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  • Centers for Diseas
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of cases reported to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the rate of Lyme disease infection is 7.9 cases for every 100,000 persons. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evidence-based data are scarce therefore many aspects of the disease remain controversial (2,3,4), but in 2013 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) revised their annual estimates from 30,000 cases to 300,000 cases in the USA alone. (borrelioosi.net)
  • bite
  • Ehrlichiosis anaplasmosis (formerly human granulocytic ehrlichiosis or HGE) Organism: Ehrlichia chaffeensis, E. equi (renamed to Anaplasma phagocytophilum, see Human granulocytic anaplasmosis for another example) Vector: Lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum), I. scapularis Region (US): South Atlantic, South-central Bartonella: Bartonella transmission rates to humans via tick bite are not well established but Bartonella is common in ticks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Immediately upon the onset of a tick bite, it transmits a pain killer, anti-histamine and an anti-coagulant. (lymebook.com)
  • The illness follows a lone star tick bite, and clinically resembles Lyme disease, but sufferers usually test negative for Lyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • These recent historical, geographical and microbial data should prompt the medical community to realize that cases of persisting post tick-bite syndromes are probably due to multiple pathogens and that these occult infections will require a new approach if not an actual paradigm shift. (borrelioosi.net)
  • Following referral, on close examination the only clear physical finding they both had was a small eschar lesion, which strongly suggested the possibility of tick bite fever. (wordpress.com)
  • Lyme disease is caused from bacteria from a tick bite and is common in North America. (mirror.co.uk)
  • The application of the modern real-time PCR method allows us to test the skin in tick bite area for a presence of B. burgdorferi. (md-medicaldata.com)
  • Alzheimer's
  • We and others have examined patients with various neurodegenerative and behavioral neurological conditions, such as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Autistic Spectrum Disorders ([ASD], including Autism, Attention Deficit Disorder, Asperger Syndrome), and found evidence for systemic intracellular bacterial and viral infections in a majority of patients. (townsendletter.com)
  • Bacterial
  • Patients with neurodegenerative diseases and behavioral disorders often have systemic bacterial, viral, and/or fungal infections that are important in disease progression and severity. (townsendletter.com)
  • 1 In addition to genetic changes and changes in gene expression, it is thought that nutritional deficiencies, head trauma, environmental toxins, chronic bacterial and viral infections, autoimmune immunological responses, vascular diseases, accumulation of fluid in the brain, changes in neurotransmitter concentrations, and other causes are involved in various neurodegenerative diseases. (townsendletter.com)
  • An attractive model for neurodegeneration resulting in neurological disease involves the action of toxic products produced as a result of chronic bacterial and/or viral infections. (townsendletter.com)
  • I found associations with schizophrenia and bipolar with endogenous retroviruses, autism from bacterial infections, intellectual disabilities from TORCH diseases (Toxoplasmosis, others like syphilis and HIV, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, and Herpes Simplex). (sgu.edu)
  • Lyme disease (LD) is one of the most frequently diagnosed tick-borne bacterial diseases worldwide. (springer.com)
  • In the first part of this review we considered neurodegenerative and neurobehavioural diseases and the findings that these diseases commonly are associated with systemic and central nervous system bacterial and viral infections. (blogspot.com)
  • Endemic
  • Lyme disease is most endemic in Northern Hemisphere temperate regions, but sporadic cases have been described in other areas of the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • This might be due to the very low incidence in an endemic region (0.2%, CI 95% 0.0% to 1.1%) as demonstrated in 517 patients hospitalized for psychiatric diseases. (blogspot.com)
  • bacteria
  • Usually, the tick must be attached for 36 to 48 hours before the bacteria can spread. (wikipedia.org)
  • Typhus Several diseases caused by Rickettsia bacteria (below) Rocky Mountain spotted fever Organism: Rickettsia rickettsii Vector: Wood tick (Dermacentor variabilis), D. andersoni Region (US): East, Southwest Vector: Amblyomma cajennense Region (Brazil): São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thirteen distinct genomic classifications of Lyme disease bacteria have been identified worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • Doxycycline kills the symbiotic Wolbachia bacteria in the reproductive tracts of parasitic filarial nematodes, making the nematodes sterile, and thus reducing transmission of diseases such as onchocerciasis and elephantiasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • illnesses
  • As the incidence of tick-borne illnesses increases and the geographic areas in which they are found expand, health workers increasingly must be able to distinguish the diverse, and often overlapping, clinical presentations of these diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • I have researched a variety of infectious diseases and particularly which mental illnesses or disorders they are associated with. (sgu.edu)
  • 1 In this second part we continue with psychiatric diseases, autoimmune diseases, fatiguing illnesses, and other chronic diseases where chronic infections play an important role. (blogspot.com)
  • Africa
  • With so many vectors, the underlying assumption behind this checklist is that Lyme is not rare in North America, Europe, South America, Russia, Africa or Asia. (lymebook.com)
