• cadaveric
  • The goals of nPOD are twofold: First, to maintain a network of procuring and characterizing pancreas and related tissues (spleen, duodenum, lymph nodes, pancreatic lymph nodes, and peripheral blood) from cadaveric organ donors with type 1 diabetes as well as those who are positive for islet autoantibodies but have yet to develop T1D. (wikipedia.org)
  • kidney
  • Kidney donors need to be healthy, with no risk of kidney disease or other health issues that would increase the risk of kidney disease in the future. (geisinger.org)
  • To become a living donor, you must be between 18 and 65, healthy without ever having had diabetes, cancer, high blood pressure which is difficult to control, heart disease or kidney disease. (geisinger.org)
  • This October, we were spectators of a case in which a 58 year-old candidate solicited a kidney donor on an Internet site (MatchingDonors.com). (managedcaremag.com)
  • human tissue
  • However, there are no clearly defined regulations regarding the ownership of human tissue specimens and who can control their fate. (aaccjnls.org)
  • Legal cases that have addressed the issue of ownership of human tissue are reviewed, including recent settlements that have led to the destruction of millions of specimens of patient tissue. (aaccjnls.org)
  • Potential changes in the future of biomedical research that uses human tissue, including genetic material, are also discussed. (aaccjnls.org)
  • The use of human tissue is directed by numerous laws and regulations. (aaccjnls.org)
  • Awareness of these rules and of how and when to obtain meaningful informed consent from patients is essential for laboratorians and researchers, who should also be familiar with situations that have led to lawsuits and in some cases the destruction of valuable human tissue specimens. (aaccjnls.org)
  • With the increased use of human tissue in medical research, researchers, research institutions, and human research participants have asked: Who gets to determine the fate of such specimens? (aaccjnls.org)
  • In the US, a country that prides itself on property rights, this question has prompted another: Who "owns" human tissue specimens? (aaccjnls.org)
  • We also provide a brief look into the future of research that uses human tissue. (aaccjnls.org)
  • JDRF recognized this reality and took on the vision to create a biobank of human tissue for type 1 diabetes research, despite the notion of the time that it was an impossible feat. JDRF asked Mark Atkinson, PhD, at the University of Florida to drive this initiative. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most human tissue and organ transplants are allografts. (wikipedia.org)
  • sperm
  • We delete from the definition of "health care" activities related to the procurement or banking of blood, sperm, organs, or any other tissue for administration to patients. (hhs.gov)
  • We do not include blood or sperm banking in this provision because, for those activities, there is direct contact with the donor, and thus opportunity to obtain the individual's authorization. (hhs.gov)
  • A sperm bank, semen bank or cryobank is a facility or enterprise that collects and stores human sperm from sperm donors for use by women who need donor-provided sperm to achieve pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sperm donated by the sperm donor is known as donor sperm, and the process for introducing the sperm into the woman is called artificial insemination, which is a form of third-party reproduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • From a medical perspective, a pregnancy achieved using donor sperm is no different from a pregnancy achieved using partner sperm, and it is also no different from a pregnancy achieved by sexual intercourse. (wikipedia.org)
  • A sperm donor must generally meet specific requirements regarding age and medical history. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the United States, sperm banks are regulated as Human Cell and Tissue or Cell and Tissue Bank Product (HCT/Ps) establishments by the Food and Drug Administration. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the European Union a sperm bank must have a license according to the EU Tissue Directive. (wikipedia.org)
  • By using different methods of fertilization using donor sperm, a sperm bank may increase the chances of a pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some controversy stems from the fact that donors father children for others but usually take no part in the upbringing of such children, and also from the fact that sperm banks often supply donor sperm or provide fertility services to single women and coupled lesbians. (wikipedia.org)
  • Donors may not have a say in who may use their sperm. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women may choose to use a surrogate to bear their children, using eggs provided by the woman and sperm from a donor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sperm banks often provide services which enable a woman to have subsequent pregnancies by the same donor, but equally, women may choose to have children by a number of different donors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whether a donor is anonymous or not, this factor is important in allowing sperm banks to recruit sperm donors and to use their sperm to produce whatever number of pregnancies from each donor as are permitted where they operate, or alternatively, whatever number they decide. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, such legislation usually cannot prevent a sperm bank from supplying donor sperm outside the jurisdiction in which it operates, and neither can it prevent sperm donors from donating elsewhere during their lives. (wikipedia.org)
  • utilization
  • Second, to promote collaboration through investigator utilization of these tissues and data sharing in an effort to address key immunological, histological, viral, and metabolic questions related to the development of type 1 diabetes. (wikipedia.org)
  • pancreatic
  • The Network for Pancreatic Organ donors with Diabetes (nPOD), is a collaborative type 1 diabetes research project funded by JDRF (formerly known as the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation). (wikipedia.org)
  • awareness
  • But despite growing awareness around traditional organ donation, there is still a large gap between the number of people waiting and the number of organs available. (geisinger.org)
