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  • patients
  • In nearly all cases, the patients do not have any thyroid hormone dysfunction (hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism - respectively, excessive or low hormone levels). (wikipedia.org)
  • Thyroid FNACs of 100 patients with subsequent histology were analysed. (sljol.info)
  • In CCRCC patients, a particularly prolonged survival rate may be achieved with the appropriate therapy, in contrast to the ominous prognosis typically found in patients with thyroid metastases from other origins. (hindawi.com)
  • In autopsy series, thyroid metastases from CCRCC have been detected in 4-5% of patients, but those that are clinically significant are a rare event [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of two anticancer drugs, everolimus and pasireotide, in patients with thyroid cancer when the cancer is no longer responding to treatment with radioiodine or where it is deemed unsafe for the patient to receive additional radioiodine treatment. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Typically a painless thyroid mass is found in patients with this type of cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Follicular thyroid cancer (10% to 20% of cases) - occasionally seen in patients with Cowden syndrome Medullary thyroid cancer (5% to 8% of cases) - cancer of the parafollicular cells, often part of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2. (wikipedia.org)
  • of patients with MEN1 and gastrinoma FMTC = familial medullary thyroid cancer MEN 2B is sometimes known as MEN 3 and the designation varies by institution (c.f. www.ClinicalReview.com). (wikipedia.org)
  • tissue
  • There's still a risk of hypothyroidism though, as the remaining thyroid tissue may not be able to produce enough hormones in the long-run. (wikipedia.org)
  • The l. lobe contains several thyroid nodules some of which are isoechoic with adjacent tissue whereas others are hypoechoic. (medhelp.org)
  • Some physicians favor administering the maximum safe dose (calculated based on a number of factors), while others favor administering smaller doses, which may still be effective in ablating all thyroid tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • hormone
  • These occur when the thyroid is producing too much or too little thyroid hormone respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • After removing the thyroid, the patient must be supplied with a replacement hormone for the rest of their life. (wikipedia.org)
  • When needed, whole body scans consist of withdrawal from thyroxine medication and/or injection of recombinant human Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • Several investigators have proposed a more cohesive approach to thyroid cancer diagnosis incorporating molecular and proteomics based tools in addition to the conventional morphological diagnosis. (bmj.com)
  • cysts
  • SETTLE is a distinct low-grade neoplasm , believed to be derived from branchial pouch or thymic remnants, with only 1 case report showing association with epithelium-lined cysts of possible branchial pouch derivation. (omicsonline.org)
  • lymphoma
  • Environmental exposure to ionizing radiation from both natural background sources and artificial sources is suspected to play a significant role, and there are significant increased rates of thyroid cancer in those exposed to mantlefield radiation for lymphoma, and those exposed to iodine-131 following the Chernobyl, Fukushima, Kyshtym, and Windscale nuclear disasters. (wikipedia.org)
  • pancreatic
  • Possible causes include:[citation needed] Neoplasm Pancreatic cancer Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) Trans fats Since hyperinsulinemia and obesity are so closely linked it is hard to determine whether hyperinsulinemia causes obesity or obesity causes hyperinsulinemia, or both. (wikipedia.org)
  • malignant
  • Hürthle cell neoplasms are somewhat difficult to differentiate between being benign or malignant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Radiation therapy has several applications in non-malignant conditions, such as the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia, acoustic neuromas, severe thyroid eye disease, pterygium, pigmented villonodular synovitis, and prevention of keloid scar growth, vascular restenosis, and heterotopic ossification. (wikipedia.org)
  • diagnosis
  • A differential diagnosis includes lymphoproliferative lesions, thyroid ophthalmopathy, IgG4-related ophthalmic disease, sarcoidosis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, orbital cellulitis and carotid-cavernous fistula. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cancers
  • Although this association can be accidental, it emphasizes the fact that patients with a history of a neoplasm should be monitored regularly in order to diagnose and treat possible second primary cancers in a timely manner. (biomedcentral.com)
  • gland
  • In other sites, chronic immune stimulation is also suspected in the pathogenesis (e.g. association between chronic autoimmune diseases such as Sjögren's syndrome and Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and MALT lymphoma of the salivary gland and the thyroid). (wikipedia.org)
  • neck
  • It is made up of two lobes that meet in upper midline, that stretch from below the thyroid in the neck to as low as the cartilage of the fourth rib. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multiple
  • At the other end of this spectrum, detection of the myeloid protein indicates the presence of a hematological malignancy, i.e. multiple myeloma, Waldenström's macroglobulinemia, or other B cell-associated neoplasm, that derives stepwise from its MGUS precursors. (wikipedia.org)
  • rare
  • Craniopharyngioma is a rare, usually suprasellar neoplasm, which may be cystic, that develops from nests of epithelium derived from Rathke's pouch. (wikipedia.org)
  • function
  • The Hürthle cell is named after German histologist Karl Hürthle, who investigated thyroid secretory function, particularly in dogs. (wikipedia.org)
  • seen
  • The arteries supplying the thymus are branches of the internal thoracic, and inferior thyroid arteries, with branches from the superior thyroid artery sometimes seen. (wikipedia.org)