  • Dracunculus medinensis (guinea worm disease) is found in parts of Africa, Middle East, and Asia. (sgu.edu)
  • The disease is rarely detected in northern Africa and Mediterranean countries ( 3 , 6 , 7 ). (cdc.gov)
  • infections
  • B . hispanica and B . crocidurae infections have been detected in northern and southern Morocco, respectively, along with the tick vectors responsible for their transmission ( Ornithodoros erraticus and O . sonrai , respectively) ( 8 ). (cdc.gov)
  • But after further blood tests at a specialist clinic in Germany she was told she did have the disease - as well as various multiple co-infections - and that her other health problems stemmed from the strain. (mirror.co.uk)
  • In addition to the general indications for all members of the tetracycline antibiotics group, doxycycline is frequently used to treat Lyme disease, chronic prostatitis, sinusitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, acne, rosacea, and rickettsial infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibiotics
  • In the US, neuroborreliosis is typically treated with intravenous antibiotics which cross the blood-brain barrier, such as penicillins, ceftriaxone, or cefotaxime. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, about 10-15% of patients with Lyme arthritis fail the initial course of antibiotics, and some of those develop a chronic inflammatory arthritis optimally treated with local or systemic immunosuppressive agents. (springer.com)
  • 11 In contrast, if the SF-36 was used to determine Quality of Life (QOL) in post-Lyme patients, the average SF-36 physical component summary (40±9, range 29-44) and mental component summary (39±14, range 23-46) of the QOL assessment were worse than the general USA population, and they could be significantly improved by anti-Lyme antibiotics (46% versus 18%, p =0.007). (blogspot.com)
  • 2016
  • Lyme Disease Differential Diagnoses: Diagnostic Considerations Updated: Mar 14, 2016 CDC Two-step Laboratory Testing Process Page last reviewed: March 4, 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • patients
  • showed that patients with neuroborreliosis demonstrate a blood brain barrier disturbance with 62 % showing an elevated albumin ratio and 60 % revealing an increased IgG index, indicative of intrathecal IgG synthesis. (upmc.edu)
  • this rash occurs in 75% of patients infected with Lyme disease and tends to resolve from the inside-out, leaving a bull's eye mark on the skin (Frey 2002). (davidson.edu)
  • Use of bisphosphonates in patients with conditions or diseases affecting renal function is not recommended. (issuu.com)
  • It is clear that in the great majority of patients, chronic Lyme is a disease affecting predominantly the nervous system. (ariplex.com)
  • Although most patients with Lyme/tick-borne disease do not become violent, a small percent of patients who become infected develop a type of neurological dysfunction that can increase their risk of aggressiveness. (psychologytoday.com)
  • In working with a number of patients with Lyme/tick-borne diseases it is apparent to many clinicians these conditions can cause reduced frustration tolerance, irritability, depression , cognitive impairments and mood swings, but more significantly, in a few patients, suicidal and aggressive tendencies. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Critics argue that medical training and education surrounding the disease is still lacking with many patients left undiagnosed. (mirror.co.uk)
  • Studies were performed, some on large numbers of patients, to investigate whether a correlation exists between chronic Lyme disease (defined by seropositivity) and psychiatric disorders. (blogspot.com)
  • neuropsychiatric
  • Thus the value of careful evaluation that often includes neuropsychiatric testing, SPECT and MRI brain scans, CSF analysis when appropriate, regular input from Lyme-aware neurologists, pain clinics, and occasionally specialists in psychopharmacology. (ariplex.com)
  • arthritis
  • It was first identified in 1975 in the town of Old Lyme, CT after an outbreak of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. (davidson.edu)
  • Lyme arthritis: an epidemic of oligoarticular arthritis in children and adults in three connecticut communities. (springer.com)
  • Orczyk K, Swidrowska-Jaros J, Smolewska E. When a patient suspected with juvenile idiopathic arthritis turns out to be diagnosed with an infectious disease - a review of Lyme arthritis in children. (springer.com)
  • spirochetes
  • Detection of Lyme disease spirochetes in the skin of naturally infected wild sikd deer (Cervus nippon yesoensis) by PCR. (nii.ac.jp)
  • The spirochetes involved are well suited to survive in either the tick or a mammalian host and expresses different proteins depending on which host it invades. (davidson.edu)
  • Amyotrophic Lateral S
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neurone disease (MND) and Lou Gehrig's disease, is a specific disease which causes the death of neurons controlling voluntary muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • ALS is a motor neuron disease, also spelled "motor neurone disease", which is a group of neurological disorders that selectively affect motor neurons, the cells that control voluntary muscles of the body, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), primary lateral sclerosis, progressive muscular atrophy, progressive bulbar palsy, pseudobulbar palsy, and spinal muscular atrophy. (wikipedia.org)
  • incidence
  • Those wishing to know the incidence of tick-borne diseases in their town or state can search the LMZ surveillance database. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the most part, the causes and mechanisms of this collection of brain diseases remain largely unknown, and they are increasing in incidence in the developed as well as the underdeveloped world. (townsendletter.com)
  • reactive
  • Further testing was done, including C-reactive protein, reactive plasma regain, and Lyme titers. (lww.com)
  • Blood evaluation confirmed no specific abnormality except her Lyme serology showed 'reactive' change but her Western Blot examination was reported as negative. (wordpress.com)