  • The Australian Government has made available $473,000 in Community Awareness Grants to support community-based initiatives to boost the number of registered organ donors and applications are now open. (health.gov.au)
  • The Australian Government invites applications for community-based donor registration drives and supporting activities to be held during DonateLife Week 2017 (Sunday 30 July - Sunday 6 August), or for other targeted community awareness and education activities to promote organ and tissue donation. (health.gov.au)
  • Targeted community awareness and education projects play an important role in engaging people on the topic of organ and tissue donation. (health.gov.au)
  • The DonateLife Community Awareness Grants recognise the value and impact of community-led initiatives in promoting the benefits of organ and tissue donation and the importance of registering donation decisions. (health.gov.au)
  • The DonateLife Community Awareness Grants are provided by the Organ and Tissue Authority as part of its national community awareness and education program. (health.gov.au)
  • Research shows that parents often influence the decision of college students to donate, and that overall lack of awareness about organ donation processes is one of the main reasons this age group does not donate. (issuu.com)
  • Donate Life realizes that awareness, education, and advocacy of organ donation are critical for the continued growth of its donor database. (issuu.com)
  • Other initiatives to promote this registry include to raise awareness and information, which permits Ontarians to make decisions about organ and tissue donation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Providing awareness about the online organ donation registry will make organ donation convenient and help to create a system for individuals who may be interested in this decision but unaware of how to register. (wikipedia.org)
  • The increased awareness created by Be a Donor in Ontario caused the online registry to crash on June 15, 2011 due to the numerous responses and over-subscriptions of Ontarians who wanted to sign up to be donors. (wikipedia.org)
  • platelets
  • Besides the main blood donations, known as "whole blood", platelets are also collected. (wikipedia.org)
  • As platelets can only be stored for a few days, regular and frequent donors are in great demand and that is why platelet donors are asked to attend at least 8 - 10 times per year. (wikipedia.org)
  • transplants
  • The program recruits adult volunteer donors, helps member cord blood banks collect and list additional units, and supports research to improve the results of unrelated donor transplants. (wikipedia.org)
  • The men who have sex with men blood donor controversy is the dispute over prohibitions on donations of blood or tissue for organ transplants from men who have sex with men (MSM), a classification of men who engage (or have engaged in the past) in sex with other men, regardless of whether they identify themselves as bisexual, gay, or otherwise. (wikipedia.org)
  • serum
  • Following processing, serum from all nPOD donors is sent to the Autoantibody Core at the University of Colorado to be tested for autoantibodies. (wikipedia.org)
  • type 1 diabet
  • The majority of studies investigating type 1 diabetes have been performed in rodents due to the lack of availability of human tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • nPOD partners with Organ Procurement Organizations (OPOs) and tissue banks to identify deceased organ donors who wish to donate to research and have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes or are pre-clinical (identified by autoantibody testing). (wikipedia.org)
  • Biological markers associated with type 1 diabetes have been identified and are used by physicians and researchers to determine the predisposition and/or disease progression of a donor. (wikipedia.org)
  • procurement
  • There is a lack of education about organ donation registration and procurement procedures, including some significant misconceptions. (issuu.com)
  • Some of these commenters explicitly requested that we include "eyes and eye tissue" in the list of procurement biologicals as well as "eye procurement" in the definition of "health care. (hhs.gov)
  • next of
  • In Australia, more than 95% of consent for eye donation is obtained from the next of kin (NOK) through Eye Bank by telephone interview at the time of donor death. (arvojournals.org)
  • Organ donation is when a person allows an organ of theirs to be removed, legally, either by consent while the donor is alive or after death with the assent of the next of kin. (wikipedia.org)
  • topic of organ
  • however, the definition becomes difficult to execute concerning the topic of organ donation, mainly because the subject is incapable of consent due to death or mental impairment. (wikipedia.org)
  • facilitate
  • It works through an alliance of national organizations and state teams to facilitate donor registration and effective donor education programs, as well as motivate the public to register as organ donors (Donate Life America, 2012). (issuu.com)
  • breast milk
  • Most breast pumps allow direct collection of pumped breast milk into a container that can be used for storage and feeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because there is some risk of passing infections and viruses to babies through breast milk, donors must undergo a medical screening and a blood test to rule out infectious diseases such as HIV-1 and-2, hepatitis B and C and syphilis (Arnold, 1997). (wikipedia.org)
  • organizations
  • Many LGBT organizations view the restrictions on donation as based on homophobia and not based on valid medical concern since donations are rigorously tested to rule out donors that are infected with known viruses such as HIV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C. They state the deferrals are based on stereotypes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kidneys
  • The youngest organ donor was a baby with anencephaly, born in 2015, who lived for only 100 minutes and donated his kidneys to an adult with renal failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • Matching, particularly in the case of kidneys, is so important that donation and allocation needs to be organised nationally. (wikipedia.org)
  • researchers
  • It wasn't until the 15th century that researchers at medical schools in Europe were able to study the human body and its tissues without the fear of prosecution ( 1 ). (aaccjnls.org)
  • It also provides eye tissue for researchers with valuable documented longitudinal ophthalmic findings vital for clinicopathological correlation. (arvojournals.org)
