• enzyme
  • Hydrolysis relieves some of these electrostatic repulsions, liberating useful energy in the process by causing conformational changes in enzyme structure. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hydrolysis or cleavage of RNA can occur spontaneously, without the presence of a catalyst or enzyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fluorescein diacetate (FDA) hydrolysis assays can be used to measure enzyme activity produced by microbes in a sample. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the former case (desymmetrization), the chiral environment of the enzyme active site leads to selective hydrolysis of the ester that is closer to the catalytically active serine residue when the substrate is bound to the enzyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • A key serine residue in the active site promotes hydrolysis, but the substrate must present an ester group to this residue after binding to the enzyme active site for hydrolysis to take place. (wikipedia.org)
  • compounds
  • The point of this review is to define, within limits of current understanding, transition-state structures for enzymic hydrolysis of glycosyl compounds. (springer.com)
  • The Field Deployable Hydrolysis System (FDHS) is a transportable, high throughput neutralization system developed by the U.S. Army for converting chemical warfare material into compounds not usable as weapons. (wikipedia.org)
  • biomass
  • Application of the process to biomass provides simple sugars in near quantitative yield by supercritical hydrolysis of the constituent polysaccharides. (wikipedia.org)
  • A private company, Renmatix, based in King of Prussia, PA, has developed a supercritical hydrolysis technology to convert a range of non-food biomass feedstocks into cellulosic sugars for application in biochemicals and biofuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • likely to occur
  • Thus, active site models of PLE have been advanced with the goal of predicting from the structure of the substrate which of two enantiotopic ester groups will be hydrolyzed (or whether hydrolysis is likely to occur at all). (wikipedia.org)
  • cleavage
  • Auto-hydrolysis or self-cleavage reactions take place in basic solutions, where free hydroxide ions in solution can easily deprotonate the 2' OH of the ribose. (wikipedia.org)
  • thus
  • The modified method eliminates the usual 4-hour hydrolysis period by substituting a 15-minute hydrolysis in an autoclave, thus allowing a more rapid processing of samples. (dtic.mil)
  • Thus hydrolysis adds water to break down, whereas condensation builds up by removing water and any other solvents. (wikipedia.org)
  • This feature makes RNA chemically unstable compared to DNA, which does not have this 2' OH group and thus is not susceptible to base-catalyzed hydrolysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • process
  • Usually hydrolysis is a chemical process in which a molecule of water is added to a substance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thermal hydrolysis is a process used for treating industrial waste, municipal solid waste and sewage sludge. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thermal hydrolysis is a two-stage process combining high-pressure boiling of waste or sludge followed by a rapid decompression. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hydrolysis of the terminal phosphoanhydridic bond is a highly exergonic process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Supercritical hydrolysis is a chemical engineering process in which water in the supercritical state can be employed to achieve a variety of reactions within seconds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Supercritical hydrolysis can be considered a broadly applicable green chemistry process that utilizes water simultaneously as a heat transfer agent, a solvent, a reactant, a source of hydrogen and as a char-reduction component. (wikipedia.org)
  • produces
  • A thermal hydrolysis system produces biogas from the food waste, which provides fuel for the city bus system and is also used for agricultural fertilizer. (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans, approximately 60 percent of the energy released from the hydrolysis of one mole of ATP produces metabolic heat rather than fuel the actual reactions taking place. (wikipedia.org)
  • weak
  • As noted below, energy is released by the hydrolysis of ATP when these weak bonds are broken - requiring a small input of energy, followed by the formation of new bonds and the release of a larger amount of energy as the total energy of the system is lowered and becomes more stable. (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • However, if rapid racemization is occurring alongside hydrolysis (an example of dynamic kinetic resolution), a maximum yield of 100% is possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • products
  • What are the products of hydrolysis when stannic chloride is used as a mordant? (dictionary.com)
  • Sewage treatment plants, such as Blue Plains in Washington, D.C., USA, have adopted thermal hydrolysis of sewage sludge in order to produce commercially valuable products (such as electricity and "class A" biosolid fertilizers) out of the wastewater. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hydrolysis of the phosphate groups in ATP is especially exergonic, because the resulting orthophosphate group is greatly stabilized by multiple resonance structures, making the products (ADP and Pi) much lower in energy than the reactant (ATP). (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • The present invention relates to polymerizable acrylophosphonic acids which have a high hydrolysis stability and are suitable in particular for preparing, or as components of, polymers, adhesives or other materials and mainly dental materials. (google.com)
  • Under certain conditions, high levels of ATP hydrolysis can contribute to lactic acidosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • energy
  • Rhodopsin resynthesised through hydrolysis of ATP - energy released allows trans-retinal and opsin to combine into rhodopsin. (thestudentroom.co.uk)
  • Physiology hydrolysis of ATP provides energy for myosin head to change and therefore allows power stroke - so muscle can contract. (thestudentroom.co.uk)
  • ATP uses free energy created by hydrolysis to drive endergonic reactions through phosphorylation. (reference.com)
  • Hydrolysis is related to energy metabolism and storage. (wikipedia.org)
  • ATP hydrolysis is the final link between the energy derived from food or sunlight and useful work such as muscle contraction, the establishment of electrochemical gradients across membranes, and biosynthetic processes necessary to maintain life. (wikipedia.org)
  • That would mean, that no energy is acquired by ATP hydrolysis, and that would have fatal concequences for the organism. (wikipedia.org)