• Anatomy
  • Functional anatomy of the thoracic vertebrae in early Homo. (wikipedia.org)
  • The back describes the area of horse anatomy where the saddle goes, and in popular usage extends to include the loin or lumbar region behind the thoracic vertebrae that also is crucial to a horse's weight-carrying ability. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thoracic splanchnic nerves "greater splanchnic nerve" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary thoraxlesson5 at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) "lesser splanchnic nerve" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary "Least splanchnic nerve" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary Anatomy figure: 21:04-07 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "The position of the right and left vagus nerves, and sympathetic trunks in the mediastinum. (wikipedia.org)
  • main thoracic
  • To evaluate the clinical and radiographic response of the lumbar curve after fusion of the main thoracic vertebrae, in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis of Lenke type 1. (scielo.br)
  • Less satisfactory results were observed in curves with lumbar modifier B, and this may be related to overcorrection of the main thoracic curve. (scielo.br)
  • Lenke type I is the most frequent classification, and this only presents structuring of the main thoracic curve (TPR). (scielo.br)
  • There is a consensus in the literature that type 1A curvature should only receive fusion of the main thoracic curve. (scielo.br)
  • There are three main thoracic splanchnic nerves: The nerve's origins can be remembered by the "4-3-2 rule", accounting for the number of ganglia giving rise to each nerve. (wikipedia.org)
  • intervertebral
  • A pair of intervertebral disks made of tough fibrocartilage connects the vertebral body of T12 to those of its neighboring vertebrae. (innerbody.com)
  • Each rubbery intervertebral disk provides a slightly flexible connection between the vertebral bodies and acts as a shock absorber to prevent collisions between the vertebrae. (innerbody.com)
  • The vertebral column is the defining characteristic of a vertebrate, in which the notochord (a flexible rod of uniform composition) found in all chordates has been replaced by a segmented series of bones-vertebrae separated by intervertebral discs. (wikipedia.org)
  • In between each pair of vertebrae are two small holes called intervertebral foramina. (wikipedia.org)
  • abdominal
  • The diaphragm is a skeletal muscle that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities, and plays a major role in respiration. (kenhub.com)
  • concave
  • Each superior articular process resembles those of the thoracic vertebrae, ending in a smooth, convex oval that corresponds with the concave oval of the inferior articular process of T11. (innerbody.com)
  • articulation
  • Yet Galen attests otherwise 14 , attributing more or less the same articulation to the thoracic vertebrae as we have shown in the preceding chapter that the bodies of the cervical vertebrae construct. (northwestern.edu)
  • The articular portion, the lower and more medial of the two, presents a small, oval surface for articulation with the end of the transverse process of the lower of the two vertebræ to which the head is connected. (wikipedia.org)
  • curve
  • In Lenke 1 patients, fusion of the thoracic curve alone provided spontaneous correction of the lumbar curve and compensation of the trunk. (scielo.br)
  • The objective of the present study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic correction of lumbar curvature and its predictive factors, after only performing fusion of the thoracic curve in patients with Lenke 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. (scielo.br)
  • The apex of their curve, located in the thoracic vertebrae, is quite rigid. (wikipedia.org)
  • upper
  • they increase in size going towards the lumbar vertebrae, with the lower ones being a lot larger than the upper. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first thoracic vertebra has, on either side of the body, an entire articular facet for the head of the first rib, and a demi-facet for the upper half of the head of the second rib. (wikipedia.org)
  • The transverse processes are long, and the upper vertebral notches are deeper than those of the other thoracic vertebrae. (wikipedia.org)
  • but the lower part of this body has a flat surface like the upper and lower surfaces of the bodies of all thoracic vertebrae (A in figs. 1, 2, 3). (northwestern.edu)
  • It has been reported that curves in the lower thoracic region cause more pain, whereas curves in the upper region present a more visual deformity. (wikipedia.org)
  • transverse
  • The bodies in the middle of the thoracic region are heart-shaped, and as broad in the antero-posterior as in the transverse direction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The transverse process of a thoracic vertebra also articulates with the rib of the same number. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are ligaments extending the length of the column at the front and the back, and in between the vertebrae joining the spinous processes, the transverse processes and the vertebral laminae. (wikipedia.org)
  • chest
  • Injury to the chest (also referred to as chest trauma, thoracic injury, or thoracic trauma) results in up to ¼ of all deaths due to trauma in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • passes
  • The thoracic spinal nerve 1 (T1) passes out underneath it. (wikipedia.org)
  • It passes beneath the aortic arch, crosses in front of the esophagus, the thoracic duct, and the descending aorta, and has the left pulmonary artery lying at first above, and then in front of it. (wikipedia.org)