  • nPOD grew out of a vision to bridge this gap of understanding by creating a biobank to collect and distribute diabetes-associated human tissues to researchers. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Above all, it's important for people considering living donation to ask as many questions as possible to make an informed decision. (geisinger.org)
  • In most cases, people who become donors feel honored to have helped improve the lives of other people. (geisinger.org)
  • People who donate organs are never in direct contact with the people who receive them. (umm.edu)
  • The number of deaths could be reduced if more people knew the facts about organ donation and understood how urgently donated organs are needed. (classkids.org)
  • There are two main reasons why people don't participate in organ donation programs. (classkids.org)
  • Many people wrongly believe that if they are in an accident and the hospital knows they are an organ donor the doctors will not try to save them 1 . (classkids.org)
  • Some people falsely believe their religion does not support organ donations 2 . (classkids.org)
  • The second reason people don't agree to organ donation is that they are uniformed. (classkids.org)
  • This is to ensure research is thorough, as it is important to have access to brain tissues from people who did not have the diseases being studied for comparison. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients
  • Patients with eye diseases often express that their eyes don't see well therefore are not suitable for donation to help others. (arvojournals.org)
  • We established a novel approach in recruiting patients for future eye donation at a tertiary referral retinal clinic. (arvojournals.org)
  • Patients with age-related macular degeneration were approached and consent was sought for eye donation. (arvojournals.org)
  • A 15 minute face to face education of the benefits of donation was provided to all patients and their NOK. (arvojournals.org)
  • At initial interview, 126 patients agreed to donation immediately after the education, 8 refused and 94 patients were undecided. (arvojournals.org)
  • 13/94 undecided patients (14%) then consented for donation at a later date. (arvojournals.org)
  • A direct approach should be considered in all eye clinics by trained health professionals to educate the patients and their NOK for eye donation and to increase eye donor rates. (arvojournals.org)
  • According to Auditor General Jim McCarter, 40 hospitals were not required to alert Trillium Gift of Life Network that they had patients on life support who required donors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike some other NHS organisations, ODT do not have a direct relationship with patients and do not provide "hands on" care. (wikipedia.org)
  • commonly
  • Blood donation vehicles are allowed the use of blue lights and sirens (known commonly "blues and twos") for the use of emergency blood transports. (wikipedia.org)
  • blood donation
  • The National Blood Service (NBS), now renamed Blood Donation, is the organisation for England which collects blood and other tissues, tests, processes, and supplies all the hospitals in England. (wikipedia.org)
  • Currently, blood donation sessions are set up throughout the country and take place in many diverse venues, from village halls, workplaces and mobile collection units (known as Bloodmobiles). (wikipedia.org)
  • A blood donation occurs when a person voluntarily has blood drawn and used for transfusions and/or made into biopharmaceutical medications by a process called fractionation (separation of whole-blood components). (wikipedia.org)
  • This blood is sometimes treated as a blood donation, but may be immediately discarded if it cannot be used for transfusion or further manufacturing. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Health Organization gives recommendations for blood donation policies, but in developing countries many of these are not followed. (wikipedia.org)
  • recipients
  • It was explained that plasmapheresis centers do not have direct access to health care recipients or their health information, and that the limited health information collected about plasma donors is not used to provide health care services as indicated by the definition of health care. (hhs.gov)
  • Sometimes, however, donor milk is shipped to recipients' homes. (wikipedia.org)
  • donate
  • The 'another facility' just means another hospital (as in when a heart gets super fast airlifted to another hospital where one is needed) and 'tissues' just means the organs you have opted to donate. (metafilter.com)
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY As Donate Life America's 2012 campaign to register 20 million new organ donors draws to a close, the organization is challenged with increasing donor registration in the near future. (issuu.com)
  • INTRODUCTION Donate Life America (Donate Life) is a nonprofit organization committed to increasing organ, eye, and tissue donation within the United States. (issuu.com)
  • The oldest known organ donor for an internal organ was a 92-year-old Texas man, whose family chose to donate his liver after he died of a brain hemorrhage. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, regular (healthy) donors are permitted to donate past the age of 60 as long as they remain healthy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since February 2012, male donors have been allowed to donate up to four times a year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today in the developed world, most blood donors are unpaid volunteers who donate blood for a community supply. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many donors donate as an act of charity, but in countries that allow paid donation some donors are paid, and in some cases there are incentives other than money such as paid time off from work. (wikipedia.org)
  • How often a donor can donate varies from days to months based on what component they donate and the laws of the country where the donation takes place. (wikipedia.org)
  • varies
  • The frequency of donations varies among countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The actual process varies according to the laws of the country, and recommendations to donors vary according to the collecting organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most national standards require direct questioning regarding a man's sexual history, but the length of deferral varies. (wikipedia.org)