• uvula
  • The bifid uvula results from incomplete fusion of the palatine shelves but it is considered only a slight form of clefting. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has also been proposed that the large amounts of thin saliva produced by the uvula serves to keep the throat well lubricated. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a small number of people, the uvula does not close properly against the back of the throat, causing a condition known as velopharyngeal insufficiency or VPI. (wikipedia.org)
  • pharynx
  • Its pharynx is connected to the mouth, allowing speech to occur, and food and liquid to pass down the throat. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pharynx (plural: pharynges) is the part of the throat that is behind the mouth and nasal cavity and above the esophagus and the larynx, or the tubes going down to the stomach and the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pharynx makes up the part of the throat situated immediately behind the nasal cavity, behind the mouth and above the esophagus and larynx. (wikipedia.org)
  • posterior
  • Tonsils in humans include, from anterior (front), superior (top), posterior (back), and inferior (bottom): Normally, each tonsil measures up to 2.5 cm in length, 2.0 cm in width and 1.2 cm in thickness. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a mass of lymphatic tissue situated posterior to the nasal cavity, in the roof of the nasopharynx, where the nose blends into the throat. (wikipedia.org)
  • bacteria
  • Tonsils function to trap bacteria and antigens and allow the body to produce antibodies against them. (azcentral.com)
  • Part of the lymph system , tonsils help to gather and move bad bacteria out of harm's way. (lgofs.com)
  • The most well-known cause of pharyngitis or sore throat is the bacteria however to identify cases of GAS pharyngitis because antibiotic treatment Many parents believe that pus on the tonsils or white pus pockets is a sign of strep doctors refer to as exudate in MOST cases of strep throat no exudate is present. (europedirecttoscana.eu)
  • Warm salt water adds moisture to the throat to prevent dryness Hydrogen peroxide is effective in fighting off the bacteria causing sore throat. (mosquito-fp7.eu)
  • Under normal circumstances, as viruses and bacteria enter the body through the nose and mouth, they are filtered in the tonsils. (wikipedia.org)
  • Within the tonsils, white blood cells of the immune system destroy the viruses or bacteria by producing inflammatory cytokines like phospholipase A2, which also lead to fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tonsils are filled with crevices where bacteria and other materials, including dead cells and mucus, can become trapped. (wikipedia.org)
  • lymphocytes
  • Recent studies have provided evidence that the tonsils produce T lymphocytes, also known as T-cells, in a manner similar to, but different from, the way the thymus does. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mucosal immune system is composed of the organized mucosal immune system, which includes the tonsils, Peyer patches, and isolated lymphoid follicles, and the diffuse mucosal immune system, which includes intraepithelial lymphocytes and lamina propria. (kypho.com)
  • nasopharynx
  • Thus, it is obvious that the tonsils have an important role to play in the defense of the host against bacterial and viral infections, and the success of regional mucosal immunity induced by intranasal vaccines most likely depends on these immunocompetent tissues in the oropharynx and nasopharynx. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is joined to the nose by the nasopharynx at the top of the throat, and to ear by its Eustachian tube. (wikipedia.org)
  • nerves
  • Generally a sensory receptor receives an environmental stimulus, in this case from objects reaching nerves in the back of the throat, and sends a message via an afferent nerve to the central nervous system (CNS). (wikipedia.org)
  • This is because the sensory component is intact on both sides, but only the motor nerves supplying one side of the soft palatine and pharyngeal muscles is working, therefore the contraction of the muscles in the reflex is asymmetrical. (wikipedia.org)
  • masses
  • When used unqualified, the term most commonly refers specifically to the palatine tonsils, which are masses of lymphatic material situated at either side of the back of the human throat. (wikipedia.org)
  • immune
  • Your tonsils are part of your immune system. (medicalmalpracticehelp.com)
  • In addition, throat cancer can develop in people who do not use alcohol or nicotine due to other underlying conditions, such as having a weak immune system from HIV/AIDS or other immune system illnesses. (medicalmalpracticehelp.com)
  • The tonsils participate in systemic immune surveillance. (merckmanuals.com)
  • These M cells then alert the underlying B cells and T cells in the tonsil that a pathogen is present and an immune response is stimulated. (wikipedia.org)
  • Altogether, therefore, several pieces of direct and indirect evidence indicate that the palatine tonsils are continuously engaged in local immune responses to microorganisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • sinusitis
  • Tonsils produce antibodies that neutralize respiratory infections (e.g. pneumonia, bronchitis, ear infections, laryngitis, sinusitis and rhinitis) that enter through the throat, mouth or nose. (azcentral.com)
  • esophagus
  • These can also cause GERD (and contributes to candida the esophagus and the ginger was burning my already irritated throat. (master-kmkh.eu)
  • the throat, a tubular structure about 13 cm long that extends from the base of the skull to the esophagus and is situated immediately in front of the cervical vertebrae. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The esophagus carries food through the throat to the stomach. (wikipedia.org)
  • it is the part of the throat that connects to the esophagus. (wikipedia.org)
  • enlargement
  • Does unilateral tonsil enlargement in adults warrant medical attention? (healthtap.com)
  • I am having an enlargement in my right tonsil and it's been the same size since approximately 8-9 days. (healthtap.com)
  • citation needed] Tonsil enlargement can affect speech, making it hypernasal and giving it the sound of velopharyngeal incompetence (when space in the mouth is not fully separated from the nose's air space). (wikipedia.org)
  • aerodigestive
  • Tonsils are collections of lymphoid tissue facing into the aerodigestive tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • As mucosal lymphatic tissue of the aerodigestive tract, the tonsils are viewed in some classifications as belonging to both the gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) and the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT). (wikipedia.org)
  • It, along with other aerodigestive reflexes such as reflexive pharyngeal swallowing, prevents objects in the oral cavity from entering the throat except as part of normal swallowing and helps prevent choking. (wikipedia.org)