to the individual's health. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • Beginning in 1914, Bass commenced his investigations on the understanding of Entamoeba gingivalis (Endameba buccalis) in the microbiological flora of the mouth, beginning his interest in oral health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bass widely promoted means of improved oral hygiene, purposefully avoiding his own personal profit in the interest of public health. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was the 1967 recipient of an award from the Society for Preservation of Oral Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • The members of the organization are dental professionals, dental and public health institutions, confectionery and oral care manufacturers. (wikipedia.org)
  • regular
  • Modern day toothbrushing as a regular habit became prevalent in Europe after contact with the Muslim world in Africa and Asia where the people's teeth remained healthy into old age. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • The sides (lateral) and undersurface (ventral) of the tongue are high risk sites for the development of oral cancer, most commonly squamous cell carcinoma. (wikipedia.org)
  • cavity
  • These microorganisms all occur naturally present in the oral cavity and are normally harmless. (wikipedia.org)
  • available
  • Toothbrushes are available with different bristle textures, sizes, and forms. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United States, although toothbrushes were available at the end of the 19th century, the practice did not become widespread until after the Second World War, when U.S. soldiers continued the toothbrushing that had been required during their military service. (wikipedia.org)
  • soft
  • Black hairy tongue - some factors thought to cause black hairy tongue are environmental, such as eating a soft diet, poor oral hygiene, smoking and antibiotic use. (wikipedia.org)
  • glossitis
  • Some use the term secondary burning mouth syndrome in cases where a detectable cause, such as glossitis, for an oral burning sensation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Glossitis Oral lichen planus Hypoglossal nerve weakness can cause atrophy and fasciculation of the tongue. (wikipedia.org)
  • breath
  • This coating has been identified as a major contributing factor in bad breath (halitosis), which can be managed by brushing the tongue gently with a toothbrush or using special oral hygiene instruments such as tongue scrapers or mouth brushes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Design
  • While he was credited with the discovery of the modern toothbrush, a similar design has since been discovered in China from 1400. (wikipedia.org)
  • products
  • Manufactured by the American consumer-goods conglomerate Colgate-Palmolive, Colgate oral hygiene products were first sold by the company in 1873, sixteen years after the death of the founder, William Colgate. (wikipedia.org)