• shale
  • In 1939, it produced 36,944 tonnes of shale oil. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2012, the demonstrated oil shale reserves were estimated at 58 billion tonnes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oil shale deposits of Queensland and New South Wales are mainly lacustrine (torbanite and lamosite) of Cenozoic deposits, varying in size from 1 to 17.4 billion tonnes, formed in freshwater lakes in grabens, commonly in association with coal-forming swamps. (wikipedia.org)
  • yielding approximately four million tonnes of oil shale, mainly used for gas enrichment, gasoline production, paraffin, kerosene and wood preserving and lubricant production. (wikipedia.org)
  • The modern industrial use of oil shale for oil extraction dates to the mid-19th century and started growing just before World War I because of the mass production of automobiles and trucks and the supposed shortage of gasoline for transportation needs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Benzene
  • Gasoline is a mixture of petroleum hydrocarbons containing straight, branched, and cycloalkanes , which contain 5 to 18 carbons , olefins ( alkenes ), and aromatic hydrocarbons , including benzene , toluene , and xylenes . (factbites.com)
  • exports
  • Gasoline exports from Europe to the Middle East are fairly regular, but a heavy maintenance schedule in the Middle East, which holds some of the world's largest and most advanced refineries, has pushed up demand on the route over the past few months. (reuters.com)
  • Lower gasoline refining margins and prices in recent months have helped open the arbitrage out of Europe, particularly as exports to the U.S. East Coast, traditionally the main market for European sellers, have dropped. (reuters.com)
  • Chinese diesel exports DL-CNEXP have surged by almost 3,000 percent since early 2015, to a record of more than 2 million tonnes last December, according to customs data. (reuters.com)
  • Its gasoline exports GL-CNEXP are up by 365 percent since early 2015, to more than 1 million tonnes in December. (reuters.com)
  • emissions
  • if it displaces NG instead at 206 g/kWh , it reduces emissions by 20.6 thousand tonnes/day. (blogspot.com)
  • Reduced gasoline volatility and composition changes, along with cleanliness additives and engine management systems, can help minimise cold start emissions, but currently the most effective technique appears to be rapid, deliberate heating of the catalyst , and the new generation of low thermal inertia "fast light-up" catalysts reduce the problem, but further research is necessary [76, (factbites.com)
  • [Update: 8:54am] The above numbers on carbon dioxide emissions produced by gasoline per kilometre are disputed. (sindark.com)
  • Coal
  • The investment of $9.6 billion for 18,400 bbl/day of gasoline is a cost of more than $500k/bbl/day, compared to $100k/bbl/day for tar sands [correction: ~60k/bbl/day for tar sands, $100k for coal-to-liquids]. (blogspot.com)
  • world's
  • Vitol Aviation is focused on Europe, North America and Africa, serving the world's largest airlines and military customers with 5.7 million tonnes of jet fuel a year into wing. (wikipedia.org)
  • consumption
  • Gasoline Middle Distillates USA 338.6 246.3 Canada 26.8 26.1 Western Europe 163.2 266.8 Japan 60.2 92.2 Total World 820.4 1029.0 The USA consumption of gasoline increased from 294.4 (1982) to 335.6 (1989) then dipped to 324.2 (1991), and has continued to rise since then to reach 338.6 million tonnes in 1994. (factbites.com)
  • Chemicals
  • it contains oxygen-rich chemicals in lesser concentrations than the winter oxygenated gasoline and is formulated to reduce certain toxic chemicals found in conventional and winter oxygenated fuels. (factbites.com)
  • equivalent
  • Different GHGs have different physical properties: the global warming potential is an internationally accepted scale of equivalence for other greenhouse gases in units of tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent. (wikipedia.org)
  • chassis
  • It was available with six choices of chassis: 6.30 meters to 10.89 meters and 2 or 3 axles, supporting 11 to 16 tonnes payload. (wikipedia.org)
  • The JL 19 was available as a carrier or tractor, with five different chassis, and bore a payload of up to 26 tonnes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mercedes-Benz-built gasoline or diesel engines were available as powerplant options for the rear-wheel drive chassis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The two tandem engines used on the SU-76M chassis required gasoline fuel, which was sometimes a problem in tank units equipped with diesel-engined tanks. (wikipedia.org)
  • capacity
  • Small locomotives pulled short trains of 10-tonne (22,000 lb) capacity cars through areas of minimum clearance and small-radius curves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other production plants include the PVC production plant in Crepaja with an annual capacity of 16,000 tonnes, the polyethylene pipes and fittings plant in Pančevo with an annual capacity of 11,000 tonnes, the chlorine-alkali electrolysis plant in Pančevo built under the licence of the Olin Corporation with an annual capacity of 200,000 tonnes, a water treatment plant in Pančevo and a utility plant that produces energy fluids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its storage capacity is 1.41 million tonnes. (wikipedia.org)
  • engines
  • In 1930 Somua introduced several models of trucks equipped with advanced diesel engines, half cabins and three axles and with payloads from 10 to 13 tonnes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Somua also produced a lighter range with five to eight tonnes payload, equipped with gasoline engines. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has two gasoline engines that power its 20 tonnes to a maximum speed of 65 kilometers per hour. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gasoline volatility is being reduced as modern engines , with their fuel injection and management systems, can automatically compensate for some of the changes in ambient conditions - such as altitude and air temperature, resulting in acceptable driveability using less volatile fuel . (factbites.com)
  • Gasoline intended for use in engines is rated by octane number, an index of quality that reflects the ability of the fuel to resist detonation and burn evenly when subjected to high pressures and temperatures inside an engine. (factbites.com)
  • nearly
  • SAN FRANCISCO (MarketWatch) -- China has moved to cut the retail price of gasoline by nearly 4% -- its first such cut in 19 months. (marketwatch.com)
  • plant
  • The combined heat and power plant (CHP) is one of the largest of its kind in Europe, capable of generating 1,240 MW and up to 930 tonnes of steam per hour which is used by nearby refineries. (wikipedia.org)
  • power
  • Fastest road car over the 1/4 mile: 9.9 seconds @ 143 mph (230 km/h) Due to its kerb weight of 990 kg (2,183 lb), the power-to-weight ratio for the GTR720 is 727 hp (542 kW) per tonne, which is a better ratio than the Bugatti Veyron, Enzo Ferrari, Ascari A10, Koenigsegg CCX or CCGT, but less than the Koenigsegg CCXR or the Caparo T1. (wikipedia.org)
  • energy
  • November's loadings bound for the Middle East almost tripled versus the month prior, reaching the highest on our records (since the start of 2014), before climbing even higher in December to just shy of 900,000 tonnes," said Matt Smith, an analyst for energy database Clipper Data. (reuters.com)
  • The Macedo study found that producing a tonne of sugarcane requires 250,000 kilojoules of energy. (sindark.com)
  • built
  • 250 8-tonne (18,000 lb) 0-6-0T of Decauville's Progres design were built for military service. (wikipedia.org)